Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on October 16, 1960 · Page 32
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 32

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Sunday, October 16, 1960
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PAGE FOUR THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE and, LOGANSPORT PRESS, LOGANSPORT, INDIANA SUNDAY, OCTOBE* II, 1M. Editorials... SPELLING AND GRAMMAR Are local and area school children learning the oasic.school subjects as they should? The,few opportunities we have had to view the work of several of >the local and area high school's stu- . dents convince us that many are not. It is no exaggeration to say that a considerable numbjer-pf bur local and area high^school graduates are deficient both in spelling and grammar. • Since we havs had no : opportunity to view the .. . extent of their, knowledge in mathematics and science, we are unable to say whether '-the* same deficiencies exist in those fields. ,-•'•' Many parents and educators are concerned about the slipshod education many children of, today are receiving. That is why the efforts .of laymen like Philip Willkie to revise our educational system are meeting an enthusiastic response in many places. Speakers at the annual meeting of the council for basic education in Washington, D. C., a few days'ago emphasized that this is no. mere local problem. A New York English professor and a Pennsylvania reading specialist appealed for adoption .of ah-entirely new .phonic, reading program in the schools, while a Massachusetts principal who had visited scho'ols in 47 states concluded that "Johnny •'can't write either." With that conclusion we heartily agree. . . Many school superintendents admit that written composition is the weakest subject in elemen- •. tary schools. One expert blamed,,this situation in part on some ill-prepared teachers : who "do not recognize the problems of composition, never having studied it themselves." Whatever the cause, we believe the situation, should be thoroughly studied and corrected without delay. . NATIONAL NEWSPAPER WEEK IS YOUR WEEK, TOO By Louis Spilman, President and Editor Waynesboro (Va) News-Virginian National Newspaper Week is 21 years old in the United States this year. . ' But individual freedom in the United States ' is 169 years old this year. National Newspaper Wee^'was initiated, and is sponsored- annually by Newspaper Association Managers,- Inc., an organization of. executive heads of national, regional and .state newspaper publishers and -press associations; ' ' Our three great freedoms' set-forth in 1 , the: Bill of Rights are'"Freedom of the Press", "Freedom" of Speech" and "Freedom of .Religion".-The free press of' Colonial America. paved the ; way for these basic freedoms which became fact with, the coming into force of the Bill of Rights bfi December 15, 1791. - .-,-'. : . ;.These freedoms belong.to the people. .. - "Freedom of the Press" is'hot the property of newspapers, but of all the people , . . it is their guarantee of the right to know;-their insurance against demogcgy.' • • . , "Freedom of Speech" is not the property of politicians and platform speakers, but; of, all the people . . . it is their own guarantee of free and unafraid expression of their convictions. "Freedom.of Religion" is not the property of minister, priest or rabbi, but of all the people .. . it is their guarantee of freedom of conscience and • of divine worship in accord with that conscience. National Newspaper Week is designed to focus attention on these freedoms. A free press is the partner of the people in the effort to preserve" these rights. . . Newspapers promote National: Newspaper Week, not from a selfish motive, but to emphasize • these basic- and vital freedoms, the partnership of press and people and the need for everyone ex-: hibiting dedication" and diligence in. the eternal effort to preserve these freedoms! . National Newspaper. Week this year is October 15-21.' -. ' ', . Two days are set aside for- particular emphasis: Newspaperboy Day which "inaugurated .the week on Saturday,, and Journalism Education Day, Monday, Oct. 17; sponsored for the first . time this year. . ';., It is of utmost importance we present a solid front for freedom in a world in which freedom is being, attached so violently and so unscrupulously. Truth makes us free. Let us now resolve to continue the dissemination of .truWas the indestructible bulwark against ignorance, enslave- • men t, bigotry and political chicanery. '.'