The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 18, 1935 · Page 9
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July 18, 1935

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 9

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Thursday, July 18, 1935
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TEN MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, JULY 18 ] 1935 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. LBB NBIVSI'AJ'EB Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East Slate Street Telephone No. 380(1 LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL · ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER . Publisher Managing Editor . . City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS WHICH is e*cju«lvel rail to the uso lor publlcaUon ot oil news dispatches credited to It 01 not otherwljo credited In this paper, and all local news. MEMBER, :OWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, wltB 111 Moinu nem and business offices at 05 Shops Eulldlns- SUBSCRIPTION BATES , . . . . . OUTSIDE MASON CIIV AND CLEAR LAKE ta year by carrier ...... 57.00 By mall 6 months ........ J2.25 Per week by carrier ...... S .15 By mall 3 mon hs ........ 51.25 Per year by mall ......... 54.00 By mall 1 month ......... $ -50 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE j cr year ..... 56.00 Six months ----- J3.=5 Three months . -U STATE BARRIERS "In some cities of California they are boycotting the handlers of meats, insisting prices are too high. Iowa might retaliate by boycotting California fruit. Meat may be high in California, but it is not as nigS, considering its food value, as California fruit is in this section of country. T HIS FROM the Webster City Freeman-Journal illustrates exactly what happens when states be gin making barriers of their border lines, either by boycott or by legislative premium upon the use 01 "home" grown or "home" made products. This subject was discussed here recently in connection with the flood of warnings received by Wisconsin as it was about to set up some stiff restraints on the use of cotton seed products. It brought this observation from a reader: "I don't see how you can be for free trade between states and against free trade between nations." No, you're wrong in your guess that this came from Fred Biermann, our fourth district representative in congress, Iowa's free trader No. 1. But it did raise a fair question. The essential difference between the situation with respect to states and the situation with respect to nations is that our American states possess or aspire to the same standards of living. This in turn means equalized production costs and fairness in both com petition and co-operation. In the world situation the American farmer is forced into competition with the peon and the pea sant and the coolie. In the industrial field, Americans with their living wage are forced into competition with the Japanese worker paid as little as 8 cents a day. In this connection, we recall an incident which came to our attention a few days ago in which a Mason City housewife went into a store for a can of ham. She found to her utter amazement that it had been canned in Poland. Polish canned ham in Mason City, Iowa! This situation is hereby called to the attention of our tariff authorities. Obviously there's a gap in the dike that needs repairing. Without a tariff protection, the American standard of living cannot but be lowered to the world level. This problem is not present, at least not in appreciable degree, in our national union of states. EDITORIAL IcOMJPLIMENT D EEMER LEE, editor and publisher of the Estuer- ville Daily News, believes he has found the "ideal subscriber and editorial page fan." To quote from his report: "A woman told the editor a few days ago that she hadn't missed reading a. single editorial on this page in years and that she had agreed with the editor throughout those years without a single exception Now that amounts to coincidence, or something, in the 'n'th' degree. The more average newspaper reader probably agrees with what the editor says about once in as many years. For that lady who, without exception, has found herself in perfect accord with the comment offered in this column we must prepare some sort of a special plaque, give her a luncheon, invite her to ·ping-pong, or otherwise express appreciaton for such almost unbelievable loyalty. We hate to think how very few there probably are, Mrs. , who always agree with us." We think we detect just a slight note of reservation in Mr. Lee's acceptance of the compliment contained in this woman's- unanimous agreement with his views, perhaps even .a. veiled doubt of. her veracity- Knowing Mr. Lee as we do, we're inclined to believe that he would be more pleased with this reaction which once came to the ear of the late Frank Day of the Fairmont, Minn., Sentinel: "I don't agree with a d-n one of your editorials. But I read 'em all." SHORTER POSTAL WEEK F 'S A BIT difficult to understand the opposition from certain administration quarters to the bill proposing a reduction of the postal department's week to 40 hours. Distribution of employment through