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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI Blytheville Courier Biycnevme courier VOL. XLIX—NO. 104 Blytheville Datly News Mississippi Valley Leader Btytheviile Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JULY 22, 1953 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTf Probers Give Oxnam Clean Bill But Committee Is Critical Of Some Activities By ED CEEAGH WASHINGTON (AP) — The House Committee on Un- American Activities voted Bishop G. Bromley Oxnam a clean bill of health, early today so far as any record of Communist party affiliation is concerned. But a grueling, sometimes short- tempered hearing that dragged on »tter midnight brought charges by Bome members that the Methodist clergyman's zeal for social reform —plus what one congressman called "muddled thinking"—had led him into suspicious company. And Chairman Velde (R-I11) said It was "impossible to make any definite conclusions" until the bishop has submitted further information he promised. The marathon affair, held in a packed committee room mostly filled with ready-to-demonstrate Oxnam supporters, left in doubt the question the bishop asked it to settle: Would the committee alter its files on him or, better yet, halt the practice of giving out unverified and unevaluated information on anyone. More Protection Velde did say that "some of the facts possibly should be considered . . . with a view toward establishing procedures enabling us to continue the search for subversives and provide more protection for individuals." Ranging far and wide in a dozen directions, . the unusual afternoon- Into-morning session produced one unexpected development—sworn testimony from a previous secret hearing that two clergymen once in the public eye were active members of the Communist party. They were named by the committee as Dr. Harry P. Ward, retired member of New York's Union Theological Seminary faculty, and Jack McMichael, said to ,be still in the Methodist ministry somewhere in the West. Both have been mentioned before in connection with Red front investigatio---. but. /">::".... '-called this new tesumony "quite amazing." He promptly challenged the com- .mitte.e to put its evidence before church courts which, he said, will expel them from the ministry if Communist membership charges are proved. No Apologies As for himself, Oxnam said he'd make no apologies to anybody for working in uood faith with now- suspect organizations he was associated with ii, the belief they were dedicated to human progress. He acknowledged, though, he'd investigate some of them more carefully nowadays and maybe wouldn't join quite so many. Oxnam, gray-suited and portly, settled into the witness chair at 2:35 p. m. and launched into a 15-minute statement accusing the committee of bearing "false witness" against him. The spectators later applauded some of his mild witticisms and stirred restively when the questioning of the churchman seemed aggressive. Velde once threatened to have any further demonstrators thrown out. It was 12:20 a. m., 9% hours later, when the 61-year-old bishop, perspiring but still firm-voiced, called it quite. A few minutes earlier the committee adopted without dissent a motion by Rep. Doyle (D-Calif) saying its files show "no record of any Communist party membership or affiliation" by the bishop. The motion was seconded by Rep. Donald L. Jackson (R-Calif) —the same man who helped precipitate the hearing by saying on the House floor that Oxnam had "served God on Sunday and ihe Communist front for the balance of the week." No Comment Alter the hearing Velde told reporters he couldn't say, at least until the committee held an executive session, whether there would be any "reconstruction" of the Jiles. Oxnam, about to leave on a trip t,o Europe, also held an impromptu news conference. He said he thought individual committee members had tried to be fair to him. But he stuck to his earlier position that the committee's way of working—especially Its release of unevaluated material about individuals—can and does hurt innocent men's reputations. 