BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS TSX DOMINANT tTBWBPtfgB OF VOL. XLIX—NO. 93 Blytheville Courier Blythevilla DaUy Newi Misaifisippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald ARKANSAS AND 8OOTKEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Three Ministers Convene in Capital By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — The Foreign ministers of Britain and France are due here today to join with Secretary of State Dulles in mapping Allied strategy for dealing with the Soviet peace offensive in half a dozen trouble spots around the globe. The Marquis of Salisbury, acting » British foreign secretary was scheduled to arrive before noon and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault was due at 1:05 p. m. Dulles arranged to meet both men at the airport. U. S. officials said the Big Three talks opening tomorrow and running through Tuesday should result in a new and better understanding of their common problems. Dulles was understood to be. interested in urging the new government pf France, headed by Joseph Laniel, to speed ratification of the European Defense Community, which would permit West Germany to arm. Pressing' British Also, he is likely to press the British for an early solution of their difficulties with Egypt, a step which would clear the way for creation of the Middle East defense organization. Bidault is reported ready to ask the U. S. for a substantial increase in ' American assistance for the fight against Communist forces in Indochina. Officials indicated this government may consider the request favorably provided it could be assured France has worked out plans for aggressive action against the Reds. Authorities said Korean truce and post-truce political problems undoubtedly will be discussed, but Dulles is represented as having no intention to bring up these problems himself. There has been some speculation that Salisbury may urge Dulles to take strong Korean President Syngman Rhee from blocking establishment of an armistice in Korea. German Problem Authorities here indicated a large part of the talks may be devoted Cattlemen Ready To Ask for Supports Group Will Break Away from Big Stock Association in Aid Fight DALHART, Tex. (AP) — Grim 'Cattlemen from five states gripped by a long and bitter drought meet today in this this historic big ranch country to ask for federal price support Allied and Red Truce Officials Meet Today on cattle. Disaster Counties To be Named PMA Labels Entire State As Distress Area WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. John McClellan (D-Ark) said yesterday — after conferring with Secretary of Agriculture to the German problem and the ' Benson — that the Arkansas attitude of Russia toward the West, as it has developed since Stalin's death and the succession to the premiership of Georgi Malenkov. One concern, it was said, will be to plan for co-ordinated action to exploit the uprisings against Red counties lo be declared drought disaster areas will be announced late this week or early next week. The Arkansas senator said there Was some delay because the state n ie in East Germany and to con- i Production and Marketing Admin- sider ways of working for German unification on terms acceptable to the West. A related problem, - extremely i.stration had recommended the entire state be declared a drought disaster area. McClellan said he was told this ------------ ~...u ^-.- ,.u., kuiu 0.11.1 Important in the American view, | «'"S not necessary and the matter is the role which Germany may j has been referred back to the state for play in the defense of the West against communism. Another Car Crashes Into Home Here another recommendation — expected later this week. Some Arkansans here expressed concern over the fact that since Arkansas has no Civil Defense Administration setup, and the drought disaster program is handled by that agency, the state would not be able Lo carry out the program. Some Areas Change However, they said they assumed either agencies could handle the program. At Little Hock, the Arkansas Agricultural Mobilization Committee Some stockmen, once bitter foes of any government control, criticized officers of the big Cattle Growers Association who still shy away from 'federal aid and this week decided to break away and fight to get price supports for the producer. While the cattlemen who came here have what they think is a solution to their problems, the governors of their states are not so sure. The governors of Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Kansas and