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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. 3CLIX—NO. 108 Blythevllle Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Vall»y lam* Blythevllle Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of HORTOTAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JULY 23, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS New Riots Flare In E. Germany Uranium Miners Rise in Protest By DON DOANE BERLIN (AP) — New riots in the Soviet-run uranium (nines of East Germany were reported today as a fresh wave of arrests by Communist police spread over the rebellious Russian zone. 1 + The U.S. High Commission news paper Neue Zeitung said troops o! F 1 ' ne E ast Germ:v "peoples' army 1 XOfl*lTrtr have been rush ed into the Brz •JVlKlliwI Gebirge uranium mining area. along the Czech border to put down the miners' new uprising. The paper said 200 miners have been arrested this week for "open rioting." They were demanding re lease of 1,200 comrades arrested in the big anti-Communist revolt June 17. Schwarzenherg and Johanngeorgenstadt, two mining towns between Aue and the Czech border, were named as the main trouble centers. This area produces rich uranium ore used by Russia to make atom bombs. A new campaign or terror swept through the Communist zone police and courts combined in concerted drive to suppress the danger of a new mass revolt. Refugees fleeing to West Berlin :old of night raids by police into hundreds of homes and mass roundups of suspected trouble makers in many cities. They said the wave of arrests began Tuesday. "Bed Hilde" Benjamin, the new ustice minister, was busily carry- n out her announced program of cracking down on strikers through the court system she heads. Hundreds of people acquitted and re- eased after the June 17 revolt vere reported rearrested. Others who got off with light sentences lave had their cases reopened for an Increase of penalties. Many Justice Ministry workers J/ere reported fired—and some ar- ested—tor dealing too gently with lot participants. Police joined civilians in fleeing efore the wave of Communist engeance. Twenty-one members f the Communist "peoples' police" ... , . nd 5( >2 other refugees, ncludng bank s proposal. It would give the East Gnnan Constructon Mini,Air Force mcney to buy 200 add • • On AF Funds Maybank Says Vote To Be Close By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Maybank (D-SC) predicted today "the vote will be close" on his proposal to give the Air Force an extra 400 million dollars for jet bombers •— an issue senators on both sides agreed would .be a test of Senate strength on the administration's defense budget. Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich), floor fnanager for the 34'i billion dollar military money bill, voiced confidence Maytyank's move would be beaten. A small group of Democrats is mctively fighting to increase the new funds for the Air Force, cut by more than five billion dollars by the Eisenhower administration from the budget recommendations of former President Truman. "If they pass that one, the gate Is open," said Sen. Russell Long 1 (D-La), who is opposed to May tional B47 jet bombers, capable delivering atomic bombs. 12 Hours of Work Numerous other amendment were pending When the Senate after 12 hours of steady work, re cessed overnight. Republican leat crs had hoped to finish work o the bill last night but finally gav up the effort. A roaring dispute over whethe areas of high unemploymen ehould be given preference in th award of defense contracts, as the, have been in the past, took mos of the time and energy. Maybank, in the Senate Appro priations Committee, attached ; rider to the defense measure ti ban the practice. Sen. Saltonstall (R-Mass), chair rnan of the Senate Armed Services Committee, led the effort to kil the rider but lost, 62-25. The lanky New Englander, from an area with a high unemploymen problem, argued that this had been a government policy for severa years. He said President Eisen hower, during his campaign pledged its continuance in New England. Program Attacked Sen. Knowland (R-Calif), plaining he was not speaking for the administration or as acting majority leader .assailed the aware of defense contracts on such basis. He said it was the same as pushing business and industry for low