The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 13, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, July 13, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMQtANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 96 Blythevilh courier Blytheville Daily New» UlaLsslppl VaUey Leader BlytheviUe Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JULY 13, 1953 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Bast Mystery Money — $9 Million: Either Cut Or Increase Engineers Say More, Gathings Sees Decrease The air base appropriation puzzle is solved — maybe. After telephone coversa- tions with Washington and Little Rock this morning, it appeared that the $9,676,000 figure now being tossed about in Congress constitutes additional funds being sought for reactivation of the base here. Lt. Colonel Starkey, executive of- licer to Col T. J. Hayes, Little Rock district engineer, said the money now being sought "is additional." Rep, E. C. (Took) Gathings eaid that insofar as he has been able to determine since the new figure hit the news in dispatches from "Washington last week end, the 59,676,000 figure represents the total amount being sought for construction as the result of a new cut. The fund-cutting Jor construction of facilities Leading to reactivation here began about a year and one- half ago- First mentioned in the neighborhood of $25,000,000, the figure began its downward descent as Congress made drastic cuts in de- Jense and Air Force appropriation requests. Finally, in its last session, Congress authorized 511,602,000 for construction here, later apropriating $10,116,000 of that amount. Colonel Starkey said this morning from Little Bock that, of the 510,116,000 appropriated, $9.382.000 has since been sent to Little Rock and is now at disposal of the engineers' office there. Therefore, the $9,676,000 now being sought in Congress | repre-. its a proposed increase which would, if approved, run the total to something more than $19,000,000. Congressman Gathings, who has not been able to keep in immediate touch with the latest developments due to the death of his mother recently in-West Memphis, said that It was his understanding at this time than an effort was being made to cut the $10,116,000 amount to $9,676,000, in line with the continuing cutbacks being made in defense spending. LOW COTTON CROP MAY AVOID CONTROLS on the 1954 crop. Department of Agriculture's first — Drought and bad weather that reduce this year's acreage estimate is 34,618,000 acres under cultivation cotton crop, estimated at two million hales less than on July 1—nine per cent less than last year. That last year's may enable' cotton raisers to squeeze by should produce about a 13,047,540-bale crop. Normal without federal controls on the 1954 crop. Last year, losses and others due to bad weather may reduce the 26,922,000 acres produced a 15,135,000-bale crop. This yield near enough to Secretary Benson's goal to avoid February, Secretary of Agriculture Benson warned that unless farmers produce only a 12-tol2.5-million thraetened controls. Newsmap above shows Agriculture's estimate of acreage in cultivation on July 1 l>a!e crop this year, federal controls would be slapped compared with 1952's acreage. Rhee Reportedly Promising No Obstruction to Armistice Korean Leader Hints At Relaxed Demands SEOUL (AP) — A well-informed source said today President Sygnman Rhee has pledged in writing that South Korea will not obstruct an armistice and Rhee himself indicated his country has relaxed its demand for unification by force. Meanwhile, the Communists charged at the Panmunjom truce meeting Monday that Allied planes Osceola Cannery Closes OSCEOLA — The Mississippi Valley Canning Company is liquidating its firm and dissolving its corporation as a result of a costly fire that razed its plant here in January, it was disclosed today. The fire was reported to have resulted in damages of $175,000 to buildings and production machinery, and losses of $175,000 in canned goods and supplies. The company had 265 persons on its payroll during the quarter prior to the plant fire. With losses partially covered by insurance it was reported at the time of the fire that the plant would be rebuilt, but dissolution papers were filed in Little Rock by the firm recently. Jets, Bombers Plaster Reds in Heavy Raids By ROBERT GIBSON SEOUL (AP) — Allied Sabre jet fighter-bombers and light bomber: took over the battle for