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JlASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, JULY 11 1935 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE 4H A. W. LEE NEVVSPAPEK Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITS GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State Street Telephone No. 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS Â· W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER . Publisher Managing Editor - - City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS WHICH IS exclusively entitle. to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to tt o not otherwise credited In this paper, and all local news. MEMBER, XWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION. iriUj Uej .Molnes news and business offices at 403 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear Lake. Mason City and Clear Lake by the week $ .15 by the year S7.0C OUTSIDE MASON CITI AND CLEAB LAKE Per year by carrier $7.00 By mall 6 months 52.2 Per week by carrier S .15 By mall 3 months S1.2 Per year by matt 54.00 By mail 1 month S .5 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year .....56.00 Six months ..--..53.25 Three months ..SI.7 REALISM IN RELIGION Â·DEARLY every religious conference these day: begins and closes with a pledge on the part o its "participants that in no event will they be a party to another war. War is bad, war is brutal, therefore they'll just meet the situation by announcing In ad vance, "We aren't going to play." Such an attitude, unfortunately, is more beauteous than realistic. It neglects to take into consideration that our nation is part and parcel of a world which EtUl stakes its faith in force as a final determiner of international quarrels and nationalistic ambitions It's a matter of repetition in contemporary history that America has tried to lead the way to disarma ment. Recall Theodore Roosevelt's efforts to insti tute a court of arbitration. Recall the naval conference engineered by Secretary of State Hughes in 1921 following which United States sank warships and other participating powers confined themselves to the destruction of blueprints. Recall the Kellogg pac outlawing war a few short years ago. ' Recall this standing invitation to the nations of the world extended by President Hoover and reiterated in substance by President Franklin D. Roosevelt: "We will reduce our military strength in proportion to any other nation. Having said that it remains for the others to say how low they will go. It cannot be too low for us." It ought to be clear to even a pious mind that making our nation defenseless in a neighborhood of cations armed to the hilt isn't a sane procedure. It fails to take into account the obvious fact that peace must be born in the hearts of men. It ignores completely the missionary assignment prerequisite to a reign of world peace, an assignment to make other nations of the wcrld as peace-loving as America. Man would like to think of his religion as rugged enough to stand the test suggested by ordinary logic and common sense. A religion so deficient in this respect as to teach our youth that the cure for war is to be found in our isolated pledge to abstain from war service--while other nations are adding daily to their armaments--will never stand up undei the gearching analysis of the intelligent youth of today. While religion is essentially a matter of faith rattier than provable fact, there roust be in it some- Â· thing of realism and plausibility if it is to be a vital force in our national life. Religion is needlessly the loser when a church sets up what appears to be a choice between being a Christian on the one hand or a patriotic citizen on the other. WHICH"PLATFORM? TUST FOR purposes of letting readers determine J which platform has been carried out by the present administration--the democratic on which it was elected or the socialist with which it supposedly was competing--we are setting down here, in juxtaposition, some of the main proposals of the two documents: DEMOCRATIC (Adopted at Milwaukee in July of 1932) 1. Reduction of federal expenditures by 25 per cent. 2. Check tendency toward bureaucratic government. 3. Maintenance of nation' al credit through a federal budget annually balanced. i. Maintenance of a sound currency at all hazards. 5. A competitive tariff for revenue. 6. Extension of the credit of the federal government to the various states to provide for u n e m ployment relief by the states. 