The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 6, 1933 · Page 11
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December 6, 1933

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 11

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Wednesday, December 6, 1933
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DECEMBER 6 ·· 1933 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE ELEVEN Better Schools Better Social Life NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS (THIS PAGE EDITED BY ARTHUR PICKFORD) Better Farming Better Roads GUERNSEYS GOING TO SOUTH POLE ON BYRD'S SHIP Barn Being Built on Board Ship for Stay on Little America. According to a radiogram received from the S. S. Jacob Ruppert, -Admiral Byrd'3 flagship, on which three~-Sueni3ey~cows are making a 12,000 mile voyage to the Antarctic, a gale in the Gulf ot Mexico, gave the cowa their first severe test. Leroy Clark, chief commissary officer of the Byrd antarctic expedition, reports "Cows are doing fine, have their sea leg's. Were a bit seasick for a-day or so but fit as a fiddle now. Rode out gale today without whimper. Giving down plenty and eating like pigs." Someone suggested that the reason cows are not seasick as long a time as men in a rough sea is that they have four legs instead of two. There Is also considerable difference in the number of stomachs which might offset the advantage of the extra pair of legs. After reaching Pajia- ma the next stop will be Valparaiso. From there the ship will go directly to the bottom of the world. To Little America, About Christmas time the S. S. Jacob Ruppert will reach the ice sheet and from there the cows will be taken in five miles to Little America either on dog sleds or behind the snowmobile. The barn which they will live in during their stay in Little America is being built on board ship and is portable so that it can be easily erected. A calf is expected when the cows reach the ice and the crew has already suggested several names. If it is a bull calf they would call It Igloo and if it is a heifer they would call it Lucille because of the many loose seals in Little America. To make the two year feed supply it was necessary to put on board a carload of alfalfa hay, ten tons of beet pulp, ten tons of Larro, a ton of bran to feed in rough weather, three tons of straw and several hundred pounds of calf meal. Has Built Stable. Edgar Cox of Buffalo, N. Y., has .the care of the cows and has built J \a stable for them on the forward Sl/"w'eli : -:deck; 'AiTit-Eets -cold farther Si south they will be taken into tiie ||, hold of the ship until they are put ' A ashore at Little America. This 12,000 mile trip is the longest trip that any cows have ever taken since the well known cow jumped over the moon. Klondike -H Giy Nira is looking forward not SI only to reaching Little America but * also to the calf which she expects to present the Byrd Expedition there. Carefully Planned. The cow barn has been carefully planned by the official ship's carpenter and cow man, Mr. Cox. It will be 14x18 feet in size and five different insulations will be used. Inside will be a stove, together with a special sun lamp to provide the cows with artificial sunlight. Otherwise the barn will look very much like any other barn. When the little red line on the thermometer outside drops to 70 below everything Inside will be warm and comfortable. The three cows are expected to take care of the milk problem for the expedition. The fresh milk on the trip down is to build up the men lor the hardships of the Antarctic and to supply them with that most important food while in Little America. When Admiral Richard E. Byrd first suggested taking a Guernsey cow to Little America his friends told him It was' ridiculous and a crazy idea. That's the kind of a challenge that Dick Byrd likes to get. He made up his mind then and there not only to take the cows but to bring- them baclc. R. R. Jacobs grew two crops-oats and hegar:--on Irrigated land near Plainview, Tex,, during the 1833 season. '$ I i .* · ; -S COAL SUNSHINE LUMP Delivered A good big lump at a low prict 1 Consolidated Coal Co. Phone 1176 111-115 7th S. E. CARL M. SHEMO AUCTIONEER Farm Sales a Specialty Phono IS or 6002, Fertile, lotva DUROC BOARS March and April farrow. Also 1 yearling. All double-treated for cholera. Easy feeding type. Farmer prices. 