The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California on June 8, 1943 · 1
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The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California · 1

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Tuesday, June 8, 1943
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ALL THE NEWS ALL THE TIME Largest Home Delivered Circulation Largest Advertising Volume MB LIBERTY UNDER THE LAW TRUE INDUSTRIAL FREEDOM IN THREE PARTS 40 PAGES Part I GENERAL NEWS - 18 Page Times Office: 202 West Firtt Street Lot Angeles 53, Calif. Times Telephone Number MAdison 2345 VOL. LXII CC TUESDAY MORNING, JUNE 8, 1943 DAILY, FIVE CENTS tolly Firee Sim poet Nor IRevdlff Riot Alarm Sent Out in Zoot War Servicemen Strip and Beat 50; Five Youths Treated at Hospital In the heaviest street rioting on downtown city streets In many years, thousands of servicemen, joined by additional thousands of civilians, last night surged along Main St and Broadway hunting down zoot-suiters. Faced with the almost impossible task of breaking up the tremendous crowds, Chief of Police C. B. Horrall declared a general riot alarm at 10:30 p.m. and ordered every police man on duty. More than 50 zoot-suiters had their clothing torn from their bodies as servicemen and civil ians converged on bars, restau rants, penny arcades and stores In the downtown area searching for the youths wearing the reat pleats. ' Troll?)- Halted Streetcars were halted and theaters along Main St. were scrutinized for hiding zoot-suit ers. Five youth were treated at Georgia Street Receiving Hos pital for injuries after clashing with servicemen and having their suits stripped from them. Those treated included Alfonse Flores, IS, of 931 Hemlock St Joe Padilla, 17, of 507 E. Eighth St.; Louis Jackson, 23, of 1120 Rose St.; Albert Lopez, 22, of 6431 Clover St., and Arthur Es-quer, 16, of 1120 E. 21st St. All were given clothing at the hospital and sent home. Marine Injured One serviceman, Private Mariano Gierrez, 21, a marine paratrooper, was treated at the receiving hospital after he received a 2-inch laceration in the back following a 'rUshuvith zoot-suiters at Second and Olive Sts. Chief Horrall ordered police officers to arrest all civilians and servicemen engaged in the disturbance. Near midnight 12 servicemen and five civilians had been booked at Central Jail on charges of disturbing the i peace. The clashes broke out later in the evening in various parts of the county, with more than 200 servicemen gathering at a theater at Fourth St. and Brooklyn Ave. and rousting zoot-suiters out of their seats. Many Civilians Policemen were handicapped by the tremendous crowds of civilians, who apparently had listened to the police riot calls on the radio and had rushed Into the downtown district. Navy shore patrolmen and military police together with more than 200 uniformed policemen and plain clothesmen rushed from one clash to another breaking up the groups. Shouting, "We'll destroy every zoot suit in Los Angeles County before this is over," the groups of servicemen moved along the sidewalks in military fashion until they spied a zoot-suiter. Riot Alarm Ordered When the rioting began getting out of hand at 10 p.m., Capt. Joe Reed, administrative assistant, summoned Chief Horrall, who ordered the general riot alarm. Despite the huge numbers of participants in the rioting, injuries to the youths wearing the pancake hats and ankle-tight trousers were confined to black eyes, bloody noses and bruises. Earlier in the evening, annony-mous telephone calls were put Into police headquarters by persons who said the zooters were massing "500 strong" for a knock-down, drag-out battle soon. Turn to Page A, Column fl City Employees' Pay Increase Ruled invalid In special proceedings before the City Council yesterday, including a personal appearance by Mayor Bowron, an ordinance recently passed by the Council granting a 10 per cent salary increase to approximately 7500 city employees was declared invalid. As predicted last Friday when legality of the ordinance was first, attacked by Mayor Bowron, its invalidation left the employees not only divested of their more recent raise, but also soon to be deprived cf a smaller in crease granted them some months ago in an ordinance which expires June 30, and which was not renewed when the Council thought it had provided the 10 per cent increase. New Efforts Blocked Belated attempts were made yesterday to authorize a new ordinance granting $20 to $25 per month to all employees un der $1000 or $5000 per year, but differences of opinion halted definite action. Affected by the rulings, among other city employees, were thou sands of police and firemen. The police and firemen benefited to some extent, however, when the Mayor indicated that ne would approve a second ordinance granting two additional days off each month to the members of these two branches of the city service. He revealed, though, that he had made agreements with Fire and Police Chiefs which would squelch any expectation of police and firemen to work these days off at additional pa, .which, it was estimated, would cost the city an additional .