Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on October 16, 1960 · Page 4
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 4

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Sunday, October 16, 1960
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PAGE FOUR THE .PHABOS-TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS, LOG^NSPORT,. INDIANA SUNDAY, OCTOBER 16,- WW. Editorials... / SPELLING AND GRAMMAR Are local and area school children learning the oasic school subjects as they should? The few opportunities we have had to view the work of several-of the local and area high school's students .convince.us that many are-not. li is no exaggeration to say that a considerable number of our local "and area 'high school graduates are deficient both in spelling and grammar. > Sines we havs had no opportunity^to view-the extent of their knowledge in mathematics and 1 science, we are unable to say whether the same deficiencies exist in -those; fields. , Many parents and; educators are, concerned, about the slipshod education many, children of todav are receiving. .That is why the efforts of, laymen like Philip Willkie to revise our educational system are meeting an enthusiastic response in many places. Speakers at the annual meeting,of the council for basic education- in Washington, D. C., a few days ago emphasized that this is no' mere, local- problem. A New .York English professor and a- Pennsylvahiav reading specialist appealed • for. adoption of an entirely:new phonic reading pro- 1 grain in the schools, .while a Massachusetts prin- ' cioal 1 who had visited .schools in 47.states concluded • that "Johnny.-'can't write either.'' With that conclusion we/heartily agree. . ...--. Many school superintendents admit that written composition is the weakest subject in elementary schools. One expert blamed- this situation in part on some ill-prepared teachers who "do not:: recognize the problems of composition, never- having studied it themselves," Whatever the cause, we believe the situation^ should be thoroughly studied and corrected without delay. - /•"' NATIONAL NEWSPAPER WEEK IS YOUR WEEKJQO By Louis Spilman, President and Editor. Waynesboro .(Va) News-Virginian . .-. National Newspaper Week is 21 years old in the United States this year.- • , •,.--,. But individual freedom in the United States is 169 years old this year. . , National Newspaper Week was initiated and is sponsored annually by Newspaper Association ' Managers, Inc., an organization; of executive heads of national, regional and,state newspaper publishers and press associations. . _ . Our three great freedoms' set forth in the. Bill of Rights are "Freedom of the Press",. "Freedom of Speech" and "Freedom of Religion". The free- press of Colonial America' paved the way for these basic freedoms which became- fact -withJ-he coming into force of the Bill of Rights on Decem- her 15, 1791. ' ; . .-..- ,--, "; ? ... These freedoms belong to the people. ... "Freedom of the Press" is-not the property of newspapers, but of all the people..';'..-.it-is-..their guarantee of the right to know;-their'insurance against demogcgy." • , . ',•'.:, "Freedom of Speech" is not the property of politicians and platform speakers, but of all the people . . . it is their own guarantee of free and unafraid expression of their convictions. "Fresdom of -Religion" is .not. the property of minister,, priest or rabbi; but of all the people ... ... it is their guarantee of freedom of conscience and of divine worship in accord with that conscience. National Newspaper Week is designed to focus attention on these-freedoms. A, free, press is the' partner, of the people in the. effort to 'preserve these rights. , 'Newspapers promote National Newspaper Week, not from a selfish motive, but- to emphasize -these basic and vital freedoms, the partnership of .press and people and the. need for everyone exhibiting, dedication and diligence-in. the eternal effort to preserve these freedoms. National Newspaper Week this year is October 15-21. Two days are set aside for particular emphasis: Newspaperboy Day which inaugurated the week on Saturday, and Journalism Education Day; Monday, Oct. 17, sponsored for the first time this year. It is of utmost importance we-present'-a solid front for freedom in-a world in-which freedom is being attached so violently and so unscrupulously. Truth makes-us free. Let us now resolve to continue the dissemination .of .truth, as the indestructible .bulwark against ignorance, enslavement, bigotry and political chicanery. CARNIVAL " * GEORGE E. SOKOLSKY 1)0 SVIDANffi' To Khrushchev, one gladly says, "Good-bye,' Do Svidanie." He came; he saw;- but he did not- conquer. Not a' single measure, that he proposed passed the'Gen- eral Assembly of the United Na- 'tions. He made his strongest stand on the admission of Red China to the United "Nations. Had' he been able to win the new African countries to his, program, Red China would have been admitted. Khrushchev ' returns to ( Moscow empty-handed. This is a'_serious matter for any politician. What clearly was bothering Khrushchev was first, that no dramatic explosion occurred 1 to startle the world at the moment'of Khrushchev's • arrival i n N'e w York. There was no Sputnik; no man was shot to the moon or to Mars.'