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SIX MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, JULY 5 1935 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. IV. LEB NEWSPAfEB Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 Easi State Street Telephone No. 38 LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER Publisher Managing Editor - - City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is exclusively ent'.tl to U)e use lor publication of all news dispatches credited to it Â· not otherwise credited In this paper, and all local news. MEMBER, :OWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with LI Mclnes news and business offices at 405 Snops SUBSCRIPTION BATES Uason city and clear LakÂ«. by th8 week 'Â·! -IS ason City and clear X*ak by the year $7.0 OUTSIDE MASON UTY AND CLEAR LAKE Per year by carrier $7.00 By mall 6 months ., $2.: Per week by carrier $ .15 Per year by mall 54-00 :y mail 3 months ........51.2 By mall 1 month ...,...,.$ .5 Per year OUTSIDE 100 DULE ZONE J6.00 Six months $3.25 Three months ..51. NRA'S SHORTCOMINGS AN interesting and authentic explanation of wh "Â· NRA fell short of the objectives set for it is con tained in the following from the monthly economi survey of the Guaranty Trust company of New York "The failure of the NRA to accomplish even a sub stantial part of the things that were hoped from i may be ascribed to two causes: First, it was based o a false conception of the interrelationship of economi forces; and, second, it is hardly conceivable that anj group of individuals, and certainly a group sma enough to permit co-ordination, can have the fore sight, knowledge and energy necessary to direct sue cessfully the elements in an economic system so com plex in nature and so vast in scope as ours. It wa obvious during the life of the NRA that the organiza tion necessary to carry out the project was growini so large and unwieldy that frequently those within i were themselves confused, with the various depart ments working at cross-purposes on more than on occasion. "The school of thought underlying the NRA wa apparently based on the initial premise that the re employment of the idle and a general rise in wag rates, regardless of the manner in which the change were effected or the source of the funds, would cni the depression, or at least mitigate its severity. I was reasoned that, if working hours were reduced to make room for more workers and wages were in creased, the additional costs involved could be added to prices and the higher prices could be sustained bj the corresponding expansion in purchasing power dm to the increased payrolls. "However, in devising this plausible cycle, tw fundamental weaknesses were overlooked. The firs' was that businessmen invest their funds, and always have, in an economic enterprise for the main purposi of deriving a profit, and that recovery cannot take place unless industry is given some incentive to increase production. The second was that, if the higher costs were offset by higher prices, no increase in purchasing power would take place, while a rise in prices insufficient to offset the higher costs would reduce profits and diminish the incentive to expansion. By increasing costs out of proportion to the rise in prices, the NRA cut heavily into the already lean profits of business; and industrialists, rather than being encouraged to increase their production schedules, were forced in many instances to struggle to maintain the standards set up by law." "The passing of the NRA as an instrumentality by means of which the realm of private business could be invaded by the government for the purpose of experimental control," said the writer of the foregoing, "adds one more instance to the long list of planned- economy failures throughout the world. The idea that the labor of men and the rewards for that labor can be arbitrarily directed by human agencies more wisely and beneficially than by natural economic forces has been entertained since the time of the early Greek philosophers. Yet the wreckage reculting from man's attempt to direct the course of economic affairs is so overwhelmingly indicative of the hazards involved in such tampering that thoughtful observers of business trends are at a loss to understand its continual recurrence." ORIENTAL IMPERIALISM IMPERIALISM In Africa continues to face serious . Â·*- difficulties but in the far east it is moving smoothly and steadily forward, with the virtual cession of Chahar province of China to Japan. Chabar lies west of