1 Oxnam declared at the outset of the hearing that he rejects communism absolutely but is dedicated to "concrete measures through which the ideals of religion may be translated into the realities of world law and order, economic Justice and racial brotherhood." This, some committee members declared, after a long recita- • tlon of groups with which the bishop was said to have been associated, has led him into some pretty dubious company. Oxnam Insisted he had quit all such groups Set OXNAM on P»gt H LIKE CARRYING COALS TO NEWCASTLE — There's an ocean full of water only a few hun dred yards away, but these boys attending the Boy Scout Jamboree from western Wisconsin wanted to make sure of their swimming. That's why they brought along this plastic swimming pool 12 feet in diameter and 3 feet deep, the only one on the Jamboree grounds at Jamboree City, Calif. Base Fuel Meet Set As Bids Are Delayed Representatives of the Corps of Engineers "will confer with Arkansas-Missouri Power Co. officials next week on availability of natural gas for heating buildings at the Blytheville air base. And Ark-Mo stood ready today*— to reassure Engineers that the utility "can and will" provide the base with all the gas it needs. Jack Cuada, chief engineer of Art- Mo's gas department, said the utility had told the Engineers in May that it "can serve the field with the gas" it would need. Engineering and construction details such as entry to the field and pressure are expected to be discussed at the meeting next week. No specific date has been set for the conference. The matter of providing fuel for the base has brought another delay in beginning of reactivation work, however. Previously scheduled for July 29 and 3D, awarding of contracts for construction of a wing headquar- j ters building and a guardhouse has been postponed, the Corps o* Engineers said yesterday. Col. Thomas j. Hayes, head of the Little Rock District of the .Corps of Engineers, said today a new date for the contract letting will not be set, until after the meeting with Ark-Mo officials. The delay probably will be for about 30 days, he added. Gas Recommended Big Lake Meeting To Draw Big Crowd To be or not to be ... That question, as it concerns the future of Big Lake, the waters of the floodway and the huge network of ditches in the area west of Blytheville, has created widespread interest among farmers and sportsmen alike recently, and indications are strong that an overflow crowd will be on hand at a meeting to be held tomorrow night in the Circuit Courtroom at the Court House. Scheduled to start at 8 p.m., the. serve though open to fishing, has meeting has been orgar.i7.etf by; lost much of its value as a fishing, sportsmen in this area lor the j area since high water a-few yfcJ^J purpose of attempting to work out! ago broke through the Sand Slough Rhee Strikes Double Blow To Hopes for Quick Truce Foreign Aid Cuts Hit by President Eisenhower Says Billion Reduction House Committee Goes Too Far By was the WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower said today he thinks the billion dollar cut in foreign aid funds approved by the House Appropriations Committee goes too deep. The foreign aid issue came up -fr at a White House news conference ' shortly before the House slated to open debate oi trimmed down bill. A reporter asked whether Eisenhower believes the proram can operate successfully under the lower figure. The President said he had been doing a lot of study about the matter and'thinks the cut is too heavy. The cut figures out at close to $1,100,000,000. The committee voted to five the administration 54,428,678,000 in new money and permission to carry over $1,758,010,179 from unpledged past appropriations. A vote is scheduled in the House later in the week. No Effort Expected Rep, Halleek (R-Ind), indicated earlier today that administration forces would make no concerted effort to restore any of the reduction. Halleck, the Republican floor leader, said in an interview he expected the bill to pass without substantial change, said the President happy" about some although he is "not too of the cuts cooperative approach, among'Dam, causing near drainage of the varied conflicting interests, to the; lake during the dry summer 1 possible damage to hunting and; months and damage to veg'elalion.! fishing m the area resulting from. Efforts by fishermen to have (he I a projected plan lo drain the new ; dam replaced have been fruitless, bar pit. j Sponsors of tomorrow night's Word has been received that Col. meeting hope it will result in a John Buxton, engineer for the State ; program for the area which will Game, and Fish Commission, which ' satisfy all interests. Technically, determination of the i <™ns a