.Somebody let Khrushchev-, down. -.Or, perhaps, after the, U-2 completed the photographing of- Russian., installations; there .is'no further ""need to try to .scare .us. PRESINDENT EISENHOWER'S conduct-,:'bothered .Khrushchev .no end. So.far as .the government'of the United States is concerned,, rip one knew that Khrushchev .was here. Of, course, the New York. City police protected -him excessively but beyond that there was. nothing. He had not come to the United States; he had,come to- the United Nations. . . ' • The; President -, had nothing to' say to the.man who wants to/bury us. Hewlett that to .Cyrus Eaton and David Susskind.'No American official .greeted him at any point.. Khrushchev, the head, of state, the diplomat had difficulty keeping in'the news; 'Khrushchev,,the clown,; had,no difficulty'at all. He spoke from a balcony like Mussolini :used to do in Rome. He took a. walk on the sidewalk of. Park Avenue like Harry Truman, except;that Harry Truman needs no police escort. He thumped the tables in the .United Nations like a small boy in a tantrum, but after a" while, nobody noted that except,in disgust.'He went on the Susskind program and lied without sense. SURELY, IT .WAS a wasted effort,: .Khrushchev had ^brought together the heads of many states to make a show of his power. It was the. largest assemblage of rulers''in history. But they made little impression because Khrush- ctiev overwhelmed everybody. He stole the stage. Usually Nehru of India gets top billing but Nehru was no matfch for Khrushchev in stealing,,the center of -the. stage. The whole business was an exercise in. futility. "However, it did:, disclose one fact—aV.tremendously significant fact. Soviet Russia now seeks to destroy; the United Nations and will do it by'whatever means are available. In this session, Khrushchev failed but he' disclosed his hand. Stalin held fast to the doctrine that the small nations amounted to nothing. He respected but disliked the .United.States.!; He. regarded 1 Great Britain', : as decadent and France and Germany as no longer significant. KHRUSHCHEV MAKES a play for the small nations only because in such a body as the Uhlted'Na- tions, they have the' votes. Apart from that; he is contemptuous of them! :Had he succeeded in killing off the United Nations,, he would not be forced to submit, to the blackmail .which both 'Soviet Russia and the .Unittd States may be forced to accept during the. next years. The African countries, in .particular, have an enormous advantage in that they have votes to offer to the highest. bidder: Had Khrushchev succeeded-in killing off the United Nations, the African countries would have no role to play at all. And even, such a country, as India, despite Nehru and -Krishna Menon, would be* forced to turn to either the United Stales for defense'against the . communist countries or to -Soviet Russia for protection against Red China. / AS IT IS, Khrushchev will have to explain his failure to his own Presidium and to 'the Red.'Chinese "with whom he is feuding. Mao Tze-Tung suspects Khrushchev of,,hankering for the non- socialist high standard of living of the West. Mao. dqes not need v an improvement in the lot of his people. He feels that he requires a Chauvinistic expansion of territory to the Chien Lung line THE SUNDAY PHAROS-TRIBUNE * and • LOGANSPORT PRESS Published eacll -Sunday Dy tht Pharos-Tribune and Press, 517-E. Broadway; 'Losansport,,Indian a. Entered as- second class- mall it the Postottlce-at, Logansport, Indiana, under th* ici'ot March: •. 1879. The pharoa-Tr!bun»-est..l!4.| The .Preas-est. • 1921 The Sunday Pharo» - Tribune ind 'Logansport Press," 10c ; per sopy. -Sunday 40c per week by carrier. The Pharos-Tribune, evening's and The Logranaport Press, mornings and"' Sunday <0o -•', per week by • carrier The-. Pnartyi- Tribune, .and 1 : Lojjangport. Press 70o per week by carrier.. In JUo- Kanspon. !5c ..per; week, outside of koyansDort,: By -mall on rural routes In Casa. Carroll. Fulton, i'.Ptilaskl,,. Miami • and, 'White counties, 'each paper, Jl 0.00 year; outside Indiana. $18.00, p'er ; yeir. All mall subscriptions payable In tdvance. No• mall, subscription sold wherever carrier "«ernc», 1« maintained. Inland -Wewipa.il er Keprennti- "We Been Stood -Up,, Chief' WALTER WINCHELL ON BROADWAY , , ANGELO DREW PATRI PEARSON Books Are Bridges for Youngsters A story 'suited to the WASHINGTON - A great'deal has been said and, written about the religion of one presidential candidate; very little about the religion; of the other. Perhaps this is because Vice President Nixon belongs-to a very tiny religious minority, the Religious Society, of has on] standing and interest of the child membe ^ . the mM sutes audience is a h.ghly important ,„,,„„-,.,. around ^^ Catho . .. ; _ ucs -;.' • The;Triends, teller known as tool, an indispensable aid, -to par- 'enis and teachers. Every field of instruction from manners-'to science can be illumined by--a. Quakers, have already put one of S j. ory •• . .."