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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, JANUARY 9 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. IV. JUEK NKHWAl'Klt Issued Kvcry WceX Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY Ea*t Statfl Street Telephone No. 3WIO LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER Publisher Managing Editor City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER. ASSOCIATED PRESS which .Â« elcluslvfly entitled to the use 'or publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and all local news. MEMBER, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with DCS Koines newÂ« and business otficeÂ« at 405 shops Bulldlnc. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Mason City and Clear Lake, Mason City and CJrar Lane. by thÂ« year ;... J7.00 by the week S .15 OUISIDB MASON C1TX ANÂ» CLEAR LAKE Per year by carrier ..... $7,0u Fy mall Q months J2.25 Per week by carrier ..... J .15 By malt 3 months $1.25 Per^year by mall ,. , J4.00 By mall l month ? .00 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZOSB Per your ?6.00 six months $3.25 Three months.. .51.5 M c THANKS TO NORWAY! Â· ORE and more the great Norwegian sport, ski- jumping, is gaining headway in America, par- : ticularly in the northwestern states, where the climate is right, the snow deep and where many of the de- Â· scendants of the Norsemen are a part of the population. Frederic J- Hsskin, director of the Globe-Gazette's information bureau, commented recently in his : daily questiou and answer feature on this rapid growth . of skiing popularity. i It is natural that use of the ski should have or- ; igicated in mountainous Norway. First developed as j a mode ot travel, the ski later became recognised as '' a. means of one oC the greatest of winter sports. While ' in the north of Europe skiing is older .than history ' its owji history begins only with the Norwegians. Ski- I runners were employed in their earliest wars on record ; Reference to them can be found in the wold sagas ! A northern poet of the ninth century calls ships "the ' skis of the sea" .and the epic heroes of the Viking i era rank ski-running as one of their accomplishments Up to recent times, however, skis were used, apart from warfare, only as the means of traveling from one Â· snowbound valley to another. Skiing as a sport dates ; from 1870 when a group of Telemark peasants visit- Â· ed Oslo to give an exhibition of'their skill in ski-jumping:. The sight of those visitors, poised on the hill erect, confident, and 'in the next moment swooping downwards until, with a bound, they were high in ' the air, stirred the fancy of Norwegian townspeople. ; In the following two decades Norwegian sportsmen introduced the skis into the snow areas of all five continents. Indirect!}', Dr. Fritjof Nansen contributed more than anyone else to the popularity of the new sport. His thrilling account of his trip across Greenland oa skis was read in every country. Adapted to mountain conditions, skis have provided the best, if not the only means to climb Alpine peaks in the winter time. In Switzerland as well as in French and Austrian mountain resorts and in the Black Forest of Germany skiing has been accepted as a fashionable . winter sport. Still the whole techm'e and style of skiing have remained as they were developed by the Norse masters of "Christiania swings" and "Telemark- en turns" and year after year the Norsemen win all ,-^irst honors at the international tournaments. Nels | ,:lson, who "jumped 240 feet and stood" is the pres- f jxTwerls champion. of long distance ski-jumping...-, ;! Some 40 years "ago Norwegians started skiing up 1 _ "i -down the snow-covered hills of Minnesota' and ^iier states. Later national ski tournaments came into being. Last year, when the twenty-fourth national ski tournament was held at Red Wing, Minn., 20,000 spectators gathered to watch nearly 200 leading ski riders from all parts of the country compete in racing and- jumping. At present there are several hundred ski clubs in this country. More and more people are taking to the sport, which has thrills relegating all others to a classification of mild pastimes. AN AMERICAN ATTRIBUTE A T THE head of a directors' table once more, Samuel Insull recently settled comfortably and heard himself addressed as "Mr. Chairman." The man who at one time was "Mr. Chairman" to 85 gigantic corporations, is quietly trying to effect a comeback at the age of 76. On the forty-second floor of the Chicago Civic Opera House which was once the scene of Insull's triumphs, the gray-haired utility magnate has launched -. central broadcasting chain of small stations. Re- indent as of old In a cut-away and striped trousers, Â·Ing a long cigar, Insull met the representatives of Â· 18 mid-western radio stations in Chicago this " week in an attempt to organize his A. B. C. network. About him sat the men who had brought him through the courts to acquittal-- Attorney Floyd B. Thompson and his associate, A. L. Rittenberg. They, with Insull and Ota Gygi, a