two-mile by six-mile tract j type of fuel to be used for heating ! ° f lan d between the east levee and < is causing the postponement. How- < the 8 amB preserve, will be here ever, Col. Hayes said, his office has . f ° r a survey of the area and will recommended using natural gas. attend the meeting. In a statement this morning, Col. The Commission purchased the Hayes said- j land with the intention of develop"It would be a waste oi money j it! S il into a recreational area ior to receive bids for the construction i sportsmen. of the buildings until the fuel to be I " 'f expected that various plans used is determined. If the buildings I w " ^ presented to Col. Buxton are built for one type of fuel, then | Wlth the - recommendation that the another type is decided on, extensive ! ?j™ ?'. 0! L, * e ac " on on tfle ™alternations would be necessary. 1 L ! the meetin a J M -la F d was decided to postpone the opening ; era j Game Warden for Bir'l, ke" and C. G. Redman, secretary of Drainage District No. 17. Would Cut Dam made by the House Appropntions Committee. The President made a personal plea to some committee members last week not to slash his request. "Minimum" Cut The committee cut aboill 100 million dollars from the President's "honest minimum" request for $5,124,512,132 in new money for the yea'- which started July 1. T' -so Called for return lo the Treasury of 5414,806,238 carried over without commitment from previous appropriations Delay Met In Postal Rate Hike Carlson, Summerfield Appear Divided on Administration Plan By JACK BELL WASHINGTON I/B—Two of President Eisenhower's closest advisers —Sen. Carlson (E-Kan) and Postmaster General Summerfield—ore working opposite sides of the street on the administration's proposal to increase postal rates. Carlson, iyho heads the Senate Post Office Committee, said in an interview he has counseled delay in an attempt to raise the rates on letters and on second-class mailings, covering newspapers and magazines. Summerfield, on the other hand, has been pounding away for increases to bring an estimated additional 240 million dollars yearly and, with other reforms, to cut the pout office's annual deficit to about 70 million dollars. It is now i over 500 millions. Do II.. -lf.lv The postmaster general picked by Eisenhower as Republican national chairman, apparently believes it is better lo swallow what Chairman Taber (R-NYi of the | s ome Republicans rogard as a bit- appropriation.-, group also predicted | ter political pill now than to wait [Legion Names tes Twenty to Attend Arkansas Convention passage of the bill without major change. He said In a separate interview, "we were very liberal." The Appropriations Committee made Its biggest cut, of 312 million dollars, in the President's request for military aid to Europe. In addition, the committee subtracted 271 million dollars ffum the carry-over for Europe. ., of bids so that the design of the buildings can be made for the fuel to be used." The wing headquarters is to be a two-story wood frame building containing approximately 12,288 sq. j «. The proposed plan to drain the 'new bar pit". being undertaken by Drainage District No. 17 in Twenty members of Blytheville's j Dud Cason Post No. 24 of the Amer- I ican Legion will attend the thirty- I fifth annual convention of (he state: organization in Little Bock this: week end. j Going from here will be Arthur S. (Todd) Harrison, Ira Koonce, It is to be completed within 135 : < conjunction with farmers in calendar days. The guardhouse is' area , includes cleaning and | Floyd A. j (Charlie) White, Ed Rice, H. G. \ Partlow, - Wade Jeffries, See AIR BASE on Page 14 Two Men Caught In Theft the i Speck McGregor, Paul Mahon, Emil < en- j Damon, Jiminie Edwards, Joel Urging the bar pit and cutting i (Buck) VanCleve, Elton Poster, the dam at the south end below John Burnett, Marshall Blackard, Highway 18. to permit its draining into the floodway wo^^Vthe'w'uertfe, e'as! of the floodway, including the property owned by the Game and Pish Commission, vary. Many contend the area would be drained dry and would result Mw post commanderi Joe Evans> Jjm CIeveland Elbert Johnson Ros . The session wil lend Sunday with the election of state officers. A progress report for the past year's activities was presented by Former Manila Attorney Dies Raymond S. Hudson, formerly of Manila, died at his home in Memphis, Tenn., last night after a six- month