Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois on April 14, 1936 · 14
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Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois · 14

Chicago, Illinois
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Tuesday, April 14, 1936
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TRIBUNE TUESDAY, APRIL' 14, 1936. 14 CHICAGO DAIEY THE WORLD'S GREATEST NEWSPAPER FOUNDEft JUNE 10, II4f UTTERED A3 SECOND CLASS MATTER MAT 14. 1903, AT THE POSTOFPICE AT CHICAGO, ILL., UNDER ACT OF MARCH 3, 1879. W AH unsolicited articles, manuscripts, letters and pictures ent to The Tribune are sent at the owner's risk, and The Tribune company expressly repudiates imy liability r responsibility for their sate custody or return. TUESDAY, APRIL 14, 1936. THE TRIBONE OFFICES. CHICAGO TRIBUNE SQUARE. MILWAUKEE EMPIRE BUILDING. NEW YORK 220 EAST 42D STREET. DETROIT 5-167 GENERAL MOTORS BUILDING. WASHINGTON 815 ALBEE BUILDING. BOSTON 71S CHAMBER OF COMMERCE BUILDING. ATLANTA 1825 RHODES-HAVERTY BUILDING. LOS ANGELES SPRING AND FIRST STREET. LONDON 135 FLEET STREET. t . PARIS 21 RUB DE BERRI. BERLIN HOTEL ADLON. 1 TJNTER, DEN LINDEN. RIGA STETINES IELA 2. SHANGHAI 160 AVENUE EDWARD VII. TOKIO IMPERIAL HOTEL. " ; , . ." MEXICO CITY HOTEL REGIS. PANAMA CITY HOTEL CENTRAL. -- SPECIAL REPRESENTATION. f SAN FRANCISCO 820 KOHL BUILDING THE TRIBUNE'S PLATFORM FOR 193$ Turn the Rascals Out. THE TRIBUNE'S PLATFORM FOR ILLINOIS AND CHICAGO 1. End the Parole Business. 2. Cut Taxes in Half. 3. Overcome Crime. 4. Stop the Massacre on the Streets. 5. Build the Lake Front Airport. 6. Install Modern Street Cars. 7. Speed Up the Suburban Service. Only 20 1 days remain in which to save your country. What are you doing to save it? piped into the parks in April all the heat engendered in the music lovers who find their favorite symphony programs taken of the air for the baseball broadcast. The rage of a woman scorned is relatively a gentle thing. You should hear such a music lover. DEAD ON THE FIELD OF HONOR. James M. Beck was one of the most distinguished lawyers this country has produced. He Would have had a brilliant career at the bar in any period of the nation's history. He had everything which a great lawyer should have extraordinary intellectual power, a strong sense of duty, an almost fabulous capacity for learning, a retentive memory, compelling eloquence, an understanding of men and their motives. In any generation the death of such a man would be an occasion for regret. At this moment in the nation's history his loss will be felt with particular keenness. We can hope but we cannot be confident that the place he has left vacant will be capably filled. Mr. Beck was a great authority on the constitution, not only because he had mastered the literature upon it but more especially because its principles were his principles. He saw the constitution not as a collection of more or less unrelated provisions, but as an organic whole, devised to establish and preserve ordered freedom in this country. That to him was, if not the good life itself, then the only road by which the good life could be attained. His knowledge of the history and interpretation of the constitution was thus illuminated by a profound belief in the Tightness of the scheme of government and the type of citizenship which the constitution established. It was this fact which gave Mr. Beck's advocacy its most persuasive quality. When he spoke it was almost as if he had come direct from a conference with the leading minds of the constitutional convention. More than any other man at the bar in his generation he had inherited the breadth of understanding which characterized the fathers of the constitution. He viewed the legal and governmental problems of our day as they might have viewed them had they been born 150 years later. To such a man and such a mind the New Deal was peculiarly offensive. The freedom of the individual was imperiled. The federal government was seeking to destroy the states. The executive had already swallowed the legislature and was seeking to swallow the judiciary. The concept of the constitution as a solemn covenant, to be amended only by deliberate action of the people, was being undermined by ridicule and threat. Mr. Beck sat in the house of representatives at the start of the New Deal but declined to seek reelection. With great clarity he saw that he could be of relatively little service in a rubber stamp congress and that his talents as an advo cate would be of largest use in the , Supreme court chamber. His decision was a wise one. It was in the courts that the fight has been waged and Mr. Beck played a leading part in bringing about the results achieved. The government won a nominal victory against him in