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E R ' : H I S M E M S Af.1' B E P T OF 1 0 Â·". " "Â· =" * w "1 I -J r r; r Â· NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLH FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 16,1936 THJ3 PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 86 HAUPTMANN CETS 30 DAYS REPRIEVE Amendment Not Popular Little Chance Seen of Move to Curb High Court. By CHARLES P. STEWART A S H I N G T O N , Jan. 16. (CPA)-Amending t h e constitution, s o as to deprive the federal supreme court of the power to nullify acts of congress, does not seem to me a very popular idea. Whenever a c o n s titutionally doubtful law is on trial before the high t r i b u n a l hints are heard that the "nine old men" will be well advised in its favor or an amendment will be put through greatly curtailing their authority. If they do decide against it, however, no particularly vigorous effort is made to do any curtailing. Nullification of AAA, for example, has not been followed by much of a campaign to clip the august nine's tailfeathers. Such a campaign was threatened beforehand but it has not developed. Two or three resolutions have been introduced on capitol hill, calling for votes on an amendment, but there is little ginger bach of them. Not only congress, but the executive administration, too, even after seeing its two favorite alpha- beticals knocked into pi, apparently shies away from the notion of urging limitation of the supreme court's jurisdiction , Takes a Long Time. .-T?or one thing the democratic management has too many emergency problems on its hands to fancy taking on a longtime task like amending the constitution--a job which would take a year at least; probably two or three years. To be sure, the proposition might be made a 1936 election issue. Maybe it will be, but there are signs that the administration is chary of concentrating on it. It is a legal technicality at best. Not overly inspiring. At worst, from the administration's standpoint, a lot of voters might fly to the defense of the supreme court, as the country's most effective defense against fascism or communism. It can be so represented pretty logically. No Specific Right. It infuriates new dealers that the supreme bench assumes the right to nullify congressional acts. Their complaint is that the constitution gives it no such right--that it was usurped by the judiciary. This is true. The constitution does give no such power to the judiciary. Chief Justice John Marshall did assume (if not usurp) it in the early history of the republic. But he "got away with it." He did it so thor- .oughly that nothing short of a constitutional amendment can upset the precedent he established. Cautious new dealers are far from certain that, when the subject comes to be fully argued, they can convince the electorate of the desirability of answering in the affirmative. Checks and Balances. The "foundling fathers" created a governmental system of checks and balances--a legislative group, to pass laws, and an executive group to enforce them, subject to a judicial group's right to interpret their,. Chief Justice Marshall perhaps overdid the matter of interpretation, which is somewhat different from nullification. He usurped the latter, obviously. Nevertheless he succeeded in embalming in the United States governmental system the thought that congress, even if it wishes to do so, cannot delegate its law-abiding power to the executive group. This sort of a delegation of power to the president, his departments, his bureaus and his independent offices and commissions is necessary to make the new deal function. The supreme court rules it unconstitutional. From Worst Angle. I have seen other countries, with constitutions, which have said their constitutions were unceremoniously suspended. Illustratively, in Spain and in Italy and in various South American republics I have seen notices posted on blank walls, announcing, "the constitution is hereby suspended"--by executive authority. Now, if congress were to vote Buch authority to the president of the United States, and if there were no supreme court to hold It unconstitutional per sc, it could b e ' done here also. And a dictatorship j would follow. How would folks like that kind of a d'new'rnount? Senate Agrees to Take Up Bonus Bill Friday M'NARYWINSHIS PLEA FOR DAY'S WAIT FOR STUDY Bill to Pay