16 THE SUN, BALTIMORE, SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 16, 1919. INC01IE TAXES POUR IN Collector Miles Sends To Bank $6,547,819.65 In Day. 40,000 LETTERS NOT OPENED Final Tabulations Will De Made Xext Week Total Expected" To - . . -, Reach ,925,000,000. When. 'Internal Revenue Collector Miles sent to bank at 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon the income tax returns that he was able to get together and count up to "that hour, there was just $6,547,S19.G5 in theJbundle. There were still literally thousands of -letters that had not been opened, and 90 per cent, of them contained .checks. Other thousands of returns could not be classified and cheeked up in time to get the money they represented into: the bank. . The one day's work was far bigger, in actual iTeturns, than those of the remainder of the week together. Up to yesterday there . had been collected for the week a total of $4,767,54S.14, which, together with what was deposited yesterday, makes the deposits for the week $11,315,367.79. But that sum does not represent ' the week's receipts by any means. ' - c- ' . There are the thousands of accounts that came in yesterday too late to be banked, the amounts turned in by others who called -at the Custom House last night, for the office was open until midnight to accommodate those who had put off making their returns until the last minute, and the thousands of letters that had not even been taken out of the mail sacks when the Collector, . his, deputies and clerks, utterly worn out arid on the verge of collapse, . stopped work early this morning, locked things up and put the place under heavy guard and went to their homes. - In the course of the day there were delivered at the offices of Collector Miles 24 sacks of mail, big sacks that contained at least 40,000 letters, and probably every one of these contained somebody's tax return. . It will be well into next week: before the final tabulation is made showing how much had been received up to last midnight." It is thought this will amount to about $25,000,000. m THREE INJURED IN CRASH Auto And Trolley Collide At Baltimore S tret And Broadway. ' - Three persons were injured in a collision between an automobile and a Madison avenue trolley car at Baltimore street and Broadway yesterday. Joseph Coburn, 3710 Foster avenue, was arrested, charged with driving the automobile while under the influence of liquor, with reckless driving and with not having an operator's license in his posses sion. lie was released in $500 bail for a hearing Monday. : - The injured persons, who were all passengers in Coburn 's car, are Charles Green, 227 North Poppleton street, who was taken to St. Joseph's Hospital suffering from cuts; Henry Kreuder, 931 Bennett Place, taken to a physician's office for treatment, cuts on the face and nose, and Isaac Glick, 605 "Water street, cut on the face and nose. The automobile was badly damaged, but the trolley car showed little damage. The car was in charge of Charles Grim, motorman, and ' William Gettier, conductor. . -" - . - - ' SLEEPING SICKNESS MILD Local Cases Not Thought To Be ' The Fatal European Malady. Then has been a lot of "sleeping sickness" in Baltimore during the last several months, according to reports made to Health Commissioner John D.' Blake yesterday by local physicians. But it : appears to have been mild in character and probably not the "lethargic encephalitis", of Europe. Dr.. Blake said last night that, a number of doctors had advised him; during the. day of strange cases of "sleepiness" that had come to their attention. ."They , spoke rather reminiscently," Dr. Blake sta ted j "after their attention had been called, to the appearance, of the 'sleeping sickness' in Europe, New York and elsewhere. I am of the opinion that what we had in Baltimore was an encephalic form of influenza,-judging by what the doctors tell me in relating their experiences." Dr. Blake said that, so .far as he was able to find out, from investigations made so far, there has not been a genuine case of the new disease, in any of the local hospitals, although, as was stated in The Sun yesterday, at least one case, and possibly another,' has come to the attention of physicians in private practice. It is not regarded as a "reportable disease," like typhoid fever, influenza, infantile paralysis and others of a highly infectious nature, and that may explain the absence of official records of patients or suspected patients. Officials of the Health Department are intensely interested in the disease and the reports of cases elsewhere and keep on the lookout for developments. Statements to the effect that "sleeping sickness" followed the influenza as an aftermath are discredited by Dr. C. Hampson Jones, chief of the State Bureau of Communicable Diseases. "Of course, it has followed the flu," he said, "but just as 1920 will follow 1919." Dr. Jones could see no connection between the "flu7' and "sleeping sickness." Physicians admit however, that the know little or- nothing of the new disease, "if it really is a new disease," as one of them put it. ; Few seem to think that it is related in any way to the "slpeniii?- sickness" of Africa, although the symp toms are sam to De similar. The United States Public Health Service has asked port .and health officers throughout the country to be on . the lookout for the . disease, A . bulletin to this effect has reacnea the state Lopartment of Health and local quarantine officials. LEAGUE OF NATIONS TOPIC ; Judge Hose And Drl john IT. Latane Speak At Alumni Dinner. . ! Discussion of the constitution of the proposed league" of nations, from the standpoints of the historian and of the jurist, was heard, at the annual dinner given last night at the University Club by the Haverford College Alumni Association' of aMryland. . . The speakers were Dr. John H. Iatane and Judge John C. Rose. An address also was made by Prof. Wm. Wister Comfort, the new president of Haverford who gave an account of what the college had done . in war work and stated that 300 students and graduates enlisted, that the college had furnished one colonel, 10 majors,' 20 captains and a number of naval officers. . ' I Dr. , Latane said that heretofore dip-! lomats were not governed by morality ' but by expediency. He told of the in-i eidents which led up to the world war and said that now we must either go back to a balance of power proposition , or indorse the league of nations idea. The former, he said, was unthinkable. Judge Rose took a middle-of-the-road f attitude,1' saying in advance that he in-1 tended ' to discuss the issue from the standpoint of the judge adressing his jury.: He aamittea tnat it the league is not formed now it probably never will be formed. "- - ' -. . RULES FOR HANOVER DRAW War Department Issues Regulation .