7 miles north- cast of Nora Springs. A. HOFLER SON PORK PROBLEM FOR THE AAA Actual £ I «^t ^ Fair exchange va/ut ' price X/V Y»v _ _ ^ / _ _ -to - S HOGS DOLLARS PER HUNDRED POUNDS '15-16 '20- f 2l 1 1 1 ' - 'Z5-26 '30-3) '3V35 The corn-hojf reduction program of the Agricultural Adjustment administration aims nt making- both the curves in the above chart coincide. Its method is crop reduction applying to hogs and corn, often sold "on tho hoof" In tho shape of pork. WASHINGTON, Dec. 6. /P)--As the corn-hog reduction program of the Agricultural Adjustment administration swings Into action its administrators aim to correct the disparity in prices which makes eight 100 pound hogs today worth in purchasing power only as much as three in 1814. Tlie chief aim of the reduction program is to bring this price back to "parity"--increasing prices to be paid the corn-hog farmer and restoring his purchasing power. To do this they estimate that corn acreage must be reduced by 20,000,000 acres and the hog population by 15,000,000 chiefly in the midwest. To raise the purchasing power of the farmer's hogs to parity, the adjusters say, the farm price should be in the neighborhood of ?8 a hundredweight, as compared to present Chicago quotations of around $4.25 for top hogs. Approximately 4,000,000 farmers making- corn and hogs a major or minor enterprise must be reached in two-thirds of the states during the campaign. Active organization is to be attempted in 1 200 counties, with maximum benefit payments of $350,000,000 from processing taxes held out as an inducement The farm adjusters say a 10 per cent reduction in hog supplies in normal circumstances means nearly 20 per cent increase in prices. ACRE OF CORN USES MUCH AIR Half a Mile of Atmosphere and 3,000,000 Pounds of Water Consumed. An acre o£ corn yielding a 75 bushel crop must breathe during its growing season a volume of air equal to that contained in half a mile of the atmosphere over the acre. Tlie vital element in the atmosphere for plants is carbon dioxide and since it constitutes less than one-half of one per cent of the atmosphere, immense quantities of air must pass through the breathing pores, or stomata of the plants before they obtain the requisite amount of carbon dioxide. More than 3,000,000 pounds of water are used by the growing acre of corn. This is transpired by the plants, although a very small part is transformed into compounds which enter into the structure of the plants, whose weight will total for the acre, exclusive of moisture, approximately 7,500 pounds. The acre of corn removes from the soil, 125 pounds of nitrogen, 56 pounds of phosphoric acid and 95 pounds of potash. Unless replenishment of these necessary mineral elements is made to the soil, subsequent crops will fall to grow and mature properly. Air, moisture and sunlight are supplied by nature in abundance, but tha supply of mineral elements in the soil essential for plant growth is limited; if the soil is mined of its mineral plant foods by continuous growing of crops without replacement, it soon loses its fertility. The acre of corn in its growth takes from the sunlight a total energy equalling 700,000 horse power. All the energy in the coal, wood, gasoline and other fuels on the earth has originally been absorbed from sunshine by growing plants. Since the sun is an inexhaustible source of energy to plant life on the earth, the limiting factors in crop production are the available miner plant foods and the moisture in the soil. Theft of an S3 cent shirt brought a Hanford Cal., man a sentence of a year in jail. FARM SALE DATES CLAIMED Thursday, Dec, 7, 10:80 a. m.-- Auction Sale, Lund's Sale Stables, on Highway 18 ut east edge of Mason City. Wednesday, Dec. 20, 10 a. m.-- Public Sale, Jim Htitzi'H farm, Z miles \vest nnd 3 miles north of Nora Springs. Sale Dates Are Listed Free of Charge in This Space Each Wednesday If you M'iint your sale listed, ju»t send In tlio place, d.itf and owner's name to tho Globe-Ga- zettc, attention of V. C. Hlclts. Seen Through a Windshield By A. P. --Narrow escape from having a drizzly, gloomy day for Thanksgiving day instead of the warm sunshine of a perfect November day,--for which we are thankful. -Lady driving- car from county No. Si, on highway No. 15, passing everyone at 60 miles and tri umpbautly tooting horn when last car is passed--a very masculine trait. --Six solemn crows in conference On six fence posts; but rising heavily and simultaneously to settle again on six other posts as soon as car has passed. Never two crows on one post. --Scraggly