The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California on February 13, 1945 · 1
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The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California · 1

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Tuesday, February 13, 1945
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IN TWO PARTS ALL THE NEWS ALL THE TIME Largest Home Delivered Circulation Largest Advertising Volume tme, PART I - GENERAL NEWS ' Times Office: 202 West First Street - Los Angeles 53, Col. Times Telephone Number MAdison 2345 LIBERTY UNDER THE LAW TRUE INDUSTRIAL FREEDOM VOL. LXIV CC TUESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 13, 1945 DAILY, FIVE CENTS FORMULA VIAL PEACE ED I Two Nazi Citadels Seized by Allies Kleve, Pruem Fall as Canadians and Americans Prepare Push on Rhine PARIS, Feb. 12. (JP) Kleve and Pruem fortresses of Western Germany's front line the onslaught of two Allied armies striking 115 miles apart in the forefront of an expected big push from the west. The Canadian 1st -Army engulfed devastated Kleve, northern anchor linking the Westwall with the Rhine, then pressed on two miles southeast within 22 miles of Wesel, in the northwest corner of the Ruhr industrial basin, last great source of German war power. This city of 20,000 is the first major prize taken in the Canadian-British nve,-day-oid offensive. Its capture threatens to turn the Allies loose around the north- flank for a slashing drive behind enemy forces defending the Rhine plain. Pruem Captured Easily Pruem, a stronghold in the Eifel Mountains 115 miles south of Kleve, was captured with surprising ease by the U.S. 3rd Army, which thereby seized control of the entire highway network east of its 10-mile breach in the Siegfried Line. Only a few isolated snipers along the Pruem River still con test American control of this highway hub. Heavy fire east of the river shows that the enemy means to contest any attempt to plunge deeper into the mountains toward the Rhine. Kleve and Pruem stood firm when the Allies were rampaging through Western , Europe last fall. British and American -forces got no closer to Kleve than the edge of the Reichswald now largely overrun and the U.S. 1st Army was stopped west of Pruem. Tvro Rivers Bridged The 3rd Army also is challenging the enemy hold on the Westwall southwest of Pruem along the German-Luxembourg border. It threw pontoon bridges across the Our and Sure rivers at several points and sent tanks and Jank destroyers across in a mounting drive. The path ahead of the Americans is mountainous, and the Germans are showing more alarm at the Canadian drive on the Rhine plain. A front dispatch said the enemy has brought up armored units to bolster their sagging lines southeast of Kleve and that four Panther tanks were knocked out. Great Rhine Attack Feared One enemy broadcast admitted that Field Marshal Montgomery is breaking through the Kleve defenses and another expressed fear that Gen. Eisenhower is massing tanks for a Rhine break-through. Other German accounts said a large-scale offensive is impending farther south in the Aachen area, where the" British 2nd and U.S. 9th armies are deployed on the flooded Roer River 14 miles from the Ruhr city of Muen-chen-Gladbach. The U.S. 1st Army on the Upper Roer likewise was idle as Torn to Page 6, Column 3 JAPS' REMAINING PLANE PLANTS BEING MOVED , nw York TimM 1 20th Air Force through photo-WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. Ja- graphic reconnaissance only pan. under the threat of in-, within the last three days, creased bombings, now has start-l r- :fnri ed dismantling and dispersing those of her aircraft factories which as yet have not been struck by American Superfortresses, Brig. Gen. Lauris Nor-stad, chief of staff of the 20th Air Force, disclosed here today. This information, marking a de'elopment in. Japan's defensive measures which Gen. Nor-stad termed "significant and startling," was obtained by the FEATURES INDEX RADIO. Page 2, Part II. WOMEN'S ACTIVITIES. Pge 5, Part II. FINANCIAL. Page fi. Part II. COMICS. Page 9. Part II. MOTION PICTURES AND THEATERS. Page 7, Part H. NEWS OF SOUTHLAND. Page 2, Part II. SPORTS. Page 8, Part II. WEATHER. Page . Part II. RATION POINTERS. Page 5, Part II. PUZZLE. Page 9. Part II. DEATH NOTICES. Page 6. Part II. PICTORIAL PAGE. Page 3, Part I. of defense today fell before t Soviet Forces Push 16 Miles Across Silesia LONDON', Feb. 13. (U.R) Red army forces, opening the second month of their winter, offensive, pushed 16 miles across Silesia yesterday in an outflanking drive southeast of