Oklahoma are to meet in Amarillo, Tex., tomorrow with their top agricultural officials. They'll try to find the way they can best aid farmers and ranchers. President Eisenhower declared portions of the five states disaster areas and set up an eight million dollar emergency fund for ranchers. Sen. Johnson (D-Tex), Senate minority leader, claims the fund is inadequate. MCCARTHY SCHEDULES DISCUSSION — Sen. Joesph McCarthy fR-Wis) (right) talks with Joesph B. Matthews, staff chief of. the Senate Investigations sub-committee, after announcing that a closed door session of the committee would be held in Washington, D. C., to discuss four committee members' question that Matthews should continue in his post in view of his published charge that clergymen are the. "largest single group supporting the communist apparatus in the United States today'." This magazine statement has raised a storm of protest. (AP Wirephoto). ast Berlin Sitdown Strikers Still Idle 16 Major Factories Are Reported Affected by Action of Citizens By TOM REEDY BERLIN (AP) — The Communists lifted the Iron Curtain before riot-torn East Berlin today, permitting free Western travel into the Russian sector of the divided city for the first time since open rebellion brought tank-enforced martial law three weeks ago. U.S. Infantry Smashes Assaults Three Bloody Attacks Are Beaten Back By FORREST EDWARDS SEOUL (AP) — American nfantrymen crushed three bloody Communist assaults to- Border factories city still crossers said 16 major in the Soviet-occupied were seriously affected Senate debate raged yesterday on a multimillion-dollar measure to extend federal drought aid. Sen. by sitdown strikes which broke out Kerr (D-Okla) drew the wrath of yesterday to demand release of Aiken (R-Vt) by asking that Congress order Secretary of Agriculture Benson to ,buy live beef cattle at 90 per cent' of rmrit" Kerr charged cattlemen B total The second wreck here within two weeks, in which one of the cars careened into a house, occurred this morning on 10th Street between Hearn and Holly. • A car driven by Mrs. I. R. Johnson of 1042 West Main, traveling north on loth Street, glanced off the rear bumper of a car driven by David Dee, Negro, of 205 Corage Street, which was backing into 10th from an alley, swerved across the street to the left, jumped the curb and struck the front of the residence of Mrs. L. K. Ashcraft, 423 North loth. No injuries were reported by officer Max Koonce. though the front end of Mrs. Johnson's car was heavily damaged. An accident on Pavkway this morning involved cars driven by Mrs. Carson Alley and Mrs. Mary LUXORA— Fifteen-year-old Carl Lou Parish, both of Blytheville. ' Wayne Berry, won the senior divis- Front fenders of both vehicles j ' on of lnp bicycle marathon held [ said yesterday that it would meet j today to 're-survey drought damage I in Arkansas' 75 counties. I C. A. Vines. Extension Service as- I sociate director, said the commit- j tee would have available the re- I ports of a survey by county agents last week. He said recent rains have changed conditions in some areas- Berry V/ins Bike Event were damaged when the cars, going I n<!re yesterday, while in the junior losses under the Republican administration was equal to more than nine billion dollars. The usually mild-mannered Aiken told Kerr his statements were not true and said ie wished Kerr would quit injecting politics into the farm programs. The hot sun and little or no rain las posed critical problems in parts of the five states. The drought is no overnight affair. It's four years old in Texas, farmers, ranchers and cities have :elt the effects. Scores of cities have run into water shortages and water rationing. Some, like Ham- iin, have run completely out and haul drinking water by tank car. Louis P. Merrill, regional head of the U. S. Soil Cou'civutlon Service, has termed this drought "worse than the Dust Bowl" of 1934-36. He said it has caused damage in the multiple millions in the Southwest. S. E. (Eck) Brown, Dalhart banker'and cattleman who played a prominent part in calling the meeting today, said, "Cattle have to be put under price support if the cattle industry is to exist." The Farmers Home Administration reported increasing numbers of Texas ranchers and farmers have asked for disaster loans. An official said in the last two weeks, 1,600 had asked loans and another 2,000 had inquired about them. The loans can be made for buying seed, feed, groceries or for machinery repairs. Hundreds of carloads of emergency feed for livestock was nl- in opposite