-•• .their".-faith—Herbert Hoover—in As "the younger child™ dwell lhe White .House. And many Quak- ddi-hledly in a world of imag- ers are concerned over the fact ination, the fain- tale is their «f the only two Quaker candi- special choice. Their hearts .are dates for president have found tender, their sympathies- quick themselves runiung^gainst Cath- and"the'tale^of the'g-ood fairy ?hc candidates, which -automat who conies to the aid of the.un- ically : h.as put than in a position fortunate finds a ready response. o£ °PE»smg a Catholic in the in them. The Shoemaker andIfte White.^puse.;:.. ; : Elves will be asked for again ; Quakers don't 'like to-be put in and again, .never losing its charm, this position, .first, because'they To check a tendency toward un- are proud of their record -for re- acceptable behavior without be- hgious .tolerance; second, because ing; obvious there is nothing, so they top;have been discriminated effective as Aesop's Fablesr Chil- v--' " '. ~. r . dren love .animals and feel fin- say, "You , know' what? Some- ship with.them. When Tommy, thing : lifce that happened to me," true to his stage.; of. growth, and because there has been, es- grasps more than.,his share,"the tablished-a friendly;association-he fable of the Greedy Dog comes tells his story and frees himself in beautifully. ' of any guilt'about the matter. In using these tales it is essen- ' The teacher has more need of tial to remember not to stress the "g 00 d stories and-the stall to tell moral. Let i't alone.The child.ac-. them "than most people. Every cepts the story as factual. He subject he teaches, every inci- and that dog are as one for the "gent of school life calls for its time being and he does not miss S t 0 ry a nd if he can tell it well he the point. To dwell on the moral i, as ],i s class in his hands. One is to take the story out of the g ocx j S t 0 ry is worth a dozen ser- cliild's realm and put it into the mons to youth. They hate being adult's world to which this child preached at but they love a story is still ^a stranger. and can enjoy it even if it touch- The 'experienced parent of half- es t nem on a tender spot, grown children knows that a di- There is no shortage of mater- rect attack on'a N childish error j a ]. The American Library Asis likely to arouse resentment sedation has a fine list.- The ratherthan understanding so, in- American Friends- Service Corn- stead of speaking but immediately mittee. (Quakers), have in asso- he waits for the righf time and C :ation with B'nai B'nth, a list launches into a story about some- en trtled, - "Books Are Bridges," one who did and felt and bore the 00 th offering books suitable for consequences of just such a mis- childhood and youth. A visit to take. A gleam of laughter helps f ne book shop in the neighbor- greatly to take off any edge the nooc [ win disclose a surprising as- tale might show. This accomplish- sor'tment, of fine books for 1 these ed, the youngster is likely to groups. They are the teachers' and the parents' best tools. which was the widest expanse of _ Chinese territory under a Chinese Angelo Patri offers readers dynasty. (The Mongols ^re not booklets on a variety of subjects Chinese but conquerors of China.) concerning child training. If you Such an expansion would include would like to have his booklet not only Indian but Russian ter- No. 301, "OBEDIENCE," send 10 rilory. cents in coin to him, c/o this pa- As Khrushchev must go home per, P. 0. Box 99, Station G, empty-handed, what can his ex- New York 19, N.Y. (Released by The Bell Syndicate) planation.be? HUBERT "I understand, ,CIuggi$h, but I'm afraid that, getting rid of your wife's brother doesn't qualify you!" "A GOOD caddy wold taw LOST this baJii" againsf.in the past; third, because they recognize, that they are just as; controversial as any religion an'd more so than most. Since I happen to be a member ' of this faith, perhaps I can report on-'-Some of 'the. controversial be. liefs .of'-the Quakers and the question : of whether' -they might,influence a Quaker,'president. •.