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North Iowa's Edited for the Home ;:Â·. ;iLOM ' E ft Â· h l S M E W A !t T O t H T O r I O W A O H 5 'MO I N E S I A "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XXXVII FIVE CENTS PER COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CTTV THWA MO "NTH A V T?T7"R Q 1 QQ1 ' TTAr ^ ^ . ,, -- mAQuiN iuli Y, IUWA, MUJNDAY, J^B. 9, 1931 UNITED PRESS AND INTERNATIONAL NEWS SUPPLEMENTAL SERVICE NO. 106 "Famine" Is CarawayCry Destitute Not Able to Help Starving Neighbors. By CHARLES P. STEWART A S H I N G T O N , Feb. 9. (CPA)-"Famine," s a i d Senator T h a d - cteus H. Caraway of Arkansas, "is none too strong a word for it." T h e senator was referring to conditions thru- out the drought- stricken - 'cotton b e l t , in which his own state is the most sorely afflicted. Even as he spoke with me, just outside t h e senate en- kansas colleague, Senator Joseph T. Robinson, inside the chamber, was reading- appeal after appeal for aid, from their hungry home folk. Each appeal, as he read it to his fellow lawmakers, Senator Robinson supplemented with his hopeless answer ^to the sufferers'. "The calamity is the worst of its kind," continued Senator - Caraway, "in our country's history." Â» f 9 "ARKANSAS," he continued, "Is Â·f-hardest hit. Then, I think, Kentucky. After that, probably southern Missouri, and it may be part of Texas, tho I do not know that area so well. "Local relief!" scoffed the senator. "How can neighbor help neighbor where both are utterly destitute? . "In many districts the drougKt loss was 100 per cent. "Not only was cotton destroyed. All crops were destroyed. I have seen great cornfields, parched to (Tarn to Tago flÂ» Column 2) PRINCE PLAYS IN Â·as Festivities at Equator See Brother George Shaved and Ducked. S. S. OROPESA, Feb. 9. UP)-Tha Prince of Wales had a great time this morning playing the role of barber in shipboard festivities attendant upon crossing- the equator as the Oropesa plowed southward enroute from Balboa to Talara, Peru. ,_. King Neptune, ruler 1 of all the oceans, had radioed: "To our royal brothers. S. S. Oropesa, will board you in first dog watch. Have all Initiates ready." He duly arrived at the ship's swimming pool and presided over the ceremonies, ably aided by his queen, who carried a gorgeous bo- quet of cabbages and other vegetables. The Prince of Wales was the barber, entitled "Scrape Jem," and wearing a striped red and blue bathing suit with blue shorts and a yel- Jow and green bathing cap. He wielded an enormous wooden razor and was assisted by his equerry, Major J. R. Aird, as the barber's mate, "Soap 'Em/ 1 He wore a money jacket and shorts. The prince had the evident intense satisfaction of shaving his brother, Prince George, and Viscount Ednam, neither of whom ever before had crossed the imaginary lino at the earth's girth. Grinning with delight, the Prince of Wales, helped force his brother to the ducking stool and toppled him into the water where he ducked him mercilessly. DCS Molnes Man Elected. ST. PAUL, Minn., Feb. 9. /P)_ VernorfD. Blank of Des Moines will serve as secretary of the northwest reglana! conference of physicians as the result of his election yesterday Â· at a meeting of the organization. AUNT HET By Robert Quillen "Abelia Anne ought to be proud o' her false teeth. They match her complexion perfect, an' her tongue, too." Weary 10 Walk Ashore, Saved From Ice Floes AIRPLANES FIND MEN SET Three of Party Had Been Floating on Erie for 50 Hours. DUFFALO, N. Y, Feb. 9. (7P--Ten J-* weary men walked ashore over the ice hummocks of Lake Erie today and wrote the last word in a tale of 50 hours of battling with cold, exposure, hunger and imminent death on the drifting ice floes of a Windswept lake. Three of-the men had spent the entire 50 hours on the ice, drifting helplessly at the mercy of tha changing wind. Four times they had seen safety almost within their grasp, only to have it snatched away by the elements. The other seven were coast guards trapped late last night by a sudden shift of ice as they sought to rescue the last three men. The 10 were located this morning by airplanes chartered by the coast guard and the Buffalo Evening News. The flyers dropped food and coffee to them and then sped back to shore to guide rescuing parties to the marooned men. 56 Sent Adrift, Fifty-six fishermen In all were sent adrift on huge ice cakes early Saturday when. a. blizzard swept jdcJwii upon the' Jake. out; of the.north- east,; cracking off miles of floes from'the main body of shore ice and whirling