The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California on July 1, 1945 · 7
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The Los Angeles Times from Los Angeles, California · 7

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Los Angeles, California
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Sunday, July 1, 1945
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7
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U.S. Blows Bring About Basic Changes in Japan Migration to Manchuria Follows Line Laid Down by Militarists and Now Forced by War bv por.vzornfcs The time has now come when most of our thinking, planning and activity has to concentrate on the Far East where the war is assuming vaster proportions than ever before. The erroneous impression created soon after the collapse of Germany that, with the Closing of the European theater of war, our troubles were essentially over has had its effect on vast segments of American opinion. Now it is high time that our whole job across the Pacific be put back in its proper per spective. Our air and naval operations in the Far East are Bitting an all-time high, with our fighting activity extending from the Kuriles to the Makassar Strait, separating Borneo from the Celebes. TEMPO OX RISE "The bombings of Japanese cities and industrial installations are assuming extraordinary proportions, while the liquidation of the military situation in the Philippines, the consolidation of our power on Okinawa and other aspects of our war activity in the Pacific, constitute the best indications of the rising tempo of our war in that immense area. Under the impact of our blows, a deep and fundamental change is taking place In Ja pan proper. The last vestiges of parliamentary life hftva dis Appeared there. The whole empire is a military dictatorship of the tightest order. And, what is far more striking, a large migration of population and production plants f eems to be taking place into Manchuria, with the possibility that it is there rather than on the main islands of Japan that the empire will deliver its irreatest battles. MIGRATION' CAUSED This forced movement toward the Asiatic mainland is. Incidentally, exactly what the Japanese militarist .have Wanted since they first took control of Manchuria 14 years Mo. That under normal condi tions less than 200,000 Japanese families had so far migrated to Manchuria was a matter of serious anxiety for the Tokyo militarists. Now," however, with our bombings of the empire proper assuming larger and more destructive proportions every day and hour, ath Japanese masses are more eager to flee to a region where, according to the Tokyo propaganda, they Will feel safer. It is not generally known outside Japan that for the last 14 years Manchuria has been going through a succession of five-year plans under the guidance of Japanese technical experts who took some of the best features of the early Soviet experiments, plus what they could imitate from Nazi Germany. That the country has been conditioned for a long-range defense is the opinion of most experts. BECOMES ARSKXAL Vast irrigation schemes, all kinds of experiments to raise food production, the adoption of intensive labor activity and the simultaneous mining and industrial expansion of Japan in Manchuria have made of that country a real arsenal of our enemy's effort. In a similar way. Korea, with its area of. 85,000 square miles and some 23.000,000 population, is so closely identified with Japanese defense and economy as to constitute just another sector of the main empire. Farther to the south, no less than half of China is under Japanese control, with some 200,000,000 Chinese having to work for their new masters, controlling as they do most of the productive, industrial and of the agriculturally richest regions of the country. Thus, without going any farther in the study of our present problem in the Far Kast, without even touching on Southeast Asia, or the Dutch Indies, and merely confining our operations to beating Japan, on her homeland, and China alone, we have before us a huge task. This whole perspective is formidable enough to stagger anyone's imagination. U.S. POSITION' STRONG Undoubtedly our position in the Far East today is the strongest in America's history. For the first time since the American Flag was raised over the Philippines 50 years ago we have in that Commonwealth a larger Army and the most complete naval and air establishment, to say nothing of the loyal and sincere support of the Philippine people, our friends and allies. With-out the Philippines our task in the Far East would have been faf more difficult than it is today. It might well be hopeless, at that. As matters stand now we have nothing to worry about this particular score; we can take care of all the military, contingencies as they arise. But this again will constitute only one-half of our big job. The other half is the political and here we have a long -way to go before we can get things moving in the proper manner. Control of Pole Army Disputed LONDON, June 30. (P) A potentially serious tug of war over the future control of the Polish army abroad developed- today between the newly formed Warsaw