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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS TOT DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OT HORTHEABT ARKANSAS AMD SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 97 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Dally Newi i Valley leader BlytheviU* Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JULY 14, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS BASE MAY BE $19 MILLION BOMBER FACILITY Tens of Thousands Of Chinese Hit Allies ROK Lines Are Penetrated And UN Defenses Imperiled Snag Negotiations Hit on Korean Armistice View Reds Fear Rhee • Will Honor Truce Only Limited Time PANMUNJOM (AP) — Allied and Communist armistice delagates met for 39 minutes today and then called it quits until tomorrow, their negotiations apparently snarled by Red fears that South Korea will honor a truce only for a limited time. Official secrecy shrouded developments inside the conference hut, but the Communist Feiping radio said the U. S -South Korean accord "has placed another time bomb In the way to an armistice in Korea." While the delegates talked, the war thundered to its highest crescendo in two years. More than 60,000 Chinese smashed into four South Korean divisions on the East- Central Front. The truce teams called another meeting for 11 a. m. Wednesday. After Tuesday's session, the TJ. N. Command reported that Communist liaison, officers lodged a charge that an Allied shell landed in the Panmunjom neutral zone Sunday. The Reds charged Monday that Allied planes bombed a war prisoner assembly area north of Pyongyang July 10. The u. N, Command has not yet replied to Monday's protest. Although there was no announcement concerning the full-dress truce talks, Communist correspondents outside the hut said the negotiations were "getting nowhere." Their comments usually reflect the official Communist line inside the conference. Seek Clarification Alan Winnington of the London Daily Worker indicated the Beds See TRUCE on Page 16 Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy this By GEORGE MCARTHUR SEOUL (AP)—Tens of thousands of Chinese ripped through South Korean lines as far as four miles in central Korea today in a mounting onslaught that imperiled Allied defense. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, 8th Army commander, said after a first-hand look at the grave situation that KOK defenders were, yielding some ground "as the defense readjusts itself to the new situation." The actual depth of the penetra- aion was being subjected to heavy Allied censorship. Between 60,000 and 10,000 Chinese aimed their sudden assault — the mightiest Red offensive to more than two years — at mainline positions on a 20-mile front east of Kumsong to the Fufchan River. The full weight of the Red assault fell on South Korean rorces, but relatively small U. S. units supporting the ROK's were swept into the attack. Troops from eight Chinese divisions were thrown into the blazing battles in the wake of some of the heaviest Red artillery barrages of the war. Pour Red divisions— about 40,000 men — struck first in rainy darkness just before midnight. Units from the four reserve divisions were fed into the battle as needed, U. S. officers said. Not Unexpected Gen. Taylor, in a statement issued after he returned from a visit to the front, said: "The attack was not unexpected and the defense is extracting a very heavy tool of casualties from the Communists." "Our troops have behaved extremely well," .he said, "in spite of the weight of the enemy pressure and the unfavorable weather. Some ground north and east of the Kumsong River is being yielded as the defense readjusts itself to the new situation. " There were other withdrawals across the blazing 20-mile East- Central Front The 8th Army said earlier that the Chinese had driven at least two miles southward toward the Kurnsong-Kumhwa road network below Kumsong. The Chinese made their deepest penetrations at the west and east afternoon, tonight and Wednesday i flanks of the Allies' bulge into Red with rising temepratures. MISSOURI—Partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday; with a few isolated thundershowers likely southeast and extreme northeast portion tonight not much change in temperatures; low tonight 58-65; high •Wednesday 86-92. Maximum yesterday.—89. Minimum yesterday morning—66 Sunset today—7:14. Sunrise tomorrow—4:58. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—77.5. Preclp. last 24 hours (6:30 p.m. to 6:30 p.m.)