-'.' : For Vessels. - .times . ana regulations governing passage tnrougn tne draw or tne new Hanover street bridge have been issued bv the War Department. The.- rules provide that between the hours , of 5 o'clock in the morning and t) o'clock at night, when a vessel which cannot go under the bridge wants the draw oDened it shall so signify to the drawbridge operator by three blasts of a whistle. , If tne draw is then ready to the drawkeeper will answer with three blasts ; but, if - it is not ready to open, the drawkeeper will answer with -one blast. - If. between the hours of 9 P. M. and 5 A.-M. a vessel wishes to go through the draw,' notification must be given the drawkeeper, who can be reached by telephone at St. Paul 2000, branch 128, until 9 P. M., or at SLPaul 2000, branch 147, between 9 P. M. and 5 1 M. - i ... . - -- ' - ' - . . - - i STORK ALIGHTS ON STREET CAR Boy Is Born A Trolley Speeds To Hospital. On a well-filled Monument street car yesterday afternoon the male passengers were suddenly "shooed" to the rear of the car, while several of the older women gathered around Mrs. .Mary Stanton, 1001 Pennsylvania avenue, who was bound for Johns Hopkins Hospital. One of the women went to the front of the car and whispered to the motorman to make full speed for the hospital, then several -blocks away. The men wanttd to know what they could do, but the women formed a cordon around Mrs. Stanton, and told the men to stay back. The men stayed. , - As the car reached the hospital door a doctor of the Hopkins staff met it and the cordon of women around Mrs. Stanton was broken. When the doctor came into the car the men found out what had occurred. ' ?- - ' A fine and healthy baby boy had been born to Mrs. Stanton. It was reported at the hospital last night that both mother and child were in first-class condition. NAVAL TRANSPORT SINKS Yselhaven Strikes Mine Nine Of Crew Reported Lost Balti-moreans On Her. ' SeveralBaltimoreans were among the crew of the naval transport Yselhaven, which struck a mine and sank off the coast of England early Friday, nine of the crew being reported lost. The Yselhaven sailed from Baltimore February 18 for Copenhagen. A complete crew list was not available last night either in Baltimore or Washington. . .; However, E. G. jGummer,- of this ' cityj who was chief quartermaster on the United States shu Ameera, said that his brother, F. G. Gummer, 341 North Strieker street, was an oiler on the Yselhaven when - that ship started out for her last trip. Mr. Gummcr had not heard from his brother last night, and he was using all means to get some definite news. : Ridley A. Fry220S Chelsea Terrace, this city, was a seaman on the Yselhaven, but got his discharge just be-for that ship left Baltimore on February 18. In fact, he had been scheduled to make the trip on which the ship struck the mine. His relatives in other sections of the country knew this and, not knowing that he had been discharged, they were telegraphing the i ry home last night asking for news about Ridley. . The Baltimorean, however, was able to make cheerful replies to the inquiries himself. According to an Associated Press dispatch from London, the Yselhaven struck a mine at 1.35 last Friday morning. The exact place of the sinking was not mentioned in the report, butas 35 survivors, were landed at Hartlepool, on the east coast of England, it is believed that the mine was met with in the North Sea.' The official report issued in London stated that nine members of the crew were unaccounted for,. The Y'selhaven was built at Rotter-' dam in 1916 and was a steamer of 3,558 tons. She was one of 'the 'first of the neutral, steamers to-be taken over by the United States Shipping Board after America' entered the Wo rid war. ? , STEAL CAR FROM DRIVER E. L. Swann Locked In Garage-Detectives Are Mistaken -For Burglary. . After binding the hands and feet of Elmer L. Swann, 2235 West Baltimore street, chauffeur of an automobile which they had hired earlier in the evening -and locking him in a garage on Park Heights avenue near Seven Mile Lane, two well dressed men stole the limouisine and at an early hour this morning were still at large. Swann was bound and locked in the garage after an earlier attempt to hand cuff : him to a tree near O wings Mills failed because the handcuffs would not fit his wrists. ( Three detectives who were, working on the case were mistaken by neighbors for burglars . when they went .to the garage for information. Sergeant Noels of the Northern District went on . a "search" for them. ' ..... - v MAYOR SPEAKS TWICE Talks To Life Insnrance And Crown Cork -And' Seal Employes. Mayor Preston made two addresses yesterday. Shortly after 10 o'clock in the morning he talked to the employes of the Mutual Life Insurance Company of Baltimore, at 15 South street, and at noon he met the employes of the Guilford avenue plant of the Crown Cork and Seal Company. Health conditions, with special reference to sanitation and typhoid fever, was the subject of the Mayor's talk to the insurance men. He, spoke of the new milk ordinance, which has given the city a pure supply, and also of what he termed the "clean water that is now coming, into the city from the filtration plant." These agencies, he said, were largely responsible for the drop in typhoid fever. A B ALTIMOREpM ADE MUNITIONS REACHED U. S. FIGHTERS FIRST Cessation Of Manufacture Here Uncovers Great Record Of Achievements Local Plants Now Turn " To Peace-Time Activities. The cessation of the, manufacture of artillery ammunition within the next few weeks by the plants of the Bartlett Hay ward Company - in this city will bring to a close one of the greatest and most successful enterprises of its kind in the countryi. Next Friday or Saturday the last work of actual manufacture of munitions will be done at the Bartlett-Hayward plants. This will not mean, howeVer, that those employes still engaged in making munitions will be laid off then. In fact, it is probable that they will be kept busy for several - weeks - more. . For. after