Berlin that carried to within 74 miles of Dresden, Germany's seventh city. Far behind the main fighting front the Russians crushed the last organized resistance in long- besieged Budapest, capturing 30,000 German troops in the last two days. At the northern end of the S00-mile eastern front, the 1st White Russian Army went into action north of Bydgoszcz, pushing to within 55 miles south of Danzig in a drive that lengthened the line advancing toward the Baltic to 200 miles between the Vistula and Oder rivers. Polish Cerfter Taken In the south, he 4th .Ukrainian Army seized the big Polish communications center of Biel-sko' and drove on to the approaches of the Moravian, Gap leading into highly-industralized Bohemia and Moravia. Moscow disclosed that in the final liquidation of encircled To-1 run, on the east bank of the 1 1000 tons of explosives in a 48-. Vistula northwest of Warsaw, jh our period ending Sunday 13,000 enemy troops were killed and lo.OOO captured. On the basis of previous Moscow announcements, that action, coupled with the Germans captured at Budapest, brought enemy losses in the first month of the Soviet offensive to approximately 614,000 killed and 214,000 captured. Germans Disclosure Moscow's broadcast communiques gave no report on Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov's 1st White Russian forces poised along the east bank of the Oder at points; ji to 43 mnes irom Benin, ine Sorne Japanese shells vester-Germans said, however, they had jay feu around the water reser moved up the east bank to the big bend of the river at the town, of Zaeckerich, 31 miles northeast of Berlin and 40 miles south-southwest of Stettin. Soviet front dispatches, tend ing to confirm German reports that the Russians were acros the Oder at five points east of Berlin, said that an early thaw had caused the river to rise five Turn to Page 4, Column 3 SX K Zin IL To. tion even at the plants which have not been bombed. He declared it is difficult to estimate how seriously the ene - my has been affected by the Superfortress missions, but a board of Army and Navy experts, he added, has made these estimates. The great Mitsubishi plant at Nagoya has lost one to three months' production 1400 to 3300 1 engines. The Mitsubishi air- j frame plant also had its produc- j tion cut by 100 to 200 airframes. : The Kawasaki plant at Kobe, on basis of "preliminary reports"! i alone, has lost 800 to 1000 en- gines; also 350 to 7o0 combat! aircraft. ! Bad weather interfered witb efforts to bomb the Nakajima plant at. Tokyo, but reconnaissance shows that approximately 50 bombs have struck the target. Copyniht, 1945. New York Tims FIRST f 4 'V pr-l tin -tmSir- in mnLiiK,rn I'-l.it-F.iiHoTMjnjiigita y.,--itif MgjiatMiuiMijmiif. , r'i nfir.t.iii .-.-..'.r.j, ff MmmA ' i PLOTTING NAZIS' DOWNFALL Together or their historic conference at Yalta on the Crimean coast, the "Big Manila Yanks Hem Japs Info Death Pocket MAXIJ,A, Feb. 13. (P) Three Yank divisions- linked forces vesterday in a solid line whiclri hemmed a furiously fighting Japanese suicide garrison against the shell-wrecked bay front of Manila south of the Pasig River, while American troops to the north cut Luzon Island in half. The enemy's only possible means of escape from Manila would be across the bay to Corregidor and Bataan, which bombers of all types battered with a record weight of nearly night May Fight to Death The hazards of such a flight were emphasized in today's communique which reported American fighter planes sank 35 barges, loaded with 2500 Jap anese, off the shores of Bataan : Peninsula Sunday. It appeared more likely the Nipponese in South Manila would stand and die in the rubble-strewn area they hold, al- i ready 'compressed to less than five square miles. voir northeast of Manila as the enemy attempted to do what a demolition squad . tried and failed cut off the Manila water supply. The American bombers, attack .'and fighter planes which spilled destruction on the Japanese at Corregidor and Bataan made 500 sorties in the 48-hour period. Bombs Hit Peninsula More than 700 tons of explosives, dropped by bombers "of all categories." thundered amnns hapless Japanese on the south end of Bataan Peninsula. More than 200 tons hit Corregidor where Japanese guns have been silent for more than a week after sustained aerial poundings. Within Manila Gen. MacArthur announced the extinction ,he.eny npar the twm a.ms of conse but that erving the Turn to Page 5, Column 3 : TU C WORLDS j lilt TTwIXLl J WAR FRONTS WESTERN FRONT A1-. lied armies capture Kleve' and Pruem to set stage for drive to the Rhine. Page 