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r: MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THUEK MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE 1 A LEE SV.NnlCATE NEWSPAPER issued Kvery WeeK Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMl'ANiT J21-123 East Slate street Telephiue No. 3S00 North Iowa Editors LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOiD L. GEER - Publisher Managing Editor Â· - - City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispa\ihes credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Mason city and Clear Lane, Mason City and Clear by tho year ............ $7.00 by tho week OTJTSIIIJ; MASON CITY AND CLEAI1 LAKE Per year by carrier .... 57. UQ By majl 6 tDOntha ...... Per week by carrier .... 5 .15 By mail 3 months Per year by mall ...... 54.0i) By mail l mouth OTJTSIBE 100 MIJ.E ZONE Per year ...... 55.00 Six months. .. .53.00 Three months. .51.50 Lake, S .15 51. 00 $ .30 But ivhero life is more terrible than death, it is then the truest Thomas Browne. valor to dare to live.--Sir DAILY SCRAP BOOK , iaa-1, oy centrar press Association, inc. BOY SCOUT ANNIVERSARY O A 'J-J Ku-'i. x manced Uie opening of a. weeic's an^ niversary celebration by Boy Scouts of America-the twenty-fourth birthday of one of the greatest character building institutions in America. The North Iowa area council, now on its fifteenth year, has already begun an extensive celebration of the event. Mason City and North. Iowa, proud of the achievements of the scouts, will co-operate in every possible manner in making the event a success. When it is realized there have been 13,000 boys placed under the superb influence of scouting in the North Iowa area since the organization of the council it becomes evident what an. important part, a part that cannot he measured in dollars or other measurements of values, this work has had in the moulding of the lives of people throughout this territory. Prom the time when the movement was first started with the organization of. the first troop in Mason City in 1910, Boy Scout activities have continued to grow. Growth is a part of the program, internally and externally. From the time oÂ£ the first troop up to the organization of the council in 1919 there were 400 different boys engaged in the activity in Mason City. Since the time oÂ£ the organizotiou oÂ£ the council Mason City has had 2,100 different boys engaged in scout work. In 1928 the council was extended to take in nine counties, Cerro Gordo, Worth, Mitchell, Floyd, Butler, Franklin, Wright, Hancock and Winnebago counties. The program has been extended to sea scouts for older boys and to cubs for younger boys. Scouting came to America 24 years ago because America needed to mobilize her boyhood toward n richer manhood. In those short years the scout program has come to be used by more and more churches and schools as their program for the development of \their boys. Scouting has grown by leaps and bounds /'and has enrolled in its membership several millions of men and boys. Si-.ouHng \a not another TBsUtution or prgantza- .i-inwTth buildings" anil equipment. It is rather a program available for the use of every institution already existing in the community. Protestant, Catholic and Jewish churches, public and private schools in city and country, and among all colors and races, find j scouting a program which they can use under their own leadership in enriching the lives of their own boys. Tlie North Iowa council, together with the thousands oE other boys engaged in scouting, deserve all the recognition that can be given on this anniversary occasion. KING PALMER FOK CONGRESS Oclweln Register: King Palmer would make a splendid man in the office if he was nominated and was able to defeat Fred Biermann. Both are ex-service men, both are most agreeable and pleasant to meet, both are strong adherents of the party principles which they represent. OVERLOOKED JIAYBE Primghar Bell: We have lost about every freedom granted us