the TVA case but the scope of the success was narrowly con lined. The last word has yet to be said. In, the SEC case, decided only a few days before his death, Mr. Beck's triumph was complete. James M. Beck died on the field of honor. At the age of 74 he threw himself Into the battle with the fire of a young man. His sacrifice of personal comfort and ease for the sake of the principles which he held to be priceless cost him, in all probability, a few years of life but earned him the gratitude of future generations of Americans. THE CORPORATION AND THE LAW. Dean Edward T. Lee of the John Marshall Law school, commenting in the Voice of the People on the Supreme court decision protecting the citizenship rights of Mississippi Negroes condemned to death on confessions tortured from them, referred to the , great preponderance of cases in which corporate rights sought federal protection under the fourteenth amendment. The amendment in its first and simplest intent was to protect the newly freed slaves of the south from being reduced again to something like bondage. One member of the committee which, drafted, it was.John A. 'Bingham of. Ohio. He wanted to do something to correct what he thought was a defect in the constitution. A generation before the war Chief Justice Marshall had found the court could not protect a citizen who had been injured by a state because the prohibition affected only the federal government. A man named Barron had valuable wharf property. The city of Baltimore in the course of some public improvements had virtually ruined his docks. He sued the mayor and council. The Supreme court found itself powerless. Bingham seized .the fourteenth, amendment as an opportunity to provide, as he later said, "that the poor man in his hovel may be as secure in his person and property as the prince in his palace or the king on his throne." It seems just that the protections given the individual against discriminatory and unjust state action should also apply to the collections of individuals who form a corporation. To a large extent it is true that the corporation permits a number of little fellows to do what only big fellows could do as individuals. Through the corporation many people whose only private enterprise would be small can invest in the operations of a great enterprise, and although they do not in fact have anything to do. with the management they can hope to share in its success and profits. If the ' corporation were not protected under the due process clause and given the equal advantage of the laws states would be free to destroy what they create. They , incorporate the aggregate of individuals and give the body life. When the government had the power, as it had in the British colonizing of America, to destroy what it created by extinguishing a charter the men who made the first adventure as a company frequently were deprived of what they had gained just when success was coming in the door. There were reasons of state for this. When a colony founded by a joint stock company seemed about to become a state in itself the British government wanted control of it. Stockholders in every corporate aggregate have certain of the rights of natural persons, and should have. Certain penalties and punishments can be imposed on a corporation as a person and it has certain rights which the states cannot invade under the fourteenth amendment. This corporate body of many persons joined together to engage in industrial production is properly given the same protection a millionaire would have if he singly and individually found a government was trying to deprive him of his property without due process of law. A LINE 0' TYPE OR TWO Hew to the Line, let the quips fall where they may. si Off THE CLAIMS RACKET. A few days ago a very small news item in formed the public that the firm of Markle Bros., Inc., and L. W. Christenson, head of the L. W. Christenson Trafic agency, had been convicted by a federal jury of making false claims against the Wabash and Illinois Central railroads. The success of this prosecution deserves the widest publicity. The claims racket costs the railways untold millions every year, which of course must be collected from the public in un necessarily high freight charges. The technique is simple. First load a car with overripe fruit or inferior vegetables at some point in Florida, California, or Oregon and ship it to a metropoli tan market. If luck favors and it can be readily sold there will be substantial gains, but if for tune frowns, dump the stuff and file a claim with the railways based on the market value of " extra fancy" grades. Of course sworn statements to support the allegation that the railway is responsible must be made, but perjury at the expense of a railroad has come to be regarded