Messenger-Inquirer from Owensboro, Kentucky on September 2, 1977 · 27
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Messenger-Inquirer from Owensboro, Kentucky · 27

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Owensboro, Kentucky
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Friday, September 2, 1977
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27
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MESSENGER-INQUIRER. CWdboro, Ky., fri.. Swat. 7, 1977 11B in fhe world - Emphasis on issue questioned Radio stations report on rights - EDITOR'S NOTE - The airwaves of Europe are filled ."daily with the broadcasts of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty. These U.S.-financed ' stations getting added attention these days. By DAVID MLN-THORN Associated Press Writer MUNICH, West Germany (AP) - Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty have long been thorns ,in the side of Communist leaders in Moscow and other Soviet bloc capitals. The ;sting appears sharper now with the East-West dispute over human rights. ' The two stations, housed in a rambling two-story building ' framed by trees in a downtown ; Munich park, report the human rights issue comprehensively. ' The U.S. government-fi-Inanced stations beam programs -that include 10-minute newscasts in 22 languages every hour, all day, supplementing -government controlled informa- - tion from the East with uncen-sored news from the West. "It's the only source for (full) information about what .' happens in Poland," a Warsaw I d 1 s s i d e n t who requested 'anonymity told a Western re-" porter recently. "This round-; about way is necessary because -there is no press freedom in lour country." "! Much of the news this year has been about President Car-'- ter's support for East Bloc dis-' sidents and their petitions to Communist leaders to live up to human rights sections of the Helsinki accord of 1975. ; Signed by the Soviet Union, the United States and 33 other '. countries, the accord recognizes post-World War II European borders and pledges the ' signers not to interfere with the internal affairs of other countries. But the East Bloc dissidents and the stations - have focused on the free movement of people and ideas. "To me it is a fairly simple issue," says Frank Starr, director of Radio Liberty's Russian language service. He says he doesn't believe Moscow has grounds for claiming that the broadcasts are intruding on Soviet domestic affairs. "Radio Moscow broadcasts in English to the United States over a large part of the day, and a lot of other languages besides. So I don't see why we shouldn't broadcast to them in Russian." Radio Free Europe limits its broadcasts to Eastern Europe and claims a daily audience of 16 million in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary. Radio Liberty aims its programs at the Soviet Union, where it claims four million listeners a day. The stations were set up in 1949 with secret financing by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency to encourage dissent behind the Iron Curtain. Broadcasts tended to be emotional and belligerent during the Cold War of the 1950s, but station officials say the aim is now to provide "objective, balanced information." The stations have been strengthened recently by an influx of new staff members, including emigres from the Soviet Bloc. "We now have a pretty good mixture of people who have lived in the West for 20 or 30 years and some who have just arrived," Starr says. "We have some broadcasters who worked for Radio Moscow ... and one of our best speakers, Julian Panich, was an actor on Soviet television and radio." But the new staffers have stirred up the stations' own m i n i-dispute over human rights, or at least about how to cover the issue. "Every time Carter says something on human rights, every time it comes up in relation to the Belgrade conference, very much of the Samizdat (Soviet dissident) writing we broadcast it," Starr says. Sometimes I think we overdo it." Starr joined the stations last May. But Zygmunt Michalowski, acting director of RFE's Polish broadcasts, believes the stations should stress human rights even more. "We have an overwhelming body of evidence that news reports about human rights get things done," Michalowski says. He is a Polish emigre who has been with RFE since 1954. "Even (Nobel laureate) Andrei Sakharov said he owed his life to Western news reports about his struggle for human rights in the Soviet Union," Michalowski adds. "Plenty of Soviet citizens aren't engaged in the human-rights struggle," says Starr, a former Moscow correspondent of the Chicago Tribune. "My concern is that we don't appear to be the voice of the dissidents to these ordinary Russian listeners." Two Associated Press reporters who traveled in Communist Eastern Europe recently had a chance to gauge some reaction there to the Western broadcasts. They found that ideology apart, some Eastern European leaders found the tone of the stations irritating, and some Western diplomats said several older announcers for the stations sounded condescending. "What I don't like about Radio Free Europe is that they pretend to