The Baltimore Sun from Baltimore, Maryland on July 23, 1977 · 2
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The Baltimore Sun from Baltimore, Maryland · 2

Baltimore, Maryland
Issue Date:
Saturday, July 23, 1977
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r; THE SUN, Saturday, July News capsule "V; In the city Governor Mandel yesterday said gifts from friends were expressions of friendship, payment for legal fees and loans Al The Mandel trial adjourned early after "exhausting" testimony by the Governor. ". Al Hundreds of barrels filled with lacquer, paint and dyes exploded in a Southwest Baltimore fire.................Al Federal agents seized 1,000 pounds of hashish brought into the port of Baltimore on a freighter Bl Dale Anderson asked a court for tax relief on loans from Joel Kline, the stock manipulator. Bl y V." 1 Jf W Mima Firemen at lacquer company blaze. ' In the nation Bert Lance, the budget director, President Carter said he is review-agreed to give a Senate panel an ex- fog the possibility of constructing a planation of a $3.4 million loan.......Al new sea-level Panama Canal .....A4 A House-Senate committee decid- FBI agents said there is no evi- ed the new secretary of energy will dence two accused spies ever ob- have no authority to set gas prices..Al twined cruise-missile components...A5 Prirfpnt farter called on the A iudSe uPhe,d the Pwers of the AI ?SEE5S A woman and eight children were flooded Johnstown (Pa.) area, certain slain in a Prospect (Conn.) house fire tney woui,j fm(j more dead...............A7 believed to be arson A3 Telephone workers are taking a Identical twins, 6, thought to be re- strike vote against the Bell system.A7 tarded, are bright children who in- The House agreed to increase vented their own language...............A3 price supports for sugar A? A typical U.S. physician reported a stalemate over Vietnam-era de- that he works 58 hours a week and serters forced postponement of a earns $53,600 a year... A3 money bill A13 " ' In the world Egyptian planes bombed and severely damaged a Libyan air base in response to Libyan raids .....Al China announced that its party central committee has reinstated Teng Hsiao-ping.................... .....A2 Sri Lanka voters ousted the world's only woman head of government A2 After 40 years in the wings, J.R. Jayewardene has moved to the center of Sri Lanka's political stage...........A2 India's government refused to launch an inquiry into the killings of untouchables A2 Harold Brown is en route to Seoul for some hard bargaining over a U.S. . troop withdrawal...... .....A2 A monsoon rain halted a border clash between Cambodian and Thai troops.. ...A2 Thai-Cambodian clash halted by monsoon rain Aranyaprathet, Thailand (AP)-The heaviest fighting ever between Thai and Communist Cambodian forces was stilled by a monsoon rain yesterday and the combatants dug in near a border village claimed by both countries. . The rains put at least a temporary end to Thai artillery and aircraft strikes against Cambodian emplacements around the village of Noi Parai, 140 miles east of Bangkok in an area of rice paddies and scrub land. Thai commanders in this district capital said there were no plans to reinforce police and Army units entrenched about 100 yards away from an estimated 300 black-clad Cambodian troops. Seventeen Thai soldiers were killed and Pope Paul held untrue to faith Buenos Aires (AP)-The Most Rev. Marcel Lefebvre, the rebel French archbishop, yesterday said he no longer regards Pope Paul VI as the valid leader of the Catholic Church because he is leading the church to Protestantism. "The Pone, anv dom. loses the right to obedience from the priests and the faithful when he stops defending the faith, the true faith of the Catholic Church," the 72-year-old prelate told a news conference. "And this is especially true when we see changes in the church which make us look more like Protestants than Catholics," he said. Archbishop Lefebvre seeks an end to current liberal church modernization and a return to traditional values. His symbol for this is the reinstatement of the so-called Tridentine mass, named after the Council of Trent that devised the Latin rite in 1580. The mass remained the same for centuries until changes brought about by the Ecumenical Council in the 1960 s. Pope Paul has suspended Archbishop lefebvre from his priestly fuctions. 