shortening hours, has been a chief demand in the Roosevelt administration recovery program. Strange it is, therefore, to find Uncle Sam himself playing the role of laggard rather than leader in the movement. There is an abundance of evidence and opinion that the reduced hour plan does not stimulate recovery for the reason that it does not increase buying or consumptive capacity. Brookings economists hold to this view. But that isn't at issue here. The fact is that the proposal is a child of the administration. It ought to rate a respectable "rearing in its own household The measure has passed the house but there seem to be breakers ahead in the senate, breakers set up by administration forces. STAY AS YOUARE, JOHN! JOHN B. CHAPPLE, the fiery Ashland, Wis., editor J who for years has been the uncompromising enemy of the LaFoIlette family, and at the same time, a pain in the neck to a lot of professors of the University of Wisconsin, finally has wound up by enrolling as a student in the institution. "I am at the university to listen, not to speak; to learn, not to teach," Chappie said upon his arrival at the campus. Maybe! · It's a fine resolution on his part, but imagine Chappie, after years of battling the noisy reds in America, sitting by quietly while some statement of economic doctrine offends his deeply ingrained opinion on the subject. One might just as well anticipate that a lion without food for several days would romp and play with a luscious deer. If John Chappie follows his announced plan, there is grave danger that his "education" will spoil him. He is delightful as he is. NOT CONFIDENCE-INSPIRING APPOINTMENT of Stuart Grummon as a deputy " sheriff is not destined to contribute much toward a rebuilding of public confidence in the administration of Sheriff J. M. Robertson. By no test that could be applied is the appointee qualified for this or any other law enforcement position. After sitting back and watching his three former deputies "take the rap for an offending in which he shared the blame, through consent and through formal return on a writ certifying that the court order for the destruction of the machines had been executed, it would seem that the sheriff might have been a bit more circumspect as he proceeded to the task of repairing a shattered prestige in his office. PERTINENT or IMPERTINENT Not even that new invention designed to pick up the world's faintest sound could have detected any applause for the highway commission's diagonal road proposal. It's axiomatic that all Taxes rest finally upon the consumer. Don't be fooled by the claim that a profligate government can be supported by the rich. A number have reported they couldn't hear Hugh Johnson's last radio speech because of static. They're entitled to congratulations. Montana has a law requiring that both applicants for a marriage license be in their right minds. Who's to be the judge ? The new dealers have been handicapped by both the constitution and human experience in their program for America. What makes you think, Mister, that you won't have to pay your share for the new deal's spending spree? , Why not export a few experts as a means of taking the prophets out of current economics? Canada, that country with two seasons: Winter and August. OTHER VIEWPOINTS IF AIMEE AND HUEY MET Berry F. Halden in Chariton Herald-Patriot: Aimee Semple McPherson, she of the publicity-seeking type of evangelism, and Huey Long, he of the publicity- seeking type of demagogery, may stage a debate, so the papers say. It seems as though the much-married Aimee has issued a challenge to the over-egotized Huey for a bit of forensic argumentation upon the comparative power of prayer and legislation to effect economic recovery. And that's just about what one would ordinarily expect from this duet. It ought to go over big with that part of our citizenry with a yen for the burlesque. Aimee, who prays with benefit of press agents, and Huey who legislates without benefit of reason would make a couple of regular jim-dandies to discuss such a question as is proposed. By all means let's have the debate, but let's change the subject to be discussed to "Resolved, That being kidnaped in the Arizona desert is of more benefit toward economic recovery than is imitating a dog at a New York party." It is always safer to talk about :hings you are familiar with. A debate between these :wo headline-chasers would be a sickening show at the best, but if we must have it let's insist that their vocal chords be stretched in the cause of the finer things of life, with "What-a-Man" Hutton--Aimee's ",ast marital casualty--as the third man in the ring. USELESS STATE AGENTS Algona Upper Des Moines: Every so often, usually always, the public is informed in crime stories "that a state agent has been called to investigate." And so they have. They come and investigate, and for what? By the time a state agent arrives on the scene of a crime, the trail is cold. If there are any clews, and if .he local sheriff has any ability at all, all outward clews have been observed and followed. That leaves the state agent with only two possible ways of assisting. He can )ossess enough knowledge of criminology, and enough