by the constitution but the freedom to worship God. Nobody has paid enough attention to that during the depression to make it worth talcing from us--or Johnson would have appointed another j committee of the alphabet. DEMOCRATS--BEWARE! NorthwoOfl Anchor: This Writer is not infallible; he has been often mistaken and no doubt will be mistaken again, but it is his belief that iÂ£ the nine-foot channel project is carried out it will rise up to plague the democratic party as long as 50 years from now. WHERE TURNER'S CHANCES LIE Emmetsbiirg Democrat: If President Roosevelt s I program continues under the bright auspices that have | 30 far characterized it and Senator Dickinson con- . tinuea to erupt, there are but few rainbow hues m sight for the fighting ex-governor. j fc ABOUT Â§3,000 A DAY! , Waukon Republican and Standard: And while you j are figuring out how to make those entries on your books in black ink instead of red, just bear in mind | that those legislators of ours in Des Moines are draw- i ine 59.90 a day. So what! | WILL IT GO TO CONVENTION ? ; Emmetsbiirg Reporter: The Colflesh announcement | may change the entire picture. It is likely to encour- | age others to enter, thus splitting the republican ranks three or four ways, and forcing the nomination into a convention. , - -- . ""'*' Â·""'--*-"" Â· Â« , / , AMERICA' ; FIR.SI' MODE.R.S HIGHWAY, -THE Â«in Road cf IMCA.^ , EX-TEHDIN^ 4-.000 MILES trlROUqH "THE 50, AMERICA^ ANDES wA3 BUILT BY PEOPLE WHO ANTEDATE -THE INCAS BY HUNDREDS OF YEAR? -- AS ROAD BUILDER.-; ,KE PRE-IMCA^ ABORIGINE? FAR- SURPASED -THE ROMANS IN EM^I MEERINQ SK1UL. '*' JaSZESSliSlMlSaiMlM'MiMi^iMiS^lii* OBSERVING IMPERSONATING A FARMER lUngnted Dispatch: Is it significant or not, that Dan , Turner journeyed to Des Moines dressed in his oldest clothes to look like a farmer, to make his formal announcement for governor through the Des Moines Register? COLFLESH POrULAIUiy WILL GROW i Iowa Falls Citizen: Yes, Bob Colflesh is a likely j candidate and more--he will be a popular candidate and his strength will grow rapidly as he moves about the state and gives the voters an opportunity to know him. WELCOME TO NEW DOLLAR Danbury Kevieiv: Everyone in this community has had such a hard time trying to get hold of the old fashioned dollar that they will welcome the president's 59 cent cartwheel with open arms 'frtE- 0P10PHONE.- ENABLES H 1o READ By EAR, CQUK-TRV "THROUGHOUT Â£0. AMERICA, fo CAlcH yOUNC, OF AX.X. KINpS of CREA-TuRE?, S.A.ISE. -THEM -TO MA-fURlfV, AND VfftEN TtmiE- BLAME THE DRIVER! T\HJ3RK arc hundreds of automobiles, buses, trucks and other vehicles that tire either struck on cross-' ings by railroad trains or that run into trains at these crossings and the toll of life and limb ia heavy. In nine cases ant of every ten someone is seriously injured. In many cases from one to seven persons are killed. Loved ones are saddened and made to suffer. And in almost, If not in every case, the driver is to blame. These accidents don't "just happen." They invariably happen because the driver does not use reasonable care in approaching railroad tracks. His attention is diverted just a second or two from his job of driving. He is a little sleepy perhaps from long driving or from too long hours on duty. He forgets there is a railroad crossing just ahead. He thinks he must hurry and take a chance. He forgets that a railroad train cannot stop quickly or cannot turn out. He doesn't think about the fog, the snowstorm, the rain, the icy and slippery pavement. He forgets he ia responsible for his own safety and the safety of others riding witli him. Do you, Mr. Citizen, realize what it means when over 30,000 people are killed and nearly one million are injured in automobile, truck and bus accidents every year? Mr. Driver, think it over. TUHNER KEEPS HIS ENEMIES Â·Vienna. Advance; The newspapers which were opposed to Governor Turner before and during his terra of office are again making political capital for him by attacking the things