23, 1977 and state Officials promised to correct a defect in a Lauretta avenue house ......Bl The eight-day-long air pollution alert for the metropolitan area was canceled Bl The Pallottine Fathers have distributed $2.6 million to their own mis-sions and other charities this year..Bl Residents of a public housing project will choose a member of the Arundel housing authority Bl More than 100 police officers were assigned to handle the Italian Festival at the Inner Harbor Bl A boy scout and an assistant scout master died in a fiery traffic at Berlin, Md Bl The 24-year-old son of a Green-mount avenue liquor store owner was killed during a holdup B2 The city comptroller may intensify his campaign against the Memorial Stadium concessionnaire B2 The state's labor and industry commissioner said he is mapping guards against sewer deaths B2 A Crown oil dealer admitted perjuring himself to further a suit over price-fixing.......................................B2 Baltimore firefighters are about to start a drive to recruit policemen into their union .......................................... B2 Toilet-flushing theorists say Ocean City population fell off last week, but others dispute them B18 Andover Senior High School in Lin-thicum was heavily damaged by a fire blamed on arson .......................B18 The president of Cecil Community College charged the college's former dean with phone harassment B18 Edward Cuffley pleaded for help to find the body of his son, thought to be drowned in Lock Raven.............B18 A new price scheme was to take effect in Czechoslovakia A4 Over American objections, the PLO became the first nonstate to rise to full membership in a U.N. body..A4 King Juan Carlos opened Spain's first freely elected parliament in four decades A4 Soviet commentaries pieced together a picture of a U.S. foreign policy beholden to "Jewish capitalists" .A4 The Carter administration has approved an arms deal for Israel........A4 Officials said the President's speech on U.S.-Soviet relations was meant to reassure and to warn A4 Two administration officials defended the pending sale of AW ACS to Iran..... A4 more than 50 others wounded Thursday at the height of the three-day battle, which began as a clash between Thai and Cambodian border patrols. Cambodia did not announce its casualties, but Sangad Chaloryoo, the Thai defense minister, said he had reports of more than 30 Cambodian dead. . Upadit Pachariyangkun, the Thai foreign minister, said a dispute over the countries' poorly marked 500-mile border was the apparent reason for the clash. He said Thailand would send an urgent protest note to Cambodia. Relations between Thailand and Cambodia have been cool since Communist forces defeated the American-backed government in April, 1975. The two countries have no diplomatic relations at the embassy level but each maintains a liaison office for handling protests. This week's battle was the worst of many border clashes since the war's end. It apparently grew out of a dispute over Noi Parai last January, when Cambodian forces raided the village and killed about 30 civilians. The Cambodian government, which accuses Thailand of aiding anti-Communist insurgents, claimed at the time that the village was in its territory and the attack was "an internal affair." Thailand says the village is 800 yards from the Cambodian border. Meantime, five Thai policemen and a Malaysian soldier were killed yesterday in another border battle between a joint Thai-Malaysian force and guerrillas of the Malayan Communist party. They were ambushed by a guerrilla band fleeing an artillery and aerial bombardment in Thailand's Weng district, Thai security officials said. Three other Thai policemen were reported wounded. A force of about 6,000 Thais and Malaysians launched a drive in March to destroy jungle camps along the border in southern Thailand where about 3,000 guerrillas operate. The operation was proclaimed successful a month later, but it continued. China reinstates Teng, By ARNOLD R. ISAACS Hong Kong Bureau of The Sun Hong Kong China announced last night that the Communist party Central Committee has reinstated the twice-purged Teng Hsiao-ping to his previous senior posts, confirmed Hua Kuo-feng as party chairman and expelled the ultra-Maoist "gang of four" from the party. All three decisions were taken unanimously, according to a communique broadcast by Radio Peking and transmitted simultaneously by Hsinhua, the official Chinese news agency. Mr. Teng's rehabilitation and the expulsion of the "gang of four"-the radical Politburo faction led by Mao Tse-tung's widow, Chiang Ching-had been disclosed earlier by wall posters in Peking. The 74-year-old Mr. Teng's resumption of power as vice premier, vice chairman of the party and its military commission, and Army chief of staff makes him nominally the third-ranking Chinese leader but in reality probably the second most powerful figure under Mr. Hua. His policies a pragmatic approach stressing economic development, modernization of both civilian and military technology and an easing of the Maoist doctrine of "permanent struggle" had already been vindicated, with Mr. Hua and his associates following the course Mr. Teng had set before he was driven from office under radical attack in April, 1976. Thus, though his return from political oblivion is a dramatic event in itself, it does not foreshadow any major shifts in China's domestic or foreign policies. The Central Committee meeting, the first plenary session since Mao's death last September, began last Saturday and ended yesterday, according to the commu- Sri Lanka voters oust Mrs. Bandaranaike Colombo, Sri Lanka (AP)-Sri Lanka voters ousted the world's only woman head of government and gave the chief opposition party a 5-to-l majority in Parliament, according to results announced yesterday. The landslide defeat of Sirimavo Bandaranaike, 61, in