trains, to really aid in a mental solution or offering of clews as a result of his training. Then, his knowledge of convicted criminals may be such that he can figure out who on parole might have done the job. They're usually on parole, too. But records show that our state agents are sadly lacking in any knowledge of criminology. And again they are usually appointed through political pull, irrespective of parties. Some day that may change. So when we read that a state agent has been called in, we can sigh, and as we turn to the next news item, know that another nice expense account will be turned in for the taxpayer to pay. MORE HARMFUL PATERNALISM Syracuse Post-Standard: Establishment of a "national youth administration" by President Roosevelt is acknowledgement that the nation is following the wrong course. The young men and women of this country want jobs, not support by the government. Its members want to establish themselves in industry and business or agriculture, to start careers, to marry and found homes, to build up competences. Every policy of the government should be devoted to providing and extending opportunities for youth, but instead each year sees a new government agency founded to help them. They do not provide opportunity. First it was the Civilian Conservation corps; then the corps was doubled; now it is a national youth administration. Next year, unless policies are changed, another agency will be needed. 1936 ISSUE CLARIFIED David Lawrence in United States News: The president's letter to Representative Hill of the ways and means committee urging members to disregard their doubts about constitutionality of the Guffey bill, "however reasonable" such doubts may be, removed the last doubt as to what the issue will be next year. It is going to be the constitution with or without a nazi amendment giving the federal government, as in Germany, complete control over manufacturing, production, agriculture, mining and distribution. WHX SLOT MACHINES FLOURISH Fenton Reporter: Unfortunately, the urge to gamble in one form or another, seems to be an inborn trait of nearly everyone. It matters not whether the chance to win is one in a thousand or fifty-fifty, there are very few people who won't risk the small sum ol a nickel or a dime in the hope of winning some "easy money." A MEANINGLESS^ EXPRESSION H. C. Hill.in Osage Press: Somehow the phrase it's old enough for permanent retirement, but More important no speaker or writer who ever used it really "back to the people" raises my hackles. For one thing meant it. He wanted the authority, power, benefits- whatever he happened to be discussing--changed a\. right, but he didn't want it to go to the people. DAILY SCRAP BOOK By SCOTT BULLDOq WAS BRED FOR FiaHtTHCJ INSTEAD OF BE1H5 A PEf I6TS CENTLlRy HOUSE- iu AMERICA- YORK-TOWN, DANDY OF THE. -fURKANA "ffelBE OF AFRICA 15 FAR-fTc-ui-^Ri-v PROUD oF rll$ HAIR.- HE -THE HAIR OF Hi$ ANCESTOR'S WOVEK H I S OWN ANP PACKEP WITH Copyright, 1035, by Cental Press Association, Inc. "7~!8 DIET and HEALTH Dr. clendenlng cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of general interest, nowever, they will be taken up, in order, in the dally column. Address your Inquiries to Dr. Logan Clendening, care of Tne Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. ------^^-- Bj LOGAN CLE.VDENING, M. D. -----QUICK TAN MAY MEAN BAD BURNS T HE SUN always has been considered by man to be the giver of life and health. From the earliest days of recorded history in Egypt the sun has been worshiped as a deity. And certainly sunlight, as we have frequently pointed out in this column, is health giving and beneficial. It is good for many skin diseases, including acne. It is very necessary for babies because it prevents rickets. It produces vitamin "D in the body. At the same time, excessive exposure to sunlight when one is not used to it may have serious consequences. Burns are divided by the surgeon into those of first, second and third degree. Sunburn is usually considered to be the first degree, involving only the superficial layers of the skin, but since second degree burns are defined as those which have inflammation with blisters, it is obvious that sunburn may be of the second degree. Dr. Clendeninir Quick Tan Brings Misery. The fellow who goes on a short vacation and wants to get as much tan into it as possible, is liable to make himself very unhappy and profit very little from his vacation period. I concur in the recommendations of Jerome W. Ephraim in a magazine article for July, when he prescribes sun baths as follows: "Begin your sun baths by exposing the entire body for a. maximum of 15 to 20 minutes the first day. In persons of average sensitivity, this will produce a slight reddening or minimum perceptible erythema, as the ultraviolet ray experts call it. Wear dark glasses to protect the eves. Extend the times of exposure by five minutes each day for the next 10 or 12 days (brunets can safely increase this dosage)." Burned on Cloudy Bays. Some of the worst sunburns occur on cloudy days because the heat is diminished, you feel cool, and do not become apprehensive of the effect -of sunlight. Treatment of sunburn, whether mild or severe, }s