The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 21, 1936 · Page 1
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January 21, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 21, 1936
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-.1 C - lilON E B ' 1 3 ME -M « A f{ 1 :. f- f T OF i * . ~ u * i .': " · . NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS IJSASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 21, 1936 TJUS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 90 ROYAL FUNERAL TO BE NEXT TUESDAY New Ruler of Britain Edward Was Fairly Well Known in . Washington. EDITOR'S NOTE: Charles P. Stewart is thoroughly familiar with British royal procedure, having been chief of a news bureau in London for four years. By CHARLES F. STEWART. A S H I N G T O N, (CPA) -- King Edward VIII, as h e undoubtedly will be called (Edward is the first of his sever- a l b a p t i s m a names) was fair ]y well known, a; the Prince o I Wales, in Washington. That is to say he paid two or three visits to Uncle Sarn's cap ital, and while they were short, he attracted plen- _._. v ty of attention. On each of these occasions he was a guest at the white house. . He was an informal specimen of royalty--lunched at the presidential table in a very ordinary business suit, rather baggy, in the English fashion, and somewhat in need of pressing. In at least one instance he had on a colored shirt with a soft collar. And a bowler hat, as they describe it on Piccadilly. He was dressy enough to wear spats, how- eyet. ' . · No£_ Interview-able. ie prince" never" was interyiew- , but'hemade speeches at banquets. I don't recall that he ever did so in the United. States, indeed, but he aid in many other parts of the world. He considered it part of his princely job to .boost Britain's export trade and he was good at it. And although he turned a deaf ear to the questions of newspaper scribes, he was extremely accommodating to news cameramen. Probably he was afraid of being misquoted but realized that he photographed attractively. . Visited Long Island. Except for his calls at the white house his highness made no appearances in Washington society but he spent a week or so, several years ago, as a guest of some of the smart set on Long Island, during which he attended numerous tony functions. The girls he met all appeared to like him immensely. He was nice to the girls, too, from all accounts. · Why he still remains a bachelor must puzzle them. It puzzles the English, anyway, and the chances are that, with his coronation, it will begin to annoy them. A bachelor prince was all very well, but a bachelor king upsets every past precedent since Queen Elizabeth--and she wasn't a king, either. Coronation of George V. I was a correspondent in London myself at the time of the coronation of the incoming monarch's father. King George, and of the latter's wife. Queen Mary. Through Lord Kitchener's fault It was a fizzle as a pageant. His 'lordship had charge of arrangements for the parade. Fearful that the crowds would become unmanageable he had barricades built across all streets intersecting the line of march, intending to close them when he thought the throng had reached reasonable proportions. The populace, however, didn't like the idea of being cooped in thus, and the result was that only the skimpiest kind of a turnount materialized. Became Popular Killer. Kins George nevertheless developed into a popular ruler. In reality of course he did no general ruling, but, for all that, he had more or less actual political influence. His judgment was good and his ministers gave heed to his suggestions. He was not very spectacular; young Edward is likely to arouse more enthusiasm than his father did. Queen Mary, now becoming the queen mother, had a reputation while still a princess, for maintaining the upper hand. Gossip was that she was severe with husband, family and household at times. But as a qucon she became known for her regal dignity. Death of Edward VTI. The death of the present Edward's grandfather, Edward VII, was much like that of his son, King George. He succumbed to an attack o f ! bronchia! pneumonia, which m a d e ; short work of him, but was not rec- ; Iowa's High Court Upholds Duckworth DECLARES JUDGE GUILTYOFERROR Lawyer Not G u i l t y of Contempt Refusing to Testify. DES MOINES, Jan. 21. (.T)~The Iowa supreme court ruled today that Max E. Duckworth, former Woodbury county attorney, was not in contempt of court when he refused to testify against Attorney General Edward L. O'Connor. The ruling, written by Justice W. K, Hamilton of Sigourney, held that District Judge Earl Peters', who presided at O'Connor's gambling conspiracy trial at Sioux City, erred when he cited Duckworth for contempt and sent him to jail. All justices concurred in the opinion, which pointed out the question of whether a witness waives his constitutional immunity by testifying under subpena before a grand jury had never been determined before by the Iowa supreme court. He Claimed Immunity. Duckworth claimed "immunity when called upon to testify in O'Connor trial concerning an alleged slot machine protection syndicate involving the attorney general. He declared this testimony might incriminate him and said that he testified before the Woodbury county' "graft" grand, jury .under threat of Indictment if he failed to do so. In upholding Duckworth, the justices said that "where a witness is subpenaed before a grand jury and gives testimony, that such testi mony is not voluntary" and that immunity is not waived. Havner Is Overruled. The court also overruled Special Prosecutor H. M. Havner's contention that Duckworth, having testified-once in a criminal action, could not refuse to testify again. The opinion held that a grand jury invest!