Thursday's parliamentary election marked the third ouster of a prime minister on the Indian subcontinent in the past four months. Junius Richard Jayewardene, a 71-year-old political veteran, is to take the oath of office today after official vote Senate approves $4.8 billion aid Washington (AP) -Foreign aid authorization bills totaling $4.8 billion were approved by the Senate and sent to President Carter yesterday. The measures, passed by voice vote, authorize $1.6 billion for economic assistance and $3.2 billion for military aid. , Both were approved by the House Thursday after being worked out by House-Senate conferees. The economic assistance bill requires foreign aid administrators to take into account actions affecting human rights before determining whether a country should receive United States aid. It bars any aid or reparations to Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos or Cuba. The military assistance bill authorizes $53 million less than was requested by the Carter administration. It authorizes a special $80 million fund for assistance to southern African nations but bars any of the aid from going to Mozambique, Angola, Tanzania or Zambia. After 40 years in Sri Lanka's wings, 4J. R.' moves to stage center there Colombo, Sri Lanka (AP) Junius Richard Jayewardene, newly elected prime minister-designate of Sri Lanka and victor over the world's last remaining woman government leader, always had been a man in the wings of political power. In a 40-year political career the man known simply as "J. R." held virtually all important public offices in this Indian Ocean island that hangs like a teardrop off the southern coast of India. Several times he acted as head of government Now, two months before his 71st birthday, he has won the office that has always eluded him, ousting in the process Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the prime minister for seven years, in Sri Lanka's national elections Thursday. . Mr. Jayewardene is regarded as an austere man with a rightist reputation, sometimes called the "high priest of capitalism," even though he maintains that socialism is Sri Lanka's best course. He has won praise even from his critics for resurrecting the United National party after it was given up for dead 21 years ago. Since then the party thrice has captured the Sri Lanka government Although considered a conservative throughout most of his political career, Mr. Jayewardene campaigned for office on what he called a "democratic socialist" platform. He plans to set up a 200-square-mile free economic zone in Sri Lanka, once called Ceylon, as a matter of urgent priority in an effort to solve the pressing economic problems of high unemployment and low foreign exchange reserves. "I consider this to be a solution to our economic problems," he said recently. "I am not doing it for some capitalists. I want Sri Lanka to be socialist. Outside the zone I will only encourage small Industry." Mr. Jayewardene was one of the architects of what was called the "Colombo Plan" set up in 1950 to extend aid to needy countries of what then was called the British Commonwealth. Mr. Jayewardene was born September 17, 1906, the India refuses New'Delhi-The ruling People's party governmenl came under fire yesterday in the upper house of Parliament when the opposition Congress party, with the implic it support of a section of the government benches, sought a judicial inquiry into recent violent clashes in which untouchables have been the victims. Scores reportedly have been killed and many Injured. After a day-long parliamentary battle, the opposition walked out to protest the government's refusal to accept its demand for an investigation. ft': TENG HSIAO-PING nique. The announcement of its decisions was greeted with organized mass celebrations and fireworks, according to news agency accounts from Peking. The communique said a full national party congress the 11th in the party's 56-year history will be held before the end of this year, completing the transition to the post-Mao era. There was no indication that the pie- counting ends on this Indian Ocean island, formerly Ceylon. His United National party won 137 of the 168 seats in Parliament with a few races unreported. Mrs. Bandaranaike's Sri Lanka. Freedom party had won 6 seats, according to official results announced on the state radio. A minority ethnic party won 17 seats. The Communist-oriented United Left Front failed to win any. Mr. Jayewardene's party, which has run Sri Lanka for 14 of its 29 years of independence, returned to power with a mandate so broad as to indicate a temporary end to the country's two-party system. At a news conference yesterday, Mr. Jayewardene pledged to convene an all-party meeting to fulfil his election pledge to form a "grand coalition government" against Sri Lanka's severe economic problems. Mrs. Bandaranaike is the last woman to lead a national government Queen Elizabeth II of Britain and other mon-archs serve as heads of state but do not depend upon an electorate for their positions. Other women heading governments in this decade were Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir, who