The Baltimore Sun from Baltimore, Maryland on December 6, 1933 · 1
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The Baltimore Sun from Baltimore, Maryland · 1

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Wednesday, December 6, 1933
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WEATHER FORECAST Rain and warmer today; fair and colder tomorrow. (Details on Page 25) THE I 1 II N Hegemony Over China Now, Occupies Powers, By Wilbur Burton nSUierfJ UiilUd SUtei TtUnt Offiot Page 15 VOL. 194 D. PAID CIRCULATION NOVEMBER SM, 270,542 sundat 184,438 BALTIMORE. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER C4933 PnMithed tit fk liar tiT Tti A. S. Abell Compny. Entered u iwond-cltif cutttr it Baltimore Fottoffice. 2G PAGES 2 CENTS FROM Lindbergh 1, , i i , : B ENDED And Wife On Atlantic Hop WEST AFRICA FOR BRAZIL Flyers, Becalmed Since Saturday, Face 1,900 Miles Of Open Sea HOMEWARD-BOUND AFTER LONG TRIP Flight, Longest Yet Attempted, Expected To Take 14 Hours Wireless Reports Give Lindberghs9 Position By the Associated Press Colonel and Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh reported their position by wireless at brief intervals. The position reports follow, in Eastern standard time: 10 P. M.-12.17 north latitude, 17.50 west longitude (115 miles at sea). 11 P. M.-11.05 north latitude, 19.05 west longitude. "All well." 11.50 P. M. Making 100 knots per hour (about 116 land miles). The message did not give position, f t 12.30 A. M- Position 446 miles southwest of Bathurst, speed 100 knots. Altitude 1,200 feet. 1.27 A. M. Skies overcast. Weather squally. Visibility three miles. Daybreak. All well. By the Associated Press Bathurst, Gambia, Wednesday, Dec, 6 Col. Charles A. Lindbergh lifted his heavily-laden red monoplane into the ir at 2 A M. today (9 P. M. Tuesday, E.S.T.), and, with Mrs. Lindbergh at the radio, headed across 1,900 miles of open sea toward South America. After a score or more unsuccessful attempts to lift the heavily-laden plane in an almost dead calm, he was helped on his way by a light breeze from the interior which rippled the surface of the lower Gambia river. It was a "still, clear night and the moon was shining brightly when the Colonel and Mrs. Lindbergh took off from the marine moorings at Halfie, across the river from Bathurst. Plane Rises Gracefully There were about a dozen spectators who had foregone sleep for the purpose of wishing the American flying couple luck and of witnessing a sight most unusual here. - In a strong, fresh wind, the plane rose gracefully to be followed by the eyes of the watchers as it sped swiftly westward. The visibility was good and conditions altogether favorable, while the strength and direction of the wind promised to aid the flyers' progress. Becalmed For Four Day For four days the Lindberghs had been balked by inability to lift the heavy load of fuel required for the longest hop yet attempted in their aerial survey tour of Atlantic Ocean airways. Excess fuel and baggage was jettisoned, and at 4.30 P. M. today the colonel went to the plane for a final inspection. Ready for the flight, the craft bobbed in a gentle swell before a ' picturesque row of native shacks bordering the river. The colonel was informed that weather indications insured a bright, clear tropical night for the take-off. Westfalen Offers Security The German steamer Westfalen, which had been in Brazil securing supplies, was due to return to its mid-Atlantic post yesterday, aSct-ding further security for the Lindberghs on their long flight. The Westfalen is used by the German Lufthansa Line as a base for transatlantic flights, and officials of the line previously had offered the Lindberghs use of their facilities. By veering slightly northward off a direct course to Natal. Brazil, they could also stop at St Paul's Island, a French possession in mid-Atlantic. Fernando de Noronha, a volcanic The Great Game Of Politics By FRANK R. KENT Just Dumb ... Washington, Dec. 5. THE REPUBLICAN attack today upon the Roosevelt program is a fine illustration of the lack of political intelligence that characterizes the management of that befuddled and enfeebled party. It comes pretty close to the height of futility. They might just at well whistle in the face of an eighty-mile gale. FOR ONE THING, there isn't anyone anywhere, in any way, at this time, interested in what the Republican party has to say on any subject. There might be some interest in what some outstanding man ,of character and reputation in that party had to say for himself. But there isn't so much as a trace of interest in anything emanating from the Republican National Committee, or in anything said through that committee. The best