for which he stands NOTE TO SPECIAL. SESSION Luke Mills Graphic: If it doesn't break up pretty _ , n , it members are liable to become more famous than the "salary grabbers" who are by comparison beginning to look like mere amateurs. ATTACK THROUGH NEWS COLUMNS TItonka Topic: When the "daily Iowa depend" upon" has a grudge against a political foe, it doesn t take many weeks until that personage Is confronted with a barrage of publicity. ' KOOSEVELT TECHNIQUE Sheffield Press: Republicans call it gag rule--the democratc, for the most part, simply smile and say nothing. Whatever it is, the Roosevelt parliamentary technique works. DISAPPOINTED IN TURNER DecoraH Public Opinion: Public Opinion regretted very much the announcement of former Gov. Dan Turner that he would be a candidate for governor again this year. IT WOULD HAVE BEEN THE SAME THAN Rudd Review: Roads about Rudd would have been just as dangerous in the days of old Dobbin if he could have added five more horsepower every time his driver took a drink. LIQUOK STILL GETS ONE DRUNK Lime Springs Herald: It seems from the number of drunks, deaths, accidents and crime that the new booze is not as much of a temperance drink as they said it was. NO EXCUSE FOR TAX-EXEMPT BONDS DecoraH Journal: How any reasonable thinking man can favor having: billions of dollars of government bonds exempt from taxation is a thing we can't understand. DO THOSE WHO L.VUGII GET PAID? Algona. Upner Des Moines:,The tiling that bothers is how much do they pay that audience that laughs at Eddie Cantor's stale Sunday night jokes over the radio ? Realize your responsibility. Obey traffic laws. Observe and heed all railroad crossing warning devices. Be careful on slippery streets and highways. Watch your step and don't take a chance. Be a safe driver everywhere and at all times and help to very materially reduce railroad crossing and all other accidents during this year. LIQUOK OBSERVATION DIET and HEALTH Dr. ClendenlcK cannot diagnose or give personal ansvrora lo letters from readers. When questions are of general Interest, however, they will ue tuken ui, In order, In the dally column. Address your queries to Dr. Logan Clentlenlnn, care of The Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. By LOGAN CtEMJENING, M, D. BLOOD SIMILARITY AND WEDLOCK A reader who lias been informing herself on some features of blood transfusion, became Intrigued with the fact that one person's blood might not fit another's and that careful tests have to be made to find out whether the donor in the transfuaion belongs to the same blood grouping as the reel- pient, She wonders whether or not Dr. Clendcnlnjt variations in the chemistry of the Wood of different individuals docs not account for such things as falling in love at first sight and happiness in marriage. The iiiea is an old one which was highly developed in the medical treatises of a few centuries ago, when the doctrine of humours played so prominent a part in medical theory. That doctrine, of course, has long been discarded, and while EARLIER DAYS An Interesting Daily I'euturo Drawn I'rotu tho Cilolw l'"Ut!S of Urn Years Gtme Uy. Luveriie Gnr.cttn: Whether you stand up or sit down to do tlie drinking is not essentially material. The important thing is not to be carried out afterward. CONFINE IT TO COMMERCE Cedar Falls Record: France and Great Britain are reported ready for a trade war. As long as it does not develop into anything worse than that, let 'em shoot. CONVICT OR CLEAR KRASCHEL Webster City Freeman-Journal: If he is guilty he should suffer the consequences of his wrongdoing, but if innocent should get full vindication. COLFLESH AGAINST TURNER Kockford Register: With such a. layout as this it goes without saying that the coming promary campaign will be full of pep and interest. HERRING AND THE LEGISLATURE Elkader Register: IE Herring had been able to exercise the Roosevelt control, his yes boys could have done the work in two weeks. WHAT REPUBLICAN TRESS, GENE? New Hampton Tribune: The republican press chooses to call him the Dickinson-Spangler reactionary machine candidate. ROOSEVELT BEAT TURNER Whittemore Champion: If it had not been for the presidential landslide, we believe that he would still have been on tho job. BUT WELCOMED ANYWAY Greene Recorder: If all racketeers were put out of business the army of the unemployed would reach tremendous proportions. FAN DANCER'S SLOGAN Algona Upper DCS Moines: The 1934 motto of fan dancers is "Never put off til! tomorrow what you can take off today," BIG-IH3ARTED FRANCE we know a great deal about the chemistry of the Mood, I fear that medical science is silent on the question at issue. I suspect that if any part of science is interested, it would be psychology, and it is the "marriage of true minds," not the "marriage of true bloods" that ia responsible for that delicate and fabulous condition known as happiness in married iÂ£c. The subject of the chemistry oÂ£ the blood, however, is an interesting one in itself. To the uninitiated it is difficult to convey the idea of the obstacles which have had to he overcome to develop this branch of medical investigation. The chemicals which are in the blood cannot be analyzed out at all as are chemicals in solution in water, for instance. The situation of having chemicals in solution or suspension, or in whatever state they exist, in an animal tissue or julco, has made their detection an extremely complicated technical process. At present, therefore, we are able to isolate only a few oÂ£ the many thousand substances which must circulate constantly in the blood. For instance, we are able to detect with accuracy the amount of sugar and the amount of such nitrogenous substances as are eventually excreted in the kidneys such as uric acid, urea, etc. The amount of bile, the amount oÂ£ certain sorts of fat, of such minerals as calcium and sodium chloride, are also within the province of analytic chemistry and, indeed, are used regularly routine procedures in bedside practice. Some of the features of this subject will be discussed in the articles during; the coming week. ftDJTOR'S NOTE: SI* pamphlets hy Dr. ClendenlnR can now le obtained by semlinc 10 cents In coin, for each, nnd n Kelt addressed envelope stamped with a three cent stamp, to Dr. JxiRan Clendenlne, In care oC this puper. The pamphlets arc: "Indigestion and Constipation," "Reducing and Gaining," "InfuZJt Feeding." "Instructions for the Treatment of Dla~ betes." "Feminine Hygiene" and "The Care of the Hair and Skin." Thirty Years Ago-Misa Atken and several others enjoyed themselves at the lake last evening. The gun club of the city, composed oÂ£ such skillful nimrotls as Messrs. Konvnlinka, Malthouse, Reeley, Clark, Williams, Ransom and Hulburt, who accepted the challenge of a. like number of marksmen from the towns of Whcelenvood and Fertile, paid them a visit on Friday and entered into a contest. The young women of the university have purchased i\. piano and are raising the money to pay for the instrument. J. H. Tremain returned this morning from a business trip to Algomi. Mrs. Holahan and Miss Fianchcre have relumed from Garner, where they gave efficient aid in a musicale given by the music- loving citizens of that place The Ben Hur tribe were guests oÂ£ honor at the home of Mr. and ilrs. Coswell, Friday evening to number of about 60. Twenty Years Ago-The Iowa Retail Clothiers' association convened this morning at the K. P. hall, with President Burrows giving the opening address. C. R. Patton of Mason City was appointed to tlie resolutions committee. City Engineer Wilson Â· left Sunday for Denver Colo., for a two weeks' visit with relatives. E. K. Pitman, editor and publisher oÂ£ the North wood Anchor, was in the city Monday morning on business. Mrs. Scott Bagley and daughter, Waterloo, are in the city for a time, Uie guest of the family oÂ£ Mrs Bagiey's brother-in-law, Willis G. C. Bagley. C. H. McNider is in Dallas, Tex., on business con nected with the Southwestern States Portland Cement company, of which he is president. Dr. w. R. Chick leaves Friday for Washington, D. C., where he will deliver one of the principal addresses at the winter meeting of the District oÂ£ Columbia Dental society. Ten Years Ago-Dr. nnd Mrs. Egloff and daughter, Marilia, returned from Chicago Tuesday afternoon where they spent the week-end. Miss Helen Schultz, manager of the Red Ball Transportation company, is in Des Moines today, attending a meeting of bus owners, who are to establish a union bus depot there. Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Skinner of Btiffalo Gap, S. Dak., who have been visiting at tile home of Mrs. Clara Wilson, 642 South Federal avenue, returned to their home Tuesday morning. Mason City downed Northwood high school 27 to 14 In a basketball game held in the northern city last night. Announcement was made at the Wagner Motor company that the Ford Motor company will establish bid you list while I relate to you A most remarkable talc , of how one man with one bullet in the Ozark mountains of Missouri bagged one deer, 8 turkeys, 2 squirrels, 2 swamp-rabbits, 41 cjuail and fish too numerous to count, I get it ( on the second bound, out of Ted Klemearud's "PopphY Off Steam" column in the Thompson Courier and he credits it to one Vanye Randolph. Now lo gel on witli the tale which is improbable enough to have originated with Joe Flynn of Decorah: "Wnl, genLiemtm, when I was Q, younfj-un powder and ball was hljjli an' luird t' Eit, EO we allufl had t 1 (jit two red sriuirr^ls ! Lined un KO'S we coulcl kill both of 'em with one bullet. Thar wan four of 'em a-mnnln' round In a chinkapin tree, ami 1 reckon I must nf sot lhar 20 minutes uforc I Rot 'cm set t' suit me. When 1 pulled Uie trig- i KOF I seen both of 'um full, but Jest then I heerd turkeys n-yolkfn', an' it wam't but a 1 Iv-etle wars off 1 seen 7 hcna an 1 n Â«ob- | bier n-scliJn' In a [rcc. Seems lika that 'ar bullet dono flkUtercd ovor Umr .some way, an' split th' Hmb they was a-setlln' on, an" hetchiM their feet in th' crack! "Wai, jsir, I dumb up L' nit them turkeys nn' wring UnJr ncc-ts afore they could bust 10050 on me, but Jest aK 1 \yns n-coiriln 1 down I lost my holt an' fell M.i[idnb In a bresh-pllc. Thar I was a-acromblin' nn a-ToWn', and afore I could Kit out I'd smothered a hull gang o' quails nn 1 two big mvAmp rablillsl l jest tied them 8 turkeys nn' t^em Â·)! quails ftn.' thrm 'J. swamp- rnbblt* all t-gelher with jiawpaw bark, nn' back I went a-nacktn 1 'em t' whar my squirrels WOLS at. One o' them squirrels had fell in. th' creek, so 1 \vadert In alter him. Hit was cleeper'n l JlKRcrcrt on. an' lh' water ivns kinder r'iled up an' dingy like. When I Rot out on the bank ug'ln, tlanged It my Buckets an 1 boot tops wasn't Jest cluiclv lull o' Jiah--mostly perch an' yofiylc- cye! "Whilst I was n-slrdiKln' them fish I retch back t 1 scratch a chiRRcr-bite, an 1 iny ol' shirt was trio dang tlphl nnylnnv. Bo cms a' th' buttons popped ott'n It. I seen th' (latin thine KO a-whlstliti' off Into a mncii o' liazel-bresh, an' 1 aimed for 1" it up aa EOOU us 1 K^t my fish alrunp ' Â«ult me, D'rcctly I hcerd a turrlblc ficiif- lin' round an' |;asiin' n,n' (-urplln' !n them iresh, HD I dropped th' fish an' smick over ^'liftr 1 c'iu!l peck In. Thar was a blR huck n-rollln' 'round, an' he was a-dyJn 1 , loo, but danKel If I coiiiu sea what kilt him. Hit tinder skctreil nu i . But 1 Jest cut b's throat inyhow, L' let him bleed rl^ht pciod, an .har was my ol 1 button ntuck hi his wtiui- .ilpc! Ilo must i)E n]jenc4 up his mouth for .' belch, 1 reckon, nn 1 that 'ar button Jest Iltppcd In thar an' shut Ills wind numb om "Hot shore was the bluest one-Millet him tin* I ever done, seen, or beam tell of. Thar wag one deer. 8 UirJieys, 2 squirrels 2 Bwamp-rflbljlls, 41 quail an' mfiybc pound o' f l a i l , nn 1 Pappy fihnrn was prout 1 ivhÂ«n he seen me n-drn^in' of It all home." --O -wish America would cop one page out of the European hook--the one having- to do with