Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois on December 14, 1969 · 24
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Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois · 24

Chicago, Illinois
Issue Date:
Sunday, December 14, 1969
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24 Section 1 CHICAGO TRIBUNE, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1969 Cuomo QTribune hi mill' tiiitiu iiiiiimi FOUNDED JUNE It, 1MT H. F. Gr'umhaus, Pretident and Publisher W. C Kusz, Executive Vice Pretident and General Manager F. A. Nichols, Executive Vice Pretident and Treaturer Clayton Kirkpatrick, Editor Thomas Furlong, Executive Editor Tom Moore, Managing Editor-Walter Simmons, Sunday Editor Georcu Morgenstern, Editorial Page Editor . v Sunday, DwembCT 14, 1W . the Newspaper is an institution developed by modern civilization to present the news of the day, to foster commerce and industry, to inform and lead public opinion, and to furnish that check upon overnment which no constitution has ever been able to provide. - THE TRIBUNE CREDO Is There Any Hope for tlie Senate? We have received a plaintive letter from Sen. George McGovern P., S. D. informing us that "1970 threatens to be a most difficult year for liberal senators" and urging us to send a check for their 1970 campaign fund. We have forwarded this appeal to Santa Claus, but we are grateful to Sen. McGovern for reminding us that so many "progressive-minded senators" are threatened by the efforts of President Nixon, a "skilled and deeply committed political tactician," to create "a new and dominant conservative coalition in American politics." ' Twenty-five Democrats and only eight Republicans are up for reelection next year. Most of the Democrats were elected in the Republican debacle of 1958, when the Democrats' advantage in the Senate was increased from two to 32 seats. These men were reelected in the Republican debacle of 1964. As a result of this unusual situation, Sen. McGovern notes, "more than half of the liberals ... and fewer than a fifth of the conservatives" in the Senate are up for reelection. , The Republicans now have 43 seats and must gain 8 to control the Senate. Since their best chances for gains are in states carried by Mr. Nixon in 1968, a change of the Senate's Republican leadership may be expected after next year's elections. Seventeen of the 43 Republicans, including Hugh Scott of Pennsylvania, the minority leader, and Robert P. Griffin of Michigan, the assistant minority leader, voted against Judge Clement F. Haynsworth Jr., President Nixon's nominee for the Supreme court Commenting on this sorry performance, Rep. Page Belcher R., Okla. remarked: "Folks in Oklahoma may not be too smart, but we know enough not to run out on the field and tackle our own quarterback." ' , Another possible result of next year's elections is that the Senate, which bias declined, it seems, to the nadir of irresponsibility, will be upgraded to a standard more befitting its former reputation as the world's greatest deliberative body. A whole class of what old-timers called "cats and dogs" was dragged in by the coattails of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936. Republican membership was reduced to 17, not even enough in a partisan showdown to force a roll call of the "yeas and nays." The late Sen. Henry Ashurst of Arizona said the Senate had "the courage of President Roosevelt's convictions." Yet this Senate distinguished itself in one of the greatest constitutional crises in American history by defeating Mr. Roosevelt's proposal to pack the Supreme court. There are still a few able and courageous men in the Senate, but most of its members are moral and intellectual pygmies compared with such leaders of the New Deal era as Borah of Idaho, Wheeler of Montana, Johnson of California, Glass and Byrd of Virginia, La Follette of Wisconsin, Norris and Burke of Nebraska, Harrison of Mississippi Vandenberg of Michigan, Clark of Missouri, Bailey of North Carolina, George and Russell of Georgia Russell is still there, Bridges of New Hampshire, and from 1938 Taft of Ohio. Senators who voted against Judge Haynsworth on alleged "conflict of interest" grounds were not inhibited by their own conflict of interest from voting against an amendment by Sen. Paul Fannin R., Ariz. to require tax-exempt organizations, including labor unions, to refrain from political activity. Sen. Fannin said it had been estimated . that "over a hundred million dollars were spent by labor unions in the last national elections." Sen. Robert J. Dole R., Kas. said those who had recently been "so sensitive about the euucs ot puDUc omciais ' had a rare op portunity to demonstrate their sincerity, but the Fannin amendment was defeated, 59 to 27. Too many senators owed their election to union support. Another flagrant example of demagogy and irresnonsibilitv was the Senate's adon- Gon of a so-called tax reform bill reducing taxes Dy an estimated 8 muion dollars a year and increasing social security bene fits by 6 billion. Sen. John