The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 25, 1935 · Page 6
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July 25, 1935

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 6

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, July 25, 1935
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t MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, JULY 25 ·§ 1935 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AH A. IT. LEG NEWSPAPER Issued Every SVeelt Day by thu MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMFANX 121-123 East State street · Tolepbone No. 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL · ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER Publisher Managing Editor City Editor Advertising Manager PERTINENT or IMPERTINENT MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PKESS WDlCh la exclusively entitled to the use lor publication of all news dlzpatcbea credited to It ot not otherwise credited ID Ibis caper, and all local newa. MEMBER, rOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, will) tes Molnes newa and biulneaa offices at 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear Lake. Mason city and Clear Lake, by Uio week ...........$ .20 by tbo year J7.00 OUTSIDE MASON CITY AND CLEAR LAKE Per year by carrier 57.00 By mall 6 months J2.25 Per week by carrier ......S -15 By mall 3 months 51.23 Per year by mall ..54.00 By mail 1 month $ .50 OUTSIDE 300 BOLE ZONE Per year 56,00 Six moottts ,TM.53.23 Three months ..51.75 "KEEP MY NAME OUT!" \JO OTHER routine problem of the newspaper editor ^ ' is more'vexing than that brought about by the person who has violated the law and wants to keep from accepting the penalty of publicity which properly attaches to the misdeed. Hardly a day passes but this problem presents itself, in one form or another. The approaches fall into three general classifii cations. First, there's the attempt to place the whole matter on a basis of friendship. What are friends for if you don't make use of them? "I've been a subscriber to the Globe-Gazette for fifteen years" or "I've known you and been your friend for a long time, Mr. Editor, and now I want you to do me a little favor," the plea goes. Second, there are those who almost tearfully insist that to publicize their arrest and fine will be to lose them their job or break up their home. They try to make it appear that their own offending is nothing in comparison with the newspaper's cruelty if it persists in printing the news. Third, there are those wno minimize their offense or seek to make it appear that they are the "victim of circumstances" or some dastardly plot on the' part of the authorities. Some of these pleaders are so eloquent they can almost make it appear they did an admirable piece of community service in violating the Jaw. The newspaper editor accepts all of this as one of the drawbacks of his profession. There are many compensating features, be it added here. By clinging to a policy of presenting the news without fear or favor, thinking of his duty to the reading public rather than to personal favor, an editor or reporter invites some enmities for himself--most of them, fortunately, rather short-lived. An Iowa legislator on a newspaper's ' invitation visited all the capital city beer joints one night recently and pronounced 'em o. k. Just what legal standing his opinion would have after the first half dozen places sa a matter of conjecture. Sure as the world somebody is going to be reminded by that Ethiopian situation of the time Uncle Sam had dealings with a little country to the south. Texas was the outcome. The mere fact that a subject is debated would prove that it's debatable. This point is not grasped by those who believe they have a monopoly of rteht thinking. 6 Here's hoping it doesn't get around among our budding poets that one of their number kept plugging- away until he got one published at age 80. "Give us this day our daily bread--sliced" is an amendment proposed by some editorial wag. Another fellah who would be speechless if deprived of the perpendicular pronouns is Mussolini, That muffled voice you hear is money talking in Washington--four billions of it to congress. What does the new deal have up its sleeve that will stand the test of constitutionality. Huey might start things moving by dividing his own. DAILY SCRAP BOOK By SCOTT OTHER VIEWPOINTS That the newspaper credo is tinctured with mercy is evident in the fact that there is no publicity for