the manufacturing has ceased) there will remain a mass of work in connection with collecting supplies, tabulating" and sepa rating them, tearing down machinery, etc. But the last shell will have been turned out before the end of this week. From a force of less than 1,000 men engaged ' m the manufacture of sugar refining equipment, gas . en gines and gas reneratme annarjitnsL -stoves and general . foundrv. work t the original Scott and McHenrv streets plant the organization was increased to more tnan zu,0UU persons, operating five separate plants scattered throughout the city, making possible the completion of the first Americanmade artillery ammunition to reach our fighting forces in France and distinguishing the company as one of the few concerns in this country to manufacture complete rounds of artillery ammunition that is, fuses, bullets, shell and cartridge cases, all assembled at the big plant and ready to go into guns. . . When the armistice was signed, the plants were just beginning to operate at maximum output, 'which would havp meant, if continued, the completion of o,uw t.-mcn, ot 5,OUO 75-millimeter, and 10.000 15a-millimeter shi-annl daily, including the cartridge cases for I fha 7mlliiviAA. A ry 1 i 1 1 "-uiuumcicn auu ".-incn sneus. Fifteen carloads of ammunition left the plants daily, packed in boxes read v for immediate shipment overseas, and there was no less an incessant flow of raw products into the plants to insure the steady output of completed materials. Each day more than 250 tons of. stool billets were forged into 75-millimeter and 4.7-inch shrapnel cases at the main plant forge shop, which had a capacity of some 30,000 forgings dailv. while thP case plant used upward of 60,000 pounds oi urass uksl-8 uaiiy. xne materials consumed daily in the manufaotn phragms, heads, fuses and other smaller parts total scores : of " thou pounds, and the output of each - com ponent necessaruy nad to keep pace with MOTORIST DOWNS BANDIT Deputy Commissioner Rose Escapes . In Car From Highwayman. -f BAD DAY FOR PICKPOCKETS Nine Alleged "Dips" Caught In Police Net Other Robberies Reported. Yesterday was not a good day for men suspected of indulging in propensity for diving into other persons' pockets, nor was it f orx their bolder brothers Who use pistols to. induce people to give up their valuables., It was a decidedly bad day for nine men who showed a familiarity with the Bertillon system at Police Headquarters after their arrests, and it was a rotten day for a daring bandit who tried to hold up a deputy automobile commissioner. . ' , While Deputy Automobile Commissioner Henry L. Rose, 3904 Forest Park avenue, was driving his automobile on I Liberty Heights Boulevard at 7.30 o'clock last night a middle-aged man with a pistol suddenly jumped into the middled the road from a pile of nearby rocks and demanded Hose to throw up his hands. Rose, who had a large sum of money and valuable ' jewelry about his person at the time, threw up his hands promptly enough; but at the same moment thrust his foot down on the accelerator of .the machine, struck the bandit and knocked him sprawling to the side of the road. The commissioner said that when he looked back he saw, the man lying in the road, but, thinking that he might be shamming, he hastened to a drug store several blocks away and notified the police. ' , . . " ' - The hold-up occurred in a secluded spot on the road between Park School and Pennsylvania avenue. A squad of patrolmen was "sent to the scene, but after scouring the vicinity the man was not found. Rose said he evidently injured the highwayman, who might have crawled into the nearby underbrush and eluded the police.. Nine 'Alleged Pickpockets To Jail. Nine alleged pickpockets, one a former prisoner at Sing Sing, after being given a hearing before Justice Hawkins i at the Central Police Station yesterday, i were committed to jail in default of $1,000 bail each. The arrests were" made by Headquarters Detectives Kahler and Kratz and " Headquarters Sergeants Wankmiller and Murphy, v Six were arrested on Calvert street near Pleasant by SergeantsWankmiller and Murphy after shots were fired when two attempted to escape, , Two were identified as the men who stole $S40 from the pockets of Joseph J. Sweeney, 400 East Madison street, as ;he was leaving a Monument street car at Falls-wal and.Hillen street Friday night. Sweeney identified Joseph Romano and Thomas Maloney as the men who blocked his way when he attempted to leave the car. Sweeney also identified the money taken from Romano. Seven of the alleged pickpockets were charged with being common thieves and pickpockets and were held for a hearing March 22. - The men arrested by Murphy and Wankmiller gave their names as John McLoughlin, New York ; George Kelly, Philadelphia; George Russell. North Carolina ; Joseph Romano, Philadelphia ; Thomas Maloney, Philadelphia, and William Mayer, of New York. Mayer had a pair of forceps which, it is believed, were used in extracting wallets from hip-pockets. Several hundred dollars was found in the pockets of the accused. ' Kahler and Kratz were assigned to special work connected with picking pockets by Marshal Carter yesterday and two hours afterward they saw three of the suspects operating. The detectives recognized' one of the men as Charles Wilson, who was arrested here three years ago, and was returned to Sing Sing for violating his" parole. The other two men arrested by Kahler and Kratz a were Samuel Kane, of Philadelphia, and George Aylward, I of Suffolk, ..Mass. All nine were photographed and recorded in the Bertillon Bureau and all admitted having gone, through this before. A few minutes after the arrest of the men a lawyer from the office of Harry B. Wolf came into headquarters and demanded to see the . men. He did not see them because he did not know their names. Peanut Machine Stolen. . ; Besides the automobile holdup, a pickpocket case and a theft of a peanut-vending machine were reported to the police of the Northwestern district last night. In a saloon at Madison avenue and North an unidentified white man picked up a peanut vender from the bar and rushed out of the cafe. Although the place was crowded at the time, the man was not detected until he ran out of the door. John H. Guard, the proprietor, informed the - police of the theft. The machine is said to have contained more than $4 worth of pennies. Another victim of the