Korea's barren hills today and slammed tons of high explosives into Communist front-line positions. Indochina Big Post-Truce Problem '52MisscoTB Cases Below Total for 1951 There were 77 new cases of tuberculosis reported in Mississippi county in 1952 as compared to 106 new cases the year before, according to statistics compiled by the Division of Tuberculosis Control of the Arkansas State Board of Health and released today. Twenty one of these cases were found by the mobile x-ray unit, bringing the total cases in the county to 510 for 1952. The total cases for the preceding year was 469. The number of deaths caused by this disease was 18, an increase of seven over 1951. Mississippi county ranks second in the state in total number of cases with Pulaslu County at the top of the list. Because of a cut in funds, the mobile X-ray unit, which will be here in August, will not be back for two years. Housewives are the most susceptible to this disease with unskilled labor next, according to the .statistics compiled by the State Health Department. WASHINGTONI-Pr—The Western Pov/ers were confronted today with the prospect of intensified war in Indochina as the conflict in Korea slacks off toward a probable armistice. This fact stood out as foreign, ministers of the United States Britain and France neared conclusion of Washington talks. Final discussion, and firm decl sions, if any, were still to be made on such diverse issues as Soviet Policy, possible Big Three and Big Four conferences and Far Eastern problems. The three were scheduled to presume full sessions this morning. The closing meetings will be held tomorrow. More two- way talks between the United States and France and the United States and Britain are also set for today and tomorrow. At one such meeting at the hope of Secretary of State Dulles yesterday, French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault told Dulles there has been a sharp increase in the amount of supplies being received by the Communist forces in Indochina from Red China, beginning about three months ago. At the same time, Bidault laid before Dulles, with obvious hope of increased American assistance a plan just developed by the French commander, Gen. Henri Nevarre, for going on the offen- sive against the Communists in Indochina. . Bidault said the Navarre plan would mean a substantial increase would mean a substantial increase in the present program of expansion of Indochinese native forces. The plan, according to other sources, also calls for an additional 20,000 French troops and an increased expenditure of around 285 million dollars. U. S. officials unde ^food that much of thlit sum woUiu have to come from the United States if it was to be provided at all. Bidualt, however, aid not make any specific request, officials said. Operating Plans For VHQ Drafted Legion Agrees To Run Air Base Housing Quarters Short- Nominated iri WASHINGTON Wl—Romeo E. Short of Brinkley, Ark., has been nominated by President Eisenhower to be assistant secretary of agriculture. The post was authorized under the recent re-organization of the Agriculture Department. Weather ARKANSAS — Considerable cloudiness, scattered showers this afternoon and in southeast portion tonight and Tuesady; warmer Tuesday and in the northwest portion this afternoon. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy to, night, few scattered thundershowers southeast this evening; fair and little warmer Tuesday; low tonight In the GO's; high Tuesday 80 southeast; lower 90's extreme northwest- Maximum "yesterday—87. Minimum yesterday morning—63. Maximum Saturday—86. Minimum Saturday—60, Sunset today—7:15. Sunrise tomorrow—4:57, Mean temperature (midway between hicrv and low)—75. ' ^ Norrpal mean (or June—77 5. Preclp, last 48 hours (6:30 p.m. to 6;30 p.m.)