Jehol province, which tie Japanese gobbled last year, and comprises part of Inner Mongolia. The Japanese, of course, will not admit that they have added Chahar to their holdings, and neither will the Nanking government, which would save- face as much as possible. But the facts are that all Chinese troops have been moved out of the province, the governor has been dismissed to make way for a pliant tool of the Japanese, and Japanese military forces have occupied the region to "maintain order." If title still remains to China, it is an illusory and shadowy vestige of sovereignty, and in practice it is Japan's to do with as she will. The Japanese pretext for seizing the territory was curious. Four Japanese intelligence offiqers driving through a town called Changpei were stopped by Chinese troops and made to give an account of themselves. That is the famous incident which served as a peg upon which to hang the seizure of the enormous territory. The Chinese were perfectly within their rights, but they could not enforce them. The Japanese military took high umbrage, talked about insults to the Japanese army, and forced the Chinese to give what would have been taken if they had not. Among the most valuable concession obtained in the "settlement" is permission to Japan to erect a hangar at Kalgan. The "hangar" covers a Japanese military air base which sits astride of the line of communications between Russian-controlled Outer Mongolia and China proper. Thus the Japanese have made an important strategic advance, for their chief danger In the leisurely dismemberment of China is that they shall tread on Russian toes in the process, with the result that Russia send men, munition and leaders to back up her resistance. The base at Kalgan is of enormous importance. PERTINENT or IMPERTINENT This newspaper's suggestion that folks spend a part of the Fourth of July reading the Declaration of Independence rather than playing with fireworks had no enormous popularity with the younger generation. Something will be gone from F. R.'s hold on the public imagination if it becomes evident that he's just another politician on the highway of public life waiting for a re-election issue to come along. A compromise is proposed in Wisconsin's fight to make cheese compulsory on every public eating house menu. Objectors indicate they'll eat cheese providing they don't have to listen to one. Whether capital punishment deters crime may be debated. But it certainly takes one criminal permanently out of circulation. A critical examination of the dangers in the average home will reveal at least a half dozen accidents waiting to happen. Simile: Avid as the new deal's claim to credit for a recovery which would have come anyway, and probably much faster. Dizzy and Daffy this year are just two more pitchers trying to coast along: on a reputation. When the bureaucrats get control of the utilities, will they still call it a "public utility lobby?" Better a good horse and buggy than a stream-lined automobile without brakes or steering wheel. Huey Long probably regards Josef Stalin as inexcusably conservative. DAILY SCRAP BOOK By SCOTT Just who's the Roosevelt? democrat--Jim Reed or Frank OTHER VIEWPOINTS NRA MORE POPULAR THAN WE THOUGHT Osage Press: It looks now as though .a new NRA would come into being, and as though it might stick. It is increasingly evident that the country as a whole liked NRA better than it thought it did. The wholesale price cutting that became evident following the supreme' court's decision reminded businessmen that NRA meant something besides shortened working days for labor. MILES TRANSCENDS PARTISANSHIP Nashua Reporter: Frank Miles, editor of the Iowa Legionaire, is being groomed as a candidate for the United States senate from Iowa. Mr. Miles will run on the democratic ticket if he procures the nomination, which will be a disappointment to his republican friends, who admire his ability and deplore his party affiliations. APHID-; OR PLAM-T J.ICE P U R I N A WIMER AMD PASfURE. -THE APHlDS OH -THE FIRS-T PLAMfJ OF5PR.lM5 -I M REfilRM'THE APHID'S YlE.U.A SWEET JUICE. "ItiE AN-f-5 1-1 KE. A fi A * AAAAjM^ WHAT BECAME OF THIS PROMISE? Waukon Republican and Sentinel: Well, we're still waiting for the Iowa liquor commission, and other democrats in charge of our state government, to submit an educational program pointing out the virtues of .bstinence and other propaganda to discourage drink- ng, faithfully promised by democratic leaders in Iowa. SMALL SOLACE TO THESE FARMERS Wellman Advance: A quotation