The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 21, 1936 · Page 4
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, January 21, 1936
Page 4
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, JANUARY 21 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. \V. LEE lamed Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State Street Telephone No. MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRKSS which :» exclusively entitJcd to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or hot otherwise credited la this paper, and all local news. MEMBER, IOWA DAlLV P£K8B ASSOCIATION, with Des Moiccs news and business oLLlccs at 405 Shopa Building. SUBSCIUPX1ON KATES Ma*on City and 6lear Lake. Mason City aod clear t,aKe, by tho year 57.00 by the week * -15 OUTSIDE MASON CITY AND CLEAR 1AKJB P«r year by carrier ..... s?,ou By mail 6 months ,*.,., $2.25 Per week by carrier S J5 By mat! 3 months , $1.25 Per year by mail ....... S4.00 By mall 1 month $ .50 OUTSIDE 100 MII-E ZONE Per year....JS.00 Six mcaths,.......$3.25 Three months...81.75 TEAKS FOR A KING /TiHE entire civilized world will have a tear for the ·*· passing of Britain's King George V. Accident of birth made him king but his own sterling character and essential kindness made him the world's most ·universally beloved monarch of the quarter century in which he occupied the British throne. Long ago British kings' were stripped of their power. Their duties are of a distinctly perfunctory character. For the most part, the royal family ha evolved into a mere glamorous remnant of the rega authority which reached its fullest flower long belon the Windsor line established itself in England. It's a fact hard of understanding in this country where every person counts himself the equal of every other person--but a fact nevertheless--that Britons the English notably, enjoy feeling inferior to somebody else. This, alas, seems to have become the principal function of royalty in their scheme of things. By all the rules, therefore, King George should have conformed to this innocuous pattern and become ao animated unit in the glittering setting. But that isn' the fact. Because of his energy, ability, personal magnetism and notable honesty of purpose, be exercised an appreciable, if not dominant, leadership over his subjects. King George will have his page in history as thi monarch who ruled over Britain in its dark days o a world war and the even darker days of reconstruction following upon that world convulsion. His roll in the various undertakings, some of them abortive it's true, to end armament competition and usher in an era of peace among nations will not be soon forgotten. The new king comes lo the throne under the most favorable portents that could be imagined. As prince of Wales, he has disported himself into a status of immense personal popularity. He has not taken himself or his station too seriously. But the mantle of responsibility now placed about him undoubtedly will change him as to this, as it did Britain's last King Edward, whom the new ruler most resembles. King- George lived a long and a full life. He had reached old age, an age when man's machine is prone to wear out. The tragedy of his passing is the same 'tragedy which attaches to this natural phenomenon which some day must separate all of us from our loved ones. It is indeed a fortunate circumstance that his scepter falls to one who in world opinion and respect is so eminently qualified to receive it. LOOK OUT r BELOW J WHAT OP YOUR BONUS? rpHERE'S so much of kindly good sense in this counsel on what to do with your bonus that we are passing it along to World war veterans among our readers. It was written by F. A. Moscrip, venerable editorial writer for the MarshaUtowu Times-Republican, as widely known and universally loved as any active journalist in Iowa today: "Yes, buddy, the bonus is on the way. You borrowed half, didn't you? What did you do with it? What are you going to do with this half when you get it? You've a wife and children. Are you going to buy a, used car and go joy riding or make a down payment of a home, get it into a business, something permanent? Pay off debt and be free? Will it be easy money to you? Or a life saver? You are getting old. You are past 35. And a man is usually on the way to success or to failure at that age. You want it. The boys all want it. Don't let somebody tell you otherwise. You are going to get it. But what you do with it is the most serious part of the cathop. "Take it when it comes and make the best of it. Don't get the idea that the Christmas tree is never to play out. Don't figure on 200 