illness. Mr. Hudson was a former member of the Arkansas Democratic Executive Committee and had, practiced law in Manila since 1920. He was a native of Moreland and was graduated from the University of Arkansas Law School in 1913. A state representative from 1020 to 1922, Mr. Hudson retired five years ago and moved to Memphis. He leaves his wife, two sons and a daughter. the large number of fishermen in this area, is the future of Big Lake as a prime fishing spot. According to some fishermen, the lake, which is in the game pre- Two Blytheville men were apprehended while trying to leave the county yesterday by the police and county officers and held on the charge of burgalry and grand larceny in connection with the stealing' sportsmen to be of vital interest to of $200 from the Pasttime Billard Room on W. Main Street Monday night, it was revealed today by the Sheriff's office. The two men being held are Raymond Cooper, 23, and Bobby Hamm, 22. Of the $200 taken from the Pastime, officers found $100 on the men when caught- The remainder of the money was later recovered from a hiding place inside the Pastime, they said. Cooper hid in the billiard hall before closing time and was locked in when Robert L. Moset, an em- ploye of the establishment, closed for the night, officers stated. With Moser at the time was Hamm who had been working at the Pastime for about a week. Moser stated that Hamm > left him at a cafe. After obtaining the money, Cooper broke out of the billiard hall through a back window, according to officers. Evidence of the burglary was discovered by the Merchants Night Patrolman. Hamm and Cooper were together when cniighl on Highway 40 south of Blytheville. The prosecuting atorney's office i$ expected to file charges of burglary and grand larceny against Cooper and Hamm this afternoon. the overflowing of the land .-south outgoing Post Commander A S. of the highway, while others main- fTodd) Harrison List night when tain the water level of -the bar pit | jjarshan Blackard took .over as and connecting waterways would j CQmmandOT . included in the report ; be lowered only slightly j was „ summary of the pos ,. s work j » « —'* °/ ^ ^"'Y Fishing Rodeo, donation o f use oi ; hut for bloodmobile visits to Blytheville, provision of $1,000 in Christmas gifts of food through Goorlfel-! caused water to seep into a cable Telephone Cable Leak Is Repaired Service to about 75 telephones which was disrupted due to rain yesterday had been restored by midmorning today after Southern Bell repair crews worked all night unearthing and drying out a wet cable, Yesterday rainfall of 1.21 inches lows, and distribution of posters en- See LEGION on Page H at Main and Division streets, disrupting service in that area. until 1954 when congressional elections will be held. Carlson, one oE Eisenhower's closest friends, indicated he believes the department could get along withoui the rate increases and eventually Rain a pay-us-H- gocs operational basis. The postal rate; bill was designated yesterday by Sen. Knowland j (R-Calif), the acting floor leader, ' as one of (he two controversial measures he said might keep Con- Krers from adjourning on its July 31 target date. He said to bill to admit 240,000 European refugees and others is the other stumbling block. Knowland raid hr- thinks congress will net on both measures befpre it ends this session. And he expressed hope that neither will take too long. Summerfielrt won his fight for presidential backing of the postal bill, but the issue still is in doubt in Congress. Many Obligations The House Post Office Committee, holding hearings on the proposal, has listened to a long string of mail users urge that no rate hike be approved. Today, however, the Chamber of Commerce of the United States sent word it is in favor of the administration proposal. Its president, Richard L. Bowditch, notified Carlson and Chairman Rees (R-Kan) of the House group of the stand, taken by the chamber's executive committee. Bowditch said the endorsement was unanimous. Before the House committee is a proposal to increase letter postage from 3 to 4 cents and airmail from 6 to 7 cents and gradually boost second class rates a total of about 40 cents. New Plans for District Fair Told District Fair time in Blytheville this year will bring a free grandstand show, a new department for heirloom collectors and an increased premium total, according to the 1953 fair catalog