as mere fibbing, an exaggerated form of the statement that 16 year old Willie is " just going on 12 " when purchasing a half fare ticket Even when fraud is detected the danger of conviction is small, because juries have not, as a rule, regarded railways as deserving of consideration. In this case, however, a jury was assembled that considered an oath an oath, even when filed with a common carrier. ; The guilty parties will now have time to wonder if the public is commencing to think of the railways as valuable servants and not fair victims 'for plunder. '"" Claim sharks", may take heed. The interstate commerce commission's investigators who unearthed the case and doggedly prosecuted it for a year are to be-congratulated, and doubtless will be stimulated to further effort by this victory over racket and prejudice. Editorial of the Day OUR GENTLE SPRI-NTER. Whether it's spring because it's baseball or baseball because it's spring, it's now both, or may be if publication of the statement follows quickly enough upon the making of it. We've often known it to be spri-nter. The change occurred right in the uttered word. The wind shifted. Sometimes it's only spr-all and again it may be spr-ummer. It seldom remains spring, but whether one thing or another it's a season of interesting variety. Truth loving old timers relate that they have seen frightened hepatica pull up their roots and flee to escape pursuing snowflakes. In those days even the flowers were wilder than they are now. At the present it requires a nature lover to get a rtl-aticr. up by the roots. The only unusual sprinter pry this year is of robins using icicles to excavate for worms. li has been remarked that the covered stand of a baseball park can be the coldest place in the world in spring. Winter haunts it. Certain chill winds have their source in its recesses and apparently are confined to it. When the park is used in the fall for professional football it is, contrariwise, warm enough for comfort. Some- . OUR GIFT TO HUGHES. . Decatur, , 111., Herald. Thousands of automobiles are running around on streets and highways of Illinois with 1935 license plates. More than three months have passed since the date on which these licenses expired and new ones were required by law. The state of Illinois Issued 160 millions of bonds In expectation that the license fees would be collected promptly, and the state Is paying Interest on the money. Any citizen who will sit down with a pencil and a piece of paper can quickly discover that the Interest on even one million dollars, for three months, Is a figure of serious importance. The automobile owners who are cheating are piling up a bill that all other taxpayers must pay. ; Unfortunately, no pressure is likely to be applied for the collection of these long overdue accounts until after the primary election. The amount that tax payers lose by tue delay should be charge up as a direct contribution, forced from the law abiding tax payers of thi state, toward the campaiga fund oZ Secretary of State Edward Hughes. Strong Man McCarthy John Ringling was in sore need of a strong man for his circus and, after due consultation, the consensus seemed to indicate that the strongest men in the world were to be found in Ireland, in the County Mayo; indeed, east of the Slieve Gamoh mountains in the town of Aclare. For here, it was rumored, dwelt the descendants of the Fianna of Ireland. Now presently John Ringling came to this town of Aclare and went forthwith to the blacksmith shop which is across the green from the church, so. Ho paused in the, door to watch the smith, the better to gauge his strength. The smith picked up a bar of iron in his great hands and bent it cold into a perfect horseshoe. And with his thumb and forefinger he bent the caulks on the hind part of the shoe and squeezed out the caulk on the fore part of the shoe. "Here," said John, "is the man I want." He approached the smith, telling his need. "God be with you," said the smith, modestly; "lam not a strong man at all. It is the Strong Man McCarthy that you will be wanting. Faith, he is the strongest man in these parts, so he is." "How," inquired John, "does one come to the Strong Man McCarthy?" Hereupon the smith reached down and picked up the anvil with his right hand, using the horn for a pointer, and said, wagging the anvil as he spoke: " Sure, and you go a matter of five miles on the road toward the mountains and then you turn to your right hand and after a matter of two miles you will see a big red barn and in that red barn and in no other place will you find the Strong Man McCarthy." Then he placed the anvil on the block again and picked up another bar of iron. John went on his way, wondering. . After a time he came to the red barn and beside the barn he