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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER. OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 107 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily New» Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVF V, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JULY 25, 1953 EIGHT PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Speedy Okay On Food Aid Farm Surplus Bill Due for Quick Action WASHINGTON (AP) — Leaders expected the Senat- to give quick approval today to a 100-million-dollar func which President Eisenhower could use to send surplus farrr commodities overseas for famine relief. C W. Tobey, Fiery Solon Succumbs He Read Bible To U.S. Hoods WASHINGTON (AP) — A blood clot in his heart took the life of Sen. Charles W. Tobey, the fiery New Hampshire Republican who used a ready store of Bible quotations to fight crime or anything else he opposed. Last night, just two days after bis 73rd birthday, Tobey died at the nearby Bethesda (Md.) Naval Hospital of coronary thrombosis. He had suffered an attack in his office yesterday afternoon. "There will never be another Sen. Tobey,' said Sen. Kefauver (D-Tenn), who headed the Crime Investigating Committee on which Tobey served "His outstanding contribution on the committee will be remembered around the nation," Kefauver added. "People always responded to liim after his stern lectures." The death wipes out the Republican majoritj in the Senate, but New Hampshire's Gov. Hugh Gregg a Republican, is expected to name a Republican to fill the vacancy. The Senate lineup now stands: 47 Republicans, 47 Democrats and one Independent. Wayne Morse of Oregon. Trademark I Tobey's grc-en eyeshade, to pro- , tect him against the glare of television lights—and his Way of dressing down accused racketeers with words from the Bible and the classics—were almost a trademark of the Kefauver Committee's 1951 investigations The committee dug into big-time gambling, underworld alliances and vice conditions in cities from coast to coast. Tobey, who said the probe showed racketeering was a "national disease," once interrupted 1 a hearing t o plead, with tears streaming down his face, for a return to religion. But the peppery senator could bo harsh if he felt the occasion demanded. He once told a railroad executive to "cut out the bunk" and another time denounced "fat and sleek lobbyists with round heads and round bottoms. Or he could shut off an acrimonious exchange between his colleagues with an out-of-this-world • Question, as he did once in a debate over price controls by demanding: "Who killed cock robin?" He insisted on voting his own convictions, regardless of his party's stand. He explained it this way: "When party unit is brought about at the expense of one's convictions, one has no recourse but to express his convictions for what influence they may generate". When the Republicans took over control of Congress this year, Tobey continued his crime-busting in- vettigations as head of a commerce subcommittee looking into waterfront racketeering. The group held extensive hearings on the situation on the New York-New Jersey waterfront and Tobey was planning to broaden its scope to other big port cities. + Acting Republican Leader Know land of California said he would call the measure up during the unusual Saturday session (9 a. m EST). 'I know of no opposition," said Chairman Aiken (E-Vt) of the Senate Agriculture Committee which gave unanimous approval to the proposal yesterday. A separate measure to set up a SOii-million-dollar fund to sell farm surpluses for foreign currencies a.'so was approved by the Senate farm group yesterday. Aiken said this program would be considered later. Changes Made As the tamine assistance mea- su-e reached the Senate, it had been trimmed down on some features and broadened on others compared with the President's request of June 30. Eisenhower first asked two-year authority to aive or sell to "friendly nations" any government-., ndf 4,n,0nb c9.modioies. Dubious mm b lawmakers said that could cover from three to fiv ebillion dollars worth of farm commodities. In addition to fixing a limit of ly nations" any government-held suiplus farm commodities. Dubious lawmakers said that could cover from three to five billion dollars v/oith of farm commodities. In addition to fixing a limit of 100 million dollars on the experiment, senators also limited the time to next .March 15. That would allow the program to operate while Congress is out of session from this fall until next January. Eisenhower's recent surprise offer of 15 million dollars worth of food to hungry East Germans who had rioted against Communist rule, won congressional applause. The Reds rejected the offer, but it Btifl