The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California on January 22, 1948 · 1
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The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California · 1

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Thursday, January 22, 1948
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All THE NEWS All THE TIME R SH7$ A. A. A " .A. PART I GENERAL NEWS LIBERTY UNDER THE LAW TRUE INDUSTRIAL FREEDOM VOL. LXVII cc THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 22, 1948 DAILY, FIVE CENTS Stalin-Hitler Plot to Divide Europe Told U.S. Discloses Top Secret Documents Dealing With Plans WASHINGTON, Jan. "21. KHE) The State Department published 260 Nazi Foreign Office documents tonight which claimed that Soviet Russia agreed with Nazi Germany in 1940 that the Unit ed States had "no business in Europe, in Africa, or in Asia." The documents also included ICazi reports of Soviet-Nazi con-yersation3 in which the Soviet "Union was said to have agreed In principle that she should act with the Axis powers jointly to prevent Anglo-Saxon domination of Europe. ,' All of the documents came from the Nazi Foreign Office of Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop,who was hanged as a war criminal. The Nuernberg International tribunal refused Kibbentrop permission to present them in hi3 defense at the trial. Nazi Memoranda The papers generally are Nazi memoranda of conversations between Nazi and Soviet officials from 1939 to 1941. No Russia versions of the talks are available. The" documents are Nazi versions of relations between Rus sia and Germany during their short-lived rapprochement. The heretofore top-secret pa pers said that Russia was ready to adhere to the Axis tripartite pact envisaging a "new world order" but eventually demanded from Germany too high a price for participation domination of the Balkans, the Dardanelles and the Baltic. Reason for Split Adolf Hitler finally decided upon war against Stalin because, ' "above all," Germany needed the Balkan Peninsula which Russia also coveted. The Nazi documents on Soviet- German relations before the Hitler invasion of Russia were made public by the State Department with little warning and without explanation except that "they were ready now." The release comes at a critical stage in the Russo-Amencan "cold war" and midst Congres sional debate on the Marshall European recovery plan. Other One Later The 260 documents contained In a 362-page State Department book deal with Soviet relations with the Nazis only from 1939 to 1941. They are part of the tons jf papers and records cap tured by American forces m Germany. Others relating to other phases of German foreign policy will be published later, jointly with Great Britain and Poland. The documents cover" the details of how the 1939 Soviet-Nazi nonagsrression pact, which preceded World War II, wa3 negotiated; texts of its secret protocols and subsequent secret changes; Hitler's and Joseph Stalin's grandiose plans for "liquidating"' the British Empire and carving up all of the Eurasian-African continents into spheres of influence, and the final deterioration of Soviet-Nazi relations which led to war when Hit ler couldn't stomach Russia's territorial demands. Marriage of Convenience The documents tend to show that both Russia and Germany considered their short-lived rapprochement a marriage of convenience, although the evidence appears clear even from the German documents that Russia was doing everything possible up un- Tnrn to Page 7, Column 3 SECRET SERUM TO PROLONG LIFE REPORTED GIVEN. STALIN Chicago Trtbun Preu Serrte PARIS, Jan. 21. The secret serum known as A.C. (anti-reticular cytoxic) which the late Russian scientist, Dr. Alexander A. Bogomolets, claimed might prolong human life to 150 years, is being given to Prime Minister Stalin in a laboratory in Moscow. This was reported among other claims published today in the Paris press. It wa3 revealed that two Paris hospitals, the Hotel Dieu and Petits Menages are treating 300 men and women with the serum. Here are some of the other claims and reports just published here: In addition to Stalin, 40,000 other Russians are receiving identical treatment in two laboratories at Moscow and Kiev. The United States received the formula for the secret serum in 1942 in exchange for medical supplies shipped to the Soviets as part of lend-lease. The weekly newspaper, France Dimanche, in a full page article publishes photographs and interviews of five women and two men receiving the treatment and completely rejuvenated after being near death two years ago. French savants, the article says, are utilizing the serum imported from Russia because French law forbids employing any part of a human corpse in medicine before 24 hours have elapsed after death. The serum is reported to be made from the human spleen and spinal fluid taken from a body not more than 10 hours after death and is injected intramuscularly. It is claimed the serum rejuvenates nerve tissue whose hardening with, age causes organic degeneration. It is said to act , on the capillary veins, increases the distribution of blood throughout the body, and also stimulates the elimination of toxic matter and waste from the system. Copyright. 