Farmers on Contracts Is Approved by Committee. WASHINGTON, Jan. 16. MP-The senate agreed today to start consideration of the baby bond bonus payment bill tomorrow after Republican Leader McNary had urged a day's delay under the rules. Chairman Harrison (D., Miss.) of the finance committee sought floor consideration today. But McNary said "in all fairness" to members who have not rend the bill and the committee report submitted only late yesterday, the full-payment measure should go over until tomorrow. Agree to Consent. The senate then agreed to Harrison's unanimous consent request that debate begin tomorrow. Senator King (D., Utah), introduced a substitute bill providing for payment now of only the cash surrender or present value of the 20 year adjusted service (bonus) certificates which he estimated would save $1,000,000,000. ; A $300,000,000 bill to pay contracting farmers under the AAA started through congress today as new deal chieftains again assembled at the ,white., house to discuss the agricultural,! problem;;" ..:'Â·-Â·?' ; Â·-'":'."..'.-:. Committee Approves. A measure by Senator McNary the republican leader, quickly was approved by the senate agriculture committee. It would authorize a $300,000,000 ' appropriation to meet financial obligations of the government under crop production contracts entered into prior to Jan. 6-date of the AAA invalidation by the supreme court. The committee also approved a $60,000,000 bill for seed and feed loans on 1936 crops. It was sponsored by Chairman Smith (D., S. Cal.), one of those called to President Roosevelt's office. May Bolster Defense. With Japan's departure from the London naval parleys, it was reported that there are movements in congress to bolster army and navy strength. Senator Pittman (D-Nev.) chairman of the senate foreign relations committee, said further naval limitation efforts are "futile." It was said there are tentative plans to ask the house naval committee to approve funds for construction and modernization of ships, PLANlSElTN LITTLE AMERICA Head of Ellsworth Rescue Expedition Reports Man Sighted on Bay. LONDON, Jan. 16. (X"i--The captain of the Discovery II, searching for the missing explorer, Lincoln Ellsworth, indicated in a report today that an airplane had been sighted in Little America and that a man had been seen, on the Bay of Whales. The report did not identify the man or the airplane. The committee in charge of the Discovery II's rescue expedition announced officially: "A message has been received by the Discovery committee from the master of the Discovery II reporting that the boat arrived safely at the Bay of Whales at 10 p. m. Jan. 15. The message indicates one man was sighted from a'plane and also a machine at Little America." Kipl ing Loses Some of Recovery Gains LONDON, Jan. 16. (JPI--Rudyard Kipling lost some of the ground he had gained toward recovery from the emergency operation he underwent Monday for a perforated stomach ulcer. "Kipling's condition is not quite so satisfactory this morning and still gives rise to great anxiety," said a bulletin issued today, Injured in Car Crash. IOWA CITY, Jan. 16. (.D--Leo Umbenstock of Solon is in a hospital here with severe cuts and bruises suffered when his car crashed into a CCC truck a mile north of Solon. 14 Are Killed in Red Cross Air Bombing WAR AT A GLANCE. By Associated Press ADDIS ABABA--Ethiopia reported destruction of a Red Cross unit at Waldia on the northern front by three Italian bombing planes. The hospital, headed by a British officer, fell in a rain of bombs in -which 14 Ethiopians were killed and 35 others wounded. ROME--Fierce fighting along the entire southern fiont engaging more than 300,000 warriors continued, Italian sources at Rome said, with the Etlvopian defenders "in full retreat." BREST, France--French battleships, cruisers, and destroyers steamed away for maneuvers off the African coast, following 14 submarines which left Wednesday. ADVANCE OF 4(1 MILES CLAIMED BY ITALIANS Italy's high command Thursday announced a 40 mile, fiercely disputed advance along the entire Somali- land front in southern Ethiopia while the Ethiopian government claimed destruction by I t a l i a n bombs of a Red Cross unit headed by a British officer at Waldia, on the north. Authoritative British sources, pointing to Monday's meeting of the league of nations council at Geneva, insisted that "death notices" for oil sanctions -were premature. Great Britain, .these sources said, ..will, actfciere "to., vffiateyer -action' the council take's, - and' ttie'jr '"Believed there was a distinct possibility of an oil embargo against Italy. Battle on River. Marshal Pietro Badoglio, the Italian high commander in Ethiopia, announced "complete success" in a battle on the Ganale Dorya river which accompanied the Italian advance. He said Ethiopian troops were retiring in disorder, and that their casualties were "considerable." Nothing was said about Italian losses in this "most important battle" of the war, reportedly involving more than 100,000 warriors. An official communique from Addis Ababa said seven old men and seven women died in the Waldia bombing Tuesday morning and that 35 others were injured. The British Red Cross announced Major Gerald Burgoyne, the hospital director, was not employed by that organization, and it was assumed he merely was commanding an Ethiopian Red Cross unit. The major was reported uninjured. Departure Is 'Imminent. Informed Addis Ababa observers believed Emperor Haile Selassie's departure from Dessye lor the northern battlefront might be imminent. His 11 year old son, Prince Makonnen, arrived in Addis Ababa Thursday by plane from Dessye. The air raid on the hospital, midway between Dessye, Emperor Haile Selassie's field headquarters and Makale, spearhead of the Italian drive in the north, resulted in destruction of half of the town by fire, the Ethiopian report said. "Three Caproni planes made the raid." the communique reported. "Six big- bombs, of 330 pounds each, were dropped in the court of the Red Cross unit which was plainly marked with the Red Cross insignia. Instruments Destroyed. "Tents and suigical instruments were destroyed." The Red Cross unit was established by Major Burgoyne at the request of the Ethiopian emperor after Burgoyne's services a.s military instructor had been rejected. Three governments previously have protested fascist bombings ot hospitals and towns, Sweden and Egypt for specific attacks and Ethiopia against an Italian policy it termed "merciless extermination." The battles along the southern front, which started Sunday, drew 50,000 native dubats from Italian somaliland into conflict against 60,000 Ethiopians under Ras Desta Demtu, the emperor's son-in-law. "In Full Retreat." The Italian report described the defenders "in full retreat" after running fights down the valleys ot' the Ganale Doria and the Dawa Parma. Stocked with provisions for three months, French battleships, cruisers and destroyers steamed away from the Brest harbor for maneuvers off the northwestern coast of Morocco. The ships followed in the wake of 14 submarines which put out to sea Wednesday. British ships were, congregating off the coast of Spain. Â·, Readers, Please Note! All on Page 1 Now In this edition of the Globe-Gazette, a little experiment in newspaper makeup is being launched. All continuations from Page 1 are being eliminated in the belief that it will serve the convenience and desire of our readers. - In short, from now on as long as this policy is in force, you can finish any front page story without having to turn a page--with one exception. Stories in the righthand outside column--if too long to go in the page complete--will be continued in the first news column on Page 2. This means that readers will merely turn the page, just as they do when reading a book. No continuation line will be used because none will be needed. Such tests as we have made ourselves, and numerous scientific surveys, have disclosed that many readers, indeed one might almost say most readers, do not trouble themselves to turn to the "jump" pages in the case of continuation stories. On the front page each day, as in this issue, there will be a rule box,.with picture usually, calling attention to features on inside pages, some of which by the nature of things have been crowded off Page 1 by reason of the makeup policy here described. As stated, this is in the nature of an experiment. If readers like it, it will be made permanent. From time to time^ efforts will be made to determine whether the plan is meeting with popular favor. The Wisconsin State Journal, a Lee. newspaper published at Madison, conceived and inaugurated this policy of no continuations from Page 1 more than a month ago. It has been so well