The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 25, 1935 · Page 1
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July 25, 1935

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Thursday, July 25, 1935
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" HOME E D I T I O N VOL. XLI KIVB CENTS A COPV ASSOCIATED PIUSSS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, JULY 25, 1935 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 244 ·if : I?/ Pioneering Is Fizzle Stewart Says Those Who Succeed Go Voluntarily. By CHARLES P. STEWART . A S H I N G T O N , July 25. (CPA) --Mass pioneering in Alaska evidently is a fizzle. T h e Matan- uska Valley colony is reported in a violent state o f d i s c o n t e n t again. It was In a similar state once before, and that time it waa hushed up, but it doesn't s t a y hushed. The colonist* say they can't stand the hardships. Yet Alaskan Territorial Delegate Anthony J. Dimond describes their kind of pioneering as "pioneering de luxe." Americans use to be able to pioneer. Living, as a small boy, on the edge of what then was Dakota territory, I saw them settle that area at a time when much of it was as unfinished as Alaska is now. They lived in sod houses; they broke the prairie for the first time. The climate there is as severe as the Ma- tanuska Valley's. And they didn't even realize that they were experiencing hardships. In more recent years they seem to have lost the ability to "stand the gaff." AH Fail Now. Since the beginning of the World war I have seen three attempts at wholesale colonization made in more favorable "open spaces" than old- time Dakota, and probably more favorable than the Matanuska Valley, with which I'm not personally familiar. They all failed. The scene of these attempts was the South American Chaco -- a good country, with a rich, virgin soil, well TJateredVand..'npt,excesslyeJy,. though ' '' "'' " ' "" " . , ^ . . . . ·But. it is just as nature'raade' it. The settler not only must build his own house; he must provide his own building materials. He must bake his own bricks, cut his own timber, dig his own well. He must do without telephone or radio or electric lights or sanitary plumbing-. He must create his own civilization and 100 per cent of his improvements. These would-be colonists simply wouldn't do it. Indeed, probably they couldn't do it. They would have died if they had stayed. They were too soft. Led by Kickard. The late "Tex" Rickard led the first party into the Argentine Chaco. It was about 300 strong and well equipped. "Tex" had a concession from the Argentine government and planned to build a cattle and cotton empire in central South America. About half a dozen of his recruits stuck it out and have done well. The remainder deserted and went home. "Tex" lost $1,000,000 on the venture. "Alfalfa Bili" Murray tried it in the Bolivian Chaco. His followers left him bodily within a few months The third group were Mennonites, mostly from Saskatchewan. Pacifists, they had been greatly Outraged by their.. Canadian neighbor's treatment of them during the war. A Norwegian promoter, of the name of Fred Engen, offered to find a new home for them in the "-Paraguayan Chaco. "What's the use?" said the Mejinonites. "Presently Paraguay will have a war, too." (As it has.) "Leave that to me," said Engen, and he got a law passed by the Paraguayan congress exempting Mennonites from customs or other taxation for 10 years and from military service in perpetuity. Flock to Banner. Thereupon the Mennonites flocked to his banner. Engen planned a migration of 60,000 souls; a steamboat line up the Rio de la Plata and Parana and Paraguay rivers and a railroad into the Chaco. One would think that those Saskatchewan Mennonites should have (Turn to Pace 3, Column 2) ISMISS CROFOOT OUSTER CASE Iowa Sheriffs Hear Mason City Police Chief TheWeather FORECAST IOWA: Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday; probably local thundershowers in north portion; continued warm. MINNESOTA: Local showers or thunderstorms probable Thursday night or Friday; warmer Friday along Lake Superior and cooler In extreme northwest. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Thursday morning: Maximum Wednesday 89 Minimum in Night 8 At 8 A. JI. Thursday 75 UTILITY OFFICER SAYS SON GAVE BOX OF CIGARS House Committee Demos Tentatively Agree on New Tax Bill. WASHINGTON, July 25. C.TJ-- Senate investigators, demanding to know if a public utility executive had given a small box to some one just prior to the house vote on the utility holding company bill, were told today that the executive's son had given a box of cigars to Rcpre sentative Patton (D., Texas.) John W. Carpenter, president of the Texas Power and Light com pany, testified his eldest son John had presented the cigars severa! days before the house voted against the administration-favored proposal to abolish certain holding com panics. $60,000 for Lobbying. Meanwhile, the house rules com mittee investigating lobbying for and against the utilities bill received testimony from Hugh S. Mag-ill president of the American Fedcra tion of Utilities Investors, that the organization spent $60,000 in the last six months in the "interest of the millions of investors it repre sents." Of this amount, he said $25,000 was spent against the utilities bill and part of the remainder against the ..Tennessee, valley amendments. A tentative agreement on a hew tax bill to'raise around $200,000,000 a year but which does not in elude the intercorporation dividend tax proposed by the president was reached by house ways and means committee democrats. Heavier Income Taxes. The tentative measure would put iieavier taxes on all individual incomes over $150,000, inheritances over 550,000 left to close of kin, th.: profits that a corporation makes S or 10 per cent on its capital, and on corporation income. The tentative decision to include the last, if it is not overthrown subsequently, is a partial victory for the president. He proposes that the present flat 13% per cent tax on all corporation income be replaced with a graduated levy ranging from 10% to IB?.;. Chairman Doughton CD.-N. C.) of the committee asserted that the range probably will be much narrower than that--maybe from 13'4 to 14." Guffey Bill Argued. While the Guffey bill to set up "a little NRA" for the bituminous coal industry remained locked in a house committee, representatives of Ap- (Tllrn to Page 3, Column fl The Bounty Which Is North Iowa in July! ITALY PROPOSES CONSULTATIONS British Decide to Bar Arms Shipment ot Both Italy and Ethiopia. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS An authoritative source in Rome said the Italian government has asked Emperor Haile 'Selassie of. Ethiopia to renew the consultation of the Italo-Ethiopian conciliation commission w h i c h recently adjourned in the Netherlands. It was added, however, that the Italians wanted the commission lo confine itself to border incidents while the Ethiopians insisted the question of boundaries be taken up. The Italian legation in Addis Ababa arranged to transport the 46 civilian Italians who remain in the Ethiopian capital out of the city. A new note again requesting urgently a session of the council of the league of nations was received from Ethiopia a short time after the publication of an Italian note blaming Ethiopia for the breakdown in conciliation efforts. The British government has decided to forbid the exportation of arms and ammunition to both Italy and Ethiopia, the house of commons was officially informed. Sir Samuei Hoare, foreign secretary, explained, however, that a treaty with Eehiopia gave that country the right to receive arm shipments across territory owned of controlled by the British empire. The foreign affairs committee of the Belgian senate was informed that Belgium will ban arms shipments to Ethiopia Floods, tornadoes, droughts and other things may hamper the growth of crops in other parts of the United States, but in North Iowa, farmers are harvesting the most bountiful crop of small grains seen in this section in many years. Just the right amount of rain :ind sunshine have contributed to an e\ceptional harvest. Above are shown several scenes of farm life in this section of North Iowa. In the upper left Is a "farm- eret" standing in corn which almost submerges her. Most of the corn is at the tassel stage. A field of barley is pictured in the upper right view, the picture having been taken on a farm north of Mason City. In the lower left scene is a farmer shocking' oats, In the lower right picture is Arthur Fickford, Globe-Gazette editor, standing in a field oC waist-high wheat near Owens Grove. In the center is a tractor and binder being used on the Paul Spotts farm past of Mason City.