—none. Preclp. Jn.n. 1 to date—30.42. This Date Last Yo.ir Minimum this inf»rnlnp;-~73. Maximum yi;alordfiy- 102, Preclp. J»n. 1 i* d«tt—2«M». Plans for operation of the Veterans Housing Quarters at the Blytheville Air Base, recently purchased from the federal govern- drafted by a City Council committee and will be presented in the form of a resolution to members of the Council at its monthly meeting at City Hall tomorrow night. The proposed resolution calls for the American Legion, which has had charge of the low-cost housing unit, to continue operation on a share-the-profit-plan with the city, John Caudill, committee member, said today. The agreement which has been accepted by> the American Legion, calls for a 50-50 division of profits after all expenses for repair, maintenance and upkeep, plus payment of the cost of the property to the city, have been taKen out by the revenues. The city paid the government $8.522.30 for the land on ialists peoples by force and Daily Worker Calls Beiia Planted Agent NEW YORK «1 — The Daily Worker commented on the fall of Lavrenty P. Beria for the first time today, implied it was a defeat for Eisenhower administration policies and hailed it as a victory for Russia's peace offensive. An editorial in today's worker, the official organ of the American Communist Party, said in part: "In exposing Beria, one of the top leaders of the Soviet state, the Soviet people have obviously nipped a well-hidden agent on whom the enemies of peace and socialism had placed some of their best hopes. "The full ramifications of this network remain still to be exposed to the world by the Soviet Union. But that the imperialists had counted heavily on it can be seen in the eager cries coming from Mr. Dulles, the secretary of state about 'convulsions' of socialist society, and about the implied new change we Americans have to 'liberate' the soc- which the housing unit is located. Repairs First First money coming in from rent of the units is earmarked for repairs and paying off the cost of the property, Mr. Caudill said. The American Legion will have complete authority in operating the unit, subject to approval of the Mayor and the City Council, according to the proposed resolution. Present tenants of the apartments are not In danger of losing their quarters. Mayor Dan Blodgett emphasized this morning. Occupants now living in the dwellings will be allowed to remain there Indefinitely, he said. When the base opens for military personnel, the housing unit will be used primarily for enlisted men and their families, and civilian base workers, but if space is still available, civilians not connected with the base may secure dwelling at the unit, the Mayor said. Of the more than 200 apartments in the unit, only about 40 are being occupied at the present time, he said. Other members of the City Council committee in charge of planning operations for the unit are Jesse White and Rupert Crafton. No Hits, Runs; AH Errors BERLIN (ff)— The cold war reached a ridiculous new low along the border of divided Berlin lost night. Two East German people's police r,pcnt an hour and a half htirlinR rocks at West Berlin police. They didn't score H tingle hit- lence as well as by espionage and wrecking. "After all, neither Dulles nor the Elsenhower administration can boast of any spectacular successes for their 'liberation policies,' their NATO war -machine based on the, German Nazis, or their effort to start the conquest of China by the aggression in Korea ..... "There are few takers now for the 'Soviet Aggression 1 hoax which Dulles has been peddling so vainly as the basis for his plan to revive the Nazi and the Hirohito war machine." Exemption Hike For EPT Sought Senator Sparkman Wants Figure Raised to $100,000 By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (fl—Sen. Sparkman CD-Ala) said today he will give the Senate a chance to vote on raising exemptions to $100,000 when it considers a House-approved bill to extend the excess profits tax till Jan. l. "I'm also thinking about a proposal to change the base years on which the tax is figured, so that new businesses will have more leeway in selecting their base," he said in an interview. Sparkman said his proposal to increase the exemption from the present level of $25,000 to $100,000 before the excess profits levy comes into operation would cost only about 60 million dollars in revenue. He said he thinks it would.be a boon to small businesses which are struggling to build up reserves. President Eisenhower, who asked for extension of the tax for six months, estimated it would bring in about 800 million dollars. It is a levy of 30 per cent, in .ddition to regular corporation income taxes, on profits defined in the law as excessive. There are several ways of computing excess profits, but the most commonly over 35 per cent of a firm's profits used one says they are anything three out of the four years 1946-49. The Sparkman amendment may be only one of a series offered See TAXES on Page 6 As ground fighting tapered off along the devastated 155-mile front, U. S. 5th Air Force