from Herbert Hoover: "Economic security and, in fact, social se- urity can be greatly strengthened by wider spread roperty ownership." Small solace to farmers who lost heir farms and bank accounts from 1929 to 1933. -TEMPLE /AT ABU 15 SHOWN ON S-TAMP VAN CLEEF 6F BALANCED AM EXHlBlTioM KETTLE BELL ON "foP IM ANEC.K10 NECK PoSl'TioM OM'loP of H IS _ HEAP Copyright, 1935, by Central Press Association. Inc. ""I" 5 DIET and HEALTH Dr. deadening cannvt diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of general Interest, however, they will be taken up. In order. In the daily column. Address your Inquiries to Dr. Logan Clendening, care of The Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. PITY FOR ALASKAN COLONISTS Elkader Register: For the sake of those hopeful eople who have made the long trip, we hope that ley will not turn out to be the innocent victims oÂ£ isionary bureaucrats whose main desire was to hold fat government job for themselves. UNPRECEDENTED TAX FOUNDATION Sioux City Journal: The Roosevelt administration achieving one thing with its new deal. It is builds' the widest and strongest and the highest founda- on for new taxation ever known in the history of overnmerit. ANOTHER "BOXSCORE" TTHE CHICAGO TRIBUNE each day prints its automobile death and accident "boxscore" under the heading, "The Massacre." One day recently it accentuated the travesty of the slaughter on its streets by reproducing the pictures of 264 out of the 449 persons killed in Cook county automobile accidents thus far In 1935. That's fine and we applaud it, as an injunction against recklessness and as an argument in favor of the system of elevated arterial highways sought, by the Tribune. We're wondering, however, if the Tribune would be willing to print another boxscore and another page of pictures showing the dozens who have been killed in automobile accidents because somebody drank the liquor advertised to the world in glowing terms, to the Tribune's great profit, in its columns. That would be interesting too, and perhaps helpful. WHY 219 ON RELIEF? Fairmont Sentinel: This page probably lacks in bility to understand but another thing beyond its com- rehension is any reason why there should be 219 amilies in this good county on poor relief. IT SERVES THEM RIGHT Charles City Press: "Soak the rich," now seems to the battle cry of the administration. Serves .them ;ht. They have no business with money. They should take their place on the bread lines. WHEN IOWA'S HIGH COURT ACTS Shell Rock News: When the supreme court of Iowa gets through passing upon the constitutionality of recently enacted laws, many of them may be minus everything but their skeletons. FED UP ON FATHER COUGHLIN Swea City Herald: Nobody pays any attention to the Detroit priest any more. For a number of months his radio broadcasts made a diversion on Sunday afternoons. FEWER CHISELING, IT SEEMS Wesley News-World: Now that the NRA has been declared unconstitutional there has been a big falling off in the demand for chisels. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG TRIBUTE TO A GREAT HORSERACER MARSHALLTOWN, July 3.--Seventy-two years ago Lt. Col. Hugo M. Bock, Fifth Alabama infantry, grievously wounded, was loaded into a springless wagon and jolted from Gettysburg to the Potomac. Sisters of charity examining him were told by a Surgeon: "Don't bother with dead men." Feebly baring his chest to show a Catholic emblem he "whispered: "I am not dead," and lapsed unconscious again. He recovered and at his summer home in Wisconsin told me many vivid stories of the great battle. Earlier, convalescing from wounds, he watched the Monitor and Merrimac in their, engagement that changed the naval history 'of the world. He never could agree about which won the victory, as the fight was not renewed. The Merrimac burned at her dock and the Monitor sank at sea. Colonel Bock stood 6 feet 4 inches in bare feet, never fat, straight as an arrow, big boned, as dark and powerful as Lincoln he never met his equal. We were inseparable companions many years at race tracks jointly interested in some notable trotters. He bred that dead-game split-heat winner, Lodina, by California, and Ed Hall, who still lives, drove her when she beat the supposed to be invincible Chain Shot, a long drawn out race. I owned and raced her famous son Lodaller, by Allerton, that broke his leg at Winona. Going easy in the lead his near front leg snapped like a pistol shot, he went down and I sailed over narrowly missed by Cory Kilvert and Clear Lake. An