street-car pickpockets was Paul Pierce, colored, 1415 McCulloh street. He declared that while getting on a Druid Hill avenue car late yesterday afternoon he was jostled by three negroes who were standing on the back platform. The men took his pocket-book containing $4 and several dollars worth of foregin money. the other that the stream of finished products might be maintained. First Shells To Reach Front. Freauentlv d urine the ar and since the armistice has been signed the ord nance chiefs in Washington - have writ ten the local plant, congratulating it on its work. Last May Col. Charles C. J amieson, assistant chief . of the Ordnance Division, wrote to Howard Bruce, president of the company: lhis is to extend my hearty congrat ulations to you and your organization as the first producers of this ammunition (75 mm. shrapnel) to have their product reach our .men on the other side." . ? - . . On January 8 last Mai-Gen. C C. Williams, chief of the Ordnance Divi sion, wrote to Mr. Bruce : It is gratifying to me to be able to compliment -jovl, ; your associates and the entire working organization of your company on such successful performance a he accomplishments tingle with color. All this was not accomplished by a steady stream of progression ; there were . necessarily -problems difficult - of solving, such as insuring the supply or raw materials, the building of the various units, the designing and con struction: of automatic machines, the training ofi boys, men and women in the manufacture of the many separate parts,' and necessarily the perfection ot an efficient organization' the success of which is a tribute to American ingenuity . and perseverance, and particularly- to those Baltimoreans who had a part in it. . . . - V , Practically all of these plants were operated on a three-shift basis throughout the 24 hours of the day. To facilitate production, it was necessary to divide all the buildings . into ..sections, where machines of the same: type were grouped, and . the shell parts - passed from one group to another until their completion. Thus the1 men on each group became practically expert in their work, and none performed more than one operation. To carry these parts from one operation to another every conceivable kind of device was brought into use. There were wheelbarrows, wooden and steel trucks of all kinds, spool gravity conveyors of steel and miles of 'endless belt systems, eacn chosen for its use. Each group of machinery was operated by a special electric motor and practically, all was belt driven. , ..Each section of a building had special millwrights and belt' men to keep machinery in running order, and on Sundays- and holidays repair gangs toiled ceaselessly, repairing and replacing equipment, that production might not cease. Scores of men were employed to carrj' away the waste: materials from the machines, and pressesand this was loaded -: (Continued on Page 11.) - Aw, They Won't "STRIKES NOTE OFTIHES" Rev. Dr.Birekhead So Characterizes The Federation Of Churches, i THE VISTA OF VAST PURPOSE Average Layman Has Little Patience With Historical Differences That Divide. In a striking interview yesterday the Rev. Dr. Hugh Birckhead, rector , of Emanuel Church, threw a clear light upon the real meaning and significance of the Federation of Churches Movement now under way in Baltimore and urges the presence at the meeting on Tuesday night at the Lyric of "all those Christians who are facing forward and not back." Dr. Birckhead said : Prejndice Foundation Broken. "One of .the inevitable results of the war has been a violent breaking up of the foundations of much of our national, social and religious prejudice. In the presence of the greatness of the cause and its demand for complete self-forgetfulness, small things have become small and great things great. The vista of vast purpose slowly gathering in to itself all our smaller and meaner ambitions has made many of our barriers contemptible, and men freed from the narrowness of their environment or bringing, up are looking about for a better way. The discovery of the war has been the marvelous results obtained from the combination of human brains and .human wills.- Only those who are holding themselves aloof from the compulsion of the present have escaped the longing for a greater sense of unity and understanding which is alone made possible by contact. "The Federation of Churches in Christ as one of the children of this age strikes the note of the times in demanding that the various Christian societies sprinkled throughout our communities should unite for action, while preserving for the present their identity in creedal-and ritual expression. The average, layman has little . patience with - the strill historical differences which divide ! the- .Protestant world into. 170 fragments, in the -United States: It seems to him very bad business, an infinite waste of money, energy and time, which does not commend itself to his practical mind. Drrvingf Christians Together. "It is this demand of the laity which is slowly becoming articulate, and in the long run must force the Christian ministry toward the brotherhood which is the essential '.mark of disci-pleship. Gradually the suspicions, doubts and jealousies of a false propaganda, which has too often been made a part of Protestant preaching, will be blown away by the strong wind of this greater spirit. We must' welcome the first definite step toward outward and practical unity when we stop to consider that in the average large city 60 per cent, of the population is unchurched and 40 per cent, unbaptized. . Our increasing responsibility toward those outside the walls must drive us together in a united effort toward union within. :4 The failure of our present system of : Congregationalism is more apparent every year. Every thoughtful minister who v places the spread of the Gospel before his denomination in his" life and prayers must welcome a plan which enables us to come together to know each other for the first time and to actually co-operate for the good of the community. "Of course there are those who will refuse to enter into any federation. They are their own judges in the presence of this essential Christian method. But I believe in time, when " the thought of unity becomes familiar to us all, that only the extremists will be left in the isolation they already occupy. j Looks To Church Unity. : "We hope to see in Baltimore during this