-.' CARNIVAL GEORGE E. S O KO LSK3t DO SVIDANIE ' To Khrushchev, one gladly says, "Good-bye,~ Do Svidanie." He came; he saw; but he .dWj'not conquer. Not a single measure that he proposed passed the General Assembly of the United Nations. He made his strongest stand .on the admission of Red China to the .United Nations. Had he-been able to win the new African countries to his program, Red China would have been admitted. Khrushchev returns to Moscow empty-handed. .This is a serious matter for any politician. What c 1 e a r 1 y: was bothering Khrushchev : 'was first, that no dramatic explosion occurred to startle the jworld at the moment of Khrushchev's arrival in? New York. There was no Sputnik; no man was'shot to the moon or to Mars. Somebody let Khrushchev down. Or perhaps, after ,lhe U-2 completed the photographing of Russian installations, there is no further need to try to scare us. PRESINDENT EISENHOWER'S conduct bothered Khrushchev no end. So far as the government of the United States is concerned, no one knew that Khrushchev was -here. Of course, the New York City police protected him excessively but beyond that there was nothing. He had,not come to the United States; he had ctime to the United Nations. ' * The President had nothing to say to the man'who wants to bury us. He left.that to Cyrus Eaton and David Susskind. No American official greeted him at any point. Khrushchev, the head of state, the diplomat had difficulty keeping in the news; Khrushchev, the clown, had no difficulty at all. He spoke from a balcony like Mussolini used to do .in Rome. He took a walk on the sidewalk of Park Avenue like Harry Truman, except that Harry Truman 'needs no police escort. He thumped the tables-in. the United Nations like a small ,boy in a tantrum, but after Awhile, nobody noted that except; in disgust. He went on the Susskind program .arid lied without sense. • SURELY, IT WAS a wasted effort...Khrushchev had brought together the heads of many states to make t show of his power. It was the largest "assemblage of rulers in history. But they made little impression because Khrushchev overwhelmed everybody. He stole the;.-stage. Usually Nehru of India .gets top billing but,Nehru was no match for Khrushchev in stealing : the center, of the stage. The whole business was an exercise in futility. However, it did. disclose one fact—a .{tremendously significant fact. Soviet Russia now seeks to destroy^ ;;the United Nations and will do.it by whatever means are available. In this session, Khrushchev failed but he disclosed his hand. Stalin held fast to the doctrine that the small nations amounted to nothing. He respected but disliked;, the United States.' He regarded Great Britain as de ; cadent and France .and Germany as no longer significant. ' KHRUSHCHEV MAKES a play for the small nations only because in such a body as the United Nations,, they have the votes. Apart from that, he is contemptuous of them. Had he succeeded in killing off the. United'Nations, he would not be forced to submit to the blackmail which both Soviet Russia and the United States may be forced to accept during the next years. The African countries," in particular, have an enormous advantage in that they have votes to offer to the highest bidder. Had Khrushchev succeeded in killing 'off the United Nations, the African countries would have no role to play at all. And even such a country as India, despite Nehru and Krishna Menon, would be forced to turn to either the United States for defense against the communist countries or to Soviet B u s s i a f or . protection against Red China. AS IT IS, Khrushchev will have to explain-his failure to his own Presidium and to the Red Chinese with whom he is feuding. Mao Tze-Tung suspects Khrushchev ; of hankering 'for .the non- socialist high standard of living of the West Mao does not need an,improvement in the lot of his people. He feels : that he requires a Chauvinistic expansion of territory to the Chien Lung Sine THE SUNDAY PHAROS-TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS Published «ach Sundaj Dy rh« Pharos-Tribune *nd Prtsj. 517 X. Broadway, Lotansport, Indiana. Entered as second" class mall at th» Postoffice at Ixiiansport, Indian*. und«r th« act of March I. Th» Pharos-Trtbun»-eit. 1144 Th» j>rl»-ut. 1111 Th« Sunday Phm.ro. - Trlbun* and Loffanaport - Prasa. , lOc per copy. Sunda.7 lOo p«r week by jarrler. The Pharoi-Trlbune, tTe- nlnrs and The Loganipcrt Press. morning* and Sunday 40o per wetk by carrier The • Pharos- Tribune, and 'LiOlransport Press •TOo per week by carrier. In La- Elnsport- !5c per week outside of Lrf>»«nsporL By mail- on rural route« In Caa», Carroll. Fulton, Puiaskl, Miami and' White counties, each p'aptr 110.00 year; outside Indiana, 111.00 per year. All rat.ll subscriptions payable IB id>anc«. No mall subscription •old wherever carrier aerrle* I* maintained. Inland N*w«9ap«r Reir«s«nta- UT»S- ."We Been Stood Up, Chief" WALTER WINCHELL ON BROADWAY Some confusion exists on the position* of the Roman Catholic Church in temporal matters ever since the question of Sen. John F. Kennedy's religion was