them out into the open water of the lake before a 50 mile an hour wind. Twenty of the marooned men were rescued during the day by coastguards; 16 others found their way ashore at various points where the drift ice touched for a few moments. Nineteen fishermen and a 9 year old boy were rescued yesterday morning after drifting far out on the lake. Thruout the long hours of darkness they huddled about tiny fires and ate half-cooked fish while they waited and hoped for rescue. Brat to Solid Ice An airplane chartered by the Buffalo Courier-Express, located the a (Turn to POEO 5, Column 1) BESSBORQUGH TO GOVERN CANADA Earl Succeeds Lord Welling- don'Who Will Go to India. LONDON, Feb. D. UP)--The Earl of Bessborough today was appointed governor-general of the Dominion of Canada, succeeding Lord Wll- lingdon, who is to be viceroy of India. Vere Brabazon Ponsonby, ninth Earl of Bessborough, Baron Ponsonby and Viscount Duncannon, is deputy chairman of De Beers Consolidated Mines, Ltd., chairman of Sao Paulo Railways, Ltd., and was a member .of the house of commons from 1913 to 1920. During the war he served in Gal- Jipoli in 1915 and was on the general staff in France from 1916 to 1918. ' He Is 51 years old. In 1912 he was "married to Robcrte, only daughter of Baron He Neuflize, of Paris. They have two children, Frederick Edward, Viscount Duncannon, 17, and Moyra Madeleine, 12. A third child, born in 1915, died at the age of 10. MAN ATTENDING SERVICES DIES Charles Hall, Eagle Grove, Succumbs While at Gross Rites. EAGLE GROVE, Feb. 9.--Charles L. Hall, 71, died suddenly while attending the funeral of Mrs. W. H. Gross at the Methodist church Sunday afternoon. Funeral arrangements have not been made. Mr. Hall conducted a cream station for several years and was also a dealer in poultry and other farm produce. PAINTS NEW LINCOLN Kdgar Leo Masters, lawyer- poet from .Illinois, is the latest author to attempt to drag an American liero from his pedestal. In his new book, Masters characterizes Abraham Lincoln as a, "slick and crafty politician." He declares also tliat the Great Emancipator was cold, mannerless, unkempt, neurotic And superstitious. CREDIT SYSTEM Ill NECESSITY Resolution to Petition Congress in Iowa Senate. D ES MOINES, Feb. 9. (/T)--A resolution asking the federal government to establish a credit system for long time farm mortgages at tow interest rates %vas introduced in the Iowa senate today, signed by six members. The document said that unless steps are taken to aid the farmer in paying off mortgages there is "grave danger that this great industry and the great group of American citizens engaged therein may drift into a state bordering dangerously close to peasantry."" It said that an acute situation has developed in Iowa farm financing because a large number of farms are held by banks and insurance companies. Becoming Difficult "Farm loans are continually becoming more difficult to obtain," the resolution continued, "even at increased interest rates." Governor Dan Turner and six legislators would be sent to Washington under the resolution's terms to (Turn to Papo 5. Column 4) Chicago Police Express Fear of Bread Rioting CHICAGO, Feb. 9, OP)--Police of the Humboldt park district said today they were fearful of possible violence in the right of residents to force the price of bread from 10 to G cents a pound loaf. Sent to Drought Area. SWEA CITY, Feb. O^Under the direction of Ray Smith, manager of the Swea City Poultry company, a shipment of eggs was sent today to the drought area. The eggs are carried free by the railroad companies. Each business house bought 15 dozen eggs and farmers and others with eggs to spare contributed. EAST AND WEST FIGHT FOR LEAD IN AIR TRAFFIC Tulsa Was First in 1930; Hard Pressed by Newark. AERONAUTICAL FACTS Number of air passengers curried in 1930 -- 5,000,000. Number of airports In nation --1,655. Number of air terminals -- 750. 1931 budget for terminals -$20,000,000. New airports planned for 1931--1,053, By LEO RYAN MEW YORK, Feb. 9. /P_ The new ^ ' year finds the east and west struggling for air traffic supremacy of America. Tulsa, Okla., which last year boasted the busiest airport in the United States, is finding the competition of Newark, N. J., very keen, altho Newark is a newcomer in the aerial commercial field. Tulsa last year landed in first place among the airports of the country with a total of 175,000 passengers handled without an accident. Newark, who^e airport was opened for national traffic only last autumn, has achieved the record of dispatching more.: tbaii 50,000 pass- J enters Jn less .than four months-. 