LAST EDITION The Best Advertising Mediuri in the Yough Region. omit FOUR CENTS VOL. 41, NO. 184. The W.._ The Dally '*!?"Â£ Comtar. Founded July 17. 1879. ally Courier, Fo--'J *" "-- "- -Founded November 10. 1901. Merged July IB. 1Â»9. CONNEbLSVILLB, PA., TUESDAY E /ENING, JUNE 15, 1943. TEN PAGES. 77 PERRY DISTRICT SELECTEES PASS TESTS Seventy-seven selectees ot Fay- ettÂ« County Local Draft Board No. 3, with headquarters at Porryopolis, passed their final physical examinations at the Joint Army and Navy Induction Station at Greensburg Monday. One declined a furlough and went direct to a roception center. Of the group, 53 went into the Army, two of them being Aviation Cadets, and U4 went into the Naval Services. There were also two Aviation Cadets from Mones- Â«en. O} the contingent, 76 returned home for two-week furloughs to wind up their affairs at home before beginning their military careers. _ A large contingent of selectees oÂ£ Fayette Board No. 1 in Connellsville went to Greensburg this morning lor final tests and Board No. B of Brownsville has groups to leave Wednesday and Thursday while other county boards also made preparations to send men to thÂ« examining base. Those inducted into the Army Continued on Page Eight. Defer Drafting Of Married Men With Children WASHINGTON, June 15.--The scheduled general drafting of married men with children today was postponed until October 1 at the earliest and high manpower officials disclosed that less than one In six fathers will be called to the colors. The War Manpower Commission's move toward stepping up induction of married men without children, officials said, will result in a two months' delay in the call of fathers from the original date ot August 1. In an effort to stave off the drafting of fathers until the last possible moment, the WMC zet * six months limit on tha occupational deferment of men between 18 and 25 without children. Employers for the first time were told to schedule the release of fathers for military service starting October 1, but officials ^aid that the instruction does not necessarily mean that is the exact date for lifting the ban on the general induction of men with children. Some officials *aid that unless a man with children classed as dependents is dratted before January he may never be called into the service. Manpower Chief McNutt in testimony before Congress dis- rlosed that the nrmed forces by the end of this month will have 9,200,000 of the 10,900,000 men they plan to have by" the end of this years and that alter next December inductions riay be reduced about 60 per cent. Two Men Treated At Hospital For Minor Injuries John Moyles, 55, of 212 Snyder street, was admitted to Connellsville State Hospital Monday night for treatment of a laceration of the Â«ar after he had fallen down n flight of concrete steps at his home. Mike Jubak, 38, oÂ£ 518 North avenue, fell from a truck while at work, causing an injury to his left shoulder. He was admitted to thÂ« Hospital. The Weather Thundershowers this afternoon and tonight, warmer in the east portion tonight is the noon weather forecast for Western Pennsylva nia. Temperature Record. 1943 1943 Maximum 90 89 Minimum - . 70 55 Mean 80 72 PVT. D. L. FIRESTONE Mr. and Mrs. David L Firestone of Connellsville, R. D. 1, are the parents of the two boy*, who are serving in, the armed forces. They have received word that their son, Sergeant Elmer D. Fire-done, has arrived safely somewheie in England. The sergeant is an aerial engineer, serving on a Flying Fortress. He was inducted into the service on March 21, 1942. His brother, Private David L. Firestone, Jr., is stationed at Camp Shelby, Miss., with the 155th Infantry Regiment. He was inducted into the Armj on November 10, 1942. Prio- to his induction, the private vras employed by the closure division of Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation. E X P E C T J A P ATTACK UPON RUSSIA SOON By KINGSBUHY SMITH I. N. S. Staff Correspondent. WASHINGTON, June 15--With an "extraordinary" session of the Japanese diet reportedly under way, zero hour for a possible Nippon attack against Russia today is believed to be approaching. If Japan a going to at ack the Soviet Union during the course of this war, diplomatic observers in Washington believe the campaign may be launched within the next few