BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS TO* DOMINANT NEWSpkltiB Of HORTHEA8T ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL XLIX NO QQ Blytheville Courier Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTTHTPVTT T V AT? TO WSAS THURSDAY JULY 16, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES SINOLT 1 COF 'IITSI PTVW PWTfl Reds Reveal Shake - Up In Ukraine East German Official Also On Purge List BERLIN (AP) — The Communists announced a shakeup in the Soviet Ukraine today in the mushrooming purge of security and justice officials in the U. S. S. R*. and in restive East Germany. In the third Communist shakeup In the last two days, Moscow radio announced the appointment of Timofiy A. Strokach as interior minister of the Ukrainian republic —second biggest of the 16 in the Soviet Union and long reported to be a hotbed of nationalist resentment against Kremlin dictates. Last night East Germany's puppet government announced it had purged Max Fechner, minister of justice, as "an enemy of the republic." This is a charge punishable by death. In Fechner's place the Reds named "Red" Hilde Benjamin, a woman jurist with a reputation for dealing mercilessly with crimes against the Red regime. The purge follows the booting of Lavrenty P. Beria, the former Soviet police boss, and apparently results from that act. The officials affected are those dealing with law enforcement or internal security —the task of keeping the people in line. The ousting of Fechner, a Socialist turned Communist seven years ago, came 12 hours after Moscow radio had announced the FOOD FOR EAST BERLINERS — East Berliners crowd around stands on the East-West border in the borough of Kruezberg to buy fruit at a "relief" market, at which the fruit was sold at just over one- sixth the normal price. The supply was gone in three hours. Stands were supplied with West Berlin city funds, supplementing donations of milk and fruit. East Berliners stormed across the sector border to take advantage of the relief supplies three days after their government rejected a U. S. offer of $15 million worth of food for them. (AP Wirephoto via radio) USAFFund Cuts Don't Affect Base Added Money Sought Isn't Part Of Omnibus Bill House Slashed Cuts in Air Force construction under an appropriation bill passed by the House in Washington yesterday do not affect status of the airbase here. purging of one of Berai's top lieutenants in the Soviet republic of Georgia. He was Minister of State Security Vladimir G. Dekano- zov. The broadcast said he was expelled from the party. Presumably he also lost his government job. The Soviet Ukraine 'has always been a headache for the men in the driver's seat in Moscow. It is a rich grain-producing area and vital to the Soviet economy. When Hitler's troops overran the Ukraine I in the last war many Ukrainians reportedly welcomed them at first as deliverers from Communist tyr- See REDS on Page 5 The slashes came In an omnibus bill which altogether cut $168,155,584 from funds for Civil Defense and Overseas Information as well as construction by the Air Force, Passed 244 to 154, the bill is said to ! the most drastically reduced major money bill in recent years, repre- icnting an 84 per cent cut in money asked for those facilities. Rep. E. C. (Took) Gainings told he Courier News this morning that he additional $5,670,000 being sought :or the air base here is not involved n the cut. The additional appropriation be- ng asked is now in the form of an 'authorization request" in the Senate, Representative Gathings said, and will be introduced in the House n the some manner. Actual appropriation request for ;he $9,676,000 probably will not come before the new Congress con- r enes, he said, pointing out that in asking for the "authorization request' 'to spend the funds, if they are later made available, the Air Force is merely telling Congress of its future plans for approval at this time. Some 9,000,000, approved and appropriated, has already been made available for reactivation of the former World War II base here, with construction of first reactivation facilities expected to begin next month. Sportsmen Study Fishing Problem Posed by Drainage at Big Lake Sportsmen in this area, fearful of losing prime fishing and duck hunting spots around Big Lake due to the present drainage situation and proposed projects for futher draining of the area, are planning a meeting for next Thursday night, in an effort to find a solution to the problem. •• Sportsmen s:-iy a proposed plan by Drainage District No. 17, in conjunction with fanners in the area, to cut the new bar pit out and drain it into the Headway south of Highway 18 will endanger not only fishing in the new bar pit, but will also drain the north- south ditch and the good fish- jnj? and duck hunting area in between which is owned by the State Game and Fish Commis- sion. Estimates from other sources contend that while the water level will be lowered the area drained entirely dry. Farmers contend that the present level of water in the new. bar pit causes water to seep under the n?w levee and damage crops. • ; '"' ' ' ' '"• No definite course of action has been formulated by sportsmen as yet, though it is hoped that a resolution will be adopted at the meeting requesting the State Game and Fish Commission to close up the openings surrounding its property in order to hold the water in. This would require a dam across the north- south ditch and dams across sev- eral openings and laterals draining into the ditch and into the new bar pit. An engineer from tbr 1 game and fish commission is scheduled to be present for n*: xt week' 5 ! meeting. A oth&Lx pi fo b" k i t ed at lie ?