appearance of most of the sheltering groves around farmsteads on No. 15 in Wright, Hamilton and Story counties. Present ones have outlived their usefulness. No replacements. -Several farmers plowing in fields on day before Thanksgiving--a rather unusual sight in north Iowa. --Daily and nightly assembly of cars and interested spectators to witness arrival of airmail, at airport, in Deg Moines,--similar to the way the old folks did when the "Canon Ball" express wont through town. --Men, women and children standing in line for a chance to get into a raovie theater in Des Moines to see Louisa M. Alcott's "Little Women," an evidence of normalcy nn humans as against the universal jazz, and a. fine use of the cinema. --Des Moines, dingy, dra'o. depressing in a drizzly, dismal, December day. Crowds hurrying along sloppy streets, some with drained or pinched faces. No-one sauntering- anywhere. Occasional well fee man or dolled up woman giving color to the crowd. Atmosphere thick with Iowa coal smoke diffused in air. Lights in offices at noon. Reverse side of city life. ORA BAYLESS AUCTIONEER I'bonu 3682 Mason City CASH OXLY C O A L WEST K*. LUMP . . . WEST KV. NXJT IOWA LUMP . . . $8.OO $6.5O TON $6.50 TON Wolf Bros. PHONE 1148 MACHINE HUSKING GUTS MAN LABOR BUT COSTS VARY Bureau of Agricultural Economics Completes Study in Illinois. About one-half as much man la- ior and about one-third as much lorse work are,used in husking an acre of corn by machinery as by hand, but costs of the two methods are variable depending largely upon farm wage rates, and the combination of cost items. This situation should be considered carefully In planning for the corn husking on individual farms, says the bureau of agricultural' economics, reporting the results of fieli studies on Illinois farms in 1928 and 1929. An average of 5.2 hours of man labor was used in husking an acre of corn by hand on the farms studied, as compared with 2.7 hours an acre with the 1-row picker, and 2.2 hours with the 2.2 hours with the 2 row picker. The horse work was reduced even more, but 1.2 hours of tractor ar' picker use were added when the 1-row picker was used and O.S hour when the 2-row picker was used. To determine the most economical nvathod, therefore, depreciation, interest, and repairs on the tractor and picker must be balanced, says the bureau, against the savings in man labor and horse work. Cost S4.46 an Acre. Hand husking on 122 farms in 1928 and 1929 cost an average of v±AG an acre; husking with a 1-row mechanical picker on 102 farms cost an average of 53.71 an acre; and husking with a 2-row mechanical picker on 04 farms cost an average of ?3.14 an acre. The costs of hand husking, however, include an item of $2.2i an acre for "unpaid costs" for the labor contributed by the farmer and his family and for permanent elements in the farm organization that are used in corn picking, but for which the farmer does not, at least immediately, pay out any money. This item of "unpaid costs" in the case of the 1-row pickers was estimated at $1.24 an acre, an in the case of the 2-row pickers, at $1.05 an acre. - Hired hand huskera were getting 5 1 ,-! cents a bushel at the time of the bureau's study, but In the last two years they could be hired to husk corn for as little as 3 cents a bushel. During the same period there was a proportionately smaller reduction in the cost of mechanical picking. Farmers who own median ical pickers do no usually consider depreciation and interest when making a decision as to whether tlie machines should or should not be used in a particular season, but these items should not be overlooked by farmers who are trying tc decide whether to buy pickers, says the bureau. Summarizes Advantages. Aside from cost considerations, the bureau summarizes the advantages of mechanical pickers over hand huskers, as follows: The mechanical picker reduces the labor problem involved in hand husking; husking may be started earlier and completed in a shorter time; the work is easier and more pleasant, and a large corn acreage can be handled with the available labor. Disadvantages of mechanical pickers, enumerated by the bureau, are: The investment in equipment is materially increased; weather conditions, particularly late in the husking season, may make husking unsatisfactory and sometimes impossible; more corn may be left in the field unless great cnre is taken in operating and adjusting the machine; the value of the stalk fields for pasture is