1948. by the Ch!cgo Tribune FEATURES INDEX Horner Girl, Found, to Face Questioning Jacqueline Horner, missing Los Angeles pianist who was found in San Francisco in company of sailor, will face questioning on her mvstery disappearance. Page 2. Part I. On Other Pages . AMUSEMENTS. Page 19. Part L . COMICS. Page 14, Part II. FINANCIAL. Page 17. Part L HOPPER. Page 18, Part I. M LEMORE. Page 14. Part L POLYZOIDES. Page 6, Part L RADIO." Page 2. Part II. SOUTHLAND. Page 15. Part L SPORTS. Page 11, Part II. VITAL RECORD. Page 20. Part L WEATHER. Page 20. Part L WOMEN. Page 5. Part IL Tito War Threat Published in Trieste Paper PARIS, Jan. 21. (JP) The Italian newspaper La Voce in Trieste published today a purported speech by Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia in which he was quoted as saying war with Britain and the United States was perhaps "a question of several weeks" and that Yugoslavia had a weapon more destructive than the atomic bomb. Pierre G. S. Dumas, assistant editor of the pro-de Gaulle news paper, Dissidence 40, which pub- lisnea the same purported speech on Dec. 15, said today, however, that he was convinced the report was a fabrication. La Voce in Trieste said it had had the text of the purported speech for a month but delayed publication until convinced it was authentic and upon learning it had been published in Dissidence 40. Dissidence 40's text quoted Tito as telling a secret gathering of the Yugoslav Communist Party Executive that it was necessary, to "decide all indispensable questions which will permit the definite annihilation of the reaction" and that time was short. Quotes Published The published text said he threatened to "surprise the reaction" and contained these other quotations: "We have a very strong army, well organized, that we don't nourish with chocolate and cake" and which is ready to "chase the divisions of the gangsters who are concentrated in Italy and Austria." "We are ready to sink their fleet in the Adriatic." "To their atomic bombs we will reply with ours." "Our soldiers are equipped with the most modern arms and a material whose destructive force is superior to that of the atomic bomb." Boasts of Russia "We are receiving our material from inexhaustible sources, and our communication lines will never be cut." "The Russian arsenals are producing 30,000 tanks monthly." - "Russian general headquarters disposes of 150 divisions which can be on the march in 48 hours, and destroy all obstacles on its route and reach Paris." "War against the Anglo-Americans is inevitable. It is perhaps even a question of several w eeks." . Chinese Border Mongols Being Won Into Red Orbit Jehol Province and Manchuria Also Yielding to Drive to Engulf Districts Near Russia BY WALDO DRAKE, Times Asiatic Bureau SSUTZEWANGFU (Inner Mongolia) Jan. 21. (Via Pei-ping) At this blizzard-swept outpost of Chinese military influence there is plentiful evidence that Sovietized Outer Mongolia is engaged in the envelopment of the Mongol peoples in the northern borderlands of China's Inner Mongolian provinces of Chahar, Suiyuan and Ningsia. There are equally valid indl Huey's Brother Leads in Vote for Governor NEW ORLEANS, Jan. 21. UP) A bitter, no-holds-barred contest for Governor of Louisiana was in prospect tonight between Earl K. Long, brother of the late Sen. Huey P. Long, and Sam Houston Jones, both of whom have held the office before. The two men, who faced each other in a runoff in 1940, with Jones coming out on top, led a field of four in yesterday s Democratic primary on the basis of returns from most of the State's precincts. Long was ahead by more than 50,000. Tabulation of 1203 of 1878 precincts gave Long 147,209; Jones, 96,956; Appeals Judge Robert F. Xennon, 7o,416, and U.S. Rep. James H. Morrison, 62,688. Victory ir. a second primary, which is provided by State law when no candidate receives a majority in the first balloting, amounts to election In one-party