'Â·-Â»Â·'- ' *Â·Â·' '1,635 IJi S.' Airports.' . ' : . More than ?20,000,000 will :be spent on air terminals during 1931, the aeronautical chamber of commerce reports. Last year the expenditure was $35,000,0000. The terminal investment represents a major share of the total air traffic investment in the country.' There are 1,655 airports in the nation, 750 of whioh have the ranking of air terminals. Last year air transportation carried more than 5,000,000 passengers. Of these, 1,475,348 were regular passengers from air terminals and 3,779,999 were taken on chartered flights or short pleasure hops. The total cost of maintaining the air terminals was $7,669,570. Nearly 30,000 acres were added to the existing airport area last year. A total 6, Column 2) WILL TURNS TO HELP ARKANSAS Erstwhile Oklahoma Cowboy Barters Barbs for $29,500. TULSA, Okla., Feb. 9. OP)--Will Rogers turned to Arkansas today after having bagged a relief fund of $183,027 in a two weeks', tour of Texas and Oklahoma for the southwest's drought and unemployment victims. The erstwhile Oklahoma cowboy bartered his barbs here last night for ?29,500, the largest single pot of his charity tour. The humorist, transported by Capt. Frank Hawks, noted speed flyer, continued his tour today. Politics received its share of attention last night. "Hoover," drawled Will, "means well but it just looks like he's misadvised. Now just look how he went and let Niagara Falls cave in. They never caved in under Coolidge. "Watch Coolidge," he went on. Â·'What's he doing? Same as me, writing a joke a day. I write on current events and he writes on the commandments 'Get up early,* 'Brush your teeth,' 'Be good.' He ain't out of the picture yet." Woman Who Killed Fourth Baby Has Twins in Prison LONDON, Feb. 9. (.T)--A mother of four children, who was sentenced to hang for having murdered the fourth baby, has given birth to twins in the hospital of Hollo way prison. The woman is Mrs. Olive Catherne Wise, who once was married and nore three children legitimately to her husband. They were separated ind she bore a fourth child to another man. He deserted her and she attempted- desperately to feed the four hungry mouths. She even chopped wood and hawked it thru the streets but finally gave up the struggle, placed the baby in an oven ana turned on the gas. British law takes no cognizance of exceptional circumstances or temporary insanity in murder case:) and she was condemned to hang. A storm of public indignation followed and her sentence was commuted. WILL- ROGERS ' TULSA, Okla., Feb. 9. -- Preached in Claremore this Sunday morning and the deacons brot in a collection of 53,000. Chelsea in the afternoon, and Tulsa will break all records tonight. Men make a town, not a location, or surrounding territory, that's why Tulsa has had such a record. From what I hear from all over the country the towns are waking up to their Red Cross responsibilities. Committees nave been lax in getting their drives started, the same as the whole country has been late in realizing the need of it. 1930 was a year of "under and over estimation," nothing was guessed right all year. Optimism was overrated and pessimism was underrated. Yours, ALL OPPOSITION TO COMPROMISE NOT WIPED OUT VeteransRelief Blocks Speed in Congress Session. Â·WASHINGTON, Feb. D. UP)--Vet'" erans relief today took 'the place of drought measures as the chief legislative stumbling block for congress. A letter from President Hoover to Senator Robinson, minority leader, which said the $20,000,000 drought loan fund agreed upon would be "sympathetically administrated" had apparently mollified tile majority in both factions. There was still opposition, however, Representative Parks of Arkansas, denouncing the compromise before the house. All threats of an extra session had not been dissipated and Senator Watson, the republican leader, said night sessions would begin this week to get the appropriation bills out of the way. Committee Must Act. Watson also said the finance committee's decision to wait for the house to act on veterans measures "brot no particular disapproval." Senator Caraway, of Arkansas, replied that if the committee did not act in a week he would move to have it "discharged" from consideration of the legislation. The decision of house leaders to let the $74,000,000 naval construction program wait until next December brot a statement from Chairman Hale of the naval affairs committee that he expected to get the measure thru the senate before (Turn to T'uRn K, Onlunin 11 