reduced. The bureau has published the detailed results of its study in Farmers' Bulletin 1715, entitled "Methods and Costs of Huskfng Corn in the Field." AN OLD SETTLER THE TAYLOR HOUSE Two Taylors Built Stone Houses Here Brothers Came From New York in 1856. Seventy-seven years ago two brothers, J. P. and Alfred Taylor came Lo Cerro Gordo covmty and settled on land,, now known as parts of sections 12 and 13, Mason township and built stone houses which are atill standing. Tlie one pictured above was the J. P. Taylor house. The other one has been partly torn down and the remainder is a part of the present home of Ellis Bloomfield, near tho bridge across the Winnebago, known as the Taylor bridge. The Taylor brothers came from New York state in 185G and they must have been men of some means for history and legend say that J P. Bold out in 1869 and went to Charles City to engage in the banking business. Improved Farm. Alfred improved his farm on the east Bide of the river. Ho built a much larger house than J. P. and much of the finishing wood was walnut, but he did not do as good a job of wall building as his brother The main part of the house has been torn down while the bouae pictures above is still in good shape. Th window and door sills are of dressei stone and some of the window caps while some are of oak, arc still in good shape though not painted. In 1876 Alfred Taylor was living 'n Mason City and the Mason City Republican of Aug. 3 has a news, item about his returning from a vis it to New York state and of his illness on the return journey. He died in Mason City. It is just possible that he may have gone east because of the Centennial exposition at Philadelphia in that year. Now Averydale. The J. P. Taylor farm became a part of the Jason Adams farm, now Averydale, although not now a part of it. The present Taylor bridge Is tho third one to cross the stream at Taylor's ford. The first bridge wen down under an overload of cattle crowding on the bridge. The BCCOIU one was discarded because it stooc at an angle to the line of travel i»: these days of swift autos. Tlie present structure should outlast anyone living here at present and though the highway commission does not know it by that name, i' !s still tlie Taylor bridge to mos' folks. New Discovery Made, on Common Horse Bot The discovery that the common horse bot reaches the stomach of the horse in from 21 to 28 days after the larvae are taken into the mouth throws new light on the control of this parasite. In view of this new information horses may be treated successfully about a month after the disappearance of the adult flics in the fall. As a precaution against reinfestation from botfly eggs on the hair coat, the horses ahould have their legs washed with suitable disinfectants. Kicked by Horse. LONEROCK--John Ncwbrough, son of Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Newbrough, was kicked in the leg by a horse while he was driving the horses on horseback. A gash about one half inch deep was cut. He was taken to Hurt where he was given medical treatment. The idea of ship subsidies, as we understand it, is to enable American vessels to take out and bring in what the American protective tariff keeps In and shuts out.--Norfolk Virginian-Pilot. TITONKA GETS AID FOR SEWER Grant of $950 One of 66 to 22 States From Public Works Funds. ' .'AHHINGTON, Dec. G. /rj-- Secretary Ickcs today announced public works allotments totalling $9,182,378 for 06 non-federal pro jccts scattered over 22 states. The allotments included: Iowa--Titonka, grant, sewer; $950; Morning Sun, grant, publl library, ?600; Ottumwa, gran water main, ?2,000; ICimballton grant, waterwords improvement ?800; Rake, grant, school building: $8,200. it IT SEEMS TO ME' A Weekly Farm Page Feature Presenting the Views of Representative North Iowa Farmers and Farm Wives on Important Economic and Governmental Questions of the Day By CHARLES N1EMAN. you and Society Will Serve. ROCK FALLS, Dec. 6.