Towusend dollars a month. You know this can't go on. Make the bonus when you get it mighty serious money instead of easy money. Make it work with you and for you. To see that the children have their chance, that the wife never shall have to take in washing, to maintain credit and self respect. Make it serious. Because there will never be another bonus. The keg's dry. "Take note of this: The biggest reason that the bonus bill is going over big isn't because it is actually due. For it isn't. You know it. The real reason is that the country has concluded that if every appeal for federal spending is to be listened to and granted you boys are as much entitled to your diwy as those who never cocked a cannon. That's the real reason that the country is accepting the bill. It would rather you'd have it than to see it burned up in TVA and the like. "You'll get it. That's only the beginning. What you do with it is the biggest part of the whole smear." HOW EFJffciENT? rpHOSE of socialistic leanings invariably cite the postal service as the quintessence of efficiency. And their corollary is that if the government can handle this one service with such a marvelous efficiency, why not extend the governmental arm into every other line of business? For a long time the challenge of this premise went unanswered. But of late, there has been more of a disposition to deny that there is anything of superhuman economy or efficiency in the postal service. In fact, the exact opposite is charged. An example of the thing referred to here is contained in Herbert Hoover's book, "The Challenge to Liberty," as fol lows : "Socialists are fond of eulogizing the postoffice as a great example of successful socialism. That the government should control the mails for reasons of confidence is not denied but that private enterprise could collect and deliver the mail for three- quarters of the present cost is obvious to anyone competent to study the subject. One thing- is a cer- . tainty. That if all industry through the inescapable play of political and bureaucratic action, were reduced to the efficiency of the postoffice, we should fail within a few years to produce sufficient to feed, clothe and care for our pe'ople." What we've written and reproduced here is not adduced in disparagement o[ the postal department, We regard it as the most efficient of governmental services. But we weary of the frequent citation of this governmental branch as a final argument for a socialistic intrusion of government into the realm of private business, in departure from the pattern used to bring- America to its present greatness. It must be hard at that for the newcomer tq understand why the contents of*a ship are a cargo while the contents of a car are a shipment. Robert Qulllen definition of a teacher: A girl L .signs up to teach until June if she doesn't get a chance to marry at Christmas. The petroleum Industry ought to wear Santa Claus whiskers. It pays 12 per cent of all the taxes collected in America. That fl'-i hour transcontinental flight proves that high flying- has at least one good place--aviation. We never were sold on the idea thaf a Harvard accent makes much of a hit with an Iowa farmer. If the choice must be between Woodrow Wilson and Senator Nye, we'll throw in with the former. The-senate vote on the bonus proved, among other things, that it's election year. Simile: Well rehearsed as a Major Bowes program The PROS and CONS TRIBUTE TO A FORMER MASON C1TYAN Washington Post: On Jan. 9, 1859, was born a little girl destined to become a leader in two great world movements--women's suffrage and peace Growing up in an era of hoopskirts and Victorian prejudices, she nevertheless set out at the age of 2" to earn her own living. She went about it quietly but with determination, a spirit which has marked all her varied activities. Organization rather than emotionalism has ever been the watchword of this quiet, methodical crusader who, in 1930, received the Pictorial Review annual achievement award as "The American woman who has contributed most to the nation's life in letters, art, science, philanthropy or social welfare." Today, at the age of 77, Carrie Chapman Catt still has her eyes trained on future attainments rather than contentedly enjoying the memories of her many past achievements It seems peculiarly appropriate, therefore, that the name of Mrs. Catt should head the list of those serving on the national committee on the Cause and Cure of War, which convenes in this city Jan. 21. For this is an intelligent, farsighted group of peace workers averse to the snare of short cuts and futile panaceas. It aims, through