J. Williams R., uei.i cnioea nis colleagues wno were "so nimble" that they could "vote for all the tax reductions and against all expenditure reductions." ' There is not much hope for constitutional government! unless the Senate regains some measure of responsibility. This will depend, however, upon the election of men of senatorial stature, regardless of party. A gain by the Republican party of more Javitses, Goodells, Percys, and Scotts in the Senate would be no gain for the country. No More Woodstocks Members of the -United Nations staff, according to a recent report from our man at the U. N., William Fulton, are contemplating "a youth festival on a global scale" in New York as part of the celebration of the U. N.'s 25th anniversary next year. C. V. Narashimhan of India, a high U. N. official, has proposed "a huge pop concert in the rose garden," and other staffers are thinking about another f'Woodstock festival," only bigger. The Woodstock festival drew 300,000 persons into the New York countryside last summer, snarling traffic, ignoring all public health principles, indulging in much loose living, and listening to some music. The- event has been widely hailed as a creditable exercise because the participants did not kill each other and, surprisingly, no epidemic ensued. Rabbi Jacob J. Hecht, executive vice president of the National Committee for Furtherance of Jewish Education NCFJE, has recently issued a vigorous denunciation of the Woodstock festival and of official tolerance of what went on there. "Our first immediate job," says Rabbi Hecht, "is to dispel the hallucination that the Woodstock festival was good for America. Only then will we be able to restore the morality of our nation to the proper level one we must reach if our nation is to survive." All accounts of the Woodstock festival agree that the hundreds of thousands of participants indulged in a great deal of pot smoking, nude mixed bathing, .etc., and endured highly unhygienic conditions during the three days of the gathering. The NCFJE succinctly states a startling paradox: "On the one hand 300,000 young Americans violated the law more times than an adding machine can count, and on the other hand they were not only not punished but were actually praised for their action by everyone from law enforcement officials to the press." Yet, as Rabbi Hecht says, "There are laws on the books about possession of narcotics, indecent exposure, and illicit sexual inter course." Government authorities with Jurisdic tion,-however, both those present at the orgy and those not, looked the other way, Voices reproaching their inaction have been so few and unemphatic that the NCFJE release quoted here clearly newsworthy. Yet nearly everyone without an eager appetite for "narcotics, indecent ex posure, and illicit sexual intercourse" must acknowledge that the NCFJE is right. Even in the absence of homicides and epidemics, Woodstock was not anything for America to rejoice in. The concentration of lawbreakers in such num bers as to make law enforcement impractical is nothing to fry to repeat, For the United Nations or any other of ficial agency to invite another Woodstock is ridiculous. For parents and other ma ture citizens to take a tolerant view of Woodstock is dangerous, and for hundreds of thousands of immature citizens to be capable of staging even one Woodstock is ominous for our culture. The NCFJE makes the convincing point that passive acceptance of such events as the Woodstock festival encourages the belief "that America no longer has any moral standards, and that the principles of morality which have guided mankind for thousands of years are being scrapped as obsolete." We who do not wish that to be true may not be able altogether to prevent such a development. But we cer tainly can do more than we have yet done to discourage it. One point at which to begin is to join the NCFJE in recognizing as an hallucination any notion that "the Woodstock festival was good for America." "No more Woodstocks" is a better slogan than "more and bigger" Woodstocks. : HowtpKeepWell By T.&Van DeHen,M.D. ECONOMICAL MEALS te 16: Tht CMC TrtbwMl FOOD PRICES-bke everything else are skyrocketing. More economical meals can be served by increasing the intake of potatoes, dry beans and peas, flour, and cereals. Fresh fruits and vegetables are cheaper in season; at other times, canned varieties are better buys. For ex ample, canned tomato, orange, and grapefruit juices may be used when the fresh products are high. Many canned goods are graded by size and appear ance, rather than by nutritional value. Milk contains almost all the essential food elements. In some areas, evaporated and nonfat milk are less expensive than the bottled kind. This is worth looking into, especially when every budget dollar must be stretched. The greatest re ductions in food costs are made by cutting down on steaks and chops. Less expensive cuts of meat often are equal, if not higher in nutritional value because they contain less fat. This is in line with the current