the indication of time. Severn of the European countries liivvc off! chiUy adopted the 24-hour ciock a. a substitute for the clock divided In Lo l\vo sections of 12 hours each. I started with the railroads hut grad ually the people are taking tlie re form into their own homes and business places. Italy has been numbering her clocks from 1 to 24 hours for some time and France, Germany and several smaller countries are following suit. This reform has been slow i" reaching the United States. Its been referred to a number of times in this department but, surprising as it may sound, there arc limits of influence beyond which we make no pretense of going. Calendar reform has been a live subject in America nit clock reform ig out. We seem ontented with our antiquated a. m. and p. m. designation of time. There arc obvious advantages in umbering tho clocks from miil- ight to midnight instead oC rom midnight to noon and noon to midnight. Much confusion nnd many lisundcrstandings would bo elimi- atcd and tho recording of time vould be greatly simplified. The 24- lour system would be confusing at. irst but no more perplexing than a ailroad timetable ia bold face and ight face type will always be. OÂ£ course, the American people are slower in reforms of this character because life in the "United States is much more complex t h a n n the smaller nnd more homogeneous coxmtries of Europe. --o-proved my comparative youthfulnesa one night recently by expressing sur- irisc when I looked at a picture ol! Peter Cooper, "greenback party" candidate for president in 187(j. "it was his spectacles that excited my curiosity. In addition to the lenses In front, of hla eyes, there was a set at either aide. The purpose oÂ£ the latter was to give proper focus to Uie wearer's side glances. A little inquiry has revealed thai this type of "specs" was common in the period right alter the Civil war. Some oÂ£ the side lenses were on a liingo from the outside edges of Hie front lenses and others worked somehow from the central nose piece. Even though the side lenses were designed to facilitate side glances, those who wore them were regarded as very progressive and forward- looking. --o-- liave a quarrel with report- era who refer to a person us being "dangerously ill." My contention is that unless the person IIEH hydrophobia or some other malady which causes him or her to endanger those about, the illness should be described as "serious" rather thnn "dangerous." ^iswero C^ esikms ! a warehouse here. J. E. Williams, local attorney, has returned from Algona whore he was employed as counsel in a Kos- sutli county slander case. ONCE OVERS REDISTRIBUTING WEALTH /r\HE idea of redistributing wealth seems to come Â·*Â· rather automatically to men who have lived their lives up close to the public trough. Wisconsin's LaFollette family may be cited to indicate how the idea of sharing with those who have is a plant that grows fast and rank. The elder LaFollette'g fling at of rice-hold ing preceded the turn of the century by a number oÂ£ years and his sons fell heir to his political assets much as the Morgans, Vanderbilts, Goulds and Astors have inherited monetary assets. The "LaFollette dynasty" is more than a facetious phrase. Somebody baa calculated that from elective offices and appointive offices, such as Mrs. LaFollette and the sons have held, the LaFollettes have received an amount not far from a half million dollars. If the family has been at all astute in husbanding its resources, the redistribution of wealth which the two sons preach so loudly these days n.iglit Involve their own estate in no small degree. Or is this another case in which senatorial immunity would be operative? Wesley News-World: France wants to send us some "cancellation'' wine to use in celebrating our repeal parties. TRIBUTE TO WOMAN Klemme Times: Because of superior instinct women's first thoughts are best, men's are not TURNER'S CASE IN I'OINT Allison Tribune: But the wore] "progressive" lias been very badly abused. TURNER, COLPLESH AND OTHERS Nashua Reporter: Probably there will be others MARCH OF THE ALPHABET Osage Press: Exit CWA, enter PWA. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG the man who lived in a log cabin and the "gn cipntor," But we never knew until last yea A BIT OF LINCOLN LORE MASON CITY, Feb. 10.--With Lincoln's birthday at hand, we wonder just what will be the writeun about him. We hear of Lincoln as the "rail-aplitter,'" "great eman- year that he- was a "saloon keeper,"--or we will gay, "har tender," which sounds a little better--until John Huyek, one of Kanawha's oldest settlers told us. He heard the Lincoln and Douglas debate in which Douglas accused Lincoln of selling booze and Lincoln told Douglas he was one of his beat customers. Well, we believe thu one who sells booze is just as guilty aa the one who By J. J. MUNDV TIGHTWAD HUSBANDS How about it old man, do you give your %vlfe enough money to spend so that she does not have to sponge her way in the organizations to which she belongs? See that she has enough so that she won't have to Impose upon the good will and generosity of her fellow members. Nearly always she has to scheme and plan to avoid paying little sums which are assessed on a per capita basis. It isn't that she ia unwilling to pay her share; she hasn't the money to pay the assessment. It is an embarrassing' position in which to place a woman. Most men want their wives affiliated with organizations which they think will add to their social or educational prestige. | Too often husbands begrudge the money when the time conies to pay the dues. If they are disagreeable about it, moat women just drop out without an argument. The husband is so careless that he does not notice it. Then the woman must either cease attending meeting or do some scheming. There should be more sympathy for the woman who don't pay their dues. When wives don't meet their social obligations the husband is often to blame; for he frequently makes it hard to ask for the money. (Copyright, 1931, Klnf,' Kcnttires Syndicate, Inc.) ibtiys it. Isn't that I J. A. ATCHESON. ONE MINUTK TUPLIT--There ie that speaketh like the piercings oÂ£ a sword: but the tongue of the wise is health.--Proverbs 12:18. TODAY IN HISTORY Notables Born This Date--Dr. Cotton Mather, born 1663, Harvard graduate and preacher who incited the judicial murders of dozens of women in Salem witchcraft mania. * * George Meredith, born 1828, English novelist--Diana of the Crossways, etc. * * Tadeusz Kosciusko (Kosh-yoosh-ko), born 174G, notable battler for liberty in American nnd French revolutions, an unsuccessful combatant against the partition of his native Poland by foreign powers. * * Peter Cooper, born 1791, builder of America's first locomotive. * *Â·' John L. Lewis, born 1880, president United Mine Workers of America, largest U. S. labor union. * * Armand Toka- tyan, born 3898, operatic tenor.* "James Henry Kimball, born 187'i, weather forecaster and "dispatcher" to transatlantic flyers. * * Raymond Knight, lorn 1889, broadcaster ("Station Kukoo") and wit. 1783--Col. James E. Oglcthorpe, 35, member of parliament, landed on the coaat between Florida and South Carolina to establish a colony for debt prisoners. It became Georgia. 1809--Most notable day in first half oÂ£ nineteenth century; Abraham Lincoln nnd Charles Darwin were born. One freed slaves, another mirnls. Both first achieved renown in the same yenr (3S50), Lincoln in his debates with Stephen Douglas, his successful opponent in the Illinois senatorial race; and Darwin with his The Origin of the Species by Means of Natural Selection. 