beheld a giant of a man plowing, the handles of the plow grasped firmly and the moist loam curling quickly from the bright plowshare. The peculiar part of this operation, however, was that nowhere in the field were there any horses and John perceived that the great man was pushing the plow. So John went up to him, saying: " God bless the work, Mister McCarthy." " Faith," said the man, " it is a shame and insult you are after putting the fine name of McCarthy on meself, for I am not McCarthy at all, at all, being only a poor laboring man that works lor him by the day." "How, then, can I come to the Strong Man McCarthy?" Whereupon the poor laboring man drew the plow out of the earth and, pointing it, said: " The Strong Man is at Castlebar performing his feats for the folk that come in to the county fair, and that town of Castlebar is a matter of twenty miles south on the next cross road." And he thrust the plow in the ground and, whistling, completed his furrow. Now John, in some amazement, came at length to Castlebar and, going to the center of the town, beheld a great crowd of people, and in the midst of them a space in which stood the largest man he had ever seen. As he pushed his way through the crowd he inquired who the man might be. "It is Strong Man McCarthy, of course," they replied, surprised at his ignorance. Then John heard the great voice of the Strong Man: " And now, good friends, before ever I leave this place for Aclare I will show you one more tricic, or the devil take me! X will place this hand on the nape of my neck, so and this hand on the scat of my pants, so and then I will be after holding myself straight out at arm's length ! " An' sure, right then John Ringling fainted dead away, so he did, and he never saw Strong Man McCarthy grab himself by the seat of the pants and the nape of his neck' and hold himself straight out at arm's length, at all, at all ! : William B. Park. TARAXACUM OFFICINALE. You mut among all the flowers ! But a mut with the bulldog strain-Let there be just a few warm hours, . With a dash of early spring rain, And, presto ! as though in reply : - To a buzzer down in the sod, With a yellow, impudent eye, ' You're winking and saying " Here, God." You bring us the first vivid hue To brighten Spring's new sickly green ; This yellowest yellow, which you, Later, smear too much on the scene. A TRUE STATEMENT. Wilson Jackson and Williams had a terrible fight last night at the club. ' Companion looking surprised That's strange, thought those two were inseparable. ffowtoKoepWell fyDrlrvmg S. Cutter From Across the Sea w - To the limit of space questions pertaining to hygiene and prevention of disease will be answered in this column. Personal replies will be made to inquiries, under proper limitations, when return stamped envelope is in-closed. Dr. Cutter will not make diagnoses or prescribe for individual disease. Copyright : 1936: By The Chicago Tribune-JN. Y. News Syndicate, Inc. PARKINSON'S DISEASE (SHAKING PALSY). HEN that troublesoma state of affairs known as Parkinson's disease shaking palsy i was described by James Parkinson in 1817 it was far less common than It Is today. In his original essay Parkinson noted that the condition had been observed by earlier , writers, but was not thought to be due to a disease. We now know that "Infections involving the brain encephalitis, meningitis, etc. may be attended with a . sequence of distressing symptoms. Until " recent years but few cases were observed until after the fifth decade of life, ; when It was often associated with senile changes.- - Encephalitis, commonly called sleeping sickness, is far more prevalent now, although It has been known for at least two centuries. No clear cut, scientific descriptions appeared until 1917, when a number of cases were reported in Vienna accompanying an outbreak of influenza. It became manifest in the United States in 1918 and by, the middle of 1919 had extended to various parts of the country. In our fairly severe epidemics of recent years many cases of all ages have developed symptoms of. Parkinson's disease subsequently, sometimes many weeks or months after recovery from the original Infection. Influenza is. a factor and It may be that this disease and encephalitis are closely related, as severe cases of " flu " unaccompanied by the " typical brain symptoms have been followed by shaking palsy. The early signs may be general, Including lassitude, headache, and fatigue of the muscles with tremors. The part of the body first affected is usually the right hand, where a characteristic movement of the thumb over the other fingers pill-rolling may be observed. Trembling, which may come on periodically, gradually spreads to the arm and then to the leg of the same side of the body. As the tremor becomes