bids and then telling those in surplus labor areas:: "Take a peek at this bid and if you cnn match it, we will give you the bid." Sen. George (D-Oa) assailed use of defense, contracts for unemployment relief as certain to lead to favoritism and then to corruption. W.B.Nicholson Heads School Administrators W. B. Nicholson, superintendent Df Blytheville schools, was elected president of the Arkansas School Administrators Association yesterday when that organization opened a two-day conference In Little Rock. He succeeds A. L. Whltten of Marlanna, who resigned because of the press of duties as president of the Arkansas Education Association. Elected vice president was O. A. Stubblefleld, superintendent of El Dorado schools. He succeeds Loyal Norman ol Searcy. Approximately 300 school officials are attending the annual conference. Returns from Korea Sgt. George T. Blaylock of Blythe- vllle was one of 2fi Arkansas servicemen scheduled to arrive at Seattle yesterday Aboard the Navy transport Gen. C. C. Ballou on rotation leave from Korea. lice yesterday lum. ind asked for po NEGRO RECREATION AREA — The city and Fair Association has completed installation of the equipment for the Negro recreation section of Walker Park. Posing for their picture •while inspecting the new facilities are (left to right) Lee Wilson, Douglas Lewis, James Wil- son, Robert Wilburn and E. P. Franklin, Jr. This area is located on the south and southwest side of the park with an entrance on Dougan Avenue. There is plenty of room for games, picnics, or just loafing. (Courier News Photo) British Unconvinced Malenkov Real Boss By ARTHUR GAVSHON Armistice Plans Are Taking Shape Officers Hammer Out Final Details By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM, Friday (AP) — The Allies and Communists seemed on the threshold of a Korean armistice today Pvon nc T?n/^ fhJno'c? Pnininrr i-ii-lirt lun.-nnj^ 4-Un4- •,,,-,.-, ,,,,,^ ,J even as Red China's Peiping radio warned that renewed South Korean opposition has thrown the cease-fire "in great danger." LONDON (AP) — Leaders of Britain's government were reported far from convinced oday that Premier Georgi M. Malenkov wields total power in the Soviet Union. Qualified informants said Prime Minister Churchill and his colleagues, on the basis f their own information from Moscow, would not be surprised if changes even more dra- ..„_ ^, uoo , u natic than the purging of Lavrenty P. Beria take place in the Russian hierarchy, and within »°ns said staff and he foreseeable future. 13 Missco Men Are Inducted Next Draft Call Set for Aug. 19; 11 Slated to Leave Mississippi County Draft Boan No. 47 sent 13 men today for in duction into the Armed Forces, ac cording to Miss Rosa Saliba, sec retary. Of the 10 men called, nine were sent, with one failing to report Three men were transferred tc other boards, two reported for ex animation, and two reported tha failed to appear previously. The next call for induction wil be for 11 men Aug. 19. Those leaving today were: Reginald Eugene Koonce, Richard O'Neal Dedman, Charles Edward Booker, Howard Stanley Ingram and Ernest Franklin Shelton all of Blytheville; Jimmy Dale Berry and Billy Gene Denton, both of Manila; Robert Hayes Rakestraw and J. B. Holder, both of Osceola- Charles Kesley Jones, Leachville- William Braxton Gill, Dell; Travis Wallace, Lepanto; Jimmie Wil Jacks, Hayti. Failing to report was George Thomas Slaughter of Bakersfield Strip of Paving North Second To Be Widened Plans for widening North Second Street In front of the Legion Hut e announced today by bud Caon Post officials. The Legion and the city will split le cost of widening the street from he Nu-Wa Cleaners to the alley lorth of the Hut. Post officials also are making Jans to co-sponsor a program of acred songs to be given at the First Methodist Church July 30 by enter- ainers who have been appearing at eterans hospitals throughout the ountvy. Post Commander Marshall Black- rd also announced today ccmmit- ee chairman appointments for the oming year. These include: Buck 'an Cleve, membership; Emll Damon, house; Oscar Pendler, legal; oe Evans finance; Ed Rice, public elations; Jim Stovall, service and hild welfare; Speck McGregor, thletlcs; Paul Mahon, Amerlcan- m Jim Hardln, entertainment; harles Lipford, post religious al- Irs; Kenneth Richardsnn; Boy emits; Oaylord Lewis, visiting; eorge Qlsh, building; Floyd A. Mite, ways and means; and H. O. artlow, post judge advocate. Top Brass in Camp Meeting Session Admirals, Generals, Defense Chiefs Will Compete in Sports and Ta!k By ELTON C. 1?AY .