irreparable injury, Lodaller was buried in the infield and I raced his facsimile, Treverbyn, winning 10 consecutive races in 1918. A familiar cane carried by Colonel Bock in his last days was a rare Diamond Willow which I now carry. We were fellow democrats as well as fellow horsemen and never changed to paraphrase Greely: "Not all democrats are horsemen but all horsemen are democrats" "As on the turf and under it all men are equal." A grand man was Colonel Bock, a brave soldier, a gallant gentleman, a powerful Catholic layman and my good friend. MARVIN TRASK GRATTAN Past Commander, Post 122 G. A. R. (Its Last Survivor of 109 Men.) Dr. Clendeninr " By LOGX CLEXDESINO, JI. D. SURGEON LOSES LEGS I N LONDON there is a cheerful little man who has had both his legs amputated. He is -a surgeon. He records his own personal experience for the benefit of others, under the heading, "The Criteria of Intol- lerable Pain." He suffered that intolerable pain in both feet anc demanded that they be amputated because he could endure it.no longer. He wrote: "The clinical picture before operation is that of a man gradually wearing out in strength and spirit through pain, day and night, punctuated with bursts of acute agony which are a source of misery and anxiety to relatives and friends; immediately after amputation the patient rejoices in the sense of the daily access of increasing strength and good spirits." Can't Recreate Pain. We must all have experienced that feeling some time, of wanting to have some part of us that is undergoing pain actually cut off. A surgeon of my acquaintance told me not long ago of a patient who had walked into his consultation room that day holding out two thumbs and requested that they be cut off. Pain, however, once it is gone, leaves no sting. "Incidentally, it may be of interest to say that after 18 months of relief I find it quite impossible to recreate in memory the pains themselves, although the memory of the circumstances and of the associated phenomena is vivid enough." This patient has, however, not descended into Aver, nus in vain. He has some hints to help out the rest of humanity who may be suffering as he did. Discovers Ability. "Within eight weeks or so the patient discovers a number of duties which he can perform, and his general health will proceed uphill continuously if he takes, say, four miles vigorous exercise daily in an arm-propelled chair--an exercise very nearly as satisfying as is rowing. "He will even take a sporting interest of a modest kind in learning to walk on artificial legs. "If any member of the profession with borderline cases on his hands cares to talk the problem over, and to learn sundry little devices for making the legless man's life comfortable and happy, I shall be only too glad to see him." If any patient is interested in these little devices, this column will be,glad to act as an intermediary and send to that patient's physician the account of them. * * v QUESTIONS FROM READERS L. S. G.: "I am a girl 21; ever since I was 15 years old I have had unusually thick hair on my legs. I like to swim, and -it is embarrassing to hear bystanders make remarks. T, want something more permanent than depiliatories. Is the X-ray reliable for this purpose?" Answer: The question of treating superfluous hair with the X-ray has long been a troublesome one to answer. In years gone by, many attempts have been made to devise a safe X-ray dose so as to avoid not only immediate, but later changes affecting the skin. It has been found impossible to define such a dose that will remove hair and guarantee to the patient no unpleasant skin effects later. Dermatologists, as well as radiologists, are quite in accord that electrolysis is the method of choice and a much safer procedure for removing superfluous hair. It is a tedious method and it takes a long time to produce results, but it is devoid of the insidious dangers that follow X-ray treatment. ~^^~~~"~~~~~ By J. J. MDNDV "~~~~~~~-----DON'T WRITE ANGRY LETTER D ON'T WRITE a letter when you are angry. If you do write it, wait until the next day, read it over again; undoubtedly you will destroy it. It is so easy to put on paper words and phrases which would create an effect to be regretted. This is especially true in correspondence among relatives and friends. Many fine friendships which meant much to those who have enjoyed them have been broken by words written in angry, thoughtless haste. It is much harder to erase from the mind harsh words that are written. They seem to make an indelible impression. Even