resigned in 1974; Isabel Peron, who became president of Argentina upon her husband's death in 1974 and was overthrown by the military last year; and Indira Gandhi, defeated in India's election in March. Like the Indian prime minister, Mrs. Bandaranaike was criticized for ruling with harsh emergency regulations, curbing political and press freedom and extending Parliament beyond its elected term. And like Mrs. Gandhi's son, Sanjay, first of 11 children. The son of a Supreme Court judge, he attended law school and practiced law briefly before being drawn into politics by the independence movement in neighboring India. In his early career, Mr. Jayewardene was elected to the Colombo Municipal Council and the State Council, which was the precursor to the Parliament of independent Ceylon. In 1947 he won election to the first Parliament and was finance minister until 1953, when he became food and agriculture minister and also leader of the House of Representatives, the No. 2 spot in the government Mr. Jayewardene suffered his first reversal in 1956 when his party was defeated by Mrs. Bandaranaike's husband, the late Solomon Bandaranaike. Mr. Jayewardene lost his own seat, but demonstrated strength in defeat by rebuilding the United National party. Solomon Bandaranaike was assassinated in 1959. By March, 1960, the UNP was strong enough to win the national election but its government was defeated soon after in Parliament, forcing new elections, won by Mrs. Bandaranaike. . In 1964, political maneuvers organized by Mr. Jayewardene brought Mrs. Bandaranaike's defeat in Parliament, and the UNP returned to power. Mr. Jayewardene once more became the man in the wings as Dudley Senan-ayake became prime minister. Five years later, Mrs. Bandaranaike headed a three-party alliance of Communists, Trotskyists and her own Freedom party to rout the UNP. Mr. Senanayake then asked Mr. Jayewardene to become leader of the opposition in Parliament while retaining the leadership of the UNP for himself. Mr. Senanayake died in 1973 and Mr. Jayewardene took over the party leadership, reorganizing it and giving it new direction. Yesterday, "J. R." had come in from the wings. " to investigate By PRAN SABHARWAL New Delhi Bureau of The Sun Since the March parliamentary elections, social and economic tensions have mounted, especially in rural India where about 80 per cent of India's 660 million population lives. Experts say the basic reason that 220 million Indians live below the poverty line Is the landless farm laborers, who belong to low castes, most of them known as untouchables. Owners of small and medium farms who employ these laborers find it almost impossible to pay them legal wages because of Insufficient earnings from their farms. purges 'gang of four' hart fhosen anv other leaders, aside from Mr. Teng, to fill the numerous remaining vacancies in the party leadership. The communique, in its list of leaders, mentioned only the known surviving members of the Politburo, one of whom, the aged Marshal Liu Po-cheng, was said to be on sick leave. The Politburo, thinned by deaths and purges, now has only 13 full and 4 alternate members remaining of the 25 who were chosen at the last party congress in 1973. Three vice chairmanships and six seats on the Politburo Standing Committee remain vacant The Central Committee communique said "important speeches" were delivered by Mr. Hua, Mr. Teng and the aging Yeh Chien-ying, the third member of what will now be the ruling triumvirate. The communique, in its account of the committee's actions, indicated that the process of arranging Mr. Teng's second comeback had been a long, drawn-out affair. Mr. Hua had proposed last March that a plenum be held to decide the matter, the communique said, and it also referred to two letters from Mr. Teng that were circulated in May. The contents of the letters were not disclosed, but presumably they related his side of the power struggle that cost him his office the previous year. Later, in a section listing the offenses of the "gang of four," the communique said the radical group "fabricated" accusations against Mr. Teng, "contrary to Chairman Mao's directives," although at the time, the campaip to criticize him as a "capitalist-roader" was officially declared to have been initiated personally by Mao himself. Mr. Teng had previously been in dis- . SIRIMAVO BANDARANAIKE ...ousted in Sri Lanka Mrs. Bandaranaike's son, Anura, proved a political liability because of allegations he made improper use of his mother's position to further his political and financial interests. The two women's defeats coincided with the emergence of a strong nine-party opposition in Pakistan that staged nationwide protests after accusing Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of stealing the March election. Mr. Bhutto was overthrown this month by military leaders who pledged a fair election in October. The outcome of Sri Lanka's parliamentary election, its eighth since gaining independence from Britain in 1948, continued a habit this island's 6.6 million voters have of turning out incumbents. In the 1970 elections, Mrs. Bandaranaike's party won 70 seats, and she formed a government with a leftist bloc that controlled 25 seats. The United National party won only 17 seats though it fielded 128 candidates. Jos. A. Bank Summer SALE COOL $105 SUITS S66 DOWNTOWN 25 S. Charles St SECURITY BLVD. Security Blvd. TOWSON Dulaney Valley Shpg. Ctr. Lenny IS NOW OPEN SUNDAYS 10A.M.