stands and some of the food already is available in West Berlin. wife, the former Mrs. Lillian Crompton, was with him when he died. There was no Immediate word . as to funeral arrangements. His other survivors include four children—Russell, harles, Mrs. T, A Munsen ol Rochester, N. Y., Ing Dean of Wash- «r,d Mrs. Sleil ington, D. C. Tobey, born July 22, 1880, at Roxbury, Mass., was married three times. His four children were born of his first marriage, on June 2, 1902, to Prancella .M. Lovett of Boston. She died in August 1947. On May 26 ,1948, Tobey married Mrs. Loretta Capell Radenhorst of Washington, D. C.. widow and retired school teacher with three cons H's second wile died In 1951, and h? married thn former Mrs. Crompton, widow nt a Philadelphia icath- «M TOBEI w FM* I No Investigation Of Accident Eyewitness Reports Term Floodway Crash Unavoidable There will be no routine investigation into the death of Alford Bacon, who was killed in a motor boat accident on the Big Lake floodway Sunday, Sheriff W. M. Berryman reported today. In what was termed an unavoidable accident, Mr. Bacon received serious head injuries which Thursday proved fatal. Eyewitness reports to Manila Deputy Sheriff Lee Baker have it that no racing was involved in the collision of the two boats. Kites Today Deputy Baker said investigation revealed the boat in which Mr. Ba- THESE LEGS ARE ONE-DIMENSIONAL? — Rita Stazi, Miss Italy in the recent Miss Universe contest, was quoted on arrival in Rome as having this to say about Christiane Martel (left) of Prance, the winner: "Why, she has no legs ... I mean she has no ankles — her legs are one dimensional." 'Miss Martel, now at Universal- International studio where she has a movie contract, said, "I do not understand — the judges picked me as Miss Universe and I guess I am." But Myrna Hansen (right) of Chicago, Miss U.S.A., who finished second, said she thought Miss Stazi ought to show "a little more sportsmanship." (AP Wirephoto) Senate Committee Toils on Money Bill McCarthy Promises'Fight * Which May SBow Progress By G. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON (AP) — Meeting behind closed doors, he Senate Appropriations Committee sought today to cut hrough bitter controversies and agree on terms of mult.i- lillion-dollar money bills — among the last major hurdles to djournment of Congress next Friday. The promise of a fight from Sen. hower for permission to Armistice in Korea Now Appears But Hours Away Attack by 3,500 Red Chinese Is Repulsed By GEOItGE A. McARTHUK SEOUL (AP) — American Marines defending three hill positions beat off 3,500 attacking Chinese today northeast of Panmunjom, where Allied and Red negotiators put the finishing touches on a Korean armistice. McCarthy (R-Wis) on two of the u g e appropriations measures , c ed question whether the 23- icmber group could eet it sP miounced goal—agreement by ghtfall, to permit the start of '•mte debate on the bills next 'ednesday. Befor The promise of a fight from Sen. IcCarthy (KWis) on two of the u g e appropriations measures aised question whether the 23- •mber group could meet its nnounced goal—agrement by to permit the start of "nate debate on the bills next 'ednesday. tJefore the committee were: 1. The House-passed $4,432,618,0 foreign aid appropriation, hich the Eisenhower administra riding and which was pi- cn has demanded should be loted by J. B. Bro\Vn, was approaching a floodway boatdock when they met Rice Johnson's boat, which had just left the dock. Both men, seeking to let the other pass, pulled their craft to the same side of the floodway ditch and collided, Deputy Baker reported. Services for Mr. Bacon were conducted at Manila Methodist Church this morning by .the Rev. Lee Gate. Burial was to he in Manila Cemetery with Howard Funeral Home in charge. Prospects At Big Lake Brighter Sportsmen Jn this area had cause for rising- spirits this morning as boosted to about five bilions and some senators say should be cut a billion. 2. A House-approved "catch-all" supplemental appropriations measure carrying among other things, mi lions for the government's information-propaganda program, which McCarthy contends should get "not one cent" unless he gets asuratices of a "house cleaning." Drought Loans Also hanging fire were an llth hour bill passed by the House yesterday to put up 150 million dollars for emergency loans and other steps to relieve drought- sU*cken areas of the nation, and a request fiom President Eisen- Colonel Hayes Changes Jobs use 200 millions of Korean War funds for rehabilitation of South Korea after a truce. There was talk of hitching one or both of these onto the catch-all bill as amendments, a time-saving device in the rush toward the windup of Congress The supplemental measure, as the House