coming week a manifestation of church unity, which wiir include 17 denominations and 125 individual churches. We summon to the meeting at the Lyric on Tuesday night all those Christians who are facing , forward and not backward, and who are seeking to hear the voice of God speaking in these great days as never before and bidding his children to, unite in their purpose to save the world. V Let us never forget the prayer of Christ, "That they all may be one," and let us see to it that we are doing everything possible in our own day and generation to bayethatprayeranswered." . MAYOR SEEKS VOTES OVERSEAS Extends Campaign For Renomina-tion To, Soldiers In Europe. Mayor Preston is seeking the vote of soldiers in Europe.; Yesterday he received a reply giving him news of help from the other side in his campaign for renomina-tion. It came from bis former assistant secretary, John A. Naugbton,' an army field clerk with the American Expeditionary Forces. In a letter to the Mayor Naughton inclosed a . request to Supervisors of Elections for a ballot. . Naughton wrote in reply to a letter, he had received from the Mayor and told the Mayor that his letter came over in quick time 19 days. "The mail situation has improved, he added, "and we are getting good service now. Am inclosing copy of letter written- Mr. Hubbert, chief clerk of the Supervisors; of Elections, asking for a ballot, and you can rest assured that I will do everything over here to the end you mention. I have come across a number of boys from Baltimore, and will, pass the word along to those I know are for you. I will also write some letters to my personal friends in the Twelfth ward. My brother has been- over here for the last six months . with the, Twenty-ninth Division, which is made up of troops from Maryland and New Jersey, and I have written him today to get busy with the boys from Baltimore in that division. "Mr. Mayor, I wish you the best of luck in your; coming campaign and have not the slightest doubt but that yon will come out on top." T ' 1 '- " I I , , , . . . ,. i , - , ,. ... .... , , -. , .. i , , I Hit You; Pull The Blinds Down! : : : -' r, ; ft'- i c " - DIED TO PROVE LOYALTY Henry N. Gunther Felt He Was Under A CloTid. PROBABLY LAST MAN KILLED Went Alone To Capture Machine Gun Nest In The Last Minute Of '-. War. v - . ' ; - -''v-'r-'' j""' ?" This account of how Henry N. : . : Gunther, 3011 Eastern avenue,, was i ; j; killed ; almost at the . Moment the " "cease firing order" was given, is ' x hy . Private James M. Cain, Headquarters Troop, Seventy-ninth Di- ', vision, in Franc'e, who was formerly : a reporter on The Sun. It corre-- sponds in all essentials with' the report brought to Gunther'' s parents ,, by Chaplain George F. Jonaitis, but gives some detail's that Father . Jonaitis probably did not know of. By Private James M: Cain. Souilly, France (By Mail ) , Feb. 22. The last man to be killed in action in the Seventy-ninth Division, .and perhaps in the whole American Army, was Henry N. Gunther, Company A. Three Hundred and Thirteenth Infantry. Gunther's home was in Baltimore, and he was killed at one minute of 11 . o'clock on November 11, trying to. take a German machine gun position. Until a short time before the Three Hundred and Thirteenth finished its period of training at Camplitte, Gunther was supply sergeant of his company. -A few days before the regiment left for the front .he wrote a letter home complaining of certajn .things about army life, and as this was a violation of the censorship "regulations, he was reduced to th grade of private. According- to his companions, Gunther brooded a great deal over his reduction in rank, Tand. became obsessed with a determination to ; make . good before his officers and fellow-soldiers. Particularly he was worried because he thought himself suspected of being a German sympathizer. ; The regiment went into action a few days after he was reduced, and from the start he displayed the most unusual willingness to expose himself , to all sorts of risks and to go on the most dangerous kind ' of duty. He acquitted himself splendidly in the Montfaucon fight, and on the drive 'east of the Meuse he was selected to act as a company runner particularly dangerous work, for a runner is the bearer of important messages, and must get them delivered, eVen if his way lies over the most exposed country. . Showed Scorn Of Danger. In the role of runner Gunther proved to be a man ' of the finest mettle. ; He repeatedly volunteered for dutv when communication had to-be established over terrain raked by machine guns and subject to heavy shelling. A few days before hostilities ceased he: was carrying a message,- when a German bullet passed through his wrist. He said nothing about his wound, however, when one of his officers, noticing his exhaustion, asked him what was the matter. Having already bound up his arm with a first-aid bandage, he replied that he was a little' tired, and thought he would take a rest. The next day he reported for duty and went on as usual. On November 11 he was still on duty as a runner. His company had been ordered to advance on Ville-Devant-Chaumont, in the extreme right of the Seventy-ninth's sector, and several parties were already in the town. Gunther, with one or two other runners and- an advanced party of riflemen from his company, was just on the outskirts. The order had already come that hostilities were to cease at 11 o'clock. "' Directly .ahead 'there was visible a German machine gun nest. ; Gunther, according to the men of Company A must still have; been fired by a desire to demonstrate, even at the last minute, that he was courageous and ail-American. At a few minutes to 11 he announced that he was going to take that machine gun nest, and though his companions remonstrated, j and told ; him that in a few minutes the "war would be over,',' he started out, armed with a Browning automatic rifle. Germans Waved Him Back. When the Germans saw him coming they waved at him and called - out,' in such broken English as they could, to go back, that the war was over. .He paid no heed to them, however, and kept on firing a shot or two from his automatic as he went. After several vain efforts to make him" turn. back, the Germans turned their machine gun on him, and at one minute of 11 o'clock Gunther fell dead. ' " . The guns stopped firing at 11 o'clock a few seconds after and. a few minutes after the German , machine