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Auburn Journal from Auburn, California • 10

Auburn Journali
Auburn, California
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PAGE A-10 AUBURN JOURNAL Auburn, Tuesday, November 18, 1980 Labor vs. robots MORE ON: eflosft? Will lobs What both sides it was difficult for her grandfather to get the story because the Donner Party survivors were ''driven underground" by society. His book, she said, helped reestablish the survivors as members of society and many of the surviviors "became life-long friends" with McGlashan. McGlashan wrote the Donner Party history in She said her grandmother Nona, for whom she was named, often called herself the "chief sufferer of the Donner Her husband often would leave home for long periods or write long hours on the mountain tragedy. for a subscription.

When McGlashan discovered the man lived on the California coast, the editor asked why he was interested in a small mountain newspaper. The man requesting the subscription was James Breene, a Donner Party survivor. "There were 90 people in the Donner Party. They reverted to human flesh (to survive). No one murdered for it," Ms.

McGlashan told the crowd. Her grandfather was the only historian to interview all 26 party survivors as well as members of the rescue teams. He published the first complete history of the tragedy in the pages of the Truckee newspaper and later released the book. Ms. McGlashan said McGlashan was editor of the Truckee Republican; a defense attorney; a legislator; superintendent of schools for the Truckee area; principal for Truckee High School; astronomer; and butterfly collector, (he discovered a "new" species each of butterfly and moth).

Before he died, McGlashan told his family, "I will be remembered for 'The History of the Donner "I remember him for so much more than just a Ms. McGlashan said. She spent most of her talk, however, describing how her grandfather researched his history of the famous mountain tragedy. In 1878 a man walked into the offices of the Republican and asked "A robot is merely another piece of automation," says John Fulmer, president of the Robotics Institute of America, head of Cincinatti-Millicron's robot-making division. "It is going to change the character of jobs.

"Automation has taken man out from behind an ox up to an air conditioned tractor that helps him grow 100 times as much food. Now you don't see the old stoop worker in the fields of the South anymore. "Automation has improved the lives of everybody who has to do that kind of thing. "The robot, it merely improves productivity, multiplies man's power. But it is still just automation which, historically has resulted in an improved standard of living, more productivity and more jobs.

"An example the impact of automatic telephone systems, the kind used every day now. Compare it with the old operator system which would take every woman in the country to do today. And your elevator operators in office biddings. There are more elevator service technicians today than there ever were elevator operators." By Fred Ferguson United Press International Industry, on the whole, says never fear. No jobs will be lost.

Robots will be good for you. Labor, the organized kind, so far has taken the first rolxrtic beachheads in industrial plants calmlj About the only ripple in that calm came earlier this year when some workers were reported to have speculated that the closing of Ford's big Mahwah, N.J., plant was actually a scheme to automate it more fully before reopening it at a time when the auto market had improved. But the union most affected, the UAW, has pretty much accepted the use of robots in automotive plants. Other unions affected, and there are few so far, have followed suit. But in all cases, with provisos.

Any workers replaced must be retrained or reassigned. "What Charlie McCarthies (as autoworkers have dubbed robots) do in the skilled trades," says Dick Martin, co-director of the UAW's skilled trades department, "is they increase our work force electrical work, installation, computer operation, that's your skilled trades worker. "We really end up putting more people into skilled trades to maintain these robots. "Normally," Martin says, "people think it's just a piece of equipment that sits there and does the work. But it creates lots of work for the maintenance trades.

As automation increases, the skilled trades work force increases." In fact, robots have so far had little or no effect on the workforce size. There are only some 3,000 of these mechanical arms in use in U.S. production plants. And such robots have been around for 20 years. But now their numbers appear destined to grow more rapidly.

The adverit of microprocessors and, as a result, brainier computer systems tied to newly developed robots that can see and feel is moving them from limited and specialized production work to true assembly line status. "Assembly robotics is just emerging," says Dr. Jules Mirabel, who heads what amounts to an in-house automation consulting firm set up by General Electric. "It is a much larger opportunity for industry than the present applications of industrial robots. Assembly is the second largest activity we have and the second largest cost behind the finished product." "The biggest use of robots, ultimately," says Dennis Wysnoski, who heads the Air Force-aerospace industry's ICAM project, aimed at eventual development of the automated factory, "will be in assembly, where we have far too labor-intensive operations which limit our ability to change, to respond to surge." Rather than replacing a relatively few workers from work they didn't want to do in the first place welding, painting, feeding curing furnaces robots are expected to soon have a larger role on the production line.

But the pace at which the change takes place is likely to be slow since total U.S. production of robots is now only about 100 a month. "So long as the replacement (of workers) hasn't exceeded natural attrition," says Gordon Richardson, author of a report evaluating the advent of robots for the financial consulting firm of Arthur D. Little, "robots haven't been resisted by labor. When that is going to change, I don't know." Other authorities interviewed are equally uncertain.