Louisiana, cations that the Outer Mongolians are enjoying similar success in Jehol Province and Manchuria as part of a campaign to divest China of its last security belt against Soviet penetration. The operation seems to be succeeding chiefly because of China's inability or unwillingness to do much to win back the fast-evaporating loyalty of 1,000,000 surviving Mongols who roam the great steppes and mountains south of the Outer Mongolian border. - Mongols Take Over Since, the .Pacific war, Outer Mongolians (the Mongol Peoples Republic) have monopolized the Sino-Outer, Mongolia frontier. They have border "guards every few miles. No Chinese military patrols have ventured within 50 miles of this frontier. Outer Mongolians have apparently expropriated and occupied at least two important segments of Chinese frontier territory and established defenses therein. Outer Mongolian patrols and secret police have ventured as deep as 100 miles into Chinese territory. There is direct evidence that Outer Mongolians or Soviet troops have kidnaped and enticed across their frontier hundreds of young Mongols for Marxist Indoctrination at Urga, for subsequent return "to Inner Mongolia as propagandists. Son of Leader Held One of these victims is the 30-year-old son of Teh Wang, leader of the Mongols' prewar autonomous movement Printed propaganda literature urging the Chinese-governed Mongols to strike for independence and alignment with the Mongol Peoples Republic is being distributed by Outer Mongolian horsemen at Mongol Buddhist temple crossroads throughout the borderlands. Through the courtesy of Gen. Fu Tso-yi, commander-in-chief of North China's anti-Communist campaign, this correspondent has been able to cross the Taching Mountains and reach Ssutzewangfu, 120 mile3 south of the Outer Mongolian border.. Turn to Page 10, Column 3 ' Tax Cut May Go Over Six Billions WASHINGTON, Jan. 21 (JP) The staff of tax specialists em ployed by Congress estimated today that the 1948 tax cut under the Republican-backed Knutson bill may run as high as $6,500,' 000,000 instead of the $5,600,000,- 000 previously estimated. Colin F. Stam, head of the staff, laid this estimate before the House Ways and Means Com mittee. He explained that the re vision is due to a steady increase in the personal incomes of the 50,000,000-plus income tax payers, G.O.P. leaders set a goal for a slash of "at least $3,000,000,000" in President Truman's $39,700,' 000,000 budget for fiscal 1949, to make room for the Republican tax reduction and a sizable pay ment on the nation's debt. Speaker Martin (R.) Mass., and Seni Taft (R.) O., chairman of the G.O.P. policy committee, announced after a meeting of the Senate-House Republican high command that the leaders have decided to call on the joint budg et committee to trim down the budget and clap a ceiling on Federal spending. C.A.A. Plane Disappears DENVER, Jan. 21. (JP)A Civil Aeronautics Administration plane with three men aboard disappeared tonight on a two-hour flight from Denver to Grand Junction, Colo. Twenty minutes after taking off from Denver, the plane ra dioed it had encountered severe turbulence" and snow squalls at 14,500 feet. There was no other report from the craft Aboard the ship were Pilot Fred Snavely, Kansas City, Kan., and Copilot Warren Ling- strum, Leavenworth, Kan., and Koss Brown, an aeronautical in spector for C.A.A. FILM TAX TRADE DEAL SUGGESTED BY BRITAIN LONDON, Jan. 21. (JP) Harold Wilson said today Britain is willing to modify the 75 per cent tax on imported films if earnings of British movies can be increased in foreign markets. Wilson is president of the Board of Trade (Commerce Department.) He told the House of Commons: "We are prepared to make any reasonable arrangement and to work out a scheme which would allow extra earnings for foreign films to be taken out of the country to the extent that our British films earn more money overseas. Skouras in London "To the extent that dollars are earned," he said, "we are prepared to propose some modification of the duty." Wilson spoke shortly after the arrival here by air of Spyros Skouras, president of 20th Century-Fox Film Corp. Wilson, moving second reading of the cinematograph films bill, declared Hollywood's embargo on American film shipments to Britain would not force Britain to drop the tax, which was imposed last August as a dollar saving measure. However, Wilson added: , "In facing up to the position which would arise if the deadlock were not removed, I would not like to give the impression that we expected that deadlock to continue." Seeks 'Understanding' "The best of Hollywood's