} eetmg, nit ortsmen indicated, is the drai ing of the Federal game refuse west of Big- Lake which is taking place as a. result of a break in the Sand Slough Dam some time ago. Some feel that the only way to save the area for hunting and fishing is a dam across the floodway in the vicinity of the Highway 18 bridge. USDA Official Urges Encouragement 1 and Not Restriction STATE COLLEG.E : Miss. W) — Director Romeo E. Short of the Agriculture Department's Foreign Agricultural Service said today the United States needs a new foreign trade policy that will encourage rather than restrict exchange of goods. American agriculture, he said, is running into trouble because of declining export markets. "This means surpluses, lower prices, storage problems, acreage reductions and marketing quotas," Short said. "Our greatest assurance against regimentation of American agriculture lies in finding a solution to our trade problems," he added in a speech prepared for a Farm and Home Week assembly. "We need not fear a liberalized foreign trade policy. The record clearly shows that we have always had greatest farm prosperity during periods of greatest foreign trade — and by trade I mean imports as well as exports." Short said it was the hope of the Eisenhower Administration to make improvements in foreign trade policies 'next year. He continued : Weather ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy this Afternoon, tonight and Friday with scattered thundershowcrs; not much change in temperature. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy to- nifihfc and Friday with a few scattered thunderstorms west tonight and southwest Friday;,little change in temperature; low tonight in upper 60s; high Friday 85-95. Maximum yesterday—30. Minimum yesterday morning—68. Sunset today—7:13. Sunrise tomorrow—4:59. Mcnn temperature (midway between h! !i nnd low)—79. Preclp. last 24 hours to 6:30 p.m. yesterday—none. Preclp. Jnn. 1 to date—3042. This Date I.ast Year Minimum this morning—75 . Maximum yr.itnrcluy— !)!>, Prcclp. Jan. 1 to date—26.44. Burns Fatal To British Writer Belloc GTJILDFORD. England <&}— Hilaire Belloc, 82, poet, novelist and historian, died today from burns received wncn ne lell into a fireplace at his home Sunday. Belloc was one of the literary gia nts who dominated the decades at the turn of the century. Through two generations, beginning in 1896, Belloc's facile but meticulous pen poured out a seemingly endless cascade of brilliant essays, novels, histories, poetry and light verse. Altogether he wrote 153 books. He was born in Prance, but became a British citizen in 1902. Belloc was widely known as a controversialist. He not only debated religion and politics, but also set himself up as a military critic and throughout World War I and for years thereafter analyzed the various battles- A favorite protagonist was H. G. Wells. In 1938, Belloc became a visiting profcssor'ln current history in the graduate school at New York's Ford ham University. He had visited the United States earlier on lecture tours. Many British critics regarded BelLoc as one of the most pohohed masters of the English language. This was Belloc's own epitaph, composed half humorously: . "When I am dead I hope it may be said, His sins were scarlet but his books were read." Optimism on Outcome Of Such a Session Noficeably Absent BONN, Germany f.fl — The Western Big Three's bid for Russia to I join them in autumn talKs about 'Germany and Austria drew a generally favorable response around j Europe today. Optimism about, the! outcome of such talks was notable i for its absence, however. There was no official Communist reaction yet, but Western dipio-; mats figured the Kremlin might • say yes. These observers were: among those doubtful that any '. "T" M. real results would be achieved. j | Q\ \\\ \Q 300 Yanks Trapped in Red Assault EAST CENTRAL FRONT, Korea tiP)— At least 300 Americans of an overrun artillery battalion were killed or captured Tuesday during the great Chinese Red surge vuy^est of'Kumsong. t a t-?bly the v." -<l SL '- u a te i ce the Reds cut up the 38th regiment of the U. S. Second Division at Hoengsong Valley in February, 1951. The battalion was firing in support of the Republic of Korea Capitol Division when 1,000 Chinese surprised and swarmed over its 105 mm. howitzers. THE SOUTH Korean "unit in front of the artillery battalion faded away under overwhelming Chinese pressure without warning the Americans. Capt. Guy A. Giampa of Fayetteville, N. C-, executive officer of the battalion, said the