The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 15, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, July 15, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOU'IKIAST MISSOURI YOL. XLIX—NO. 98 Blytheville Courisr Blytheviile Daily Me* Mississippi Valley L«»dar Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JULY 15, 1953 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS B-36's Likely to Be Based Here 'Joint Use 1 Unlikely for Private Craft Blytheville's coming Air Force base will he used by the country's only type of intercontinental atomic bomber currently in operation it appeared today, though military authorities would not officially disclose its status. The huge B-36, with six conventional and four jet assist engines, is America's largest bomber in active service at this time, and most likely will be the backbone of the long-distance bomber wing to be stationed here. Blytheville's base is scheduled to be used by the Strategic Air Command, which is using B-36's and jet-powered B-«'s. However, latest reports from Washington hearings indicate that B-36's will be based at Blytheville and B-47's at the new field near Little Rock. The • plane is capable of delivering atomic bombs up to 5,000 miles before returning to its home base. Originally slated for Selma, La., Air .Force 3ase, near Monroe, the bomber wing was shifted to Blytheville when economy cutbacks caused changes in Air Force base plans. Eventually the B-36's are to be replaced by B-52 jet bombers, now under developement. Blytheville had previously been scheduled as the site of a troop carrier wing of the Tactical Air Silhouette shows size of Banshee compared to B-36 It can carry a 10,000-pound bomb load 10,000 miles without refueling and operate at an altitude of 40,000 feet. Over shorter distances it can carry a bomb load up to 36 tons. Plane's gross weight is 278,000 pounds. IE* —•• . the B-36 . . . silhouette (upper right) shows its size compared to the Navy's Banshee jet fighter. . . Command, with "flying boxcars" and heavy cargo planes to be based here, but when cutbacks eliminated proposed construction of many new bases, the Air Force said such carrier troop wings would be kept at "existing installations." The Air Force has asked an additional appropriation of $9,676,000 for construction here, to be added to $9,382,000 already at disposal of the Engineer's Corps, base builders. Proposed construction, along with the Air Force's current evaluation of the base at 518,409,000, would bring the total value of the field of the the Air Force to $35,240,000, it was reported from Washington. Reports that the Air Force had worked out a "joint use agreement" with Civil Aeronautics Administration authorities and the City of Blytheville appeared false. Seeking to verify reports of such an agreement this morning, the Courier News contacted city officials, the Civil Aeronautic: Administration branch at ort Worth, Tex., and Maj. Gen. uee B. Washbourne, director of Air Force Installation, at Washington. AH disclaimed knowledge of such an agreement to date. It was suggested here that, with a Strategic Air Force atomic bomber wing stationed here, security restrictions would be strict, with little opportunity for such joint use. General Washbourne would only say that oc- cassionaly joint use is permitted when considered "essential to the national defense." Russia Challenged To 4-Power Meet By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — United States, Britain and France posed an immediate challenge to Russia today to join in a four-power foreign ministers meeting aimed at re-uniting East and West Germany. . The call for a session next autumn on Germany, and on completing an Austrian Independence '; treaty, was agreed upon by Amer- \ican, British and French foreign ministers In a five-day conference which ended with issuance of a communique last night. Notes from all three Western governments were prepared for dispatch to Moscow within 24 hours. 35 Arkansas Counties Given Disaster Status WASHINGTON fcB — President Eisenhower today extended the drought disaster area to 35 counties in Missouri where the lat,.. Uer has l grazing and other livestock feeds. ^2 counties in a shortage of The foreign ministers also issued a warning to the Reds in Asia that. if they break an armistice with a new aUack on South Korea, the United States, Britain and France will again go to war. Up to Russia \ The proposal on Germany represents initiative by the West to put squarely up to the Kremlin—in the face of its internal Beria purge and in the light of anti-Communist unrest in East Germany—a challenge to do something definite nbout one oE the world's worst jjgurces of tension. Secretary of State Dulles, Acting British Foreign Secretary Lord Salisbury and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault also called for restoration of "true liberty" to the Soviet satellite peoples of Eastern Europe and announced that if those countries achieve freedom the door to unity with the community now being created in Western Europe is open to them. On Par Eastern problems, the three ministers announced that economic embargoes against Communist China would be continued indefinitely after an armistice and that the policy of barring Red China from the United Nations would continue pending