fa tU 75th Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS. CALIFORNIA. THURSDAY. JULY 22, 1965 $1.50 Per Month Twenty Pag^s 10 Cents REPORT FROM SAIGON - Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara returned from Saigon early yesterday and Immedi- otely made recommendations for U.S. Troop increase in Viet Nam that may foreshadow bigger draft quotas and a call- up of reserves. McNamara was accompanied by Ambassador designate Henry Cabot Lodge (left) who is succeeding Ambassador Maxwell D. Taylor in Saigon, and General Earle C. Wheeler (right), chairman of the Joint Chief of Staff. (UPl Telephoto) Harriman finds Russians take tough stand on Viet BRUSSELS (UPI) — Roving U. S. Ambassador W, Averell Harriman arrived here today from Moscow where two rounds of talks with Premier Alexei N. Kosygin apparently failed to budge the Russians from their tough stand on Viet Nam. Harriman was conferring today with Belgian Foreign Minister Paul-Henri Spaak before going on to Bonn tonight for talks with West German officials. He was expected to explain U.S. policy in Viet Nam and possibly the implication of his Moscow mission. He told newsmen at the airport he would report to President Johnson on his talks with Kosygin before he made any public statements. He had told newsmen in Moscow "I'm not going to say anything" about the Viet Nam crisis. Administration sources in Washington said Harriman's talks with Soviet officials produced no hope Russia might try to persuade North Viet Nam to negotiate the Vietnamese war in the forseeable future. In ending his 10-day visit here, Harriman said the Russians "must be willing to do something serious" on disarmament or, he felt, they would not have agreed to resume the 18-nation disarmament talks in Geneva. "I don't think they would go to Geneva unless they were serious," he said. Harriman also said he believed "progress can be made" between the United States and Russia on other relations, especially in trade, in exchange programs, water desalinization experiments and in control of nuclear weapons in outer space. Business as usual at Santa Barbara, no quake Mariner 4 still sending close-ups from Mars Johnson extends meeting on troops in Viet Nam By MERRIMAN SMITH UPI White House Reporter WASHINGTON (UPI)-President Johnson today broadened his high-level conferences on Viet Nam and indicated talks on bolstering American forces there would continue into the weekend. The President met shortly before noon EDT with Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara and the Joinl Chiefs of Staff. Henry Cabot Lodge, newly named ambassador to Saigon, who was with McNamara in Southeast Asia and sat in on Wednesday's conferences at the White House, was not present today. The White House said he was away from Washington. McNamara, who returned at dawn Wednesday from a five- day fact - finding trip to Viet Nam, brought back recommendations for a bigger U. S. troop commitment to the war. This undoubtedly will require the call - up of reserves and a larger draft of military manpower. Through Review Johnson, McNamara, Secretary of State Dean Rusk, Henry Cabot Lodge, U. S. ambassador - designate to Viet Nam, Central Intelligence Agency Director William F. Raborn Jr. and other top officials Wednesday conducted what was described as a "thorough and penetrating review" of all but the military aspects of the Viet Nam situation. White House Press Secretary Bill D. Moyers said the review centered on such aspects of the war as the operation of the U.S. intelligence apparatus, the role of the U. S. Information Agency (USIA), and economic problems linked with the pacification and reconstruction programs in South Viet Nam. He indicated that any presidential decisions on the war may not be made known immediately. "I am sure he (Johnson) is going to spend a great deal of time m the next few days on this subject," Moyers said. To Consult Congress It was considered likely that Johnson would call in Democratic and Republican congressional leaders to discuss any reserve and national guard call- up. The last such mobilization was ordered by the late President John F. Kennedy during the 1961 Berlin crisis. There now are more than 71.000 U. S. troops in South Viet Nam and the number is going up in the future. Some miUtary sources have expressed. belief that the total might reach 180,000 by the end of the year. McNamara told newsmen Wednesday that the anti-Communist position has "deteriorated" since his last visit to Viet Nam 15 months ago. He said the strength of the Communist Viet Cong guerrillas "has m- creased dramatically" over the past 12 months, but he added there also were signs of weakening in the Red military effort. Weather Redlands Today (2 p.m. Reading) Highest 92, Lowest 56 One Year Ago Highest 96, Lowest 60 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 5:53 a.m.