more fixed and constant there is n marked change in the posture of the patient. ' While there Is no paralysis, the normal swing of the arms on walking Is decreased and the -victim stoops noticeably. Symptoms of muscular rigidity then become evident. The face looks waxy and masklike. The eyes are staring and fixed and winking is infrequent. When walking the patient will move slowly at first, take short steps, and exhibit a tendency to fall forward. This compels him to adopt unwillingly a running pace. Speech becomes monotonous, difficulty in writing increases, and the profuse secretion of saliva may become troublesome drooling at the mouth. We may have true Parkinsonism without all of these symptoms; In fact, , it may take years before the final stage with the stooping posture and muscular rigidity is reached. Wilson They were. It took six of us to drag them thing might be done about this if there could be. - apart. Windsor. Star, And right from the very first You start on a life of crime; By millions you're harried and cursed As they mow and dig all the time. They plunge cold steel in your vitals, With deadly chemicals treat you; Most vicious of all requitals Some take you, boil you, and eat you. You toughest of all the flowers 1 A question among dispensations; The pleasure would still be all ours, Except for your countless relations. Evan S. Tonian. FIRST TELEVISION TEST in U. S. Announced for June 29." Headline. Well, if I've not only to listen to a radio announcer, telling me what toothpaste to use but also have to look at the tele vision screen and see him illustrating how to put it on the brush and how to wield the brush across the ivories then I'm going to find that desert island in the South Pacific or bust a shoestring. R. II. L. For some time the tremor and rigidity have been attacked with hy-oscine, tincture of stramonium, and extract of the parathyroid glands. Recently atropine a drug closely allied to stramonium has been used because these patients are strikingly less sensitive to its effects than are normal individuals. The drug is usually given by mouth and the dose is gradually Increased to the limit of tolerance. No fixed amount can be predetermined because no two patients will react exactly alike. As soon as improvement appears the dose is lowered until the symptoms be come pronounced. It is finally fixed at a point which will give the maximum control and at the same time not produce unbearable dryness of the mouth. Many patients are enabled thereby to take atropine indefinitly. We must recall that this drug dilates the pupils of the eyes, causing blurring of vision. If it is taken over a period of months these symptoms as a rule are far less noticeable.. Under the influence of atropine the gait becomes more normal, muscular rigidity begins to disappear. and sometimes patients who have been bedfast have been so far restored as to be able to feed and dress themselves. Most authors agree that the atropine treatment is well worth a trial provided the patient can be under accurate medical supervision so that overdosing will not occur. CONGRATULATIONS. D. G. writes: In 1923 my terrible backache was finally diagnosed as arthritis of the spine and I was crushed In spirit as well as physically. Today, and for many weeks, the arthritic pains are felt rarely. I am 55 years old. I feel the following procedures have contrib uted most toward helping me: My first comfort Is a sun lamp. Then in summer, sun baths lying on my stomach entirely nude on an upstairs porch, which is roofless. Bath towels wrung out of 'ery hot water relieve severe pain. I eat very little starchy foods and sweets, but use plenty of salads, green vegetables, and meat. I also take the juice of lemon in hot water before breakfast and a glass of orange juice later. I rest frequently. Walking I think is very necessary. I dust and make myself use ful around the house according to my ability. I have periodic physical examinations and v read books on mental hygiene. - All this is .written to prove that you are right when you say that " the fate of an arthritic patient is largely in his own hands " and " the patient must make recovery his chief business." The sufferer must study what helps him and what does not and govern himself accordingly. One Is so apt to give the doctor too big an order without putting forth every effort to assist him in filling it, REPLY. Tou have outlined an excellent plan and you are to be congratulated on your faith ful adherence to the program. Improvement will continue. BLOOD PRESSURE. Mrs. C. L. W; writes : 1. Which is more dangerous a high or a low blood pressure? , 2. What causes a pressure of only 100 in a stout, apparently healthy woman of 44 years? REPLY. 