educating the public mind and conscience, to "build effective peace machinery reduce war machinery, and obtain guaranteed security against war for every nation." International peace will hardly come within the remainder of Mrs. Catt's life span". But if its attainment is ever to be realized, it will have to be along the lines of her reasoning. And that is a calm and rational study of the problems at hand quite as much as a passionate faith in the goal to be reached. WHO'S MOST TO BLAME? .Swea City Herald: There is considerable grumbl- .ng about "six old men" ruling the country. Opposed to this view is the one that suggests some five hundred congressmen and senators, a president touted as laving the attributes of a Moses, and a brain-trust hat was supposed to know all the answers among:hem should have sufficient acumen to frame a farm bill which would come within the limits of the traditions we have been living- by for some 160 years So what? HOPELESS OUTLOOK Dubuque Telegraph-Herald: To all intents and purposes the government is barred from grappling with nationwide emergencies. If the administration can work out any practicable plan for agriculture, in view of the court's decision, it will be a feat comparable to loudini escaping from a straitjacket while suspended *rom a skyscraper. WILLFORD CLEVERNESS Marshalltown Times-Republican: Mr. Willford beat the gun by resigning from the Waltons before its demand for his resignation could get to him. The incident of the fisheries' official who went fishing is ancient historv. CAUSE NOT YET LOST Cherokee Times: The cause of agriculture is- by no means lost. In fact, it may eventually develop that it will profit by what seems temporary defeat: that out of this will come plans and a program of legislation :hat will be more permanently helpful and profitable to agriculture. ONE EMPLOYER'S%IEWPOINT Fairmont Sentinel: Probably painted finger nails do contribute to the abundant life. Let us not be too harsh but just the same when a job is open around this joint no painted finger nails or rouged lips need apply- LIVES NEEDLESSLY SACRIFICED Wisconsin State Journal: Six young lives have been sacrificed, within an area of 00 miles of Madison during the past week through collision of sleds with automobiles. CONCEALMENT, NOT REVELATION Keokuk Gate City: Some of the figures in the budget preeentation may be useful, but, taken as a whole, it is no trustworthy guide to the government's financial future, and that is the actual purpose o£ budget. A PUBLIC OWNERSHIP THOUGHT Emmetsburg Tribune: If public ownership of electric power becomes universal, over twelve billion dollars' worth of property will become tax-exempt, and this tax burden will be transferred to other property. ALL CAN AGREE ON THIS Clinton Herald: President Roosevelt wishes a short session of congress, a desire which even a liberty leaguer may support without compromising his convictions. MINNESOTA'S UNENVIABLE POSITION Council Bluffs Nonpareil: Minnesota is close to the top among- our states in its deplorable domination by underworld elements. LINDBERGH REGRET Osage Press: Lindbergh has doubtless wished many times that he hadn't made that successful trip to Paris back in 1927. MOST USELESS PAIR Knoxville Express: The most useless pair in politics is the. fellow who doesn't vote and the one who is dissatisfied with both parties. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG CRITICAL OF HENRY WALLACE MESERVEX, Jan. 20--By resorting to subterranean methods, the new deal is responsible for one sweet mess. Those who expect "farm leaders" (of the Walace-O'Neal-Tugwell type) to help anyone, other than ;hemselves and their bureaucratic henchmen, better uess again. Corn loans were said to be beneficial, but "strings" were attached. Suppose the city council should today decree, in new deal fashion, that gaso- ine prices are below "parity," and would loan city 'unds to filling station operators at 39c per gallon. Would that be right and honest? It was NOT Wai- ace's money that was loaned! ("Honesty is the best policy.") The rate of $2.25 per cwt. was levied on logs under the AAA (deceased) but the MAXIMUM jenefit payment for 1936 was to have been Sl-25 per lead. This provided ONLY S5.50 for expansion of mreaucracy out of the lax levied on each, and every, :00 pound hog". Is it surprising that bureaucrats and farm leaders" want a new program ? K_ CLARENCE RU1GH DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott NOT PIN/ MONEY/ CHINESE *PU MONEY" USED IN 700 B.C WAS A ME-TAL-foKEN IN -THE SHAPE OF A SHIRT*-- -"THE CHINESE ALSO USED MONEY, AND REDUCED fc x 9f yyr / V .Jt-S-'ri ····§$}* :Jff JAMES F)SG,WHO ,Pr RANABOXING- '" ·* SCHOOL IN ENG" ,- ,; LAND, WAS RE- / / C06NIZEO IN / 17/9 / * AS-THE: FIRST "CHAMPION OF -rtlE KNIFE HAD DISAPPEARED- 1-21 '** j: /"ILDUCE," WHICH MFAN? , ; '-THE LEADER" IS NOf AN f OFFICIALTrTLE BLJ-f AN AFFECTIONATE NICKNAME (SlV/feN PREMIER MUSSOLINI BY HIS FACIST COHORTS 1 IS PRONOUNCED *£EL DOOCHAV' Copyright. 