PACE 2 THE WINNIPEG EVENING TRIBUNE MONDAY, AUG. 16, 1937 Royal Commission Set Up To Study Finance Puzzle Of Dominion, Provinces 1 4 By CHARLES BISHOP I Pfm Tha Tribunal Ottawa Burtiu Copyright by toutham Pubhthing Ce.J TTTAWA, Aug. 16. The way is paved for a start in the XJ long discussed revision of the British North America ..act and of the relation . between the Dominion and the 'provinces by the appointment, made here Saturday, of the Royal Commission of Constitutional Inquiry. Its work is appraised to be of supreme importance. Prime Minister Mackenzie King announced the commissioner! as porta nt undertaking, the services follows: Hon. Newton W. Rowell, rhlef ...justice of Ontario, Toronto, chair - tman. Hon. Thibaudeau Rinfret, justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, Ottawa. - ' John W. Dafoe, president and .editor - in - chief of the Winnipeg if rce Press, Winnipeg. K R. A. McKay, professor of political science at Dalhousie university, Halifax. H. F. Angus, professor of economics at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver. 5 Terms of Reference J i Work of the commission will begin at an early date with an organiza - 'tion meeting. The terms of reference are of a sweeping character and are designed to enable the commissioners to make the first thor - fcugh - going review of Canada's con - 'titution and governmental machinery, with particular reference 'to financial aspects since the Dominion came into existence through Hhe passage of the British North Amerlac act 70 years ago. Fully Representative The setup of the commission has representation from the central provinces, from the three Mari - 1 times, front the prairies and from Xhe Pacific coast. s i The commission will organize here next month. It is customary .to start In Ottawa, then visit the , different provinces and return here .for final sittings and conferences. . . The scope of the inquiry is declined in an order In council made - public It is brief but fairly elastic It relates particularly, to a re - allocation of federal and provincial powers In the financial line, but any , change there may lead to, if not .Involve, in other lines. f. Relative responsibilities of th ..two authorities as now existing; . their sources of revenue; the structures of taxation, Including duplication; federal subsidies to th provinces, and other subjects are Included in the reference. In - . terlocked with provincial finance li municipal finance, and represents - ittonj connected with that phase of 'the inquiry are certain to be numerous.. Demand A Revision , - . The commission arises out of a discussion in Parliament last ses - lon. Demands for a revision of the B.N.A act have become hardy 'annuals. The burden of relief imposed upon the provinces since the depression has accentuated the call for change and been the source of 'increasing complaints. The Do - " minion government providing its "own share has had to finance many provinces in their part, with highly ' questionable prospects of recovery. ? So all this has led to demands "for a new shuffle and a new deal. It may mean that the Dominion "may assume certain responsibilities and powers of the provinces, or vice versa, with the sources of taxa - tion redistributed, subsidies increased or other changes made. This 11 possible only by amending the constitution. Basis for Reform No commission ever appointed by Ottawa is considered to have been of the far - reaching Importance .that this one may prove to be. This is on the assumption that its recommendations, after long Investigation, may lay the base of a re vision of the antiquated but re vered document the constitution as embodied in the B.N.A. act. In announcing the commission's .'appointment, Mr. King said: j "In accordance with the announcement which I made In the Mouse of Commons at the last session, the government has appointed a royal commission on Dominion - provincial relations. "As Indicated in the terms of the reference, the central purpose of the economic and financial basis of Confederation and of the distribution of legislative powers in the light of the economic and social - .developments of the