musician, are attempting to unite the output of several hundred 50 and 100-watt stations into a marketable small network. Undaunted by the denial of spokesmen for national chains that such a network of scattered small stations can possibly succeed, Insull is accepting his new situation with the same avidity that he evidenced in putting- together million dollar corporations. ' This is a tolerant country and a tolerant age when Samuel insul! can return to business so soon after his disastrous -debacle. Even at 76 a man of Insull's capacities is apparently not whipped. His attempted sbmebacli savors of the situation of Charles E. Mitchell, -'the National City hank's boom-time president, who fell from grace during the depression. Mitchell is back in Wall street, making a fresh, start in the green pastures of high finance. The moral seems. to be that America is slow to anger and quick to forgive. LOOK OUT \y BELOW J It's refreshing to find an occasional churchman who concedes that world peace is born in the hearts of man, not in making America defenseless before an armed world. Has our highway massacre reached the stabilized point, beyond possibility of reduction? We're not fatalist or pessimist enough to believe it. That Sioux City hung jury case proves now that a change of mind for woman is a prerogative, not an imperative. Simile: Hard to explain as the past errors of an "economist" or "financial expert." Now Mr. Havner can give his full time to his own income tax evasion case. Some of its legislation has cast serious doubts on the I. Q. of congress. ' The PROS and CONS THEY M U s E SIGNED within the past f-jw days of several un- : signed communications designed for the Editor's i Mail Bag has prompted us to remind readers again I that contributions MUST BE SIGNED. Moreover the names will be printed. From the reader's viewpoint, an opinion on a subject hasn't much value, generally speaking, unless Its authorship is known. From , the writer's viewpoint, there should be a willingness to be Identified with an opinion. And from the newspaper's viewpoint, most of the wholly intemperate contributions are automatically eliminated when the writer knows that he can't hide behind the mask of anonymity. Yes sir, once more (about the one hundredth time, we'd guess), contributions to the Editor's Jfal! Bag are not acceptable unless they are signed. Some doubtless were foolish enough to try to ! sat their $50 worth at that Jackson day banquet. ECONOMIES BLITHELY IGNORED Swea City Herald: In spite of the blasts from the newspapers and other commentators the Townsend plan shows astonishing virility. Like the snowball it grows as it rolls along, causing acute pains in the necks of the politicos. This fantastic scheme which promises a monthly pension of $200 a month to persons over 60 is a part of the phenomena of our times. With the country in a "give me" state of mind the plan has fallen upon fertile ground. An examination of Townsend literature reveals even the veriest fundamentals of economics are blithely ignored, while advocacy is cloaked in a seeming plausibility which causes the earnest observer of government and economics to snicker outright or be amazed at such an exhibition of gullibility. YES, CALL CT MURDER! Ward Barnes in Eagle Grove Eagle: Earl Hall of the Mason City Globe-Gazette is doing a commendable job in promoting safety on the highways through the showing of Iowa news flashes on the theater screens. Sheer murder is being committed on Iowa highways nearly every week and no serious punishment given the murderers. As stated in another column on this page, if a man gets careless with a club and kills somebody, be is severely punished. If he gets reckless and kills somebody by his careless car driving the punishment is seldom commensurate with the crime. "Call a car death murder, not an accident," and your safety campaign will save a lot of lines, Mr. Hall. DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott MURTAGH FOR GOVERNOR Titonka Topic: H the democrats oÂ£ the state nominate good businessmen for the high state offices they will be elected in November. For governor we refer to Charles B. Murtagh, a Kossuth county man, who now is state comptroller. He has run the gauntlet in the state house and is not tarnished by graft as are some of the other state officials. Kossuth county is for Murtagh for governor. MUST BE WELL KNOWN. Algona Advance; Iowa republicans need a. widely known man for their gubernatorial candidate. Governor Herring's name was familiar for many years Before his election. Sen. George A. Wilson, Des Moines awyer, former Polk county judge, and John M. Grimes, Osceola editor, are expected to announce for the G. O. P. nomination, but neither measures up to the governor in statewide standing. ONCE THE IDEA GETS IMPLANTED Nashua Reporter: We are prone to regard with complacency, or look with favor, on efforts to overtax or regulate the other fellow's business. We lose sight of the fact that if these efforts are successful our own business may be the next in line for their attention. Once