— 7:57 p.m. No smog, allowable bui'ning. San Bernardino Valley: Mostly sunny with some high cloudi ness Friday. Little temperature change. Lows tonight 50-57. U.S. Weather Bureau Noon Forecast Low clouds and local fog will continue along the coast during night and morning hours and will spread inland to lower coastal valleys during late nights and early mornings. Generally sunny weather will prevail otherwise over most of Southern California. There will be some variable cloudiness with a few isolated afternoon and evening thundershowers over mountains and deserts. Not much change in temperatures is indicated. Temperatures and precipitation for the 24-hotir period end ing at 4 a.m. High Low Precip Boston Chicago Cincmnati Denver 91 60 .34 Des Moines Fairbanks Fort Worth Helena Kansas City Las Vegas Los Angeles Mumeapolis New Yoric Oklahoma City Omaha 81 72 .11 Palm Springs Sacramento Salt Lake City San Francisco SeaUle Washington 77 62 77 71 83 63 91 60 91 74 65 42 98 75 87 54 94 79 103 74 80 60 79 65 82 64 97 73 81 72 110 75 89 63 92 67 65 55 70 55 82 63 SANTA BARBARA (UPI) — Residents of this beach community who spent much of Wednesday in fear waiting for a predicted California earthquake went about their business today chuckling about it all. The disastrous temblor prophesied by two soothsayers failed to materialize. The earthquake panic began when Ohio University research student J. Douglas Stewart sent mimeographed letters warning that t\vo women seers had predicted an earthquake and a tidal wave to nine Southern California counties. Most counties apparently dis regarded the letters, but Santa Barbara County Civil Defense Director Elvin R. Morgan as- sertedly fiu-ther distributed the letter to various department Beatty services HOLLYWOOD (UPI) — Fu neral services were scheduled this mommg for animal trainer Clyde Beatty, 62, who died from cancer last Monday in Ventura, Calif. heads marked, ". . . for your information and attention." The result was that fire trucks were rolled onto waterfront ramps and the harbor master was alerted. As the hours ticked by, city officials, switchboard operators and the U.S. Weather Bureau fielded telephone calls from an,xious people asking about the earthquake, but it never oc- cured. Pilot killed in crash of fighter jet CHU LAI, South Viet Nam (UPI) — A U.S. Au: Force pilot was killed Wedneday when his F104 Starfighter jet craved at the Marine Coirps air strip here. A Marine spoksman said the pilot reported losing oil pressure minutes before he attempted an emergency landing. The plane crashed just short of ihe south end of the runway. PASADENA, Calif. (UPI)— America's Mariner-4 space camera, turning in a smash hit performance with its close-up snapshots of the planet Mars, may be called upon for a scientific encore. A Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) spokesman said scientists will decide by Saturday whether to have Mariner-4, today more than 140 million miles from earth, replay the tape on which the historic photographs are electronically engraved. However, there remained "no signs of life" — animal, vegetable or mineral—in the pictures. Mariner-i was not equipped for that task. "We never dreamed we would ever get any\vhere close enough to look for life," said Mariner project Manager Dan Schneiderman. If Mariner-4 is called upon to replay the tape after it fmishes the first complete relay Saturday, tracking stations will spend another 10 days receivmg the pictures — eight tiny pieces every second. In another development, the U.S. space agency said it had decided against building a small, scientifically equipped "tank" to roam the surface of the moon as a part of Project Surveyor. Experts had considered the idea of sending along such lunar rover, weighing about 100 pounds, as a Surveyor "passenger" in 1966 or 1967. However, said space agency officials, authorities called it off "to concentrate aU available efforts on development of the Surveyor spacecraft itself..." Albanian leader threatens U.S. in Red conclave