last 70 years. In the work of the commission, special attention will be given to financial aspects of the problems Involved. Commissioner Chosen " "The government has been fortunate in securing for this all - Jm - I For Visual Comfort H.va 1 THE MACUIRE EXAMINATION "All fcecurite DUsnotU f Ytur Km" D. A. MAGUIRE 202 INDfRTON BLDC. el mi - . tM; of five commissioners whose im partiality, breadth of background, and variety of experience will be Immediately and gererally recognized. "The government is confident that the commission's presentation of the facts and report, will be of great value to the Dominion and the provinces, and to the people of Canada as a whole, In facilitating an equitable and effective solution of the problems created for our country by changing needs and conditions." The prime minister also released the text of the order - in - council setting up the commission, detailing the reasons for the inquiry and the terms of reference. The order, approved Saturday by the deputy governor - general follows: Submission Listed "The committee of the Privy Council have had before them a report, dated Aug. 5. 1937, from the Rt. Hon, W. L. Mackenzie King, th prime minister, submitting, with the concurrence of the minister of finance (Hon. Charles Dunning) and the minister of Justice (Hon. Ernest Lapolnte ; ' "1. That, as a result of economic and social developments since 1867, the Dominion and the provincial governments have found it necessary in the public interest to accept responsibilities of a character, and to extend governmental services to a degree, not forseen at the time of Confederation. Expenditure Involved "2. That the discharge of these responsibilities Involves expenditure of such a magnitude as to demand not only the most efficient administrative organization on the part of all governments but also the wisest possible division of power and function between government. That particularly If thl the case if the burden of public expenditure is to be kept to a minimum, and if the revenue - ral - Ing power of the variou governing bodie are to posses th adequacy and the elasticity required to meet the respective demand upon them. "3. That governmental expenditures are increased by overtopping and duplication of services as between the Dominion and provincial governments in certain fields of activity. That in other respect the public interest may be adversely affected by the lack of a clenr delimitation of governmental powers and responsibilities, Inadequate Revenue "4. That representations have been made on behalf of several provincial government and by variou public organization that the revenue sources available to provincial governments are not in general adequate to enable them to discharge their constitutional responsibilities, including the cost of unemployment relief and other social services and the payment of fixed charges on their outstanding debt; that, consequently, if they are to discharge their responsibilities, either new revenue source must be alloted to them or their constitutional responsibilities and governmental burdens must be reduced or adjustment must be made by both methods. Municipal Difficulties "5. That representations have been made by provincial govern ments that municipal governments which have been created by, and derive their power and responsibilities from, the provinces, ire confronted with similar problems; that, in particular, necessary municipal expenditures have placed an undue burden on real estate and are thereby retarding economic recovery; also that the rela tions between provinces and muni cipalities are nn essential part of the problem of provincial finances. "6. That, finally, rt has been represented that unless appropriate acuon is taken, me set - up of gov ernmental powers and resDoasiblll ties devised at the time of Con federation will not be adequate to meet the economic and social changes and the shifts in economic power which a - e in progress with out subjecting Canada's eovern mental structure to undue strains and stresses. "The prime minister, therefore, with the concurrence of the minister of finance and the minister of