be the voice of Poland," a Polish official said. But changes are being noticed by some listeners. A 38-year-old doctor in Bucharest said he stopped listening to the Romanian Broadcast several years ago because he considered it propaganda. But he said he tuned in after a severe earthquake hit Romania last March and was pleased to hear the way the station had revamped its programming. RFE's Romanian division stayed on the air around the clock carrying news of damage and rescue operations. It also acted as a clearing house for telephoned messages between Romanians and their relatives in Western countries. ' Nearly 1,000 men and women - many of them highly educated refugees from Eastern Europe - work in Munich's hushed complex of studios, libraries and news desks to produce the programs of music, interviews and banned-book readings. After CIA links were exposed in 1971, Congress began paying for the stations directly, with a budget this year of $52.7 million. U.S. officials said the CIA ties have been cut, but Moscow still hammers on that theme. "They continue to enjoy the management of both staff members of the CIA, former agents of the Gestapo (Nazi secret police) and Hitler's intelligence service (and) all kinds of renegades who have sold their homeland," Tass, the official Soviet news agency, said. The Tass attack came after Carter's request last April that Congress budget $22 million to boost transmitters for RFE-RL A technician at Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty in Munich, Eastern European countries. From here, uncensored ten-minute West Germany, mans a control board where tapes in different newscasts are aired every hour in 22 languages. (AP photo) languages carry U.S.-sponsored broadcasts to the Soviet Union and Carter plans new agency to be in . control of VOA WASHINGTON (AP) - President Carter, rejecting a recommendation that the Voice of America (VOA) be made independent, plans ' to create a new government agency keeping the international radio station under the indirect control of the secretary of state. U.S. officials said Carter's plan will bolster the independence of the VOA's news operations. The VOA currently is part of the U.S. Information Agency (USIA). The State Department sets policy guidelines for USIA employes here and abroad, where they are attached to U S Cmbflssi6s ; The Carter plan, devised by a State Department study group, rejects recommendations made in 1975 by a panel headed by former CBS president Frank Stanton to split the VOA away from the information agency. . Stanton had argued that policy-making by the State Department should be separated from radio broadcasting and such activities as operating libraries and cultural centers overseas. . During last year's political campaign, Carter said the VOA has been "entangled in a web of political restrictions Imposed by the V " . , Department of State which seriously limits its effectiveness." The Carter proposal would become effective if neither chamber of Congress rejects it within 60 legislative days after submission. Officials said it will be submitted sometime before Oct. 31. Officials said that the plan provides that the USIA and the cultural affairs bureau would be under the "guidance" of the secretary of state but would have their own budget and administ-: ration. But officials said the VOA alone would be responsible for the content of its news programs. There was some skepticism within the VOA about how much the Carter plan will change things. For one thing, the USIA and the VOA already are technically independent of the State Department. One VOA employe pointed put that current law specifically forbids policy makers from interfering with the VOA's news presentation, Under the planned reorganization, that employe said, there is concern that the secretary of state and his subordinates might attempt to take a more direct hand In the news that VOA transmits around the world. The head of the new agency is expected to be be John E. Reinhardt, the current USIA director. The independence of the VOA has been called into question in some recent news events. During the final collapse of Vietnam and Cambodia, VOA reporters were told to tone down their accounts of the war to avoid panic in Southeast Asian countries. In reporting the Watergate scandal, VOA was criticized for allegedly ignoring aspects adverse to Nixon. In another incident, Charles Weiss, the VOA staffer in Jerusalem, ran into problems over his contacts with a representative of the Palestine Liberation Organization. Malcolm Toon, then U.S. ambassador to Israel, complained that Weiss should follow U.S. policy and steer clear of the PLO. Weiss' superiors at VOA ordered him to follow that policy in the future. Hodding Carter, the State Department spokesman, said Thursday that the VOA will remain independent in its presentation of news. However, he said the VOA has always been obliged to keep In mind U.S. policy on major issues. 