films will always be welcomed in Britain, as well as the products of continental studios," Wilson said. "On the negotiations so far on the embargo, such proposals as we have received from the American industry do not seem to be founded on a real understanding of the position. "I am confident that I can say to Hollywood that if they believe they can squeeze us into modifying our attitude by modifying the duty, they are backing a loser." " Hoover Flays Aid Program as Too Cosily Plan Called Peril; to U.S. Economy; Offers Alternatives WASHINGTON, Jan. 21. (UP) Former President Hoover tonight condemned the administration's European recovery program as unwise and too costly for the American economy and the taxpayer to bear. In a 3500-word critique of the Marshall plan, he ripped up practically all of its major planks and offered substitutes which would, in effect, create an entirely new foreign aid structure. The changes he proposed would slash more than $4,000,-000,000 from the initial $6,800,-000,000 appropriation asked by President Truman to carry the aid project through the first 15 months beginning April 1, Urges Credit Plan His proposals would achieve most of that saving by persuading other Western Hemisphere nations to grant direct credits to Europe for $3,300,000,000 worth of farm products which the administration planned to buy from them and re-export to Europe. They would impose on all countries to receive aid strict conditions which the administration thus far has shied away from asking. And he recommended that the United States for the present commit itself only to a 15-month program, instead of the four-year authorization urged by Mr. Truman. Against Long Term "Even a moral commitment to a four-year program i3 un wise, Mr. Hoover said. "We cannot enforce ideas upon other self-governingr peoples, and we should keep ourselves entirely free to end our efforts without recrimination." His sweeping criticism was made in a memorandum to Chairman Arthur H. Vanden- berg (R.) Mich., of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee at the latter s request. In summary, these were the proposals of the Republican elder statesman and World War I Food Administrator to Europe: Organization A bipartisan commission of Federal officials and private citizens should ad minister aid. It wonld be chosen by Mr. Truman after "prior con sultation with the Congressional leaders. We are placing the con trol of the whole American economy in the hands of the organization which directs these op erations. Hoover said. " . , Any such power should not be placed in the hands of any one man or any one department of our government. Scope Aid to China, Germany, Japan and Korea should be wrapped into the Marshall plan and administered by the. commission. Conditions "In each country the plan envisages an increase in productivity by abandonment of restraints upon enterprise and economy;" also, an economic un ion of the U.S., British and French zones of Germany. Period "Even a moral com mitment to a four-year program is unwise. We cannot enforce ideas upon other self-governing peoples, and we should keep ourselves entirely free to end our efforts without recrimination." Limiting the burden It Turn to Page 4, Column 3 BIAS f u P3 i AT COL II ON Boy's Curiosity About Marvels of Electricity Results in His Death A boyish curiosity about the marvels of electricity last night resulted in the death of Tommy Albert Cooper Jr., 11, of Sherman Oaks. His body was found by his mother, Mrs. Doris Cooper, beside an electric train in a playhouse - at the rear of the family home at 4235 Kester Ave. He had been killed by an 8000-to-9000 volt charge of electricity which coursed through his body when he plugged a welding transformer into a base outlet so that it stepped up, rather than stepped down, the voltage, police said. Find's Son's Body The boy's body was found after the housekeeper for the boy's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Tommy Albert Cooper Sr., both of whom were away, missed him at dinner. She called Mrs. Cooper at her Beverly Hills music studio. Mrs. Cooper sped home. A search led to the darkened playhouse where she tried in vain to switch on its lights. With a match she found her son's body crumpled , beside the transformer. i Police said a playmate, Charles Walker, also 11, of 14560 Benefit St., Sherman Oaks, had accompanied Tommy Jr. to the playhouse after school. They played with the train, Charles said, then Tommy went to a near-by garage and returned with the transformer. He told Charles to "watch the sparks," the latter said, then "crossed some