1. EASTERN FRONT Sn. viets lunge 16 miles across Silesia in 'giant outflanking drive south of Berlin to within 74 miles of Dresden. Page 1. PHILIPPINES American forces from north, east .'and south join in Manila; 000 tons of bombs hit tip of Bataan and Corregidor. Page 1. ITALY Yank division forced to retreat in Italy. Page fi. PICTURE OF 'BIG THREE' AT I . ' ' V ' lass O 7 X Trjr V.. rS s7 Aha! Cries MacArthurs .WASHINGTON. Feb. 12. WP) Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita, resuming his rhetorical offensive against Gen. Douglas MacArthur, said today: ''The enemy is now at Jong .last in our hands.'' It was Yamashita who, parlier in the Pacific war, said, 'The enemy, retreating northward, has advanced south." Yamashita was quoted today in a Philippine front-line Domei dispatch, broadcast by Tokyo radio. He said: "The enemy is now at long last in our hands. The American invaders desiring speedy Rail Car Crash Causes Blaze Fire that leaped hundreds of feet into the air along the Southern Pacific right, of way at Wright St., just east of the old Ascot Speedway, about midnight destroyed two railroad tank cars, telephone poles, power lines and billboards, and attracted large crowds. No one was injured. The flames were from the tank cars which were ignited, firemen said, when they were bumped by a switch engine. Deputy Fire Chief F. A. Roth-ermell said one car contained gasoline and the other fuel oil. The flaming oil spread more than a quarter of a mile along the right of way. Heat from the flames was so intense that, firemen from the many units summoned to the scene were unable to get to the cars with equipment. Rails were twisted and curled from the heat. Chief Rothermell said the switching engine was undamaged, as the crew backed it away from the tank cars. Officer Shot by Motorists A motorcycle officers attempt!" ll" F'-'i" to give a driver a citation early today ended with the shooting down of.the officer and escape of two men suspects. The officer, Harry Labrow. 33. of 213o Gatewood, was taken to ! Georgia Street Receiving Hospi-jtal with bullet wounds in the ileft side and right shoulder. He 1.1. XIV. ialso was suffering such profound shock that an immediate police ! y out tair weatner prom ' radio call was sent out, asking I lsed b-v tne weatherman. ifor blood donors. I l.J?Z ?hot '"ufiMAN BREAKS LEG partner, George Osteraas said, he had stopped a car with two men. 1 Osteraas said he and Labrow took after the car at Washington Blvd. and Vermont Ave. for speeding. At Budlong the car turned. Osteraas was going too fast, to follow, and went around the block. j When he came upon the final (scene, Labrow had been shot. The driver's companion - took jboth officers' guns and shot the air out of Osteraas' tires, he saidl i&) Wlrrphoto via mdio from London Thi'ee" pose for a picture on the Livadia Palace grounds. Left to right; Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin. Yamashita: in My Trappans Disclosed occupation of Manila released wild handit troops into the city, allowing them to carry out plunder and arson. ' Due to the enemy's wanton bombing, the city has turned into a veritable e pfAre and 1,000,000 citizens are now on the verge of starvation. -- "At last Douglas MacArthur is in my iron trap. J have been chasing the enemy's . commander all over the southern seas area and each time he has slipped away from me. "This time it will be different, and my pleasure nf a face to face meeting will be realized." TRUANT DETAIL TO OPERATE IN DOWNTOWN AREA School students no longer will be permitted to spend unauthorized holidays in downtown Los Angeles under action of the Board of Education which yesterday recommended that a truancy detail be re-established in the area. The detail was discontinued two months ago because of personnel and transportation problems. The board recommended that a man and a woman be assigned to check the area for truants and a station wagon be purchased for their use. In the first three months of this school year 1775 boys and 695 girls absent from school without valid cause were found in the business district. Peak Tide Waves Lash Shore Line Accompanied by mountainous, tne Clearwater National Forest green ground swells, the season s,bv two f rangers, peak 6-foot 6-inch tide yesterday 1 caused only slight additional 1 damage to Southland shores. j Redondo Beach continued to i nig Wtves, wriicu roaieu aim thundered at the strip of beach known as Hell's Half-Acre and undermined additional tons of sand from beneath a concrete waiK along tne siae ot a rteaonao motion-picture tneater. Hie-h tides will