--Pictures by Lock, Engnu-ing by Kayenay. Sheriffs Wife Helps Thwart Jail Breakers Two Cerro Gordo county prisoners remained inmates of the county jail here Thursday because of the prompt action of Sheriff J. M. Robertson's wife in the face of a jailbreak attempt Wednesday evening, but Pete Christiansen, jailer, was suffering from severe cuts and bruises on the head. Joe Morgan, 31, Clearfield, Pa., and Benjamin Kauffman, 29, Minneapolis, were the two inmates who sought freedom by striking the jailer over the head with a flatiron and cord until they believed they had beaten him into unconsciousness. Get 10 Years Each. Thursday morning County Attorney Frederick B. Shaffer brought the two prisoners before Judge Joseph J. Clark who sentenced Kauffman to 10 years in the men's reformatory at Anamosa and Morgan to 10 years in the penitentiary at Fort Madison. Both men pleaded guilty on county attorney's informations. Kauffman was officially charged with "larceny of a motor vehicle," while Morgan pleaded guilty to "larceny from a motor vehicle in the nighttime," a charge which was included under the law defining larceny and setting penalties for it. First Under Law. County Attorney Shaffer had personally urged at the last session of the legislature the adoption of this clause as an amendment to the larceny law. It was thought by local officials that this is the first conviction to be obtained under this new law. Morgan, who stole about S55 worth of clothes from an automobile, at night, thereby violated the same law that he would have had he stolen the property from a building, the county attorney pointed out. This law is applicable only in cases involving more than 520. Smuggled Weapon. The prisoners had smuggled the flatirou, which prisoners are allowed to use on their clothes in the laundry, into their cells. Jailer Christiansen had been led to believe by other prisoners that the flatiron had been returned to the sheriff's quarters earlier in the day. The attempted jailbrcak occurred as Christiansen went into the jail to lock up his prisoners for the night. As soon as he reached the cells about 9 o'clock, the two men pounced upon him and beat him over (Ttit-tt !« race 3, Column 1) NEW DiSORIERS IN IIP.Fit HAUTE National Guardsmen Spurred to Strict Enforcement of Martial Law. TERRE HAUTE, Ind., July 25. UP) -- Renewed disorders involving striking workmen spurred national guardsmen to strict enforcement of martial law regulations in Terre Haute today. A tense situation prevailed about the mill of the Columbian Enameling and Stamping company, where presence of 323 guardsmen produced a scene resembling an army camp. Although the general strike that paralyzed business for two days had ended, 600 mill employes remained on strike while federal conciliators continued attempts at mediation. Soldiers with bayonets on their rifles met with resistance when they tried to disperse a crowd of 3,000 persons milling about Twelve Points, a business district in the industrial section near the Columbian plant last night. A few "kayo" bombs which discharged nauseating gas finally broke up the gathering, which is forbidden by Governor McNutt's proclamation of martial rule. One injury was reported. Mrs. Edward MacBeth, 33, grabbed a soldier's bayonet when he ordered her to move on, and was severely cut on the hands. Arrest of 11 persons brought the total detained by the troops since the strike started to ISO. COL. ROGERS, OWNER OF ONE OF STANDARD OIL FORTUNES, DIES SOUTHAMPTON, N. Y., July 25. (/T)--Col. Henry Huddleston Rogers, 55, inheritor of one of the largest fortunes made in the Standard Oil companies, died today at the Southampton hispital. He had been ill since last October. Rogers was taken to the hospital two days ago from his Southampton summer home for a blood transfusion. His condition yesterday and last night steadily became worse. Colonel Rogers, son of the late H. H. Rogers--a vice president of the Standard Oil companies for years and a chief aide for John D. Rockefeller in the development of the vast concern--suffered pneumonia last October. Davenport Robber Gets Between $400 and $500 in Holdup DAVENPORT, July 25. (JT)--Clarence H. Dose, assistant cashier of the Tri-City Railway company, was held up and robbed of between $400 and 5500 at 9:25 a. m., today in the heart of the business district, by a man who stepped out of an automobile which had pulled to the curb. Dose was on his way to a bank. The holdup man jumped into his car and escaped. NAZIS ATTACKING ON THREE FRONTS Move Against Foreign and Catholic Press and Steel Helmet. BERLIN, July 25. (.T)--The nazis attacked today on three fronts-against the foreign press, against the Catholic press at home, and against the war veterans' organization, the Steel Helmet. A large portion of Germany's press heaped scorn on foreign newspapers for alleged "slander, biased reporting and exaggeration" of the German government's anti-Semitic and anti-Catholic measures. Catholic editors were worried as to how soon Max Amann, the president of the Reich press chamber . and boss of the German publishing I business, would strike against Catholic newspapers which he decides are not edited ''in the national socialist spirit." Police Dissolve Units. Political police dissolved the Steel Helmet units in western