received that in that brief time, more than a score of other dailies throughout, America,. mostly metropolitan, have adopted. it,.and,T. ;I). -Mich) -the. .Journal's managing editor, lias been cited as making a really important contribution to the progress of journalism. Readers will be conferring a favor upon this newspaper --and perhaps upon themselves--if for the next week or two they will keep a critical eye on the plan here announced. Is it pleasing or displeasing to you ? Is the Globe-G-azette's presentation of the news of the day madfi more effective or less effective? Let us hear from vou. JAPAN DENIES IT 4 Remaining Powers Study Exchange of Shipbuilding Information. (Copyright, 1336, by The Associated Tress.) LONDON, Jan. 16.--The four- power naval conference, at its initial session following' the secession of Japan, agreed today to take up consideration of a mutual exchange of shipbuilding information. The conferees. Great Britain, the United States, France and Italy, decided in principle that such an exchange was essential. They will attempt to frame an agreement on this subject. Japan's chief delegate, Admiral Osami Nagano, announced: "Japan has no intention of engaging in a naval race, despite the ab- sece of a limitation agreement, and I sincerely hope no competition in building of warships will develop between Japan and the United States." William Phillips, United States undersecretary of state, also decided to leave after today's session of the depleted conference, to catch the liner Manhattan for home and deliver a first hand report of the developments to President Roosevelt. Voters Reject Franchise. BEDFORD, Jan. 16. (/P)--Bedford voters rejected 467 to 293 a 25 year franchise to the Iowa-Nebraska Light and Power company of Lincoln, Nebr., for light and power service. T/i^Weather FORECAST IOWA: Snow probable Thursday night and Friday. Rising temperature Friday and in extreme west late Thursday night. MINNESOTA: Snow "p rp l allle Thursday night nnd Friday; rising temperature In extreme west Thursday night. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at a o'clock Thursday morning: Maximum Wednesday 11 Above Minimum in Night 4 Above At 8 A. M. Thursday 15 Above Snowfall ." Inch Precipitation -OJ Inch PUBLIC WEDDING JUST BIG BRAWL Divorce or Annulment Seen as Bride Resents Her Rough Treatment. CLINTON, Jan. 16. (.?--Divorce or annulment proceedings loomed today as the aftermath of a public wedding last night which began and ended in a brawl. As the bride, Miss Marie von Essen, a waitress, entered the hall she was struck on the forehead as a skillfully flung beer bottle or glass hurtled through the air. It was necessary to take time out until she could recover from a daze. One of her wedding adornments was a bump as large as a walnut on her forehead. The ceremony was performed by Municipal Judge W. A. McCullough. Today it appeared as though Judge McCullough would have other duties to perform as an aftermath. Adjourn to Hotel. Following the ceremony the bridal party adjourned to a local hotel. The celebration became so hilarious police were called to restore quiet and to eject celebrators. Meanwhile the bridal couple disagreed. The bridegroom's sister took part in the quarrel. The bride left her husband flat. She returned to her boarding house. j in a hospital here today. Frank Bohnson, the bridegroom, had ideas of his own. He remained the solitary occupant of the bridal suite. Interviewed this morning Bohnson denied ill-will toward his bride. Bride Is Through. "I'm a married man," he said, "and we are in wedlock for a lifetime." The buxom bride has another version. "You can say I will seek an annulment or divorce this afternoon," she told a reporter who interviewed her at her bedside. The bride also threatened to file assault and battery charges against Bohnson and his sister, Mis, Isabel Petersen. whom she claims laid rough hands on her. "Funny Felix" Ariler, famous circus clown, was master of ceremonies for the wedding. It may be. said that "Funny Felix" was attired in the costume familiar :o circus-goers. HEARST WARNS SUBSTITUTE AAA MAY BE HELD UP Sees "Grave Danger" It Will Not Be Voted This Session. DBS MOINES, Jan. 16. (.T-Charles E. Hearst, Iowa Farm Bureau federation president, warned Iowa farmers today that thehe is "grave clanger" a substitute program for the AAA will not be voted by the