howitzers were firing at 3,00 yards. "The next thing we knew, the Chinks were 200 yards in front of us," 'he said. "Two of our batteries fired pointblank, sighting through the tubes." The Americans wrestled with the Chinese on the parapets and gun positions but few succeeded in getting away. Only five of the howitzers were pulled out. The others either were blown up by Communist shellfire or made useless by magnesium grenades which welded the breech blocks to the tubes. Truce Hit By New RedDelay PANMUNJOM UPI—The Conm- nists called today lor a recess until Saturday in the Korean armistice negotiations—presumably to consider a new Allied proposal—as South Koreans Halt Red Push Assault By 17,000 Smashed Ry JOHN RANDOLPH SEOUL, Friday (AP)—South Korean infantrymen, ordered by their commander to "stay, fight," smashed to a standstill by last midnight a 17,000-man Chinese Red assault on the key road hub of Kumhwa in east-central Korea. The Chinese, swinging westward ..__,_ _. ti ie brung of an offensive begun speculation mounted that a break i as (, Monday along a i>0 mile front. is near in the stalemated talks. Authoritative quarters had predicted a showdown today. But the negotiators talked only for 24 minutes, and then recessed until 2 p. m. Saturday. There was no official hint what went on during the brief meeting, which was delayed for 15 minutes while the U. N. Command delegation awaited a hurried message from its base camp at Munsan. But observers outside the weathered conference hut noted that Allied interpreters held the floor most of the time to deliver three separate statements. Communists Correspondent Alan Winnington ot the London Daily Worker said the Reds asked for the recess, suggesting that the Communists planned to relay n new U. N. proposal to headquarters for an answer. Gen. Mark Clark, the U; N. commander, flew to Seoul from Tokyo today and accused the Reds of vio- iating the secrecy which shrouds the armistice talks. Clark told newsmen a peiping I radio report that Allied delegates staged a walkout at yesterday's •'^QUating 1 session "violated the executive nature of the truce sessions." The Peiping radio turned secretive again Thursday night. The broadcast said only; "At the Korean armistice negotiations in panmunjom the delegations of both sides held an executive session today." Clark talked for 50 minutes with South Korean President Syngmun Rhee. There was no Einnounccirmnt of what was discussed but informed sources said the two talked of the truce talks at Panmunjom and the massive Communist attack on the East-Central Front. j Prime Minister Paik Too. Chin BVD WINNER GETS PRIZE— C. Cotzer ot 101 West Vine (right) Is shown receiving a $5 merchandise certificate as one of the winners in yesterday's Blythcvllle Value Day drawing. Presenting the award is W. M. McKenzie, manager of a participating store, and watching the proceedings is Shela Ann Yancy of South Highway 61, who drew the winning tickets. Top winner of $50 was A. Fred Smith of 313 East Kentucky. Winners of $10 each were Mary Stanley and Martha Mead of Blytheville, and E. L. Dye of Armorel. Winners of $5 were Mr. Crotzer, Becky Fisher, and R. H. Love of Blytheville and Nora Nichels of Steele. (Courier News Photo) had sent two full divisions last night toward Kumhwa on the western flank of the Kumsong Bulge. Although the South Koreans reported stopping the new rush, the final outcome of the renwed Red push remained to be seen. Farther to the east, three South Korean divisions spearheaded by tanks reported gains of up to a mile in counterattacks aimed at getting back to the Kumsong river. The ebb and flow of the fighting was so swift that many units of the opposition were being trapped. About 15 miles to the northeast, _, r r ri South Korean troops backed by eenso/1 io/5 bUfYGy Shows: thunderous U S. nr, artllcry and I tank support recaptured up to a mile of groqncl lost to the greatest Red offensive in two years this week—an offensive which American staff officers said the Chinese launched while using uniformed Russian officers as military advisers. "The Chinks want Kumwha and they're trying hard to get it," naid Ma.). Joseph L .Harvath, an operations adviser. He said Home South Koreans were pulled back from outposts on orders as the Reds hit. The new Lmtlie for the vital communications center was about 15 miles southwest of the Kum- SOIIET River front, where three South Korean divisions—about 45,000 soldiers--bucked by American tanks find artillery—drove the Chi- ne.se biick as Thursday. No look purl in spokesmen H;M Planes Soften mttch n.s u mile U. S. infantrymen the attack, Army Farm Programs Need Overhauling FRESNO, Calif (AP) — Secretary of Agriculture Benson said today the best-trained professional people in agriculture agree that present farm programs are headed for serious trouble. He said lie had found in a personal survey these people believe the programs need major overhauling. Benson said lie had written (iO •& — ___^ lenders at agricultural col- Missco s Heart lanii leges, directors of research insti- tutiuns and to other leaders In [arming affairs, without regard to political affiliations, asking their views on farm programs, particularly government price supports. West German Chancellor Kon- ra ' Ade auer welcomed the proposal for the talks. So did his chief opposition at home, the Socialists, but they charged the suggested Summer Session To Begin Monday elections Sept 6. p rnarnenta, d ' „-,,.