Markets at a Glance NEW YORK Stocks strong; pivotal shares surge forward. Bonds--Firm; governments mixed. Curb--Strong; specialties lead active rise. Butter--Firmer. Foreign exchanges -- Irregular; Canadian dollar at par. Sugar easy; trade selling. CHICAGO Wheat--Firm; cold wave northwest and firm cables. Corn--Firm; cold weather and decreased visible supply. Cattle--Lower. Hogs--Steady to lower. Councilman on Trial Found Shot to Death CLEVELAND, Feb. 9. (.T)--On the eve of his fourth trial growing out of the city land purchase grafts of two years ago, former Councilman William E. "Rarin' Bill" Potter last night was found shot to death--a victim, Prosecutor Ray T. Miller said, of someone who feared his testimony. DROUGHT RELIEF COMES IN FORM Sections in Illinois Are Without Water to Bathe in. \X/-A'SHINGTON, Feb. 9. (ypj-- " Â· Drought relief in the form of the first good rainfall since November came to parched lands in 11 states over the week-end. Rain that the United States weather bureau described aa a "Godsend" to farmers fell in a belt extending from western Pennsylvania southweslward to eastern Texas, beginning Friday night and continuing today. It varied from half an inch in the Ohio valley to a downpaur totaling four inches at Fort Smith, Arkansas. All of Arkansas, where the Red Cross is feeding thousands impoverished by drought, received at least an inch of rainfall. Moistens Top Soil. The lain was heavy enough to moisten the top soil and prepare it for spring planting, and to relieve the .water shortage in most of the drought area, weather bureau officials said. Many sections of southern Illinois, which have been faced during the past few months with alarming drought situations, were quenched with heavy to excessive rama which, however, left many other .thirsty sections untouched. Communities farther north in Illinois remained withoxit rain--and have none in sight. Jacksonville, 111., has banned xvater for bathing purposes on pain of having the supplies cut off. Outlook Encouraging. The outlook in North Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and part of Iowa was most encouraging. Fields were blanketed with snow. Lower and northern Michigan were to receive their portion of the snow sometime today.- Indications were that the skies of much of the middlewest would be leaden during the next two days, altho this will lead to little more than local snow and rainfalls. ' BISHOP CANNON IS BACK IN BED Rebuilds Strength After His Acquittal by Church Board. WASHINGTON, Feb. 9. i,v)._After fighting his way to victory against serious accusations brot within his church. Bishop Cannon remained in a hospital today rebuilding: his strength for a return to hig duties. The prohibition leader of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South had in a single-handed defense won from 12 clergymen Saturday night; a decision that the charges filed against him by four ministers did not justify a trial before the next general conference of the denomination in 1934. DEFIES VICTOR d Press Phott Frank" L. Magic, defeated Tor re-election as Duluth, Minn., sheriff, refused to give up office to Krnil M. Ericksou. Mngio (ubovo), who served 12 years, says ho will hold on until proper court order is served. Mead Named Commander of Woodmen at ; Cresco CRESCO, Feb. 9.--Woodmen of the World Friday evening elected F. D. Mead, council commander; J. W. Richards, advisor lieutenant' George Champlin, banker; S. Callison, clerk; C. D. Andrus, escort; R. E. Culbertson, watchman; J. R. Patterson, sentry; W. H. Tillson, manager. S. Callison and J. W. Richards were elected delegate and alternate to the slate head camp meeting at Marshalltown April 20 and 21. Action-Follows Dismissal of Court Martial Charges. BULLETIN WASHINGTON, Feb. 0. (.!')-Charges lodged ngiiinst 'Maj. Gen. Smedlcy D. Butler of tho murino corps, before plans for his court martini wure dropped yesterday alleged "conduct to this prejudice of good order and discipline," and "conduct unbecoming- tin officer and SL gentleman," it was revealed iodity. W ASHINGTON, Feb. 9. (.Â·!')