issued today. The ninth annual Northeast Arkansas District Fair and livestock show this year will open at, 5 p.m. Sept. 22 and end at 6 p.m. Sept. 27. Robert E. Blaylock, secretary of the Mississippi County Fair Asp.oclation, said $600 has been added to the premiums being of- to $10,600. The grandstand show to be given during the fair's run this year will be available without cost from firms .that advertise in the fair catalog and have display booths at the fairgrounds. The tickets may be picked, up either at the store or at the display booths at the fair, Mr. Blaylock said. These will not, however, be good for the stock car races to be held, he said. An Heirlooms Department has been added to this year's fair, with George Muir, Jr., in charge. Stock car races have been scheduled for the fair, Mr. Blaylock said, and probably will be held on Friday and Saturday nights and Sunday afternoon. The night races will follow the grandstand show. On the midway this year will be.United Expositions' array of shows and rides. Whit- this will be the ninth year the fair has been staged as a district event, It will mark the 30th year since the first county fair was held in 1923 by the Fair Association. Although there are 12 countlci In the Northeast Arkansas district, competition in the various departments is "open to exhibitors from anywhere," the fair catalog points out. Other department superintendents for this year's fair will be Mrs. Ray Hall, art; Bill Hutchinson, cattle; Bill McLeod, Future Farmers of America; Mrs. Gertrude Hollman and Miss Colleen McNew, farm and home; Mrs. J. F. Owen, floral: Riley Bench, poultry; Allen Rushing, rabbits; L. H. Autry, swine; and Keith Bllbrey, 4-H. V. D. Haley will be chairman of the Negro Department, assisted by Clarence T. Freeman, Mary M. wingfield, Ivy Wilson, Helen Nunn, A. E. Wiley, and A. E. Lester. Other officers of the Fair As- »oclatlon are L. H. Autry,' presto* FAIR on I'mo H Manilan Still Critical MANILA — Ration's Hospital said here this morning that the condl- ! tion of Alford Bacon, Manila resident injured in a Big Lake boat col- 1 li.^ion Sunday, continued to be crlt- i leal. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Death of Stalin amazed, rather than saddened, Russian people ... By Eddy Gilmnre . . . Page 3. . . . Boh Hope sparks Hollywood's invasion of Scout Jamboree . . . I'ape 5. . . . Morris Sllvcrficld nan appreciate America . . . Osceola newg . . . I'iige 9. Phillies may surprise . . . Kin* Cotton Oprn dates set... SporU . . . Pane t. PURGED — Mir-Djafar A. Bagirov (above), Prime Minister of Azerbaijan, was purged over the weekend, reducing the Soviet Communist Party's ruling presidium — which used to be called the Politburo — to nine lull members and two alternales. (AP Wlrephoto) County FB Hits Crop Quota Plan Officials Explain Stand Against AFBF Recommendations • Views of the Mississippi County Farm Bureau opposing those of the state and national federations on proposed cotton acreage legislation were stated today by the executive committee oE the county group. Opposing nny cnange in state allocation provisions of present law, the Mississippi County Farm Bureau officials released recommendations they drew up prior to a aisle me'*Una; ot county Farm Bureau officials in Forrest City Monday, AL this meeting, the state Farm Bureau organization supported the national federation's plan for fix- ins 1954 cotlon allotments. Under this proposal, the state's acreage quota would be cut 53,000 acre— 2.8 per cent under 1952 and 1.5 per cent below 1953 plantings. Mississippi County Farm Bureau officials, however, say the proposal will UiKe about 880,000 acre- as from Southceastern states to give it to Western growers, who are relatively new to cotton production. They said Western growers ex- paneled to rapidly in the 1951-53 period "for profit and to build acreage hinstory." 