But most feel the change, in view of organized labor's strength and other factors, will be more evolution than revolution. In the long run, says George Sutton of the Machine Tool Task Force, Lawrence Liver-more Laboratories 1 in California, "On balance, there will be a fewer number of heads but they will be more professional." Joseph Engelberger, industrial robotics pioneer, head of the robotics firm, Unimation, has another example. "Look at all the jobs the computer industry has created," he says. "I argue about this with a lot of people, particularly liberal arts academic types. I say productivity is always good, bar none "What you do with this blessing, how you divide it up, is up to you." Workers, he says, might benefit with shorter working hours, a four-day work week, cleaner and less strenuous working conditions.

"I look at it this way, a gain in productivity increases the options. But if you don't have productivity, you don't get any of it." "Obviously," says Paul F. Guy, Ford Motor director of manufacturing, engineering and systems, "this is an area of high interest on the part of the UAW. I sit on the UAW-Ford technology interchange committee where we work to communicate our plans that may impact on our labor force. "So far, our application of universal transfer devices (what Ford diplomatically calls robots) has been rather smooth.

It does present a training requirement, the need for new skills because there will be a greater force of technical specialists to operate and maintain the machines. We've moved slowly in this area." The UAW's Martin notes that labor has already moved for job security provisions, citing a technical letter incorporated in Ford negotiations over the past year. It includes provisos requiring retraining of production workers replaced by robots and a priority status for them in the line for skilled jobs. "The first people into the apprenticeship program are these production workers," he says. Author.

Continued from Page One those who wonder what happened." She said her grandfather was in the first category. Ms. McGlashan said her book is not a "sentimental journey into the last century," but is a book about "what the man was, not just what he did." After McGlashan was named to the California News Press Hall of Fame in 1968, 37 years after his death, "many strangers came to us and wanted to write his story because he was such an overachiever," said Ms. McGlashan. "Our family didn't want to give permission to any strangers because this man was different.

My grandfather had what would be called today a 'star quality'. He had personal charisma," she said. MORE ON: Dump. (Continued from Page One) study session. At least 50 percent of the waste wood would be stored in a separate area at the dump and local residents invited to collect it free of charge.

In addition, a methane collection system should be installed, Gailbreath said. Councilmen George Beland and Jack Veal MORE ON: Trial. Continued from Page One to draw its attention to the jury. On the witness stand Monday, Dr. Francis Crinella, a psychologist from Costa Mesa, Orange testified that he believes Van Ord is a schizophrenic and was MORE ON: Church (Continued from Page One) ed next-door neighbor Larry Webber.

"Possibly Modular Homes might be bigger." Webber said he was concerned that the facility would be used every day and evening. He said traffic already is congested during school hours at the cor- MOREON: Sierra (Continued from Page One) creative photography and a host of others. nThe ervico Theodore Bates Airman First Class Theodore K. Bates, son of Mr. and Mrs.

Harold A. Bates Sr. of Auburn, has been named outstanding airman of the quarter at Hill AFB, Utah. A weapons loadcrew member, the airman was selected for professional skill, duty performance and exemplary behavior. separating their recyclables.

Possibly some rate incentives will be needed, he added. The new dump will probably be located adjacent to the Auburn Airport or in Meadow Vista. It should be completed within five years. Gailbreath was careful to point out that the city of Auburn should contribute finan Jesus Christ and had found his mate for eternity when he kidnapped Miss Eurton. Van Ord also suffers from self-contempt, said Crinella, for failing to defend himself from homosexuals in prison and from beatings he received Supervisor C.T.

(Jim) Henry noted that church-goers park all over the residential streets in his home town, Colfax, but no one seems to mind much. "There's something about, when we go past a church, whether it's ours or somebody else's, it's a good feeling to go by there and see all those people in church and we slow down, we really do," said Henry. cially to the project in order to retain some control over the dump's quality. In other action the council favored an assessment for Historic Auburn businesses and offices. The assessment will range from $25 to $75 a year.

Funds will be used to renovate Historic Auburn. Public hearings will be held later this year before the assessment goes into effect. from his father. "All he wants is to be loved," added Crinella. Crinella said the waitress represented a "symbolic love relationship," to Van Ord who had been nurturing a love relationship since he was 14.

When Van Ord released the waitress, Crinella further testified, Van Ord realized she was not the person he was preordained to be with for eternity. ROYAL THE WOODSTOVE STORE Pioneer Village across hwy. from Fiddler Green Plaza 885-8066 CALL C0LLECT agreed with the plan "100 percent." Mayor Ronald Lichau warned that in 10 to 30 years, recycling garbage may be a permanent way of life. Part of the task, added Councilman Al Albertazzi, will be to get the public to accept the plan. He said the idea has been used in other communities and the public has resisted not in full contact with reality during the robbery-slay ing-kidnapping.