—nons. Precip. Jan, I to date—30.42. This Date Last Year Minimum this morning—75. Maximum yesterday—99. Preclp. Jan. 1 to date—26.45. lines, between Kumhwa and Lookout Mountain. The pentrations at both ends of the front could endanger a big segment of the line. Associated Press Correspondent Robert Gibson said the Chinese sent probing units as deep as four miles behind the main fighting. Some Reds were chopped down in crossfire as they tried to get through. Gibson, reporting from the ROK Capitol Division at the west flank, said the Chinese, after breaching the line, tunneled in more troops without thought of cost. "We have cut down two Chines* divisions pretty badly," reported one American officer with the battle-hardened Capitol Division. Officers at the front called the Red artillery fire "tremendous- See WAR on Page 16 ?H3:f«:*«u/;.J -..I Uil in Kim. boll area caused $4 million damage. Lack of rain endangered corn, wktot and alfalfa ^^ m jj Grasshoppers menace ion acres or crop end range land. K principal crop, «• [timated at less than one-third of lost year's bumper crop. 75 counties en 1 disaster list. i 90 per cent of cattle raisers (hove no postures left. Income dropped $120 million under last year's figure. .152 counties declared disaster areas.. t^;^ ».»rf h, cattle feed. Pastures reduced !t> dust in western counties. Grasshopper damage reported heavy to all crops. 40 counties on disaster list. Beat off army worms, but corn, soybeans and pastures were stunted by the drought. Recovery with varying dam-! m army worms that covered ntire state. Now chinch bugs are threatening northwest cornfields. »m,T.T«;nH»«Bj n^u/jkt , n southeastern port expected to cause mulrimillion- dollar damages. Driest June in 21 years destroyed half normal strawberry crop and imperiled. 25 per cent or the cranberry crop. I lost half of cherry crop to spring frost, 40 per cent of peaches to frost and hail and 10 to 15 per cent of its apples to hail. Army worms damaged fields and crops. Crops retarded in some reas by drought. Prompt action gainst invasion of army worms cut down damage. |Cot . they con .send 4800 Mexican laborers back to Mexico before contract time expires because of a poor crop. , much rain and then long dry spell. Pastures and groins reported burning up in northern part of the state. 3 Just recovering'from I last year's drought when present dry spell set in. Stockmen suffering badly. the south and southwest. * Another Top Russian Relieved of His Post MOSCOW By THOMAS P. \VHITLEY — Vyacheslav A. Malyshev, one of the Soviet Union's top engineers and planners, has been relieved of his post as minister of transport and heavy industry in another major government change. The announcement that Malyshev has been replaced by Ivan Isidor- ovich Nosenko was made in the Community Chest Budget $25,867 to Be Sought In Campaign for '54 Operating Funds Budgeting 'lor th 1 * 1854 COrhmuri'; ity ••.C!>™i'"^'iVfc*/'r i JiS drtes^inisf set this mornliisf. when the: Community Chest Board voted to seek 525,681.50 for 19 groups sharing in the chest fund, it was announced by Dr. J. C. Guard, board chairman. The Blythevill Y is the largest single recipient of Community Chest funds, with $11,205 being allocated for that organiaztion, Toler Bucrrnan, who will head the drive said. The amount to be sought represents a slight increase over the S24.551.00 garnered in the '53 drive, but is less than the original $28,- newspaper Evening .-Moscow. The newspaper listed Nosenko as the new boss of the key ministry in an account of a meeting at which it said Nosenko spoke out sharply against the purged deputy premier, Lavrenty P. Beria. (Malyshev, a former deputy pre- miei, was murdered by Western *, "^s-*- <"~j—& one of the most important men in the Soviet Union because he has held key posts in the development of the Soviet industrial War potential. What happened to him was not revealed in the dispatch, par'fi of which still had not been received early today York and Apparently were "' 1st April the Kremlin sent Malyshev to Czechoslovaka to put the finger on mismanagement of that satellite's lagging foundry and steel Industry but he was believed to have returned to the Soviet Union.) Malyshev was a wartime lieutenant general and head of the tank industry. After the war, as head of the Ministry of Shipping, he was responsible for building up the Okays EPT Rider Ike Reported To Believe Truce Near WASHINGTON yP) — President Eisenhower reportedly told congressional leaders today he believes a truce is near in Korea despite the massive new attacks by Communists. The leaders, meeting In their regular weekly White House session with the President, were briefed on the situation in Korea, including