7. Unemployment and old age insurance under state laws. S. Strict and impartia anti-trust laws to prevent monopoly. S. Opposition to the unsound policy of restriction of agricultural production. 10. Equal rights for all special privilege!) to none. SOCIALIST (Adopted at Milwaukee in May of 1932) 1. The entrance of United States into world court (Tried but failed.) 2. Recognition of sovie' government. (Succeed ed.) 3. Six hour day and a fivi day week. (Succeeded partly.) 4. Increased -inheritanc' tax. ( A b o u t to fa. launched.) 5. Increased income tax es. (Succeeded.) 6. Moratorium on farrt foreclosures. (Succeed ed until knocked ou by supreme court.) 7. Socialization of power banking and other in dustries. (Begun on large scale under th NRA -- until smashe by supreme court. So cialistic power a n banking planks now under consideration.) S. Cancellation of wa debts. (Tacitly success ful, as nothing is bein done in the matter.) 9. Independence for Phi ippines. ( S u c c e s s f u start made.) Here's the evidence. Which of the two platforms in your opinion, has been the compass and guide fo the new deal in its first 28 months of revelation ? Incidentally, here's a suggestion for the president' next little "fireside chat" with the American radi public. Let him explain in his charming manner whj the new deal hasn't borne even a remote relationshi to the democratic platform and his campaign pledge and why it has been almost identical with the sociajis platform of 19S2. has the right to prevent that person from procreation. If the blemish is inheritable and if tho potential parent cannot with reasonable certainty be prevented by other means from propagating his kind, enforced sterilization would be equitable. "In cases of non-inherited mental defectiveness or insanity, the unfortunate person as a parent is usually incompetent to supply the necessary conditions for rearing children. Such offspring, though born normal, have little chance of growing into desirable citizens. When the public feels reasonably sure in the case of any person that such unfortunate results would follow propagation, that segregation is not called for, and that contraceptive measures would not be effective, sterilization would be appropriate. "Coercive sterilization in a state will call for large expenditure of money to obtain adequate examination of each person recommended for operation, Without such precautions, injustice will be done. It is also true that many citizens have conscientious convictions adverse to such operations. The whole eugenic movement will be more steadily furthered if education precedes radical legislation. For these reasons it would be wise if the state of Iowa would now enact a law making it legal for surgeons to sterilize persons who for good eugenic reasons desire not to become parents and who accordingly spontaneously apply for the operation." Dr. Woods in this suggestion proves his claim to classification as psychologist. Legislation of the type discussed by him is alwaj's most effective and permanent when, at least in its beginning stages, it bottoms on observance out of social reasons rather than on enforcement or compulsion. PERTINENT or IMPERTINENT Once more the spectacle of a party destroying itself through the medium of too much power is spreading itself across the American stage. Prophecy is hazardous but we're willing to venture a guess that posterity will not give high intellectua rating to either Mussolini or Hitler. Bedtime stories on the radio would be more accurately classified under the heading, "Children's Crime Hour." Driving our highways these days gives us a pretty satisfactory training for any horrors future wars may contain. Just where would the present Roosevelts be if thai proposed inheritance levy had been in effect in the past? It's going to be pretty hard to have an ideal so ciety without a lot of ideal men and women. Who recalls what the council used to argue about jefore beer permits came along? Let's see, it was in March, wasn't it, when they tvere going to hang Hauptmann? You'll have to admit this about pugilism: It got miR Braddock off relief. TAX MAXIMS Christian Science Monitor: Adam Smith's classic maxims on taxation deserve consideration at this time f agitation over a new tax program with its far- eaching effects on the affairs of every United States itizen; 1. The subjects of every state ought to contribute owards the support of the government as nearly as ossible in proportion to their respective abilities; ,hat is, in proportion to the revenue which they res- lectively enjoy under the protection of the state. The ixpense of government to the individuals of a great nation is. like the expense of management to the joint :enants of a great estate, who are all obliged to con- :ribute in proportion to their respective interests in he estate. In the observation or neglect of this maxim onsists what is called the equality or inequality of axation. 