1 and the Voice of America, the U.S. government's official radio abroad. The Carter proposal is to continue a program begun in 1975 to overpower jamming, or interference broadcast by the Communists. Already 12 short-wave transmitters in West Germany each have been increaed tenfold to 100 kilowatts. The stations, which have a $1.5 million electric bill annually, and 45 transmitters in Spain, Portugal and West Germany, would like to raise 11 more transmitters to 250 kilowatts. RFE says Romania and Hungary are the only countries that do not jam its signal. Jamming in Poland is erratic and may come from the Soviet Union, RFE officials say. But in the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and Bulgaria, loud, rapidly alternating tones drown out any program that might be received in larger cities, and listeners in the country are more circumspect than in Poland. Even Polish officials say openly that they listen from time to time. The Soviet bloc refuses to give visas to RFE-RL reporters so the stations rely on Western wire services and reports taken from East and West European newspapers and broadcasters for their newscasts. Some listeners telephone or write people in the West, who relay the information to the stations. Labor Day Weekend Special, Fresh Bar-B-Q chickens, $2.50 ea. Gallon of fresh burgoo, $5 gal. South Side Bar-B-Q, 926-9171. wagner-shuck realty co. REALTOR Mm USTMQ ma MLM 380S south cjriffith avenue THE FULL SERVICE REALTORS TRADE-IN PLAN AVAILABLE ON NEW AND PRE-OWNED HOMES 3525 BAYBROOK A mat, tidy 3 -bedroom horn for $19,950, featuring wolt-to-wotl carpet in living room and hall, ceramic til both, and new cabinet! and floor covering in kitchen. 3827 BOWLDS COURT Four bedroomi, 2 baths, living room, dining room, family room, convenient kitchen. Situated on large lot. $57,-500. SACRIFICE SALE Restaurant for sole in preferred location doing good profit business. Tremendous amount of equipment. Owner retiring. 4013 S. GRIFFITH AVE. 3 years old and just like new. A luxury 3-bedroom brick home, 2 baths, family room with fireplace, entry foyer, living room, large eat -in kitchen. $55,000. FOR LEASE Commercial Building approximately 1,400 sq. ft. on Frederica St. HOMES IN TOWN & COUNTRY If you are in the market for a new home, we invite you to see our beautiful colonials that are constructed in a superior manner. Exquisitely decorated, luxuriously carpeted, there are paneled family rooms with beamed ceilings, old fashioned fireplaces, kitchens equipped with automatic appliances, dining rooms with attractive wallpaper, all quality materials and the finest workmanship. Call us for an appointment to see these fine homes . . . See also new homes on Thresher St. now under construction. Coming Soon Town t Country South -NIGHT PHONES- frank WAGNER, 684-9301 EILEEN SHUCK, 684-1420 EVELYN HARRIS, 683-6881 HELEN WAGNER, 684-9301 MARY THOMAS, 683-8722 BETTY EDWARDS, 926-3894 MLS REALTOR 2309 FREDERICA LASWIEEiL (Swap CALL 9264909 ANYTIME . Ifec? 'r'.- "ik h.-,,- .--4. ' ...... ... I .j We Bring Peopl. taj TOWN A COUNTRY 4037 CHAPEL LANE Available now, a beautiful 2-story home in immaculate condition. Four bedrooms, 2Vs baths, family room with wood-burning fireplace, formal living room and dining room, built-in kitchen with separate eating area. Other extras include 2 -car garage with automatic door opener, intercom, patio with grill, and a corner lot. Call today for an appointment. COUNTRY LIVING ON FAYETTE DRIVE with attractive separate family room. This 3-bedroom home has extras in every room. The comfortable family atmosphere makes you feel at home, and the price is reasonable. $29,900. 1 SUPER FAMILY ROOM and. three large bedroomi will please trie home-buyer in this new offering at 4119 Hawthorne Drive. There Is an entry hall, carpeted living room and large kitchen for the active family. The price of $33,500 ii reasonable in our competitive house market. Call for an appointment to see and compare. 1401 WASHINGTON AVE. One of the neatest homes you have ever been in. Carpeting throughout and fresh wallpaper. Perfect for a young couple just storting on home ownership, or an older retired couple. Don't miss out on the chance to see and . purchase this one. $12,900. RARE FIND Here's the bod many of you have been waiting fori 4.69 acres of beautiful rolling land with just enough trees to make it the perfect building site. Call our office today for an appointment to see this lovely acreage. 1008 BRECKENRIDGE This 2-bedroom home Is very livable for a family who can only afford a small investment for a house. The area may be zoned for business in the near tuiur. There is a possibility of purchasing under contract. $8,000. BETTER THAN NEW Three-bedroom brick home at 4840 Sturbridge offers gracious living in a quiet county subdivision. This home is carpeted, has new furnace and central air, and a private backyard with 5-ft. chain link fence. Lots of pretty trees on this property. Call us today to see this lovely ranch home. Only $31,900. 