wires." Frightened Boy Flees Sparks flew and Charles, frightened, fled. Later he returned to see the lights out and Tommy, strangely silent, half sitting, half crouching beside a chair, police said. , Again frightened, he ran home, and told his story to police some time later after Mrs. Cooper found the boy's body. Cooper, ' a salesman for a Beverly Hills appliance company, said Tommy always was experimenting with radio sets and electrical hookups and was unusually proficient for one so young, although apparently entirely unfamiliar with the dangers of high voltage. The Coopers have another son, Larry, 18 months old. Customs Men Threaten Fines Against Milk Ship MEN PATRONIZING BEAUTY SALONS TO CAUSE LAW CHANGE PLANDOME (N.Y.) Jan. 21. (JP) Mrs. Gehesta M. Strong, New York State legislator, today said that so many men are going to beauty parlors nowadays it has become necessary to amend a State law she wrote last year. She said the present law, setting up regulations for licensing beauty parlors, refers to those performing beauty operations on "female heads." Now, she said, she is seeking to amend this to read "human heads." ' "The change is necessary," Mrs. Strong said, "because so many men are getting permanent waves, rinses, massages, shampoos and dyes." . Illustrated en Page 3, Part I While loading operations and rechristening - ceremonies : for California's good-will ship, the Golden Bear, were in progress at Long Beach Harbor yester day, U.S. customs officials in San Francisco announced that the ship would be subject to fines for failure to clear port officially there and for failure to file the required manifest of cargo. The customs officials said that the ship, carrying milk to hungry children in the Mediter ranean area, may be assessed fines of $500 for each infraction and possibly $50 a day for every day of delay in filing. Warren Tells. Assurance Gov. Warren said that he had assurance from tne btate Department and from a deputy col lector of customs in the Bay City that all papers required of the Golden Bear were in order prior to the sailing there. . "I want the public to know," he said, "that none of the money collected for milk will be used to pay fines. If fines are levied against this ship, I will pay them personally." . Loading Continued At Long Beach more than 500 persons witnessed tne ceremonies at Berth 6, Pier A. Participants in the program included Gov. Warren, Mayor Burton W. Chase of Long Beach, Dep. May or Orville Caldwell of Los Ange les, Navy dignitaries and celeb rities from the entertainment in dustrv. Longshoremen continued load- ine 300 tons of milk as tne cere monies were in progress. The Golden Bear, manned by mid' shiDmen of the California Mari time Academy, leaves Long Beach today, en route to San Diego and eventually to France, Italy and Greece. "In a world where cruelty is imposed on top of the destruc tion of war, this contnoution will help restore confidence and faith," Gov. Warren said in an address. "The gesture will have a double significance in that it will be delivered by 100 fine cadets, representing a cross section of the people that make up Ameri ca," Warren continued. "They will be 100 ambassadors of good will to Europe." Celebrities Present Among the screen celebrities attending were Actress Joan Leslie, Actor Leo Carrillo and Singer Gail Robbins. Margaret O'Brien rechristened the Golden Bear with a bottle of milk. George P. Taubman, president of the Long Beach Chamber of Commerce, presided. A representative of the oil in dustry contributed a check for $15,000 to the ship to buy fuel for her voyage. The check was presented by Ralph B. Lloyd, president of the Western Oil & Gas Association. CITRUS CROP DAMAGE LOW AS COLD LESSENS , Little damage was reported done to Los .Angeles County citrus crops yesterday by sub- freezing temperatures which the Weather Bureau said were near- ing an end. - Although consiaeraoie damage was feared in citrus groves in Santa Barbara and Orange counties, Howard J. Ryan, coun ty agricultural commissioner here, reported "very little" harm to crops in the Los Angeles area. Floyd Young, regional director of the bureau and frost warn ing expert, said he expected ther mometers to drop low enough this morning to require firing by growers, but added the situation is improving gradually. He doubted if firing would be necessary tomorrow morning. Frost coated Southland lawns again in the pre-dawn hours. Costa Mesa, three miles from the ocean, , was coated with white. The mercury dropped to 21 at Bishop, 22 at Palmdale, 24 at Newhall, 25 at Garden Grove, 25 in Carpintena, 26 at