-".' ' Nixon And Pacifism" The No. 1 question asked about Richard Nixon, as a Quaker," is whether he would hesitate to declare war, if war: became necessary. Many people,'remembering that several thousand Quaker conscientious objectors went to. jail in World War H rather thaii serve as combatants, understandably raise the question of Nixon's position were he to become commander-in-chief. . -••. ' In this respect it should be noted that members,,of the ,Society : ;,of Friends, while universally condemning- war, are now divided.re- garding the. question of combat service, once their country 'Jias entered a defensive war. ; Second, many Quakers consider Mr. Nixon anything but a strict doctrinarian when it comes, .to pacifism. They-recall that during the Indo-China crisis of-1954, Mr. Nixon," addressing the American Society of Newspaper Editor.s,-'let .drop the., word that American . troops would be, sent to the mainland of Asia to combat the Chinese Communist army;.From- the tenor of-his talk it appeared that he .approved of "this important military move. It turned out .that this step had been, urged by Adm..Arthur Radford. but was opposed by other members'of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, notably Gen. Matt Ridgway, and thatTEisenhower,finally overruled the course his -vice president said-was about-to be taken. The majority .of, Quakers disapproved, of Nixon's position at that lime. But regardless of whether he was right or wrong regarding Indo-China, he certainly did .not let his religion interfere with ;his position as a government official. Nor has he' seemed unduly influenced , by the tenets of-the Quaker faith during his current 'scolding.of Senator Kennedy for saying that the United States should not-risk war by defending Quemoy and Matsu. Nixon in' this instance has .gone .considerably further than-either President Eisenhower who stated In : October 1958 that.the:islands "as of themselves are not greatly vital "to Formosa," or John Foster Dulles who said that the islands were not "strategically defensible," Nixon And McCarthy , Another-, tenet of the Quaker faith is regard for their fellow men. And while Quakers have no monopoly on this "belief, < many of them cherish and try to practice the teaching of George Fox, founder 1 of the faith, who was imprisoned in England in the 17th century for preaching the use of'love and courage and free speech in their battles with the Engtish crown. Feeling deeply as they do regarding the dignity of their fellow men, many Quakers were shocked at the position Richard Nixon took in persecuting Dr. Edward Condon, director of the Bureau of Standards; Mrs. Helen Gahagan Douglas, when,he ran against her for the Senate; and for siding so steadfastly with Senator McCarthy during his years of trampling on human rights. , One Quaker, Mrs, Elizabeth Babcock of Locust Valley, N. ,Y., could not believe, in view of Nixon's close'affinity with McCarthy that he was really ,a member of the Society of- Friends, so she queried the Friends committee on national legislation in Washington.^ The reply came back that Nixon Some confusion exists on the position of the Roman Catholic) Church in temporal matters ,ever since the question of Sen. John F. Kennedy's religion was hurled into the. campaign air. The Mowing was prepared by a group of Roman Catholic clergymen including some of the most prominent theologians and Catholic speakers.' They remain anonymous only in light of the fact, as expanded herein, that the Roman Catholic Church has~no position; therefore it. has-no spokesmen; in such temporal matters. The following explains, more simply than we ever have-seen, the . fallacy of turning a religion into a bigoted political bludgeon. The Roman Catholic Church lake no precipitous, shoot-from- the-hip positions. The" wheels of Rome grind slowly. The Church takes a strong stand on matters political only when- they, directly affect the spiritual. For all the rest, the individual Catholic' is left completely free. No Catholic in America, private citizen or public' servant, ever is told by his Church what candidate he has to vote for or what stand he has to take 1 on any po-' litical issue. A popular case in aigument posed by persons who do not know at all how the Church moves, is the question of the Spanish Civil War. On the question of Franco, there never was. a "Catholic position." Communism was involved; because' of the loudly publicized Communist involvement, many American Catholics were predominantly . sympathetic" to Franco because he was opposed to Communism.. This was ' a-mattef of widely disparate Catholic opinion. Some American Catholics were opposed to Franco. • •': . , . . • : French and Basque Catholics were bitterly opposed to Franco. Jacques Maritain, -a prominent Catholic philosopher, was - the spokesman of ; French ' Catholic opinion. Catholics believe that the Church is the supreme authority over its members in spiritual, religious matters 'only; and that in all things temporal the State is supreme. ' ~... The Church does not interfere in the. things that are Caesar's, unless Caesar tries' to seize' the things that are. God's; ; then she speaks out forcefully—not secretly—as .in the condemnation of Na- ziism, Fascism and Communism in the 20th Century. Papal "infallibility" does, not pertain to politics, diplomacy or economics. It has to do only with faith and