gun crew that had killed him came out with a 6tretcher- and - placed Gunther on it. They then carried him back to the party from Company A he had left but a short time before. They explained that they had tried to keep him from coming on, and that they had to shoot him in self-defense. , They insisted on shaking hands with the Americans, after which they set Gunther down and returned to their own lines. -' -- . SENATOR FRANCE CHALLENGED Henry W. Williams Wonld Debate League Of Nations Flan. Senator Joseph Irwin France has been challenged to debate the league of nations proposition by Henry W. Williams, chairman of the executive committee of the Maryland branch of the League to Enforce Peace. Mr. Williams stated yesterday that he desired to give the people opportunity to form an intelligent opinion on the pro- posed league after hearing both sides, and declared that Mr. France, being one of the most pronounced opponents in this State of .the plan, should be well informed on the subject. - , Mr. Williams suggested - that either Judge Morris A. Soper or Brig.-Gen. J. M. Ti Finney be selected to preside and that the : debate be held in one of the theatres. r , , '- OLD WET SPOTS - -- .v ;vi "t Keepers Of Eastern Landmarks (" Look To New Fields. ONE : WILL START TEAHOUSE But - The Majority Are tlndecided As To Future . Pursuits Dry Edict Misunderstood. ' - - i That there is something . more than comedy in the edict of the 'Government forbidding the sale and manufacture of intoxicating liquors on and after July 1 becomes evident in the Eastern section of the city if one is seeking information as to what uses the proprietors intend making . of their properties after - that date. There is also discovered more or less ignorance of the law in reference to the exact date when the sale of liquors is to stop. S"6"me had it that the date July 1 only referred to the manufacture of intoxicants and that they would be allowed to dispose of their stocks' as long as they lasted thereafter, up to and in cluding December 31 of this year. The rider to the Agricultural bill set the date of July as the day on which not only the manufacture but the sale must cease. The 'manufacture had al ready ceased by order of the President as a.war .lneasure; This is stated merelv to correct the impression in the minds of sucn saloonkeepers as still believe they will Desaore. to sell after that date. Some Cannot "Understand Edict. - Old properties that have been neish borhoad landmarks, that have been the gathering places of the convivially in clined for a half century or more, will be put out of business July 1. " Manv sa loonkeepers have ,no definite plans for .the future. Some have grown up in the, business, which had -teen conducted by their fathers before . them. They know no other vocation. They have only the saloon man's viewpoint of the business and . cannot understand this thing which has suddenly cut them off trom tneir life s occupation. To them their business was as resDectable as anv other man's and there is hot resentment in their hearts at the fiat which not only takes away their sources of income but which deprives them of the associations and the atmosphere which have come to be part of their lives. ' - Others there were who had sensed the storm from afar and had made provision for the future. : They knew that a busi ness-which had been under fire so long and which had to fight time and time again for its very, existence was bound to go sooner or later. These have planned in a general way for what they felt was inevitable, but they are few. The saloon of .Tnrin A Sliola T- 724 North Gajr;street, which was a 'great stopping- piace- tor farmers and their families on the way to and from market in . the days when ' Gay street . was a country; road leading to Old Town, and which was originally, conducted as a grocery and family liquor store, will continue to keep open as long as the law will allow. Mr. Shaler said he had made application for a license again, but as to the future he was somewhat in doubt. "However, this is a good stand and I am not afraid of its being long idle as a business establishment," he said, v To - Start . Japanese Teahouse. Theodore Falkenhahn, proprietor of "Teddy's Cafe," 1246-48 East Madison street, another old stand, whose dialect plainly indicated that he is not of American birth, also said he had applied for a license and that in the event he is closed up he is ' going to start a Japanese tea house.1 This brought a laugh from some of his customers, but ' Falkenhahn replied - C"'.- .- - "Sure, why not? This is a good stand. Lots of -people pass here. I think a tea house would be shust the thing," and he was serious about it. , When the . Highlandtown and Canton section went dry and the five-mile radius from Camp Holabird was formed to keep temptation fronr the soldiers there, everything south 1 of the Harford road was included. The line ran so close to the Harford road section that for a time it was feared by the bibulous that the two saloons in Ijauraville would be included. However, they escaped by a few feet, and, the places of Howard Collins and John Munder were' allowed to continue in business. Now comes word, however, that after May 1 they will close up and LauraviUe residents will have to ?' Continued on Pagre 11. SPECIAL NOTICES. ' When yon specify Public Service Bond Paper for your printing matter you get one hundred cents worth of paper for every dollar you spend. B. F. Bond Paper Company. " We Advise You to Buy , miberty Bonds , and are prepared at all times to buy or sell small or large amounts of any issue. Direct Communication With i New York Market "Special department for the pur-; chase of $50 and $100 Bonds ; third and fourth part paid books. :MeraitiIe: Trast" & Calvert and Redwood Sts. PRODS PRESTON AGAIN Williams Addresses An Audience At City Club. DEPLORES SCHOOLS' CONDITION Takes Fling-At Administration For Attitude On Improvements And Rental For Soldiers' Hotel. ' - George . Weems Williams was before a sympathetic audience at noon yesterday when he spoke at. the "Long Table Luncheon in the City Club, and his criticism of '.the Preston administration brought out a great deal ' of applause. He ; referred again to .the Bernstorff-Koenig dinner and . the ; entertainment of the crew of the Deutschland, and contrasted -it with the insistence on the part of the Mayor of rental for the old Lexington Hotel when it was