araduallv re - cede beginning with a drop to .... n . . . j . -.I. t. j ? Ie?1 - mc-nes wnwy, wun ni - IN CIGARETTE RUSH ST. JOSEPH (Mich.) Feb. 12. (JP) Glenn Luglam, purchasing agent for a firm here, broke his leg in a rush for a pack of cigarettes. Rounding an intersection at full gallop when he saw a cigarette line forming in front of a drugstore, Luglam slipped on the ice and fell, breaking his left leg in two places. . YALTA Secret Bay City for Allied Parley RANT FRANCISCO, Feb. 12. (UR)- With the diwiIoRureTttoday at, the Big Three conference at, Yalta that a United Nations con- ference will be held in San Fran-: cisco on April 25, it was learned! ., , . . ... i that secret preparations for the; meeting have been going on for) the last two weeks. In Sacramento. Gov. Warren said: ''I am delighted to learn that plans for the international promotion and maintenance of world peace are progressing so satisfactorily and that San Francisco has been chosen as the city in which the details of organization are to be perfected. Aspiration for Peace "California will be most happy to welcome the distinguished visitors and will pray that from ot.it. of their sessions will come understanding which will lead to the removal of all causes of war." . Hotels reported they have been asked to "stand by'' with reservations for April in anticipation of an influx of large numbers of important government and foreign officials and Eastern press representatives. He's Been in Woods Since Nqw Deal OROFINO (Ida.) Feb. 12. (JP) F.B.I, officers said today they were holding William C. Mor-land, 44, as an alleged draft evader. His excuse was that "I went into the forest right after Roosevelt was first elected and I haven't been out since." Agents said Morland was apprehended and brought out of TORNADOES KILLING 36, by the associated press At least 36 persons were killed and more than 200 injured, most of them on the outskirts ot: (Montgomery, Ala., in a series of i tornadoes which swept across Alabama and Mississippi yester 1.. U.; Twenty-two bodies. 15 -of them; Negroes, had been brought to!rovo Wn,,.,j u jaKric. Montgomery undertaking estab lishments four hours after a tornado cut a half-moon path around city's tlna ilahama ' D ,1 1 1 u 1 v,,: . western and southern edge. , At least seven were killed and more than 4o injureo in two small communities near Meri-i dian. Miss., when the storm i struck there an hour earlier, Trainman Killed One Negro was killed and 15 to 20 other Negroes were injured at York, Ala., 125 miles west of Montgomery. Two train- men were killed south of Liv - German People Warned to Stop 'Hopeless' War and to Destroy Nazism Full page of photos o( "Big Three" meeting. Page 3, Part I WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. (P) The 'Big Three, winding J up an eight-day conference in an old play spot of the Czars, tonight announced their formula for the triumphal conclusion of the war and the beginning of organized peace. Their program, announced at the end of the day-and-night sessions, projects this nation fully on to center stage in European affairs. t That, in outline, is (he record of the meeting concluded yesterday in the onetime summer palace of Czar Nicholas II ion the Black Sea at Yalta in President Asks World Bank Funds Approval WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. (U.R) President Roosevelt said today that America must team financially with the other United Nations to put the postwar world back on its feet. He asked Congress to pass laws permitting the United States to join the $S,000.000,0001 International Stabilization Fund ana ine iyi.iuu.uuti.uuw inierna - tionai anK ior reconstruction and development. rhp f.mrt and hank were nro- posed by last summer's interna-! Francisco starting April 25; and tional monetary conference at'a settlement fits nature not vet Bretton Woods. N.H. Mr. Roosevelt described them as "the cor-nrrsfOr fnr fnfernational eco- nomic co-operation," just as the Dumbarton Oaks plan is the cornerstone for international po- li,ical cooperation. He said they represent the key to postwar world prosperity more produc- tion. .more jobs, more trade and a higher standard of living for all. rut Up to America Mr. Roosevelt made it plain that world peace must stand or fall on international economic co-operation. He said "The choice is ours" either we co- operaie financially with the restjers fail to report agreement or of the world and live peacefully,! action. That is the question of or we isolate durselves finan-j possible Soviet participation in cially and bring on economic; the war against Japan. Japan