* ·ation and a trial in open court are two different legal actions. Grand jury proceedings are secret, :he justices said, and "what is said :here the public is not privileged to hear." They did not rule on Duckworth's claim of duress and coercion in connection with his grand jury testimony, declaring: "We do not find it necessary to determine this question." 38 Days in Jail. The former county attorney, who, faced by disbarment proceedings, recently surrendered his certificate to practice law, spent 38 days in jail on the contempt citation. Termed a "key witness" against O'Connor by the prosecution, Duckworth was cited Nov. 19. After two hours in jail he was ·eleased pending the court's decis- on on whether it would review the citation. On Nov. 23 former Chief Justice . W. Kintzinger granted the review, ut vacated the stay order which tept Duckworth out of jail. Duckworth was released Dec. 30 but required to post bond to be for- eited if he failed to answer sub- pena in a retrial of the O'Connor :ase. Th e release was "pending fur. ther ruling of the supreme court." 3ickmson Urges His 6 Point Farm Plan WASHINGTON, Jar.. 21. (IP)--Re. .dvocating his six point farm plan as a solution to the farm problem, Senator L. J. Dickinson (R., la.) charged that the "only definite conclusion" of the Roosevelt administration since invalidation of the_ AAA was a determination to con-" tinue farm subsidies until after the election. Iowa Share of Bonus Around 40 Millions DBS MOINES, Jan. 21. W)--Estimating Iowa's share of the bonus at around $40,000,000, R. J. Laird, department adjutant of the Iowa American Legion, estimated that about 75,000 Iowa veterans would receive adjusted service certificates if the new bonus bill becomes a law. ON THE INSIDE HENRY WALLACE Court Orders Justice Questioned by Wallace ON PAGE 11 The World Mourns a King--An Editorial ON PAGE Manslaughter Trial in Court at West Union ON PAGE 7 Funeral for Wesley's Oldest Resident Held · · · - · · · · - · · · ' ON PAGE 7' ·- Emmetsburg Child Is Burned to Death ON PAGE 2 Iowa Court Upholds Theater Bank Nights ON PAGE 12 WPA FundT Allotted for Adult Education ON PAGE 12 IOWA MERCURIES GET ON UPGRADE Bitterest Cold Spell This Winter Begins to Relax Grip. DES MOINES, Jan. 21. (IP)--Iowa temperatures were on the upgrade today as the winter's bitterest cold spell relaxed its tenacious grip. Zero readings and above were mere in order today as compared with the sub-zero marks of aa low as 30 degrees' below zero which opened the week. The weather bureau here forecast rising temperatures in western Iowa tonight and over the entire state to- lorrow. Last night's low was 10 below at Spirit Lake while Charles City had an official reading- of 6 below, and other sub zero marks included 6 below at Mason City, 3 below at Waterloo and 2 below at Sioux City. Snow fell this morning at Charles 'ity and Davenport. The weather bureau forecast more snow for the northern part of the state late tonight or tomorrow and in the south portion tomorrow. T/z^Weather ognized as particularly serious until almost t h e end. (I was in London "covering" the story at the time). The king even smoked a cigar a few hours before dying. Father and son alike were chunky FORECAST IOWA: Mostly cloudy, snow in north portion late Tuesday night or Wednesday and in south portion Wednesday; colder southeast, rising temperatures In west Tuesday night; rising temperatures Wednesday. MINNESOTA: Occasional light snovr probable Tuesday night and Wednesday; rising temperature in northwest Wednesday afternoon. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 2t hour period ending at 8 o'clock Tnuesday morning: Maximum Monday 8 Above Minimum in Xight fi Bdoiv At 8 A, M.. Tuesday 1 Below The upward swing of the mercury was well under way Tuesday although the temperature still lacked men, of the build to lend itself to I several degrees of being what could pulmonary illness. i b e described as sultry. SPENDING AIMED TOWARD SOCIAL SECURITY BEGUN House Adjourns for Day Out of Respect for Late King. WASHINGTON, Jan. 21. (.T)-Congress embarked today on the long, spending trail aimed to lead to "social security." With the expensive bond bonus redemption bill expected to go to the white house tomorrow, a committee recommended to the house that 542,664,000 be appropriated to finance the security plan through the first six months of 1936. It had been estimated $52.500,000 would be needed to help the aged alone, 58,000,000 to aid the young and 54.000.000 for the blind. As in the bonus instance, no taxes to pay the costs were included. Senate in JKccess. The senate was in recess and the house adjourned without transacting any business out of respect for the late King George. So consideration of the new appropriation had to await its turn along with the proposed neutrality and farm relief legislation. Little