evidence of this is that the committee could not get its own party organs the recognized Republican papers to carry the emanation of today on their first pages. IN THE SECOND PLACE, everything said about the Roosevelt program in the committee's statement had been said very much more forcefully and very much better by Democrats. It would seem that a 6-year-old child would have political gumption enough to let those Democratic attacks alone instead of taking the curse off of them for the Administration by imparting a partisan flavor and chilling the spirit of the Democratic critics, who have nothing in common with the Republican party and a complete dis taste for being associated with, it in any way. 0 , IN THE THIRD PLACE, even if the committee had had anyTKing effective to say, which jt had not, the thought might have occurred that the day on which the repeal of the Prohibition Amendment became effective and some very burdensome taxes removed was no day for the Republican party to speak. It is perfectly true that Mr. Roosevelt was not for straight-out repeal, prior to his nomination; that the repeal plank was forced into the platform over the protest of his friends, who had brought out a very different and much less clean-cut plank. IT IS ALSO TRUE that, at his direction, there has now been set up in Washington a complete Federal control over liquor which is in direct conflict with the party pledge. What the party promised and what the people thought they were voting for was the complete return of the liquor problem to the States. The big point made in the campaign was that the Federal Government would confine itself to protecting dry States from wet, and exercisl power over importations. Otherwise the whole business was to be returned to the States. That was the idea, but it hasn't worked out. Instead, a rigid system of Federal regulation and direction has been imposed, of which there was not the slightest Democratic hint during the campaign. On the contrary, Federal control was supposed to be the Republican idea and it came in for the bitterest sort of denunciation from Democratic spokesmen. . HOWEVER, these are matters of detail and theory, about which a lot will be heard later on, and which, unfortunately, will keep the controversy alive. At the moment the people, generally are far too pleased at being free from the restrictions of a hated law, which had become intolerably obnoxious, to bother about things of this sort Whether or not Mr. Roosevelt was originally for straight repeal; whether or not the new Federal control clashes with his promises; whether or not the real leaders in the repeal movement are sore about what he has done these things make no real difference. THE FACT IS THAT, today, people who want a drink can buy one legally and drink it openly. The credit for this (Continued on Page 10, Column 4) 1 (Continued on Pafle 8, Column 4). HOUSE GROUP PLANS TO RAISE $237,000,000 Would Increase U. S. Receipts By Changes In Revenue Act Of 1932 INCOME TAX USED AS NEW SOURCE Increase Made In Some Rates While Eight Loopholes Are Plugged By PATJL W. WARD Washington Bureau of The Sun Washington, Dec. 5 Promising to file at a later date suggestions as to new Federal revenue sources, a House Ways and Means subcommittee today issued some recommendations on how to squeeze an additional $237,000,000 from an old source, the income tax. Representative Doughton (Dem., N. C), discussing the report tonight, saidhe expected to receive the subcommittee's final report, including its recommendations on new revenue sources, when the full committee, which he heads, meets again at 10 A. M. tomorrow. ' Public hearings on the subcommittee's : proposals will be held, Mr. DoUghton said, after the House Ways and Means Committee completes the liquor-tax hearings which, sitting in joint session with the Senate Finance Committee, it will inaugurate Monday, r " ' ; , ': Changes Proposed . The subcommittee proposes to raise $36,000,000, or fifteen per cent, of the $237,000,000 additional revenue it envisions through changes in the Revenue Act of 1932 that would: Raise the rates on net taxable income in excess of $6,000. , Slightly decrease income taxes paid by married men and offset the reduction by an increase in taxes paid by single men. Substantially increase taxes on unearned income but still leave those taxes lower than those paid on earned income. Substitute a flat four per 'cent, rate for the present graduated "normal," or basic, income tax and raise surtax rates approximately seven per cent. To Plug Loopholes In Law The subcommittee proposes to raise the remaining eighty-five per cent., or $201,000,000, by plugging eight loopholes in the Federal