$700,000 next year. Chfsebro Upholds Mayor Invalidation of the 10 per cent increase ordinance, which carried provision for a minimum increase of $20 per month and a maximum of $50, was contained in an opinion handed down to Turn to Page A, Column 6 J i ) r A t ' ,-.' 3 UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER Two zoot suiters, beaten and stripped in front of a theater at 8th and Main Sts. in the war declared on them by servicemen. TimM photo Entire Nation Facing Ban on Pleasure Driving WASHINGTON, June 7. (U.R) The ban cn pleasure driving and the other restrictions on motoring now in effect in 12 Eastern States would be extended to the entire nation under plans now being formulated, a spokesman for Petroleum Administrator Harold L. Ickes said today. Maj. Jubal R. Partcn. transportation director in the Petroleum Administration, said action may be looked for soon on further limitations everywhere and that measures for imposi- Jap Center at Poston Resembles Boom Town Because so many contradictory reports prevail on the management of the Japanese Relocation, Centers and the life therein. The Times sent a representative to Poston, Ariz. one of the largest centers to study the project watch its operation, and write a factual report. There follows the first of a series of articles which will go into all phases of the situation. Ed. Note. Truck Gas Ration Coupons to Be 'TP WASHINGTON, June 7. W) In an effort to thwart black market operations in "T" gasoline ratiens for trucks, taxis and busses the Office of Price Administration today decreed that coupons for such commercial rations for the third quarter will be marked "TT." The new "TT" coupon will replace the present coupon on July 1 in all parts of the country except the Northeastern shortage area, where operators must continue using the old "T" coupons through July 25. t BY CHKSTER G. HANSON", The Japanese Relocation Center at Poston is situated 16 miles south of Parker, Ariz., in the heart of the Colorado River Indian Reservation. The reservation borders the Colorado River for some miles. The first of the evacues arrived from various parts cf California on May 8, 1912. A little more than a year ago Toston, which got its name frcm an Ari zona pioneer, was nothing but a portion cf the reservation land overgrown with mesquite and other desert brush. Today it is a city of 15,016 men, women and children . . . crude In many of its aspects but still a city. It'has, also, its agricultural phase. The project was laid out to ac- Full page of pictures on Peg B. PLANE OVER WATER, LATER IDENTIFIED, CAUSES ALERT HERE Los Angeles air defense went on "the alert yesterday at 3:09 p.m. when an unidentified target was reported "over the water." Col. Ralph A. Snavely, commanding the Los Angeles Air Defense Wing, announced merely that the alert was ordered when an unidentified plane was spotted over the ocean and the alert was canceled after fighter plane pilots identified the target as friendly. This was the 28th alert in Los Angeles. tion of the pleasure driving ban in other areas are "being worked on right now." Eastern Bloc on Job He testified before a new 12-man House committee constituted as an "eastern seaboard bloc" and representing the 12 Eastern States affected by existing curbs. The group was organized to prevent discrimination against the restricted territory. Farten denied there has been any effort to discriminate and said, "We are doing our level best to bring petroleum prod ucts into this district with the available transportation facill ties on hand." "I personally believe that the pleasure driving ban should be made nation-wide, he said. "The Petroleum Administration Turn to Page A, Column 5 commodate 20.000 persons. At its peak it had 18,000. The majority of these Japanese came from Southern California areas but many came from Central and Northern California points. Times Slaft Representative The land set aside for the project covers about 70,000 acres. Camp on Indian Land The project is operated and maintained by the War Relocation Authority, which was set up to handle the Japenese who were evacuated from the Pacific Coast area or anywhere else in this country. It so happens that because this particular camp was established on Indian lands, which are op. erated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, practically all of the ad ministrative heads cf depart ments have come from personnel