difficulty over ultimate approval was expected. The security funds were included in a $58,204,000 deficiency appropriation bill. The committee recommended permission to pay off more than $40,000,000 in. federal cotton loans out of funds already available to the treasury. I The house resolution, offered by [Chairman McReynolds- (D., Tenn.l of the foreign affairs committee said: Sympathy Is Expressed. "Resolved, that the house of representatives of the United States of America has learned with profound sorrow of the death of his majesty, George V, and sympathizes with his people in the loss of their beloved sovereign. "Resolved, that the president of the United States be requested to communicate this expression of sentiment of the house of representatives to the government of Great Britain. "Resolved, that as a further mark of respect to the memory of King George the house do now adjourn." Wallace Seeks Action. A militant demand by Secretary Wallace "for practical and immediate action" on the farm problem by congress and the administration today preceded a white house conference on plans for replacing; AAA. Openly questioning the "justice" of the supreme court's action in ordering $200,000,000 of impounded processing taxes returned to manufacturers, Wallace said the money New Monarch of Great Britain KING EDWARD VIIL New King Flies to London to Hear Parliament Give Its Oath of Allegiance By G. H. (Copyright, ANDERSON The A«SMlalcd returned "in most cases already had j declaration: LONDON,- Jan:-21-- The new title, King Edward VIII, was used for the first time tonight when parliament met to swear allegiance to the eldest son of the late King George V. The new king, the former Prince of Wales, came to Londan dramatically by airplane--the first English monarch ever to fly--12 hours after :ie saw his father die in Sandringham house, 300 miles away.. Capt. the Rt. Hon. Edward Algernon Fitzroy, speaker of the house of commons, was the first to take the j oath. He swore "allegiance to his majesty. King Edward VIII, his heirs and succerrors, according- to the law." Council Takes Oath. Then he signed the roll. The next to take the oath were Prime Minister Baldwin, Neville Chamberlain, chancellor of the exchequer, and Sir John Simon, home secretary. The public use of the title followed a meeting of the privy council at which the 41 year old king had given his declaration and received the councillors' oath of allegiance. The privy council session was at St. James palace. The council, which was in session just under an hour, : heard Edward intone this age-old and the councillors pledge their allegiance to the new sovereign. Pomp and Ceremony. The meeting took place with all the pomp and ceremony of traditional ritual. Only a few members of the cabinet were especially summoned to at- j tent) the regular council session but throne--are QUEEN MARY BEARS DP BRAVELY UNDER HER BEREAVEMENT Body of George V Removed to Little Parish Church, Will Lie in State in Westminster Hall From Thursday Until Funeral Time. By CHARLES T. NUTTER (Copyrin''!. 13:1(5, hy The AjtMidllted I'rcia.) SANDRINGHAM. Jan. 21--The body of King George V was started tonight on the slow journey which during the next few days, will permit thousands of his former subjects to view the face of the dead sovereign for the last time. The body was removed from Sandringham house, where George died at 11:55 p. m. yesterday, to the little parish church. George's eldest son, the Prince of Wales, already hart gone by airplane to London to take up the scepter relinquished by the 70 year ; age" today. 'ed guard over the bndy to stay there all through the night. The funeral of King George V will be Tuesday. Jan. 28, in St. George's chapel of Windsor castle in London. The body will lie in slate in Westminster hall from Thursday until the time of the funeral. The beloved old sovereign died, as he had always wished, in the quiet and peace of bis Norfolk country estate just before midnight last night, with the family he loved at his side. An official announcement said the bereaved queen mother. Mary, was "bearing up with magnificent cour. old king;. Escorted by Guards. ! The body ot George, in a coffin, ·,vas taken on a hand bier escorted by a detachment of grenadier ;uards through sleet and rain. The king's piper played a wailing lament as the procession moved along the church walk. The members of the royal family made the journey by automobile. Six workmen of the Sandringham estate carried the coffin from the death chamber to place it on the bier. They were dressed in corduroy breeches and leather jackets. The workmen themselves mount- today a. group of more than 300, including one woman, Margaret Bond- field, a labor leader, were allowed to attend. Prime Minister Baldwin headed the arriving councilors, whose automobiles blocked the mall for a quarter of a mile. The lord mayor and aldermen of the city of London, wearing levee dress and also mourning known as 'weepers," mingled with the cock- hatted, sworded and buckled government heads and church dignitaries garbed in ecclesiastical pur- residence, were ple. Pilot at Controls. been passed on to consumers or back to farmers." Joining President Roosevelt and Secretary Wallace at the white house were Attorney General Cumming-s, Chester C. Davis who