1. The danger would depend on the amount of deviation from normal. A varia tion in blood pressure is a .symptom, not disease, and numerous factora must be taken into consideration in determining its mean ing-. Insurance companies have found that a moderately low blood pressure in apparently healthy persons is conducive to lon gevity. 2. A blood pressure of 100 Is close to normal. Ia the absence of other symptoms there is no cause for alarm. BY JOHN POWELL. Chicago Tribune Press Service. TIENTSIN, China. The South Manchuria railway, 50 per cent Japanese government owned and entirely controled by the Kwantung continental branch of the imperial army, is suffering from "growing pains" and may .have to be reorganized. A committee of the Tokio clearing house, disturbed at the disinclination of the public to purchase S. M. R. securities, recommended caution on the ground that an over-expansion of Japanese investments in Manchuria might lead to " frozen " credits which might have an adverse, if not disastrous, effect on the domestic finan: cial situation in Japan. The committee report showed that from 1932 to 1936 Japanese investors poured new capital into Manchukuo amounting to 800,000,000 yen about $240,000,000, much of which went into securities or enterprises pro-' moted by the railway Until a few months ago new issues of the S. M. R. were always oversubscribed. The Manchurian affairs bureau," headed by the minister of war, which has charge of the railway, recently issued several patriotic appeals to investors, but without avail. The predicament is exceeding embarrassing owing to plans for expansion in North China which were formulated by the special secret service branch of the Kwantung army. A so-called economic investigation office of the S. M. R. in the Japanese concession here has been working for months paving the way for S. M. R. expansion south of the Great Wall. Research department officials state the railway requires 728,500,000 yen new capital for enterprises which the army-lists under "national policy." But authorization "must ' be obtained because under present regulations the Company may only raise 93,000,000 yen. Yosuke Matsuoka, who represented' Japan at Geneva before becoming president of the railway, ' has ' been working hard to persuade the government to authorize the railway to increase its debenture issuing capacity by 500,000,000 yen immediately. ' IThe yen is currently worth 28.9 cents. Some of the items Matsuoka lists as necessary are advances to Manchukuo state railways for improvements, construction of new lines, completion of Rashin Corea harbor, Fushun power plants, coal liquefaction plant, aluminum works, soda company, Showa steel works, coal mining enterprises and chemical works, all involving a total expenditure of 358,-000,000 yen. Others include completion of purchase of bonds of the former soviet-owned Chinese Eastern railway, investments in the electrical industry and other enterprises amounting to 224,500,000 yen. Atten tion is called to the fact that the net profit for the fiscal year ending March 31 will probably exceed 48,000,000 yen, an increase from 43,000,000 yen last year, enabling the company to continue its 8 per cent dividend. Investors have grown skeptical of the railway's future due to military control. They claim that heavy Japanese capital investments have disturbed Manchukuo's normal economy. Whereas under the preceding Chinese administration the Manchurian provinces always enjoyed a large export surplus, the reverse is now the ease, Manchuria buying much more than it sells. There has been a great falling off in the international demand for the country's chief product, soya beans, of which Manchuria once enjoyed a world monopoly. Osaka financiers charge there has been much reckless investment in un profitable enterprises p a r t i c ularly branch lines and motor roads through wild unpopulated country, this being done at the orders of the military. They claim that an examination of Japan's chief sales in the Manchurian market reveals an overwhelmum balance on the military side. They point out that authorization of the Matsuoka scheme for new financing would raise the railvay's total invest ment in Manchuria to 1,745,715,000 yen, a figure entirely too large for comfort, particularly in view of the possibility of its being tied up as the result of military complications on the Manchurian front. HELPING THE LITTLE FARMER ' Columbus Dispatch. rtS)5rn I OH, BOY.' THis' ' ff8 VSSfl fOf IS. THE f and I Thought lirVr 'h ?f; SsX The MONEY WS EL ; Bw-S?ortt - lpk. 7 supposed- I WztfSW-. 