that had valuable experience in the administration of Indian af fairs. In that respect Poston ap pears to have been fortunate. . The director of the project Is Wade Head and the associate di rector is Ralph M. Getvin, both of whom came to the project from the Indian service. Rut it is the W.R.A. that op erates the project. However, as to certain matters, the W.R.A is subject to other authorities in Turn to Page A, Column FOOD PARLEY DELEGATES THANKED BY PRESIDENT WASHINGTON, June 7. W) President Roosevelt declared today that the International Food Conference which has just ended has brought to the world a IN THE TIMES7 TODAY TUESDAY JUNE 8, 1943 RADIO. Page 12, Part I. COMICS. Page 11, Part II. WOMEN'S ACTIVITIES. Patfei 5, 6 and 7, Part II. PUZZLE. Page 11, Part II. MOTION rtCTUHES AND THEATERS. Tage 15, Part I. BIRTHS, DEATHS AND MARRIAGE NOTICES. Page 12, Part I. PICTORIAL. Page B. FINANCIAL. California retail galea booming. Chrysler earning rise. Stock market turna downward. Oil newi. Page 18, Tart I. THE SOUTHLAND. Group as-ertedly aceklng return of Japg named at Fresno. Page S, Part I. SPORTS. Count Fleet'a ankle only sprained, X-raya reveal. Page 9, . Tart II. Seala teat Angela In north; Oaki play Start here. Page 9, Part II. Sam Barry vlilti here. Page 9, Tart II. THE CITV. Tay increase granted 7500 city employees ruled Invalid. Page 1, Part I. Riot call aounded In zoot-sult war. Page 1, Part I. Maj, Buron Fit la Injured by ahrap-net in North Africa action. Page A. Life at Poston Jap center de-acrlhed In first of series by Times writer. Page 1, Tart I. Dlea group' will question Poston Jap camp officials. Page A. Harry' Westover named Federal Collector of Internal Revenue. Page 1, Tart II. I Investigators give Howser report on Chaplin case. Page 1, Part II. ' REMEMBER THIS Don't blame a people for traits 'for which their climate is to blame. City Treasurer and Public Works Board vacancies filled by Mayor. Page 3, Part II. THE WEST. Warren to veto teachers' retirement bill. Page 13, . Part I. GENERAL EASTERN. Entire United States faces ban on all pleasure driving. Page 1, Part I. Army transport plane crashes In North Carolina, killing at least 12. Page 7, Part I. WASHINGTON. Most of nation's 500,000 coal miners bark on Jobs as negotiations continue. Page 2, Tart 1. O.P.A. food jfrta aide resigns after only six days on Job. Page 18. Tart I. New bill offered to repeal Chinese exclusion acta after setback in House committee. Page 13, Part I. FOREIGN. Gen. Ramirez, succeeding Gen. Rawson in new shake-up. declares Argentina to stay neutral. Paga-1, Tart I. Hoover Will Speak Over Radio Tonight Herbert Hoover, speaking on the subject of "A Survev of the Food Front," will be heard over station KNX tonight from 6:30 to 7 p.m. new hope of attaining freedom from 'want and fear. Los Angeles. The Chief Executive addressed the delegates of 41 nations in the White House East Rcom. His remarks were broadcast. "The United Nations," Mr. Roosevelt said, "are united in the war against fear and want as solidly and effectively as they are united on the battle front In this world-wide war against aggression. . "And we are winning by action and unity." When the Chief Executive concluded his address he invited the delegates, experts and officials who assisted at the Food Conference more than 400 in all to go to the south lawn so that ; he, , Mrs. Roosevelt, Secretary Hull and Vice-rrcsident Wallace might meet them individually. Text of Address The text of Mr. Roosevelt's remarks: "It gives me great pleasure to welcome to the White House you who have served so splendidly at the epoch-making United Nations conference on food and agriculture. '"I use that word 'epoch-making' advisedly." The conference could not have failed to be significant because it was the first United Nations conference. But it has succeeded even beyond our hopes; it is truly epoch-making because, in reaching unanimity upon complex and difficult problems, you have demonstrated beyond question . that the united Ivations really are united not only for the prosecution of the war but for the solution of the many and difficult problems cf peace. "This conference has been a JUirn to rage 9, Column 3 Argentina, Shifted Anew, Stays Neutral Ramirez Succeeds Rawson, Who Led Revolt Against Castillo MONTEVIDEO, June 7. (P) On. Pedro Ramirez succeeded Gen. Arturo Raw- son as head of Argentina's new provisional government today and, after reshuffling the Cabinet, declared that his country's policy would be one of friendship toward American peoples and of neutrality toward others. In a speech broadcast from Buenos Aires immediately after he was sworn in as President tonight, Ramirez said he intended to follow a "cordial policy toward American peoples with whom we have been united since times past." Await Clearer Statement "As regards other countries," he added. "Argentina's policy is at present that of neutrality." 