government and Prime Minister Arciszewskl'B exiled administration irt London. The exiled group claimed the loyalty of 250,000 troops abroad and declared that there is "no fear of mass desertion." Warsaw spokesmen meanwhile said that all soldiers of democratic belief will he welcomed home to help in Poland's reconstruction. May Get Choice A, responsible British spokesman said the probable solution- sometime in the indeflnke future would give individual Poles a choice between returning home or becoming British subjects in the dominions. The spokesman said it is likely the task of determining this choice will be carried out by an Allied commission. Earlier a British Foreign Office commentator declared that financial support for Polish troops will continue at least temporarily. Poles Ask Truman to Withhold Recognition WASHINGTON, June 30. (IP) The Polish American Congress has sent a letter to President Truman asking him to withhold recognition of the provisional government of Poland in Warsaw, Charles Rozmarek, president ff the organization, announced today. CIANO'S DIARY DESCRIBES SURPRISE AT RED COUP U.S., BRITAIN TO BEGIN MOVE INTO REICH ZONES PARIS, June 30. fey-American and British troops will begin withdrawing tomorrow from their positions in Russia's official zone of occupation in Germany hd fey July 4 the readjustment' to final occupational boundaries probably will be completed, it was announced tonight. 'Concurrently with this read' Justment," aft official dupreme headquaftefs announcement said, -"British, United States and French troops will move into Berlin." It wa3 presumed that the four-power occupation of Berlin also might be completed by July 4. The announcement did not specify the final boundaries of the United States, British, Russian and French, occupation zones in Germany. It was believed here, however, that the Soviet announcement several weeks ago defining the Russian line from Luebeck to the Elbe River and around Thuringia to the Czechoslovak border probably was correct and still held. Movements of British, Amer ican and French troops to their Nazi Weapons Termed Startling WASHINGTON, June 30. VP) A Navy mission sent to Ger many to study Nazi technological developments was "startled" by the progress made in some fields, especially rocket and jet-propelled weapons. The mission's chief, Commodore Henry A, Bchade, said if the war had Jested anolhef six months the Nazis Would have had "quite a few" new weapons in operation. - He declined to elaborate other than to say their major developments were in th field of rocket and jet-propelled Weapons. final positions 'wilt proceed as rapidly as necessary arrangements can be completed,", head-Quarters said. The Americans, French and British will occupy Berlin Jointly with the Russian. Southland G.l.'s Land in Miami MIAMI, June 30. (California overseas veterans from widely scattered battle fronts continue to pour into Air Trans port Command's Miami Army Airfield as part of 50,000 re turnees A.T.C. is flying back to the States each month. Latest Californians to return included Staff -Sgt. Jack O. Mc- Kinney, 200 E. Beacon St., Al- hambra; Tech. 6th Gride Frank Day, 75 Eloise Ave., Pasadena; Staff-Sgt Jack" C. Oberdorf, 4014 S. Gaffey St., San Pedro, and Sgt. Raymond D. Moss, 758 Centre St., also of San Tedro. Spain Determines Status of Laval LONDON, June 30. (U.R)--A Dailv Mail Barcelona dispatch said" that the Spanish government had decided that Pierre Laval, Vichy arch traitor, could be surrendered only to the United States and Great Britain provided he was indicted as a war criminal. Laval could not legally be extradited to France, in the opinion of the Spanisn government, because the French- Spanish extradition treaty ex cludes political prisoners, the dispatch said. Continued from Second Pag the world, beginning with Germany itself. "Teleki (Hungarian p r i m e minister) calls Hitler ft gangster, and Czaky (Hungarian foreign minister) has eeht Wbrd that Voh ftibbentrop does not con ceal his hatred for . me. I feel much honored." SEPT. 26 "We have already said that during the last few days some sort of plot was hatching between Moscow and Berlin and today we have had a confirmation of it from Rosso (Ambassador in Moscow.) It seems that Von Ribberttrop has returned to Moscow to gign a genuine military alliance, giving Bessarabia and Estonia to the Russisns and the remaining part of - ania to the Germans. AbMiute silence from Berlin. "The ' Germans prepare to strike a blow without our knowledge every time . . The alliance between Moscow and Berlin is a monstrous union made against the letter and spirit of our pact. It is anti-Rome and anti-Catholic It is a return of barbarism against which it Is our historic mission to rise with every weapon and resource. But will it be possible for us to do so? Or has not the game been decided tragically already?" KEPT. 2T "Berlin gives us absolutely no information. It is from the press agencies that we learn that Von Ribbentrop has left for Moscow, On the excuse that his time was so limited, Von Ribbentrop refused to receive Attolico. "11 Duce received Comdr. Pe-cori, our naval attache in Berlin, to discuss German requests for naval assistance. They would like submarine supply stations from us, aid in locating French-British convoys and the transfer of some submarines for operations in the Mediterranean. II Duce in the beginning was favorable . . . With Cava- gnari (chief of naval staff,) who agrees with me 100 per cent, we sabotaged the thing. "Valentino, who has just come from Warsaw . . says German air power is formidable. It is absolutely pitiless and has bombed civil populations constantly, but the German horrof is surpassed a thousand times by the Unspeakable horrors Of th Bolshevik advance." SEPT. HWFirst ' from the press, and then from the ambas sadors, we receive the texts of the Moscow agreements. 