present session of congress. "I do not believe," Hearst declared in his "swan song" presidential address to the 4.000 federation delegates, "that farmers of this land have any assurance except their own interest in the situation that any worth-while legislation will be enacted at the present session. "I know it would be more pleasant to tell you that the agricultural leaders who assembled in Washington were buoyed up by confidence that new Ir/'islation would be enacted soon enough to avert future disaster. Con Be Framed, "It is believed that legislation can be framed in such a wa,y as to be constitutional, or at least in such a way as to avoid the danger of being thrown clear out of this ground. "But .who knows whether congress is willing to pass such legislation.-Remember it took several years of ceaseless effort to pass the McNary-Kaugen bill through congress, and that after the bill was twice vetoed, the export detenture bill, which later received tno support of organized agriculture, never even passed congress. "Remember, too, t h a t many months were required to pass the original AAA and that the strife for amendments lasted through two sessions of congress. Urges Serious Thought. "Consequently I urge farmers to devote their serious thought to the emergency now confronting them. "I believe that the time has come when, if agriculture is to get anything in the way of honest consideration from this session, farmers must fight for the economic justice due them as they have never fought before. "Our security, the AAA, is taken from us. If we are to escape the status of a voiceless, landless, exploited peasantry, then we must ask our senators and representatives to stand by us now." Attacks High Court. Hearst bitterly assailed the United States supreme court for its decisions wrecking the AAA and turning $200,000,000 in processing taxes impounded in processors' injunction suits over to the processors. "These processors." he declared, "have their fingers outstretched for vast sums in taxes which they have taken from farmers and consumers." Hearst, who is retiring- as Iowa Bureau president after 13 years, declared the supreme court decision invalidating the AAA virtually "wiped out the farm program that was 15 years in the building." Coasting Accident Victim, 13, Dies DES MOINES. Jan. 16. .W-Wayne Roush, 13, whose skull was fractured in a. coasting accident, died ON THE INSIDE PIERRE LAVAL Premier Laval Wins Vote of Confidence ON PAGE 2 Mason City Will Get Additional WPA Funds ON PAGE 5. Probe Chicago Story of Lindbergh Ransom ON PAGE 6 Order Taxes Returned to 5 Chicago Packers ON PAGE 3. M. L. Wilson Talks to Iowa Farm Bureau ON PAGE 3. Knutson Again Elected Hardware Mutual Head ON PAGE 3. Dean, Nora Springs, Is Guilty of Assault ON PAGE 4 REORGANIZATION GOVERNOR ACTS AFTER SUPREME COURT REFUSES Aged Witness at Trial Asks for Ticket to Execution. HAUl'TMANN AT A GLANCE By Associated Press. Governor Hoffman g r a n t s Hauptmann reprieve of 30 days. Supreme court refuses to save Hauptmann from electric chair. Unsubstantiated report says new figure made purported confession to Governor Hoffman;counsel deny. Mrs. Hauptmann makes last visit to husband; prisoner reported calm. HOFFMAN SAYS REPRIEVE WILL BE LAST GIVEN TRENTON. N. J., Jan. 16. (.T-Governor Hoffman today announced a reprieve for 30 days for Bruno Richard Hauptmann. The governor'.? announcement read: "The attorney general and I have been in conference on this matter and I have decided to announce a reprieve of 30 days. "We have agreed that this will not be challenged." "It is my intentjoin to grant only this one reprieve. There will be no further reprieve." The governor pointed to H previous reprieves as ample precedent lor his decision. Has His "Reasons." Â· The. governor added he waV.giv- ing- the reprieve "for diverse reason.") known to me." He said he considered it an act of "executive clemency" and that there would be no extp.nsioin of the re- pieve "unless the evidence warranted it.'' The governor acted after the supreme court at Washington had rejected Hauptmann's appeal for a habeas corpus writ. Simultaneous with an announcement by Governor Hoffman's press aid here that the governor had "no knowledge of any confession" in the Lindbergh case, it was stated in other high sources today: "There has been a confession, and it is by some one other than Bruno Richard