The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 6, 1936 · Page 1
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February 6, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, February 6, 1936
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ; U f A « L O N E R : i l S MEM S V - C P T OF I 0 - i : ·' '· fs wo i '· r -". ! "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 104 How Raise Bonus Cash? New Money or New Taxes Headache for Congress. By CHARLES P. STEWART A S H I N G T O N , --(CPA)-- Congress' mind was firmly made up not to increase taxation w i t h election day so close ahead. Then President Roosevelt's d e m a n d struck them full force. p r e s i d e n t Roosevelt's position on bonus p a y m e n t , of course, was unassailable, being to the effect that the lawmakers mustn't order immediate settlement with the veterans without providing money to do the paying. The legislators did just that, anyway. They were afraid of offending the ex-service men if they refused to vote immediate payment. They were afraid of offending the taxpayers if they voted higher taxes to pay the Legionnaires. Congress Optimistic. The baby bond device was hit on in the hope that many of the veterans, up to half or more of them, will prefer to hold their bonds up to the date of their maturity, for the sake of the 3 per cent interest they will yield. If the veterans see fit to do this, the treasury will not confront the early problem of producing ?2,237,000,000 out of nothingness. The baby hond advocates still reckon that Secretary Morgenthau will not have to dig up more than a trifling billion--until later. But anyone who honestly thinks that most of the ex-service men will Dot be on hand for their cash the minute their bonds are cashable certainly Is an optimist. Agree With President. As a matter of fact, no congressman does think so, ,, . .. '·"· Some congressmen wish that they could, but know better; agree with President Roosevelt; would have upheld^ his veto, had they dared; voted to override it from sheer terror of the veterans, on primary and election dates. Another type of congressman is a sincere believer in inflation. This may be a natural frame of mind for a spokesman for an agricultural constituency. An established farmer has his own home; no rent to be advanced on him. If he is an all-around farmer, he sets his own table. He needs merely a primitive, Inexpensive wardrobe in the country. Inflation will make his machinery cost him more, but old machinery will last for quite awhile; that issue isn't urgent. Inflation Aids Debtor. And if he is in debt, as generally he is, inflation enables him to meet his obligations with less of the stuff he produces. The urban worker necessarily suffers from what temporarily profits the farmer. Temporarily! The urban worker's income lags behind agricultural high prices, he loses his purchasing power and the farmer loses his market. Agriculture can thrive at urban labor's expense for some time, without realizing that it is killing the golden goose, just as urban's industry has thriven at agriculture's expense, without realizing that it was killing its golden goose with its protective tariffs, · What for Money? The treasury hasn't the money to .meet bonus. refluirements. It will have to borrow it. It will have- to-borrow only a picayunish couple of billions, as against 35 billions already accumulated. How this debt is to be lifted is a puzzle to economists. A veteran will get his money, in dollars--but what will his dollars and cents be worth? GENERAL STRIKE ENDS AT PEKIN 30 Below Zero Forecast Again for North Iowa MAN, THAWING OUT CAR, HURT Heitland of Meservey Loses Eye; Hit by Crankcase Oil Cap. Barney Heitland, Meservey, suffered the loss of his right eye when gasoline exploded while he was thawing the craukcase of a neighbor's car with a blow torch about 5 o'clock Wednesday evening. A cap to the opening of the case through which oil was poured into the car. struck Mr. Heitland, cutting his eye into two parts. The eye was removed at the Mercy hospital at Mason City Wednesday evening. His condition ·was reported as good Thursday morning. Steal Men's Suits. CRESTON--t.T)--Thieves forced entry into the Brandon and Lebm- kuhl men's furnishing at Greenfield and stole 20 men's suits and a quantity of accessories. CLAIM TAX BILL MAY NOT BE AS BIG AS EXPECTED House Leaders Talk to Roosevelt as Senate Scans Farm Bill. WASHINGTON--/P--Hope f o r formulation of a tax bill which "will surprise the country by not being 1 as large as expected" was expressed Thursday by house leaders after a talk with President Roosevelt. Upon repeal of the cotton, tobacco and potato control laws, the senate began examining the AAA substitute plan. President Roosevelt's signature alone was needed to close the compulsory crop limitations episode of the new deal. Next on Mr. Roo-sevelt's calling; list, after