the successful negotiations for an agreement with South Korean President Syngman Rhee, Eisenhower was described by some of those who attended as optimistic about the chances for a truce. ' Plugs Aid Program WASHINGTON I Eisenhower, today — President launched a ;!up. by th?, 'Vo:: *<w, neniS~r..f'$j-WV&lgn' of personal persuasion to get from Congress the billion- of dollars he wants for his foreign aid program. He had Chairman Bridges (R- NH) of the Senate Appropriations Committee in for a cozy chat over the breakfast table at the White House, and invited other members of that purse string controlling group to luncheon tomorrow. WASHINGTON IIP] — President Cherry Asks Disaster Status for All of State LITTLE ROCK iffi — Gov. Cherry appealed to the federal government yesterday to declare all of Arkansas as a drought disaster area. In a letter to Secretary of Agriculture Benson the governor said ". .. We would appreciate your encouragement to the PMA to include the entire state of Arkansas as a drought area, rather than the 47 counties as submitted last week." The Arkansas Agriculture Mobilization Committee last week recommended that 41 counties — mostly in west Arkansas — be declared disaster areas. The committee previously had recommended that the entire state be considered drought-stricken, but the Little Rock office of the Production and Marketing Administration rejected the suggestion. Cherry told Benson, "the need for assistance throughout the state Is very apparent and will be more so. .." He said recent rains came "too late." Adding that even If Arkansas farmers received a normal season from here on, it would be impossible for them to re-establish their economy. Hungry East Berliners Dash Across Border to Get Food By DON DOATE BERLIN Wl — Hundreds of hungry East Berliners gave the He to Communist claims of ample food today, storming across the sector border to take advantage of a West Berlin food relief program. , 575.00 budgeted last year and ask- j anti >n October, 1952, was elected •- • •- Soviet Navy. He became a vice chairman of the council of Ministers (the Soviet rabineli in 1947 | Eisenhower was reported to have j pal . t o f t ne border at a special Only three days after their Red government scornfully rejected a y. S. offer of 15 million dollars worth of food, the Easterners made a mass rush to buy privately donated stocks sold along or/' ed in the campaign. If the campaign reacnes its goal, money has been earmarked in this fashion: Girl Scouts, S900; Boy Scoute, $3.600; public library, $2,250; high school band, SI.800; hign , , a full member of the Communist party's Presidium. school P. T. $90; and junior high P. T. A., $90. Lange P. T. A., S90; Central P. T. A., $90; Sudbury P. T. A., $90; Elm Street P. T. A., $30; Harrison High P. T. A., $30; Robinson P. T. A., $30; elementary book- fund, $22.50; Blytheville Y, Sll,205; high school glee club, $90; social welfare, $810; cancer association,, $1,350; Goodfellows, $900; United Defense Fund, $900, and contingency, $1,500. If the goal is not reached in this year's drive, pro-rated cuts will be made in the budgeting for each organization receiving funds. Late Bulletins— H'ASHNGTON (VPj—The Senate Finance Committee today approved President Eisenhower's tax for six months. It made no changes in the bill from the form in which the House passed It. WASHINGTON OP}— Working against a midnight deadline, the j Senate today approved a bili to j let wheat growers plant 62 million acres next year and still get high price support. The compromise measure now goes to the House for expected final clearance- told legislative leaders today he i reduced rate of exchange. is willing to accept an amendment i The relief market opened in te to the excess profits tax bill excusing some small business from the levy, But the President was said to have insisted at a White House conference with the leaders that he would approve such action only if sponsors of the measure believed they would not be opening the way to a flood of other amendments. • • * Refugee Bill Okay Seen WASHINGTON (ffj—GOP congressional leaders predicted alter a conference with President Eisenhower today that an administration bill to admit 240,000 refugees will be enacted before Con- See IKE on Page 16 borough of Kruezberg. with West Berlin city funds supplementing private donations of milk and fruit. Within three hours the stocks were gone, though buying was restricted to persons from the immediately adjoining East Berlin neighborhood. The food was sold at just over one-sixth the normal price. Kreuzberg's Mayor Willy Kressman said the relief market