--At the request of state department officials, the navy department has furnished Ambassador Do Mar- tliio of Italy a copy of the correspondence between Secretary Adams and Major General Smedley D. Butler relative to the calling off of the marine officer's courtmartial. The trial, which was scheduled to start a week from today in Philadelphia, waa ordered canceled after Butler had acknowledged making remarks derogatory to Premier Mussolini. The transmission of the correspondence was informal, but wan considered by both state department and embassy officials to ba sufficient to end tho matter definitely so far as the two governments were concerned. Signor Mussolini, in a dispatch to the embassy, more than a week ago asserted he considered the incident closed by the apology the American government made to him for Butler's assertions. ADDS NEW MYSTERY PHOENIX, Ariz., Feb. 9. OTJ-- Cornelius Vanderbiit, Jr., purported to bo the man behind Maj. Gen. Smedley Butler's Mussolini anec- (Turn lÂ» rÂ»Kf- A. Column :t Plymouth Girl Hit by Air Rifle Shot PLYMOUTH, Feb. 9.--Lorninc Slangier, 8, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joe Slangier, was shot neur the eye by an air rifle with which Page Reynolds waa playing. She was taken to a hospital at Mason City. Swedish Countess, Former American, Mother of Son PLEASANTVILLE..N. Y., Feb. 9. (/M--Count Folke B e r n a d o t t e , nephew of King Gustav of Sweden and Countess Bernadotte, daughter of H. Edward Mnnville, were receiving congratulations tpday on the birth of a second son. The baby arrived yesterday at thu home of his parents nml will be named Count Folke of Wisborg, his father's title. The first child, GusLav Edward, was born Jan. 31, 1930, in Sweden. The count and countess, the former Estelle Manvilie, were married in December, 1928. Her father Ix chairman of the board of Johns- Manville company. Already they have received greetings from King Gustav and other members of the. royal family. ARE LOST IN FLAMES Other Persons Missing May Have Perished in Blaze. /")AKLAND, Cal., Feb. 9. U?--Fire ^-' of mysterious origin destroyed the Oakland horse show early today, taking at least three human lives and incarcerating somewhere between 47 and SO blue blooded anl- ma! trapped in their stalls. Three other persons, including a woman, were missing and may have perished. More than a dozen attendants remained unaccounted for but most, if not ^11, of these were thot to have escaped and failed to report their safety. Fire officials estimated the loss in horses at 5500,000. Eighteen carloads of prize animals, valued by their owners at about 52,000,000 had been shipped from the stables, the show having closed Saturday night. One Identified. John L. Thorns, 60, an employe of iarnution farm stables, Pomona. Â· !al.. was the only one oÂ£ the three dead who could be identified. The others were believed to bo Michael McCarthy, also a Carnation stable employe, and a man known only aa Murray. While the fire was at Its height and horses were plunging, snorting and dying in the flames, a woman i was seen to dash into the blazing structure as if to rescue a.favorite, horse. Later a.Â·woman's purse containing 40 cents and a check was found In. tha ruins. Scone JJetJIairir*""*" "Â·Â»,, Fire authorities said thsy detected the smell of gasoline while fighting the flames, but had no definite evidence of inccnrliarinni. Barns full of plunging, snorting, squealing horses made the .scene a bedlam. Some of the prize animals broke thru to the open air with hair and flesh afire. Policemen shot them doivn to end their agony. McCarthy was believed to have died in an attempt to save Carnation Lavendula, a SSS.OOO horse. Harold P.- Ryan, one of the attendants, was injured. Ryan said he saw a man burn to death In a stall. Troops Sent to Madeira to Put Down Bread Riots LISBON, Portugal, Feb. 9. OD-Nearly 2,000 troops, sailors and po- .ice were speeded today toward FunchnI, Madeira Islands, where serious rioting has occurred as a consequence of announcement of ;overnment intentions to increase Lhe price of bread. Summer Term Daleii Given. GRINNELL, Feb. 9.--Tentative dates for the summer school term at Grinnell college have been announced as June 11 to July 11. Weal IOWA WEATHER Generally fair Monday and Tuesday. Colder Monday night; much colder in tho east) urnl .south portions with moder- alo cold wiivc in tlio northeast portion. Ulsing temperatures Tuns-day In tiui northwest und north contra! portions. LOCAL STATISTICS Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Monday morning: Maximum Sunday ;!9 Ahavn M i n i m u m in .NIgilt !) Above At H A. M. Monday 10 Above Trace of snow. Figures for like period ending at S o'clock Sunday morning: Miximutn .Saturday 89 Afiovc Minimum In N i g h t 25 Ahovo Sunday night brot the coldest .veather oÂ£ the month thus far--and it wasn't very cold at that. Early Monday morning the mercury had touched the 9 above mark and thru tho forenoon it rose only slightly. A chill northwest wind was off-setting the effects of a bright sun.