directions, collided, Officer Koonce said. A minor accident yesterday occurred when a Bush Brothers trailer truck, driven by James Smith of 2216 Kenwood, backed into a parked vehicle owned by Clyde O'Neal of Blytheville Rt. 4, officer Fred Hodge reported. division for children in the 5-8 old croup, Stevie Palmer, first across the finish line. Over 200 spectators watched the ready en route to Texas and Okla- .Farrners To View Alfalfa Plot Tests Point To Use Of Less Seed workers arrested in the June revolt. Apparently the strikers put little credence In the Red zone govern- Results of various alfalfa experiments conducted by the University of Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station will be demonstrated at the alfalfa substation at Osceola tomorrow at 1 p.m., and continue throughout the afternoon. A "good crowd" of farmers from this area is expected for the public visiting day program, according to County Agent Keith Bilbrey. Research specialists from four states were in Osceola today for a preview of the research program to demanded be shown tomorrow, visiting plots and planning new research programs. Charles Langston of Number Nine was to be the only farmer from North Missco attending today's session. Varieties Driving Charge Appealed I the winner. | ed a one-m: DeWitt Jordan was found guilty 23 entrants in both divisions compete in the mid-summer recreational feature. The senior division race for the 9-16 age group was five mile; in length Results to be shown include those of tests demonstrating that K.msas year homa. C. H. Moseley of the Pro- i Common, Buffalo and Ranger va- was i duction and Marketing Adminis-! rieties produce hardier stands in tration said 277 rail cars -,f corn, i'this area, with Buffalo considered 114 cars of oats and 4 of wheat ! best due to its wilt resistance, and , had been shipped to Texas. Fifteen | recent price decreases following in• carloads of corn and 13 of oats went to Oklahoma. Ranchers can buy this feed at low prices. of driving while intoxicated and fined $100 and costs and sentenced to one day in jail in Municipal Court today. Appeal was granted with bond set at $150. •mile cour.se. Second place in the senior event went to Claudius Bonner, 14, and v;ith Raymond Olive, 11, taking third place. Susie Benton, 8, was runnerup in the junior division and Dusty Driver, 5, was third. of Tornado OKAHOMA CITY (,/Pj-A U. S. weather bureau forecaster, weary of erroneous "tornado" reports during two days of thunderstorms, gave this definition today of an inexperienced observer's tornado: A strong wind and a weak outhouse. (reduction of the variety. Other discoveries include the fact that 20-pound seeding appears to produce the best average yield in Missco. in tests made at the Osceola substation, it outproduced 40-pound ment's announcement last night that the "great majority" of these had been released. Reports from the East zone outside Berlin indicated dozens of plants in Jena, Magdeburg, Leip- Ug.i .%55K>, Brandenburg and Dresden were hit by slowdovns for the same reason. Refugees said the Russians long since had lifted martial law outside Berlin but still maintained a four-hour nightly curfew in Haile, where rebellious workers set fire to' the giant Leuna chemical plant on June 17. Patrols Doubled Though Red German infantry and police patrols were doubled along the 27-mile frontier between East and West Berlin, the Communists paid scant attention to the thousands again riding the previously blocked elevated trains and subways across the border. Each automobile and truck at (he dozens of crossing points was checked, however, and Red Police Chief Waldemar Schmidt deqlared on Radio Berlin that "every fascist provocateur and propagandist will be arrested and dealt with sternly." Restoration of the normal inter- ' sector travel had been a secondary ' ; demand of the strikers yesterday. The Reds announced they would accede only a few hours after the sttdowns started. West Berlin's three Allied commandants also had two notn.s that the blockade be ended. day but failed in a daring counterattack with flamethrowers to burn the last Reds off Pork Chop Hill in Western Korea. Tough South Korean troops braved rockets, believed to be Russian-type "katushas", in smashing a fourth Bed attack at Arrowhead Ridge, five miles from Porkchop. The Korean baltlefront crackled with artillery barrages and hand- to-hand fighting as U. S. units for the first time in weeks caught the brunt of the 'Red charges. The doughboys hammered back 3,000 to 5,000 Chinese who Wednesday night slammed into U. S.