'The destinies of the Argen tines have been placed by cir cumstanccs in the hands of a sol dier who will rule with recti tude. human sense and firm ness," the new Fiesident declared. Upon hearing Ramirez's broadcast, Foreign Office sources and members of the diplomatic corps here told the Associated Press they preferred to withhold comment on the final constitution of Argentina's provisional government until after a clearer statement of its foreign policy is known. Phraseology Analyzed One Foreign Office source, puz zled over Ramirez's reference to "other countries," wondered whether the phrase, "at present," might conceivably be taken as meaning that the future policy will be different. He added that Ramirez obviously referred to German', Italy and Japan in his mention of "other countries." Rawson resigned suddenly early today after failing to reach an agreement on the constitution of a new Cabinet. In spite of new restrictions in an already severe censorship, it was learned through press dispatches and radio broadcasts from Buenos Aires and travelers reaching here from Argentina that four ultra-Conservative members of Rawson's Cabinet had followed him in resignation. Recognized by Court This brought hope to the pro- democrats and they looked for an early statement of the Ramirez government affirming a pro- democratic foreign policy. There was some disappointment, however, that such a statement was not made during the oath-taking ceremony tonight. The Argentine Supreme Court gave immediate recognition to the provisional government tonight, basing its decision on Turn to Page 5, Column 1 Mussolini Troops Want to Aid Allies Whip Nazis; Balkan Sabotage Grows LONDON, June 7. (U.R) Continental reports said today that Italian occupation forces in Greece were secretly buying civilian clothes so they could join the Greek guerrillas on invasion day. Pitched clashes between partisans and Axis troops were said to be sweeping the Hellenic peninsula. The Istanbul newspaper, La Turquie, said that anti-Fascist sentiment among the Italian troops in Greece had grown so strong that hundreds of secret police were sent there to denounce the most outspoken officers, many of whom had dis appeared. Vast Allied War Machine Poised; Attack Imminent LONDON, June 7. (U.R) Signs multiplied today that the might! est Allied war machine yet assembled 1,000,000 men amply supported by planes, warships, transports and assault boats- may be unleashed against South ern Europe within a matter of days. General belief that the Allies will strike momentarily was strengthened by a report from the Spanish border town of La Marshall Returns, Quieting Reports New York Times WAf.MXGTO.V, June 7 Gen. George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff of the United States Army, returned here this afternoon from overseas. His return, in the opinion of some military observers here, cast cold water on reports from abroad that the American Chief of Staff would become commander-in-chief of any Imminent invasion cf Europe. Gen. Marshall appeared In North Africa at the same time that Prime Minister Churchill stopped there en route to England following his recent conferences with President Roosevelt. THE WORLD'S WAR FRONTS ITALY Continental reports assert Italian troops in Greece preparing for revolt. Page 1, Part I.. AFRICA Allied planes blast Italy and its islands in unbroken raids. Page 3, Part I. RUSSIA Strong German assaults on western front hurled back; Soviet airmen smash Nazi-held railway junction. Page 4, Part I. SOUTH PACIFIC Allied bombers spread! havoc on Japs' New Guinea bases. Page 6, Part I. 'Ham and Eggs7 Going on Ballot in New Dress When the voters go to the polls in the general election in November. ID 14, they will ballot on the new income tax and warrant credits proposition, the old "ham and eggs" proposal in a new dress. This Avas evidenced yesterday when County Registrar of Voters Michael Donoghue received notice from the Secretary of State that the pension proposaj has been certified for the ballot after obtaining the required number of voters' signatures amounting to 178,761, or 8 per cent of the vote cast at . the last gubernatorial election. In a general way the plan calls for a State bank capitalized with public funds and imposes a 3 per cent gross Income tax; creates an administrative board free from Judicial interference; requires issuance of 20 warrants, $1 each, per week to certain persons 50 years of age or over, and seven each week to certain unemployed persons or students. Linea that Gibraltar Harbor now is practically empty of war and merchant ships following a series of large-scale movement involving hundreds of ships