-, .QUANTinO M.ATjffciF. RASE^H/iftPr-ty The-.i.sin*wji>i run the miiitaYy — more than 100 'civilians; general and admirals — begin tonight a camp-meeting-style conference. During the next three days they*. _ will live together, join in sports and talk serious business about American defenses, the Korean War and the Russian military menace. On Saturday they will be joined by President Eisenhower. Secretary of Defense Wilson summoned all the top policy and administrative officials of the vast Defense Department to the meetings, to run through Sunday morning. Invited, loo. were chiefs o f other agencies whose work involves defense matters. Among those who have accepted his invitation are Vice President Nixon, Budget Director Joseph M. Dodge, Secretary of the treasury Humphrey, Defense Mobilizer Arthur S. Flemming, Under Secretary of State Walter Bedell Smith, Atty. Gen. Brownell, Chairman Lewis Strauss of the Atomic Inergy Commission and Director Allen W. Dulles of the Central In- relligence Agency. The outgoing and incoming members of the. Joint Chiefs of Staff will be present, with Qen. Omar Bradley, the present chairman, and Adm. Arthur Radford, the designated chairman, scheduled to make alks as part of the formal pre- ientations by the Defense Department and each of the three armed ervices. Wilson keynotes the meeting in an opening address at a dinner onight. He has told friends in discussing the sessions here that: 'This is a good way. of achieving unification and cooperation; it's letter than a directive." It Is Wilson's hope that each of he officials—many, like himself, ew to the Pentagon and military natters—will get to know the oth- rs on . a first-name basis. So the nvitation that went out empha- Ized the Informality of the occa- ion, saying: No Formal Altire "Comfort rather than appearance '111 be the rule, and none of the ctlvltes wil call for formal at- ire. It is hoped, not only in he interest of getting some whole- ome exercise and fun but also in ecoming better acquainted with ic other men who will be present, hat you will participate In the arlous activities and friendly com- etitlons which are arranged for." Wilson, himself a golfer, has set > a tournament, with handicaps. But behind the social aspect of le Quantlco conference looms the eeply serious matters which mill- »ry men must consider. Here Wilson will have opportun- y to explain directly to the gen- ral, and admirals how he thinks he national defense system can e maintained and even built up 1th a reduced military budget. Bell Witness Claims Ceiling Will Hurl AT&T Loss of Investments Would Cut Growth, Merrill Testifies By LEON HATCH LITTLE RUCK Wl — A witness for Southwestern Bell Telephone ! o., said today that to place an arbitrary ceiling on earnings per share of stock of the American Telephone and Telegraph Co., would seriously jeapordlze financial position of AT&T. The statement was made by Eugene S. Merrill, executive vice president of Standard Rearch Associates, as the Arkansas Public Service Commission resumed its much-reeesseu hearing on Southwestern Bell s application for intra. state permanent rate increases totaling $3,850,000 a year. AT&T's firancial condition figures in the nearing since that company owns all .the common stock in the Bell companies. Recalls Recommendation Merrill recalled that S. Lloyd Nemeyer of Chicago, a witness for the commission, had recommended that earnings of AT&T be held to not more than 12 dollars a share. If this had been true since 1920, Merrill said. AT&T long ago would have been forced to abandon Its traditional S9-per-share dividends. If It had done this, said Merrill, it would have lost the confidence of the investing public and could not have obtained funds to finance necessary oxpansion. A surplus of earnings in good business years is necessary to help pay the dividends in bad years, Merrill testified. ' Merrill said that AT&T earnings poorest five years to $15.25 during per share ranged from an average of $6.41 during the company's its best five years. Merrill said that Arkansas rale layers of Southwestern Bell have