tendency to decrease the amount of fat in the diet, because it raises the cholesterol level of the blood, which, in turn, encourages arteriosclerosis. Cereals, tho inexpensive, are rich sources of proteins and vitamins. Bread is the staff of life. Additional enrichment may make it a serious competitor of meats, which contain quality proteins. . ; Prepared foods can really put a dent in tne budget, women who bake and cook meals from scratch can lower food costs by many dollars. Low cost dinners are simple, but require more time and work. This means fewer ready-to-serve or PRESIDENT OF KENYA FACES AN ANGRY CROWD . Hert is an account of a dramatic, violent incident in Kenya that occurred in October, as related to Hughston M, Mc-Bain by a iriend who beard it broadcast in tho Swahili language. This account describes the strength of personality and character displayed by Jomo Kenyatta, one of the towering political figures of Africa, and Seshes out news accounts printed at the same time about tho incident and its aftermath. Mr. McBain recently returned from Kenya. He is the retired chairman of Marshall Field & Co., tie presidency of which company he attained is 1943, at the ago of 41. Mr. McBain is a director ot Marshall Field, Illinois Bell, First Na tional Bank of Chicago, Trans World Air lines, etc. Since 1959, b has been chief of tht clan of McBain. , Today's Health Hint Frostbite is insidious because cold numbs the tissues. 'Cost Overrun' Periodically, the defense department has been embarrassed whenever Congress or the press discovers that the actual costs of a project have vastly exceeded the original estimates. One of .the best known of these embarrassments was the C-5A transport plane whose project costs have soared 2 billion dollars. In the vocabulary of political Washington this is known as "cost overrun," a term that has come to irk David Packard, deputy secretary of defense. He regards it as a term of imprecise meaning. Last month in a memorandum to senior Pentagon officials he expressed hope that "the often misunderstood" phrase would 1 disappear from Pentagonese and be replaced with "cost growth," Earlier this week Packard discovered that old habits die hard. In testimony before the Senate appropriations committee his boss, Secretary of Defense Melvin R. Laird used "cost overrun" at least twice. What phrase would be more- natural for Laird who often inveighed against "cost overrun" in Pentagon projects while he was a member of the House? Packard may discover he has more success ' in eliminating any reason for using the term than in changing a phrase that has become a part of the federal government partially-prepared items. House holds with unlimited funds can well afford to use these time-savers. Dining out is fun, but those on a budget must forego this pleasure. Feeding the large family is more costly, but the average per person expenditure usually is less, as larger meals are more economical to prepare. Questions on medical topics will be answered by mail if stamped, self-addressed enve lope accompanies request. MONDAY: Winter Skin. TUESDAY: Hospital Care Is Expensive. WEDNESDAY: Weakened Muscles. THURSDAY: A Vaccine Against Chicken pox. FRIDAY: Pancreatitis Is a Painful Disorder. SATURDAY: Playtime Is Vital to Child's Development. SUNDAY: Vaccines and Vi rology. PERSONALITY AFTER STROKE P. R., writes: Is it possible that a stroke could be mild enough not to cause physical signs and yet severe enough to change the personality? Since a friend of mine had a stroke, he is unreasonable, sus picious, and cruel. REPLY Yes. Personality changes may be the only clews that a minor stroke took place. Send stamped, self -addressed enve lope for leaflet on stroke. THREE SLIPPED DISKS P. F. writes: I had three slipped disks removed last summer. Do you think any more will slip? REPLY I hope not. You have had more than par for the course and I'm sure a record would be broken if your fears material ized. Disks usually rupture rather than slip and the pro truding part presses upon the nerve tissue. AN AUTHENTIC DISEASE B. A. M. B. writes: Is Hong Kong flu a real disease or is it fictitious? REPLY Influenza is caused by many different viruses. Hong Kong flu is so named because this particular virus was discovered originally tnere. in this re spect, it is an authentic disease, anouia you develop it, I am sure you will agree that it is not a fictitious disorder, candieTgarlic D. O. writes: Do chocolate-covered garlic pills , improve tne memory7 REPLY , Ugh! No, and the chocolate won't hide the smell of garlic uiuiamic acta ana Kitaira are said to improve memory In old er folks. An experimental drug, Ribamlnol, has also been used for this purpose. VOICE OF THE PEOPLE ... Writers should confine themselves to 200 or 300 words. Give full names and addresses. No manuscripts can be returned. Space for letters is obviously limited. Incoming mail jar exceeds it. The right to condense letters is reserved. Address letters to Voice of the People, THE TRIBUNE, PHIL CRANE APPRECIATED Rep. Philip Crane's