2. The tax which each individual ia bound to pay ught to be certain and not arbitrary. The time of ayment, the manner of payment, the quantity to be iaid, ought to be clear and plain to the contributor and to every other person. 3. Every tax ought to be levied at the time, or in he manner, in which it is most likely to be convenient or the contributor to pay it. 4. Every tax ought to be so contrived as both to .ake out and to keep out of the pockets of the people as little as possible over and above what it brings into the public treasury of the state. BASEBALL IN OMAHA Sioux City Journal: Omaha, twice the size of the average city in the Western league, has seen its franchise go to the neighboring Iowa town of Council Bluffs. For Omaha could not or would not support organized baseball. The Packers somehow failed to pack them in, at the gate. This was not the Packers' fault. They played good enough baseball as a rule to satisfy real fans. Perhaps the answer to the question of what was the matter with baseball in Omaha lies with the fans themselves rather than with the club that represented the largest city in the league. WHEN ONE LEAVES HIS OWN FIELD Daily lowan: With all due respect for Robert A. MtUikan as a scientist, students and faculty members alike, were amazed when the physicist foresook his special field of interstellar space, and launched into the treacherous shoals of economics and politics at his appearance before the panel forum last Saturday morning. Deserting his own field in which his preeminence is unchallenged, the scientist indulged in a severe denunciatory attack upon present day prob lems ranging from politics, to economics, sociology and morals. NOT SO LENIENT Oelwein Register: The Mason City Globe-Gazett comments that their suggestion that folks devote a little more time on the Fourth of July to reading th Declaration of Independence and less to firecracker did not go over so big with the younger generation. Well, we made a similar suggestion but up to dat we have no reaction. Perhaps the .young folks of Oel wein and this territory are a little more liberal minde. and make more allowance for the comments of thei elders. A WISE SUGGESTION rR. ANDREW H. WOODS, director of the Iowa ^ state psychopathic hospital, in a recent treatise on "Successful Living" advanced what appeared to us to be a sensible proposal with respect to sterilization for those not qualified according to the common tests to reproduce their kind. The pith of it is that the program will succeed best if it springs from voluntary action rather than from compulsion. We quote from Dr. Woods' article republished by the Iowa state department of health: "When the public has sound reason for believing that offspring produced by any individual would lay an unjust burden upon his fellows either in supporting the offspring or in protecting others from danger due to their misbehavior, the state THE RICH ESCAPE Swea City Herald: The trouble with these share thÂ·_ wealth, or soak the rich, plans is the rich escape. They know all the answers; can juggle things around to save a comfortable part of their hides. It all adds up to the hoi polloi paying the bill hi the end. AWAY FROM^LAWiERS Bancroft Enterprise: Tiiis county turned its back on - the lawyers some years ago, and ever since has been sending farmers to Des Moines. It would be difficult to say in what way, if any, this county has suffered loss by the change. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG SHE TALKED TO DR. TOWNSEND CHAMPLIN, Minn., July 10.