usually with some form of oil or grease. It makes very little difference whether this is olive .oil or vaseline or special preparations. Another good preparation is calamine lotion. This is a standard product in the National Formulary, and can be obtained from any drug, gist. It is soothing and antiseptic. The prevention of sunburn with oils which afford some protection from the ultraviolet rays is quite feasible. There are many preparations of this kind on the market. Notables Born This Date--Richard Dix, born 1896, and Maurice Chevalier, born 1899, cinemactors Lupe yelez, born 1909, cinemactress Herman Hagedorn, born 1882, poet essayist and biographer... .Laurence Housman, born 1865, poet and essayist Philip Snowden, Lord Iconshaw, born 1864, who rose from laborer to chancellor of the exchequer in Britain's labor government Charles C. "Chick" Evans, Jr., born 1890, old time golf champion William Makepeace Thackeray, bom 1811 in Calcutta, destined to become an unsuccessful lawyer, a fair artist and an immortal author. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG COMMON SCHOOL COMES FIRST DES MOINES, July 13.--I thank you for your kind and choice comments about my elevation to the presidency of the National Education association. YOU hit the nail on the head when you gave emphasis to the common school. There are many difficult problems ahead, but I am cheered by the interest and support being given me by my friends and co-workers here in this state. I hope to carry on the program in such a way as to reflect honor and credit upon them. Yours sincerely, AGNES SAMUELSON. 1861--Military aviation had its beginning in America. Prof. T. S. C. Lowe, 28, a native of Jefferson, N. H., who had volunteered the use of his exhibition balloon by the army without arousing much interest, ascended near Manassas, Va., and discovered the position of the Confederates then converging on what was to be the scene of the Battle of Bull Run, but the federal commander McClellan mishandled the information. Lowe was the first man to send messages from the air to the ground, using heliograph and telegraph. * * * 1672--The first man to make gin wag a Netherlander, Prof. Franz Sylvius, physician. The name is an abbreviation of genievre, the French for juniper. Juniper had been used for flavoring beverages since the invention of juniper wine by Count de Morret, illegitimate son of Henry IV of France. * * * 64 A.D.--On the 454th anniversary of the sacking of Rome by Gauls, fire destroyed 10 of the 14 regiones of Rome, "capital of the world." It started among wooden booths at the Circus Maximus. This is the fire that all authorities after Tacitus tell us was started by Emperor Nero, whom they picture as madly fiddling while Rome burned. There weren't any fiddles them, and Tacitus tells us that the fire's origin is uncertain. EARLIER DAYS Belnc a Dally Compilation of Interesting Items from the Ten. Twenty and Thirty Years ABO Flies of tho Globe-Gazette. Thirtv Years Airo-Mrs. Belle Howard of Chaplin, Mo., arrived in the city today for an extended visit with, relatives. Mrs. B. F. Robinson of Armstrong is the guest of relatives at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Alba Miller. Superintendent Kershaw, general superintendent ot the air brakes on the Milwaukee road, was in the city Loday on business. Mrs. W. W. Hunter returned to her home in Northwood today after visiting at the home of M.r. and Mrs. Barnes on Sherman street. Burr G. Williams of Washington. D. C., was in the city yesterday for a brief visit with his brother-in,aw, Charles Barber. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kinney left today for a week's visit and outing at Lake Okoboji. Mrs. Charles Winter returned last night from LaCrosse, Wis., where she has been visiting; Mrs. .Thomas Nolan has returned from Clarion where she has been visiting, her daughter, Mrs. Pat Keefe. Prof. Coleman Adams, /who has been here since the races giving the lovers, of the manly art a series of lessons on how to use the dukes, left today for Port Huron, where he will continue his work. Twenty Years Ago-MILLEDGEVILLE, Ga.--Leo M. Frank, serving a life sentence for the murder of Mary Phagan, an Atlanta factory girl, was attacked and his throat cut by William Creen, a fellow prisoner, at the state prison farm here today. Mrs. John Conner was a visitor in the city yesterday. Frank Willey of Minneapolis transacted business in the city yesterday. Hugh Crawford left today for Osage where he will visit friends. Vincent Owen is visiting with the William Rich family at Elroy, Minn. Miss Grace Downing of Ornaha is visiting for several weeks with her parents in the city. Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Hahn and family returned last night from a several days' visit with friends at Fairmont, Minn. Mr. and Mrs. H. R. Lloyd of Chicago arrived in the city today to spend a vacation here and at Clear. Lake. Ten Tears Ago-CHICAGO--For years a spectacular figure in baseball, j Walter "Rabbit" Maranville today was named manager of the Chicago Cubs, succeeding Bill Killefer. Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Drake and daughter, Frances, 28 Carolina avenue southeast, left today for their summer lodge at Pine River, Mian. :Fred Randall and Jay Decker have gone to Canada for a two weeks' fishing trip. IDr. and Mrs. A. E. Eberhart, 812 Washington ave- nut northwest, have as their guests, Mrs. Eberhart's mother, Mrs. J. A. Colby of Forman, N. Dak., and her sister, Mrs. D. K. McPherson of Aberdeen, S. Dak. H. W. Wente of Waterloo is in the city on bust ness for a few days. Mrs. J. C. Martin, 209 Madison avenue northwest, is on her way to Bergen, Norway, where she will visit with her parents. Mr. and Mrs. Hanford MacNider are making a several weeks' trip through the east. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Lee and family left today for Declo. Idaho, where they will visit with Mr. Lee's parents for two months and then go to Tacoma, Wash., where they will make their future home. Mrs. Guy C. Goodsell, Mrs. R. E. Patton and son, Milton, and Mrs. F. V. Hunger of Minneapolis visited here the past few days with Miss Ida Schrack, 160S Pennsylvania avenue southeast. Dedicated to tho Cause of Bringing the Joy and Inspiration of Good Verse Into tno Lives of Hank and File lowans. By 1.0V MALLOBX LUKE, Hampton T ENORA Speyer was born in England in 1S72. Ee- « fore her marriage to Sir Edgar Speyer she was professional violinist. During the war the Speyers lived in this country and abandoned their title at that time. For many years Mrs. Speyer interpreted her moods through the violin and thus came to poetry well equipped with rhythmic values. LOVER OF CHILDREN When my little girl plays Beethoven Sonatas, The big. black Steinway flashes all its teeth at her In a broad, good-natured grin: And suddenly I hear a deep, rumbling, beautiful roar of laughter. Reprint. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons, which need no repentance.--St. Luke, 15:7. OBSERVING mi get a pain out of the pro- ?3gjpl£ tests of the president's fam- ·sSE^ ily against having pictures taken. Even if they didn't engage themselves in almost every sensational activity short of flagpole sitting, they would be news--big news. It's just one of the penalties paid by those who occupy the highest position at the command of American voters. By staying off tile stump and out of coal mines, the first lady would be able to minimize that penalty. The children too could cut down on it by an avoidance of divorces, speeding, attendance at prizefights, and caddying on golf courses. But a complete escape is not possible. And Tm not sure that it's deserved. I have in mind Greta Garbo who in the past has succeeded in obtaining increased publicity by seeming to dodge the cameras. Of late the cameramen have been taking her at face value--letting her alone. Guess what has happened. Greta has been posing voluntarily! _o-- jagb. recommend with all the sin- Pgjgg cerity at my command the OS?" advice contained in the following paragraph out of the current bulletin of the Iowa fish and game commission: "If worries beset you, burdens weigh you down and money matters plague you--go fishing' Maybe you won't catch a fish. Maybe you won't get a bite, Go fishing anyhow, for it's the best known remedy for the blues ever invented. Sitting idly in the shade with a fishing pole in your hand you will find yourself reflecting on pleasant things, and wholly forgetful of everyday worries. You'll rest your mind and body, and you'll find yourself at peace with the world. Chances are that before the day is over you'll discover that the things you are worrying about are never going to happen anyway. If the president of the United States can sidestep his job long enough to go fishing, then any Iowa citizen can do the same thing. This country doesn't go to pot when a president goes fishing, and neither will your affairs become all tangled up when you go. What you need--the only thing, in fact, that most of us need--is a dose of fishing. It's the world's best medicine." guarantee the police depart- g ment some business if it will ' a patrolman over to River Heights drive almost any night around midnight. The hideous howl of rubber on pavement will herald the approach of a speeding motorist around the relatively easy curve of the drive.. Often the first speeder will be followed by another for this particular stretch of paving has become something of a race track. No serious accidents yet but there are some in the making. ---fc. am confident that people IjSsk generally will feel that in SS*" the loss of their positions, the three deputy sheriffs involved in the slot machine sale have been penalized aplenty. I would not laugh off or minimize the mistake made by them. Not at all. But I would invite attention to the fact that these three officers did not indulge in the "pay-off" system of protection for slot machines which has shown its ugly head at numerous other points in Iowa. Repeatedly they turned thumbs down on this opportunity to supplement appreciably the all too meager income they were receiving. That would not have been their course if there had been an essential criminality in these three deputies or the sheriff who gave sanction to what they did. I regard the slot machine episode aa one mistake on a background of years of excellent service on the part