19:56, by Central Prcis A«ociation, Inc.. DIET and HEALTH By I-OCAiV CUE.VDEMNC, M. D. HOW M.UCH PROTEIN IN DIET? W E SAID yesterday that the body is composed of certain chemical elements. The science of biochemistry has reached the place where we can determine these elements very definitely, including the amounts of each present. One of the two fundamental functions of diet is to furnish these compounds in order that the body may maintain its tissues. Except for water, the compound which weighs the most in the body is albumin, or protein. This is the foundation of animal tissue, and is present in the muscles and in all organs and tissues. It is what Huxley called "the physical basis of life --protoplasm." There are 22 pounds of albumin in the body. This is broken down very slowly under ordinary circumstances, and only a very small part needs to be replaced daily. Or, Clendening T ' ie '" A "° P r °tl ems °f protein in the diet are, first, how much should be taken a day and, second, what form of protein should be used. Answering the first one, it is natural that a growing body, in infancy or childhood, will need more protein per day than the body which is stationary. Just how much the adult body, which is in nitro- enous equilibrium, requires, has been the subject of a great many experiments. The object is to determine low little protein can be used and still maintain the body at its regular weight without suffering any sense of weakness or ill health. The most famous of the experiments was that of Chittenden, who chose a group of laboratory workers going about their work, and then a squad of soldiers at light gymnastic work ana light duty, and, lastly, a group of university athletes at hard physical exercise. In these groups the protein content of the diet was lowered very gradually, watching the iveight and nitrogenous equilibrium. Chittenden found very little difference in the protein requirement of the three groups. In other words, hard work did not raise the necessity for protein if the energy needs of the increased work were fulfilled. This latter is accomplished by liberal use of sugar, starches and fats in the diet. Chittenden's figures showed that for a man of average weight--150 pounds--about 53 grams of protein, or something like two ounces or one-eighth of a pound (avoirdupois weight), is sufficient. This, of course, is far below what most people ordinarily take in their diet. You would get half of that in an ordinary Jamb chop. Still Chittenden's experiment showed that people apparently function better on this amount than with the surplus which our diet ordinarily contains. A growing child requires twice as much proportionately to his weight. The question as to what form of protein should be used divides itself into the old argument between animal and vegetable proteins. It is possible, by careful selection, to furnish all necessary protein from vegetable sources, but it is neither economical nor wise to attempt to do so. It is much better to add such animal proteins as are contained in milk or eggs, provided one's scruples do not allow one to eat meat. PLEASE NOTE--Dr. clendenins cannot diagnose or Rive personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of general merest, however, they will he taken IIP. in order, in the daily cojumn. Address your Inquiries to Dr. Logan CJendfnJnr, care of Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. ONCE OVERS By .F. ,1. .Vtl'.VDV EARLIER DAYS FBOM OLOBE-fiAZETTE FD.ES Thirty Years Agro- Mrs. J. R. McLaren left today for Minneauka, N. Dak., after an extended visit with her sister, Mrs. C. H. Keiclle, of this city. Dr. Garrick returned today from Minneapolis. ORMOND-DAYTONA, Fla.