-held positions at outpost Berlin and Ea^t Berlin in the Par West, Kim II Sung Ridge in the east and Pork- chop Hill. Backed by ear-splitting artillery soldiers of the U. S. Seventh Division by Thursday morning had cleared the Reds from all but six bunkers on the northwest finger of Porkchop Hill. Tense Report n Associated Press Correspondent Robert Gibson dispatched from the front this short, bitter chronology of a tragic 23-minute counterattack by a hindlul of soldiers with flamethrowers: 4:53 p. m. — Counterattack launched. 4:57 — Infantry reaches to within 150 feet of the finger's crest under heavy rifle and inachine-gun fire. 5:01—Infantrymen stand up, fire their flame throwers, and charge I for the crcstline behind sheets of roaring flame. 5:04—Chinese mortar and artillery shells crash down among the charging men. They are scattered, driven back. 5:15—Enemy fire lifts suddenly and Reds come pouring down the slope in counterattack tha tforces Americans back. About 1,000 Chinese attacked the ROKs on Arrowhead Ridge, to the northwest, where a non-stop battle has been raging since Monday. A staff officer said the Reds poured 21,000 rounds of artillery and mor- shells on the area in the 12 hours ended at fi a. m. Thursday, including 2,000 believed to be "katusha" rockets. Full-Scale Armistice Negotiations to Start By SAM SUMMERLINE SEOUL (AP) — Allied and Communist negotiators return to Panmunjom in a few hours to resume negotiations on final details of a Korean armistice which South Korea has bitterly assailed and said it will not recognize. The U. N. Command said full-4^scale truce talks—recessed on June 20—will get underway at 11 a. m tomorrow (8 p. m. CST today). The meeting presumably was ar ranged during a 15-minute liaison officers' session at Panmunjom to day. But the official U. N. spokes man refused to say more than tha the meeting was held "for adminis trative purposes only." Announcement that the truce Sealed Off Non-German Westerners' first peep inside the East since the June n outbreak revealed the Communists' puppet East German government had sealed itself off. Heavily armed East German infantrymen ringed the regime's headquarters building—chief target of the June 17 marchers—and stopped all but recognized Communist officials from approaching. There were no Russian soldiers in sight, however, apparently in token support for the satellite government's declaration that its police would maintain law and order in East Berlin. The Russian Army had done this job since it roared 'n three weeks ago to smash the bloody uprising-. Smith Gets Osceola Petition Oil Is Discovered Near St. Louis ST. LOUIS (AP) — A natural gas campany reported today it has discovered oil, purely by accident, on the fringe of the metropolitan St. Louis area. Excitement is running high in the suburban area of Northern St. Louis County, even though the extent of the oil showing is yet to be determined. The LaClede Oas Co. wasn't looking for oil. .It was drilling a test well to determine whether porous rock formations are suitable for underground storage o£ gas piped In from the Southwest. The utility notified the property owners of the discovery and asked them not to sign oil and gas leases without giving LaClede a chance to bid. Some of the residents had vigorously opposed the underground gas storage plans. Ear! Lange, on whose farm the discovery was made, was somewhat dazed by the fast-moving developments. "We have been swamped by persons wanting me to sign leases, most of them from Illinois, but I have done nothing yet, Lange said. "We didn't get to bed until 1 o'clock this morning." Thi> nrea previously had heen abandoned ns possible oil lerritory, after, independent oil firms drilled test wells years ago. There is no commercial oil field in the immediate St. Louis area. LaClede said "some oil saturation and porosity" was encountered at 1,029 feet. No test of the showing was made the utility said, he- cause the condemnation rightr, under which LaClede is drilling are for the purpose of gas storage only. "Whether the show encountered in the Lringe well means the presence of n commercial oil field, and how big that field may be, if present, can only be determined by the drilling of wells for the purpose," President Robert W. Otto of LaClcdc sajd. mended for this area according to | ,j ^ ? condition of the land being seeded. ' In exepriments on time and frequency of cutting, it was found that cutting at one-tenth bloom plus fall growth brought by far the best results of cutting methods tried. Cutting