though retracted, with the plea for forgiveness also written, it does not have the same power that the first note had. You know that you are not fair and do not use good judgment when angry. You have a desire to hurt; you resort to sarcastic, scathing words. Later, when good sense returns, you regret it. Why not check the impulse to write hard, unkind things before it is done. Letters live after you. Care and careful thought should be used in writing them. EARLIER DAYS Belnp n Dally Compilation of Interesting Items from the Ten, Twenty and Thirty Years Ago Files of the Globe-Gazette. Thirty Years Ago-Miss Mary McManus of Clarion is visiting in the city with Mrs. Ed Kelley. Mr. and Mrs. K. Cowell and daughters are visiting friends in Madison, Wis. Miss Daisy Culver left last night for her home in Huntington, Ind. Mr. and Mrs. Hedrick of Chicago arrived in the city today and will visit at the home of Mrs. Hedrick's mother, Mrs. J. T. Richards, for a short time. Mr. and Mrs. A. Johnson have left for Minnesota where they will visit at various points during the next week. iu^i^K^^ijffiuasiiiHiiai^i^^ OBSERVING Jessie Baker of Fairfield is visiting in the city at the home of her former school companion, Mrs. Crozier. Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Crall of Burchinal visited in the city today. Arthur Curtis returned to Des Moines today after a week's visit in the city. Mrs. C. J. Mentzer returned to her home in Cedar Falls today after a two weeks' visit in the city with relatives. Twenty Years Ago-LONDON--So great has been the weight of reinforcements brought up by Russia along the stretch of territory between the rivers Vistula and Bug, notably in the vicinity of Krasnik, that the Austro-Hungarians have temporarily been forced to assume the defensive and pause in their rush toward Lublin and Warsaw, Mrs. R. R. Wixson and daughter, Alice, of St. Joseph, Mo., arrived in the city today to spend two weeks at the home of Mrs. Wilson's parents, Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Shipman, 1219 North Main street. Miss Gertrude Crittenden left today for Minneapolis where she has accepted a position. Judge and Mrs. A. H. Cummings left today for the east and will spend six weeks visiting at Newport, Vt., Boston, Mass., and other points. Steve Torosto was killed in a fight with Peter Zombost at Lehigh row last night. Coroner Long said death was caused by concussion of the brain. Police are looking for Zombost. NEW YORK CITY--Frank Holt, who attempted to assassinate J. P. Morgan and also set off a bomb at the capitol, today committed suicide by jumping from a second floor window of the jail in which he was being held. Ten Years Ago-Miss Florence Bergin of Osage visited yesterday at the O. R. A. Tollefson home, 122 Eleventh street southwest. Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Butler of Indianola, parents of W P. Butler, visited yesterday at the home of the :ounty attorney. Mrs. J. T. McDonald of Wichita, Kans., is visiting at the W. H. Griebling home, 9 Georgia avenue southeast. Mr. and Mrs. N. S. Wermes of Aurora, HI., and Mr. and Mrs. G. L Meiers of Dundee, HI, visited yesterday at the home of W S. Ellis. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Carroll, 214 Ohio avenue southeast, drove to Winfield and Mount Pleasant yes- ;erday to visit. Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Turner, 507 Twelfth street northwest, Pauline and Leland Hurley, 415 Fifth street southeast, and Bill Cross, 403 Fifth street southeast, drove to Lake Okoboji for a visit yesterday. Mrs. M. 0. Crawford left yesterday for Chicago on a buying trip for her millinery shop. _ _ ^ listened not long ago to IJ5^|Â£ remarkable young pianist 'OS?TM Everything about his playing measured up to the highest stanc ard of art. The reason I know thi is that I was in the company of man who knows his music throug! conservatory training. There wa just one shortcoming and that lay in the choice of numbers. The audi ence was made up of just the aver age mine-run of Iowa folks but th selections played were so high-brow as to require a special musica background to be appreciated. The result was that they were not ap preciated. The moral of this story is tha this lad's musical training is de ficient in this one practical respect He hasn't been taught to fit his music to the likely tastes of his aearers. I'm not suggesting, be known, that he should have broken forth with a popular syncopatet piece. Not at all. I am saying, however, that the pieces could have had some melody to them. There are some marches, for example, which lave a place on the upper shelf of classical music. In other words, it is possible for a lianist to hold and .please his crowc and keep within the bounds of the jest in music. Some day, through .his course, we may be led to an appreciation of those classics which rest on some other appeal than a moving melody--one that can be hummed. But I doubt the possibility of reaching that goal through an ntrusion of music which isn't music to the untrained ear. -- ^ can't fig-urn how a birthday ppg so prominent as that of Cals?