approved it, would provide just S16B.155.584 of the $1,069,- 99fi,084 the administration had requested to run the information- propaganda activity and a wide variety of other programs in the curient fiscal year. Some committee members predicted privately it wil be increased sharply ments. by committee amend- McCarthy and Sen. Fulbright iD-Ark) squared off in some angry exchanges in yesterday's See SENATE on Page 8 A Chinese regiment hit three Western Front outposts in furious assaults in drizzling rain that quickly carried into Marine trenches, the U. S. 8th Army said. One outpost—Esther—was lost in j a bitter hand-to-hand fight, but was •ecaptured b y counterattacking Leathernecks The Chinese kept up the battle, lowever, and were putting on pressure hours after the battle started, ,ne Army said. CJ. S. 5th Air Force planes flew more than 30C millions through the iloimy weather, dumping bomb ,oads with electronic and radar sights. Ten Downed The Air Force said 10 Allied planes went down In Communist erritory during the \veek ended 'riday. Two were Sabre jets lost n air combat with Red fighters, ieven planes—three Thunderjets. wo Panther jets, two Sabres — vere downed by ground fire, and me Sabre was lost to unexplained causes the Air Force reported. The 8th Army said numerous pa- roi and probing contacts flared across the muddied battlefront. The biggest Red thrust hit the Marines on the Western Front. Associated Press Correspondent V.rrest Edwards said Red losses were heavy. Th* Comttiiinists heralded their .- 'je*^k with artillery and rare-used Russian-type Katusha rockets. The explosions could be heard at nearby Panmunjjm, where Allied and Communist truce officers ironed out final details of the armistice. Marines Hard Hit Marine losses were not disclosed but ambulances carrying casualties rumbled along soggy roads to hos- piutls. Edwards reported the Chinese and Marines came to grips See WAR on Page 8 in Ex-Jap Officer, Now a Priest, To Speak Here A former World War n Japanese army officer who was converted to Christianity and became an Episcopal priest will deliver the sermons at services in Mississippi County's two Episcopal churches tomorrow. Dean Ogawa of St. Paul's University in Tokyo will be guest preacher at the 1 a.m. service at St. Stephen's Episcopal Church here and at the 5 p.m. service at Calvary Episcopal Church In Osccola. The Rev. Mr. Ogawa was the Japanese officer who released Bishop Wilson of Singapore and saved the Episcopal church's property in that city. He later became converted and entered the ministry. A charter member of the Brotherhood of St. Andrew.;, a men's group within h . ve ,,„„.. fm . nd the church, and a director of it in ! " t , ™ touna Japan, he is dean " r ~'" J —'- ' War of Three Years to Halt By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM (AP) — Military personnel heading for Korea from Japan were ordered to give up arms and ammunition at Tokyo's Tachikawa Airport tonight amid mounting reports that a Korean truce may be signed within a matter of hours. Cotton Flea Hoppers Found Here Bilbrey Urges Close Checks, Spraying Now North Mississippi County Agent Keith J. Bilbrey today said a "new and heavy" infestation of cotton flea hoppers has been found in fields north of Blytheville and that all fields east of Big Lake may be similarly infested. He strongly urged all farmers to check their cotton for signs of hoppers and said he thinks an application of toxa- phene now will destroy them. Heavy infestations of the hoppers n about nine out 10 of the 10,000-12,000 acres he St. Paul's University and head of Saints Church in Tokyo. Both services will be open to the public. inspected in the past few days, + An important announcement expected from Gen. Mark Clark's Tokyo headquarters was delayed at the last minute without explanation. There was no hint as to what the announcement would be, but Clark might announce the time for signing an armistice halting more than three yoars of bloodshed. Allied and Communist liaison officers met five times at Pan- munjom today were reported to have wrapped up final details of a truce and completed plans for the signing ceremonies. Exact arrangements for the sign- j? were top secret but informed quarters indicated original plans for the top military commanders of both sides to appear at Pan- munjom have been changed and the truce negotiators will sign instead. There was no explanation for the order banning arms and anmuni- tion aboard Korea-bound planes, but it was an order which would be given if a cease fire had been :greed upon The order came from the commander of the 374th Troop Carrier Wing and presumably came from higher up. Revised plans for the truce sign- ig reportedly call for the senior armistice negotiators — Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr., for the U. N. Command and North Korean Ocn Nam II for the Communists— to sign the truce and put it into R. B. Stout Rated Top Candidate For State Legion Commander A former Blytheville resident is, tevnoon and will hold considered most likely to be elect- night. ed state commander of the American Legion at the orgnninztion's annual convention in Little Rock. He is R. B. (Skeet) Stout, a liquor salesman who resided here for many years before moving to Little Rock three or four years ago and whose sales territory still brings him to Blytheville frequently. Mr. Stout, who was active in Le;ion affairs here, will be opposed in tomorrow's election by Keith Tudor, Arkadelphia publisher: G a dance to- "I don't want to cause undue alarm," he snid, "but if I had any' cotton, I'd be out In the field in the next couple of days looking for signs of hoppers." He stressed that farmers should look for "exceedingly small — j matchhead size — squares that j , l are dying or have dropped off i'" 1 ", limbs where the squares should j be." Key to locating hoppers Is the matchhead size squares, he pointed out. The squares should force. It would halt the fighting within 12 hours. The top military commanders— Gen. Mark Clark, North Korean Marshal Kim II Sung and Chinese Gen. Peng Teh-huai—would sign at their respective headquarters. | No reason was given for'the reported change in plans, but Korean .ources said Friday Kim might not Panmunjom. which could account for the reported change in arrangements. Authoritative sources both in Ko- forming i rea . ancl ' n Washington agreed the The delegates were told yester- lor war veterans. They also were urged to wage Bilbrey repeatedly stressed battle"— not only against Commu- ; " lat farmers must look closely at Knee. nism — but agninst "all enemies of I terminals of the cotton plants and the liberal traditions of liberty, [ a '- ^ e ^ase °^ leaves for thc=e reason nnd con.scionce.' Dr. I. B. Brick of Washington expressed optimism over retention of veterans' benefits. The Ameri- M. (Jerry) LeMarr, Fayetlevillc j cnn Medical Association has asked fold: insurance man; and Abe Davidson! Congress to eliminate free hospit- of Ma: -ell. . I aliaztion (or veterans' non-service Today, the legionnaires were' connected ailments, except in tu- iiRuropsychiatric and conducting a heated campaign pri-; ben or to the election which will close the convention. Dr. Garland D neurological cases. Dr. Brick sain he believed the Murphy, Jr., of El Dorado, present House Veterans Committee favors is not seeking ; ch;in»inji the In v only to require state commander, re-eiection. The department paraded down! to pay lor I Little Rock's Main Street this at- treatment. scars of dying squares. Si^ns of Hoppers Other and easier to find signs of cotton flea hopper damage are two- or some new disruptive move by South Korean President Syngman Clark Has OK Washington sources said Friday •••—•• given 1) Holes in the leaves in the top, partially-grown leaves are found in a variety of sizes, These holes are not the damage done by the hop-! per, he emphasiezd, but only a' sign the insects are present. 21 Tiny blanched spots on the leaves where the chiorophyl is ; vetenui.s who are financially able gone. non-service connected . The holes and brownish spots are i See COTTON on I'aRe 8 Briton Sees Bright Industrial Future for Dixie prospects for saving hunting and j WASHINGTON (fi-u. Col. Joe fishing spots in the new bar pit ' A. Clem was named the new U. S. area appeared brighter. Two of the three members of the Board of Directors of Drainage District No. 17, today were reported agreeable to the idea of leaving ft plug in the new bar pit when drainage of the pit into the floodway gets under way next week, according to T. P. (Doc) Dean, chairman of a committee of sportsmen named at a meeting here Thursday night. E M. Regenold and C. C. Langston, members of the board, Indicated today that they would not ob- lect to leaving the plug to permit ,hc State Game and Fish Commission more time to build requested lou'-w.itcr dams In the area of It* iroport.y !n order to maintain the Decent low-level itt(t ot wil«r. district engineer at Little Rock yesterday, succeeding Col. Thomas J. Hayes, who .has been named district engineer at Omaha. Clema was appointed by MaJ. Gen. Samuel D. Sturgis .Jr., chief of engineers. He has* been area engineer at Barksdale, La., Air Force Base. A j native of Steinauer, Neb., and a graduate of the University of Nebraska, Clema was a civilian engineer before entering active service with the Army in 1940. He served with the 2nd Armored Division during World War II, participating in campaigns in North Africa, Sicily, France and Germany. He also has served aa ex- ecutlvco