justice, recommends: "That, without limiting the gen - eral scope of their Inquiry, the commissioner be instructed in particularly: Constitutional Allocation "(a) To re - examine the constitutional allocation of revenue sources and governmental burdens to the Dominion and provincial governments, the pest results of such allocation and it suitability to present condition and the condition that are likely to prevail In the future. "(b) To investigate the char acter and amount of taxes collected from the people of Canada, to consider these in the light of legal and constitutional limitations, ana of financial end economic conditions, and to determine whether taxation as at present allocated and imposed Is as equitable and as efficient as can be devised. "(c) To examine public expenditures and public debts in general, in order to determine whether the present division of the burden of government Is equitable, and conducive to efficient administration, and to determine the ability of the Dominion and provincial governments to discharge their governmental responsibilities within the framework of the present allocation of public function and powers, or on the basis of some form of re - allocation thereof. Dominion Subsidies "(d) To Investigate Dominion subsidies and grants to provincial governments. "That the commissioners' ba Instructed to consider and report upon the fact disclosed by their investigations; and to express what in their opinion, subject to the retention of the distribution of legislative powers essential to a propei carrying out of the federal system in harmony with national need and the promotion of national unity, will best effect a balanced relationship between the financial powers and the obligation and functions of each governing body, and conduce to a more efficient, independent and economical dis charge of governmental responsi bilities in Canada. . . "The prime minister, with the concurrence of the minister of finance and the minister of justice, further recommend that the Hon. Newton W. Rowell chief jut - tire of Ontario, be chairman of the said commission. Records of Commissioners . Newton Wesley Rowell, chair man of the Royal Commission, was considered one of Canada great est lawyers before his appointment a year ago as chief justice of the Supreme Court of Ontario. He was born in Middlesex county, Ontario, and was called to th Ontario bar in 1801. He wa a member of the Ontario legislature and leader of the Liberal opposition from 1911 to 1917, when he was elected to the House of Common. He wa one of the Liberal who entered the Union government of Sir Robert Borden, becoming pre - ildent of the council. He , left politic In 1921, resigning hi leat In the House. John Wesley Dafoe was born at Combermere. Ont.. and In 1882 joined the - staff of the Montreal ON THE AIR By DENNY BROWN o LISTENlERSVjLOG o NETWORK HIGHLIGHTS CANADIAN BROADCASTING CORPORATION I 0O Mirror of Muafe. 30 Symphonic airlnga. I 30 KIlMlnj Tbroustl, talk. 10. 50 BolUoquy. NBC T no Oood Tlmri aocltiy. t.SO Hfnry Hull In Buf'ltr O NeiU'l "Whcr tha Crnaa la Madt." . SO Burnt an4 Allen. CBS 10 It Boaka Cartar. talk. 11.00 Horaca Heldt Orcneilr. " Monday Evening 8 30 Rhythmic Asa ICJRC). 6 to Nrwi ICKY). 5 4A Hawk T - alli. tk'trli (CJRC). .0O Mum; Mooda (CKT). Market Ntwa (CJRC). (.IS Buccaa'tra, aonga (CKTI. Hazel Johnaon, aonsa IKFYR). Hollywood Bravltln (CJRC). SO MuKlcal Morxla ICKY). Variety (CJRC). MS Blta of Lilt ICKY). 7.00 p.m. ia Nncturne Orcbtatra, (ololtta; from MBA K1BC - CKY). Vartetlea (CJRC). ' Good Tlma locltty (NBC - KTYK), 7.30 '.m. Ganoral 'nra In Mlne. typical athr - Ini: Iron NBC (CBO - CKY). MOdaro music jtaeairoi iwnv;, 8.00 p.m. Mirror of Mualc Bnira Holdar Orcoea - 1 tra: Slat John (CBC - CKY). Realm of Raminiertnca; miw mm - Dtumf contralto (CJRt't. rthher Mrni And Mnllr. ramtdy: Ted Waama' Orcneitra tNBC - KFYR). S.30 p.m. Svmpnonl Irlnn; from MB (CBC - CKt Arrnrdlana Henry Rlaamar (CJRO. Henry Hull in nugena O'NelH'e "Whera the Crow la Made'' iNBC - KFYR), untu t.30. 8.45 p.m. Bob Goulet Oreheatra (CJRC). 9.00 p.m. FootMsht Metnorlea OrchaatrAi (ololali; Montreal (CBO - CKY). tudlo VAMetlee ICJRC). 