Crinella testified that he interviewed Van Ord at length and found him to be in conflict over his sexual roles. According to the psychologist, Van Ord thought he was ner of Kellogg Road and Old State Highway. Supervisor Alex Fer-reira, however, said all of downtown Newcastle is congested but felt it didn't result in major accidents. "I just don't see why all these people can't co-exist," observed Ferreira. The board will additionally consider maintaining a no-charge status for those students who are enrolled in "short-term classes which meet off campus, are one unit of credit or less and are not advertised" in the campus class schedule.

Currently, full-time students are charged $5 for health services. Adolf Hitler wrote "Mein Kampf" in landesberg prison in 1923 after he was imprisoned for leading the Munich Beer Hall Putsch. WKsjn 54413091 In a newly published Worldwatch Institute paper on the effect of microelectronics on productivity and jobs, Colin Norman, looks further ahead. Norman, co-author of "Running on Empty," which deals with the future of the automobile in an oil-short world, notes that somewhere in the not too distant future, probably the next century, is the "factory in which computer-controlled equipment carries out an entire production operation." There is the nagging question: If you automate all the jobs, where do all the workers go? First, Norman sees a change in manufacturing from job-creating productivity increases through automation to "jobless growth" through automation. Coincident with industrial job losses, he cites rapid expansion of employment in the fields of finance, insurance, government, services what he calls the tertiary sector.

"In the United States, for example, 92 percent of the new jobs created between 1966 and 1973 were in this sector But Norman finds good reason to believe automation and the drive to reduce government spending may curtail job growth in the tertiary sector. Overall, there could be jobless growth, even with effective retraining coupled with government and industry policies designed to smooth the transition to the electronic age. "The time may have come to consider how to share work in a high productivity economy," Norman writes. He cites the drive by some unions for a reduced number of work hours through, such steps as a shortened workweek, longer vacations, sabbaticals. SERVING GOLFAX TO ROSEYILLE Prof.

Peter F. Drucker, writing in the Wall Street Journal, views it as a part of the rein-dustrialization he and other social scientists see as an answer to this country's need to increase productivity to compete with foreign products. Drucker notes the nation's blue collar work force is rapidly diminishing with the advent of white-collar technicians to run the computers and robots. He believes, "The shift to knowledge-based manufacturing is the only way to expand employment in this country without worsening inflation. S7 eft.

1 m'mm- mm mm MTirmrf1 if si ill In Penryn is now Obituary RONAN-KNOX ENERGY SYSTEMS Serving Country Style Pork Spare Ribs $4.35 Short Ribs of Beef J6.95 Chicken Cacciatore Hunter Style $5.95 Filet of Sole .....5535 Broiled Chicken $5.25 Broiled Ground Sirloin Steak $525 Broiled Beef Brochette $7.25 Broiled Top Sirloin Steak $125 Dinners include Soup, Salad, Entree A La Carte order $1 .25 less. II as ii Eliminate all the Christmas Shopping Craze. BRINGING TO FOOTHILL HOMES Use the Classified throughout Yuletide Gift Guide the Holidays. A A HIGH PERFORMANCE SOLAR hOT WATER SYSTEM i Elmer Carmack Services will be held Wedenesday at 10:30 a.m. at the Sands' Foothill Chapel in Loomis for Elmer Claude Carmack, 86.

The Rev. Sam Cagle will officiate. Interment will be in the family plot in the Rocklin District Cemetery. Mr. Carmack died Sunday in an Auburn hospital.

He was a native of Baldwyn, and had lived in Loomis for the past 30 years. He was a retired employee of McClellan AFB, havi. etired in 1961. He formerly lived for many years in Bakersfield, Kern County, where he was a life member of the Disabled American Veterans Post 20. He was a member of the Loomis Pentecostal Church and was a veteran of the U.S.

Navy, having served in World War I. Surviving are his wife, Mrs. Emma Etta Carmack of Loomis; and nine of his 13 children: Harvey Eugene Carmack of Spokane, Edgar Lee Carmack of Col-linsville, Ralph Andrew Carmack of Sacramento, Claude Owen Carmack of Loomis, Wayne Harlton Carmack of Rocklin, Betty Jo Smith of Lincoln, Anna Ruth Berg of Loomis, Helen Inalee Medeiros of Lincoln and Linda Lee Silva of Rocklin; 37 grandchildren and 46 great-grandchildren a sister, Cleo Rattliff in Hamilton, Miss. FEATURING THE NEW Enjoy dinner in our new dining room overlooking Interstate 80 and the Sierra foothills. Betr and wine available GENERAL ELECTRIC TC-10O VACUUM TUBE SOLAR COLLECTORS CALL US FOR A RFE ESTIMATE Located at the Penryn exit on Interstate 80 823-0282.

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