Mecklenburg, at Parchim, Ludwigslust and Waren on the grounds of subversive activity. The attack on the foreign press took the form mainly of pointing out that other nations had their own riots. lynching, and such disorders and that therefore there was no cause for them to get unduly excited over disorders in Germany. The nazi party at Baden, "Fuehrer," appeared with a demand that fTnrn t.i J'ncr 3. ( olnmn 1) IOWA IS LOOKING UP (Ralph Ovcrholser in Red Oak Express) Prospects of a bumper crop, coupled with in creased income and enhanced land values, Iowa is ascending to an enviable spot under the economic sun. Optimism, tempered with common sense, is justified by facts and figures. Take a look! Iowa farm income for the first four months in 1933 was 571,835,000. During the same period in 1935 it was ,$160,950,000. Farm income for the first four months in 1935 was 43 per cent more than in the same period in 193-i. The average income for Iowa farm families in 1931 was 52,000. This additional income over previous years, with prospects of even greater income at the ck'sc of 1935 will mean more money flowing into the channels of trade to improve business and aid employment. Ninety-five per cent of Iowa farm land ;s in crops. There are 221,flS6 farms in Iowa this year compared with 214,925 in 1930. The value of f a r m land and buildings was more in 1930 than it is today but the present value of farm land is more than it was two years ago. Investors are looking for good Iowa farms. In your state 99.2 per cent of the people can read and write English. Ninety per cent of Iowa families own an automobile and 72 per cent own radios. New car sales in Iowa the first three months of 1935 were nearly 52 per cent more than the same period in 1934. The value of Iowa manufactured products in 1934 was 5550,000,000. Iowa with 9.6 per cent of its population on relief roles has a smaller percentage in this group r .han 40 other states. The only factor standing between Iowa and prosperity is threatening national legislation which will discourage investors and strangle busiiu-rs. If congress will close up shop and go home, the. farmer will prosper, business will improve and lov;a will recover. We have the "makings." But the pvc'-kicnt and his new dealers must cease tampering with business, curtail government expenditures and cut out the experiments. Iowa is looking- up. Authority on Handwriting Gives Advice Chief of Police E. J. Patton of the Mason City police department opened the session of highest interest on the speaking program of the Iowa Sheriffs association midsummer school of instruction here Thursday afternoon. Eldon Rowe, sheriff of Nobles county, Minn., and president of the Minnesota Sheriffs' association, John R. Hattery, chief of the new Iowa highway patrol, his assistant. Harry Nestle, and Sergt. Leo Allstot of the Mason City police department, were also on the afternoon program. Dunn to Speak. E. G. Dunn, United States district attorney, was scheduled as the speaker at the sheriff's banquet at the Hotel Hanford Thursday evening. Herman M. Knudsou was announced as toastmaster. Minutely describing the manner in which criminals are brought to justice in the laboratory, H. G. Mc- Maude, Des Moincs authority on handwriting and typewriting identification as well as fingerprinting and similar scientific means of rime detection, addressed the delegates at the Hotel Hanford Thursday morning. McMaude illustrated his lecture on identification with slides which pieces of evidence and other articles with crime connection were pictured in a magnified state. Advice on Evidence. The Des Moines man also advised the sheriffs and deputies present how to go about gathering evi dence for trials and cautioned them to preserve evidence--not to touch it with their own hands--in order to save the fingerprints which might eventually prove whom the criminal was. "Have competent witnesses," urged Mr. McMaude, "and present evidence in a thorough fashion, one which will convince any jury or judge you know what you are talking about." He also stressed the importance of photographic exhibits and specimens of handwriting in the presentation of evidence in a trial. "Cap" Wagner Speaks. H. T. (Cap) Wagner, dean of the Iowa sheriffs, addressed the sheriffs on the opening day, Wednesday, speaking chiefly on the boy's friend program. "The most wonderful thing you can do in your community is to sponsor a boy's friend program," said Mr. Wagner. "If wou can head off the potential criminal, you're going- to find your work easier and less dangerous," said Mr. Wagner, who selected his own subject, "Juvenile Delinquency," as one of the most important subjects of his long period