juvenile court cases except when they involve elements properly of community interest, as perhaps one case in a hundred does. The greater good is served, however, when adult transgressions of the law are publicized. Experience has demonstrated this beyond reasonable argument. The practice has proved a deterrent to wrong-doing. In the larger sense too, the public is entitled to correct and complete reports on its tax-supported institutions, including law enforcement agencies and courts. It is on this fundamental theory that this newspaper operates. NO REFLECTION WAS INTENDED Vern» Marshall in Cedar Rapids Gazette: The Mason City Globe-Gazette reprinted recent paragraphs from this column in which reference was made to the slot machine situation in Cerro Gordo county. On Saturday the G-G noted that the paragraphs "reflected unfavorably upon the office of the county attorney of Cerro Gordo county," and commented that on the contrary, the county is getting from its prosecutor "a clean-cut, efficient and aggressive administration." In the quoted paragraphs this column made reference to the need for a thorough cleansing in many counties where Joe Gagen and others had been able to line up county attorneys and sheriffs. The office of the Cerro Gordo county attorney had asked The Gazette for aid in routing any grafters at Mason City, and there %vas no thought of suggesting that that office needed renovation. The Globe-Gazette's opinion of its county attorney is correct, so far as this column knows. WORD ABYSSINIAN M O N C R E L - AMD MO BLACK , BELIEVE. OBSERVING agree with Dr. Logan Clen demn g. Globe-Gazette healt authority, in his view tha the federal government couldn't fin a more valuable outlet for its publi works funds than conducting a na tionwide campaign against ragweed which is responsible for nine-tenth of America's hay fever. 'The ragweeds," writes Dr. Clen dening, "are wholly useless an worse--they are pure trouble-mak ers. They discharge their irritating pollen in great profusion beginning about Aug. 15. This pollen cause hay fever in about 10 per cent o our adult population, making th lives of these people a perfect tor ture from the middle of August t the first frost. Counting the time out for actua invalidistn, and this may be consid erable when asthma supervenes on the hay fever, and the expense o medical treatment, and of vacations which are usually more of a neces sity than a luxury, the economic destructiveness of the ragweed is from 50 to 100 year. million dollars a NEW DEAL CONSISTENCY Allison Tribune: The utter lack of sincerity and consistency on the part of the administration is illustrated in the matter of the Waverly postoffice building. When bids were submitted some time ago a Waterloo contractor was the low bidder. The bids were taken under advisement and sent to Washington. Now comes word that new bids will be asked for since the department believes they will be lower on account of the abandonment of the NRA. Yet the administration admonishes all private employers to hold fast to all the NRA schedule of wages and prices. That's the kind of monkey work we will have all along the line WHEN IS A LOBBYIST? THE humor latent in that grand old game called ·'politics has been deliciously revealed at Washington in connection with the recent investigation of lobbying activities. In the beginning, of course, the proposal was to investigate those who opposed the "death sentence" for holding companies insisted on by administration spokesmen. Then somebody got the swell idea of looking for the bug under every chip. The investigation extended to include all who were active in the fight, for or against the measure. Along with a showing that in one Pennsylvania town, -messenger boys for a telegraph company were receiving a certain amount for each message developed against the. bill, there has been a most interesting showing of the activities of that mysterious lobbyist for the white house, Thomas Corcoran, co-author with Benjamin Cohen of a number of the new deal's unconstitutional bills. Senator Wheeler and Congressman Rayburn have admitted quite candidly that they kept Corcoran or Cohen at their side for the good and ample reason that they didn't know the ins and outs of the bill which bore their name. An Associated Press dispatch concerning the lobby investigation contained this significant paragraph: "Corcoran admitted he has used the office of the house : majority whip to contact members, aid them in preparing speeches and spread