1012--Six year old Pu-Yi, called H.suan Tung, puppet-emperor of China and 400 million people, "abdicated," ending a 268 year Manchu dynasty, nnd fled into exile as a republic was set up. That is, his father, Prince-Regent Chun, 20, brother of the late childless emperor, Hnlen-Feng, was forced out and the infant emperor designate was carried to Japan. (This same Pu-Yi ia tlie prince chosen by the Japanese to be "emperor" of their new vassal state, Mnnchiikuc, the former Manchuria.) What is tlio French prcslili'nt's salary? B. W. He receives an annual ."alary of 1,800,000 francs-- about $72,000 -with as much more for household expenses, traveling' and other outlays of office. Was the I)c:td Sea once higher? A. C. The surface level oÂ£ tlie Dead sen, which has a seasonal variation oÂ£ from JO to II") feet, lies about 1,300 feet below that of the Mediterranean and is the lowest slicct of water on the earth's crust. There is evidence the water in the Dead sea once stood as much as 1,180 feet above the present level anil at another subsequent period it was only 378 feet higher than now. During' the last 40 years it scms to have been rising slightly. Win) is the foremost singer? W. B. Roland W. Hayes is considered foremost and one of tlie leading tenors of America, He has a voice of great natural sweetness, purity and range. He spent several years in Europe where he had a veritable triumph, especially in England France, Germany and Austria. The 1924 Spingarn Medal waa awardet to him. Who owns tlic Island of Sakhalin '.' H. B. Situated off the southeast coosl of Siberia, U. S. S. R. The fiftietl parallel of latitude divides it into two almost ecjtml portions -- the north portion called Sakhalin be longing to the U. S. S. R., and tin south portion called Karafuto be longing to Japan. Whero, Is Anne Hathn.wn,y'8 cot tage? E. W. A little more than a mile fron Stratford-on-Avon, Kngland. Lead ing to it is a walk along whic) tradition says Shakespeare passe during his days of courtship. H is ( typical thatched English cottngc Beside it Is a little garden. Who Invented billiards? M. F. Comparatively little is known of the origin. One book attributes it to the King of Ireland in the 2nd DocÂ« lightning kill iiuiny Icr- otis? D. L. Veiy few in comparison with tin.- otal n u m b e r oÂ£ fatalities due to accidents. In U. S., for example, he census reports show an annual ivcrage of aliout 500 lightning atalities, while in n recent year here wore more than 90,000 Catul tccident.i of all kinds'. The actual langcr from lightning is, in goner- .1, very alight, except under certain :ircumstances of exposure out-of- loors, which, a.s (L rule, can be avoided. Within buildings of considerable size and dwelling-houses of modern cunstrction cases of death or injury by lightning ore relatively rare. What became of the cannon, Ixinji Tom? C. W. It is a -12 pounder, caul in 1780. H was used in the War of 1812. The mi now ia at the Navy yard at Washington. Has the niimn Â»f Mexico City een changed'.* T. B. The Mexican government Sept. 'i, 1933, advised all nations tho nann- oÂ£ the city hod been changed to Mexico, D. F. The Initial;) stand Tot dislrito federal. Why isn't cotton.seeil oil suilaWi: for painting purposes? M. C. The bureau oÂ£ standard* says Uie most commonly used chemical characteristic which distinguishes ;\ semi-drying oil such as cottonseed oil from a drying oil is the iodinn number, which is lower for cottonseed than for linseed oil. Tho drying oils contain a greater proportions of the glyceridca of unaalii- ratcd fatty acids, such as Hnoleic nnd linolcnic acicl.s. century. It generally believed Dovigne, an artist, who lived in the reign of Charle.s IX of France, gave form nnd rule to the gume. Other authorities believe billiards to li:wo been derived from the Kngliah game of bowls. Is coffee (ho. fnvnrltc beverage in Caimda? C. K. While Canadians do drink a considerable amount, their favorite beverage is tea. How much did the relatives of Klla Weiulrl Ret? ,1. T. I). Surrogate James Foley at New York City settled the estate of Miss Ella Wendel Juno 2D, 39:13, under an agreement which upheld her charity and n h u r c h bequc.stH and divided $2,'125,000 among four distant relatives. AUNT HET Robert Quillen t wasn't intemliiv' to have 'pa-'s folks Eor dinner juiy limn soon, but T'vc tried ever" other way to broak up that scrawny old .seUin' lien."