the trend starts there is no end to special or class taxation and class legislation. AIMED AT INDIVIDUAL VOTER Webster City Freeman-Journal: The attempt to lave a pre-primary state convention this year was an attempt, the Freeman-Journal verily believes, to circumvent the primary and to neutralize the influence of the individual voter, and if it had succeeded the same plan would probably be resorted to later on in county and district conventions. THE WIFE'S INFLUENCE Whittemore Champion: If the facts were known the secret of many a man's success lies in the fact that he has a wife who thinks him a wonder and who has unfailing belief that he is amply qualified to do successfully anything He undertakes. Very often it takes just that confidence to cause a man to put in his best licks. FOR AN IOWA PENSION LAW CHANGE Garner Leader: There should be general agitation for some sort of a plan whereby needed changes in the old age assistance law be made at the next session of the legislature. Foremost of the several needed changes should be the elimination of the "overlord" bureau in Des Moines. POLL RESULTS INTERPRETED Lake Mills Graphic: Judging from the poll on the new deal conducted by the Literary Digest, at least 60 per cent of the American people are still getting no money from the government. And are not so hot about digging up the tax money for the 40 per cent. SIGN OF BETTER TIMES Osage Press: "Farmers must be getting better off; they won't come out to meetings like they did a. couple of years ago," remarks a man that has quite a bit to do with the meetings held over the country for farmers' betterment. MINNESOTA'S NEW SENATOR Marshall town Times-Republican: The new Minnesota senator predicts the enfl' of capitalism. And thus brings to a. sudden end any possible utility he might have in representing in the senate the great state of Minnesota. ONLY ONES SATISFIED Britt News-Tribune: Jury disagreed in the trial of Attorney O'Connor. So far the only folks satisfied are the attorneys and witnesses who get the $40,000 that it has cost the taxpayers. THEY'VE STARVED IN THE PAST Decorah Journal: No other administration in the history of the United States has protected the workers against starvation and freezing as has the present one. IMPORTANCE OF POULTRY SHOWN Thornton Enterprise: The cash returns to the United States farmer from the sale of chickens and eggs is larger than the cash value of either corn or wheat. WHEN DID THE DEPRESSION START? Davenport Democrat: Mr. Hoover claims the great depression was over in June or July of 1932. But to millions it just about started at that time. BLOODY COMEBACK Fairmont Sentinel: Most gruesome, bloody and expensive comeback of a fallen monarch in 1935; the return of John Barleycorn to the highways. BOUNDLESS GENEROSITY Cherokee Times: Nothing seems too fantastic for the. near senator (Norrisl and others who are spending the people's money. LI GMT BEND.? PEKC.lL l-TAPPEARS SENT" BECAUSE BENDSTE LIGHT Â· RAYS PLAY THEIR OWN DIRGE. , IN 134-2, CURRENTS OF'Alfc PRODUCED LAfWX-noN CAUSED -THE G-fifEA-T BELLS *fjK or -rue crrv TDR-IN-. CHIMES IN srws' cwvis CSN-T CHURCHES, MOVED ar PRESSURE OF UEA-T, -rdu-Eo A PHENOMENAL DIRGE. Oopyricht. 1930, by Central Press Association, Inc. -THE u.s. HAS. i^% ap-me WORLD'S DIET and HEALTH By I.OGAN Cl-EXPKXLNG. M. J). Dr. deadening X-RAY SHOWN 40 YEARS AGO JANUARY 9 is a famous day in the history of medi- J cine, and, indeed, in the history of civilization. This year we end the fourth decade of the first announcement of the X-ray to the scientific world. On Jan. 9, 1896, before the P'hysical-Medical Institute of Wurzburg. the professor of physics, Wilhelm Konrad Routgen, demonstrated the discovery, which he had made a few weeks before, that a certain kind of a light generated in a vacuum tube would pass through opaque substances, including human flesh. The president of the society, Professor Kolliker, volunteered to allow a photograph of his hand to be made. This photograph, which plainly outlined the bones, was the first one made in public, demonstrating to the world that this seeming impossibility was real. In the 40 years that have gone by, it has been amply demonstrated that this discovery is one of the most important advances ever made in medical science. In the nineteenth century, the only advances which equal it are the discovery that germs cause certain diseases, the introduction of anesthesia, the perfection of the microscope, and the extension of its powers to examine human tissues which are diseased (pathology), which are normal (histology), and which are developing (embryology), the invention of the stethoscope, and the perfection of aseptic surgery and childbirth. These were, indeed, great strides. Nothing that has been discovered in the twentieth century comes waist high to them in importance, and in previous centuries only the discovery of vaccination against smallpox, the discovery of oxygen, the discovery of the circulation of the blood and the foundation of human anatomy (1543), are single achievements which can be