Whit-tier, 27 at Riverside and San Juan Capistrano, 28 at East Anaheim, 29 at West Anaheim, 30 at San Bernardino, 32 at Indio and 34 at Santa Barbara. Lemon crops were feared dam aged in the Santa Barbara' area. The fruit freezes generally about 2 degrees above oranges. Roy Black, agricultural commissioner of Orange County, said "con siderable damage was done citrus crops there. The bureau's forecast gives little hope for alleviation of the current dry spell. It predicted mostly clear weather today and tomorrow, except for local fog on the coast, and not much change in temperature. The top temperature here yesterday was 72 degrees and the lowest 38 degrees. fl D AlcDPW Near-by Cities Rocked by Concussion Illustrated on Pagr 3, Part I Exploding prematurely, a heavy' charge of blasting powder yesterday killed four men at the California Portland Cement Co. quarry and rocked the near-by cities of Colton, San Bernardino and Riverside. The blast went off at 2:10 p.m. a few minutes before the workers Avere to have quit for the day. In Colton, which is less than a mile from the sprawling plant, more than twoscore windows shattered under the concussion. Many were broken in the business section, but heaviest glas3 damage was reported in homes situated but a few blocks from the quarry. Passers-by Showered ; A large -plate glass window in the Bank of America at Third and E Sts., San Bernardino, more than five miles away, crumpled under the shock and showered splinters near pedestrians on the town's busiest corner. . Company officials at the cement plant identified the dead as Omar Smith, 37, of 4141 Dwight St.; Charles Martinez, 33, of 5340 Bell St.; Pascual Martinez, 20, of 4120 Vine St., and Jerry Joseph Hairston, 23, of 3195 Prospect Ave., all of Riverside. The two Martinezes were not related. The men were isolated on the quarry slope when the charge exploded and no other workmen were injured. Frank Wilson, foreman of the crew, had just left to make , out time cards. Hairston had reported to work at the plant yesterday morning for his first day on the job. Machine Blamed Officials at the plant tentatively blamed the blast on failure or faulty functioning of an automatic powder-loading machine that feeds explosives into rocls seams. The machine was described as "time-tested" by John Lonergan, attorney for the cement concern. Buildings near the explosion escaped damage because of pro tecting ridges, it was explained. The blast was located in an upper quarry on the south face of, the cement-producing mountain. At Colton Union High School, situated less than a half mile from the plant, the concussion knocked panes from a number . of windows .-nd sent students running from ".lassrooms. No injuries were reported there, however. - Church Window Smashed A valuable stained glass win dow importecT f rom Belgium for the Colton First Baptist Church about 10 years ago wrs smashed. Although seven miles from the scene of the explosion, Riverside felt he shock but escaped heavy damage. Emergency and ambulance crews and police were hurried to the plant, traffic was temporarily halted on busy Highway 99, from which the quarry and plant are familiar sights to travelers. Police-Sgt. C. T. Greer of the Colton police described the explosion as "terrible." He added that it felt as if a giant hand shook the building. Red Arms Store Found by Czechs PRAGUE, Jan. 21. (U.R) Minister of Justice Prokop Drtina told Parliament today that "large illegal stores" of arms and munitions belonging to the Communist party had been discovered during an inquiry into the September bomb plot . against three government leaders. Drtina, a National Socialist, said the arms included tommy guns, machine guns, rifles, hand grenades and several thousand rounds of ammunition for each type of weapon. Three States Feel Blast at Army Dump SAVANNA (111.) Jan. 21. () An ammunition magazine blew up tonight at the Savanna ordnance plant, sending an earth-auakelike roar . through threa States in a 100-mile radius, but apparently caused no casualties. Armv officials said the hiac was confined to an isolated dump at tne piant, wnich 13 located 10 miles north of here on the Mis. sissippi River. They added that the explosion resulted when a 105-mm. shell exploded and fired other ammu-nition. The impact blew out most of the windows in Savanna, but there were no other reports of damage in the area. Traveling down the river, it shattered at least one plate gldss window in downtown Moline, 50 miles to the south. At Peoria, 100 miles southeastward, windows were rattled.

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