'W&M ' t'&iFinPiDA to goto us jpj . VOICE OF THE PEOPLE Writers should confine themselves to 200 or 300 words. Give full names and addresses. No manuscripts can be returned. Address Voice of ' the People, The Tribune. t : ADVANCING RENTS. Chicago, April 9. I've been apartment hunting and have seen the wonderful bargains these generous landlords have been offering us for 55 and 60. Any one of them would have rented for $40 or $45 last year. ' Is 'the $15 Increase in rent supposed to be a sign of good times? Perhaps for "the landlords! I noticed no Increase in-my husband's salary checK, and yet our irent was raised $2.50.' I put a deposit down on an apartment, which X -thought meant 'twas to be mine. A week later the owner called me and told me to come get my deposit; that the tenant who now lived there decided to stay. But' the truth was that some one came along and rented the same apartment I did, but offered her more money. She hadn't removed the " To rent " sign after I had taken it, and continued showing it to people in liopes she would get more rent. Do you call that fair? Mrs. R. R. FORECASTING BY SUN SFOTS. Chicago, April 9. As we have hardly finished reading about the great eastern floods, it IS interesting to turn back to The ' Chicago Tribune of May 5, 1934 Tpage 13, where we find a prediction of world floods in 1936-'38. These were made by Capt. Thomas J. J. See, professor of . mathematics, United States navy, on the basis of increased sun spots. I wonder how many people will say In retrospect, "See, he was right!" That there have been great floods this year we cannot deny. We hope that the rest of the prediction will prove less reliable. What are these great solar phenomena, so many thousands of light years away. that they should produce such specific effects on this little planet? If I am not mistaken there is hardly a great catastrophe for which sun spots have not been blamed by some one earthquakes, vol canic eruptions, drouths, floods, etc. Sun spots undoubtedly have some effect on our weather conditions. Capt. See pointed out that an increase of these solar disturbances decreases the amount of solar heat to reach the earth and thereby permits or produces cold air to mix with warm air, bringing on greater precipitation. Likewise a decrease of sun spots produces drouths, he says. Of course he couldn't escape pointing out the 11 year cycle, which he has traced back to the battle of King Porus in 328 B. C, and claims that these cycles control flood .and drouth conditions and even human temperament, apparently, as they also are blamed for business depressions and periods of prosperity. That sort of takes the wind out of political arguments! Great things, these sun spots. G. Frederick Shepherd, Technical Assistant in Geology, Museum of Science and Industry. POLITICAL LAWBREAKERS. Chicago, April 9. Our nomination for the most effective piece of writing that has appeared in The Tribune this year is the story by Hal Foust in this morning's paper containing a wholesale indictment against political candidates racing around the city endangering the'lives of citizens. If Hal Foust Is to be congratulated on his stinging rebuke to political lawbreakers The Tribune is to be congratulated on its Impartial attitude In flaying friend and foe alike.- The Pharisaical attitude of giving lip service to the cause of safety while its apostles tear to shreds all the laws of safety has been exposed. The Tribune has earned the gratitude of Democrats and Republicans in all the camps. We want our political heroes as well as our political enemies to obey the laws. J. J. Cavanagh, General Manager, Chicago Motor Club. THE WPA IN THE PRIMARY. Chicago, April 10. By this morning's Tribune we are again informed that Republican election judges and clerks, who are under WPA also other WPA workers have received orders to vote the Democratic primary ballot or lose their Jobs. Say, whose money Is It? Whose tax money is it pays at least one-half the WPA costs? Is it not at least 50 per cent from Republican pockets? Let's get the citizenship history of these bosses. ' Frances E. Spooiier. FRIEND OF THE PEOPLE Letters to this department must be signed witi names and addresses of writers. CONTEST OF WILL. Chicago, April 11. Legal Friend of the People. I wish to contest a will in California. 1. Can a lawyer handle it here? 2. Is it advisable to secure a lawyer there? 3. Can the same ordinarily be done satisfactorily up to the time of trial through correspondence with a Cal ifornia lawyer? 4. Would you advise a trip there to explain the case to the lawyer? 5. Are cases of will contests accepted by lawyers on a percentage basis? 6. How can I secure an irventory of the estate? Same is in probate but no ; inventory has been filed. A. E. H. 1. Yes, in the sense that it is ordinarily advisable to employ an attorney here to forward such a matter to an attorney there for action unless you are acquainted there. 2. See 1. 3 and 4. Depends on the facts. 