Benefited tlnough the tlcup between Southwestern . Bell and AT&T. He said he doubted that Southwestern Bell could have, obtained necessary capital to expand Its 'acuities In Arkansas If It had been 'orced to "go it alone." In any case he added, the rate myed on borrowed money would have been much higher on an nrteponrtent hasis Ihnn the money obtained /rom AT&T. •fr Government spokesmen did not express these views officially. But the private opinions were given considerable support by Acting Prime Minister R. A. Butler's statements to Parliament yester day. Opening a loreign affairs debate In the House of Commons, Butler explained the Western Allies had proposed a Big Four foreign ministers meeting on Germany and Austria even though they "might await further and perhaps even mere sensationa'l events behind the J^JW^tirtaln, and above all wait tj?' 7 **: who are likely to remain the real repositories of power in Moscow with whom we will have to negotiate ' No Parley Soon Uncertainties about the Soviets according to Butler, led the British to shelve for the time being Churchill's p.oposal for a top-level parley between the Russians and the West. Within the context of this thinking, British officials today pondered the meaning of: 1. The apparent failure of three high leaders of the Red army to attend an important meeting of Russian military men in Moscow last week. 2. The sudden eight-day post ponement of the meeting of In Soviet Union's parliament, the 6u preme Sovier. which had been last week for July 28 and now ha. been put off to Aug. 5. The Moscow meeting of the Red army bosses was called to hear denunciations of Beria, the deposed police chief formerly considerec No. 2 man to Malenkov. British officials noted that the absentees included, one of the 1 two deputy ministers of defense, Mar- There were persistent reports here that the historic document ending three years of fighting could be signed within 72 hours. The reports lacked official confir- nation, however. Red North Korea's Pyongyang radio hinted Thursday night that an armistice can he signed soon. The broadcast, heard in Tokyo, said "It appears that preparations lor a truce signing at Panmunjom have been virtually completed" but warned that South Korean President Syngman Rhee and the United States still must be watched. Authoritiative Allied sources In Munsan said one or two minor joints remain to be ironed out and that one or two more meetings of staff officers might be necessary before the chief Allied and Red negotiators meet to fix a date for the signing. A source close to the negotia- liaison officers are progressing rapidly with final details, but the armistice has not yet been "wrapped up." Staff officers were said to have drawn the cease-fire line across Korea during a 15-hour session ending at l:4o a.m., Thursday. Arrangements for exchanging prisoners of war wanting to return reportedly were .set up at a meeting later in the day. Despite a hostile reaction by Communist radio stations to President Syngman Rhee's statement Wednesday that South Korea will follow its own course of action unless the Chinese agree within six months of a truce to leave North Korea, Red workmen continued work on "Armistice Hall," the building designed for the truce signing ceremony. The Reds hammered on the building all Thursday night, aided by American searchlights. Official opinion in Washington was that a tiuce would be signed soon. An advance party of Swiss and Swedish members of a commission which will supervise an armistice arrived in Korea from Japan. Communist radio stations reac- 'ted promptly and violently to Pres- i ident Syngman Rhee<£- statement yesterday that South Korea will follow its own course of action unless the Reds agree within, six months after a truce Is signed to evacuate North Korea. Peiping said the statement was "nothing but a pretext to wreck the armistice " And the broadcast added: "Continued American connivance with Rhee has placed the Korean armistice in great danger." At the same time, however, the Red broadcasts did not say a truce ' was impossible. And Eed workmen at Panmunjom hammered away at a new building [or the armistice signing ceremonies. Four Swiss and four Swedish members of the Neutral Nations Armistice Commission flew to Seoul from Tokyo and were hustled to the U. N. advance camp at