the house leaders, were the financial advisers, the aim evidently being to cut the spread between treasury income and outgo. Routine appropriations occupied the house. Speaker Byrns said May 15 was a likely date for adjournment of congress. "We shall have some farm subsidy taxes; but I'm not so sure whether we'll have any other or not," he said. Get Ahead of Court. -4,9 the senate agricultural debate, got' under way, Senator Norris "(R:, Nebr.) said the cotton-tobaccc-po- tato repealer was an effort "to get ahead of the curb by the supreme court." He contended the court has assumed "legislative jurisdiction" and later ma.y. question the right of congress to repeal its own acts. The new farm relief plan would make greater allowance for state authority. The program would clothe the sectary of agriculture with authority to pay subsidies direct to farmers for conserving soil, and thus indirectly controlling production. States meeting federal requirements could have a part in the plan immediately if they wished. They would receive the federal funds and administer the program through agencies of their own choosing, subject to the secretary's approval. Is Final Effort. States would have to come into the program after two years, otherwise their farmers would get no more subsidies. Chairman Smith (D., S. Car.) of the agriculture committee, who had been doubtful about the constitutionality of previous proposals, said: "If this won't work, we can't do anything." Around .$500,000,000 is the estimated cost a year of a new farm plan, but the question of taxes to raise the money was officially described as "still in the conversational stage"--even after a white house conference last night. Faced with bonus payment of more than $2,000,000,000 and other large expenditures, the administration was looking around to see if some funds could be pared. Belief Costs Studied. High officials also .disclosed that the president had directed a study of next fiscal year's prospective relief expenditures in the light of heavy commitments in other fields. Some time ago it was reported the administration might seek 52.000,000,000 for relief. Now, however, possibilities of paring this are being canvassed. Whether it will be done in view of demands from the states for new dole money remains to be seen, observers said. The relief population last month was described officially as about as large as it was the previous January--when it totalled 20,000,000. ON THE INSIDE POPE rius xi. Pius Observes 14th Anniversary as Pope ON PAGE 2 506 Schools Entered in Music Competition ON PAGE 7 Boy Admits Slaying of Magazine Writer ON PAGE 14 Three Way Attack:,on . .^, Farm Problem Urged ON PAGE 10 Iowa Coal Miners to Work Saturday ON PAGE 2 Story of Edward's Travels in Pictures ON PAGE 3 6 PROBES BEGUN IN LOEB SLAYING Illinois Legislature's Joint Committee Will Enter Prison Inquiry. SPRINGFIELD, 111.--(JO--S i x separate investigations into the slaying of Richard Loeb, one o£ the state's most notorious murderers, killed with a razor by a fellow convict last week in Stateville penitentiary, were under way Thursday. The latest was started by a resolution adopted by the state senate and sent to the "house Wednesday for concurrence. It provided that a joint committee of five members of each house investigate the twin prisons at Stateville and Joliet. Governor Horner a few days ago invited 16 persons from several states to form an independent commission to study all illicit prisons. Immediately after Loeb's death, the result of 56 slashes inflicted with a razor by James Day on Jan. 28, three inquiries were opened, one by prison officials, another by State's Attorney William R. McCabe and a third by Director A. L. Bowen of the public welfare department. The other was by a Will county grand jury impaneled to return an indictment against Locb's confessed slayer and to investigate prison conditions. Loeb had been serving a life and 99 year sentence for the murder of Bobbie Franks in Chicago in 1924. Nathan Leopold is serving a similar term for the same murder. To Stan Printing Bonus Baby Bonds in Next Week WASHINGTON -- (.T) -- Still engrossed with the "most difficult job" that ever confronted it, the treasury announced Thursday it expected to begin printing the new baby bonds, to pay off the soldiers' bonus, next week. (Congress has ordered the adjusted service certificates, totaling more than 52,000,000,000. to be paid off with bonds of 550 denominations i cashable at postofficcs after next ( J u n e 15.) It became apparent that many officials considered issuance of the bonds before June 15 almost a physical impossibility. Secretary Mor- genthau believes it can be done, but President Roosevelt took a more pessimistic attitude, recently declaring that the distribution would start around July .1, It may be weeks later before it is completed, officials indicate. ANOTHER WAVE OF COLD ROLLS