^ vin Coolidge came to be omitted from the "Today in His- .ory" feature on this page. I'm gong to have to call it to Clark Kinnaird's attention. He's the compiler if this interesting- feature. For July 4 he listed Stephen Coins Foster, song writer, Nathaniel Hawthorne, poet, George M. Cohan, "ean of actors, ana Gloria Stuart, ilm star. I have no quarrel with his but I insist that the former iresident should have been at the head of the list. His birth took place on July 4, 1S72, at Plymouth, Vt. Mr. Kinnaird noted the uncanny historical fact that three, of the first five presidents--Jefferson, Adams and Monroe, all signers of the Declaration of Independence--died on the Fourth of July. 4WS)H^ draw on the "Chords and Ssfffe, Discords" column in the *^r Kforthwood Anchor for a reply to the big national concern which has a tabu on undernourished mustaches, referred to in this department not long ago: Â·"Great- Grief! How times do change. When I went clean shaven to a new job one time the new boss claimed I looked like a junior high school girl and that my face was indecently bare. Said he: 'The cus- tomers don't like to do business with young kids. You better raise a moostash' and I did--about the color of a sorrel horse and about as attractive as a shoe brush that has seen better days. But that was back in the times when 'moostashs' were really that--all bulky and spready like a clump of spire 'a that wasn't trimmed last year because of th drought." i t . ; "1 .Id in I r- I ig \ gggt.^ never thought this would K|p3 come to pass. Listen! In **" Sydney, Australia, a city ordinance has been adopted requiring gentlemen to keep their hats on in elevators. The measure was passed at the request of harassed department store managers, who complained that the passenger capacity of elevators was reduced nearly one half because gentlemen insisted on taking off their hats. Truly these must be happy days for the men of Sydney. They have been rescued from the tyrannies of a vicious precedent. Like men ev- ^ erywhere, they had been removing their hats in elevators simply be- C \ :ause it was "being done." They '' dad resorted to the various devices; J necessary for the protection of that'i ait of personal property which proi Â» Lects the top-knot from the ele-V, ments. These included holding it up V' under the chin, hoisting it above the -'. heads of other passengers with the arm akimbo, and holding it behind * :he back in a corner. Yet there were few of the Sydney men who had not "1 suffered the exquisite torture of having a perfectly good chapeau crushed in the melee of a crowded car--all for the sake of chivalry. The Australian ordinance should be copied everywhere. It is a real stepping stone in the march toward higher social order. In fact it is even to be recommended that" the eague of nations take a stand on his burning issue. --o-^ believe it needs repeating that there are two things the ~ motorist should do when he drives to the service station and rders the attndant to "fill her up." He should stop his engine and he hould refrain from smoking. A spark from a cigaret or a pipe, Â·r even a smouldering matclisticlt might start a fire or cause an ex- ilosion in the presence of spilled oil r gasoline. Furthermore, mixtures f gasoline vapor and air are ex- remely flammable and violent ex- losions often come from that ource. When the engine continues to run /hile the gas tank is being filled, le driver and the filling station at- endant, as well, are in jeopardy. Vhen the tank is opened, gasoline apor generally emerges. Should the car have an ignition leak--an. es- . ape of electricity due . to faulty 'ring or a similar defect--these umes may explode upon coming n contact with the leaking current. For safety, take everp precaution o keep gasoline and fire apart.' ANSWERS to QUESTIONS By FREDERICK J. HASKIN, DIRECTOR GLOBE-GAZETTE INFORMATION BUREAU IN* WASHINGTON A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by