--On July 4 I at tended the picnic at Humboldt, Iowa, sponsored oy the American Legion with Dr. F. E. Townsend, founder of the Old Age Revolving pension plan as the speaker of the day. He came to Humboldt by airplane. After the lecture I had a private interview with Dr. Townsend and State Manager C. O. Crowningshield. On my return from Montana I will give a talk, on July 23. before the Townsend club in Mason City. The subject, my interview with Dr. Townsend. MRS. O. B. SNUGGINS. Secretary, Townsend Club. t . DAILY SCRAP BOOK By SCOTT ONLY A LrTTxE OVER.. HA.LF OF -THE.' MOON'S SURFACE EVER. COPPER CROSS (_ WORTH ABOUT 25 CEN'fS in MONEY") WILL Buy A WIFE iM-TriE BALUBA COUNTRY OF CENTRAL AFRICA R E V E N U E - B E L G I U M OVERPRINTED VT5 PoS-fA-dE. STAMP'S , )9ia- N 19. "AO.LEM AqNE"AND "DUII'SCHLA.ND" fOR USE IK O C C U P I E D AREA.S oF SERMANV -- ABOUT HALF -THE STAMPS oFHE WORLD HAVE. BEEH OVERPRINTED - OLD STAMP'S -frlU-5 PREPARED FOR NEW I S S U E S BABIES LIKE. BEES A BABY A WEEK OLP v/OULD WEIGH 4-TONS Copyright, J935, by Central Press Association,. Inc, "],-U DIET and HEALTH Dr. deadening cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of general interest. however, they will be IflJten tip. In order, In the daily column. Address your Inquiries to Dr. Logan deadening, care 01 The GIooe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. Dr. Clendenin? ~~ Ej LOGAN CXENDENUfG, M. D. ^~^~~~~ TREATING BROKEN VEIN Â· REMEMBER the first time I ever visited the Lon. don and Scottish hospitals, more than 20 years ago, hat I was impressed with the very large number of raricose vein cases that applied for treatment. I do lot know whether statistics show the condition to be more frequent among the English, but one appears to see more of it. In those days I remember also that the treatment, whether medical or surgical, was far from satisfactory. The surgical method consisted in attempting to remove the veins altogether, and there were many recurrences. But in England today, as in the United States, there is great hope for the sufferer with varicose veins. This is because of the method of treatment known as the "injection method." The method had been used for many years, but it had fallen into disrepute over and over again be- _ause the solution used for injection was too destruc- ive, or otherwise unsuitable. It had fallen largely into he hands of quacks. Great Improvement. But in 1925 a French surgeon, Sicard, introduced a solution of quinine-urethane, which was an enormous improvement on all others. Other solutions are now in use, some of them more satisfactory in certain cases. The technique does not concern the patient, except that it is inexpensive, painless, and can be carried out without hospitalizing the patient. And, best of all, it works. Varicose veins may be the cause of serious disability and bad health. They are caused, in all cases, by gravity, which is too much for the legs of erect- standing mankind. In some cases pressure from above in the abdomen will cause varicose veins, as may be seen in women who have borne several children, but such examples are usually harmless--at least until later in life, when further strain is put upon them. Series of Changes. The swollen and broken veins hold blood in them, and this poor circulation causes a series of changes in the surrounding tissues, especially the skin. At first the skin may simply swell and pit, but afterwards this leads to a brawny, dropsical condition, with the taut shiny skin showing how unhealthy it is. Finally, the skin breaks down and large ulcers develop The injections are calculated to cause inflammation in the inside of the vein and, with the formation of a clot, obliterate it. The advantages of the injection method are that it is (1) cheap, (2) the patient can have it done in the doctor's office without interrupting his. business routine, (3) it is painless, (4) the final results are most gratifying. The treatment is known to surgeons everywhere in the United States. EDITOR'S NOTE: six pamphlets by Dr. Clendenlng can now be obtained by sending 10 cents In coin, for each, and a eell-addressed envelope stamped with 3 3 cent- stamp, to Dr. Logan Clendenlnff, In care of this paper. The pamphlets 'are: "Indigestion and Constipation," "Reducing and Gaining," "Jn- lant Feeding," "Instructions for the Treatment of "Diabetes," "Feminine Hrslene*' aod "The Care of tho Hair and Skin." By J. J. MUKDY SOMETHING FOR NOTHING I F YOU were more interested in other people you would find them interested in you. Very likely you have too much self-interest; so much, in fact, that you seldom consider what you may do for others. Ot course, you are willing to accept all the favors bestowed. But your lack of reciprocity shows you to be a "sponger." You may be interesting as a personality and a good entertainer. Perhaps for this reason you don't or won't realize that you owe something to those who include you as a guest in their homes. Always accepting, never giving, you prove that you think only of yourself. Always seeking something for nothing does not bring much satisfaction. In fact as time passes, it will bring much regret. You are found out soon your opportunities for entertainment become less iou are dropped out of many pleasant parties. If you would show a policy of reciprocating favors, your list of friends would increase. Don't accept favors you cannot return in kind. If that is impossible, try to think of some way to show appreciation of the invitations you accept. ' ONE MINUTE PULPIT--"A good name is better than precious ointment; and the day of death than the day of one's birth."