of law enforcement. Time in Every Life. "There has been a time in the lives of all of us when but for friendly correction there might have been a different story. Many times as I look back at my youth, I wonder how I ever kept out of jail. It means a lot to a boy in his teens to know that his neighbors and the people he comes in contact with are friendly." Mr. Wagner said that in most of his experience he has found that juvenile cases have resulted from (Turn lo Pacr 3, Cfllamn 2) MCENANEY ENDS DISTRICT COURT REMOVALACTION "our Remaining Signers of Petition Withdraw From Lawsuit. An action seeking the removal of E. H. Crofoot as city manager of ilason City was dismissed "without jrejudice" in the district court Thursday by Attorney Morgan J. McEnaney. Mr. McEnaney acted as attorney for the five local residents who filed a petition July 1, asking that the city manager be ousted. Notice Was Brief. One of these five petitioners who charged the city manager with wil- 'ull misconduct, maladministration, corruption and nepotism, withdrew !rom the case Wednesday. The notice of dismissal was brief, merely stating the case was dismissed in a manner which would permit resumption of the action should that be wanted. The Globe- azette was unable to reach Mr. McEnaney Thursday afternoon to earn the cause of the sudden move .0 dismiss. It was understood that the complainants regarded the .$!,500 bond set by Judge T. A. Beardmore as too high. The signers on the petition were William G. Schrader, who withdrew Wednesday; Walter Hendrickson, Fred Stockberger, H. B. Davis and Edward G. Rose. Got Statements. County Attorney Frederick B. Shaffer, who has obtained statements from some of these complainants which he had referred to the city-couiicilf .stated he. contemplated no"action' at present. "As long as the city council is negotiating- for a new city manager I have no intention of entering into the matter now," said the county attorney. "I have been advised by the council that it contemplated employing a new city manager." The only comment of R. F. lough, attorney for Mr. Crofoot, -as: "I am glad the case is dismissed." IRISH RIOTERS TO BE PUNISHED Finance Minister Indicates Government May Call for Special Powers. DUBLIN, July 25. W)--Minister of Finance John Macintee indicated today that special powers may he demanded by the government if religious strife spreads through the Irish Free State. Expressing regret at anti-Protestant outbreaks, Macintee told the senate that those convicted of "hooliganism" would bear the full weight of the law. He said the disorders had stained the Irish Free State's honor and that the government was prepared to use all its resources to safeguard the property and freedom of all its citizens. For the first time since the strife arose July 12 from the Protestant Orangemen's celebration of the anniversary of the battle of the Boyne, no incidents were reported from Belfast and the military was with- j drawn. .ndustry in Midwest Uses More Workers Than June Year Ago CHICAGO, July 25. MB--Indus- .ry in the five states of the seventh 'ederal reserve district employed 4 per cent more workers in June this year than last, the federal reserve bank of Chicago reported today. Wages were up S per cent, said the report. Compared with 1933, payrolls were 55 per cent greater ;his year, and employment 10 per cent higher. The report covers Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin and Iowa. June's decline from May was traced to lessened activity in the manufacturing industries, expansion in the non-manufacturing roup having been insufficient to offset it. Industries reporting gains both n wages and employment were stone, clay, glass, food and wood products, coal mining and construction. "Everybody's Coin Book" In practically every home there s an old box of coins, trinkets, stamps and souvenirs. Many of the coins may have a market value. Only a few are needed to start the possessor on the way to a valuable collection. To encourage this interesting and ·irofitable hobby among readers of :he Globe-Gazette our Washington Information bureau offers a practical and authoritative handbook on rare and valuable coin?. Historical notes on the development of metallic money; how to read collectors' catalogs; how to distinguish the rare issues. Covers gold, silver and paper money from colonial times. Enclose ten cents to cover cost, handling and postage. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Hasltln, director, Washington, D. C. I enclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for "Everybody's Coin Book." Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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