further consultation. Britain and Prance joined with the United States in pledging to work for peaceful unification of Korea. The three warned Red China against using prospective peace in Korea for new aggressions elsewhere in Asia Eye Indochina War They said also they had considered measures for winning the war against communism in Indochina. If Russia' accepts the bid for a See RUSSIA on Page 14 -* Ike Asks $15^ For Farm Aid Loans WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower today asked Congress to appropriate 150 million dollars for "emergency assistance to farmers and stockmen." The money would finance the be extended to established produ- live-stock: loan program being set up under legislation signed by the President yesterday. It is aimed at helping farmers maintain livestock operations despite local feed shortages and depressed livestock prices. Eisenhower's request was made in a letter to House Speaker Martin (R-Mass.) At the Agriculture Department, R. L. Farrington, acting director of agricultural credit services, said the department will be ready quickly to handle the program. Farrington said the department expects to have special livestock areas, particularly in the drought- loan committees set up in distress stricken Southwest, in a week or ten days to begin processing loan applicatoins. Loans of $2,500 or more will Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon .tonight and Thursday; widely scattered afternoon and evening thundershowers, no important temperature change. MiSSOURI — Partly cloudy tonight and Thursday; few widely scattered thundershowers this evening; little change in temperature; low tonight in 60s; high Thursday 85-92. . Maximum yesterday—8.1. Minimum yesterday morning—68 Sunset today—7:13. Sunrise tomorrow—4:5fl. Mean temperature (midway between hl£h and low)—75.5. Preclp. last 24 hours (6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m.)—none. Preclp. Jan. 1 to date—30.42. This Date ait Year Minimum this mornlnp—74, Maximum yesterday—99. Freclp. Jan, 1 to date—28.41, U.S. Eyes Aid To Nationalists Cautious Look Given Isle Protection Plan ' <VSHINGTON (IK — The United States is taking a cautious look at fresh proposals to help the Chinese Nationalists hold some little islands fringing the south China coast. The island have been excluded from the American protection afforded Formosa since the outbreak of war in Korea. The Defense Department, in reply to questions, said today such suggestions had been received at the Pentagon, and authorized this statement: "Since Formosa is an important question in the free world's resistance to Communist aggression, the U. S. government is constantly reviewing the strategic situation in the area posed by Communist forces in the mainland and on certain of the offshore Islands." The Pentagon declined to disclose the source of the proposals regarding the islands, from which Nation list guerillas have been staging hit and run raids on Red shipping and against other islands held by the Communists. Bids Sought For Highway 77 Bids were asked yesterday In Little Rock by tha State Highway Department for blacktopping of 0.687 miles cf Highway 77 south of Manila, on the Manila-South road. The blacktopping was one of nine construction Jobs with nn estimated cost of about $1,200,000 advertised yesterday. cers and feeders of caLtle, sheep and goats who have what the loan committees consider to be a "reasonable chance" of working out of their financial difficulties, but Who cannot obtain the funds they need from other credit sources. Loans will not be made to enable a man to go into the livestock business or to carry on commercial efed lot operations. Farmers in designated drought, flood and other disaster areas — including those designated by the department as ."economic" disaster areas because of depressed farm prices—may obtain emergency loans of less than $2,500 from the department's Farmers Home Administration. The disaster loans bear 3 per cent interest compared with 5 per cent for the emergency livestock loans. Help Is Sought For 12 Counties Left Off List LITTLE ROCK (*—Gov. Francis Cherry said today he again will ask the Department of Agriculture to give help to 12 Arkansas counties which President Eisenhower's left off the drought disaster list today. The Arkansas Agricultural Mobilization Committee has asked that 47 of the state's 75 counties be approved for aid in the form of livestock feed at cost price to the farmer. But the President approved only 35 counties today, leaving these 12 off the list: Miller, Howard, Sevier, Little The order makes drought victims in these counties eligible for federal relief. Jf- * \ r „ Aj^ansas hifc berti tVniared ah area'"several #eeks ago bnt.tlie counties were not specified until today. Eisenhower sent a telegram to Gov. Phil M. Donnelly notifying him of his action with regard to Missouri; Eight states are now included in the drought disaster area, the others being Texas, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona. Kansas, and Oklahoma, in addition to Missouri and Arkansas. Here are the 32 counties Included in the disaster zone in Missouri: Barry, Barton, Camden, Carter. Christian. Dade, Dallas ,Douglas, Greene. Hickory, Howell, Iron, Jasper. Laclede, Lawrence, Maries, McDonald, Miller, Newton, Oregon, Ozurk, Phelps, Polk, Pulaski, Reynolds. Ripley. Shannon, Stone, Taney, Texas, Webster, and