9.30 p.m. rishMne 'nirouirh Taikf hy 'hoee who hava been unemployed; Toronto tCBC - CKYl. Mmpllt Hour (CJRC). urna and Allen; Ray Noble Orr.beiUA (NBC - KFYR. KOA, WFAAI. 9.43 p.m.' Newr: Weather Report; Tlma (CBC - CKY. CKX). 10.00 p.m. t.uiii Rnmantlll Orcheitrat Toronto (CBC - CKY). r.t' Hill Orrhelra (CIRC). Mualral Momenta (KFYRI. Jatk F'liton. tenor; Pradlrte (CB - KRU WRRM. WCCO, KMOX. WJRl. Amoi 'n' Andy, biacklare comedy (NBC - WLW, KOA, WMAQ. WKAA). 10.15 p.m. Bnaka Ca'ler. commentator (CRS - KSI.). Viral Radio Station (NBC - KOA, KFYR). 10..".0 p.m SniiioGuy Kntembit; Quebec (CBC CKYi. Soortr chat (CJRCi Ja - k Drnnv Orchestra (WONi. !d rhorup: Orcrieeira (NBCKOAI. rk anx rat, corned (CBS - KSU Kmox, wcco). Named To Y? - - f YL ( y f I tv " J . w JOHN W. DAFOE MEMBERS of the royal commission to investigate the economic and financial basis of Confederation In the light of social and economic developments In the last 70 year were named Saturday by Prime Minister Mackenzie King. Chairman will be Hon. Newton W. Rowell, Chief Justice of Ontario. Others Star, embarking on one of the most brilliant newspaper careers In Canadian history. In 886 he went to the Ottawa Journal, and a few months later to the Winnipeg Free Press, where he stayed until 1892. He returned to the Free Pres in 1901 as editor - in - chief, after short terms on the staffs of the Montreal Herald and Montreal Star. Mr. Dafoe was a delegate to the Commercial Congress of the Empire in 1906; Imperial Press conferences, 1909 and 1930; and he was attached to the Canadian delegation to the Peace Conference, 1919. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, chancellor of the University of Manitoba, and author of several books. Justice Thibaudeau Rinfret has been a judge of the Supreme Court of Canada since 1924. He was born in Montreal and was called to the Quebec Bar In 1901. He was professor of municipal law and the law of public utilities at McGill University. Since 1932, he has acted several time as deputy governor - general. Henry Forbest Angus was born in Victoria, B.C., and was educated at McGill and Oxford. He studied law in England, and was called to the Inner Temple Bar In 1914 and the British Columbia Bar in 1920, after serving throughout the war. He was assistant professor of economics, University of British Columbia, 1919 - 22; associate professor, 1922 - 29; and head of the department of economics, political science, commerce and sociology since 1930. "Robert Alexander MaoKay was born in Victoria county, Ontario. He aerved throughout the war. He was assistant master of English and History, . Upper Canada College, Toronto, 1920 - 21; instructor in political science, Princeton University, 1924 - 25; assistant professor of government sciences, Cornell, 1925 - 27; and professor of government and policital science, Dalhousie University, since 1927. 11.00 p.m. Larry Burke, tenor; Henry Bue.a Or - etie.tra. from NBC (CBC - CKY. CKX). Fibber McOee, comedy (NBC - KOA). Paul Sullivan, commentator IWLW), rxin Beltor Orcheitra (WENR). Tommy Doreey Orcheitra (WON). Horace Heidi orcheitra (CB8 - K8L). 11.30 p.m. Horace Lapp Orcheatra (CBC - CKY). 11.45 p.m. F.arle Kelly, newt commentator; Vancouver (CBC - CKY). Tuesday Morning; T.JO On tha Mall (CKYI. Tout and Marmalade (C.tRC). 1. 40 Morning Medltatlona ICKY). 1.00 Newa (CKY). . Breakfait Club (KFYRI. S IS Muilcal Blrdl Bport (CKY). S JO Mualcal Clock ICKY), 30 Band Parade (CJRC). i.tt aurprlee Package (CJRC). Newa Repeat (CKY). t no (loiden Moment (CJRC). I.10 - Organ Reverlea (CKY). Newa (CJRC). Vaughan do Leath. aonga (KFYR). 1. 10 Opening ktarketa (CJRC). ' Church In the Wllderneie (KFYR). Brltleh Danra Banda (CKY), DA Opening Market! (CKY). 10.00 Vagabond! (KFYR). Dainty Mlea, aonga (CJRO. 1. IS Pelham Rlchardeon Orcheitra; Flea - aor Edmond, contralto, gueit ICKY). Young Hlrkorv. aketch (KFYR), Ma rerklni, aketch (CJRC). 10 SO Tunefully Youra (CJRC). Jerry Brannon, aongi (KFYR). jl.OO Organ overt onee (CJRCl. 11. IS Hlta and F.nooree ICJRC). 11.30 Pence Tunea (CKY). Mld - ieiilon Marketa (CJRC). Hvmm of All Chu'chea (KFYR). 11. 