„_. « ™ ^i term Monday, It hcre loday ' Air Force, Nnvy, and Marine and Australian jet warplanes which and Defense Minister Sohn Won II ( softened up the Reds in the first sat in on the meeting. iday of i;ood flying weather since Clark also conferred with Gen. the big Red assault opened. Responses—which the secretary estimated involved views of perhaps 500 individuals — generally agreed, he said, that future farm programs should be tailored to the South K o r e :i n s struck under : needs of each specific product i umbrella oi hundreds of U. 8. j miner than attempt to force all commodities into the same kind of program. Association Now Can Keep Half of Funds for Use Here Maxwell D. Taylor. 8th Army cum- mander, on t.he military situation. Clark's sudden arrival heightened speculation that a crisis of some sort was impending at Fanmun- jom. * • • Efforts to wrap up the final Associated Press Correspondent Forrest Edwards reported the Chinese falling back disorganized from territory they gained Monday and Tuesday in a massive offen- suve which carried an officially- disclosed four miles. U. S. tanks and big guns ham- details of a truce apparently have mered the Communists and waves been stalled by Communist de- j of Allied warplanes flew more than mands for ironclad guarantees that South Korea would honor a twice and for the recapture of 27,000 anti-Communist Korean prisoners freed on orders of President Rhee last month. Red newsman Winnington has told Western correspondents that the Communists are not satisfied with results ot conferences between Rhee and U. S truce envoy Walter Robertson. Informed sources here speculat- 10 : 000 strikes. They shot down three Red MIG jets in aerial battles and damaged two others, shot up three Red planes on the ground and destroyed three Red tanks, the Air Force said. Gen. Maxwell Taylor, U. S. 8th _ _ a _._ Army Commander, made a hur- high supports The secretary ried inspection trip to the flaming i self has criticized high supports East-Central Front, then returned on the grounds that they do not The Mississippi County Heart Association has been chartered ... . 'a local affiliate of the Arkansas a brief outline of . Heart Association, R A Walsh his survey in a [public .relations Director of the speech prepared for ,a meeting j state association, announced at a .sponsored by the Agricultural i meeting of the county group last Council of California, the Califor- r'~ht. Benson gave the results of nia Farm Bureau Federation, the California State Grange, the Cal- .. ifornia State Chamber of Com-i the Mississippi County association merce and the California State I is ' ne flrst ln Arkansas to be per- Board of Agriculture ! mitted to keep 50 per cent of its !/-.._.,_ ,_.. loca] use> Mr ^ WrUsQ One of the few county organiza- lions approved for local affiliation, f ° r Most Prefer Chan S c "Wilh th the exception of tobacco ', The charter received by the and possibly collon," Benson said, counly was 'a result of a compre- "il was generally thought thai re- hensive program of heart work stricted production was not the an- \ r Banned for the county during the " | remainder of this year and next which includes the establishment of a Heart Station at each of the to his headquarters here. Frontline reports filtering through heavy censorship said huild markets but invite competi- tlon of substitutes and hamper needed adjustments in farm pro- was announced ed that the U. N. delegation may | there was no major fighting in the auction. have told the Communists in strong 115-mile stretch between the north- The consensus, i terms that if the Reds want an I ward-pressing ROKs near the armistice they must accept some i Kumsong River and the Reels' new Sec TRUCE on I'age 5 | Set KOK on Page 5 B ested thBt P" rents ^company be- on their Jlrst day brl lrr with them the cnlkrs blnh certificate. School will begin at 8 a. m. and dismiss at 2:45 p. m. during the summer term. New ANG Unit Is Authorized LITTLE ROCK. W)—The Arkansas Military Department said yesterday that authorization has been given for a new National Guard unit at Meber Springs and to increase the strength of several other units. The new group will be Company B of the 875th Engineer Aviation Battalion with a maximum strength of 160 men and officers. Lt. Col. Ernest L. McDanlel, assistant adjutant general, said the new unit will start operations soon after Aug. 1. tious approval. Non - Communist West German papers were reserved. Moscow observers anticipated Soviet acceptance of the eWstern invitation because of recent Russian expressions that they would welcome any peace move, and that reunification of Germany is essential to peace. But the Associated Press Correspondent Thomas P. Whitney cabled from Moscow that the So. 32^ f^'^hp ssssjs .