at one-tenth growth without fall growth was not tried in the experiments, however. Slightly increased yields were evident from heavy fertilizer tests, along with some indication that maintenance of stand was improved. Blodgett to W. Memphis the Red Army commandant, has not yet formally declared an end to martial law In the city. Until today, only persons wJth special passes had been permitted to cross the boundary, and these went only to Germans working across the frontier. Late Bulletin- WASHINGTON Wi — The Defense Department today asked Congress .. . _ t" authorize an additional 552(1,380,_ Mayor Dan Blodgett win attend j 000 worth of construction at Army, the West Memphis anniversary celebration Saturday at the Invitation of city officials there, It was announced this morning. An afternoon program, beginning at 2:30 p.m., has been planned, with mayors from over this area Invited to attend and take part in the program, he said. Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force installation!. Among proposed projects In 41 states, Alaska, Okinawa, the Mnr- lana Iiltndi, the Phllllplitcs and Cuba were Blytheville municipal airport, W,67«,000, an* Little Rock Air Force Bale $14,219,000. Seeking to stop picketing at the construction site of the Crompton Company Plant In Osceola, Osceola city officials today filed a petition for injunction with Chancellor-Leon Smith at 11:30 this morning. Local No. 1328 of the International Hot-Carriers and Common Labc-ers Union and Ditmars, Dickman and Pickens construction company were named in the petition for injunction which, if granted would stop picketing and permit non-union laborers who so desire to return to work at the plant site! City spokesmen claimed In Osceola yesterday that the "closed shor issue" Is the underlying reason behind the work stoppage. The work stoppage began June 30. but picketing did not start until Monday. Chancellor Smith withheld com ment pending study of the paper. Caruthersviile Man Convicted SHREVEPOBT, La. m _ Two men. one an Arkan.san ,were convicted here yesterday on criminal conspiracy charges involving a "secret" chemical process to turn a farmer's $20,001) Into $160,000. tidse James U. Galloway said he will sentence Jack U Holt, <4, o! Cabot. Ark and Ira Colcmaji Roberts, 51. of Caruthcrsvllle, Mo., on Friday. Maximum penalty Is a year In prison and a $200 fine. The farmer, N. L- Adams St.. 58, of Ida, La., told the court the men showed him their method of converting one dollar bills Into $10 nnd $20 bills nnd then jsfccd him for KO.OOO for the process. talks would resume came a few hours after a top-level O. N. dele gallon headed by Gen. Mark Clark tried again to win President Syng. man Khee's support of a truce They apparently failed. An authoritative source eaic Clark handed Rhee an importani letter dealing with South Korea's objections to an armistice. But an official spokesman said emphatically that the letter was not an ultimatum to Rhee to accept present truce terms. Ask of Neutrals Informed quarters here speculated that Allied liaison officers asked the Reds at Panmunjom Thursday when Polish and Czech members of the neutral nations supervisory commission can start work. Clark, in a June 29 letter to the Reds proposing that a truce be signed now, suggested a meeting to discuss when the neutral commission can start functionini Representatives from Switzerland, Sweden, India, Poland and Czechoslovakia will supervise an rmistice. The liaison officers adjourned without setting a date for another meeting. Clark Returns The U. N. Command asked lor Thursday's liaison session after the Reds said Wednesday they were ready to resume the full truce talks, which were recessed June 20 after Rhee ordered the release of some 27,000 anti-Red North Korean war prisoners. Clark flew back to Tokyo late Thursday after his 22-minule conference with Rhee. Assistant. Secretary of State Walter Robertson, President Eisenhower's truce emissary, leaned from his car as It sped from Rhee'6 hilltop mansion and told newsmen: "The same as yesterday." U. N. generals and statesmen have failed to budge Rhce's insistence that the U. S. agree to resume the war unless a post-armistice political conference progresses toward unifidation of Korea in three months. Attending Thursday's conference with Clark and Robertson were U. S. ambassador to Korea Ellis O. Briggs and Robert Murphy, political adviser to Clark. The letter Clark delivered to Rhee was secret, but reliable sources said it dealt with the 14- day-old secret talks between Rhee and