IN FROM CANADA More Snow Falls Over State; Many Schools Are Closed. Another night of paralyzing cold was in store for Iowa, as the weatherman predicted 30 below minimums for North Iowa Thursday night. A new wave of bitter weather was rolling down from Canada, he said, and though temperatures mounted above zero generally over the state Thursday, "they'll skee- dacldle back down as the cold washes in, on and over the state." Mason City had a reading of 12 below zero early Thursday and at 8 a. m., it was lo below. A light snow began falling Thursday forenoon. Temperatures took a turn towards the twenties in North Iowa early Thursday but apparently fell short, the Associated Press reported. Spirit Lake 18 Below. Spirit Lake reported the mercury's backsliding halted at -18. At Emmetsburg, where the cold wave's record of 36 below was made early Jan. 22, the low was -16. Cedar Rapids reported -14. Temperatures in the extreme northeast corner, might have got ;in to --the "twenties; -the- -weatherman said, as .Lacrosse, Wis., reported a -20. Other low temperatures included: Sioux City -10; Webster City -S: Davenport -6; Washington -5; Des Moines -2. i Council Bluffs got off with a zero and Keokuk with 2 above. More Snow Reported. Snow fell in both the northwest and southeast parts of the state Thursday. Spirit Lake measured an inch and noted a rising wind that started piling uo drifts again. Sioux City and Emmetsburg, also in the northwest, reported snow. Light snow fell at Ottumwa, Washington and Davenport in the southeast, cloudiness increased over the rest of the stats and the weatherman predicted "some snow" Thursday night and Friday along with the new siege of numbing temperatures. Coal shortage problems were reported in some towns in North Iowa. At Garner three coal dealers reported their supplies exhausted. Crystal Lake had no coal, although some was being brought in from nearby towns. A shipment is expected Friday. One hundred tons of coal which reached Swea City Sunday has all been sold. Belmond 12 Below. Belmond Thursday reported a minimum of 12 below -with the fine snow falling and already starting to drift. Several schools in North Iowa have been reopened, .although attendance, particularly by students living on consolidated bus routes, is low. Nashua and Ackley were among the towns which will hold no more school this week. The first passenger train through Forest City from the north since the storm came Wednesday afternoon. The Monday noon train was the last previous one to run on the M. and St. L. there. Section crews and snowplows worked 15 hours at Macy. between Iowa Falls and Alden. before R freight train on the Illinois Central could continue its westward journey, Colder Elsewhere. The weatherman predicted 20 below in southwest Iowa and 15 below in the southeast Thursday night. Just to show what the cold wave already was doing north and west of Iowa, the weatherman cited a few early temperatures: Valentine, Neb.. -30: North Platte, Neb., -16; Duluth, Minn., -32; Bismarck, N. D., -38; Winnepeg, Can., -42, and Prince Albert, -46. "So," he offered in expiation of his forecast, "30 below isn't quite as cold as it could be--and is elsewhere." Train dispatchers reported rail traffic throughout the state regaining a degree of normalcy Thursday. Main line passenger service got back within striking distance of schedules. Branch lines were resuming service. | Freight Held Up. | But freight still was moving "hit | and miss," and Thursday night's j bitter temperatures are "apt to ' tie another knot in it," one dispatch- Before General Strike Ended at Pekin, 111. Grou'p of strikers shown above outside I h n plnnt. of the American Distilling company at IMiin, III., before a general strike (hat paralyzed business in that city of 17,000 population came to an end Thursday afternoon. (Central Tress Photo) ITALY BUILDS UP FASCIST PARTY Roman Authorities Predict Further Development on Military Lines. BY CHARLES E. BARKER Associated Press Foreign Staff Further development of the fascist party as a military organization was predicted Thursday by high fascist sources in Rome. The prediction was important, for it was predicated on the theory that further militarization of the parly would be necessary to take care of the internal situation in Italy should an European war develop. As for actual military activities, there was little reported except in the case of a British officer on frontier duty along the border between the British colony of Kenya and Ethiopia. The Briton discovered that an Italian column, advancing along the border, had placed a marker six feet over the line in British soil. His majesty's officer protested-with a smile. The marker was placed back where it belonged. Another neutral officer who appeared on the battlefront was Major Norman Fisk, United States army, who visited Makale as an observer. He will go next to Tembien and