hurled into the campaign air. The following was prepared by a group of Roman Catholic clergymen including some of the most prominent theologians and Catholic speakers. They remain anonymous only in light of the fact, as •expanded herein, that the Ro: man Catholic Church has no position; therefore it has no spokesmen; in such temporal matters. The following explains, more simply than we ever have seen, the fallacy of turning a religion into a bigoted political bludgeon. this century, on the purely religious matter of Catholic belief in the Assumption of.the Blessed Virgin into Heaven. - The Roman Catholic Church take no precipitous, shoot-from- the-hip positions. The wheels of Rome grind slowly. The Church takes a strong stand on matters political only when' they directly affect the spiritual. For all the rest, the individual Catholic is left completely free. No Catholic in America, private citizen or public servant, ever is told by his Church what candidate he has to vote for or what stand he has to take on any political issue. A popular case in argument posed by persons who do not know at all how the Church moves, is the question of the Spanish'Civil War. , The leeway Wt to individual conviction in matters political, social, economic, is eloquently evidenced by Uie varied poles of opinion of Catholics in public life, ranging from the . late Senator ' Joseph McCarthy Jo the articulate liberal Senator Eugene McCarthy; from the ultra-conservative Wil- Ifam Buckley to labor's James Carey; from "Commonweal" to "The Brooklyn Tablet,*" from Dorothy Day's "Catholic Worker" to cabinet members Mitchell; and on the international level, from France's DeGaulle to Italy's De- Gasperi, or Fanfani; from Adenauer to Franco to Salazar; De- Valera or King Baudouin. Catholics of both parties in this country have served and are serving in-«very political capacity from Alderman to the U. S. Supreme -Court, with no conflict between creed and country, faith and loyalty, religion and politics, taking and keeping the same oath as the President of the United States. ANGELO PATRI Books Are Bridges for Youngsters A story suited to the understanding and interest of the child audience is a highly important tool, an indispensable aid, to parents and teachers. Every field of instruction from manners to • science can be illumined by a story. As the younger children dwell delightedly in a world of imagination, the fairy tale is their special choice. Their hearts are tender, their sympathies quick and the tale of the good fairy who comes to the aid of the unfortunate finds a ready response in them. The Shoemaker and ihe Elves will be asked for again and again,, never losing its charm. To check a tendency toward unacceptable behavior without being obvious there is nothing so effective as Aesop's Fables. Children love animals and feel Ttin- ship with them. When' Tommy, true to his stage 'of. growth, grasps more than, his- share, the fable of the Greedy Dog comes in beautifully. In using these tales it is essential to remember not to stress the moral. Let it alone. The -child accepts the story as factual. He and that dog are as one'for .the time being and he does not miss the point. To dwell on the moral is to take the story out of the child's realm and put it into the adult's world to which this child is still a stranger. The experienced parent of half- grown children knows that a direct atUck on a childish error is likely to arouse resentment rather than understanding so, instead of speaking oyt immediately he waits for the right time and .launches into a story about someone who did and felt and bore the consequences of just such a mistake. A gleam of laughter helps greatly to take off any edge the tale might show. This accomplished, the youngster is likely to which was the widest expanse of Chinese territory under a Chinese dynasty. (The Mongols are not Chinese but conquerors "of China.) Such an expansion woul8" include .not only Indian -but Russian ter- 'ritory. As Khrushchev must go home empty-handed, what can his explanation be? DREW ' PEARSON WASHINGTON — A great deal has been said and written about the religion of one presidential candidate; very little about the religion of the other. Perhans this is because Vice President Nixon belongs to a very tiny religious minority, the Religious Society of Friends, which has only 125,000 members in the United States against around 45,000,000 Catho• lies. . The Friends, better known as Quakers, have already put one of their faith—Herbert Hoover—in the White House. And many Quakers are concerned over the fact "that the only two Quaker candidates for president have found themselves running against Catholic candidates, which automatically has put them in a position of opposing .»' Catholic in 'the White :House. " . . i Quakers don't 'like to be put