planes roared through mist to strike the Reds at frontal areas where heavy action erupted last week. ' Sabres hit Chinese trenches in the Kumsong area of the East- Central Front and eight B26s hurled 1,000-ton bombs on Red po- Old Baldy in west sitions near Korea. Other light bombers concentrated on Chinese troops entrenched on battle-scarred Porkchop Hill, also in the West, which American troops yielded to the Reds Saturday night after five days of bitter fighting. Sixty tons of bombs were dumped on Red lines by midmorning, the Air Force said. Results of the strikes were not immediately assessed. Sabre fighter pilots yesterday scortjrl their biggest MIG victory i?*V$»*/ by 'shooting down seven of th* Russian-made ; fighters. Oh the ground, South Korean infantrymen, In a predawn counterattack, won back an outpost northwest of Finger Ridge and scattered a company of Red troops who had held the East-Central Front position since Friday. ROKs defending two other outposts in the Sniper Ridge area of east-central Korea beat back assaults of upwards of 375 Chinese. This morning's air strikes followed what the Air Force called its biggest truck-hunting night in nearly three months. B26s combing Red supply routes reported they burned or blew up 165 trucks. Fourteen Okinawa-based Super- forts unloaded 140 tons of 500- pound bombs last night on supply targets in northwest Korea. Scattered Texas Rain Helps Little DALLAS WV-Rains soaked crops and pastures in parts of Texas yesterday and more were forecast today. But they were not widespread enough Jo break history's worst drought. Good rains fell in scattered sectors of Central and Northeast Texas and in the El Paso area. There were j « uir c further exploration at another also a few showers—mostly teasers -in the West Texas drought area. The U. S- Department of Agriculture has reported range grass in Texas sun-scorched down to its worst condition in history—worse even, 1934. strafed and bombed a prisoner camp north of Pyongyang last Friday, killing five U.N. prisoners and wounding 15. There was no immediate u.N. reply to the charge. No other results of the meeting were announced. Rhee said in a statement that South Korea may change its methods but not its objective of unifying the country. A well-informed source told Associated Press Tokyo Bureau Chief Robert Eunson that President Ei senhower's special envoy won sweeping concessions from Rhee including the written pledge that South Korea would not obstruct an armistice. The source said that Robertson did not wish to embai rass Rhee by disclosing them. Rhee reportedly agreed not to free any more prisoners. His order freeing 27,000 POWs held by the Allies last month stalemated the nearly completed truce negotiations. The envoy, Assistant U. S. Secretary of State Walter S. Robertson, refused to agree to Rhee'e demand that the United States walk out of a post-armistice political conference if it failed to make headway in 90 days on unifying Korea, the source said. In return, Eunson said, Rhee reportedly was assured that the United States would hold another top-level conference with South Korea—after a truce signing—to xvork out a joint policy and that the United States would defend Jouth Korea if it were attacked. These asurances, Eunson .earned, were, in addition Lop previous U. S. promises of economic and military aid and \fforts to unify Komi peacefully. Optim&r. Strung Optimism for an'early tni'ee \v^ strengthened also by an order of the U. S. Information .Service dispatching its photographers to the truce conference site at Panmun- jom "by Wednesday." The picture was clouded, however, by a hostile Communist reaction to the result of Robertson's 12 conferences with rthee, as reflected by correspondents at Pan- munjom and broadcasts by the official Red radio, heard before Rhce's atest statement. Robertson told newsmen on his arrival in Japan after his talks with Rhee: "We do have agreement (with Rhee) to a point where we are ready to go nhead with an armistice and sign it." However, he expressed concern over an interview published in the Uni ted States in which Scripps- Howarri Corrri.sponclimt Jim Lucas quoted Rhee as saying: "We will not accept the armistice, but we hove agreed not to obstruct it for a period of three months." Newsmen's queries on this inter- 'iew prompted Rhee to issue the ater statement, in which he said method, but not objectives, of unifying Korea might be changed, ind added ."Some questions re- corroH CON?