Aksum to watch the fighting. The British parliament was on record as opposed to war and as having "grave concern over worldwide preparations for war." Lieut. M. Freres, Beligian army officer and military adviser to the Ethiopian general, Ras Desta Dem- tu, issued an affidavit denying Italian allegations that Swedish Red Cross trucks had been used to transport ammunition for the Ethiopians. Declared the Belgian lieutenant: "There never was a single cartridge in the Red Cross trucks." Answers New Deal Criticism of Smith BOSTON--(.Pi--New deal criticism of Al Smith's recent Liberty league address encountered a sharp retort Thursday from former Gov. Joseph B. Ely. New dealers, he said, are seeking to destroy Smith's influence, and are "besmirching his reputation to achieve their own wild purposes." er said, "which won't help the coal shortage situation any." Scores of schools remained closed because of drift blocked secondary roads and in some instances shortage of coal. At Dubuque, V. F. Chapman, city milk inspector.. warned residents to conserve on milk supplies in order to avoid a milk shortage. Deliveries there, he said, have been cut 50 per cent during the last two days because of drifted roads. Postmasters at several points reported mail piling up in their offices, rural carriers simply finding it impassible to deliver. At Carrol! two funerals and a wedding were postponed a day because of blocked roads. Jews Barred From Having Any Meetings ·-*BERLIN~a^=The third reich enforced a ban on meetings of all Jewish cultural organizations today in an effort to forestall any renewal of anti-semitic rioting as the fourth winter Olympic games opened at Garmisch-Partenkirchcn. The government, through its minister to Berne, also placed an official request before the Swiss government to "discover and prosecute those behind" the assassination of Wilhelm Gustloff, former leader of the nazis in Switzerland. "Serious Affair." The reich government said the slaying of Gustloff at Davos Tuesday by a Yugoslav medical student, who described himsel as David Frankfurter, a Jew, was "a serious affair which was without doubt a political murder." A German official communication said the shooting "clearly was a sequel to the leftist press campaign against Gustloff, which continued despite the German minister's protests." Expresses Thanks. The minister, Baron von Weiz- s^ecker, expressed thanks to Dr. Giuseppe Motta, vice president of the republic of Switzerland for Swiss sympathy in the case. Dr; Paul Joseph Goebbels, minister of press and propaganda, announced that the prohibition on meetings of Jewish cultural organizations, such as theaters, would remain in effect until further notice. The streets had been quiet, however, since Monday, when several Jews were attacked and a number of windows smashed. Five Injured in Panic. PITTSBURGH---«-- A street car carrying scores of passengers caught fire today and five were injured in a panicky rush for the exits. The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Cloudy and cold Thursday night and Friday; probably some snow. MINNESOTA: Generally fair and continued cold Thursday night and Friday, except cloudy in extreme south. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Thursday morning: Maximum Wednesday 4 below Minimum in nipfht ]2 below At 8 a. m. Thursday 10 below Snowfall '.o of an inch Precipitation .03 of an Inch A protecting blanket of clouds kept the mercury from dropping much lower than 32 below Wednesday night. Ordinarily 12 below--13 beiow at the sugar plant north of town--would be considered an ext r e m i t y in roklness but this year, on a comparative basis, it's balmy weather ESCAPED PRISON CONVICT CAUGHT Illinois Penitentiary Guard Arrested on Charges of Helping Him. CHICAGO--(.T)--Police Thursday arrested John Floss, 44 year old escaped Stateville prison convict, at about the same time Will county authorities took a guard into custody on Warden Joseph Ragen's charge lie helped engineer the escape. Floss, who fled from the prison honor farm, Wednesday, was wearing his prison uniform when arrested here. The guard. Homer Tally. 49, was held in the Will county jail at Joliet after Warden Ragen accused him of giving a false account of the escape. Warden Ragen said he learned Tally was seen riding in a car outside the prison grounds with Floss several hours before the escape was reported. Tally's first report. Warden Ragen said, was that Floss stole the guard's car and drove away from a bouse on the prison honor farm. Warden Ragen said an attendant at a gasoline station near the prison Lold guards that Tally, accompanied by a convict, stopped there to have the gasoline tank of his car filled earlier in the day. Floss was sentenced to one year to life in 1029 on a Cook county armed robbery charge. Police Lieut. Daniel O'Hara. who arrested Floss, said the prisoner related that he and Tally went for a ride in Tally's car yesterday, stopped at a tavern and drank some whisky. Then. Lieut. O'Hara quoted Floss as saying, the convict asked the guard to take him to Chicago. Lieut. O'Hara said Floss claimed Tally agreed and that they drove to the edge of Chicago, where Floss hit the guard on the head and fled. Two British Flyers Start on Separate Hops to Capetown LYMPNE, Eng.