prompt and singular selection as the Republicans' Capitol hill campaigner to help launch Sen. George Murphy's reelection bid In California confirms a claim of Crane 's supporters. They said early in his 13th district Cm ISLAND OF LIGHTS Chicago, Dee. 9 As a year 'round member in good stand ing of the work-downtown-live- near-north walk - home along- Michigan-avenue-at-f ive- o'clock club, I have always enjoyed that part of the walk near the Water Tower. It is at all seasons of the year pleasant and restful to reach that lit tle island, surrounded by a turbulent sea of rush hour traffic. At Christmas time, however. when Water Tower island dons N' X f X V M ..fV BY HUGHSTON M. McBAIN AIROBI, Kenya The patriarchal Old Man slowly rose to his feet, majestically spread both arms wide and high, and thundered: "Here I am. Here is my heart Shoot me if you will. I thought I bad been useful in this life. I gave you your liberty. You seem not satis fied." The crowd, estimated at more than 200,000, suddenly became silent, respectful. H i s excellency Jomo Kenyatta, president of the republic of Kenya, then continued in a clear, commanding voice, "Haram-bee!" He won the crowd! As of old, in a single thundering voice, the crowd echoed, "Harambee umoja! In Swahili Kenvatta uua "caua' nenyaua . All for one and one for afl." The occasion was the formal opening of the new general hospital in Kisumu, Kenya, on the eastern shores of Lake Victoria. This is "Luo tribe country," second larg est irroe in Kenya, traditional ancient enemies of the Kikuyu tribe, the largest oi ail Land of which president Kenyatta is a member, Mboya, indicated successor to Kenyatta, whose recent murder in Nairobi made world-wide headlines, had been a Luo. Was there a connection with this Kisumu outbreak?. To find the answer a bit of recent his tory will help. About three years ago, the vice president of Kenya was one Oginda Odinga, a Luo and the present head of n. v. u. LKenya People's union. In his governmental office as vice president of Kenya were discovered, hidden in the basement, literally tons of arms, ammuni tion, and literature all of which was identified, as Russian or Chinese in oriein! Oginda Odinga was expelled immediately as vice president of Kenya. But he con tinued as head of the K. P. U. It was he. in this capacity, who occupied the speakers' platform with President Ken- yatta at the Kisumu hospital dedication. THIS OFliciAL hospital opening was held in mid-October, 1969. As a con sistent exponent of racial tolerance, as a successful moderator in politics, and as the only leader who had ever had any sue cess in welding the many tribes of Kenya into one people, one nation. President Kenyatta had magnani mously invited Oginda Odinga still the bead of the K. P. U. to share the platform with mm on this dedication day. The entire affair was tn be broad cast in the Swahili McBai" language. No doubt a great many natives listened, well aware of the festering troubles sparked by Mboya's assassination. And here, in the Luo tribe stronghold, was President Kenyatta officiating! Probably only the handful of Europeans and Americans who understood Swahili tuned in. My friend was one of them. This Is what happened. While President Kenyatta was concluding his dedication remarks, suddenly shouts, heckling, and general nuisances broke out started by the "youth wing" of the K. P. U. These violent disturbances were quickly answered by the K. A. N. U. Kenya African National union, which includes a sizable number of Luos loyal to the president. The issue thus was joined with the leftist K. P. U.; a big fight started. - - ' ! PRESIDENT Kenyatta turned to Oginda Odinga, seated beside him, and said audible to radio listeners, "What is this?" No answer. Then the president said to Odinga also audible to radio listeners: "Stop this outrage at once!" "I demand that you stop it!" ."Odinga, STOP IT!" Odinga made no reply to these three commands. Then the president jumped to his feet, bellowed, "STOP IT!" to the crowd and the radio went dead! It was then, my friend believes, that the president's bodyguard police opened fire. Twenty, probably more, of the agitators were killed. At least 70 were wounded. The radio resumed broadcasting in time for my Swahili-speaking friend to hear the classic Kenyatta words: "Here is my heart. Shoot me if you -will." ' The following day, by radio, Oginda Odinga, as head of the K. P. U., apologized for the actions of his group and also for his own inaction. A day later, he denied ever making both apologies. After the tumultuous meeting ended, and after exhibiting such enormous courage and winning most of the Luo tribe audience, President Kenyatta drove back to his home and thus completed 500 miles of motoring on this troubled day. "The Old Lion of Kenya," as he is sometimes called affectionately, is nearing his mid-seventies. He had once again united his people and saved Kenya from a possible bloody civil war. For attempting to overthrow, the government, Oginda Odinga with 10 of his principal lieutenants