BUCHAREST, Romania (UPI)—A top Albanian Communist claimed today the Communist world can "make it hot" for the United States in the Viet Nam war. He said U.S. troops could be forced to withdraw. Albanian Communist party secretary Raraiz Alia told the fourth session of a Romanian Communist party meeting the Communist nations could isolate the United States by declaring a political and economic boycott. He said this would "make the aggressors, take off from Viet Nam." The Albanian, whose party faithfully follows the Peking line, accused the United States of acting like a "hangman" in Viet Nam and of "trymg to stifle by fire and iron the liberation movement. In another development, it was learned today Russian and Chinese officials have been conducting behind-the-scenes talks at the Communist conclave here. The meeting is being attended by 3.00O Romanian delegates and Communists from 56 foreign countries. Wednesday they heard the most bitter attack to date against U.S. policies in Viet Nam. The attack was delivered by an American. The American was identified as Carl Winter, a member of the Communist party national executive committee in the United States. U.S. imperialism endangers the peace and security of a 11 mankind," Winter charged. He accused the United States of "arrogantly expanding its aggression against the people of Viet Nam, wantonly spreading death and destruction." But soon after Wednesday's session opened Leonid I. Bezh- nev, chief of the Soviet Communist Party, and Teng-Hsiano- Ping, secretary-general of the (Chinese Communist party, got up and left the rostrum. Immediately there was speculation that Brezhnev and Teng were meetmg in an effort to resolve the deep ideological dispute between their countries. Air Force jets extend bomb raid deep into Viet Viet Nam debates may delay adjournment WASHINGTON (UPI)-Senate GOP Leader Everett M. Dirksen indicated today congressional adjournment plans might be complicated by the "terribly serious and dangerous situation in Viet Nam." The Illinois Republican said he did not know yet whether President Johnson would want Congress to act on a new Viet Nam resolution to accompany his expected buildup of U.S. forces in Viet Nam. Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield, Mont., told newsmen he and Dirksen expected to meet wifJi the President "tomorrow or Saturday" to discuss the adjournment outlook. Dirksen was asked if he be lieved the Viet Nam situation miglht interfere with hopes for adjournment of Congress in early September. He replied: "It is a terribly serious and dangerous situation in Viet Nam. It is deteriorating every day. We' aire confrMited by a real crisis." Dirksen said that "whether Congress can adjoiim in the face of this crisis is another matter." Mansfield, in a statement late Wednesday, reviewed what he called the "grim facts" of the Viet Nam conflict. He warned that tlhe war "may go on for four or five or even ten years." The Montana Democrat's remarks Wednesday signaled a new round of congressional debate over the deepening war in Southeast Asia. . In his statement, Mansfield said Amoicans are in for an "ordeal of indefinite duration and increasing sacrifice" m Viet Nam. He called for a new Geneva conference to discuss the crisis. "It is better to face up to this problem than to ignore it in the belief that it will wash away at the end of the monsoons. The time for wishful thinking is past; the time for accepting the reality is now. Indeed it has been time for quite a while," he said. . "We are in, not for a summer of pain and difficulty, but for an ordeal of indefinite duration and incr^ing sacrifice which will persst untl the problem can be solved at tlie conference table." The Democratc leader said either Britain and Russia, who were co - chairmen of the 1954 Geneva conference that ended the French - Indochina war with the partition of Viet Nam, would be "eminently justified in issuing the call for a reconvening of the conference..." Mansfield also declared that President Johnson "has gone down many tracks" in an effort to enter into "uncondilion al discussions" as a prelude to peace negotiationsj but has met with "silence or, rebuffs at every turn." But House Republican Leader Gerald R. Ford declared that the United States should seek something more than a nego tiated settlement in Viet *Nam The Michigan congressman noted thait until now debate had been concerned with escalating the fighting. "Perhaps