writing the Globe- Gazette Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. Flease lnc!oae three (3) cents lor reply. TODAY IN HISTORY Notables Born This Date--Barnet Barnato, born 1842, English peddler who went to Africa with a pack on his back and came back the successor of Rhodes as diamond king. Millions did not make him happy, he killed himself Dwight Davis, born 1880, former secretary of war and donor of Davis cup, emblem of world tennis supremacy Edouard Herriot, born 1872, French statesman who has several times been both premier of France and mayor of his home town simultaneously... .Frederick Lewis Alien, born 1890, author--Only Yesterday, etc. 1704--John Broughton was born in London, des- ined to become the father of professional boxing. A saloonkeeper who was handy with his fists, he drew up the London prize ring rules which made fighting a sport and remained its governing laws for almost 150 years. * * * 1811--The war of independence began in Venezuela, first of the South American countries to cast off the yoke of Spain. Liberator of Venezuela was a 28 year old aristocrat, Simon Bolivar. When the liberty had been won, Venezuela drove him out. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain.--Titus 3:9. Who was called tfie modern St. George of the pen? E. M. Applied to Thomas Nast, famous cartoonist. When did mahogany come into general use? E. F. While used in late Elizabethan days and the periods of William and Mary and Queen Anne, it was not until after 1715 that it came fully into its own. Prior to this, tile bulk of furniture in Europe was made of native species as the cost of a cargo of mahognany made it an expensive luxury. H. Avery Tripping in his tome, English Homes of the Early Georgian, in speaking of the use of mahogany as early as 1671 states, "While in the reign of Queen Anne, it gradually supplemented walnut in the cabinet maker's esteem." What does George Gershwin consider his best popular composition? F. J. "I've Got Rhythm." What is the derivation of the word academy? H. S. From the olive grove of Academe, Plato's retirement. Can postal savings accounts be opened at every post office? W. D. Only at postoffices designated as postal savings depositories. Can the finder of a meteor claim it? C. M. Courts have decided the meteorite belongs to the person on whose land it is found. Who is known as the James Whitcomb Biley of the cartoon ? E. F. The late Gaar Williams, noted Hoosier cartoonist. When is the Lake Placid horse show? G. F. Aug. 16, 17, and 18. What is zymurgy? E. M. A branch of technological chemistry treating of processes in which fermentation is the principal feature, as brewing, making of yeast and wine-making. Was Mary ,T. Holmes, novelist, married? W. H. Married to Daniel Holmes, a lawyer of Brockport, N. Y. What country has the highest automobile death rate per capita? E. R. U. S. with a rate of 23.3 deaths per 100,000 population leads all other countries. What is the source of the expression "passing the buck"? E. B. Derived from the game of cards. In such games, the counter or other object is placed on the table before the dealer and passed by him to the next dealer to prevent mistakes as tothe position of the deal. In poker, a marker is put into a. jack pot, anther jack pot being in order when the deal passes to him who holds the buck. Who was Highland Mary? G. F. Sweetheart of Robert Burns, to whom he addressed some of his finest poetry, including My Highland Lassie, O Highland Mary, and Thou Ling'ring Star. She is said to have been a daughter of Archibald Campbell, a Clyde sailor, and to have died young about 1784 or 1786. Nothing authentic is known of her and there is little reliance to be placed in the few indications that Burns gave in his poems or in his- letters. What kind of wood may be nsed to make Venetian blinds? K. E. The slats which are 2 inches wire and % inch thick may be made of bass, white pine, California redwood or Western cedar. These wooda must be light, dry, and thoroughly seasoned to prevent warping. How did Robinson Crusoe keep account of the passing of tune on his desert island? E. V. As soon as he landed he set up a post on which he cut a notch each morning. He says: "Every seventh notch was as long again as the rest, and every first day of the month, as long again aa that long one; and thus I kept my calendar, or weekly, monthly and yearly reckoning." "I never felt so mortified in my life. Things have come to a pretty pass when a banker tells his next-door neighbors they can't overdraw."