4S Allan Caron. orgenlet (CKY). Betty and Bob. iketch (KFYR). Tuesday Afternoon 11.00 Mualc Orapha (CKY). Smgin Sam. eongi (C.TRCV Love and Learn, aketch (KFYR). 11 IS Newa (CJRC). F.aay to Remember (CKY). 11. JO Hinging Rtara (CKY). Concert Party (CJRC). Farm and Home Hour ( KFYR). 1.00 Newa; Menagri (CKY). nueit atari (CIRC) 1.11 It a Fart (CKY). Sleata (CJRC). Short Wave Programs (Winnipeg or Central Daylight Time) TIAVBNTRY, Kngland 10 ta 10 p m., OHD. 15. M metre (H. 7!) me.); cap, it s me - ree oval nr.); to II pm, nan. JVM metre! 1 1 1 .75 U.I; oaf. 31.31 metrea t 5A mc). BP5RI.IN VM) 'o 1(1 4 pm, n.tn. 1!M melrea (1177 mc); DJO, It. 74 metrea ( 1.V1 mc). ROME A to 7.30 p.m., 1RO, Sl.l metre! (t.Al mr.). PARIS 0.15 lo midnight, TPA4. IS. metrei (It. 75 mc). WINNIPKO It in 11 pm. CJRX. 3.V0 metree (11.71 He), CJRO, 41 metrea (t it mc. ). Monday I ON DON 10 pm. Irlth mullet 1 10, Hydo Park, dramatic narrative; 7, Empire Exchange, vultore' vlewi; 7 IS. Light Clamca Concert; a 10, Newa: 1 10, ailent until t. t, Mueia Hall Variety; 10. Piano Recital; 10.20, t'wlllght Berenadrra; 10 40, Newa. BfcRIJN I p m., Cerman Marchea; T so. Light Muilr: IS. Newa in Frig. Huh: I .in. Old rhitrh Maelera; IS. Pol'ih Blood, operetta romk - a t m.. Newe in Kngmh: Ooera; Amerlran Songe; lltO'a Mall Bag. Royal Economic HON. NEWTON ROWELL are H. F. Angus, above left, professor of economics at the University of British Columbia; John' W. Dafoe, above right, president and editor - in - chief of the Winnipeg Free Press; Hon. Thibaudeau Rinfret, justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, and R. A. MarKay, professor of government at Dalhousie university. The last two are not shown. Police Quiz "Blonde Siren" . :'Y" ;. ; y , ;.:'''. f' - ' :nS V':''. ".i - ''.v:'. '' I HELD for the poison deaths of George Gsellman and Jacob Wagner, elderly acquaintances, whom she treated during an Illness, Mrs. Anna Hahn, 31 - year - old blonde German immigrant, Is also being grilled by Cincinnati police In other mysterious deaths of men well on In year. Lieut. George W. Schattle, of the Cincinnati homicide squad, said today she had been "either directly or indirectly" linked with 9 fatalities during, the past eight years. Police are also Investigating three mysterious illnesses. But Mrs. Hahn, attending church services in the county jail, Sunday, protested her Innocence. , - 1.30 Rhythm and Romanre (CJRC), 1 4A cioiing Marketa (OKY - CJRCK 1.00 Pepper Young, iketch (KFYR), Newe Repeat ICKY). 1.19 Llmouilne Lady, aketch (CKY). Merry - Oo - Round (CJRO. Ma Perklni, iketch (KFYR). 1.90 Many Happy Returna (CKYI. Mualcal Globetrotter (CJRCi. Vic and Sada, iketch (KFYR). US Tha O'Neill!, iketch (KFYR), 1.00 Cuh Reporter, aketch (CKY). Ralnoow Rhythm (CJRC). I. IS Today'l Almanac (CJRC). Allan Caron. organlit (CKY). 10 Mualc Lovert' Corner (CJRC). Cecil and ally. iketch (CKY). 1 4.1 Guiding Light, aketch (KFYR). 4.00 Bill Moore Orcheatra (CJRCI Nellie Kevell Interview! i KFYR). 4 IS Muelral Adventure! (KFYR). 4.30 Travel Talk (CKY). Houieboat Hanna, aketch (CJRC). .4S Klnga Men. aonga (KFYR). Reflectlona (CJRC). 8.00 Homefolki' Frolic (CKY). Kitty Keene. iketch (KFYR). 'BLONDE SIREN' IS CHARGED WITH MURDERING TWO CINCINNATI, Aug. 16. After receiving evidence In what - Prosecutor Dudley Miller Outcalt termed "the biggest mass murder in this country," the Hamilton county grand Jury today Indicted Mrs. Anna Hahn, 31 - year - old mother, on two charges of murder. The Jurors charged her with the "malicious and premeditated" slaying of George Gsellman, 67, who died suddenly July 6, and Jacob Wagner, 78, a teamster, who died June 3. The two short form indictments were reported within 15 minutes after the jury was called to consider the case. Police have nine other unexplained deaths under scrutiny, four of which were of elderly German men with whom Mrs. Hahn admitted having been friendly. One of them, Ernst Kohler, elderly teamster who died in 19.T3, bequeathed her his $12,000 home. Police Captain Patrick Hayes said he had uncovered evidence which Indicated "she bought enough poison to kill half the town." Hayes said Mrs. Hahn admitted administering