income-tax laws. The spotlight of the Senate stock-market investigation has been focused on four of those loopholes, and by plugging that particular quartet, the House subcommittee predicts, Congress would add $80,000,000 to the Federal income. The four are those revenue act provisions pertaining to capital gains and losses, personal holding companies, exchanges and reorganizations, and partnership losses. The other loopholes which the subcommittee proposes to seal are the depreciation and depletion, the foreign tax credit, the consolidated returns and the "dividends out of pre-March, 1913 earnings" provisions of the revenue act. The subcommittee proposes that" the allowance granted under the first of those four provisions be reduced Text Of President's Repeal Proclamation By the Associated Press Washington, Dec. 5 The text of President Roosevelt's repeal proclamation follows-. Whereas the Congress of the United States in second session of the Seventy-second Congress, begun at Washington on the 5th day of December in the year one thousand nine hundred and thirty-two, adopted a resolution in the words and figures following, to wit : JOINT RESOLUTION Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Resolved by the Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), that the following article Is hereby proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by conventions In three-fourths of the several States : ARTICLE Sec. 1. The Eighteenth article of Amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed. Sec. 2. The transportation or Importation into any State, territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited. Sec. 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress. Whereas, Section 217 (A) of the act ot Congress entitled "an act to encourage national industrial recovery, to foster competition and to provide for the construction of certain useful public works, and for other purposes" approved June 16, 1933, provides as follows: "Sec. 217 (A) The President shall proclaim the date of: (1) The close of the first fiscal year ending June 30 of any year after the year 1033, during which the total receipts of the United States "excluding public-debt receipts" exceed its total expenditures (excluding public-debt expenditures other than those chargeable against such receipts), or (2) The repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution, whichever is the earlier. Whereas, it appears from a certificate issued December 5, 1933, by the Acting Secretary of State that official notices have been received in the Department of State that on the fifth day of December, 1933, conventions in thirty-six States of the United States, constituting three-fourths of the whole number of States, had ratified the said repeal amendment ; Now, therefore, I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, president of the United States of America, pursuant to the provisions of section- 217 (A) (Continued on Page 2, Column 2) RITCHIE SIGNS STATE-WIDE LIQUOR BILL Gordy Issues 16 Licenses As Law Becomes Effective By 10UIS 3. O'DONXEIX Annapolis Bureau of The Sun Annapolis, Dec. 5 The State-wide linuor-control bill became a law at 8.28 o'clock tonight when Governor Ritchie signed the measure in the reception rnnm nf the executive offices in the State House. The law became effective immediately. TWm-P nens of the Governor and pre siding Assembly officers had been affixed to a final printed copy of the bill as passed yesterday by both the House ri Sonata. William . uoray, jr. stnto frimntroller. had issued nine li censes to manufacturers and seven to wholesalers at a cost of $405.53 each Thnsf. will be eood until April 30. He also had collected SZB,338.a lor stoto evfiRe tax stamcs, which must hp affixed to bottles of fortified wines and liquors before they can be sold legally, and had contracted tor the oe-livery of approximately $200,000 worth of the stamps tomorrow. Printed To Meet Demand These stamDS were being printed as fast as demanded in the office of the Comntroller here. Nearly a dozen of the State tax machines which will be installed in all distilleries and whole salers' establishments already have been delivered. Thev are of the type furnished by the United States Government to business houses with great mailing output. (Continued on Page 6, Column 1 ) (Continued on Page 3, Column 4) Return Of John Barleycorn Finds Gotham Crowds Blase Times Square Throngs Refuses To Get Excited At News, But Millions Say "Here's How." Hotel Bars Jammed tBy the Associated Press New York, Dec. 5 John Barleycorn came back to Broadway tonight from his fourteen-year exile. The town had changed, so had he. He was not the bleary-eyed old