-2P.M. TO "SERVE" YOU BETTER! 310 REISTERSTOWN ROAD Pikesville, Maryland 653-2233 1813 YORK ROAD . Timonium, Maryland 252-0667 killings Sun Want-Ads Phone 539-7700 grace from 1966 to 1973, one of the many nf Mao's Great Proletarian fiii. v jvni-" ... tural Revolution, in which numerous party veterans were driven from office. His second rehabilitation makes him unique in the purge-riddled history of the Chinese Communist party's factional wars. Mr. Teng, an aggressive, capable ad-ministrator, emerges as a significant counterweight to Mr Hua in the hierar-chy, and there has even been speculation that he may assume the premiership, that Mr. Hua holds concurrently with his post as party chairman. Even if that does not happen it appears likely Mr Teng's elevation will somewhat diminish Mr Hua's stature, which has been built up by a propaganda campaign resembling the glorifi-cation of Mao himself. Mr. Teng's return was made possible by the purge last October of his longtime foes in the party's radical clique. Beside Miss Chiang, the members of the now-vili-f ied gang are Wang Hung-wen, a youthful Shanghai party leader, Chang Chun-chiao, an older Shanghai leader who helped mastermind the cultural revolution, and Yao Wen-yuan, a radical propagandist The four were arrested less than a' month after Mao's death. Their formal ex-pulsion-a penalty reserved for the worst of traitors-puts the final seal on their fall from power. The communique issued yesterday, in a resume of their crimes, said they had conspired before Mao's death to make him a figurehead and afterward to seize power for themselves. The resolutions expelling them called Mr. Wang a "new bourgeois element" Mr. Chang a "Kuomintang special agent," Miss Chiang a "renegade" and Mr. Yao an "alien class element" Brown flying to Seoul for arms talks Seoul (AP)-South Korea is prepared for some hard bargaining with Harold Brown, the United States Secretary of Defense, early next week on a phased withdrawal of 33,000 American ground troops The U.S. defense chief arrives here tonight for talks Monday and Tuesday with Suh Jyong-chul, the South Korean defense minister, on how and when, and under what conditions the Americans are to leave. Convinced that the Carter administration will not budge from its withdrawal policy, President Park Chung-hee and his associates are determined to make sure that when the last of the troops are gone possibly five years from now -South Korea will be strong enough to stand up to any threat from North Korea. The six-point agenda for the ministerial talks in the Defense Ministry building here reflects this anxiety. It calls for discussions on the timetable and method of the withdrawal, setting up a Korea-U.S. combined command, reinforcing U.S. Air Force units here, transferring American weapons to the Koreans, U.S. logistical support in the event of war and beefing up through weapons modernization the 600,000-man South Korean Army. A Pentagon task force has come up with the figure of $8 billion in additional equipment over the five-year period. This would include about 250 jet fighters, including F-16's, and hundreds of helicopters, observation planes, missiles and guns. Mr. Brown arrives here with "a considerable mandate to consult and negotiate" on the weapons build-up. FINAL DAY FURTHER REDUCTIONS! all boys' & girls' sale apparel 50, 60 and more off One of the area's largest selections of sale clothing for infants, toddlers, girls 4 to 14, boys 4 to 7, 8 to 12, 13 to 20, and youth sizes 21 to 24 . . . regs,, slims and huskies. Waist sizes to 36. PRE-SEASON SALE OF NEWLY ARRIVED WINTER COATS AND JACKETS. . .20 OFF 1Uisonfe8s dropstltch studio PIKESVILLE STORE Pikesville Shopping Cents 1344 Reisterstown Road DROPSTITCH STUDIO 509 West Coldsprlng Lane Free Parking at rear entrance The Sun Published Every Weekday By The A. S. Abell Company 601 N. Cilvert St, Baltimore, Md. 21203 Telephones 332-6000 Circulation m-KW Clainfied Advertisiof 639 7700 Nam Room 332-6100 . State News Offices ai, Annapolit, Md. 2fi9-01M Bel Air, Md. S.1S-7425 Columbia, Mi 730-7219 Seuibury, Md. 742-8606 Towon,Md. 296 1170 Waatminatar.Mi 676-2262 Washington Office . , 1214 National Pn Bid 347-8260 Offices Abroad . Cairo paria London Boon Tokyo Moacow HonfKonf New Delhi Rates by Mail Outside Baltimore Moming Eveninf Sunday 1 month 4.80 I4.W 13-40 6nonths I28.W 2880 20 40 lyear 167.60 67.60 40 60 PAID CIRCULATION 6 MONTHS ENDED 93076 Mnmlnj 176,309 Evemm 176.003 &M.1I2 Sehloss' Sunday 360,372 Member of the Associated Press Tha Aaaoriated Pnea is entitled aiclu tivehi to tha uaa for republication of all i,t h nww. priniva to una mmpaw aa wall aa all APnawidiina tenet. Enured at tha Poet Office at Baltimore as aeoond-ckas mail mattar

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