the- time has ar rived when the President, and those of lis who support him must escalate, not means- alone — but the ends for which we fight," Ford said in a speech. SAIGON (UPI) - 'U.S. Air Force jets stabbed deeper into North Viet Nam than ever before today, destroying a bridge less than 42 miles from the Communist Chinese border. In South Viet Nam, a U.S. spokesman said air and ground operations Wednesday killed 49 Communist guerrillas. Three F105 Thunderchief fighter - bombers flew today's deep mission into the Communist north. Pilots blasted the highway bridge 135 miles northwest of Hanoi, then doubled back and -bombed the railroad yards at Yen Bay, 110 miles northwest of the Communist capital. An American spokesman said the raid was IVi miles closer to the Chinese border than any previous attack. Eight American planes today bombed the North Vietnamese army barracks at Dong Cao Thon 60 miles north of the 17th parallel border with South Viet Nam, destroymg 20 buildings. In the south, the spokesman said U.S. Navy and Air Force planes flew more than 280 strikes against Communist guerrillas Wednesday. Reconnaissance pilots reported 23 Viet Cong killed, 254 buildings destroyed, 145 others damaged and four sampans sunk. No American planes were lost on the strikes, but a U.S. Air Force pilot was killed today when his jet fighter crashed while trying to make an emergency landing at the Chu Lai airstrip near Da Nang. Capt. Thales A. Derrick of Salt Lake City, Utah, flew one of the raids agamst a guerrilla encampment 150 miles south of Saigon. "Over 50 per cent of the target was burning when we left," Derrick said. Aerial observers reported sighting 15 guerrilla bodies after the raid. Search, Destroy Mission On the ground, Vietnamese troops on a search and desti-oy mission m Quang Tm Province 350 miles northeast of Saigon reported killing 26 Viet Cong and capturmg 15 others. Government casualties were described as "light." In another development, national highway 20 leading from Saigon to the mountain town of Dalat 175 miles northeast of Saigon was open again today for the first time in more than six weeks. Guerrilla forces had cut the highway with armed (Continued on page 2) Ford asks endorsement before reserve callup WASHINGTON (UPI)—House Republican Leader Gerald R. Ford called on President Johnson today to gat an endorsement from Congress before calling up any reservists because of tlie Viet Nam war. Senate GOP Leaders Everett M. Dirksen said Republicans in Congress did not shrink from doing whatever the situation demanded. But he said the American people should be alerted, within the limits of security, as to what that situation was. "This is for -keeps," Dirksen said. Other congressional news: Amendment: ()pponents of Dirfcsen's constitutional amendment on legislative reapportionment marshaled their (forces to try to prevent him from pushing his proposal on the Senate floor, Coleman: The Senate delayed until Monday a vote on con firmationof former Mississippi Gov. James P. Coleman as a Rain dampens Girl Scout roundup FARRAGUT STATE PARK, Idaho (UPI) — Rain, which threw a blanket over some of the proceedings Wednesday at the international Girl Scout senior roundup, was expected to dampen things again today. But the scheduled big event of the day, a keynote address by Idaho Gov. Robert E. Smy lie, was expected to be only slightly affected by the elements. Smylie is to speak to the girls on women in government in a talk entitled "I Am Engaged in My Government and My World." The 9,000 girls at this 5,000- acre site fuiaUy found out Wednesday why they had been told to bring - warm clothing. The steady rain forced cancellation of a number of demonstratims when the downpour threatened to damage some of the materials iised. The major program of the day came off on schedule. That was a forum session featuring Dr. James Eagan, vice president of the National Council of Christians and Jews, and the Rev. Fred L. Shuttles worth, secretary of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. judge of tlie 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. Home rule: The Senate passed a bill to give home rule to the District of Columbia. Adjournment: Dirksen said Uie Viet Nam situation might block congressional hopes for adjournment by Labor Day. Crime: Atty. Gen. Nicholas Katzenbach testified at a Senate hearing in favor of legislation to provide a $10 million, three-year