morals, binding on all the faithful everywhere, solemnly prefaced with the statement that the fullness of Papal authority is being invoked. ' . This has been done only once inf was a member of the Society,, but was regarded as "completely,un-, scrupulous." In order not to be unfair to Mr. -Nixon, however, the Friends council said that it was sending a copy of Mrs. Batcock's letter, together with its reply to Nixon's home meeting in Whittier, Calif. The reply from Whittier concurred with the previously stated opinion of Mr. Nixon.' This, however, was in 1952 .when Nixon was first running fo^r vice president. An inquiry at the Whittier meeting -last month brought the reply from Conald E. Shively, clerk, that "Richard M. Nixon is a member -in good standing in the 'East Whittier monthly meeting and has never, to. my knowledge,- been rebuked by this meeting." Many Quakers will vote for him. Many will not.,F,or Quakers are an individualistic, argumentative people. It is said that where- ever there are two - Quakers - you. will find three opinions-unpopular to some, sometimes right sometimes wrong, and often unattainable. And the, only thing, I can report for certain is'that while many of them will disagree with' what is written about them in this column, all will champion its right to be written. this century, on the purely religions matter of Catholic belief in the Assumption- of the Blessed Virgin into- Heaven.'"' . The. leeway left io individual conviction ,in matters.-political, social, economic, is eloquently evidenced by the varied poles of opinion of..Catholics': in public life, ranging from the late Senator Joseph McCarthy to the articulate liberal-Senator Eugene McCarthy; from the ultra-conservative William Buckley tc- labor's James Carey; from "Commonweal" • to "The' Brooklyn "Tablet," from Dorothy ; .Day's "Catholic Worker" to cabinet members Mitchell; and on the international level, from France's DeGaulle to ..Italy's De- Gasperi, or Fanfani;, from Adenauer to -Franco to Salazar; - De- Valera or King Baudouin. Catholics of both parties in this country have served and are serving in every political capacity from Alderman to the U S. Supreme Court, with no conflict between creed and counliy, faith and loyalty, religion and polices, taking and keeping the same oath as the President of the United States. Over the years—and during the the past week—some cntics have scolded us for including show business trivial-in our'newscasts. Well in this reporter's opinion, Brigitte -Bardpt is news as well as Nikita Khrushchev. The course of events reflects highlights as well- as' shadows. News . has a capricious, quality. Personalities frequently-"arouse greater public interest ^than profound issues. . Hearst- editor Walter Howey once accurately noted: "What you must ..put into the papers is an understanding of the'.'desires, hopes, frustrations and emotions of the people you expect to read and:absorb your "stuff.", ' News has been defined" as "the genius of small incidents made great-by great writers."-It "has been-: called. "the peep show of misery." And "literature in a hurry." : Also ."everything that 'happens to you and: anything you repeat.". Oscar Wilde called journalism "organized gossip," which .is where I, came in. Those who'contend that a news. paperman must have special educational requirements in order to Coffer opinions on contemporary events are reminded that a poor, friendless, semi-literate immigrant eventually : became a giant' ;-of American... journalism.., Joseph -Pulitzer.". .What'makes-a newspaperman a- newspaperman .was once explained by Pulitzer: ' "Think of it,, you are. a journalist. Your thoughts, your ideas, become; on the morrow the thoughts and ideas, of: thousands ...of people.. • You can fight crime and corruption-; and walk .the streets hearing them -•utter your thoughts-as their own." .You don't.really need an education to be a- newspaperman. Being a'newspaperman is the greatest education of all. As for criticism, this.affords us an opportunity to encore one:of Fred Allen's nifties: "Don't'.worry about criticism, for if it had any power to harm, the skunk,would be extinct by-now." Questions And Answers Q—What president pronounced- the famous blessing on;'the .White House? A—John Adams: 'T pray heaven to bestow the best.of-'blessings on this house and on;.aU"that shall hereafter inhabit it! May none but honest and wise men ever rule under this roof." V 9, * Q—Which bank of a~ river is the right bank?. A—That on the right hand when looking downstream. " » *'• * Q—To what extent -are 'American students studying, in foreign countries? '.A — Approximately• 13,600 students studied abroad last year at 520 institutions in 62 countries. -LAFF-A-DAY © I960, King Feitures - Syndiatc, Inc., World rights reserved. "W31 you stop,phoning for a cab every time.I'Bajf ' -, - - ftaaciiK to tease youl" . >\,

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