--The Ladies Aid society of the M. E. church will serve a supper Thursday at the schoolhouse. How much land have ow do you operate It? I have 1,070 acres in several arms. My three sons are on part of t and I have two other renters. Most of it is rented on share rent, 0-50, with grass land for cash. I hink share vent is the best way, aklng- one year with another. It gives me something to say about vhat crops shall be grown. What breeds of cattle and hogs o you favor? I like Herefords best for cattle. n hogs we have several breeds, Fo- and Chinas, Durocs or any good breed that the renter likes is all ight with me. Do you have to buy grain or ;ornf Very little. Do you have silos? Three of them. I like silage for ·oughage for feeding cattle. It is :he best way to get ;ill the feed out of the com plant and if we have R surplus in any year it will keep null the next year; or we may need t in the summer if It is as dry as ast summer. Do you grow alfalfa, sweet clov-^. er, soybeans or ivhent? No. I have never tried them except wheat in early days. We get lie manure out and we have clover hay and practice a rotation of crops. When and why did you conic to Worth county? In 1885. There was quite an emigration from Clayton county to the west and to Worth county and I wanted land we heard about. Tell mo about tho first farm you It was a 200 acre piece with no improvements on it but quite a bit of the land was broken. I bought it on a contract to pay $500 annually at 7 per cent interest. There were no buildings on It so I had to put on what I could and pay the .$500 every year. It took me eight years to pay for it, but I never missed a payment. I bought it in 1SS7. We lived pretty close and worked hard. The first $1000 always comes the hardest. Folks nowadays would make fun of us but we always met the payment time with the money There were a lot of things we would like to have had. We never had-a baby buggy for any of the children and other things thai would have been nice but that ?500 had to be met and paid. How many depressions do you remember ami were they as bud as this one? There were several. I tliink they seemed as bad to tlie folks who were In debt then. Prices were as low or lower than they have been this time but WE just did not buy if we could help it. We lived off the farm as much as possible. Did you ever lose a piece of him] that you hud bought? No. If you were a younp man again do you think you could pay for a farm at tho. present prices? I don't know. I'd hate to say whether I could or not. I t'.iink the final price of land will be based on what it can produce and on that basis, with a low rate oC interest and long time lund con be boifght now and paid for. AS you look back what has been the Wg thing in your suctess as a farmer? Hogs. I always had a lot of them to turn my corn into money and I have sold them cheap and dear. Are you a member of any farm organization or co-operative enterprise? I suppose I am a member of the Farm Bureau and I have stock in the elevator, creamery, lumber yard and a busted bank. Which do you think Is more likolj to bring relief to the farmer, Milo Reno's way or Henry Wallace's. Wallace's xvay. Will highway picketing ever raise prices In tho Chicago market? No. Do you Intend to reilucr, your corr iicrenire and the number of your hogs? Ye.s. I certainly do. Old men arc privileged to (five advice. What would you say to a beginner In farming? Just as nearly as possible, pay as you go. Avoid Installment laying for things if it is possible to accumu late the price. By the time the nic,-- ey is aceummulatcd the desire for the article may be gone. Do you still enjoy fiirm tvork? I go out there often and enjoy doing what I can. I am still a farmer. IS STILL A FARMER MR., MRS. CHAULKS NIEMAN Owner of more than 1,000 acres of land in Worth county, n native lowan, born in Clayton county In 18G7 and residing in Worth county since 1885, and always a. farmer, Sir. Nieman Is a fine example of tho successful mirtwcstorn argrlculturist. Mr. and Mrs. Nieman hnvo lived in Northwood for 15 years. They have three sons who live on their farms. Two of their children, daughters, died. AMES SECOND IN MEAT JUDGING Ontario Ag College Takes High Honors at Chicago Exposition. CHICAGO, Dec. G. (/PI--Ontario Agricultural college o£ Guelph Canada, won highest honors in ttiu eighth annual intercollegiate meat fudging contest at the Internationa! ~,ivestock Exposition today. Second place went to Town State college with other institutions in ;he following order: University of Nebraska, South Dakota SLate col- :cge, Massachusetts State college Kansas State college, Pennsylvania State t-ollege, University oC Minne sola, Oklahoma A. and M. The Ontario students score;. 