fflcer of the Oalveston District and In 1950 he went to Korea RS construction engineer and assistant chief of st..f. for operations of the 2nd Logistical Com- mind. The Blytheville area and the South in general appear to have a "great future" for potential industrial development, a British industrial consultant opined yesterday during an afternoon break from his job here of installing new training methods for Elce-Stix's clothing factory. Geoffrey Ladhams' home is London. England, but he spends very little time there in a job which keeps him constantly traveling to and from industrial centers of the world. Specifically, his work—and that of a team of five who call him "boss"—consists of training machinery operators for the jobs for which they are best euitfd. and teaching them to operate it peak proficiency. Mr. Ladhams admits that there is much more to his job than that, preferring to call it "Increased productivity through development of Individual skills and use ol special training aparatus and exercises." Which may bring to mind the American efficiency expert, but shouldn't. "It's not that at all," Mr. Ladhams says in a voice that lies somewhere between the stereotyped, "clipped British accent" and a soft South-Southeasterly dawl. "And, besides, I don't like the word efficiency." But whether he llkns the word or not, that's what he deals in. Actually, he points out, he loesn't have the same problem of ser.ur- Inf employ* oooperitlon Out urn* Geoffrey Ladhams . a Briton In Rlythcvlllc . efficiency experts would, bernusp, work per m.irhine, the worker acts In the nmchlncry-oppraln- line, more money per hour, nnd Mr. Increased production mean* high- Lndh.ims gels the consultant's Ice tr wigei. Th« company gets more —leaving everyone happy. While his work falls under the general classification of personnel consultant, Ladhams knows ol no other firm or group of consultants in exactly the same line of work. It seems there's much in common among industrial machinery for a wide variety of uses. Mr. Ladhams can, and oas. increased production in factories ranging from a manufacture of penicillin to candy, shoes to hois- ery, and pharmacueticals 10 pajamas. "For a long time we just showed an operator a machine and said, 'There It is. sit down and run It'," he said. "It was like placing one in front of a piano and saying, 'play.' It's only natural that, by taking a little time and giving exercises designed to develop the operator's particular skills, a better job ot operating the machinery can be achieved." Asked if his method of [raining doesn't closely parallel production step-up methods developed during wartime to speed up anything and everything done with a machine. Mr. Ladhams quickly assures questioners that his training method was a direct outgrowth of speed-up methods instituted In Europe during that period. "Placement and development are the keynotes of our method," Mr. Latihams said. Much ot his work Is done in nowly-installed plants, whore, \vorkerfi ave selected for Job.s according to abilities they display. President Eisenhower had Clark final authority as U. N. corns mander to sign the truce ag nient. Secretary ot State Dulles was noncommittal when asked about prospects of an early truce. He told newsmen as he left 'White House conference that he •.vns "neither optimistic nor pessi- m'Scic." And when newsmen asked :1 he could enlighten them on the i prospects of a truce signing over the "weekend he replied: "I'd like a little enlightenment myself." President Rhee, who warned bluntly Friday that some Allied agreement with the Communists ; cannot be allowed to happen," voiced no further threats as the signing deadline approached. At United Nations headquarters ( in New Vors, General Assembly j President Lester B. Pearson of j Canada said he would act witWn 2-i hours of an armistice to call the Assembly into session. Pearson said he had reason to believe a truce would be signed in rhe next day or two. Fast Pace Truce officers here worked at feverish pace on the final details ot a cease-fiie. There were reports that plans for exchanging nearly 100.000 prison- Se TRUCK on Page 8 Weatk uer ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy this j afternoon, tonight and Sunday. j Scattered thundershowers Sunday j and in west portion tonight. No important temperature changes. MISSOURI — Pair tonight and Si day; little change in temperature; low tonight 70-75; high Sunday in 90's. Maximum yesiordrvy—92. Minimum yesterday morninc—68 Sunset toclny~7:08. Sunrl.setomorrow—5;Q6, Prc-clp. last 24 hours to 6;30 p.m yca- terrifty—none. Mean temperature (mtdwt\y between iRh nnd low)—HO. Prrclp. Jrtn 1 to data—32 21. This Hair Last Yc!>r Minimum this morning—63, Mnxfirmm yeaterdny—j>fl. Preclp Jan, I to dRte—KS.**.