5. Depends on the strength of the evi dence as bearing: on the chances of success. 6. Try writing to the clerk of the' court asking him to bring pressure to bear on the executor to force the filing of an inventory. After the inventory ie filed you can obtain a copy from the clerk of the court by paying him. TK1BUKE LAW DEPARTMENT. EQUESTRIANS' SAFETY. Chicago, April 10. Some time ago a large sum of money was appropriated for a bridle path along the sanitary district canal and McCormick road. It seems that out of that sum a little bit could have gone into a few signs of some sort to show the blind motorists that there was a bridle path in the vicinity and that the horses have the right of way. On last Aug. 18, at the bridle path and Touhy avenue about 9 p. m., two horses were hit by an automobile, crippling one of the riders for life. If there had been a sign there the accident might have been avoided. The way some of the drivers, act when they see a horse and rider trying to get "across one of the streets, a person would think they were afraid of the horse, and wanted to get past it as fast as they could. This summer there will be more riders than ever on the path, and it Is not too late to protect their safety. Martin T. Laffey. A LIFE WHICH COULD HAVE BEEN SAVED. Chicago, April 10. Reading the very sad story in your paper Tuesday morning of the 15 year old Kelvyn Park High school girl who was killed while taking a short cut across the Milwaukee, railway tracks between Kedvale avenue and Pulaski road on her way home bring3 to mind the neglect of our city officials in providing for the welfare of our people. The cause of this accident is that the railway tracks are not cut through between Fullerton and Diversey avenues, which is a distance of a half mile. The boys and girls living on the east side of the tracks, in order to get to and from school, are obliged to go this distance out of their way if they are to avoid going over the tracks. The saddest part of the story is that the property owners in the immediate vicinity were assessed more than eight years ago to pay for the paving of Wrightwood avenue, which would have provided a much needed and convenient passageway. It is more than eight years since this money was paid, and no work has been done. Where is this money and why isn't this paid-for work done? It seems to me that if our city officials would put as much effort toward the interest of the people during their time of office as they do in trying to keep up the power of their party in time of election a thing like this would not happen. Albert A. Gauger. THE EIGHT DAY! WEEK. Chicago, April 10. I see that another day of rest is to be provided for fire men. That Win necessitate an eignt uay week. That means a forty-three week year, i am paid Dy me weeit. otop it: B. E. Jabers. HABEAS CORPUS. Chicago, April 9. Ia reference to your editorial relating to the origin of the writ of habeas corpus and the letter in the Voice of the People today, may I add: Originally the writ of habeas corpus was not available to individuals as it is today. At first only the king could use the writ and, strange to say, it was often used in effect to keep a person in jail Instead of getting him out. ; Now the significant thing is as Mait-land states, " as happened in many other cases this prerogative of the king to use the writ of habeas corpus came to be regarded as the right of the subject." Such is one aspect of the origin of our writ of freedom. J. William. EPIGRAMS OF 1936. Evansville, Ind., April 9. Another epigram has entered our language: 44 As crooked as a senate investigation." A. P. THE PEDESTRIAN IS GROWING WEAK Detroit News (Copyright). ESTATE PROPERTY. Chicago, April 11. Legal Friend of the People. My aunt, who died In Iowa, left me one-seventh of her estate. About one year has passed and I have received my share of the personal prop erty $800. There still remain a rented five room furnished house and seven and one-half acres of land in Florida. I am closest to the estate, three of the heirs being In England. Would like 'j know 1 how I could buy the real estate. 2. Is rent being paid into estate? 3. If so, are taxes being taken care of? 4. Can I move into the house? 5. Can I demand real estate be sold? 6. If so, must all heirs agree on sale and 7 on price? R. B. 1. If you contemplate such purchase, the first step would be to employ an attorney. 2 and 3. This is a. question of fact on which we are not informed. 4 and 5. You would have no such right on the bare facts stated. 6. Not necessarily. For example, if the personal property is insufficient to pay the debts there could be a statutory proceeding to sell real estate to pay debts. 7. See preceding answers. TEIBUKS liATff SEPAETJIENT.- IGAVEHW ATKKET'j

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