literature-- seeking passage of the 'death sentence' bill." Just what would be the public appraisal of this if the tables were turned? Suppose those opposing the measure had resorted to the same tactics and methods? Messrs. Corcoran and Cohen are said to have learned their first lessons in politics at the knee of the much publicized Felix Frankfurter of Harvard, who is credited with having influenced President Roosevelt more than any other one person. This fact, presumably, makes them "legislative representatives" rather than the short, ugly word, "lobbyists." MISDIRECTED SYMPATHY THE maudlin sort of sympathy that is ready to pro*duce copious tears whenever a hardened yegg sniffles and says that he is sorry, popped into public view in Detroit the other day. The local sheriff invited the mothers and children of Detroit to come to the jail and listen to a sermon by one of his prisoners. This prisoner, he said, had seen the error of his ways and had repented, and was reading the Bible daily; he could give a very uplifting little talk on the advisability of shunning the ways of crime. All of this might have been all right, if it hadn't turned out that the repentant sinner was- William Lee Ferris, a confessed pander and slayer, who is awaiting trial on charge? of having slain the nephew of Charles Evans Hughes. Somehow, the stunt didn't appeal to Detroit. Women's clubs and public officials rose in wrath, the sermon was canceled, and the sheriff left town. And the sheriffs idea remains as a sample of brainless sentimentality at its worst. when the government gets control of all business. RADIO UNDER DICTATORSHIP David Lawrence in United States News: The whole concept of the broadcasting companies as to their obligation is political. Their policies are made with an eye to the political damage that might ensue or the political benefit that might accrue. Hence there is a rule that no speaker may appear on their networks for a regular series of broadcasts if his addresses are in any way critical of the national administration at Washington. Almost the first question asked by the director of programs about a projected program on public affairs is: "Will it be anti-administration ?" THOSE APPLICATIONS Estherville News: Despite the fact that the News admires the work of the motor vehicle department in many respects it cannot refrain from calling attention to the idiotic drivers' license applications. It was demanded that every one one of the blanks must sign in black ink--almost a forgotten article. Most people signed the applications in blue ink, the only kind they had, and now at a tremendous postage expense 'he state is sending them back to be signed with black ink. Very stupid. The license bureau is tied up in a knot as a consequence. 15 LARGELY BLUFF- R.EA-T SPIDER -TAKES f _ A-Til-tilDE WHEN PlSfURBED BUT 15 SAIP -To BE ONLY MILD1 AND 1$ FAR FROM DEADLY OWN MAKE op-THERMOS BOT-TLE- H KEEPS -TEA HffT 6 SERVE. ANY-TIME AUN 'THE STREET IN A CLOTH COVERED Pot" Copyright, 1935. by Central Prtts Aaotlitlon, Int. "7-2.5" DIET and HEALTH Dr. Clenaenlng cannot aiagnosij or give personal answers to letters rrom readers. When QUestlots are ol general interest, however, they will be taken up. In order. In the dally column. Address your Inquiries to Dr. Logan Clendenlng, care of The Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. By LOGAN CLENDENDia, M. D. ' TEACHER OATHS 0. K. IF-Eagle Grove Eagle: There is no harm at all in requiring a teacher to take the same oath as any other public official, provided we are going about it in the right spirit, with a kindly, sympathetic and aprpecia- tive approach. But to cast opprobrium on the entire teaching profession because a few reds happen to be among the teachers is wrong and if you do require the teachers to take an oath because of the present agitation, it would be a gratuitous insult to the mcst self- sacrificing, deserving group of public servants in the country. THE EASTERN SEABOARD VIEWPOINT Newark News: The law of supply and demand is no more susceptible of being man-controlled beyond a certain point than is the law of gravity. Each is natural, not devised. Each exacts a penalty of some sort when it is overlooked or flouted. Hundreds of thousands of families this summer will go on a limited, meat diet because wanton destruction of food animals added to the shortage made by the drought. TOWNSEND THEOR X°WAS~TRIED OUT Whittemore Champion: One reason why the Townsend pension plan as a prosperity restorer is a little