will resume operations tomorrow, with potatoes in stock instead of milk and fruit. The Eastern government admitted the falsity of the Communists' claim they could handle East Germany's food problem without foreign interference. Prime Minister Otlo Grotewohl broadcast a fran- terday. tic appeal for the "entire population," to turn to In the fields and help farmers harvest the sorely needed crops. There was no evidence, however, of any immediate turnout resulting from Grotewohl's appeal and the government's admission of a food scarcity and a "serious shortage" of labor. The private relief program In the Kruezberg borough was only a local stopgap, and German and American authorities still studied suggested ways of getting the U.S. -offered food stocks into East Germany despite the brusque Soviet rejection. Proposals included issuance of coupons which East Germans could redeem in food at special centers set up along the sector border, food distribution through church and welfare agencies, and increased mailing of gift food packages, East Germans continued to flee to the West with 1,358 new refugees registered in West Berlin y $9 Million Sought In New Funds But Money Must Be Voted By Congress Blytheville may wind up with a $19,000,000 jet bomber base. That was the picture today ' after Maj. Gen. Lee Wash- > bourne, Air Force director ol~ installations, told the Courier*"' News that an additional $9 - 676,000 fund .is being sought by the Defense Department for the base, which, if allocated by Congress, will bring total appropriations for the Blytheville base to slightly over S19,- 000,000. The Corps of Engineers' District Office in Little Rock yesterday indicated this would be the case when officers there reported that $9.382.000 had already been banked there at their disposal, and that "if money is now being sought in Washington, it will mean additional funds for the base." For several days, uncertainty had reigned as to whether or not the S9,676,000 constituted an addition to the previous appropriation for the base, or was merely a reduced total for construction here still making the rounds in Waehington's red- tape channels. General Washbourne, however, cleared the matter up immediately via telephone this morning. "The money being sought is for additional construction," he said flatly. After saying he "would not .care to predict" whether Congress would approve and subsequently appropriate the increased allotment, Gen-' eral Washbourne explained that no hearings have yet been held on the request. The Defense Department has merely made formal request for the funds, and the proposed increase- has been explained by the Air Force, he eald. Will Base Jet Bombers "Blytheville is now to get the Strategic Air Command heavy bomber wing previously Elated for Selman Field, Monroe, La.," General Washbourne said. While he would not comment further on the nature of the bomber wing to be sent here, other Washington sources have said the wing originally meant for Louisiana .presently made up of B-38 bombers, is to be composed of jet long-range bombers equipped to deliver atomic bombs up to 5,000 miles or more. Specifically, the additional money is being requested for "lengthening and strengthening the landing strips, enlarging fuel storage facilities, construction of additional training facilities, more troop housing, additional utilities and communications - facilities and more complete medical facilities.' Included in the medical facilities now proposed by the Air Force for the base here is a modern 50-bed hospital and dental clinic, General Washbourne said. It amounts to an extensive build- See AIR BASE on Page 1C BVD Specials Show Variety- BVD specials for this week arc about as varied as the weather this area's twca having tlnct the last bargain day two wtexs ago. On tap, ai usual, are savings over a wide range of items for all. A tire store Is offering a free—that's right, free—set of plastic seat covers with each set of four tires sold. An idcnl time to replace worn tires and Mat cavers at one lime—and with only the price of the tires charged you. Meanwhile, a Jewelry store Is giving those who'd like to have a blrth«tone ring for themselves or for a gift an equal break, by taking one third off all sold on BVD day. Tomorrow's event finds oilcloth Miling at a greatly reduced price, only 3) cents per yard, in 54- Inch widths, an extra special bargain for the home. And an item that's a bargain for any of the family who smoke—and nice to have around for guests, anyway—n smoking stand, can be purchased tor $1—your choice of a wide selection on Hand In a local furnltur* ttor*.