Wright. The 35 counties in Arkansas are: Baxter, Benton. Boone, Carroll, Clark, Cleburne, Conway, Crawford, Dallas, Franklin, Pulton, Garland, Grant, Hot Spring, Independence, Izard, Johnson Logan, Madison, Marlon, Montgomery, Newton, Perry, Pike. Polk. Pope, Saline, Scott. Searcy, Sebastian, Sharp, Stone. Van Buren, Washington, and Yell. Reds Renew Savage Attacks Truce 'Showdown' Said Due Secret Session Thursday Called Vital to Outcome By SAM STJMMERLINE PANMUNJOM (AP) — An authoritative source said tonight a showdown is coming between Allied and Communist truce negotiators tomorrow in a secret session which will "make or break the talks." "There is a very distinct possibility of another breakdown in the talks," the source said. He added that the veil of secrecy will be lifted from the negotiations if there is a breakdown. There were strong indications the showdown would come over Red demands for the recapture of non- Communist Korean prisoners freed last month and Ironclad guarantees from the U. N. that South Korea would honor a truce. The source said tomorrow's negotiating session "will be the showdown. The meeting will make or break the talks." The course, who could not be identified, gave his estimate of the ;ruce situation after the Chinese Communist radio claimed the U. N. Command negotiators walked out" o5 Wednesday's truce meeting But Peiping radio made it clear ,here would be another meeting at the customary hour of 11 a. m. omorrow. The Peiping radio said: "The other side unilaterally declared a recess and walked out of the meetings." No Comment A U. N. Command spokesman said only: "No comment. We never com- ient on Communist propaganda sroadcasts." The negotiators met for 21 minutes Wednesday and the Allied delega- Kjp announced afterward that another session would. b* held at U a.m. tomorrow. Allied officers here were openly pessimistic over chances of an early armistice, but elsewhere there was continued optimism that negotiators would agree soon. Allied officers In direct contact with the negotiations said the Reds have taken a tougher position and are insisting that the U. N. Command provide concrete guarantees that South Korea will observe an armistice. These same officers, who refused to be quoted by name, said the big Communist attack on the East- Central Front indicates the Reds do not plan to sign a truce soon. On the other hand, President Eisenhower's special truce emissary said as he landed in the United States last night that the agreement he reached with President Syngman Rhee "should assure the signing of an armistice if the Communists are sincere in their desire for peace." "We could sign a'truce tomorrow See SHOWDOWN on Page 14 332 More Added To Casualty List . WASHINGTON W) — Announced U. S. battle casualties in Korea reached 138246 today, an increase of 332 since last week. The Defense Department's weekly summary based on notifications to families through last Friday reported an increase of 65 in number killed in action to .1 new total of 22,091 and increase of 276 in wound- id to a total of 102.978. Council Delays Action On Latest Sewer Plan In its monthly meeting last night, the City Council withheld a decision on the Citizen's Sewer Committee's proposal for a "modified" city sewer improvement program until an adjourned meeting called for July 28. Chinese Launch 2-Prong Attack By 3,000 Troops The council also was offered r-oposals concerning an agreement for continued operation of the veteran's housing quarters at the air base by the American Legion and rev '.striding business operations in the city by itinerant businessmen and merchants, taking both under consideration. A letter of resignation from Third Ward Alderman Louis G. Nash was read by Mayor Dan Blodgett. The council temporarily tabled Alderman's resigna- tion, in which he said he was leaving the post due to health, and feeling that poor "the council has done many things for the benefit of the city." City Attorney .Ubert Johnson reported briefly oh the status of the telephone rate Increase fight being carried on in Little Eock by cities opposing the increase before the state Public Service Commission. (See related story on telephone rate hearing on page 2) Arkansan Raps Plan To Alter Cotton Quotas WASHINGTON (AP) — The House Agriculture Committee was told by an Arkansas yesterday that if cotton acreage quota laws are changed, western states would be encouraged to develop lands not suited for growing cotton. H. R. Adams of the Arkansas Agricultural Council told the committee that he urged retaining the present 5-year base period to determine quotas rather than the proposed 3-year period. The latter plan is backed by Western states where cotton crops have increased in recent years. Adams told the committee that in Arkansas the growing of cotton — which provides two-thirds of the state's crop income — has been shifted to counties better suited for growing the staple. He said further shifts would increase average yields and provide greater efficiency in production. He said bringing in new lands would eventually lower the average yield and overall efficiency. George Wilson, president of the California Farrn Bureau Federation, told the committee that a forced cutback next year of