--Ecclesiastes 7:1. EARLIER DAYS Beinj; a Dally Compilation of Interesting Items frfim the Ten,Twenty and Thirty Vears Ago Files of the Globe-Gazette. Thirty Years Ago-Senator Nelson left today for Chicago on a few days' business visit. Mrs. Parkinson and her daughter have returned from a visit in Minneapolis. E. G. Twedien of Hanlontown is in the city today visiting friends. Mrs. Mike Collins and children are visiting friends and relatives in Dougherty this week. J. C. Williams and son, Stanley, left today for Montana where they will buy horses for local trade. Mrs. L. C. Rinard left last night on a visit with Iriends and relatives in Monona. Mrs. Lucy Lord of Adeline, Kans., has arrived in the city to visit relatives. Mr. Luce, after visiting with his wife, who is staying with relatives here for a time, returned to his home in Chicago yesterday. Mrs. Lillibridge returned last night from a visit with her daughter at Lynch, Nebr. Twenty Years Ago-Mrs. D. W. Daley and Mrs. Belle McGrath returned last night from Sioux Falls, S. Dak., where :hey have been visiting relatives for the past few days. Miss Alma Riefe left yesterday for Aberdeen, S. Dak., where she will visit with friends for several weeks. Miss Stacia Riley Is enjoying a two weeks' vacation visiting friends in Lawler. Miss Florence Siemer of Osage is a guest of Miss Ethel Tank for several days. Mr. and Mrs. Leo Figge have gone to Chicago for a visit with friends. Miss Rachel Senior is spending several days this week visiting with Miss Gloria Kiple at Eagle Grove. Mrs. Julius E. Sundell and daughters, Kathryn and Virginia, are visiting with relatives at Davenport. Ten Years Ago-Mrs. M. C. Coughlin is visiting relatives and friends in Fort Dodge for a week. J. W. Graham, 118 South Federal avenue, left today for Sherman. Tex.,.where he will visit relatives for about 10 days. Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Blaise and daughter of Mildred, Kans., are visiting with Mr. Blaise's parents, Dr. and Mrs. T. T. Blaise. R. H. DeNeut left last night for White Iron Beach, Minn., where he will visit his son and from there v/ill go to Canada for a two weeks' stay. Mrs. William A. Asam, Junior, of Philadelphia, Pa., arrived in the city today for a visit with her mother, Mra. F. S. CatUn, 322 Third street northeast. Mrs. Frank. H. Gildner and son of Kearney, Nebr., are visiting in the city with relatives and friends. Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Bell, 410 West State street, returned last night from a two weeks' tour through Minnesota and Canada. TODAY IN HJSTORY 1L OBSERVING MM), not infrequently use the ex- 5Â§3^ pression, "The more I think ^S^ about this matter, the more important it seems to me." So do most readers, I venture. To Robert Quilien, that kindly philosopher behind Aunt Het, a daily feature on this page, it is just the same as saying: "The more I look at the sun, the more I am blinded." "Of course," he adds, "the matter that interests you seems more important as you spend more time thinking about it. But that doesn't mean that it really is important. It is one of those curious illusions that enable us to fool ourselves, like staring at black dots on each side of a card until they seem to merge into ont; "This trick of magnifying a thing's importance merely by thinking about it has caused the greater part of the world's tragedy. It is the process that develops fanatics, and fanatics of one kind or another have persecuted the tr.rtured and massacred the innoceut since the beginning of history. "The ordinary mind simply can't maintain its sense of proportion when it concentrates on one thing. Soon or late it reaches the point where it can't sec the woods for the trees. "Smart men in Washington gave us a classic example. They began by thinking up a scheme to save the country. By devoting- all their waking hours to it, they soon magnified its