narcotir to Kohler but declared she did so under direction of Dr. Arthur Vfls. The physician denied giving orders for narrotlcs In the Kohler case. "Mrs. Hahn administered enough narcotics to Kohler to kill several men," Hayes charged. "She bought enough to kill a dozen persons, all within a few days." Both Geellman's and Wngner's bodies were exhumed and vital organs examined by City Chemist O. P. Behrer, who reported finding "positive traces of poison" In Gsellman' viscera. Outcalt reported that one witness Identified Mr. Hahn a a woman seen with Gsellman th night before his death. Mrs. Hahn denied knowing Gsellman but admitted. Schattle said, that she had ministered to Wagner. The indictments came as Captain Hayes reported that 13 prescriptions for poisons and narcotic had been traced to Mr. Hahn. . He expressed belief the prescription, which bore the name of Dr. Vos, had been forged. Commission j$m? Y - yv Y Y YSy PROF. H. F. ANGUS PANAMA TANKER SET ABLAZE BY TORPEDO BOATS tBy Tha Aiiaciatee Pren) LONDON, Aug. lb. The 38 - man crew of the Panamanian motor tanker George W. McKnight were landed Sunday at Goletta, on the Tunisian coast, after abandoning their blazing ship, set afire by bombardment from two unidentified torpedo boats. Dispatches to Lloyd's said the tanker was attacked 20 miles northwest of Cape Bon and soon was ablaze. The British tanker British Commodore, took off the crew and landed them. The George W. McKnight, a vessel of 7,097 tons, was bound for I.e Havre, France, from Syria and Tripoli. Dispatches to Paris said two of the MrKnight'a crew were slightly injured. The ship was sinking slowly while continuing to burn. Four merchant ships British, French, Italian and Greek have been bombed by unidentified planes in those waters within the past 10 day. ... The George W, McKnlg'ht wa built in 1933 at Kiel, Germany, according lo Lloyd' register of shipping. Her owners are listed as the Panama Transport company, with a German company as agents. Panama was her home port POLIGESUPPRESS STRIKE RIOTING IN SOREL, QUE. SOREL, Que., Aug. 16. Rioting broke out over the weekend among strikers and non - strikers in Sorel's steel walkout, quelled only by the arrival of 83 provincial policemen from Quebec City. The police dispersed a mob of 200 men advancing on the Sorel jnil, Saturday, after violence earlier in the day In which a house and an automobile were set afire. The disturbances grew out of anger stirred up among strikers by a company announcement that attempts would be made this week to re - open at least some of the six plants that have been crippled since Aug. 4 by a strike of 1,200 steel workers. Fire broke out at the home of Philippe Gerard, chairman of the control council of the National Catholic syndicates, and chief organizer of the strike called by th Syndicate - affiliated National Catholic Syndicate of Steel Workers. Next, a crowd of men rushed to the home of Paul Huss, who had left the syndicate on Friday. His automobile was hauled out into the si reel and set aflame. 1 Police arrested four member of Shanghai, Greatest Trouble Spot in All China, Must Be Blown to Bits, Pastor Says Ct)y Tha Canadian "Vim LAKE COUCHICHING, Ont, Aug. 16. Shanghai must be blown to bits, Dr. Peter Y. F. Shlh, of Nanking, told th Canadian Institute on Economic and Politics, Saturday night, In hi address on th "Outlook for China." The International settlement off - Shanghai is the greatest trouble spot in all China," Dr. Shlh said. "It foils every attempt the Chines central government at Nanking Is making, not only to some extent in it defense against Japan, but In It great effort to Improve the Internal countrv. The Chinese will not, cannot (top until Shanghai la out of th way. - Reveal Aspirations ' Dr. Shlh (pronounced Sue) ia a Presbyterian minister in Nanking, capital of China' central government. Dr. Shih told th institute of the aspirations of hi country, and effect the present Japanese policy and aim were having upon them. "China 1 trying to her utmost, under the leadership of General Chlnag Kal Shek to unify th country," Dr. Shih aaid. "China Is making great strides In unifying her speaking