wanted by the War Camp" Community. Service for quarters for American soldiers and sailor's who might - be temporarily in Baltimore, and in closing he intimated that the Mayor had not been as patriotic as hej might have been. Mr. Williams took a rest in his campaign last night after having made five speeches during the afternoon. In addition to his speech at the City Club luncheon, he visited all the offices of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, making four addresses to the employes of this concern. , , . . ; - . Continues Request For Answer. In all: of his addresses, Mr. Williams continued to. put to Mayor Preston the request for an answer to the question of why, if the Mayor entertained the German Ambassador -and the crew of the German submarine Deutschland at the citv's exnense. he (the Mayor)- couldn t let the War Camp Community Service have the Hotel Lexington free to enter tain soldiers. r . . . t'Baek in the days of the great war,' he said at the City Club, "the people were devoting all their thought and their energies Z to - the furtherance of everything that would aid in winning the war. TheP4rbe?'iwai';'ltakeli from his shop, t he .bootblack .irom nis stpoi ana sent 10 the munition .factories - and the shipyards7 and the men who were fit were. sent to tne, camps to ne ..trainee, to uguu The neonla who-stayed at home did with- ou't the things - they desired, for their "Government' had l5aid to them that it was necessary "for thenL'to save-to conserve foodthat' ilie" Allies inight be fed, to con- serve money, mat jney mignt neip linage the w:ar, to conserve -labor that the essential-industries might .be manned and the people obeyed willingly : and gladly.' ;.--v '.'.- - " . "But what was the attitude of the Mayor on this matter? -Public improvements had been stopped here as. well .as elsewhere--to save' labor ; nothing that was not essential was being done. But in Baltimore there were two things that had to go on. One of these was the Mount Vernon Placel'improvements,' the Stt Paul street.- The Government did not think these were necessary improvements, and for one of them at least it absolutely forbade the furnishing of material. But the Mayor thought otherwise. And those works went on, in spite of what the Government desired, went on through the most trying period of the" war as an example to the people of 'My will be done.' " Three points which he said he wished to discuss were the health conditions of Baltimore,, the educational conditions ancHthe fact that the city's government wasone of individual will and not of laws. Referring to" the health conditions, he reiterated the charge that, though milr lions of dollars had been spent on sewers, water and paved, streets, the death rate in Baltimore was absnormally high, the highest last year of any of the 30 largest cities in the country. "Also that figures concerning infant mortality showed that more babies died in this city per-thousand of births than in any other of the 10 large cities of the country. "There must be some way of remedy ing this, and if I 'am 'nominated 'and" elected Mayor. I promise you tnat I wiu call on Dr. Welch, or some other man of equal authority a man who has made a study of. 'sanitation and of health his life work and will ask him to name the best man available to head (Continued on Page 12.) AS .'0PEN:-:-UETTE m fio FMII "T On March 11th", 1019, there, appeared in the advertising columns of The StJN a letter signed by me which aimed to create the impression that I am supporting Mayor Preston. Like many things that have been done by Mayor Preston and his advisers ia the last few years, it was an absurd attempt to fool the people. I am-opposed to; Mr. jPrest on,- and am suppo rising George Weems Williams. - ':.:" ' ' " " ' ' ' ' ': . - -. -- . . ,- - ' v . The letter out of which he makes so much capital was written by, me upon the solicitation of the then Mayor's Secretary, and not upon my own spontaneous initiative, in October, 1914, after the Star-Spangled Banner celebration Judged by the exten-' sive tfse he now makes of it, the letter was evidently obtained in the belief that it would be of Borne service " in promoting his nomination and election in 1915 and, mayhap, at subsequent Mayoralty periods. I meant every word-1 said, and I wish I could repeat the same sentiments today, but I can't To read his speeches and the articles by-his supporters one wonld be led to believe that Mr. Preston Is respon-slble" for all out modern improvements. What are the facts? ... I, don't propose to go bacfc before the fire of 1904. ' At that time Mr. Preston was a member of the Police Board. . Did anyone hear of him being connected with the many, movements for. rebuilding Baltimore? Did he serve on any of the committees that-were formed .to ' do this work? Did be advocate any' of the loans that were ratified by the. voters fh order that the city could be rehabilitated ? An examination of the record following the great fire will show that during those trying and troublesome days ; Mayor Preston did ' not take an open part in favor of the ratification of the sewerage, docks, conduits and other ; loans. - I do not know what his attitude was on them, but I can state, however, that his political associates were openly fighting the loans. During" the following years I never did hear of or see any public notice that Mr. Preston .was ; interested in any undertaking for rebuilding Baltimore. ; He became Mayor in 1911 and an investigation will show that" the loans :for sewers, docks, paving and other public improvements had all been voted upon and the work on the sewers and docks nearly completed. The. paving could not be done while the sewerage con- j struction was in progress. " As a fact, the only new things in the construction line done during his administration were the Key Highway ' and the St. Paul Street Boulevard. The Key Highway was planned before he was elected,' but. in all seriousness, ,1 want to "ask: Why the Key Highway? - Has it brought any new enterprise to Baltimore? Has it added, fo onr prosperity ? Kot a single dock or wharf has been built upon it. Before ?it was built there was a wharf at the foot, of Hughes street.' ',This was wiped out and has been idle ever since. -Has the . St. Paul Street- Boulevard . added anything. to our prosperity? It did wipe thousands of dollars of property off of our tax books. As to the NURSES COMING HOME TODAY ... Members Ot University Of Maryland Unit Discharged. .