weeks to coincide with a German offensive hi the west. The reported meeting of the Japanese Diet for a three-day "extiaordinary" session starting Juno 15 has official and diplomatic Washington closely watching the Far Eastern situation. Special short sessions of the Diet are seldom held unless the Tokyo government has reached important decisions to which it is desired to give the appearance of national unity. It is recalled that a special session of the Diet was held on November 15, 1941, three weeks 3efore Japan struck at Pearl Harbor. The Japanese military leaders are believed to have decided on war with the United States at the time that meeting was held. While the possibility of a Japanese move against Rus,ia has doomed every year since Germany invaded the Soviet Union, diplomatic obseivers aio inclined to believe the danger is greater this year than ever be- Continued on Page TV, o. Dunbar Board Sets Millage, Sckooi Budget Is Adopted The Dunbar Township Board of School Directors has adopted its budget for the school year of 1943-44 and fixed its rate of taxation. The levy of 32 mills on property was continued for another year and no change was made in the SI per canita tax. The budget aggregates $257,022 and is divded as follows: General control, $12,625. Instructional service, $145,622. Auxiliary agencies and coordinated activities, $12,500. Operation of_plant, $18,850. Maintenance of plant, $3,500. Fixed charges, $8,275. Debt service, $46,000. Capital outlay, $11,650. The estimated receipts include: Property tax, $129,205.02. Per capita tax, $4,300. Deliquent tax, $18,050. Tuition, $15,000. Other sources, $19,326.92. State appropriation, $54,239.16. Special State grant, $16,900. The district s planning to purchase a new bus to replace one of its fleet at a cost of $3,000 while installation of floodlights will approximate 51,200, this to be at the athletic plant at Trotter. Teachers salaries will be increased a total oÂ£ $16,000 next year in compliance with the legislation enacted by the State Legislature at its recent session. Will Accept More Pupils for Free War Classes Wednesday The new war training classes, conducted in Connellsville by Pennsylvania _State College, started Monday evening in the High School building. Classes in engineering and drafting for beginners and advanced students a n d ' i n chemical laboratory technique were held. These classes will meet each Wednesday and Monday evening from 7 to 10:30 o'clock until 'the completion pi the, course. Wednesday evening a class in qualifying mathematics for engineering will have its first session. This class will meet regularly Monday evening only, from 7 to 10:30 o'clock, after this week. Permission has been received from the college authorities to accept new students in all three of these classes Wednesday evening. No new registrations will be accepted after that. Persons interested in enrolling may get in touch with David C. Guhl, administrative head of the Connellsville Center, by calling 1191-R 01 by reporting directly to the High School at 7 o'clock Wednesday evening. Blackout Violator. Dr. Joseph D'Alessio, a member of Monessen City Council, fined 15 for a blackout violation by Mayor Joseph Lescanac, declared le would resign as a civilian defense volunteer. Soldier Leaps From Moving B. 0, Train, Sought by Officers Military, State and county police are searching for Private Emerson Campbell who leaped from a Baltimore Ohio Railroad train Monday while' being returned to Camp Pickett, Va. The soldier had been A. W. O. L. and was being taken back to his Army base under a military police escort. Despite the fact that the train was traveling at a fair speed, he jumped off at a point east of Greene Junction. The military officer with him notified authorities from the Rockwood station and a search was started. Miner Injured. UNIONTOWN, June 15.--Sherman Goney, 35, New Salem, was taken to the hospital this morning for treatment ol injuries to his chest and shoulder suffered when crushed between a motor and a timber at the Isabella mine. Soldier on Trial. ' UNIONTOWN, June 15.--Thirty-eight jurors were drawn in Courtroom No. 3 this morning in the case of Private Charles R. McKay of the Army who is charged with attacking James Burkett, 11, of Uniontown. More of Germany's War Industries Wrecked by Bombing on Oberhausen Congress Delays Tax Bill Until Aft H Recess CAPT. 