Munsan by helicopter. A cordon of military police surrounded the plane as it landed. No one was allowed to talk with the party. After the delegates arrived in Munsan, the U. N. Command announced their names and said the group is in Korea to pave the way for the commission's work. The armistice commission members landed in Korea as Allied and Red liaison officers huddled secretly here. The officers, who arrange meetings of the full truce delegations, met for an hour and 44 minutes, then recessed without scheduling another session. Could Set Date ' The liaison officers could set a tentative date for signing a truce, then call a meeting of the full See TRUCE on Page 7 * * * Dulles Expecting Rhee To Honor Agreements By JOHN M. H1GHTOWER .... • _, Th ? United .Stales sought today to hold Syngman Rhee to acceptance ot a Korean truce despite angry new South Korean threats to explode the bright WASHINGTON (AP) ice of a Korean tri promise of an armistice. shal Alexandci M. Vasilevsky (the other deputy. Marshal Georgi Zhu- kov, spoke at the meeting); Marshal Ivan S. Konev, before Stalin's death commander of Soviet grounc forces and ar. honor guard at Stalin's bier, an-| veteran Gen. Sergei Shtemenko, a former army chief ol staff. Speculation Many officials here believe their absence from the Moscow meeting may mean they are not prepared to identify themselves with ;he campaign against Beria—and lence may also be in disgrace. But, cautiously, these officials add the absences may have been caused by less portentous .reasons. According to these Informants, the postponement of the Russian parliamentary session may mean he Soviet purge launched with Berla's dismissal is not yet complete. One ot the purposes of the session, it is believed generally, will be to confirm the action by .he government and the Communist party against Beria and his cronies. Perhaps, British officials specu- ate, the Soviet high command is not sure yet just what purges must be approved /nside Today's Courier News . . . Walter Robertson: calm statesman . . . hy James Marlow . , . Page 3. . . . Big switch: American League race tighter than National ... Sports . . . Paurc 10. . . . Parties grew less and friends cooler as cold war progressed . . , Report from Moscow by Eddy Ollmore . . . Page 5. . • . Television schedule . • . Puire 17. The line of U. S. diplomacy, in' the latest of many crises in the truce efforts, was laid down in a statement by Secretary of State Dulles declining that the United States assumes Rhee "will abide by his assurances" not to obstruct i cease-fire. The statement, issued yesterday i few hours after new demands rom Seoul, reviewed promises made to Rhet. for American sup- lort and security guarantees if he cooperates, ; ^ut emphasized, at both, its beginning and end. that Washington expects Rhee to "honor the assurances he has given." A copy of (he statement was the precise wording of a mutual security pact and the size of a promised aid program. They also included the question of what the final U. S. attitude would be if political efforts to unify Korea failed and the war was started up again by Rhee. Rhee had ti.Id Robertson his gov- eminent desired most Ihe active participation of th an effort to rid Korea of the Communists. But he said if that was not po-js'ble he urgently required U. S moral and material support. told the Reds July 11 that the U.N. Command would not support any "aggressive action" of South Korean units "in violation of the armistice" and that, if such action occurred, the Reds could retaliate as they saw fit. This, according to information here, caused Rhee to hit the ceil- i ing because It struck so directly United States j at his centra] desire to keep the way open for later military operation toward Korean unity. Rhee said at Seoul yesterday South Korea would give a postwar political conference 00 days to Last Sunday the chief truce ne- \ persuade, the Chinese Reds to" set jgotiator for the United Nations out of Nor'h Korea and if this failed his government would »ct Briggs. The South Korean President, according to information available started the new series of attacks because he had a feeling he had been let clown by the United States In assurances given to the Communist command in Korea a few days ago and made public Sunday. U. S. officials were fully aware, therefore, that