importance until it seemed a divine plan from Sinai. It was more important than liberty; more important than the constitution. And when the courts declared it unlawful, men who had concentrated on it, too long and got their relative values mixed thought the finish of it a cataclysmic catastrophe. "It always works that way. And that is why people hang witches and whoop for demagogs and go crazy over religion." --o-- -HÂ»~ consider it a faulty empha- 5Sp^ sis, to say the least, to trot $Â§Â£* around town chalking tires as a means of detecting the offense of over-time parking while motorists are breaking through stop signs, right and left, without the semblance of official objection. In the one case no more than inconvenience for some other motorist is involved. He might have to walk an extra half block or so. But in the disregard of regulations covering the actual movement of traffic, there is danger to the physical well-being of all who drive on our streets. For a time, at least, the labors of the tire-chalkers could profitably be diverted to this other assignment. Let them don plain clothes and take stations at any of the arterial stop signs in our near-downtown. draw on the current issue of d*Sp "The Iowa Publisher," offi- 'Â® i " cial publication of the Iowa. Press association for this schoolboy essay on newspaper editors: "If the editor makes a mistake, folks say he oughta be hung; but if (he doctor makes mistakes, he has the undertaker to bury them and people say nothing because they can't read Latin. When the editor makes mistakes, there is a big lawsuit and swearing, and a big fuss; but if the doctor makes one, there is a funeral with flowers and perfect silence. "A doctor can use a word a yard long without him or anyone else knowing what it means, but if the editor uses one he has to spell it. If the doctor goes to see another man's wife he charges for the visit, but iÂ£ the editor goes, he gets a charge of buckshot. Any old college can make doctors to order, but an editor has to be born." --o-own no great respect for the so-called weather prophets, the boys who indulge in Icng-range forecasts based on the fur on guinea pigs, the bark on trees, the flight of birds or some other phenomenon unrelated to future meteorological trends. Much better it would be to put the whole matter on a basis of plain guessing. Anybody can hit it right at least 65 per cent of the time by prophesying "fair weather" every day of the year. That's the average here in Iowa. For any given hour," you'll be safe in predicting fair conditions. On this the percentage will be 9 to 1 in your favor. In other words, there are 9 hours without storm to every hour with storm conditions. amsv wonder what it is that Â§J8|g makes "down easters" pre- %Ss3*"' fer to have their butter unsalted. I understand that this is specified in some of the largest orders received by the Iowa State Brand creameries from New York and Philadelphia. Europeans prefer their butter without salt too and I can say from tasting it that unsalted butter is really delicious. But why is this preference sectional? If unsalted butter is really better than salted butter, why haven't we learned it out here where the bulk of the nation's supply is produced, and at least our fair share of it consumed? --o-- f^gBe^ discover that Thorndike's sfife new dictionary, simplified *Â°-" for school use, is like Webster's International in that it gives the "e" rather than the "eye" pronunciation preference in "either" and "neither." .1 still insist that it's an affectation for middle westerners to follow the British style in this matter. Ditto the talkies. -------------------- JCMT 11 Notables Born This Date--George W. Norris, born 1861 in Ohio, liberal senator from Nebraska Clarence Budington Kelland, born 1881, novelist and humorist Walter Pach, born 1S83, artist John Quincy Adams, born 1767 in Braintree, Mass., destined to become an official member of the diplomatic corps at the age of 14, and the sixth president at 48. Like Napoleon he hated new bats, and he' wore one for 10 years. Unlike any other president defeated tor a second term, he ran for and was elected to the house of representatives. 