--With the tire of his tear wheel gone before the fortieth mile. Clifford Barp, driving a 90 horsepower English car, today broke the world's record for 100 miles, making the distance in 1 hour, 15 minutes, 40.4 seconds. Mr. and Mrs. Peter Anderson returned today from Aredale where they visited relatives. Senator Gale is in the city for a few days visit. Miss Helen Watsorx visited yesterday at Sanborn. Mre. W. R. Daggett of Ottumwa is In the city and will remain here for six weeks. · Twenty Years Ago-JUAREZ, Mexico--Although sought by three Carranza columns, Francisco "Pancho" Villa, Mexican rebel chieftain, has found time to marry and go on a honeymoon, it was learned today. The girls' basketball squad won over the Decorah girls last night at Decorah 14 to 13. The lineup for the local squad was Eunice Cotton and Elsie Johannsen, forwards; Marie Crawford and Susie Lehman, guards; Marjorie Johannsen, center, and Sophie Lehman, center guard. Judge W. R. Hayes and Harold Knapp went to Knoxville today on business- Matt Carroll of Hinsdale, Mont., was in the city visiting friends yesterday. Joe Goss is in Chicago attending a furniture show which is being held there this week. Miss May Casey of Charles City was here visiting friends and relatives yesterday. At the thirtieth annual meeting of the Farmers Mutual Insurance association of Cerro Gordo county last night the following officers were elected: C. R. Hamstreet, president; J. L. Stevens, vice president; Frank Paul, secretary; J. E. Treston, treasurer, and C. E. Dawson, Mr. Hamstreet and Mr. Stevens, executive committee. Ten Years Ago-CHICAGO--Martin Durkin, dapper police slayer who was captured in St. Louis with his bride yesterday, was returned to Chicago today to face charges of killing a government agent Oct. 11. He was also charg-ed with the killing of Sergt. Harry Gray of Chicago, also in October. Three prisoners, who had a few hours previously signed confessions admitting they had burglarized the Chambers Music house, last night broke out of the city jail by digging bricks up from the floor and scooping away the sand beneath the bricks. DES MOINES--Dr. Raymond A. Pearson. Iowa State college head, announced today that on request of the state board of education, he had reconsidered his resignation and would stay at Ames. Basketball scores last night included the following: Coe 29, Cornell 17; Central 65, Western Union 22, and Lawrence 18, Marquette 17. TOMORROW SHIRKING RESPONSIBILITY Y OU SPEND a lot of your time in ratling at what you call the hypocrisy of those who take the lead in any undertaking. You would not accept responsibility in the way of office or work of any kind because then you could not find time to sneer at those whom you call "the morons at the helm." Xou don't acknowledge to yourself that any such reason actuates your criticisms but it is true that you would rather complain than work. For instance, you won't go to the polls and vote. You say that your little vote would not affect the general results. But when your kind is multiplied by thousands, it makes all the difference Detween good results and bad ones. For one thing, it is easier to take up a hue and cry than it is to study ;he reason for the dissenting voices. You don't want ;o charge your mind with the difference between this or that one's attitude toward the questions of the day. You follow the "bell sheep." If the bell sheep is going .n the wrong direction, you don't know it. It's better to go slow in taking up others' opinions and study enough to evolve a few of your own. SCIUFTUr.AI, THOUGHT- Peace be within thy walls, and prosperity within thy palices.--Psalm 122:7. Notable Births--Yehudi Menuhin, b. 1917, California born prodigy violinist Margaret Rose Val- liquiette, known as June Knight, b. 1913. stage and screen actress .... Constance Collier, b. 1878, actress i .... Raymond L. Ditmars. b. 1S76, nation's most fa- ' mous authority on reptiles Francis Bacon, b. 1561, more famous for something he didn't do. than for any of the great things he did. He didn't write Shakespeare's plays, as many claimed, but he did write immortal books which were as cj chal in science and learning as Shakespeare's play 'n the theater . . . . Elkanah Watson, b. 1758 in Plyn luth. Mass. He was in his fifties and a rich merchan and farmer, when he organized the country's first i sfriculturai society (Berkshire county, Mass..) and orii'-nated the idea of the county and state agricultural fal ; (Albany, N. Y.) .... Sarah Wentworth Apthorp. b. 1 /59 in Dorchester, Mass. At 40 she became the first American novelist. She was the wife of Perez Morton, speaker of the Massachusetts house of representatives, and the novel, The Power of Symphony, or The Triumph of Nature, was a true story. Jan. 22, 1916---The Grand Duke Nicholas, demonstrating again his genius as a commander, successfully carried through the first phase of an offensive against the Turks in the Caucasus. He hammered them out of fortified positions in the Aras valley and drove them back on their greatest fortress, Erzerura. Jan. 22, 1753--Jean, Countess of Roxburgh, died at 96, after a solitary widowhood of 71 years. Her husband went on a voyage and never came back, but throughout the 71 years Fhf believed he would. Hcr's, is not. hownver. the record widowhood. Agnes Skun*-' 1 . also English, died at 110. after having survived her husband 92 years, without remarrying. OBSERVING IOWA STACKS UP WELL IN FIELD OF AVIATION .p--j^ assume that those who fol- SsS^low aviation will be interest- *5S?""ccl in the information just given out by the bureau of air commerce at Washington that there were on Jan. 1, 1936, 14,805 pilots and 7,371 aircraft holding active department of commerce licenses. This represented an increase ot about 1.000 in the number of pilots and a similar increase in aircraft since Jan. 1. 