program of federal aid to state and local police agencies. He said there are many tilings that might be done to aid law enforcement •— including the possibility of re- lievmg police of the chore of arresting plain drunks. Scientist passes WARSAW (UPI)-Polrsh anthropologist and ethnologist Jan Czekanowski died Wednesday in Szczecin. He was 83. Soviets admit secret organization in Russia MOSCOW (UPI)-The Soviet government today officially admitted that an anti-government underground organization is operating within Russia. The admission came during the opening session of the trial of Gerald Brooke, 27, a British schoolteacher charged witii coming here to help the clan- desinte organization. He pleaded guilty. The organization was identified as the Popular Labor Alliance (NTS), a Paris-based organization of Russian emigres dedicated to overthrowmg the Soviet government. Brooke was arrested by KGB (Soviet security) agents in Moscow last April. He testified today he came to Russia as a secret agent for the organization. The mdictment said Brooke was to spread anti-Soviet literature, collect Moscow maps and collect intelligence data. The indictment, in citing NTS activity during World War II, indicated the underground organization has been active here, off and on, for at least 25 years, despite government efforts to stamp it out. Prosecutor Gennadi Terekhov told the court that Brooke, who faces up to sevai years m pris on, "fully admitted his' guilt and stated tiiait he repents. Brooke confessed during the pre-trial investigation, Terekhov said. The Briton's Russian defense lawyer, Nikolai Borovic, said his client "admitted his guilt clearly." "I'll try for a minimum sentence," the attorney told newsmen. Brooke and his wife were arrested last April while visiting Russia as tourists. The Briton, a lecturer- in languages in London, had studied in Moscow University in 1959 and was picked up while visit ing the apartment of some Russian friends. He speaks Russi an fluenUy. Brooke's wife was questioned for a night and then released. She returned to Britain. Brooke was held incommunicado on unspecified charges for a time. Later, British representatives were permitted to visit him in prison. He was accused of spreading subversive propaganda aimed at "undermming, weakening and damagmg" the state. There was speculation that the anti-Soviet organization referred to m the charges against' Brooke was the Popular Labor Alliance (NTS), a Russian emigre group with headquarters in Western Europe. • - Many injured as rioting continues in Greece ATHENS (UPI)-Th Greek government put the armed services on an alert standby today in fear of new and Communist- inspu-ed riots. Eight hours of rioting ended early today with at least one dead, scores injured and nearly 300 in jail. Defense Mmister Stavros Kis- topolous summoned the various service commanders to an afternoon meeting and informed them he had received "information that the Communists may start new riots." At the same time Public Order Minister Adm. John Toum- ba said the Communists, who polled 14 per cent of the votes m the last election, and ousted Premier George Papandreou were directly responsible for the new riots. There have been disturbances throughout Greece since 25-year old King Constantine fired 77- year-old Papandreou and replaced him with George Atha- nassiadis-Novas. The worst came Wednesday night when 10,000 persons, mostly students, rampaged through the streets of Athens demanding Papandreou's return. Police quelled the rioting early today with batons, firehoses, tear gas and armored cars. Bid accepted for new Porter tunnel LOS ANGELES (UPI) - A combmed bid of $33,788,800 from three of the nations largest building firms was accepted today for construction of the Carley V. Porter tunnel in the Tehachapi Mountains. The five-mile long tunnel, to be built about 10 miles northeast of Gorman as part of the state's massive Feather River Water Project, will carry an estimated flow of about 110-million gallons of water an hour. The low bid was submitted by a three-firm combine of Drave Corp. and Guy F. Atkinson Co., both of San Francisco, and the S. J. Groves and Sons Co. of Minneapolis, Minn. When completed by the end of 1969 and Imked with other tunnels to be completed at later dates, the Tehachapi tunnel will bring surplus water from Northern California to 14 South- em California agencies.
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