'J. I. MURPHY SCOTTDALE, June 15.--Captain John I. Murphy, II, has re- WAI.HINGTON, June 15--Congressional tax leaders today planne I to inform Secretary of the Tisasury Morgenthau that Congress is reluctant to begin, work i n the proposed $18,000,000,000 tax bill until after the turned home on a furlough after a ' summe Â· recess, year's duty in the Pacific theatre Desp tc the pressure of the of war and is now visiting his par- , Admin Oration to raise the nuge ents, Mr. and Mrs. Claude B. mm in taxes or compulsory sav- Murphy of Loucks avenue. jngs jn the fiscal year beginning Captain Murphy, who enlisted 'July 1 the canvass of congres- a cadet in 1940, has received an j jonal sentiment made by tax air medal, three unit citations and headers indicated no likelihood of been recommended for a silver] ] e gislal on before fall. Sena or Walter F. George, D., Ga., cl airman of the Senate Finance Committee, and Chairman star citation Captain Murphy's time was spent in the Solomons and New Guinea, where he and his jlayed a heroic part in the many Dattles in which they were ;aged. Mrs. Murphy, who taught, science and English in the Scottdale High School after the holidays, completing the term, is alho at the Murphy home. Boys Who Wreck Gardens Promise to Protect Them Special to The Courier, UNIONTOWN, June 15.--Boy wio damaged Victory Gardens] are being rounded up by State Police and other officers and are Demg transformed into vigilantes to protect the gardens. Complaints have been received from Dearth, Searight, Filbert and other places in the county. Boys, who are from 13 to 16 yeais of age, have been released on their promise that they will crva as xrotectors of the garden plots. Validity of Blank Check Will Action Is Uneslablisbed u n i t Robert Doughton, D., N. C., of the House Ways and Means committee planned an rarly conference w th Morgenthau. The conference will be limited to discussing legislative plans and not the typvof tax bill to be proposed. "I an ready to start work any tin e but I would not thirL that m mbers would favor working on a bill until the countrj has coo ed off from the bill we have ju t passed," said Dough- Ion. "I do I't want the people to ink th it we are crazy. It not seer, possible that taxation could bÂ« made retroactive for this year." Georg likewise e x p r e s s e d doubt tl at legislation could be frarned n the near future because 01 the planned summer recess. With , ames F. Byrnes, director of war Tiobilization, and Economic S abilization Director Fred M. Vinst n stepping into the tax picture, however, H appeared probable t h a t Administration pressure for early action will continue. In the War Today By International News Service. UNITED NATIONS HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA, June 15.--Direct bomb hits which set afire a 4,000-ton Japanese freighter and the destruction or damaging oi 11 enemy barges, in forays by Allied planes on Nipponese shipping off New Guinea, was announced today by General Douglas MacArthur's headquarters. NEW YORK, June 15.--Two of the mam islands in the Japanese archipelago were rocked Sunday by earth tremors, a broadcast dispatch by the Japanese Domei news agency said today. The announcement by the Tokyo radio, reported to the Office of W a r information, claimed that no damages were reported as a result of the shocks on Honshu, where Tayko itself is located, and on Hokkaido to the north. By International News Service. PITTSBURGH, June 15.--The validity of the 43-word blank check will of Mrs. Gertrude K. Lare, wliich assigned her $80,000 estate to her husband, Marcellus 5. Lare, Jr., and which her rola- ives are contesting as a forgery, remained unestablished today. Because of pressure of other cases Judge James Milholland in Orphans Court has postponed the ..are case until June 21. The unusual will, in which the iell-styled "Your Honey Childer" eft her estate to her husband, 12 fears her junior, is being contested by a sister, Katherine M. Sayre of Beaver Fall;,, and two brothers, Paul Maratta of New Brighon and Carl Maratla of Beaver 'alls. It was typed on a blank chock nd signed in ank with a signature .vhich two bank employes have estiSed they believed that of Mrs. iare. In addition the counsel Eor Mr. ,are, a