660 GREENBRIAR NEW LISTING A nice 3-bedroom home in a quiet neighborhood. Now that school has begun, take time to see this home. Detached garage and other extras. Only $19,500. BESIDE A QUIET ROAD sits this lovely home with spacious rooms. Let us show you the large living room, the attractive family room, a dining room-kitchen combination with lots of built-in cabinets and range top and oven, and two bedrooms and bath. Brown's Valley-Red Hill Road. $34,900. TOM AND BOB LASWELL SALES COUNSELORS' HOME PHONES Barbara Stoops 684-5165 Carroll Hayden 926-1568 Robert Gardner, O.R.I. 683-1329 VidaGary 663-3333 Bill Gory 683-3333 Margaret Newsom 926-8986 DickLagsdon 684-6870 Ruth Lord 926-1004 Hal Dobbs 684-3833 Uela(Ue) Hayden 926-1271 Joanne Heflln 261-5851 Parti Wood 683-9260 June Anderson . 926-3797 MabethHelmer. 926-2845 Nancy Kelley 926-9728 ti i i - - - . -TJW,'Jmm- wm mi mm in n TREMENDOUS REDUCTION on 609 Daviess Street, now only $31,900. Tremendous square footage and ready to live in or rent out. Beautiful inside, with 2 full baths, separate family room or could be used as a huge bedroom with a private entrance and both. One could never feel cramped, as all rooms are spacious. Gas heat and central air, basement, front porch and garage. Many possibilities. Call now. SERVING SINCE 1906 REALTOR' REALTORS j 1 J. HENRY O'BRYAN, BROKER I i WANT TO BUY? BUT NEED TO SELL YOUR PRESENT HOME FIRST? NO PROBLEM ASK ABOUT OUT GUARANTEED SALES PLAN!!! IT WORKS NO OBLIGATION f " " fin .1 .-- .- ." AUDUBON ACRES Like new 3 bedroom brick featuring a kitchen with built-in stove and dishwasher, dining room-family room combination. I Vi baths, fully carpeted and central air, plus garage. See all this by calling for an appelntment. $37,500 and we'll trade for yours. 100 ACRE FARM Beautiful secondary bottom row crop land, bordering Davleet Co. In Hancock. True corn and bean land. Over 80 acres currently in soybeans, Burley tobacco base 3120 Over 2000' road frontage on old U.S. 60 B. Call for a showing. 2234 PONDER PLACE A good Thorobred Acres address on one of tho largest corner lots in the area with an overtiied two car attached garage. This spacious two story homo has an entry hall, living room, formal dining room, separate family room, family sized kitchen, four generous bedrooms, 2 baths; central air. privacy fenced yard, carpeting, and recently decorated. It's nice. $57,500. We'll trade for yours. PHONE: J. Henry O'Bryan 684-7104 Earnell Williams 685-2175 Herb Bertke GRI 683-0659 Tony Rhode 684-1034 Mike Martin 684-5853 Oreg Alvey 683-4876 LeGrand Hill 926-1232 Lockery Heflln 1-295-3348 703 DEVONSHIRE A roman brick beauty with mere than 2,400 sq. ft. of delightful living area. This pretty home by all chopping and conveniencea has an entry hall, living room, formal dining room, 4 generous bedrooms, 2 full bathe, utility room, and separate family room. It hat a wood burning fireplace, carpeting throughout and custom drapes. You'll find all of your heart's desires in this large and very livable heme. Oh, yes, central air, plus IVi car attached garage. All far $61,750.00 We'll trade far yours. YOUR PERSONAL TOUCH Is needed to re -decorate this two story brick home, then you will have a very nice 4 bedroom home with separate dining room, living room with fireplace, 1 V& baths, enclosed backaorch, and full basement. Included outside Is a 2 car carport, garage and an oxtra lot with garden space. Located at 1411 Center Street, alt for only $31,500. Call Herb Bertke for an appointment. LINCOLN HILLS RANCHETTES Highway 231 utt 4Vs miles beyond the Owens boro bridge In Spencer County, Ind. 1 Acre lots. Excellent restrictions for the dlscrinlnatlng builder of luiury homes. Bridal paths. Wooded, rolling. Riding stable. Low, law raxes. V - n-ivririnhirtiri een.iii.nii.iist WANT TO BE OUT? If you would like a brick veneer, 3 BR home, neat as a pin, just 6 miles from .town, don't fall to see this one. Priced to sell at $22,500. 5409 Gerald Drive. 113 SYCAMORE Investment opportunity. S large rooms and bath an nice lot in an area that It becoming more and more Important. Just $7,500. 684-6223 Herbert E. Mosi 683-3807 Bob Durham 926-2048 Lou Jones 926-1626 Charles Pickrell 684-8343 Martha Pickrell 684-8343 Dorothy Arvln 684-6191 Joe Arvln 684-6191 Bruce Midkiff 683-2804 tirt aliejwj 100S E. IfTH STREET Neat 4 IR. home with eat-In kitchen, living room and bath, all wrapped In aluminum siding. Also Included IVi car garage and fenced back yard. Call now far a shewing. Only $26,000 and will trade for yours. MEMBER Fa wmmm HWY. 60 WEST A beautiful brick ranch home with almost 1,500 sq. ft. of living sarea. Large living room, 3 generous bedrooms, pretty tile bath, separate utility, big separate family roam, carpeted through out, AC unit, car and a half garage with workshop and a car and a half carport attached, chain link fenced yard. Yeu'll find the is a pretty well kept real family home for ust $34,500. We'll trade for yours. WEST END We are building I new hemes Ink Garden Oreen, S bedrooms, living room and kit-dlnlng room with built-in stove. WW carpeting In living room and hall. You can buy them with $1,000 down and owners will arrange your financing. You may buy with 10 down or down. $24,000. BUILDING ACREAGE 10.2 acres just off Highway 144 near Ensor. Beautiful rolling land with shade. $16,500. NORMANDY HEIGHTS The most desirable new and exciting residential development In Daviess County, Kentucky. Homes $61,000. Call any of our sales counselors for plans and data.

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