dogfights that will lead to an-! went unmentioned in the an other world war. He said that the task of put ting the war-groggy world back on its feet "must be started soon. Soon after the special Presi dential message was read to the; Senate. Chairman Wagner (D.) N.Y., of the Banking Committee, said that, he and Sen. Tobey (R.) N.H., hoped to introduce the requested legislation Thursday. Chairman Spence (D.) Ky., of the House Banking Committee and Rep. Wollcott (R.) Mich., will sponsor similar legislation in the House. Basic Pact Achieved Mr. Roosevelt conceded that the Bretton Woods plan is not perfect. But it represents the efforts of the best minds which 44 nations could muster and "it would be a tragedy if differences of opinion on minor details should lead us to sacrifice the basic agreement achieved on major problems." . He told Congress he didn't Turn to Pass 7," Column 1 SWEEP SOUTH INJURING 200 'ineston Ala When tornadiclas-ainst the Oriental winds blow 39 cars of a south- ihonnd freight train tracks. At Montgomery, more than 50 icars of the Louisville, & rsh - ville and Atlantic Coast Line ,irir)a 'A mai ' . ra-j,e were Sawmill Pestroyed Highway Patrolman Joe Mel- . .. ; - ...... .. n ... . Ul a IiertI iviumguiueij, said he "thought it was an ex- 'plosion when he saw a sawmill torn to pieces" by winds There was no damage in Me- ridian or in the business section of Montgomery. Failure of nower nluntred Ala - bama's capital city into dark- jness. Several houses were lev eled. Two government ware houses were bashed in. The j storm was accompanied by i heavy downpour. around a white-draped table the Crimea, a conference that- may shape tomorrow's world. The decisions were announced" today in a joint communique from the participants, President Roosevelt, Prime Minister-Churchill and Premier Stalin. Here at home first the reac- ftion in Congress and elsewhere was overwhelmingly favorable for the report of the leaders of the three great powers. Formula's Main Objectives The report covered these prime resolves: . Final extirpation of Nazism and militarism; elimination or control of all German industry usable for war; no softening of unconditional surrender; no break in the Allied front. j Collaboration in peace plans to be formally drafted at a Unit cd .Nations conference in ban disclosed) of the question of veto power for the great, nations on peace council actions. The veto power was the great question left unsettled at Dumbarton Oaks. Joint action to effectuate the Atlantic Charter principle of self-government for liberated peoples, with U.S. participation on a far, larger scale than heretofore. Buss War on Japs Untouched On only one point that figured strongly jn preliminary speculation did the three lead- nouncement. To some, the April 25 date for the San Francisco conference took added significance because that is the fourth anniversary of the effective date of Russia's five year nonaggression pact with Japan, By that date the Soviets must either denounce the treaty or allow it to become effective automatically for another five years.' Washington diplomatic sources, however, were inclined to discount this factor in the selection of the conference date. They pointed out that even should Russia announce intention to void tbe agreement, it still wmild be in effect a full year. ' Japs on. Malta Agenda - However, the Japanese war had a high place in strictly British-American conferences at Valletta, Malta, preceding the Crimea session. The President and his chief military and diplomatic advisers stopped off in Malta and conferred with Churchill and other British officials. The emphasis on Japan in the Malta sessions was shown .by the personnel of the parties. Prominent in the British group were admirals who likelv will have Dart 'in 'a steDDed-uD war patches from Malta said 'there off thevas an unconfirmed report that Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, Amer- ican leader of the sea war against ! Japan, waspresent. Other Agreed Points Other major decisions of the Big Three as announced in the communique are: Agreement on military plans against Germany which "will ! ' , . ' . result in snortening tne war. " As if sneaking to the German neonle over the hear! of Hitler (the communique warned them that "Nazi Germany is doomed., The German people will only j make the cost of their defeat ' Heavier io tnemseives by at- tempting to continue a hopeless resistance." A final decision to split Germany into zones of military occupation. The United States, Turn. to Page 2, Column 3

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