^rssx = h jr. on Tuesday that the recen re-. cls of the . rkansas Economic bemon m East Germany gave, council-State Chamber of Com?5? ,° f ,"" ? "l?.^"?™"'merce. it was announced in. Little 2 Missco Men On SCC Panels M'Carthy Asks Ex-Probers to Return and the indomitable determination for freedom of the inhabitants of these areas." 77 Polio Cases LITTLE ROCK I* — Seventeen new cases of Polio were reported in Arkansas last week bringing the total for the year to 84. Last year Rock today by C. Hamilton Moses, president of the AEC-SCC. J. H. Grain of Wilson was named to serve on the "Community and State Problems" panel, and Mayor Ben F. Butler of Osceola was named to serve .on the "Industrial Development" panel. Jackson (D-Washj quit the subcommittee after the four Republican members voted to give McCarthy sole power to hire and fire staif employes. — „ _„._.. In revolt «Kainst what they called according to Dr. J. T. Herron, j ment to purchase one of this city's! onc-mnn rule, the Democrats said .,-.. t-..,.,_ ... _. | they could not accept the rcspon- Hotel Peabody Sold MEMPHIS an - The Alsonett ho- at this time the state total was 57, i tel chain today signed "an agree- By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON Ml—Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) sent a "Ict's-bury-the- hatchet" letter today to the three Democrats who angrily resigned last week from the Senate Investigations subcommittee he heads. "The door IK open for your return," the letter said. Saying he was Writing with the approval of the three other Republican members, McCarthy declared: "I want to assure you that if you have changes to suggest in our methods of operation, we shall.be happy to sit down around the committee table to discuss your viewpoints with you and to consider your suggestions and recommendations." Senators McCIellan (D-Ark). state health officer. , ...,..,,. ,,„ jj ul v,iin,-i(.- UUK til l|| I top hotels, The Peabody. sibility without any authority. McCarthy's letter, however, minimized the authority conferred on him. He wrote the Democrats: Asks Return "I sincerely hope you will not permit such differences of opinion * * * Benson said the responses generally but not unanimously preferred flexible farm price supports I lw ° <~' mmt -y hospitals. over the present system of ritrid ! atS ^ en '. f clm ! cs " e to be helci at the stations for the purpose of diagnosis of heart disease in school children of the county. Plans or use of the funds from the 1053 Heart Fund Drive include the purchase of an electrocardiograph for each of the county hospitals. Contributions by i-ommunitie.s m j the February drive were: Blythe- I villa, SI.485.CJ; Osceola, SMS' Manila and Milligan Ridge, S385.77; Wilson. Marie and Evedale. S185.65- Leachville, $170.07; Luxora and Victoria, $155; Dell Little River and Lost Cane, S116.46; Keiser, S10S.54; Number Nine, $60.86' Joiner, S69.44; Yarbro. $43.30: Burdette, S3S.50; Dyess. 524 58- Ar- : morel, $15.61; Bassett, $4.80. Benson said was: "If we have flexible price sup- i See FAIIM on I'age 5 among us on details of our housekeeping to cause you not to continue the service which you have been rendering the country , . ." The walkout over vesting McCarthy with complete control over See MCCARTHY on Page 5 * * if. Matthew sShould Testify-Velde By HARRY SNYDER WASHINGTON W>—Rep. Velde (R-I11) told newsmen today he believes J. B. Matthews should be Riven an opportunity to tell the House Un-American Activities Committee what he knows about Communist infiltration of the clergy. But Vclde added that a decision on Matthews' request to testify will be left to the committee at a closed meeting Monday. Velde, chairman of the committee, said, however, that he is "not golnft to allow It to get Into a Protestant-Catholic or rellglou.r fight." He said tin committee would be interested "only in the facts." Matthews, who resigned under fire last week as executive staff director of the Senate Investigating subcommittee headed by Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) said in his letter to the House group yesterday that his request was suggested by "hundreds 01 citizens from all parts of the United States." He said these citizens want him to "present exhaustive documentation on the Communist infiltration of the clergy." "I will welcome such an opportunity if my appearance is agreeable to your members," Matthews added. Aides Reported With Chinese KIMSONG BULGE. Korea W) — American officers said today Russian military advisers are serving with some Chinese divisions which struck along the Kumsong front- The officers said the uniformed Russians were identified as divisional advisers. There was no immediate official confirmation of the report. There was no indication how many Russian advisers were with the Chinese -.attackers. Apparently t.he Soviet military experts were at divisional headquarters level or higher. This dispatch was heavily censored when first submitted and wa> rewritten to conform to U- N. Command security requirement*.
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