-"dispatch from a staff correspondent of The Sux in New York last night said that the nurses of the University of Maryland Base Hospital Unit No. 42 naa neen discharged from the army yesterday afternoon and would come to Baltimore this afternoon. They will leave New York at -1.08 P. M. and arrive at Union Station at 5.23 P. M. There are o2 otthe nurses an dthey are in charge of Miss Frances Branley, acting chief of the nurse unit; - - While this unit is known locally as the University of-Maryland Base Hospital, the nurses: were recruited from a number of Baltimore hospitals, Mercv. the Maryland General, St. Joseph's, the Uni6n Protestant Infirmary and the Church Home and Infirmary being represented in addition' to the University of Maryland. They have been away from Baltimore since last July. ' Forty-seven nurses of the unit still remain in France in a'ctiye service.- although the officers and men of Base Hospital No. 42 are at a debarkation - camp awaiting transport to the United States. :. , ADVENTUEERS GLAD TO RETURN South , Baltimore Runaways Were ' Caught In Cumberland. Tired, but glad to get back under their own roofs after five days of adventure. John Hamilton Iiobinette, 15 years old. 103, West Franklin street: Roland Gre gory, 12 years old, 30 East West street : John C. Benson, . ;lo -years old, and his brother, Lewis 3. Benson. 13 years old. 904 South Hanover street, who ran away from home Monday," were brought back last night froin'"'Cumberland, Md., by Commodore John IL Robinette. Commissioner for Opening Streets, father of one of the boys. , --. The boys were apprehended Friday night. in a railroad station at Cumber-land, after they had been surrounded in the waiting-room by the policemen. The Benson brothers and Gregory sun-en- dered, but young - Robinette darted through the station ' doorway and after a chase- by the assistant chief of police, two subordinates and Robinette's great-uncle, the youngster was cornered. Reunited, at. the station, they told their captors a tale of adventure and grit.. The boys told their-captors how since" early Tuesday morning they had spent most of their time in a hut built of pine trees and boughs and underbrush on the top of the hill on the Williams road, Allegany county overlooking the Potomac river. -, Young Robinette is a Boy Scout and, understands how to live out of h doors.' Trees were , chopped down Tuesday and Wednesday in their efforts to establish a permanent camp. Wednesday night it rained and grew so cold the boyg took a room at the Windsor Hotel. Thursday night they spent in the hut, and Friday, during a rain, sleet and snow storm; they hiked ' to r Cumberland to sleep' in the railroad station. New . Cabaret Opens. A cabaret consisting of fourteen acts formerly the Columbia, at North and Madison avenues, last night. The new rafeand cabaret consists of a restaurant downstairs with an upstairs dancing floor. It is operated by the American Amusement Company, of which Harry Katz, a local man; is the head. The cabaret talent has been brought from New York. - We Advise the Purchase ;- ; . of 01Q1S Will, Buy or Sell for Cash all issues. Loans will be made by us in any amount at cur-rent rates. Tte;Natieii2l Baii : Baltimore and St. Paul Sts. ,Civic Center. - -The Mayor presented this; issue to the voters, and despite the fact that the interest and sinking funds were to be provided for out of the park tax,' thus not adding one cent to our tax rate, it was overwhelmingly defeated.i This did not deter Mayor , Preston. The voters refused to bow 'to his fancies and he ' went ahead with his plans by getting $100,000 a year by direct , taxes and applying it for the purchase of the property cast of the CitykHalI. And while he was thus spending the taxpayers', money for these so-called improvements, he permitted our school system, the'Health Department and the water supply, . whichv are the real vitals of a city's prosperity to deteriorate. -In these three fundamental departments of municipal government the Mayor has, in my judgment, failed to reach the degree of efficiency we had a right to expect, the reason being that he followed his own personal predilections, apparently,; Instead of seeking wise, and dependable 'counsel.. In the schools he could not tolerate Dr. Finney, nor the late Thomas McCosker, notwithstanding their exceptional fitness. In the Health Department he Ignored Dr. Gor-ter and removed Dr. Jones, both of whom had the approval of the medical profession as experts in their line whilst in the Water Department the recommendations of reputable hydraulic engineers were rejected and those of less-capable advisers accepted. This is his public record. - . . - , Last, his Democracy. He has received frequent honors from his party as a party man. He was Speaker of tho House of Delegates, Police Commissioner and twice Mayor. ' He has been a tentative candidate for the United States Senate and an active candidate for Vice-President of the United States. He became Mayor on a platform pledging the people an "Old-Fashioned Democratic Administration." It has been old-fashioned, but not Democratic. I have no fault to find with the independents in politics. They are the safeguards for good government, but as a party man, realizing that we must have government bfr parties, I think that Mr. Preston has read himself out of the Democratic party by his open and active-part in the defeat of David J. Lewis for the United States Senate, hia attempt to defeat Hugh A. McMullen for State Comptroller, his defeat of 16 city Democrats for the House of Delegates, which resulted in the election of a Republican State Treasurer. " With such a recent record of disloy- ,ou iieeij avuuowieageu, ln-tnree successive campaigns, I do not; think the Mayor should at this time ask additional honors from the party he tried to destroy and whose signal favor alone gave him power to injure it,-unless and until, he can give some stronger reason than a desire to promote his own ambition- ': - Mr.- Williams' party , record i flawless, his ability is unquestioned, his temperament eminently -: fits him for public office, and he has the vision of the needs of a Greater Baltimore and the will and energy to make a great executive. ' , - F. A. FURST. H Eioertf 1 : :v - V o'FlJSST ciA jsr exviyi &'.!' sWfrsrr-vI. ..it Silk "
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