their utmost diplomatic skill would probably be required to get Rhee eventually to go along. Pressing: for Windup They were understood to be pressing for the fastest windup of truce negotiations In order to get the agreement signed if possible, before Rhee can fully reverse his position. Officials and diplomats say the trouble between Rhee's South Korean government and the U. S government Is simply this: The United States Is determined to end the Korean War if the Reds will agree. Hhee considers the truce a trap and a defeat for his aim of unifying his country. He therefore trying stubbornly to ceep the way open for a possible— le probably considers It inevitable •renewal of the war with American support. When Asst Secretary of State Walter S. Robertson was negotlat- ng with Rnee in Korea a few weeks ago, Rhee repeatedly Dressed him on this point. Robertson hammered the line that the Jnited States thought Korea should >e unified by peaceful means after an armistice that the War so far lad served ttie. purpose of preventr ng Red conquest of all Korea. No Obstruction Finally, having obtained prom- ses of a mutual security pact, conomic and military help and he closest political consultation, Rhee told Robertson—supposedly writing—that he would not ob- truci an armistice. Robertson left Seoul, therefore, vith Rhce's assurances but he also eft, in part at the old man's in- Istcnce, with some questions still be clarified or given further onsldfrntlon in Wnshiniiton. These r , • Jr., was disclosed to have as it saw fit. ROK Infantrymen Are Pushed Off Hill By FORREST EDWARDS SEOUL (AP) — South Korean infantrymen fought with bayonets, knives and rifle butts to the top of strategic Sam Hyon Hill in central Korea today but were beaten off in a savage 5 1/2-hour fight with a reinforced Chinese regiment After dark, the Reds also seized a South Korean outpost hill five miles northwest of the vital road junction of kumhwa, weetem anchor of the Central Front. Associated Press Correspondent John Randolph reported from the front that the communists quickly poured a battalion of about 750 sol diers into the 15-minute assault, while thousands of shells from both Red and Allied big guns turned night into day. Troops Sighted North of Sam Hyon, Allied air and ground observers reported sighting Chinese troops. Allied big guns shelled two separate Red battalions massing north of the battle line, plus a concentration ol about 40 R;d trucks and six tanks. Rugged Sam Hyon Hill jverlooks Important territory on the Kumsong Bulge line, which the South Koreans established after being forced back last week by the mightiest Red offensive in two years, The action, described by American advisers to the ROKs as "Intense and close ringe," was one of .hire fierce battles along the rela- .ively quiet battlefront, in addition to more than 40 patrol-sizo fights ind small Red Jabs. Taylor on Tour Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, commander of the U. S. 8th Army, toured he critical Central Front with South Korean President Syngman Ihee. He (old commanders of the two AIMrd forces holding the Kjra ncludcd principally questions of | song line-tho U. S. »th Corps «nd giment. ROK 2nd Corps—the mighty Red offensive has been repulsed and the Allies now occupy "the shortest and most defensible line consistent j| with their mission in this area." Clinging doggedly to the south- • ern slopes of Sam Hyon, the ROKi fought through this afternoon with Chinese on the north, the 8th Army reported. The South Koreans had jumped off at 7 a.m., and slugged their way to the summit in close combat by 10. They were hurled back around 12:30 p.m. by a regiment of 3,500 attacking Chinese. Weather ARKANSAS - Partly cloudy thil afternoon, tonight and Friday No important temperature changes. MISSOURI — Partly cloldy tonight and Friday with scattered tinman-showers likely northwest and extreme west Friday noon; little change in temperature; low tonight 60-65; high Friday near 90. Maximum yesterday—00. Minimum yesterday morning—73. Sunset today—7:09. Sunrise tomorrow~5:04. Mean temperature (midway-betweea Prcclp. last 24 hours to 8:30 p.m. yei. tcrdiiy—.M. ilgh and low)—81.5. Prcclp. Jan. 1 to d; This Date Last Year s rcclp. Jan. 1 to date—33,31, Minimum this morning—88. Maximum yesterday—103. Freclji. Jan. 1 M d«t«—M.U.