& Blytheville. Q&fa. 2 FLUG FOR NCPC — Farm Bureau members from 12 Southern states were told by this poster last week when Blytheville's annual National Cotton Picking Contest will be held this year. This sign was posted by Charles Moore, past state president of the Arkansas Junior Chamber of Commerce and past president of the Blytheville club, at a regional Farm Bureau meeting late last week in Biloxi, Miss. Shown as they read of the annual event are Romeo Short (left) of Brinkley, Ark., undersecretary of agriculture, and Allen Kline, national Farm Bureau president. Mississippi Countians'at the meeting included Mr. Moore, William Wyatt and Vance Dlxon of Blytheville and Amos Pembcrton of Osceola. Scattered Rains Bring Aid to Arkansas Crops By The Associated Press The weather was kind to everybody In Arkansas yesterday. Scattered rains brought smiles to drought-weary farmers and held temperatures to the cool 70s and 80s. Chest Board to Meet overnment level." Meet Twice The Alied and Communist truce negotiators rnet twice in secrecy at Panmunjom Monday nnd scheduled another session for 11 a. m. Sec TRUCK on Page 6 Late Bul!eS-in— SEOUL, Tuesday W — Two Chinese Communist divisions — m u ~ . L _,, , , j i ^inncsi: ^uiiuiJtniiat uiviaiu»;> The Community Chest board o about 2MOO men _ sma5hed directors will meet tomorrow at I 10:30 a.m. in the Chamber of Com- gainst Allied lines on the Korean East Central Front, last merce offices in the City Hall to | niirht, the Klgth Army announced discuss the budget for the coming year, it was announced today. today. Details wore lacking. Search Is Pressed for Missing Airliner By ROY ESSOl'AN of at least 10 ships combing waters | Some of those aboard were civil' ' - . HONOLULU W)—The Navy spur-1 where the plane last reported its red a massive search today for survivors of a four-engine airliner which plunged into lonely Pacific waters with 58 aboard. A huge armada of ships and planes combed the storm-threaten- position, found an abandoned life raft and seat cushions it positively identified as coming from the liner. Comdr. T. O. Murray, Hawaiian Sea Frontier operations officer and ed Pacific 320 miles east of Wake I search coordinator, said there is Island, but hope dwindled for sur- a "good chance there is life around vival of all the occupants of the! there." Transocean Air Lines DCGB with j "^y e W || discovery of a life raft and seat cushions from the airliner. The plane, bound from Guam to Oakland, Calif., carried eight children under 10 years old omons its 50 passengers and eight crow- men. It disappeared. Saturday night on the Wake-to-Honolulu hop. It was the first commercial transpacific plane crash in that section of the Pacific since World War n. Tlw Navy transport Barrett, ont continue the search with that in mind as long as necessary," he said. "There was plenty of room on four other life rafts carried by the plane and still unaccounted for." Several entire familes were on the liner. The pilot, Capt. William Word of Oakland. Calif., a veteran transpacific flier, reported in by.Radio Saturday night with no mention of trouble. There were no further nicssagca. ian workers, their wives and families, en route from Guam to the United States for summer vacations. One passenger was an employe of the airline, Charles Gallop of San Leandro, Calif. He was accompanied by his wife and two small children. Another family Included a Nebraska man, Fred Hansher, 29, of Newman Grove, his wife, and children., 3 and 6. At its height yesterday, the huge search included more than 20 planes and 10 ships. They crlss crossed the bleak Pacific in a desperate race against approaching darkncM. ing Transocean Air Lines. Earlier, weak distress signals were picked up for two hours in the lonely Wake-Honolulu lane where the plane disappeared. Although the signals were too faint for nn accurate bearing, the Navy widened Us search to sweep a greater expanse. The Barrett lound other debris amid 30 to 40 gasoline oil slicks where the plane apparently plunged into the hlcak waters. It was only 30 miles from the point where the plane last reported its position. A Japanese fishing boat in those waters, however, said it had not seen any crash. Another passenger plane report- Just before dark, the Barrett cd seeing a green flare In the spotted the inflated life raft, which] area, but the Hawaiian Sea Fron- carrled carbon dioxide bo