--(.·?)--Two British j "lying officers," Tommy Rose and [ David Llewellyn, took off Thursday on separate, solo flights to Capc- Lown. South Africa. Llewellyn left Hanworth in a midget plane in an attempt to reach Capetown in 10 days, and a few iiours later Rose started .from Lympne seeking to lower Mrs. Amy Johnson Mollison's 19,12 England- Capetown record of 4 days, 6 hours, 35 minutes. Strike of Hotel and Restaurant Workers Threatens New York NEW YORK--!.T)--A strike of lotel and restaurant workers Thursday threatened to disrupt New York's night life. Hotel employes, whn claimed they represented a union membership of 11,000 in 210 establishments, an- nmmccd last night t h a t they would walk nut unless operators granted their demands for shorter hours and Sigher \v;ige,« DOORS OF SHOPS, STORES REOPEN IN ILLINOIS CITY Trades, Labor Assembly Raises Moratorium on Business. PEKIN, 111.--(.T)--The paralyzing general holiday invoked in Pekin by leaders of striking union workers was suddenly ended at 1:15 p. m., Thursday. The Trades and Labor Assembly ·dominant force in this city of 17,000 during the 22 hour moratorium on all business--announced it had decided to end the holiday after embattled merchants had challenged its power by declaring they would reopen their establishments Friday. The straitjacket placed on commercial activity was thrown off at once. The doors of stores and shops were open again to patrons. Continuance Inadvisable. The announcement was made by Jack Kinsclla. business agent for the Pcoria and Pekin Building Trades union. KinsoIIa confirmed a report by Sheriff Ralph Goar that union leaders meeting with William Shoenberg of Chicago, American Federation of Labor organizer, had agreed that continuance of the general strike was inadvisable. There were widely circulated rumors that Schoenberg informed the union leaders a general strike to oust Police Chief Harry Donahue was contrary to principles of the federation. The action by the labor men came shortly after, organized businessmen., 'f Pekin had announced they would defy the unionists and reopen their business establishments tomorrow. Notified to Kcopen. Merchants were notified by John Patterson, secretary of the Pekin association of commerce, to reopen their business places at once. First manifestation of the revival of commerce, which came to a sudden stop at .'i p. m. Wednesday when virtually all business houses closed their doors at the insistence of strikers, was in the drug stores. They had limited their service to drugs during- the holiday but, with word of its termination, began to sell food, candy, cigars and merchandise. Patterson had earlier announced 200 retailers had agreed to open their establishments Friday in defiance of the general business holiday imposed by striking union labor. Patterson said the merchants had decided at a meeting to resume business at S a. m. tomorrow. National Guard Ready. He said officials had been notified and they would be relied upon to furnish protection. Five companies of Illinois national guardsmen at Peoria stood ready to swing into actioin if orders from Carlos E. Black, adjutant general were issued. Police Chief Donahue had been the object of the ire of the strike committee which declared: "If he hadn't tried to break up our picket lines last Monday, all this would have been avoided." The closing order Wednesday was issued by strikers to the merchants under penalty of having their windows smashed if they did not comply. Crtfo Operator Near Death. Clarence R»pp, operator of a cut rate taxicab line and the first serious casualty of the strike, lay in a Pekin hospital, a bullet in his chest. It was fired at him from ambush Wednesday night as he answered a hail from a passing car. Doctors said his condition was critical. Strike leaders insisted his shooting had no direct connection with the general strike but was due to the cut rates at which his cabs operated. Mayor Schurman, a shotgun guard protecting his home, stood fast in his intention to retain Donahue as police chief. "This is a hell of a way to live in America." he said, nodding his head at a group of three deputies stationed in his house. Monterrey Business Again at Standstill MONTERREY, ilex.--I/P)--Monterrey business held to a standstill for the second day Thursday in a protest against alleged communist activity, while authorities soujrht to end an apparent impasse which, threatened an indefinite suspension of the city's commerce

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