1798--J. Q. Adams' father, the second president, signed the bill creating the most unique of the nation's armed forces, the marine corps. It is complete in itself, but it may be part of either the army and navy. * * * 1804--Alexander Hamilton, 49, the first secretary of the treasury, was fatally wounded in a duel with Aaron Burr, 48. recent vice president of the U. S. Hamilton was shot down on the same field at Wee hawken, N. J., on which his son had been killed in a duel two years before. Causes oj both duels were the same: Politics. * * * 1862--Henry Wager Halleck, 47, became commander-in-chief of the Union army. He was in command of the federal forces in the War Between the States longer than U. S. Grant. * * * 1890--Women's suffrage became a constitutional right in a state 30 years before the nineteenth amendment to the U. S. constitution was adopted. For women had had the right to vote since 1869 in Wyoming, which on this date became the forty-fourth state. Wyoming got its name from Pennsylvania--from the Wyoming valley of the Keystone state. The word means "mountains and valleys alternating." By FREDERICK J. HASKIN, DIRECTOR GLOBE-GAZETTE INFORMATION BUREAU IN WASHINGTON A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by writing the Globe- Gazette Information Bureau, Frederlo J. Haskln, Director, Washington, D. C. Please Inclose three 3) cents for reply. Where is Ethiopia? J. M. Ethiopia is the present official name for the empire in northeast Africa, which was formerly called Abyssinia. How many physicians in Canada; e. N. The American Medical association lists 10,807. In U- S. about 161,000. Is it possible to see the wind? E. A. The Weather Bureau says that to see the wind, hold any flat, smooth surface having a straight edge (a straight-backed handsaw is excellent for this purpose) against the wind, but inclined to the vertical, with the straight edge uppermost and leaning with the wind, then sight along the straight upper edge towards a vVhite object. If the wind is moderately strong one will see it pouring over the straight edge like water over a dam. This phenomenon is owing to irregular densities in the air which in turn cause irregular refractions of the transmitted light. What is the instrument used to push food down the esophagus of a choking or a reluctant animal? B. C. A probang. Was there a famous tavern called The Mitre? L. M. This was the tavern in London where Dr. Samuel Johnson, Boswell, and other celebrities met. It stood on Fleet street. Give information about King's chapel in Boston. T. L. This religious edifice in Trernont street was built in 1754 on the site of an older church. During the Revolutionary war it was for a time forsaken by its loyalist congregation. In the burial ground adjoining which has been in use since 1630, many of the early Puritans, including Governor Winthrop, are interred. On what day was Beethoven born ? Not definitely known. He was baptized Dec. 17, 1770, and it is assumed that he was born on the preceding day. Tell of the youth of Major L'Enfant who plartned the city of Washington. A. M. Major Pierre Charles L'Enfant was born in Paris Aug. 2, 1754, the son of an academician who was "Painter in ordinary to the King in his Manufacture of the Gobelins," with a turn for landscape and especially for battles. Trained as a French military engineer, young L'Enfant at 23 obtained a commission as volunteer lieutenant in the French colonial troops, serving at his own expense. He preceded Lafayette to America by a month, arriving in 1777 whereupon he entered the Continental army at hia own expense. Who invented the cuckoo clock, add why? 3. L. The first was made by Anton Ketterer in Schonwald in the Black Forest, Germany, in 1730. History does not relate in what circumstances the first cuckoo clock was made, but it is quite possible the idea was 'suggested to the inventor by reason of the fact that the cuckoo is commonly heard in the Black Forest in spring and that many of the early clockmakers were engaged in devising unusual ways of telling time. Is the cantaloupe a good summer food? S. C. Considered very good because it is low in calories; it contains 89 per cent pure water; 7 per cent pure fruit sugar; the mineral elements are chiefly potassium, calcium and iron. What is the name given to the fear of the sight of blood? F. S. The public health service says the technical name for the fear of blood or fear of the sight of blood is hematophobia, sometimes also written hemophobia. Was John D. Rockefeller a soldier during the Civil war ? K. G. He did not serve. For how long a period has Benares been celebrated "in song and story?" E. S. Since about 1200 B. C. By Robert Quilien "Pa don't fool me when he starts confessin' his youthful follies. He ain't sorry for what he done, but just sorry he can't do it no more."