weak is the fact that for ten years before the depression everyone who wanted to work made money and spent it as fast as they got it, but this did not prevent the depression. PARALYSIS GERM SMALL rACED as we are every summer by the possibility of " infantile paralysis, a valuable book for the public s published this year. "Infantile Paralysis," by Dr. George W. Draper. The practical questions that persons want answered about the subject are such as: "Are my children likely to get it?" "How do they catch it?" "What can be done to prevent it?' "Should they be taken away from school or camp or resort where there have been one or two cases?" "What is the outlook for treatment when a case does occur?" The cause of infantile paralysis is a virus--one of those germs too tiny to be seen even by the most powerful microscope. But we know the disease is infectious, and that the virus is actually an entity. When a monkey who has been infected with the disease dies, its Dr CJendenins" brain can be removed and ground into an emulsion and passed through a filter. This clear filtrate, injected into another monkey's brain, will reproduce tne disease. So the virus exists. It shows remarkable variations in virulence as it passes through different monkeys. This accounts for the variable severity of different epidemics. Virus Tenacious of Life. The virus of infantile paralysis is also very tenacious of life. It can be kept in glycerin in an ice box over a year without losing its activity. It resists freezing. Different chemicals affect it entirely differently--it is remarkably resistant to carbolic acid, while hydrogen peroxide, menthol and bichloride of mercury destroy it rapidly. Reproducing conditions as they exist in nature, the infantile virus will survive indefinitely if surrouna. ed by a moist, warm albuminous medium, such as the nasal secretions. This is the mode of its spread. It is a earlier disease. Someone who has either had the disease or been in contact with one who had it, has the virus implanted in his nasal cavity and carries it 'about giving it to others. People vary in susceptibility also, and whether you or your children catch it depends a great deal on this susceptibility in the presence of an eni- rloryiin " demic. EARLIER DAYS Being a Dally Compilation of Interesting Items Ironi thfi Ten, Twenty and Thirty years Aeo Flies of the Globe-aazetie. Thirty Years Ago-E. E. Beard of Canton, Ohio, who is a guest of C. A. Thomas, was at the lake yesterday fishing. Mr. Beard and Mr. Thomas were rewarded by a string of beauties 22 in number. Mr. and Mrs. L. O. Berlin left with Mr. and Mrs. Frank Miller for Portland, Ore., last night. Mr. and Mrs. John Smock and daughter, Leah, left today for Salt Lake City and other points in Utah for an extended outing. They will also stop at interesting points in Colorado. Mrs. Will McAllister and her two sons, Hode and Willard, of Chicago, arrived in the city today for a visit with relatives. Tod Ransom went to Albert Lea, Minn., today along with the other crack shots who have been here the past two days, to indulge in tie tournament there. P. J. Martin, master of the Waterloo Masonic lodge, is visiting in the city. P. J. Krue of Boone is in the city, the guest of Mr. and Mrs. G. M. Woodruff. Mrs. Ed Mitchell of Minneapolis arrived in the city yesterday for a visit with friends. "The various varieties of ragweed grow over nearly all parts of the United States. It is not the only hay fever producing plant, but it is the most active, and should be the easiest to destroy. With its destruction at least half the suffering from hay fever would disappear. "Perhaps the department of agriculture may sometime find a natural enemy which will destroy it, but none is in sight at present. Cows, and even goats, will not eat it. Why it is called horseweed I don't know, because horses won't touch it. Efen insect pests let it alone. "In this period of national crisis, when we must find useful employment through public means for many men, I again call attention to the value of putting squads of men to work destroying ragweed plants before they begin to discharge their pollens. Regiments of good scythers could remove whole tons of it du"- ing the six weeks from July 1 to Aug. 15." It's gratifying to have so eminent an authority as Dr. Clendening on one's side in this matter. I've long contended that if our hogs or our horses were agonized as humans are by hay fever, there would te an overnight campaign against rag-weed. It's up to hay fever sufferers to band together for the job. It won't be done otherwise. That's clear as the nose on your face--even between Aug. 10 and the first killing frost. would recite here, as elo- fgS quent proof that the wage Ss^" of major crime is death, some things that have happened in the short year since John Dillinger, Rat No. 1, was plugged full of bullets as he emerged from a Chicago theater: Homer Van Meter, Dillinger aide, dead in St. Paul. Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd, another Dillinger lieutenant, slain in Ohio ar.d probably by that ace of "G" men, Melvin Purvis, just now retiring from the government's service. Samuel Cowley, government man who may have been the one to shoot down John Dillinger, dead in battle with George "Baby Face" Nelson, who died of his wounds. Attorney Piquett of Chicago convicted for complicity in the Dillinger mob and for giving aid and comfort. Thus, one by one, the Dillinger associates have been slain or imprisoned until today only one of the mob which descended on the First National bank here March 13, 1934, hasn't been definitely accounted for. That one is John Hamilton, and the evidence grows that he too has been killed. --o-- jo^ invite the attention of those sSg. who occasionally drive ^^ through East park to the peculiar need for care and slow driv- ng. You never know when a youngster is going to pop out from behind a tree into the path of your car. I witnessed an example on the fourth of July in a Lake Mills park n which a 4 year old girl was saved "rom injury, perhaps death, by the careful driving and the quick action of a motorist, parents have a re- iponsibility to train their children r. the ways of caution. But motor- sts court tragedy if they do not ·ecognize their responsibility while driving through parks. JB»^ have seen numerous pictures gp; of children who have ·" made use of tobacco ince they were in their infancy. Be- ore me as I write this is the picture f "John Mtillican, age 3, McAlester, Okla., who has smoked and chewed obacco since he was seven months Id." What I'd like to see now is a icture of the parents who would ermit a baby to chew or smoke, eeause I never see one, I've just bout concluded it's because pic- ures aren't allowed in institutions or the feeble-minded. Twenty Years Ago-E. R. Bogardus left last night for Minneapolis for a brief visit with relatives. William Stackable of Okatha, Okla., arrived in the city today for a visit with relatives. Ray Clough visited yesterday with his uncle, John Clough, of Sioux Rapids. C. T. Haskett of New Hampton and Lee Miller of Pasadena, Cal., visited yesterday with Mayor Potter. No trace of the missing Goldthorpe- child has been tound up to a late hour this afternoon PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti--A revolutionary movement against the government of President Guillaume broke out here today at daybreak as rebellious troops attacked the presidential palace and fired upon it for wo hours. The Misses Lois Bryson and Pearl Nye returned oday from a few days' visit with friends in Minneapolis. BETTER THAN ALASKA Cedar Falls Record: How about getting the government to induce some unemployed farmers to "settle" in some of the nation's abandoned clay pits and quarries. About as much sense to that as herding them i n f r . l - l l a n ' b ' A l o c - T i - . i ° into bleak Alaska. Travels Along Nerves. The virus almost certainly enters the body by the nose, and from the nose it travels along the nerves of smell to the brain and central nervous system, l hag an especial affinity for nerve tissue, and particu larly the motor cells of the spinal cord. Naturally^ during an epidemic or the epidemic pe riod, the avoidance of as many human contacts as possible is sensible. With the occurrence of one or two cases in an institution such as a school, it would seem the part of wisdom to close the school. If for no other reason, for psychological ones. The scholars who have been exposed but are still unaffected, often go into a kind of panic, and their return home is imperative on humanitarian grounds. MORE PRAISE FOR MARSHALL Monticello Express: One determined man with intelligence and grit to follow a lead when he scents graft can accomplish much, as Verne Marshall has shown. He did not stop with accusations; he offered proof. TIPPING IT OFF TO G. 0. P. Cherokee Times: Unless better judgment and better counsel prevail than ruled in 1934 the outcome in Iowa in 1936 is apt to be disappointing to those who now believe