language and her currency. She la endeavoring to educate her youth, and to Improve her present farming conditions, as well as extending her meant of transportation." Dr. Shih said last year China drew up her first budget in history and what probably wa th great est highway project of any nation In the world, had taken place re cently In China. "More than 150,000 miles of roads have been built In China in the last five years," declared Dr. Shlh. "And all a a result of th Japanese In vasion. - i Cffert to "Bom" Orient The invasion of China by Japan was a Japanese ..tort to become the "boss" of the Orient By taking Northern China, Japan could all the better control Russia, he said. "Many people are fooled by the different forms of Japanese propa ganda," Dr. smn said. "in an effort for the acquiescence of the rest of the world, Japan always Revolution Seen Under Way in Canada Within Existing Constitution (y Tha Canadian Praea TORONTO, Aug. 16. Th legal gentry have been checking up on Parliament and the provincial legislature. What they report is "a revolution which ha been quietly going forward for a.number of year within th framework of existing constitutional forms." A committee of the Canadian Bar association will present its report on the question at the annual meeting of the organization which opens here Wednesday. Th report will be subjected to a round table discussion by delegates from most parts of Canada. Following th usual procedure, it will be accepted, possibly with amendments. Speaking strictly from the legal point of view, .the committee aays "because It can make or change the law, the slate now comes forward as something which is above the law.' The report also remark that "parliament and the provincial legislatures, each, in their own respective spheres, have powers which no Tudor or Stuart would hav dared to claim." Then the committee goes on to list It criticisms and cite cases. Tearing Up Contract For Instance, the report says "the state can tear up or modify Its own contracts." The base for this remark are given as the Alberta Provincial Loan Refunding Art of 1936, Chapter 6; the Dominion Gold Clauses Act of 1937, and similar provincial acts. "Th state can make its servants immune from punishment for violating the ordinary lawa of the land." (The Ontario Securities act of 1937, exempting th securities commission from actions for libel or slander). "It. can engage in any kind of business, either as a monopoly or In competition with its citizens." (Many cases are listed.) "It can limit the number of those engaging In any business." (The Ontario Municipal Amendment act, 1937.) "It ran Interfere with the conduct of any . business, either n general or In particular." (The Ontario Farm Product Control act of 1937.) "It can make one of It creatures and, a fortiori, any of its subjects execution proof, and no longer amenable to legal process." the syndicate, and charged them with disturbing the peace. Th four were lodged In jail. Demanding their release on ball, mob of about 200 advanced on the jail. Prison officials refused to give them up. ATTEMPT TO REOPEN DRUMMONDVILLE PLANT. MONTREAL. Aug. 16. Wh'lle the Dominion Textile company announced an attempt to re - open its strike - closed mill at Drummond - ville, Que., leader In a strike of 10,000 worker retorted last night none of th company nine mm would open until it had signed a contract with th National Catholic Federation of Textll Workers. FALSE TEETH CLEANED WITHOUT BRUSHING! Miracle Powder Diuolves All Suing, TarUr, ami Odor in 5 to 15 Minutes Like New Put your plaU or removable bridge In small glass of water. Then add a little Polident powder and watch all foul deposit vanish Ilk magic I Absolutely harmless. Your plat gleam. It's sweet and clean as new. No mora denture breath. No more dangerou crub - blng and scouring. Your dentist will tell you that Poll - trie to show China In as bad light a possible. She claims China to be a backward nation, that her leader are only bandits of the wont kind, and that th Chines are anti - Japan." 