of these deputies. If a lesson was needed, it has been learned. Who among us hasn't one mistake in his record ? I sincerely hope that no barriers will be placed before them in their comeback efforts. nave found evidence lately the alphabetic code is original creation of the new deal, extensive as its utilization of letters has been to identify its multitudinous agencies, authorities and bureaus. It really has its beginning at the dining room table, I am persuaded. Not long ago in a burst of candor at one Mason City table, some interesting facts with respect to this code of which I speak were developed. M. I. K., it seems, has had an almost universal use, meaning "more in kitchen." But the warning of restraint for the home appetites represented around the festal board has shown up in at least three letter combinations. This surprised me. I had supposed that F. G. S. (family go slow) was the one and only authorized version. But W. M. insists, with affidavit, that F. H. B. (family hold back) has fully as much historical background and authority. R. P., on. the other hand, contends that F. G. E. (family go easy) is superior to both in tradition and subtlety. --o-never before saw exactly this version of Voltaire's famous assertion, clipped from an article by A. Swanson in the Chicago Tribune: "I do not believe a word you are saying, but I would yield my life to preserve the liberty which, allows you to say it." Who knows the exact wording 1 of this famous quotation? Where In. i (. Voltaire's works does it appear? For years we have been falsely ascribing a weather saying to Mark Twain. Maybe it wasn't Voltaire who said the foregoing! ANSWERS to QUESTIONS By FREDERICK J. HASKIN, DIRECTOR GLOBE-GAZETTE INFORMATION BUREAU IN WASHINGTON A reader can Ket the answer to any qnestlon of tact by writing the Globe- Gazette Information Bureau, Frederic J. Hasltin, Director, Washington, D- C. Please Inclose three (3 cents for reply. Where were the Toonerville Trolley comedies filmed? F. D. Fontaine Fox says that they were filmed on location at Betzwood, Pa., on the tracks of an old abandoned trolley line. Has American tourist trade In France declined? E. K. Dropped last year from 300,000 to 100,000 persons. Will anything talte the odor of onions from the breath? F. D. Physicians discovered that by washing the mouth with Dakin's solution, made by dissolving a 4.6 grain tablet of chloramine in water, the breath is completely deodorized. What does the label, Aqua-sec, mean in wearing apparel? L. G. That the fabric is waterproofed. Who designed the Vanderbilt mansion, Biltrnore, near Asheville, N. Car.? A. B. Richard Morris Hunt. What is the source of allantoln? M. A. This substance is found in the allantoic fluid of the cow, in the urine of sucking calves, in the leaf buds of the maple, and the bark of the horse-chestnut tree. It may be formed by treating uric acid with boiling water and Pbo2. Does the bride stand at the right or left of the bridegroom? A. V. At the left of the bridegroom during the marriage service. In what battle were the most combatants lulled in proportion to the number engaged and length of time of fighting? J. L. At the battle of Namasigue, during hostilities between Honduras and Nicaragua in 1907. This battle is said to be a world record in respect to the proportion of casualties ol the number engaged compared with the actual time of fighting. Three thousand or more were killed in a few minutes of actual combat. Hoiv many Negro fighters have held championships? D. H. From heavy to bantam weight, 10. Give short history of sugar cane culture in this country. C. S. Cultivation of sugar cane was introduced into the region now embraced in the United States by some Jesuits in 1751. They planted it near New Orleans and in 1758 a sugar mill was built. The first sugar was made in 1764, but the industry never could be brought to a complete success. When Louisiana was handed over to Spain in 1769 sugar making ceased. It was revived in 1795 through the efforts of Etienne de Bore, and from that time it has grown steadily into vast proportions. What kinds of wood are used by the wood carvers of Switzerland and Germany? D. T. M. Generally . mountain pine, basswood, walnut. Who selects names for new highways? H. B. The bureau of public roads says highways are no longer distinguished by name but by number. When was the Lncia torpedoed? J. P. This American vessel, equipped with buoyancy boxes in order to make her unsinkable, was torpedoed by an enemy submarine Oct. 17, 1918. She remained afloat 24 hours before sinking. What organization was known as the Pewter Muggers? E. J. P. This was a New York faction of the democratic party which was opposed to Tammany candidates in 1828. Their meetings being held in a Frankfort street resort over pewter mugs, the name was affixed by their opponents. Where is the lowest point in West Virginia? L. H. At Harpers Ferry, 260 feet above sea level. Is Germany mostly Catholic? X R. Two-thirds Protestant, one-third Catholic. . . . :J , i m "I hate flies in the house the same as Pa does, but when it's his bald spot they're tormentin,' he can do the swattin.'" V

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