all Luos was placed in "house arrest"; they have since been removed to an undisclosed place. The government has legally outlawed the K. P. U. party. campaign that the young edu cator's fame and following and high regard in Washington had preceded his candidacy. Crane's remarkable breadth of under standing and rare articulation had already made Its positive imprint in Republican circles, they said. Crane had taken to the hus tings from coast to coast for Republican candidates and had been selected long ago as a Nixon researcher and adviser. He was one of America's most sought-after lecturers and au thors on positive conservatism and the meanings of freedom and democracy. So, when he was tapped to join Vice President Agnew and Gov. Reagan in the Murphy campaign kickoff week-end, it was no surprise to his growing band of supporters. To the voters of the 13th district, how ever, this little message from high Republican circles should not go unnoticed. Philip Crane is appreciated, We can t quite conjure up a very clear picture of any of his primary campaign rivals getting this kind of high compliment in the first week in office, had a rival been elected. James P. Ince AUTO SUBSIDY FOR CTA? Chicago, Dec S Public transportation is of the greatest importance even tho it cannot function satisfactorily under 'present legal require ments that it be self-support ing. If indeed it must be subsidized, then ways and means to keep public .transportation within the means of our work ing people and their children must be found. , Some way must be found to subsidize the CTA, whether it be gasoline taxes or taxes levied on parking lot usage in the city. The automobile riding public and the trucking industries which are using the city streets should be glad to cooperate since CTA fares will soon rise to the point where automobile ownership becomes a very reasonable alternative. This, of course, would make the city streets crowded beyond the already intolerable conditions which exist. Donald P. Cohen President, Optliki Marof rehiring corporation POLICY ON HUNGER Blue Island, Dec. 3 It was with great interest that I read of President Nixon's recognition of hunger as an American problem, and of his call for a "national commitment" to end it I was especially glad to see him '''not only accept but claim the responsibility" for this commitment He can, therefore, accept the blame for waiting 11 months be fore declaring his war on this most basic human problem. Evi dently the Nixon administration thought it crucial that sufficient funds be allocated for ABM missiles and SST jets before attention could be turned to so relatively unglamorous a problem as American hunger. These are the sort of gro tesque priorities machine before man, prestige before basic needs which have so many young Americans so, frightened and angered. Nathan Board ANTI-POLLUTION COSTS Hinsdale, Dec. 1 Because it is true that conversions to improved' forms of power cost enormous sums of money, there seems to be no alternative but to pass a part of the cost on to the consumer, if this- is the only way the conversion would be financially feasible. No one wants to assume more financial burdens, but time is growing short and immediate action must be taken to stop all pollution. , Mrs. Arthur C. Velltno ' V"--t I irrJr.rui ChriitmM lights, tha Witr Towtr, and 'Big John.' her cloak of Italian lights in preparation for her most photographed season, it takes on a special magic, for, tho me -nuie Italian lights are strung all along North Mich igan avenue, only oii the island are there trees on both sides of the sidewalk to accommo date the lights. As you pause beneath their interlocking boughs in" the evening and look up at these tiny, seem ingly Iridescent gems, you get the feeling that you are stand ing on a planet all your own, looking out upon the entire star-studded universe. i Rob Dallach 'GASPING FOR AIR' Chicago, Nov. 17 "For the good of the many" is the reason given on many oc casions when public roads musi go wru, or uroan re newal is necessary. The same many are now gasping for air some with physical difficul ties even dying because of air pollution. Why doesn't the "for the good of the many" apply in the enforcement of air pollution laws? Not everyone benefits from a new public road, but all need life-giving fresh air. When our circulation system sends blood to our lungs to be purified, you can imagine what is happening. Must we be floundering in the streets like fish out of water before we get some significant action to halt this terrible problem? -Robert Manoogiah THE COST OF THE CTA Chicago, Dec. 5 Something must be done not just to halt the proposed CTA fare increase, but to bring the cost of transportation down. Many vho have the option of buying and using cars are doing so. But the "hard-core" CTA riders are also the hard-core, low-income workers. They have no choice; they must take public transportation to work, and they simply cannot afford a dollar a day to do so. S. S. FREEDOMS IN RUSSIA Chicago, Dec. 1 Before Russian leaders