in this position, first, because they are proud of their record for religious tolerance; second, because they too have been discriminated say, ''You know what? Something like that happened to me," and because there has been established a friendly association he tells his story and frees himself of any guilt about the matter. The teacher has more need of good stories and the skill to tell them than most people. Every subject he teaches, every incident of school life calls for its story and if he can.tell it well he has his tlass in his hands. One good story is worth a dozen sermons to youth. They hate being preached at but they love a story and can enjoy it even if it touches them on a tender spot. There is no shortage of material.. The American; Library Association has a fine list. The American Friends Service Committee: (Quakers), have in association with B'nai B'rith, a list entitled, "Books Are Bridges," both offering books , suitable for childhood and youth. A visit to the book shop in the neighborhood will disclose a surprising assortment of fine books for these groups. They are the teachers' and the parents' best tools. HUBERT Angelo; Patri offers' readers booklets on » variety of subjects concerning child training. If you would like to have his booklet No. Mli "OBEDIENCE," send 10 cents in coin to him, c/o this paper, >f. 0. Box 99, Station G, New York 19, N.Y. , (Released by The Bell Syndicate) "I und«r»tand, Clufgith, but I'm afraid that getting rid of your wife's brothtr doesn't qualify you!" against in the past; third, because they recognize that they are just as controversial as any religion and more so than most. Since I happen to-be a member of this faith, perhaps I can report on some of the controversial beliefs of the Quakers and the question of whether they might influence a Quaker' president. Nixon And Pacifism The No. 1 question asked about Richard Nixon, as a' Quaker, is whether he would -hesitate to declare war, if war became necessary. Many people, remembering that several thousand Quaker conscientious objectors went to jail in World War II rather than serve as combatants, understandably raise the question of Nixon's position were he to become\commander-in-chief. In this respect it should be noted that members of the Society 'of Friends, while universally condemning war, are now divided regarding the question of, combat service, once their country has entered a defensive war. Second," many Quakers consider Mr. Nixon anything but a strict doctrinarian when it comes to pacifism. They recall that during the Indo-China crisis of 1954, Mr, Nixon, addressing the American Society of Newspaper Editors, let drop the . word, that American troops would be sent to the mainland of Asia to combat the Chinese Communist amiy. From the tenor of his talk it appeared that he approved of this important military move. It turned out .that this step had been urged by Adm. Arthur Radford, but was opposed by other members of the Joint Chiefs .of Staff, notably Gen. Matt Ridgway, and that Eisenhower finally overruled the course his vice president said was about to be taken. The majority of Quakers disapproved of Nixon's position at that time. But regardless of whether he was .right or wrong regarding Indo-China, he certainly did not let his religion interfere with his position as a government official. Nor has he seemed unduly influenced by the tenets of the Quaker faith during his current scolding of Senator Kennedy for saying that the United States should not risk.war by defending Quemoy and Matsu. Nixon in this instance has gone considerably further than either President Eisenhower who stated in October 1958 that the islands "as of, themselves are not greatly vital to Formosa,"."or John Foster,Dulles who said that the islands were not "strategically defensible." Nixon And McCarthy v Another tenet of the Quaker faith is regard for their fellow men. And while Quakers have no monopoly on this belief,'many of them cherish and try to practice the teaching of George Fox, founder of the faith, who was imprisoned in England in the 17th century for preaching the. use of love and courage and free speech-in their battles with the English crown. Feeling deeply as they do regarding the dignity of their fellow men, .many Quakers were shocked at the position Richard Nixon took in persecuting Dr. Edward Condon, director.