republican victory to be a certainty. WANTED: A THOROUGH CLEANUP Monticello Express: It is to be hoped a thorough cleanup will be made in the Woodbury county courts --that tbe guilty will be punished, and the innocent relieved from suspicion. EDITOR'S NOTE: six pamphlets by Dr. Clendening can now be obtained by sending 10 cents in coin, for each, and a self-addressed envelope stamped with a 3 cent stamp, to Dr. Logan Clendening, in care of this paper. The pamphlets are: "Indigestion and Constipation," "Reducing and Gaining," "Infant Feeding," "Instructions for the Treatment of Diabetes" "Feminine Hygiene" and "The Care of the Hair and Hlrin " Skin. 1 ONCE OVERS Bj J. J. UUNDT ED.TOR'S MAIL BAG AN EDITORIAL APRECIATED CHICAGO, 111., July 24.--Our Mr. Odle sends me an editorial clipping from your issue of July 11 under the caption "Good Old Railroads.'" I am quite sure that all those of us who are engaged in the railroad industry appreciate the significance of the information contained in the editorial, and have a sense of gratitude for the interested and friendly attitude which this displays. Yours truly, HAL S. RAl. Director of Personnel. C. R. I. and P. Railroad. GIVE YOUTH A "BREAK" You might do something for the young fellow who is trying to establish himself in what he considers his future line of wor,»:. He may be floundering, trying to gain a foothold. Parents may have advised him. but advice from home sources do not make the impression which comes from one outside the family. The fact that you show interest in him and his desire to make good spurs the youngster to a surer success. You may remember the period in your own life when the right sort of advice might have made a great change in you. If you had had good advice you might have gotten started in something that would have meant greater success than that which you have attained. Or you might have learned facts which only hard knocks have taught you. Youag men need the advice and guidance of older, experienced men. It is hard for young men to get a start now-a-days. Often they become discour- , aged failures, when, if someone had assisted at the right time, they might have had a bright future in a chosen work. Too often youth turns down what it can get to while waiting for just what it wants. That is not always good judgment; an older head, could explain it. Ten Years Ago-- W.ss Vera. Sykes and her brother, Burl, 1522 'ennsylvania avenue northeast, left last night for a month's vacation trip to Kirksville, Mo where they will visit friends and relatives. Mrs. J. H. Phillips and Mrs. George Boone of Des koines are houseguests at the G. N Beemer resi- ence, 224 Third street northeast. DUBUQUE--Eddie Anderson of Mason City has resigned from his position as football, basketball and track coach at Columbia college, one which he has held the past three years. Mr. and Mrs. W. G. C. Bagley and son, Bob, returned today from a 3,000 mile trip through the eastern states. Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Williams left today for a three days' visit in Emmetsburg. . M. H. Sims and Lewis Wilson were in Milwaukee, Wis., today attending the annual meeting of the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance company ANSWERS to QUESTIONS By .FREDERICK J. HASKIN, DIRECTOR GLOBE-GAZETTE INFORMATION BUREAU IN WASHINGTON A reader can get tbe answer to any question of fact bj ttrlllnt the Globe- Gazette Information Hurean, Frederia J Haskln, Director, Washlnston, D. O. Fleaui lndos» three (3) cents for reply. TODAY IN HISTORY Jl'LV 25 Notables Born This Date--Maxfield Parrish b 18TO, colorful American artist and illustrator Louis Hasselmans, b. 1878, operatic conductor William Dubilier, b. 1888, great radio engineer and inventor ....Alice White, b. 1907, Lila Lee, b. 1905, Alison Skipworth, b. 1880, cinemactresses Philippe Bunau- Varilla b. 1859 French engineer who started canal construction at Panama and sold the project to U. S. * * * 1909--Louis Bleriot made the first air trip across the English channel, flying a monoplane. * * * · 1894--A naval engagement off the coast of Korea began the Chinese-Japanese war. * * * 1835--The first air travel advertisement appeared in the London "Athenoeum." "FIRST AERIAL SKIP--The Eagle, 160 feet long 30 feet high, 40 feet wide, manned by a Crew of Sev- :nteen, constructed for establishing Communications Between the several Capitals of Europe. The First Experiment of this New System of AERIAL NAVIGATION will be made from London to Paris