bank examiner, presented estimony of a physician, Dr. H. W. Pracht of Bellefield Dwell- ngs, who described Mrs. Lare's neurotic" physical condition lie- ore her marriage. He said he had introduced the ormer Mrs. George Kirkpatrick, vidow of a wealthy Connellsville oal operator, and Mr. Lare, and lad recommended their marriage. Davies Commissioned. Marcus Davies, supeivistng jrmcipal of the East Bethlehem Township Schools in Washington ounty, has been commissioned leutenant in the Naval Reserve and will leave June 27 for Fort ichuyler, N. Y. He was coach until 1930 and then high school principal. He had served as a ootball and basketball official in ecent years. To Sell School, MOUNT PLEASANT, June 15. --The "Mount Pleasant Township 'Chool Board will accept bids un- il July 5 for the sale oi the .bandoned school building and grounds at Calumet. Volunteer Workers Needed for Tin Can Collection Here Tomorrow Afternoon Voluntfur workeis are needed to assist in tomorrow afternoon's tin can collection, the Connellsville OCO Salvage Division announced today. Both buys and men can be used !n working on the f.eet ol trucks which wttf cover e\ cry part of thÂ» city, s t a r t i n g at -I o'clock The volfnte*"'? nre a^kpd 'o report at i City Hail at 4 o'clcci, 'vhers the j trucks w i l l also appejr, to begin the coverage. The tm cuns will be loaued at the yard back of the Pennsylvania Railroad station and it is hoped to collect enough ct,nt, to fill a gondola. All households and business places are requested to ha\ e the tin cans, properly prepared in a container on the sidewalk t etore the collecUOB. hour so thai there will be no delay in making a thorough coverage. The cans should ue washed and all papers removed before both ends aie cut out The sections should then be inserted into the tube and the can then pressed together by stepping on it. The can must not be hammered together. Outlying districts have been invited tn haul tin cans for loading into the freight cars here Defense councils Jroni the .sui rounding community should have their trucks .stup at the city scales in order that the cai'go of cans may be weighed before being emptied into the car for shipping to a de- tinning plant. In this manner, the council will be assured of full credit when settlement is made lor the cargo. The stales will be kept open El om 4 to fi o'clock to ac- commudale the o u t l y i n g groups. Council Adopts Stale Plan to Pay delinquent Taxes Council at its meeting Monday night, ap roved a program for payment Under delinquent taxes. the plan that was adopted l.y the State Legislature at its reci nt session, delinquent taxes ma be paid under a five- year plan The me isure, known as Act No. 1500, proi ides that pll delinquent taxes, inc udmg the year 1942 on any p.irct I or parcels of real estate, ma y be paid in five equal annual in 1 tallmem.s if paid under a fixed pr .gram. A simil ir resolution has been adopted -b / the Board of School Directors md the Payette county :ornmissioi ers. The act is not in effect in any axing con munity until approved by that ta dng agency. By International News Service WITH AMERICAN A R M Y FORCES IN CHINIA, June 15.-A warning that, although the road to victory over Japan will be long and hard, American plans "to see this thing through" was sounded today by Lieutenant General Joseph Stilweil, commander ol American forces in this theatre. The blunt-spoken ijeneral, who marched on foot with his inen out of Burma in the early days of the war, labeled the Nipponese wat lords and any others who sought trouble with the United States as plain "damn fools." But, he added, eventual triumph will come about only after a long, hard struggle. "We have a hell of a hard job ahead," he said. "We've got a determined, savage enemy--and there's plenty of him. It will take a lot of hard fighting to get there 3ut there is no lack of determination." 