tt.1 csi tier snid Ihfrc was no indication «(*mp«l talUali "TAW mean- Kce OKASII u« l'»Kc * Efforts to Overcome Red Objections Aren't Abandoned BERLIN I/P) — Pood for hungry Edst Germany already is on the way by sea and the United States "has not abandoned hopes" of delivering it, despite Moscow's scornful rejection of the 15 million dollar offer, U. S. authorities said here today. These sources said alternate possible ways of aiding the 18 million hungry people under Commanding rule in Germany's Soviet zone are being studied in Wash- The rain—which fell heaviest In the Ft. Smith-Paris area—provided a shot in the arm to roasted pastures, hay and seed crops. If more rain falls today tod tonight, and the weatherman Bays it will, then the drought will just about get the heave-ho in many areas of the state. Arkansas etill hasn't received a general, statewide rain since May 19. Miles McPeek, agricultural stnt- istatician for the Federal State Crop Reporting Service, said today that crops over most of the stats have "better averages" than they had a week ago as the result of the showers that have splashed over the state for nearly a week. Cotton "Looking Up" Cotton growing areas report that things are looking up. In the ex— treme southeast corner of the Delta, Chicot County Agent Loyd Waters said the cotton crop was "looking good." Waters said 80 to 85 per cent of inRton, Bonn and Berlin. i th ?. Tc ° un 'y' s "°P is u »Soviet Foreign Minister V. M I . There are P 1 ™^ of S° 0(1 Etan< 33 Mololov scornfully rejected President Eisenhower's offer of the food Saturday night with a note terming it a propaganda stunt. He claimed the Russians were supplying their occupation zone adequately. West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer termed Moscow's action "highly regrettable" and described Eisenhower's offer as a "generous and humanitarian gesture." A U. S. High Commision spokesman said, "Nobody can deny that East Germany is hungry." Some officials suggested perhaps the Americans could give the to chcck their f ' ie ^ s {0 ' v sirens o£ the food to the West Germans, who ; darnag j n g boll weevU . He said the of rice, too," he added, "but i beans are making a poor showing* as the result of the drought." Yesterday's rainfall reading included: Ft. Smith 1.15 Ratcliff 1.10, Booneville .91, Mena .75, Fayetteville .32, Little Rock .04, Texarkana .37, Pine Bluff .01, El Dorado .06, Flippin .18 and traces at Walnut Ridge, Batesville and Newport. The rains also brought out a new crop — one that so far this summer hadn't bother the cotton farmer too much. Gordon Barnes, Extension Service entomologist, warned farmers could funnel it to the East through interzonal trade channels. Will Help Some Wa.y West Berlin Mayor Ernst Renter told 16,000 persons at an outdoor rally of his Socialist party last night that his government is determined to help their Eastern neighbors in soma way. He suggested the East Berllners should be allowed to buy foods in West Berlin they are unable to obtain in their own sector. He spoke of "already drafted plans" which he said he expected the federal West German government to approve, the West Berlin newspaper Montag Morgen reported. Reuter predicted, however, that j the 'Board of Commissioners of Moscow would be forced eventual-1 Drainage District No. 17 and pub- rains were sufficient to bring out first generation boll weevils "in good numbers." In Little Rock, the n. S. Weather Bureau said the cool weather is "just about over." The Bureau forecast high temperatures today of about 85 for most of Arkansas. Tomorrow, the mercury is expected to rise to 80, and return to the OO's by Wednesday, said the Bureau. Ditch Cleaning Bids Are Sought- Sealed bids will be received by ly to accept the American offer of help. "The offer will be repealed to often they can no longer say now," he said. American authorities said if some method of sending the food to the East is found, they I'.ced not wait for arrival of food ship- licly opened July 29, according to C. O. Redman, secretary of the board. The excavation, which Is to ba done on Highway 40 west of Osceola, will consist of cleaning out aproxlmately two and one half miles of ditches now draining land In cultivation. ments by sea. The work will begin 10 days after "Storks are available right here : the successful bid Is approved, Mr. See FOOD on I'ngc t Redman snid.

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