1930, when there were 13,949 licensed pilots and 6,339 licensed aircraft. Unlicensed aircraft (bearing identification numbers only) were less numerous at the beginning of 1336 than a year before. There were 1,701 unlicensed aircraft on January 1, 1936 as compared with 1,983 on January 1, 1935. The total of all civil aircraft in the United States on January 1, 1936 was 9,072, as against 8,322 a year before. Among the 14,800 persons holding pilots' licenses as of January 1 were 7,186 transport, 909 limited commercial, 5,961 private, 746 amateur and 3 industrial pilots. (New licenses no longer are issued in the industrial grade.) The licensed pilots included 410 women classified as follows: Transport, 71; limited commercial, 29; private, 256: and amateur, 54. In Iowa are 146 licensed planes. 39 unlicensed pilots, a total of 180. Pilots total 188. Minnesota has 134 licensed planes, 03 unlicensed planes and 232 pilots. New York leads in the number of aircraft--937--but California has by far the largest number of pilots--2,611, compared with New York's 1,444. Oh yes, Iowa has 6 gliders, Minnesota 18. There are 3,435 gliders in the entire country. SOME QUOTED SUGGESTIONS FOB OUR LAWYER FRIENDS. noted with interest the re- of an American bar as- ommittee in which newspaper^ came in for some rather pointed criticism for their sensational handling of certain criminal trials. While I recognized the truth of some of the claims and the- validity of much of the censure, I felt that the story was only half told without any mention of the bar's part in the condition about which complaint was being made. I cast about for the material for a rebuttal when I happened upon an editorial by Harry Boyd in the Cedar Rapids Gazette which con- tained these specific suggestions to the lawyers: "Let lawyers present their cases :n the lower courts in the same subdued, deferential manner they would employ in presenting a ease to the supreme court of the United States. "Let them do what they can to see that only judges worthy of such courtesy are permitted to serve on the bench. "Let them conscientiously try to select jurors on 4 basis of intelligence rather than of mental vacuity. "Let them eschew melodramatic grandstanding in the courtroom and present their cases ona rational rather than an emotional basis. "Let them avoid all dilatory tactics and strive to carry out the intent of the law rather than try to squeeze through its loopholes." "There are a good many other things," Mr. Boyd added, "lawyers could do to help create a courtroom atmosphere that would command respectful treatment at the hands of news reporters. For that matter, these things might eventually prevent crimes Serious enough to inspire sensational trial reporting. "Reforms of this kind would be right dov/n the bar association's alley. After the association has done everything possible to reform lawyers it may have time to undertake its proposed reformation of journalists." --o-"TURN RIGHT ON RED" SUCCESS IN HOUSTON interested to note how a plan of making- right turns on the red light has worked out in Houston. The Texas city adopted the regulation two years ago as a result of the success with the maneuver in New York, Detroit and Los Angeles. "Our experience with this turn," said A. C. Winborn, corporation judge, who handles the city's traffic cases, "shows that it is a convenience for both vehicular and pedestrian movements. Originally we were afraid that it might be hazardous. In operation it proved to be a safety factor." "The right turn on the red is a protection to pedestrians crossing with the green. The regulation has reduced our intersection fatalities. "The right turn on the green is made without a preliminary stop. When this is- the only legal right turn drivers will hurry around the corner to avoid being delayed by the red. Pedestrians suffer." Answers to Questions, By FKEDERIC ,T. HASKIN PIJSASE NOTE--A reader can get the answer to any question or Jact by writing Mason City