8,80.. on Relief Rolls. Fayette county had 8,808 persons depei dent on public assistance -lurin ; the week ending June 5, tin Stat; Department of Public Assis ance announced in Harrisburg. Hono Roll Dedication. Horkwoo 1's Rotary Club has tentatively set July 4 as the date lor the de lication and unveiling of its comriunity honor roll. Knlist in Navy. Charles (iarufi oj Delmont, and George Smith of New Stanton have enlist 'd in the Navy. EUGIB! L1TY OF TOUR RAT [ON BOOK STAMPS Here an the periods during which slan ps in Ration Book 2 may be used: BIUE STAMPS (Canned Processed Foods). K, L and M--Now through July 7. RI;D STAMPS J, K, L and M--Now.through June 30. N--Next Sunday through June 30. RATION BOOK 1 Stamps in Ration Book 1 expire on the folio ving dates: Shoes--Ni. 17 (one pair) lo- night. midni r ht. Stamp IB, gcod for one pai Â· beginning Wednesday, will r main valid through October 31. Ccflee--N '. 24 (one p u u n d ) , June 30. Sugar--Nc August 15. Canning s igal--Nos. 15 and 16 (five pound each), October 31 G IS BOOKS ^Â·Â·t 5 A s three gallons each)-J u l j 21 ID I lUsburjh zone. 13 (five pounds), LONDON, June 15.--The only British casualty suffered during the landing on the Italian Mediterranean island of Pantelleria was a soldier who was bitten by an unruly donkey, a dispatch from Keith Hooper, Australian newsman, said today. ALGIERS, June 15.--A climax in the deadlock between Generals De Gaulle and Henri Honoree Giraud over reorganization of United French fighting forces was expected today as the two generals were to confer at a luncheon arranged by other members of the French committee of national liberation. STILWELL EXPECTS VICTORY OVER JAPS AFTER HARD FIGHT By International News Service. SLill more of Germany's war industries lay in ruins today in the wake of a heavy assault during the night on Oberhausen, important coal and steel center, and other objectives in the congested, war- Â·ravaged industrial Ruhr district. Swarms of massive British warplanes, which also mined enemy waters, had hardly returned from the new attack on the Reich when American Flying. Fortresses in large formations roared across the channel for daylight attacks on Axis Europe. The forts were escorted by fighter planes. Although low clouds over the Ruhr obscured target areas, the air ministry said large fires were reported by returning bomber crews. The Berlin radio said great destruction was wrought, particularly at Oberhausen, but claimed most of the damage was done to residences. Berlin claimed 20 of the British bombers were shot down and the air ministry said 18 failed to return. During the British night assault on the Reich, RAF Typhons, Mustangs, Whirlwinds, Mosquitos and Beaufighters carried out intruder operations .over a wide area in France and the low countries, blasting trains and barges as they cleared a path for the bomber forces bound for the Ruhr. Two enemy aircraft were shot down during the intruder opeations. Just befoe the Flying Fortresses set out early today lor the new daylight attacks on the continent, British Spitfires made sweeps over Western Europe during which they shot down three Focke-Wulf 109 Nazi dive-bombers and damaged several others in a furious dogfight near Fecamp in France. In the Mediterranean theatre, Allied headquarters in North Africa disclosed that British Wellington bombers assaulted Sicily again Sunday night, particularly the ferry terminal at Messina, opposite the "toe" of the Italian boot. Ferry facilities, railroad yards and harbor instalations were blasted and many fires ignited. A communique from the Middle East Command today said RAF fighter planes which swept over the Aegean Sea yesterday in attacks on enemy shipping . scored many hits on a schooner which was left blasting amidships. Thore was no confirmation from official Allied sources of a German rsport that Axis bombers attacked and damaged six Allied transports and a landing barge yesterday off Pantelleria, Italian Mediterranean island outpost which surrendered last week. Meanwhile comprehensive anti-invasion practice maneuvers by Axis forces in Southern France were reported under way and new fortifications springing up along the Riviera. Moscow reported heavy losses inflicted on German forces attempting to regain strategic territory near Orel, where the Soviets hold a large salient pointing towads the west. The futile Nazi assaults were supported by tanks and planes. In the Pacific, Allied fliers continued their attacks on the Japanese north of Australia by scoring hits on a 4,000 ton enemy vessel and blasting barges off the north coast of New Guinea. Eleven of the barges were destroyed or damaged. Troopers Leave Charlevoi. State Motor Police will move from Charleroi to a new location in the