- of the Bureau of Standards; Mrs. Helen Gahagan Douglas, when' he ran against her for the Senate; and for siding so steadfastly with Senator McCarthy during his years of trampling on human rights. One Quaker, Mrs. Elizabeth Babcock of Locust Valley, N. Y., could not believe, in view of; Nixon's close affinity with McCarthy that he- was really * member of the Society of Friends, so she queried the Friends committee on national legislation in Washington. The reply cuoe bide that Nixon On the question of Franco, there never was a. "Catholic position." Communism was involved; because of the loudly publicized Communist involvement, many American Cath6Hcs were predominantly sympathetic to Franco because he was opposed to Communism. This was a matter of widely disparate Catholic opinion. Some American 'Catholics were opposed to Franco. French and Basque Catholics were bitterly opposed to Franco. Jacques Maritain, a prominent Catholic philosopher, was the spokesman of French Catholic opinion. Catholics believe that the Church is the supreme authority over its members in spiritual, religious matters only; and that in all things temporal the State is supreme. Over the years—and during the the past week—some critics have scolded us for including show business trivia in our newscasts. Well in this* reporter's opinion, Brigitte Bardot is news as well as Nikita Khrushchev. The course of events reflects highlights as well as shadows. News has a capricious quality. Personalities frequently arouse greater public interest than profound issues. Hearst editor Walter Howey once accurately noted: "What you must put into the papers is an understanding of the desires, hopes, frustrations and emotions of the people you expect to read and absorb your stuff." News has been defined as "the genius of small incidents made great by great writers." ItMias been, called "the peep show of misery." And "literature in a hurry." Also "everything that happens to you and amihing you repeat." Oscar Wilde called journalism "organized gossip," which is where I came in. The Church does not interfere in the things that- are Caesar's, unless Caesar tries to seize the things that are God's; then she speaks out forcefully—not secretly—as in the condemnation of Na- ziism; Fascism and Communism in the 20th Century. Papal "infallibility" does not pertain to politics, diplomacy or economics. It has to do only with faith and morals, binding on all ihe faithful everywhere, solemnly prefaced with the statement that the fullness of Papal authority is being invoked. This has been done only once in was a member of the Society, but was regarded as "completely unscrupulous." In order not to be unfair to Mr. Nixon, however, the Friends. council said that it was sending a copy of Mrs. Babcock's letter, together with its reply to Nixon's home meeting in Whittier, Calif. The reply from Whittier concurred with the previously stated opinion of Mr. Nixon. This, however, was in 1952 when Nixon was first running for vice president. An inquiry at the Whittier meeting last month brought the reply from Donald E. Shively, clerk, that "Richard M. Nixon is a member in good standing in the East Whittier monthly meeting and has never, to my knowledge, been rebuked by this meeting." Many Quakers will vote for him. Many will not. For Quakers are an individualistic, argumentative people. It is said that where- ever there are two Quakers you will find three opinions-unpopular to some, sometimes right sometimes wrong, and often unattainable. And the only thing I can report for certain is that while many of them will disagree with what is written about them in this column, all will champion its right -to be written. . Those who contend that a newspaperman must have special educational requirements in order to offer opinions on contemporary events are reminded that a poor, friendless, semi-literate immigrant eventually became a giant of American journalism. Joseph Pulitzer. ..What makes a newspaperman a newspaperman was once explained by Pulitzer: "Think of it, you are a journalist. Your thoughts, your ideas, become on the morrow the thoughts and ideas of thousands of people. You can fight crime and corruption and walk the streets hearing them utter your thoughts as their own." You don't really need an education to be a newspaperman. Being a newspaperman is the greatest education of all. As for criticism, this affords us an opportunity to encore one of Fred Allen's nifties: "Don't worry about criticism, for if it had any power to harm, the skunk would be extinct by now." Questions And Answers Q—What president pronounced the famous blessing on the White House? A—John Adams: "I pray heaven to bestow the best of blessings on this house and on all that shall hereafter inhabit it! May none but honest and wise men ever rule under this roof." ' * * • Q—Which bank of a river is the right bank? A—That on the right hand when looking downstream. * * * Q—To what extent are American students studying in foreign countries? A —Approximately 13,600 students studied abroad last year at 520 institutions in 62 countries. LAFF-A-DAY © I960, King FotaaSpiSctfe, Inc^lFbfU rigta roarci. "Wffl you atop pbooiog for a cab every tin* I tm oofac t» )MM ynti"

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