man they drove into the wilderness fourteen years ago, but a restrained patriarch who realized apparently that his popularity depended on his decorum. Dusk was here when he came tearing across the country from Utah, but even then the multitudes had gathered at Times Square to welcome him. They watched the story unfold in the lights that tell the news on Broadway. There was no shouting, only the 'No Glasses, No Bottles,' Booms Al, Who Says He's Too Busy To Celebrate New York, Dec. 5 ,,(P) Alfred E. Smith spent a busy day today but it was not celebrating repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment. "I don't drink in the daytime, and I am not going to start today,1' Smith told a group of photographers. "No glasses, no bottles," Smith boomed in response to a suggestion he pose with a drink even if it were only ice water. "And I haven't any plans for a cele bration tonight." Things were different on April 7 when 3.2 beer became legal. A huge beer truck, drawn by six horses, pulled up in front of the building hous ing Smith's offices and a case was presented to him. U, S. PROCLAMATION SIGNED BY PHILLIPS Acting Secretary Formally Notifies Nation Of Repeal Of Prohibition LIBRARY WILL GET PEN Appeals Of Dry Leaders Fall On Deaf Ears In District Of Columbia Court usual noises the rumble of traffic, the clang and bustle of the street Ten thousand eyes were glued on Times Square's lights "Utah voting!" the sign flashed. A lull. The multitude shifted, swayed and sighed. "Prohibition is dead!" The lights flickered the flash. Th crowd whooped a few "hoorays." bu' it didn't roar. The let-down was obvious. It was all over but the shoutinc but the throng didn't shout it miller about and waited. Newsboys took up the peal "Pro (Continued on Page 4, Column 3) By DEWEY I.. FLEMING Washington Bureau of The Sun Washington, Dec. 5 Sitting beneath a large oil portrait of Chief Justice Charles E. Hughes and facing another of Bainbridge Colby, who announced the advent of national prohibition thirteen years ago, William Phillips, Acting Secretary of State, today put his signature to the official proclamation that the Twenty-first Amendment had been ratified by three-fourths of the States and that the Eighteenth Amendment was dead. The Acting Secretary used a service able but inelegant pen of the two-for-a-nickel variety which will go to the Congressional Library if officials there desire it and David Hunter Miller, State Department historian, is sure they will. ' Signing Customary The sijning took place in the diplo matic reception room of the State Department in the presence of a handful of department officials and a legion of photographers, radio men and newspaper correspondents. Although it was a procedure required by custom of the department, it had absolutely no effect upon the validity of the repeal imendment. Repeal, according to legal experts, lecarne effective at 5.32 P. M. (Eastern tandard lime), when Utah became thi hirty-sixth State to ratify, and liquoi aouM have flowed legally in wei liates from that moment regardless UTAH DEALS DEATHBLOW TO PROHIBITION Becomes Thirty-Sixth State Ilo Ratify Repeal-ing Amendment tBy the Associated Press Salt Lake City, Dec. 5 Utah today added the thirty-sixth ratification to the Twenty-first Amendment and thereby terminated Federal prohibition throughout the nation. Final action came at 3.31 P. M (mountain standard time), when Sam D. Thurman, Salt Lake City, one of the leaders of the repeal campaign in this State, cast the twenty-first vote on a roll call of the State convention after having called attention to the fact his vote would place the Twenty first Amendment into effect, thereby repealing the Eighteenth. Cheers Delay Announcement Prolonged cheering by delegates and guests who taxed the limited seatipg capacity of the chamber of the House of Representatives in the Utah State Cgpitol, interrupted proceedings and it was not until 3.32.30 o'clock that Ray L. Olson, Ogden, president of the con vention, formally announced ratifica. tion had been effected. Meeting at noon today, the conven tion was torn between a program calling for a lengthy recess and final action this evening and immediate ratification. Insistence of Eastern States and a feeling among delegates. as expressed by Mr. OlSon afterward, that Utah "owed it to the rest of the country to act without delay" finally won, however, and the recess was limited to an hour, and at 2.48 P. M the convention resumed its delibera tions prepared to carry them to a cilmax. Wet Leader Made President Organization of the convention had been affected prior to the recess with election of Mr. Olson, head of the repeal campaign in Utah, as president; Clarence