such as preceded the Anglo-American landings in North Africa last November. The 1400-mile round-trip raid by more than 100 Flying Fortresses Saturday on the Italian naval base at Spezia was believed designed to cripple the Italian fleet in advance of the invasian of Southern Europe. "The immobilization of the Italian fleet at Spezia Is an essential prelude to the Allied in vasion," the Daily Telegraph's naval correspondent said. "To have the maximum strategic ef fect attacks such as that on Spezia should be delivered at the last possible moment before the invasion so that the enemv has no time to recover from the blow." Probable Plans It was recalled that British bombers severely bombarded Na pies, Italy's biggest port, in ad vance cf the Allied invasion of North Africa last year. Plans for the Mediterranean offensive, as completed during conicrences among rnme Minister Churchill, Marshall, Eisenhower and other Allied leaders at Algiers last week, were he-lieved designed first to shatter the Axis by knocking Italy out of the war. ANTI-MUSSOLINI PLOT IMPLICATING LEADERS REPORTED MOSCOW, June 7. (P)-A Tass dispatch quoted uncon- " firmed reports in Geneva today as saying a military con- . spiracy against Fremier Mussolini was recently disclosed In Italy and that sensational arrests.have been made among former army officers. "Threads of .the conspiracy allegedly lead to the Quirinal (the hilltop residence of King Vittorio Emanuele.) where opposition officers always find support," the dispatch said. The German Transocean News Agency, in a broadcast from Berlin, thought enough of the reports of partisan activity in Greece to deny them but admitted isolated fighting had occurred in parts of the country where "bands" tried to stir up disorder. The Moscow radio, quoting broadcasts from Stockholm, said partisan forces had captured a number of towns In Central Greece in the course of sharp fighting and now controlled a considerable section of the railroad between Athens and Salonika. Russian prisoners, sent by the Germans to Greece to build fortifications, are constantly escaping and joining forces with the partisans, Ankara dispatches said. Belgium Seething A new wave of terror was re ported to be sweeping Belgium as German occupation authorities sought to quell spreading sabotage, underground activities and coal mine strikes. Twenty hostages have been arrested by the Nazis near Lessines, 25 miles southwest of Brussels, In re prisal for saboteur attacks, Bel gian sources said. Coal mine operations at Duquernoy, Beaulieu and Bray were reported to have been interrupted by miners who struck in protest against German orders to work on Sundays. The stop page, which originated In the Duquernoy colliery, spread when the Nazis levied a fine on the Duquernoy demonstrators. Yugoslav Patriots Busy In Yugoslavia the anti-Axl3 struggle by patriot bands was re ported being waged ceaselessly ana In a recent attack on an airfield near Zagreb B.B.C. said 30 gliders and two planes were destroyed. Croatian militia defending the airfield offered no resistance, the B.B.C. said, and a certain number even joined the patriots. The mounting Balkan turmoil coincided with a Moscow radio report that unrest had flared up again in Norway, where German Commissioner Josef Terboven was said to have declared a new state of "emergency in Bergen, to remain in effect until a full month passed without a case of sabotage. Guards were reported strengthened at all military positions and hundreds of S.S. Elite Guards were posted on the streets to check documents of civilians. Six hundred persons were arrested in Bergen in the last few days and condemned to hard labor abroad, the Moscow broadcast said. Seek Safety (A B.B.C. broadcast heard by C.B.S. in New York said members of Norwegian puppet Vid-kun Quisling's party were flocking to sanctuary in Germany in growing numbers. The families of Quisling, Anton Mussert, Dutch Nazi leader, and of Leon Degrelle, Belgian Rexist, were reported to have arrived in the Reich recently.) (A Radio France broadcast from Algiers, heard by the Unit-ed States Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service, said reports from Stockholm Indicated Adolf Hitler had recently inspected fortifications in France and Hoi-land and that Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler was now on an inspection tour of the French coast. Hitler was said to have been dissatisfied with what he saw and relieved several district leaders of their duties.) Yanks Reach New Zealand AUCKLAND (N.Z.) June 7. (P) Rear Admiral Theodore Wilkinson, deputy commander of the South Pacific, area, disclosed today that a large body of United States troops recently came direct to New Zealand from the United States.

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