compared to them. These are the ten great medical advances, of which the modest professor in Bavaria, added the last 40 years ago. At first the only use that could be found for the X-ray, except as a toy, was in diseases of the bone, but it was not long until it extended into other fields. First it was suggested that stones in various cavities of the body, which are frequently so difficult to diagnose, would throw a shadow on the X-ray plate, and so it proved. Then by improving the quality of the tubes and the technical devices, rays so selective could be formed that they would show disease, such as tuberculosis, in the chest. The American physiologist, W. B. Cannon, showed that certain metal salts which looked white to the eye would throw a black shadow on the X-ray plate, and when mixed with a meal would show the outline of the stomach and bowel. Today there is hardly an organ in the body that cannot be made to impart important information when properly prepared for the X-ray photograph. It is, however, not only in diagnosis that it has been valuable, but also in treatment. The skin specialist could not get along without it, and in the treatment of malignant growths it has taken its place with radium, the emanations of which ,are similar, as an equal to surgery in treatment. PLEASE NOT--Dr. Clenflenlns cannot diagnose or give per- sonaf answers to tetters from readers, when questions are of general interest, however, they will be taken up, in order, in the daily column. Address your inquiries to Dr. Logan Clendening. care of Globe-Gazette. Write legibjy and not more than 200 words. ONCE OVERS By -I. Â·'. M O N D V ACCEPT YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES I F YOU would blanie yourself entirely for your failures and not try to sidestep responsibility, you would make fewer errors. Every time you excuse yourself you are weakened in your power to avoid the thing you are criticized for. When you take the censure you deserve to yourself you are impressing it more indelibily on your mind. It is possible to learn much by mistakes. But dividing the blame for mistakes makes you consider them lightly. When you lean on others you are losing power that might be yours. It is so easy to feel that if things go wrong some one stands ready to assist in what should be a personal matter. But if you think you can shift or only share responsibility for your acts or your work, you don't give it the care and attention necessary to perfect it. Be willing and anxious to take responsibility because of its value in self-discipline as well as because the one who inspects your work may be careless and overlook an error which you do not want to creep into your work. MINUTE PULPIT--Meekness, temperance: against, such there is nn law.--Galatians 5:23. EARLIER DAYS FROM r,r.OBE-GAZETTE F!I,K.-i Thirty Years Ago-Mrs. Neal Bosworth of Elgin, 111., returned home last night after visiting for a few weeks at the home of her mother. Mrs. Kirk. Supreme Chief Utter of the Ben Hurs arrived in the city today from Waterloo and will spend a few days in the city on Ben Hur business. O. T. and Lynn Denison and C. L. Smith have returned from a few days in Des Moines where they attended the brick and tile convention. COLUMBIA, S. Car.--The board of trustees of South Carolina has decided to abolish intercollegiate football, deeming it best for the interests of the school. President Tucker returned today from Britt where he addressed the farmers of that community. PAEIS--M. Fallieres has been re-elected president of the French senate by a large majority. WASHINGTON--Shortly after the house came to order today, Grosvenor took the floor to speak in favor of the Philippine tariff bill. Twenty Years Ago-C. H. Major, local real estate agent, left today for southwestern Texas to look over the Rio Grande valley and will be gone about ten days. Miss Sue McQueen returned yesterday from a two weeks visit at her home in Duluth, Minn. Miss McQueen is an instructor in the local schools. The high school basketball team beat the alumni quintet 25 to i4 yesterday. McConnell led the preps as he caged 10 field goals. CINCINNATI--The Chicago National league club was sold today to Charles Weeghman by Charles P. Taft. The city council today awarded the sewage disposal contract to William Henkel and H. F. Brown of Mason City for .$184.500. John A. Senneff is in Britt today on business. Miss Harriett Cotton returned last night to Chicago where she is attending Ferry hall. James Van Kleek is spending two weeks visiting relatives in southern Wisconsin. Miss Anna Mae Sweiger returned yesterday to Valparaiso, Ind., after a week's visit in the city with relatives. Ten Years Ago-S. N. Williams, Oak Park, HI., is visiting in the city for a few days. C. H. McNider is enroute east on a business trip to New York City. He will visit his son, Hanford, and Mrs. MacNider at Washington, D. C. Ray E. Prusia returned yesterday from a business trip to Fort Dodge. Miss Helen Lenke of Garner is in the city for a short time today. Cecil Milam and Jesse Bell are visiting for a few days in Des Moines. C. P. Wilcox is visiting relatives and friends in Charles City. Mr. and Mrs. William G. Atzbaugh of Hampton were in the city yesterday visiting friends. Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Koser and daughter, Betty, are visiting relatives in Iowa City. Miss Grace Marie Colloton is home from the University of Iowa at Iowa City for a few days. OBSERVING .4 SEASONABLE WORD TO MASON CITY PARENTS __^ admonish parents--because SpsS; boys don't waste time on this taP** department--to do w h a t they can to avert tragedy in this "hooking on" season. At every other corner when streets are slippery, you'll find a squad of youngsters waiting to attach their sled to a passing automobile. It's my contention that any parent who'll countenance this wholly dangerous practice is falling down on bis or her job. Approach of another auto from behind, a sudden swerve into path of approaching machine, a lunge around a corner all can bring injury or death to the person riding the sled. Another thing, autoists who allow children to hook rides and then knowingly haul their sleds about town are wilfully aiding the practice. And parents must accept their full share of responsibility also. The abundant snow has given our youngsters plenty of sliding places. There is no need for "hooking on" and inviting serious accidents. Again addressing my remarks to parents--don't just assume that your Willie or Mary aren't engaging in this death inviting pastime, check up and be sure of it. --o-TO THOSE WHO BELIEVE CRIME IS GLAMOROUS HgÂ«w wish every boy who still 'gjlgli labors under the delusion ^^ that there's something glamorous about gangsterism' could look upon the two huge pictures before me as I write this. They're from Chicago papers and they show a closeup of Tommy Touhy, once called "the terrible." They show him in court. In one his head is cupped in his hand. In the other he's staring-staring, perhaps, up that long lane that has an electric chair at its end. He reminds one of nothing quite so much as a trapped rat. This "daring gunman," this "rival of Capone," didn't even try to fight when the police caught up with him. They walked into his flat and took him, and he didn't even reach for the gun. which lay within easy reach of his hand. Thus ends the Touhy chapter of gangdom's lurid history. Like all the rest, from Capone to Dutch Schultr, it ends with the dubious heroes dead or locked up,'and the law triumphant. All the Touhy gang is now killed off or in custody, and they were second only to Capone's mob in the happy hunting ground of the racketeer--Chicago, Some were killed in fights with officers/ others were "knocked off" in obscure brawls with their own kind. They all finished defeated, in any event. The big money which they made by a life of crime and constant flight and fear, never did them any good. For a time it did seem that they might win. But it is hard to recall one who ever did. For a few years the complaisance of crooked politics set them riding high on the necks of the citizens. But all that's over. America has met the challenge headon. Now a thief is just a thief, a hoodlum just a hoodlum, wasting twice as much energy and effort to get a poor living dishonestly as would be necessary to live straight and look every man fearlessly in the face. The movies and the story-writers ought to play up this angle of the business, instead of dwelling upon the lurid luxuries of the "big shot," prior to his sudden demise by the daring G-men. The lurid luxury is usually a pretty poor flat, a hide-out where the "big shot" cowers in fear of arrest or death--as much a prisoner as if already handcuffed. He lives like a rat and dies like one generally. Witness the case of Tommy Touby. --o-ASSISTANT PATROL CHIEF GOT HIS MAN ALL RIGHT think that the best story so far developed in connection with the state highway patrol concerns a feverish chase mads by Harry Nestle, assistant chief, on the tip provided by a sheriff in his home town in this fashion: "Harry, a truck and trailer just went through here with the greatest overload of horses I've ever seen. There must have been nearly 20." It sounded a little bit screwy but Harry decided to take to the road in pursuit of the offending truck. He overtook it in the vicinity of Denison. And here was his discovery: The driver was a man named Wright from Jefferson. He was moving his merry-go-round-- including the wooden horses! _o-IN CASE YOU CAN'T TELL WHEN YOU ARE DRUNK was amused by this poetic test of sobriety recently reproduced by E. P. Chase (last year's Pulitzer prize editorial winner) in his Atlantic TelegraphHerald: He is no drunk Who from the floor Can rise again And still drink more, But drunk is he Who helpless lies Without the power To drink or rise. This reached Mr. Chase from a reader and reminded him of "another ditty which went the rounds in the gay nineties," as follows: When your eyes are weak And your head feels queer, And your thoughts come up Like the foam on beer; When your legs are weak And your voice is strong, And you laugh like sin At