Globe-Gazette Informn- lliin Bureau, Frederic ,1. Hasfcin, Director. Washington, U. C. Tlease Inclose, three (3) cents tot reply. Do English drink more tea than Americans? D. D. Per capita consumption of tea in England, 9 pounds; United States, three-quarters of a pound. Can a brick building be moved? L. M. The national bureau of standards says that a brick building can be moved without being wrecked. Generally, steel sills are placed under the walls and the building lifted by hydraulic jacks. It is then moved on steel rollers on special track. What color is Mrs. Hoover's gown in the National Museum collection of gowns worn by mistresses of the White house? J. B. A pale green satin gown. How many "gags" used by radio each year? C. W. About 100,000 gags. Movies and what is left of vaudeville also use a large number. Where does "Abyssinia" come from ? J. H. N. From the Arabic, meaning "mixture." Where will the Olympic winter games be held? O. B. In Germany, at Garmisch-Parten- kirchen, Feb. 6 to 16. Is granite harder (han marble? J. S. The National bureau of standards says granite is much harder than marble as the two stones are of different mineral composition. Marble is composed of either calcite or dolomite. Mineralogists rate calcite as 3 and dolomite as 3.5 to 4. Granite consists mainly of feldspar and quartz--feldspar is rated from 6 to 6.5 and quartz, 7. Is the china purchased for the wiiite house by the Kposevelts their property? ,T. S. No. It is part of the equipment of the executive mansion. Was Sir Anthony Eden. Great Britain's new foreign secretary, in the World ivar? R. L. · He left college to enter the war and at the age of nineteen was the youngest adjutant in the British army. Before he was 21 he was the youngest brigade major. Will yon give the bit of doggerel that propounds the theory that little fleas have lesser fleas upon their bucks to bite 'em? Jf. F. So, naturalists observe, a flea has smaller fleas that on him prey; and these have smaller still to bite 'cm; and so proceed ad infinitum. (Jonathan Swift). What is an outwash plain? J. L. Composed of sands and gravels washed out from beneath glaciers when the margin of the ice temoineci stationary for a considerable length of time. Bo\v many I". S. amateur radio operators? K, W- Nearly 50,000. What was (he Kilt aw flap;? R. B. A crimson banner presented u: 17SQ to Col. William A. U'asniiiSlon by Miss Jane Elliott of South Camma, whom l a t e r he mariied. The I flag was carried at the balties o! i Eutaw Springs and Cowpens. It is now in the possession of the Washington Light Infantry of Charleston. How many species of birds in U. S.? G. S. There are 1.420 species and subspecies of birds known to scientists in U. S. and Canada. Is the word, Italian, correctly pronounced with a long or short "i"? E. A. K. Short as in the word, it. Did any president before Abraham Lincoln use the pocket veto? A. G. According to a compilation ot presidential vetoes by EcHvarH Campbell Mason, the earliest pocket veto was given by President Madison, H. R. 170, first session of the twelfth congress, relating to naturalization. President Jackson gave 7 pocket vetoes; President Polk, 1; and President Buchanan, 3. How old must a tree be when the first laver of cork is removed from it? O. G. About 20 years old. The first crop, called virgin.cork, is of poor quality. The tree is stripped at intervals of eight or ten years. Cork cut from a tree about 40 years old is the best. If the operation is skilfully clone, the tree is unharmed and lives about 150 years. How does the number ot coin collectors in the United States compare with the number ot stamp collectors? i,. S. Coin collectors, 3,000; stamp collectors, 250,000. For Household Thrift Have you made your financial plan for 1936 ? If not, the task will be made easier by the Globe-Gazette's Household Budget booklet. A copy of this useful service booklet is ready for every reader at our Washington Information bureau. A ruled accounting page for every month. Practical guidance on budget making; typical budgets for every income; pointers on savings, insurance and investment Printed on special durable paper to preserve records indefinitely in cither pencil or ink. Thirty-two pages packed with practical thrift hints. Essential in every home. Inclose 10 cents to cover cost, postage and handling. Use this coupon: The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose herewith 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for a copy of the new Household Budget booklet- Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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