Bamberger, Salt Lake City State commander of the Crusaders, vice-president, and Mrs. Paul F. Key ser. Salt Lake City, director of the women's repeal organization, secre tary. Adoption of the routine report of the credentials committee was followed by an address by Franklin Riter. chairman of the Utah League for Prohibition Repeal and head of the resolutions committee. He read the committee's report which incorporated the language of the Twenty-first Amendment the Congressional resolution submitting it and recited the action of the Utah Legislature, in bring- ng it to a vote of the people, and a csult of that vote. The delegates and spectators sat at-entively through the reading of the lengthy report awaiting the conven- PRESIDENT PROCLAIMS REPEAL EFFECTIVE AFTER UTAH CASTS FINAL VOTE Thirty-Sixth State Acts At 5.33 P. M.f And Seven Minutes Later Phillips Certifies Ratification Of 21st Amendment ROOSEVELT URGES PEOPLE TO BAR RETURN OF SALOON (Continued on Page 2, Column 5) (Continued en Page 4, Column 6) Pennsylvania And Ohio Clear Way News, Greeted By Nation-Wide Demonstration- Great Experiment Lasted 13 Years, 10 Months And 19 Days' By J. F. ESSARY Washington, Dec. 5 National prohibition, as ordained by constitutional enactment, came to an end in this country at 5.33 o'clock this afternoon (Baltimore time). Thus ended the great experiment after 13 years, 10 months, 19 days, 17 hours, 27 minutes and 30 seconds. At that hour Utah east the vote of the thirty-sixth State for ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment, thereby erasing the Eighteenth Amendment from the 'organic law of the land. A few hours earlier Pennsylvania and Ohio, in order, recorded their decision and rushed official notification of that fact to the Department of .State by the swiftest means at their command. PHILLIPS CERTIFIES RATIFICATION William Phillips, Acting Secretary of State, was advised by the Utah convention of its action three minutes after the vote was counted. At 40V2 minutes after 5 o'clock he affixed his signature to the State Department's formal' certification that the Twenty-first Amendment had been ratified. Turning from the paper before him, while the ink upon it was still wet, Mr. Phillips reached for a telephone to advise officially President Roosevelt of the fact that ratification had been. consummated. PRESIDENT PROCLAIMS REPEAL ' The President, on his part, issued a proclamation to the effect that the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution had been repealed and that emergency taxes of $220,000,000, -with which to service the public works expenditures, were automatically blotted from the statute books. In the course of this proclamation, the President went a step farther. He spread before the country his sentiments on the question of temperance and called upon the American people to exercise restraint in the use of alcoholic beverages. CALLS FOR BAR ON SALOON The President admonished the people to cooperate with the Government "to restore greater respect for law and order"; he called upon the people to use only liquor that has passed Federal inspection in order that illicit manufacture and sale may be broken up, and he reminded the people that transportation of liquor into dry territory is still prohibited. He spoke of his own revolt at the "repugnant conditions" which came in the wake of the Eighteenth Amendment, and he pleaded with the States not to authorize the return of the saloon "either in its old form or in some modern guise." PROCLAMATION HELD UNIQUE No document comparable to this, so far as could be recalled, was ever issued by a President of the United States. It is true that no occasion similar to this had ever arisen, but to preach what amounts to a temperance and law-enforcement sermon to the country in a formal Presidential proclamation is more than a mere incident in official life. And in denouncing the saloon the President has not hesitated to fly in the face of action already taken by more than one. State. The saloon or the "tavern" has been authorized in several of the State enforcement codes and has been proposed in still others. While these official functions were being enacted in Washington the word that the prohibition experiment had been abandoned was flashed to the four corners of the country, if not also the four corners of the earth. NATION-WIDE CELEBRATIONS HELD And in communities from coast to coast the brief bulletin that Utah had cast the decisive ballot was a signal for demonstrations reminiscent of the signing of the Armistice on a November day fifteen years ago. Sirens were sounded on land and sea. Bell were rung. Ia

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