Robertson. No Ultimatum The president's truce envoy said flatly that the letter was not an ultimatum. When he arrived in Korea Thursday, Clark told newsmen he had Foreign Aid For Next Ten Years? That's What Stassen Tells Senators WASHINGTON (AP) — Mutual Secretary Director Harold E. Stassen told senators today - he feels the United States will have to continue some sort of foreign aid program for 10 years. Stassen, testifying before the appropriations committee in behalf ol a five billion dollar money bill for foreign aid in the current fiscal year, said he thinks the Soviet Russians threat will last a decade. Throughout that period, he said, it Is his view this country will have to give military help to at least some of its free world allies. Economic aid proba'tly can be closed out sooner, he said. Stassen cited Turkey and Formosa as two nations close to tho Communist perimeter' which must :iave some military aid as long as the Soviet threat endures. Up to Congress The MSA head emphasized, however, that is up to Congress each year to decide whether tha help should be continued. The Senate, in acting on a foreign aid authorization bill, has voted to close down MSA June 30, 1955, with a final deadline at 856 on economic aid spending and 1957 on military outlays. The House voted to let MSA din as scheduled In the present law, n mid-1954, with a 1956 expiration date on spending for both econom- c and military items in the plpe- ine. Stassen told the senators thers are signs the foreign aid program "right at the point of its most ignilicant results. Referring to recent disorders In East Berlin and other Red-occupied areas, he said Workers behind the Iron Curtain are now "willing to stand up and risk death" at the hands of their Communist bosses. Stassen said the fact is being driven sharply home to peoples behind the Iron Curtain that while the U. S. spends billions to build up Western Europe the Soviet union "is milking the economies" of Soviet satellite nations. Sharp Questioning Stassen faced sharp questioning from members of the committee received no now instructions from ] which will recommend what Washington. j amount of foreign aid money the But Washington reports said Senate should vote for the year President Eisenhower and his top started July 1. advisers had been closeted to draft new instructions for Clark following receipt of the Communist letter saying the Reds were prepared to restart the machinery for completing an armistice. The Bed letter made it clear, however, that the U. N. Command must shoulder the responsibility for seeing that South Korea observes the terms of an armistice. It also called for the Allies to see that no more anti-Red prisoners escape and to a.s.sumc responsibility for rounding up the 27,000 now at large. 1953 Fishing Rodeo Planned A Fishing Rodeo for Blytheville youth again will be sponsored this summer by the city and American Legion, Mayor Dan Blodgett said today, Date for the all-day program has been set for August. 22. according to Mayor Blodgett. Police Chief Cecil Graves, former name warden, again will assist In staging the contest, along with American Legion officials, it was announced. Plans for awarding prizes are being worked out nt this time, Chief Graves said. Entry procedure Is expected to be handled In the same manner ai last summers program. Sen. Robertson (D-Va) told Stassen he has supported the foreign aid program since 19«. But he said with some emphasis: "I didn't intend for it to be something that would last forever or that would imperil the soundness of our own economy." He said the U. 's. per capita debt today is the highest in the- world. Stassen agreed but countered with a statement the V. 3. does not have the largest per capita tax burden in the world. Hs Sec FOREIGN AID on Page 9 Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Friday with widely scattered thundershowers; no important temperature changes. MISSODKI — Generally fair tonight and Friday except a few widely scattered thundershowers likely extreme southwest tonight; continued cool tonight: a little warmer Friday; low tonight 60s northeast to middle 60s southwest; high Friday 80s cast to near 90 extreme west. Maximum yesterday—03. Minimum yesterday—78. SunrlKo tomorrow—4:55, Sunset today—7:18. Mean terr.pernliire (midway between ilRh nncl low—85.5. Preclp. hist 24 hours (6:30 p.m. to :30 p.m.)—none. Proolp. Jan. I to date—32.47. This Date 1U.U Year Minimum this rnornlng-70. Maximum yesterday—92. Treclp. Jan. 1 to data—17.30.
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