'Japan give these as her rea sons for her desire to com in and rule , China aafely and . sanely through, of course, the Manchurian emperor, who woum oe . maoe Chineie emperor when tne proper time presented itself," Dr. Shlh aaid. These claims may have been true 25 year ago, but not today, he believed. , . Lett All Chines Trad "Japan ha already, by her policy, lost all her trade in China for the Chinese people refuse to deal with them, and I really don't know whether there will be civil war in Japan in the next five years or not The Japanese people are so poor they are really unable to up - oort the army that present - day science demands, and that Japan now has." "You may ask why Is Chang, who has always been peaceful, now re - dsting a Japanese invasion. It is only this. China has reached her limited patience by her sufferings In the last few years, and driven on by the dynamic force of the students behind the central government at TJanklng, she la prepared to commit "national suicide" if the occasion demands. "Th only conclusion of thl whole crisis, 1 that either the Chineie soldiers be annihilated, or that peace be restored by arbitration with the added exertion of British, American and French influence on Japan. "Neither the Chinese or Japanese people want to fight," Dr. Shih said. "They are peaceful people but both have got to fight, one by the compulsion of tnelr government and the other by the compulsion, of circum - itanres. (Onario Power Commission amend ment act of 1937.) But the most noteworthy changes in itatute law found by the committee during 1937 were the Quebec Act respecting Communistic propaganda and th Manitoba act to prevent strikes and lockouts in induitry. The Manitoba act provides, with appropriate penalties, that after an application has been made by a company or strikers for a board of conciliation, or during reference of the dispute to a board, no employer shall declare or cause a lockout and no employee shall go on strike. The report almost departs from its precise and chilly language of the law courts In dealing with Quebec's padlock law. The attorney general of the pro - lnA 1 - . t . J ...IftU Ik. upon satisfactory proof that a house has been used for propagation of Bolshevism, to order clos ing of the house against its use for any purpose whatsoever for a period of not more than one year. Without Restraint The report remarks the law "gives the attorney general great powers which he can exercise in the first instance without the slightest judicial restraint, and takes away all the safeguards which even an ordinary criminal enjoys before conviction. It is true that after the padlock is locked, the owner may apply to the court for relief, but Communism Is not defined by the art, and ther are probably very few people, including the judges, who can tell what Communism is. . "From the point of view of our jurisprudence, it might be as well to observe that possibly it is under laws such as this that In other lands the homes of respectable and law abiding citizen are ransacked simply because their owner do not wear a brown or a black shirt," th report of th commit tee sates. CHANGE TO THIS cool sor.ir.iEn LAXATIUE That maimer don't aaler the diaoomtort of la irregular lyilcm. or o laiativaa that dieturb I our aleep and work harehly. lml Feen - a - mint eepaou "regular". Feea - a - rnint n the laxetiva that ia diferent ia taata diarmi ia the way you take it and what diereaca there h ia the my it halpa you! You cacv Feaa - a - aunt luat lika gum. Ita mint Savor ia cooling and retraabing. Ita gentle actios aaanrea comfort. Ne upaat atomacb. No griping, feea - a - aunt la convenient to carry and aonvaaient to lake and ebildrea aa well aa adulta enjoy ita cool. hvimmuw mbm. ei amuieei, me and 49m lor tha economical familv ham. Vac r. u vrita Dvpi. P St, it cent - nun t, Toroato. dent It a great scientific miracle. It is made and guaranteed by th famous Wernet Laboratories approved by Good Housekeeping Bureau. And user ay It I wonderful the way It make teeth look Hvt and natural - ends that "false" look. Just try It - ask your druggist for a 40 cent can of Polident. It will last a long time - and you'll be delighted.
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