colonial home of the late B. Frank Taylor at North Belle Vernon during July. Hospital Patients. Arsie Glenn of 812 West Crawford avenue and Mrs. Eleanor Eieffley of 116 Madison, avenue have been admitted to Connellsville State Hospital for treatment. Congress May Name Central Food Agency To End Experimenting By International Newt Service. WASHINGTON, J u n e 15 -Congressional leaders left a White House conference, with P r e s i d e n t Roosevelt today threatening 1.0 introduce legislation in Congress for creation of a central food agency to end "this durn experimenting" by the Government in handling, food rationing and prices. Representative Fulmer, D., of S. C., chairman of the powerful House Agriculture Committee, who attended the conference, indicated that Mr. Roosevelt received a suggestion that a "food czar" be appointed with distinct coolness. WLB Authority to Up Wages Challenged By International News Service, WASHINGTON, June 15.--The War Labor Board's authority to grant wage increases in the face of President Roosevelt's "hold- the-line" order was challenged for the first time today in injunction proceedings filed in Federal district court in Washington. In the suit, the Motor Freight Carrier, Inc., Boston, contended the Labor Board has no statutory authority and that the President's order stripped the board of its powers. Home From Hospital. James Lavin of Confluence and Mrs. Lloyd Enos of Rockwood have been discharged from Somerset Community Hospital. Sinking of Titanic Started Inventor on Road to Radar By WALTER KIERNAN I. N. S. Staff Writer. NEW 'YORK, June 15. -- Well there's that word "radar" again and still no mention of Professor Reginald Fessenden so let us this June day assign a small bit of credit to the one man who has been overlooked in connection with this war miracle. A number of learned 'treatises have been written about "radar" which is that marvelous plane- ship-submarine detector and not one of them has credited Fessenden even with an assist. They have mumbled about how radar" was born when somebody discovered that something happened when something else happened. And triej have traced its history back tu 1930 or 1925 or 1922. As a matter of tact the thinking i "radar"--Fessenden's thinking --goes back to the night of April 14, 1912. That was the night that the White Stai liner Titanic struck an ceberg in the North Atlantic and sank with a loss of 1,517 lives. There wouldn't seem to be much connection between the sinking of the Titanic in 1912 and the blasting of Nazi pl.mes out of the sky in 1943 but it's there--it's there. Professor Reginald Aubrey Fres- senden, phychjst and engineer, got to thinking about how such terrible tragedies as the Titanic disaster could be prevented. He set out to invent a device which would automatically detect and give warning of icebergs or any other object floating on or below the water. Now do you begin to catch on' He had already invented the wiieless telephone or radiophone (you'd say Marconi but you'd be wrong--Marconi is credited with the wireless telegiaph); he had contributed to the ladio' compass and he had numerous submarine safety devices (o his credit. _So anyway, Fessenden set out to" x up a :ay which would bounce off an object, return to the place ol itt origin and warn of danger. Out of his experiments came th.5 fathometst ot depth-sounder. His ray went down instead of out It would touch bottom in 'the ocean and bound up again and it was no longer necessary for 4 skipper to drop a weighted line over the side. Then he invented a radio direction finder. Other scientists and other brains added to the general store of knowledge and it is not surprising that by 1940 London wat saved from the blitz by a miracle device which . . . pointed at the sky ... detected the presence of oncoming planes. "Radar" wasn't Fessenden's exclusive invention. It isn't anybody's exclusive invention. It's J combination of the experiments and work and hopes and desires oÂ£ dozens of scientists here and abroad But Fessenden with his depth-souÂ«Â«ing ray and his radio direction finder . . . both of which are important to the principle of radar . . . certainly deserves a nod for bis work. He died ui 1932, not entirely unsung but about as unobtrusively a- fa* had lived.
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