some darn fool song; You're drunk, by gum, You're drunk. Answers to Questions TOMORROW Notable Births--Howard Chandler Christy, b. 1873, American artist Walter S. Clifford, b. 1S85, $225,000-a-year president of American Telephone and Telegraph" company Zachary Smith Reynolds, b. 1933, 510,000,000 child of actress'Libby Holman born after its father's death Guy T. Helvering, b. 1877, the man who collects your income tax--he's commissioner of internal revenue Joseph P. McEvoy, b. 1S95, humorist and novelist Robinson Jeffers, b. 1887. California poet Thaddeus H. Brown, b. 1SS7, member of federal communications commission Reed Smoot, b. 1862, ex-senator. Jan. 10, 1661--Jesus was formally proclaimed king of England! Dictator Oliver Cromwell having died, his Puritan followers sought to perpetuate theocracy in England by formal acknowledgement of Jesus as ruler .of the realm, with clergy as His regents. Jan. 10, 1776--An anonymous 47 page pamphlet was published in Philadelphia that was to have a de : cisive effect in American history. Titled "Common Sense" by its author, Thomas Paine, who had recently arrived from England, it urged the immediate declaration of independence from England by the 13 colonies. Jan. 10, 1804--Oakes Ames was born at Easton, Mass., where he began amassing a fortune as a shovel manufacturer at a youthful age. He's one oÂ£ the nation's forgotten heroes. Responding to an appeal of President Lincoln, he risked all his wealth on the building nf the first transcontinental railroad, the Union Pacific. ow does spontaneous combustion occur? T. S. Whenever oxygen combines with I anything, heat is produced. In some ! cases the oxidation takes place very slowly and no heat or light is observed, so that rags, cotton waste saturated with certain oils, newspapers, straw and many similar materials give off heat of sufficient amounts to reach the kindling point of the materials, which then burst into flame. The loss of ; many farm buildings is laid to spontaneous com- bnstion of hay. Did George S. Kaufman, playwright, act in any of his plays? B. M. He acted in his play, "Once in a Lifetime," produced in New York 1930-31. What is a matched order? S. H. An order to buy, given simultaneously with an order to sell a similar number of shares of the same stock or an equal quantity of a commodity. Such an order really amounts to a fictitious sale and gives an appearance of activity in the particular stock or commodity which has no basis in actual demand. The purpose of matched orders is usually to cause an artificial, or temporary rise in prices. Why is corduroy so called? B. S. Meaning king's cord, first applied to tlie material in the seventeenth century, when it composed tie uniform of the French king's huntsmen. How much ice cream made in V. S.? B. G. In the boom year of 1929, commercial ice cream manufacturers turned out more than 250,000,000 gallons. By 1933 production had shrunk to less than 150,000,000 gallons By 1934, back to nearly 180,000,000. What poisonous gas was the Denof Death (luring (he World Â«ar? M. K. Lewisite, dropped fiom airplanes. Did Bizet compose a symphony? H. W. He wrote only one, given its first performance in England recently by the London symphony orchestra. What bird is a flower-pecker? L. F. Members of a family (Dicaeidae) of small Old World birds which usually build hanging nests. Where did the elder Douglas Fairbanks attend college? 1. R. Colorado School of Mines. What are bad lands? E. L. The name given in the western part of the United States to certain sterile regions. They are characterized by an almost entire absence of vegetation and by the labyrinth of fantastic forms into which the soft strata of clays, sandP, and gravel?: havf been carved through action of wind and water, The best examples are found east of the Black Hills in South Dakota, though similar formations occur in Wyoming, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. Tell of Kin Hubbard, humorist. K. B. Frank McKinney Hubbard (18681930) creator of Abe Martin, lived all Ms life in Ohio and Indiana. From 1901 until his death he worked on the Indianapolis News. He was a caricaturist of high ability, but his Abe Martin drawings and sayings as syndicated gave him nation-wide fame. These were .published in book form from time to time, the last being Abe Martin's Town Pump. Where is the sycamore tree that owns itself? G. G. At Pippapass. Knolt county. Ky. Thirty-six square feet of land, sufficient to protect it from interference so long as it shall live, was deeded to the sycamore by deed of conveyance on Aug. 20, 1918, "For and in consideration of its shade, coolness and inspiration." It shades a home known as The.House of the Sycamore Tree in the Caney Creek Community Center, and has been christened the Freed-Budd Tree, probably in compliment to two of its well-wishers. Who was the friend to whom Oscar Wilde dedicated Salome? K. L. Marcel Schwob, (1867-1905) French author. AUNT HET By Robert Quillen "I reckon you'd call Jim a moron. A man that blames others for (he fix he's in ain't no intellectual giant."