cotton plantings under existing law would divert hundreds of thousands of acres into competition with other crops .The committee hearings were recessed subject to recall by Chairman Hope (R-Kan.). Warmer Weather Due for State By THE ASSOCIATED PKESS House-Passed Excess Profits Tax Bill Up for Senate Debate By JOE HALL WASHINGTON CAP) — The House-passed bill to extend the excess oroiits tax for six months — a major item in President Eisenhower's 1953 legislative program — comes up for Senate debate today. Leaders in both parties were suppoi-lin!?; the bill and confident of passage. There was a chance it would be passed and on the way to Eisenhower's desk by tonight—giving him a triumph in the fight that so far has riiisecl the thorniest problems faced by his administration on Capitol Hill. Nearly all of the trouble came in the House, where doughty Rep. Bright Gets Malaria Post Area Supervisor Named for Missco James C. Bright has been ap- The U. S. Weather Bureau said | pointed acting area supervisor (or temperatures will climb back into the malaria control program in the 90s today, ending a week of' Mississippi County with headquart- cool weather for Arkansas. However, the weatherman said the mercury won't go any higher than the 90s for the rest of the week. Cooling showers were forecast for the next few days over most of the state. Since last Thursday, temperatures have averaged three or ten degrees below July's normal SO-d e g r e e weather. The cool wave broke up a long setge of near-100 degree weath- ers in the County Health unit office here. Announcement of Mr. Bright's appointment was made by Dr. J. T. Herron, state health officer, in j Little Rock. Mr. Bright, who has worked for several seasons with the malaria control program here, replaces William R. Summerville, who has been named Inspector at the weight and standards station at the Arkansas-Missouri state line. Daniel A. Reed (R-NY), a bitter foe of the excess profits levy, kept the extension measure stalled In his Ways,and Moans Committee for many weeks. In contrast, the Senate has acted with great speed. The House passed the bill last Friday; Chairman Millikin (R-Colo) called his Finance Committee together yesterdav and the measure was approved nt that session, with no hearings. Minikin's strategy aimed at steering the measure through without any change in the House version. This would avoid a conference with the House at which Reed would be the top negotiator for Lhat branch. In this, he had firm backing from veteran Sen. George (D-Ga), the senior Democrat on the group. Both senators obtained pledges from a number of colleagues not to offer amendments on pet tax ideas unless some other amendment was adopted. The excess profits tax can run the government's take up tl 82 percent of a corporation's profits above those established in the law a snormal. However, there is a provision that a company's combined regular corporation income tax plus the excess profits levy must not total more than 70 per cent of its income. The profits levy expired June 30, but can be renewed retroactively. By JOHN RANDOLPH SEOUL (AP) — The Chinese tonight renewed savage attacks on the East-Central Korean Front with a two-prong, 3,000 man assualt south of Kumsong. The attack broke a day-long lull in the biggest Red off en- i sive in more than two years. 'The new assault—backed by '" tanks—was believed aimed at a' main Allied highway. It was preceded by Chinese probing assaults in the sector that began at dusk. A combination of stubborn South Korean, resistance, driving rain, and a blistering curtain of Allied artillery fire had temporarily stalled the massive Red offensive by 11 a. m. today along a 20-mile front. But an uneasy lull hung over the bloodied Kumsong bulge where ! more than 80,000 Reds ripped Into ; Allied lines in a two-day offen- 1 sive. * As sturdy ROK troops braced themselves against attack in the approaching darkness, Allied light planes reported sighting numerous company and battalion-size buildups. Some 01 the sightings were made in the Kumsong River area, where the ROKs withdrew Tuesday to the south bank under orders from Gen Maxwell D. Taylor. Earlier today, the Eighth Army commander flew to the front for the second straight day and said the line had been stalled. Launch Small Attacks Several small attacks by Bed companies (about 150 men each) were reported late Wednesday afternoon east oi Kumhwa in the em- batiied sector, but there" was no major Communist activity befor* dark, Eighth Army said. Heavier than usual military censorship In Seoul and Tokyo covered news reports describing the depth of.the Red penetration. On the front, Allied forces were ully alerted for further Red assaults. Units were sorted out and redeployed over the bloodied sec,or east of Kumhwa to the Pukhan River. Muddy roads were clogged with supply trucks headed toward the "ront. Artillery fire fell off. American advisers with the ROKs said the Chinese apparently were moving, up their artillery and mortars in iitpport of new positions. ROK soldiers continued search- ng for infiltrators left over from lie big Red push. Two Chinese infiltrating units were shot up Just Quizzing of Bundy by M'Carthy Probers Unsettled By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON ( A P ) — Whether Sen. McCarthy's