and back igain. May be viewed from Six in the Morning till Dusk, in the Dock Yard of the European Aeronautical Society, at the entrance of Kensington Victoria-road, 'acing Kensington Gardens. Admittance every day of the Week, ] s." The ship was built by Comte de Lennox, a French -- officer, for a round-the-world trip. It never sailed. ONE-MINUTE PUI/PIT--Let the wicked fall into their own nets, whilst that I xvithal escape -Psalm 141:10. How is the money obtained to car ry on Dr. Grenfell's mission at Lab rador? T. G. The International Grenfell association has an annual budget o $200,000, about half of which i_ covered by endowment. Most of the work, however, is done by volun teers. How many newspapers in Ger many? K. L. M. At the end of 1934 there were 2,623 registered with a total paid circulation of ia,019,400. Why is Oklahoma called the Sooner state? L. G. Those settlers who entered Apri 22, 1889, with the rush, found much of the best land taken up by those who had evaded the guards and entered the territory in advance ot the official opening. These persons who evaded the regulations and thus obtained the best land were known as Sooners. Who is president of the National Tourist lodge and Motor Courl Trade association ? K. L. J. C. Stevens of Jacksonville, Fla., Is president of the organization. How does the number of \vords in a play compare nith the number in a movie? T. W. Five thousand words is the limit of screen play, while an average play for the stage is about 20,000 words. Who assists the Prince of Wales in preparing his speeches? S. W. Advisers, chief of whom is Sir Godfrey Thomas, his private secretary since 1921. What language does the Emperor of Abyssinia speak? G. T. Amharic, the Semitic language used by the ruling caste. Did Sir Walter Raleigh ever come to this country? J. H. No. He made two journeys to South America--one in 1595 and the other in 1617. Did a woman attempt to assassinate Mussolini several years ago? M. K. April 7, 1926, as he was leaving the capitol, where he had inaugurated a surgical congress, an Irishwoman, Violet Gibson, fired at him with a revolver, slightly wounding him in the nose. His assailant appeared to be demented. What is meant by crapulous? W. The word means inclined to be grossly intemperate in drinking or eating or suffering from illness following such indulgence. Do any American newspapers use carrier pigeons for transporting news or photographs? W. A. The New York Journal raised some pigeons on its premises and used them for the first time in carrying photographs from th» steamer Normandie when it arrived at quarantine in the New York harbor. The birds delivered the negatives in about half the time required by other transportation facilities. It is said the carrier pigeon can see for 150 miles in clear weather, and a grown bird can fly 400 miles at top speed. Where is the temple of Five Thousand Buddhas? A. R. Hangchow, China, and contains Buddhas varying in height from one inch to more than 50 feet. Was Jefferson Davis married more than once? I/. D. Married twice. In 1835 he was married to Sarah Knox Taylor, who died within the year. In 1845 he was married to Varina Howell. How wide is the Potomac river at Washington, where it enters the bay? L. V. At Washington, about 2,000 feet wide, and when it enters Chesapeake Bay, about six miles wide. What is philomel? L. C. A poetic name for the nightingale. How does the weight of a man's clothing compare with that of a woman's ? F. M. Average weight of women's cloth- 1°?. 2 1 /* pounds, men's, Sy 2 pounds. In relation to cities la other countries, hi what latitude is New Orleans? S. E. Shanghai, Cairo and Lhasa are in the same latitude as New Orleans. From what height did the six Russian women leap from planes? H. H. At Khimki, near Moscow, the six girls, without o.:ygen apparatus, eaped from a height of 22,000 feet. Who said, "Let reverence of the aw become the political religion of the nation?" B. M. Attributed to Abraham Lincoln. Where was Verdi's n Trovatore first produced? E. M. In Rome Jan. 19, 1853: in the United States, May 2, 1855. How many flights Into the stratosphere have been made? E. J Eleven. The first to be recorded was that of James Glaisher and lenry Tracey Coxwell from Wolver- lampton, England, in 1862. They ascended seven miles in an open Basket. "I picked up a spicv mystery magazine in thr wait- in' room and it was so nasty f feel ashamed ever' time I use spice in cookin,"' \f

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