2,3!3 out of a. possible 2,700 to win first place, but Iowa's team only aix points behind. Alfred D. Hales, of the Ontarl team wis the high Individual score with 821 points out of a possible 90i In order the high ranking indivlc uals after Hales were: Thomas J Scott of Iowa; Kennetlt Foster, o South Dakota; Charles Murphy o Kansas; Walter Lewis, of Kansa and Roy M. Himtoan of Iowa tie for fifth; Leonare Wenz of Nc luaska; M. K. Zimmerman of Perm State; Richard Cutler of Mnssacii iietts and James O'Conncll of Soutl Dakota, PIMPLY SKIN Boon improved and blo'.chcg cleared a w a y liy d a i l y t r e a t m e n t w i t h Resinol THOMAS MACHINE CO. WE DO ALI, KINDS OF MACHINE WORK ALL WORK GUARANTEED 1'horic 2503 303 2nd S. W. Mason City, la. Motor Repairing- By Men with Vciirs of Experience New'and Used Motors Bought and Sold Zack Bros. ELECTRIC CO. 3(ifi Sfcnnil S. tv. Tfione iT) 'ROCESSING TAX ON CORN STAYS AT SAME LEVEL Advance to 20 Cents at a Bushel Cancelled by President. The processing tax on field corn, rnposed under the Agricultural Ad- ustment act, remains at 5 cents a ushcl. the rate at which It has been ffective since its imposition on Vov. 5, instead of 20 cents n. bush- 1 as was provided in the original 'eld corn regulations. A revision of the regulations, ex- mding- the 5-coot rate of tax was aaued by R. a. Tugwell, acting sec- etary of agriculture, with the an- roval of the president. How .Revision Heads. The revision reads, in part: "I do ereby determine that, in order to ffectuate the declared policy oC aitl act, an adjustment of the rate £ the processing tax on the first domestic processing of field corn s of Dec. 1, 1933, is necessary. Vccordlmjly, in part revision of the econ] paragraph of Field Com Regulations, Series 1, Supplement 1 do hereby determine that the rate f the processing tax oil the first cmcstic processing of field corn as f Dec. 1, 1933, shall be five '(5) :ents a bushel of 50 (5G) pounds, I'hicli said rate will prevent the ac- :»mulation of surplus stocks and depression in the farm price of field orn." The president also approved a supplement to tlio field corn regitUi- ions which has the effect or xempling certain producers of icld corn from making affidavits hat the corn is being processed for ·heir own use und that of their own households, as required uniler pros- nit regulations. The exemption ap- ·lies to producers who have their )\vn corn processed at the rate of lot more than ones bushel a weelt. or their own use. The supplement to the regulations authorizes millers vho process the com to make, at .he end of each month, a sworn statement that they have not know- ngly processed more than one bushel of corn in any one week, for tho use oi a single producer himself or his own household. Camo From South. The request for sucli on amendment came from southern localities where it is the custom for producers to take their corn to community grist miils and liave it ground; in lots of a bushel a week or less, for their own consumption. Com processed for the consumption of the producer or his household lias been exempt from the payment of any processing tax, but heretofore H lias been necessary for Lhe producer to malte affidavit, on ench occasion who:; lie had com processed, that it was for his own home consumption. D E A D AnlmnlH of All Kinds Removed j Mason City Rendering Co. We pay phone calls. I'lionc 10!Hi YOUR BEST MARKET HIDES and FURS Wolf Bros. S I O FIFTH ST. S. W. TRAPPERS We n.re in a position to handle your hides anil fura and pay you Cull market price. SEK CARL STEIN liefori) You Sell-It Will I;iy Von 111 SIXTH STKKf.T S. W. IS EPILEPSY INHERITED? CAN IT BE CURED? A booklet containing the opinions of famous doctors on this interesting subject will be sent FREE, while they last, to any reader writing to the Educational Division, Dept. 542. 545 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. W. J. MURPHY AUCTIONEER I'hone 1917 Mason City, Io\va Moffett field, California, has been equipped with a ?70.000 hangar to house a kite balloon maintained for aerological work. PHONE 888 IJEFOUK IT'S TOO LATE Our JJaby Poco Coal wins by comparison. Buy your coal on our money-back guarantee. It's easy to fire with Baby Poco. FIRESIDE FUEL COMPANY FAT MEN HAVE ONE CONSOLATION! THEV HAVE SOMETHING TO SHOW FOR WHAT THEY'VE EATEN Our rapidly increasing customer list shows that car owners appreciate our efforts to give them expert repair service on all types of magnetos, starters, generators and ignition system at a reasonable pi'ice. Take advantage of the G. S. P.* offered by this authorized "United M o t o r s Man!" ·Guaranteed Square Deal PHONE 494 117-119 SO.DELAWARE AVE

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