all- Elver, Caihoun, Bradley, oiiaehita, Republican Senate investiga- Hempstead, Faulkner, Pulaski, I tions subcommittee will call White and Cleveland. No reason was given for withholding aid from the rejected counties. Cov. Cherry promptly said he would appeal to the Agriculture Department to restore the 12 counties and six additional ones to the drought disaster area. Nolan McGhee, of the state PMA office in Little Rock, said aid to the drought disaster counties will be administered by a special state committee. Noland said local level distribution of aid probably will be made by a team composed of the county PMA chairman, the county agent, tKo" county PHA official and two other persona. intelligence official William, P. Bundy for questioning was left up in the air today. A conference with Allen Dulles, director of thr supersecret Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) where Bundy is employed, resulted in at least temporary postponement of McCarthy's plans to question him. McCarthy, Wisconsin Republican accused Dulles last week of blocking the subcommittee's efforts to bring Bundy before it for questioning He called it 'a blatant attempt to flout the authority of a congressional committee." McCarthy told the Senate Bundy had contributed $400 to the de- State Department employe convicted of lying under oath when he denied he had slipped secret papers to a prewar Soviet spy ring. After subcommittee members conferred behind closed doors with Dulles yesterday afternoon, McCarthy said Bundy "may still be' called" but that a decision had been deferred pending attempts to work out arrangements for questioning witnesses without Impairing security. A statement issued by McCarthy, and approved by Dulles, also said the subcommittee will turn over to the CIA all Information it has about Bundy and "Immediately thereafter the agency will re-evaluate Mr. Bundy's security status under President Elsenhower's new security order." CIA officials said Dulles took a firm stand »gnlnst permitting Bun- fcnse fund of Algcr Hlsj, former Ay to testify because of the sitive nature of the intelligence agency. They said there is no present plan to subpoena Bundy, but that If he should be summoned he would be advised not to appear. McCarthy's statement added that "Mr. Dulles assured the subcommittee that there Is no plan to give Mr. Bundy duties In addition to his present assignment." McCarthy had said he understood Bundy was under consideration for assignment as liaison officer between the National Security Council and the Atomic Energy Commission. Hcarinjr Called Off Other developments related to the controversy-ridden subcommittee, from which all three Democratic members resigned last week, included: 1. McCarthy said the subcomlt- tee had cnlled off a he.arlng iwhed- iiled for today to which Dr. Robert L. Johnson had been summoned to explain a new policy he set last week for choosing books that may be used In the State Department's overseas libraries. 2. McCarthy said he had been assured by the FBI that former President Truman did not withhold any information he received from -Canada about an International spy ring. 3. Republican members of the subcommittee. It was learned, discussed the possibility of employing former Democratic Sen. Herbert R. O'Conor of Maryland as executive director to replace J.B. Matthews. 4. McCarthy said that, subject "to taking It up with the other subcommittee members," he planned to name Karl Baarslag of Silver Spring, Md., former head of the Americanism Committee of the American Legion, as the group's research director. before noon. Gen Taylor was accompanied to the front by ROK Chief of Staff Gen. Sun , up Paik. ROK Defense Minister Adm Sohn Won II and Brig. Gen. George C. Rogers, chief of the Korean Military Advisory Group. KOK's Bear Brunt The South Korean troops who j bore the brunt of the Red attack received a personal message from President Syngman Rhee. He told his troops to stand firm and die if necessary to stop the Chinese invaders. He praised them for the fight they have made and exhorted them to even greater efforts. During the day, rumors of news "blackout 1 ' on the Kumsong battle spread through part of the 8th Army. It apparently was based on an Armed Forces Radio Service broadcast that used the word and | the fact that the 8th Army briefing' officer did not cover the Kurnsopgjl fighting in his regular morninj"| press briefing. Pour South Korean reeled under the huge Red attack'! that started just before midnight f Monday, but fought back valiantly. Both sides suffered heavy casualties. "This is the greatest .achieve- I ment of the ROK Army," one high- I ranking Allied officer said. "The | four ROK divisions, with only partial help from American artillery I and supply units, fought one of the great defensive battles and at noon it looks as if they had won it." [ Restored State Fund Cuts Seen LITTLE ROCK W)—Gov. Francis I Cherry said last night that cut* in I money appropriated for state »gen- I cles may be restored if Arknnsal I keeps taking nl revenue at the pre«- | ent rate. The governor added that he plani | to insure the revenue collections t«* mnln at their present level. Cehrty | said the cutbacks merely were "precautionary measure" designed ta| keep the state solvent:

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