1 ' Nothing ha s happened in cotton production that was not expected to happen , . .There is nothing really new in the picture, nothing to bo alarmed about and no reason for hasty or drastic See FARM BUREAU on Page M Little Death Is Termed Accidental The death of James Harold Little, ffi. who died of gunshot wounds yesterday morning at his home near the Herrnondale Community west of Holland, was termed accidental at a Pemiscot County Coroner's inquest yesterday. Mr. Little, who with his family arid some friends had returned Monday night from a hunting and fishing trip to Doniphan, Mo., was apparently putting the shotgun away when it accidentally discharged, the coroner's jury decided. While the blast struck Mr. Little in the face from close range, there were no powder burns, investigation showed. Mr. Little's body was discovered by his wife who was in the yard at the time of the accident. She came in and found her husband on the floor. He died immediately, she said. Funeral services for Mr. Little, a farmer who had lived in the Herrnondale area since boyhood, were to be conducted nt 2:30 p.m. today at the Methodist Church in Holland by the Rev. Marvin Niblack. Burial was to be in Mt. Zlon Cemetery at Cooler with German Funeral Home of Steele In charge. Survivors include his wife, Mrs. Cecil Mae Little; two daughters, Mrs. Marvin Chlldcrs of Holland, Miss June Little of the home: two brothers, Russell nnd Joe Frank Little, both of Holland; and a niece, Mrs. Eunice Robeiison of Nnshvillc, Tcnn. | Says Red Chinese Must Leave Compromise * Basis Claimed Destroyed SEOUL f AP) — Defiant Syngman Rhee and his foreign minister handed the United Nations Command double-bar- reled ultimatums today which threatened to wreck a Korean truce that appeared only days away. Rhee issued an angry statement that South Korea will give a postwar political conference 90 days to "persuade the (Chinese Red) aggressors to withdraw from North Korea. "If their efforts fail," the fiery old patriot declared, "we shall be at liberty to follow our own course of action." Foreign Minister Pyun Yung Tal. in an even stronger statement, said the basis for AmerlcanTSouth Korea compromise has been destroyed. Pyun warned that South Korea would act independently unless the United States repudiates some assurances given the Communists which the Reds announced at Pan- manjom last Sunday. The assurances opened the way for a quick armistice. Secret Note Rhee's sudden statement cams as the U. s. State Department sent a secret note to Rhee, It presumably dealt with South Korea's role in (he armistice. Pyun said the note contained "nothing new." How the Reds will react to Rhee's ultimatum was the big- question as staff officers continued work at Panmunjom on final details of a truce. There 'has been speculation that an armlstico would be signed within the week. Pyun, considered Rhee's closest adviser, declared, "The United Nations is now trying to lllegalize any action on our part to achieve I our unification." j He said Rhee made "actually ] no pledges in his talks with Waller Robertson, u. s. assistant secretary of state. They wera aimed at soothing South Korean ! resistance to the truce." ! Rhee said the major problem I blocking "real peace was the ! withdrawal oi Chinese Communist j troops from North Korea after a cease-fire." A political conference Is to open I90 days after an armistice is j signed, and Rhee said South Korea will wait another 90 days for the Chinese Reds to agree to leave by that deadline, he said. South North Korea. If they don't agree [Korea will follow its "own course of action." Have Asked Aid "I must say that we have asked the United states either to jointly resume with us military operations to accomplish our common objectives, or to promise to give us moral and m iterial support in our efforts to carry on our fight unilaterally," Rhee said. The ROK President said he was awaiting approval from Washington of agreements made with Robertson in the secret talks earlier this month. South Korea "is trying to cooperate all we can," Rhee said, but "if the United Nations does not consider our desire for survival, we cannot regard the understanding as binding." Rhee said he promised neither to sign nor obstruct a truce if Washington approves his understanding with Robertson. In the agreement, Rhee said he would abide by the terms of the armistice for an unstated period. In return, the United States agreed to negotiate a mutual defense pact with South Korea. It was reported that the United States See TRUCE on Page 14 Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Thursday. No important temperature changes. Maximum yesterday—83. Minimum yesterday morning—70. Sunset today—7:10. Sunrise tomorrow—5:03. Moan temperature (midway between high and low)~7S.S. Preclp. last 24 hours to 1:30 p.m. yesterday—1.21, Prcctp, Jan 1 to dtte—31.70. Tills D»te Lilt Yt*r Minimum this morning—88. Maximum ycfltord«y--tn.V rrcclp, J«a. t U> dAU—M.tf.