administered AAA, Secretary Morgen- thau and congressional chieftains. Several Developments. The meeting was only one of several developments during the day dealing with the farm problem: The house appropriations committee. included in a deficiency bill an allotment for paying cotton growers holding AAA contracts for their 1935 crop, the difference between the market price and a 12 cent guarantee. It was estimated from .540,000,000 to 550,000,000 would be needed. The committee cut the budget bureau's request for .54,250.000 for the potato control act to 51,250.000. Substitute Is Offered. Davis forwarded to Senator McNary, the republican leader, an administration substitute for his measure to authorize a 5300.000,000 appropriation for production-control benefit payments prior to AAA's invalidation. The substitute would authorize an appropriation of 5237,544,550, mak- ng- $236,185,000 available for rental and benefit payments and administrative expenses incident to their determination and payment. It also would authorize a sum equal to the unexpended balance of funds heretofore established in the sugar control act-- 51.359,550. King Eilwnrd Swears. "I. Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David, do solemnly nnd sincerely, in the presence of God. profess, testify and declare that I am a 'faithful member of the Protestant Reformed church by law established in England, and that I shall, according to the true intent of enactments which secure the Protestant succession to the throne of my realm, uphold and maintain said enactments to the best of my powers, according to law." After his entrance into St. Jame's, through streets lined with thousands of subjects, the new king went to Buckingham palace to see his brother, the Duke of Gloucester, with whom he talked for half an hour. Gloucester is ill with a cold. Afterward he went to York house, his official residence as the Prince of Wales, to attend a meeting of i naval, military, police and royal household officials to discuss the arrangements for the ceremonials of the next few days. Proclamation Wednesday. His proclamation as king will be given tomorrow morning. The body of the late king will be brought to London Thursday. King George's body will be laid in state in Westminster hall from Thursday until next Tuesday. Jan. " 2S, when it be taken "to St. Auto Injuries Fnt.il.. VERMILLION". S. Dak., Jan. 21. .·T 1 '--Injuries suffered in an auto- irain crash four miles west of F.Ik i St. James' for the so-called Point were f a t a l to Clarke Russell I sion meetin Of. Mcrril, Iowa. George's chapel of Windsor castle for the last funeral rites. From Westminster hall to Padding-ton station, a full state procession will accompany the body. The dramatic modernity of Edward's morning flight gave way lo mec'ieaval pageantry in the late afternoon. The privy council assembled in ncces- at which the kin The new King, modern to the last degree, took off at 11:40 a. m., (5:40 a. m. CST) from the Bircham, Newton, airport near Sandringham on the 100 mile flight to London with his brother, the Duke of York, heir-presurnptive to the throne. Although Edward flies his own plane, his private pilot sat at the controls for today's flight. He and the Duke of York had worked with palace officials throughout the early morning, drawing up final plans for King George's funeral and the new king's formal accession. A big crowd was assembled at the airdrome to see the new monarch. Welcome Is Silent. They saw Edward's sleek-bodied, red airplane glitter in the morning sun, circle wide over the airdrome, then come down to a perfect three point landing. Since cheers could not be raised, the welcome was silent. Men took off their hats and women curtsied. Dense throngs lined St. James street and other thoroughfares leading to St. James palace to watch Edward's first entrance as king. Bells tolled and guns boomed in London and throughout the empire, signaling "The king is dead! Long live the king." Ships Fire Salutes. An hour after the bell of St. Paul's cathedral began its mournful dirge, his majesty's ships, whether at home or abroad, began firing tightly drawn. Undertones of Grief. The huge bowl-shaped "Whispering Gallery." of St. Paul's cathedral throbbed with undertones of grief as the vast church was packed with . special memorial ser- mourners at vice at noon. The sobs of women mingled with the solemn chanting of the choir intoning the twenty third psalm, "The Lord Is My Shepherd," A human touch showing the nervous strain under which the new king was burdened came when he stepped out of the royal coach at St. James's palace. Hatless, he walked briskly into the palace between the stiff-backed sentries who stood at "present arms" with their rifle bayonets glinting in the sun. A moment later, the new king hurried back to the car to retrieve a package he had forgotten. The guns in Hyde park boomed dully across Whitchill as tens of thousands of spectators watched the car vanish into the palace rounds. Wait Patiently Outside. They still stood, patiently waiting outside, hoping to catch another glimpse of their new king--emperor. The new king's first public notice, issued at Buckingham palace, read: 'The king commands that the court shall wear mourning for nine months from this day for his late most gracious majesty, King George