Hauptmann." Have New Affidavit. Before the governor also was a new affidavit by Samuel Small, professional penman of New York, to the effect that Hauptmann "could not possibly have written" the ransom notes which were a great factor in the conviction of the Bronx carpenter at his trial at Flemington. Small drew his conclusions from general methods of writing. Another governor, Homer of Illinois, came into the case today. Chicago advices said that Governor Horner was looking into the story of a Chicago Bridewell prisoner that he had been offered $22.000 worth of the Lindbergh ransom money at 40 cents on the dollar and that he had taken some and distributed it "here and there." Conference Is Held. A conference was held this morn- Expect Refund of Process Taxes Collected by Deckers. NEW YORK, Jan. 16. (ICN) -- A modified reorganization plan for Adolph Gobel. Inc., the consummation of which depends on an expected refund of 51,256,000 in processing taxes collected by its former subsidiary, J. E. Decker and Sons, Mason City, which it claims are now payable to Gobel. was submitted to the annual meeting of stockholders j j n g m u, e office of Atty. Gen. David yesterday and will be presented to the court Jan. 30. It proposes three options for paying off 52,250,000 of 6 : i per cent debentures. These include cash in full plus interest since November, 1934.; cash or part of a new 4V-: pfr cent issue dated 19-11 and convertible into common at $7.30 a share at present and $10 later, 105 per cent of a new 4'.j debentures. President Skipworth told the meeting the company showed a net loss of .$174.000 during the year ended Nov. 2. 1935. after processing I taxes. Jammed Speed Indicator Dug Out of Plane Wreck GOODWIN, Ark., Jan. 16. (IP)-Investigators dug a jammed speed indicator today from the muddy swamp wiiere 17 persons died in the crash of a luxury airliner and thereby found their first clew to the cause of the nation's worst plane travel disaster. The official inquiry, headed by Eugene L. Vidal, assistant secretary of commerce for aeronautics, must depend on mute evidence to fix the cause of "The Southerner's" plunge Tuesday night. None aboard the giant, plane when it ripppci clown into the wooded Arkansas swamp was left alive. day while slate rangers stood guard over the twisted wreckage to prevent further looting. The air speed indicator, jammed at ISO miles an hour--nearly three times the plane's landing speed-was enigma as well as clew. With it, buried deep in the mud, were found the ignition switches, which wore on. and the switch controlling the landing lights. It was off. T. Wilentz here. Present besides the attorney general were Prosecutor Anthony M. Hauck, Jr.. of Hunterdon county (of which Flemington is the seat). Col. H. Norman Schwarzkopf, head of the state police, and special Attorney General Robert Peacock, who assisted in the prosecution of Hauiptmann. The attorney general said the Hauplmann case was discussed, but that the conference was not called specifically tr consider it. Wilentz arldcrl that he had no knowledge of any confession in the case. He came to his office today, he explained, to be ready J n the event of a call from Washington regarding H a u p t m a n n proceedings. Wife Makes Visit. Mrs. Anna Hauptmann went to the prison in the morning to see her husband. Their small son, Mannfrcd, was brought to Trenton from New York during the night, but was not taken to the prison. Mysterious midnight conferences in a New York hotel, presumably conducted by the governor, raised speculation that he was conferring with other officials on startling new evidence. AGED WITNESS SEEKS TICKET TO EXECUTION'. TRENTON. N. J., Jaji. 16. vT)-- The big twin-motored Douglas had j Amandus Hochmuth, octogenarian, a top speed of about 200 miles, | who testified Bruno Richard Haupt- cruised at 180-ino and landed at I mann drove by his residence near 65-70. Thus if the broken i n s t r n - | l h e ostate of Col. diaries A. Linri- ment showed 'be .speed fit the. time ! borgh the. afternoon the Lindbergh [ nf impact, "The Southerner" was j baby was kidna.ped, came to th-* The pitifully torn bodies of the j thundering along at full cruising i statehrmsr today seeking a t i c k " t ',r four women, 12 men and a child were ! speed when it smashed into the j the execution oÂ£ the condemned being returned to their families to- ' trees ] man.