1 They cover the outright partition of Poland, although there is a suggestion of German plans to do something later in the way of saving face ... It is inadmissible that the very head of the Fascist party should support a solution that puts millions of Polish Catholics into the hands of the Bolsheviks. "The French are strange people, who would like to win the lottery without buying a ticket." At Rlbbentrop's peremptory proposal, Ciano left for Berlin Sept. 30 and recorded his impressions in the first three diary pages in October. . OCT. and unperturbed . At Salzburg the inner struggle of this man, who had decided on action but was not yet certain of his means, was clear. Now he seems sure of himself , . Traces of recent fatigue showed on his face but did not appear in his mind. Hitler spoke for almost two hours, citing figure after figure without referring to a single note. Toward Italy his attitude was unchanged. What is past is past. Now he looks to the future and is trying to have us with him. "What impressed me most is his certainty of ultimate victory. Either he Is deluded or he is a real genius . . , His eyes flash , whenever he talks about the conflict. "Ribbentrop says nothing new and nothing that he has thought of himself ... He is imbued with Russophile ideas. He expresses himself in favor of' the Communists in such an im-j pudent and vulgar manner as to perplex anyone (who listens. . "The German people are calm and determined. They will fight and fight well, but they dream and hope for peace . . . The : Italians in Germany hale the 1 Germans heartily but are Con- j vinced that Hitler will win the : war . . . Goering has not ap-; peared. The tragicomedy of the &of Sttgelef (Time suNDAYjumjy45-peti7 silver collar of the Order of An-' nunziata) continues. "I give II Duce my report. He ' does not share Hitler's confidence in Victory. His conclu-: sions are based on information of our military experts. Then (why hide it?) he is bitter about Hitler's sudden rise to fame. He would be very pleased if he were stopped." OCT. .1 "At heart II Duce prefers that the European giants fight mightily with 'one anoth-1 er. Despite all that is said ; about our good will to peace, he j prefers that I throw some kero- j sene on the fire with prudence ; and good measure." (Cooyritht. 1943, b!r the CB!ro Dtlly News. Inc. All rights reserved for all countries, including ruht o translation.! (Tomorrow: Mussolini In Skeptical About the Bomb Attempt on Hitler in Munich.) AIRLINE HAS NEED FOR AIRPLANE ATTENDANTS With the war being stepped up In Pacific, ait troiMpartation job is increasing daily. To handle this extra work, oddlliorol men are needed by United Air lines e the Lockheed Air Terminal 10 Work as airplane attendants. The work consists mf loading and onleading planes, hangar molnten. ance, and general utility duties. War-veterans given special consideration. Apply a Uni Air Linai, 739 Pacific Mutual Blag., 533 Watt orh St., Lot Anaalat. m mum flea ( Mill Sample er Vest MATCH PANTS CO. decoration (Goering cried when 1 "I found Hitler calm j Ribbentrop was awarded the TO BITTER SIRVE YOUR BUS TRANSPORTATION NEEDS GREYHOUND Announces the opening of A NEW OFFICE at 512 W. 6TH STREET. Ph. MU 3327 JOHN I. SOUSA. AGENT fOUMEHY AMERICAN At UNtS TlCKCT OFflCl Sf e eMice formerly located M Pacific fleerric Station, 810 t. Main, transferred to our new ioca-on. SUPERINTENDENT AUTOMATIC SCREW MACHINES Cenomotic-i&J-MuH know set-up Job shop, top wages, let M.P-2II, Lot Anflt 1 U.S. Radio Station in Europe to Close LONDON, June 30. (JP) Absie, the American broadcasting gta-tion in Europe, will close down Wednesday, for 14 months it has transmitted O.W.I.-spon-sored broadcasts in German, French, Norwegian, Danish, Flemish and English. DISTRICT MANAGER Auto Manufaeturat hem lhmo Uarte , ftaad for xpr1aric4 District Managar lit Boy Araa and Nertharo California torsi-tory. Good Salaf y Parma-ant position. Stat axparlaac' and whan arcdlafeW. Ropll.w confidential. Our atganixatloD know ol this act -, BOX NAP-283, TIMES ELIMINATE FUNERAL EXPENSES! N need to worry shout burden ine Loved Ones with funeral ex pensee and arrangements. For only a lew cents a day paid into a tuna supervised by governmental au thority, anyone between 1 and 80 may be fully protected by the Pierce Plan to Eliminate Funeral ftioeAses. The Flan flays fer all rfnlftil hf service!, fully arranged lift advance of fteSdWafcket, music, flowers, ministers fee, cemetery 'property. 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