V, of blessed memory. The court is tc chang-e to half mourning, Tuesday, July 21. next.'' The formal coronation of the new king, in accordance with precedent, will not take place until more than a year hence, when the mourning period will have ended. The 70 year old K i n g George was crowned more than 13 months after his accession in 1910. Tolling bolls and booming salutes of 70 rounds--one for each year of the late king's life--from guns ashore and at sea symbolized the a sudden ill- Jl:r5 o'clock guns at minute intervals in honor of the late king. Every British ship and naval establishment throughout the world lowered colors to half-mast, to remain there until George is laid to rest at Windsor. The bells of St. George's chapel re-echoed at Windsor, near London, where one of the saddest tasks of her life befell the Duchess of York. The late king's only granddaughters, Elizabeth and Margaret Rose, retired last night without knowing their grandfather was (lying. This morning, the duchess who is convalescing f?om influenza! pneumonia, had lo loll them. niinils Tightly Drawn. The blinds of the roynl lodge at Windsor Great Park, where the m o t h e r and daughters --second and World Shares Sorrow. With the vast empire and virtually the entire world sharing their sorrow, the princess royal, only daughter of King George and Queen Mary, and other members of the royal household went to Saint Mary of Magdalene's church this morning for a holy communion service. The service was conducted by the archbishop O f Canterbury who only a. few hours before had given a last blessing to the dying king. Unlike the remainder of the countryside, where flags whipped at half-staff in a strong wind, the royal standard on the little church flew from the top of its pole. A symbol of the last half of the slogan, "the king is dead.' Long- live the king!" the standard always flies at full staff, signifying that the British empire is never without a ruler. Weep and fray. The late King George, four days after he contracted ness, succumbed at . _ . . . ,,,, (5:55 p. m. CST) last night to complications arising from a severe cold, bronchial catarrh and a heart weakness--a burden too heavy for the frail form to bear. Steeling themselves for the double ordeal of burying the dead king and proclaiming the new sovereign, Queen Mary and her children wept and prayed over King George's bier as the empire of 400 000,000 subjects waited to do him homage. After comforting his mother, Queen Mary, in their hour of grief, the 41 year old Prince of Wales' conferred with court officials this morning- before hastening- to London to be acclaimed King Edward VIII. Respecting their privacy, the saddened subjects nnd neighbors of the bereaved family left them to their sorrow. From high and low, from all parts of the earth, came messages of condolence. Broadcasts were discontinued, and London crowds were hushed. Resf.s Before Altar. The court decided to transfer bis majesty's body to St. Mary of Magdalene's church here late in the day to rest temporarily before the altar, as did the bodies of his mother, Queen Alexandra, his brother, the Duke of Clarence and Avondale, and his youngest son. John. The church, only 600 yards from Sandringham house, is connected with the royal residence by the footpath over which the late King George and his queen walked on their way to and from worship. The youngest son of King George and Queen Mary is buried in the church. Confers Willi Brothers. The estate stirred anew with ac- mourning of a nation and an empire. | Uvity, after the hush of the king's Business at Standstill. The business life of Britain came largely to a standstill. The stock exchange and commodity exchanges were closed, but little more than a brief suspension of business was expected, for the death of the monarch dying hours, as the servants prepared for the last departure of their master. The new king conferred with his brothers and court officials concerning funeral arrangements. Interment take place at iit^Luu, 101 Lne ueam in LUC mouarcn .... . , : . · - - did not affect basic business condi- ! X' n 2. s ° r ' A usl \ vrat ° f London 0,1 lions. the Thames, and scat of one of the Many theaters closed voluntarily. | lr ^° n ^°^ l j^^:. and many persons decided to observe the mourning period rigidly with the royal family, although the new king was likely to issue a request that amusements King George probably will go to his last resting place in a vault there bpsiflc the bodies of his father. King Edward VII, Charles I and Henry VIII. activities be carried on unintcrrupt- i Hc . r ? '" ? ' orfolk;i _ np ar the Weak cd ' I coast 300 miles northeast of London, ' the neighbor-subjects mourned the passing of the country squire. and all other normal When King George's father, King Edward VII,'died in H110. the court issued a nntire that the public was expected to "put themselves into decent mourning," which consisted sportsman, churchgoer and family man they had known for years. Devotion to jjufy. black ties nr black arm bands f o r ! Elsewhere in the empire, it was 1 makes his first official declaration ' third in the line of succession to the men. and black or grey dresses for ! King George's women. 'which inspired devotion to d u t y British,

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