talk any more about giving freedom to others, let them give freedom to residents of their own country, who do not 'have the right to strike or the right to speak or write without fear. Joe Kicker TEACHING PEOPLE HOW TO EAT Chicago, Dec. 8 In a coun try with a surplus production of food it is inexcusable for anyone to go hungry. The difficulty usually is lack of an income sufficient to provide the necessary food. However, the granting of an adequate living income allowance may still not solve the problem of hunger and malnutrition. Education is needed in proper nutrition and the pur chase of an adequate diet Children must be taught to like foods which are essential to an adequate diet Parents must likewise set a proper example in this direction. Learning to prepare foods properly so that they are attractive in both appearance and taste helps solve - this problem. Buying cheaper cuts of meats which, if properly prepared, may be just as tasty and cer tainly just as nutritious as the more expensive cuts must bo encouraged. So should the purchase of vegetables in bulk. The use of leftovers is also important from an economic point of view. Domestic science courses in high school or even in grade school are the means of educating people in these matters. Even boys may be trained in such areas to their advantage. Welfare workers must be trained in dietetics and nutrition as they are in contact with the people who most need this help. The meetings in Washington on this problem would do well to address themselves to some of the items mentioned above. Walter F. Hoeppner, M. D. . EUROPEAN SYSTEM Northlake, Dec. 8 In European schools, students are tested for skills, Intelligence, and aptitudes. Those who do not have the intelligence required for going on in sophisticated fields are wisely instructed to seek education for that work in the field in which they will earn the money to support themselves. There is an honesty in such a system which we lack here. Some people simply are not mathematicians and others would not be content to carry full bedpans of sick and dying patients in mental hospitals. The world has need of both services and the people who will be happy to perform a life work in one or the other. If it takes money to train a person to carry bedpans, then, I say, pay the money it takes. Why quibble about the little it will take to educate men and women in vocational training? Why fuss about the salaries of teachers needed to train this essential force? They should be paid well for this needful teaching. A teacher who trains a girl to run a day nursery without demanding a four-year course in child psychology is meeting a need which has not been met yet Millicent B. Quick UNCHOSEN PARENTS Chicago, Dec. 2 Before we were born, our Creator didn't line up a parent of each race and nationality, and combinations thereof, and tell us, "Take your pick." Hence, it required no wisdom, good judgment, fortitude, prudence, industry, or other personal virtue on our part, or any rashness, vacillation, tactlessness, laziness, or other vice to be what we were by birth. Therefore, it is foolish to be either ashamed or proud of our race or nationality; these are accidents of birth, hence neutral with regard to personal pride or shame. Fred Czerwionka Guest Editorial LITTLE RETURN ON THE DOLLAR Dttrolt FrM Prtss As budgets go, 73 million dollars is not much in these days, of 190-billion-dollar budgets. But when the money is not going to produce anything worthwhile, even 73. million dollars becomes a sizable item. This is the -amount U Thant wants to expand the United Nations headquarters. He wants CHURCH HUMOR I I ';-KS1PtTLfETi M 1 ill "I agree . . war IS heck." to build one entirely new building and enlarge the present conference building. The cost is about what it took to build the present complex. We grant that the United Nations has grown enormously since it was first built some 20 years ago. New nations have been created like new babies, so that the membership of 126 is double what it was, and far greater than anyone thought it would be. But most of these new member nations have one-man delegations. Except for the workings of Parkinson's law, a doubling of membership should not mean a doubling of personnel. No big and important nation has been admitted since the club was founded. ' More important those who will pick up the tab the United States and the city of New York are reportedly being asked to pop for 40 million dollars together have a right to ask what they will get for their money. The U. N. has turned, out to be less effective than anyone expected, much less than anyone hoped. Its affiliated agencies have produced results in health and child welfare, but the U. N. has yet t stop Its first war. Tt has become a debating society from which the world'a most populous nation is excluded. Before Mr. Thant is given his money, we'd like to aee a balance sheet including, along ' with a cost effectiveness breakdown, the delinquent durs list. 1

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