The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 3, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, July 3, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 89 Blythevlllt Courier Blythevlll* Dally Newt Mississippi Valley Leader BlythsvLUe Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1953 TEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS The Fourth in Fishing, Swimming, Picnicking A quiet sojourn in the midst of pleasant solitude. That's the manner in which many people may want to spend their Fourth • ly the breadwinners but chances are it'll turn out more nearly like this: • especial- Trip, fishing, swimming, boating, golfing, picnicking, races. In the BIytheville territory, heavy traffic is expected to clog highways as traditional Fourth of July trips, beginning this afternoon and tonight, continue through the holiday week end. Nearby Big Lake will, as always, attract many fishermen out to pursue their favorite sport on the holiday. In town, Walker Park pool, which will open at 10 a.m., will feel the presence of the Fourth, as will the stock car races Sunday, while BIytheville Country Club golfers will continue in qualifying play preparatory to first round matches In the annual club tournament. Picnickers will also find Walker Park, recently enhanced by the addition of new and modern barbecue pits, a popular site for holiday repasts. Little Leaguers Play In Little League baseball action, always popular among spectators, the Lions Club aggrega- gation, winners of ftrst-half play in this summer's program, take on an All-star squad at 4 p.m. at Ninth Street Park. In Southeast Missouri, the story'll be a somewhat similar one. with the addition of the Tri- angle Boating Cmb's speed boat races ai their beach, four miles west of Caruthersville and three miles east of Hayti, at 2 p.m. Sunday. All government offices here, state, county and city, will be closed for the observance of the 177th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence as will most business establishments in the city. Only box service and special delivery will be available from the Post Office. And. best of all—surprise—the Courier News staff will take a holiday. AMONG CONTEST FINALISTS — When competition in the Arkansas contest to select a "Miss Universe" entry was reduced to eight in Jonesboro last night, two Missco girls remained. At right is Doris Bean,, "Miss BIytheville of 1953;" who also survived a later reduction of five finalists, and second from right is Laura Meacham, "Miss Manila of 1953." Others in the above photo are, from right, Jackie Stucker of West Helena, eventual winner in the contest, Marylin Job of Batesville, Waydene Nesbitt of Magnolia and Juanita Lankford of Dewitt. Fight Is Considered Li! On Reciprocal Trade M • By JOE HALL j WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower's requested one-year | reciprocal trade agreements law now has passed both House and Senate, but 'a light still is likely'bfcfore it reaches his desk. V -V v •• * The Senate, in passing the meas- Church Charges Beget Protests By G. MILTON KELLY WASSHINGTON (AP) — J. B. Matthews (R-Wis.), has been accused by three Democrats of launching "a shocking and unwarranted attack against the American clergy." The outcry was stirred by an article Matthews wrote in the July issue of the American Mercury magazine alleging that "The largest single group supporting' the Communist apparatus in the United States today is composed of Protestant clergymen." McCarthy, declaring he has "no remotest intention of investigating the clergy under any circumstances,' 'quickly rallied to Matthews defense yesterday. "This is hardly an attack upon the Protestant clergy," McCarthy said in a prepared statement which noted the article also declared "It hardly.needs to be said that the vast majority of American Protestant clergymen are loyal to the free institutions of this country." Matthews took over Monday a week ago as staff diret'.or of the Senate investigations subcommittee which McCarthy heads. McClellan Speaks Senators McClellan of Arkansas, Symington of Missouri and Henry Jackson of Washington, its Democrat members, petitioned McCarthy to call a special closed door meeting "to consider appropriate .action." McCarthy said the meeting probably would be held Tuesday. Sen. Mundt (R-SDK another member, said he had not heard of the article before, but commented: "It seems to justify the attention of the subcommittee to find out what ite about." There was no Immediate comment from the other Republican members. Senators Potter of Michigan and Dirksen of Illinois. Matthews has had a long career as a Red-hunter, first as etaff director of the House Un-American Activities Committee when it was headed by Rep Dies (D-Tex), and later as a consultant to various government agencies. Controversy was stirred earlier this year when Chairman Velde (R-I11) said the House Un-American Activities Committee might nearch for subversives in the church field. Velde later said he meant only that his committee might investigate individual clergymen. Loyal Protestant In his statement McCarthy said of Matthews: "I know that he is » loyal member of the Protestant Jaith and that he numbers among his host of friends the clergy of all talths." Matthews told reporters the article was written before he had any intention of Joining the subcommittee staff, and was on news stands In New York City by June 15, a week before he started on the job. He said he would not have written it—or another to be published by the same magazine in its August issue—If he had known he would KOI the job. Almost KlrrJi.'Uartrously, Pen. (D-Uo) movid to gat a wide-scale new Senate study of the "book burning" issue which has stemmed from one of'McCarthy's investigations. Hennings introduced a resolution which would place Congress on record as asking President Eisenhower to order disclosure of all the hotly debated details of the removal of books from U. S. overseas information libraries. The resolution was steered to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. McCarthy's subcommittee is winding up public hearings on his charges that Communist subversion has hurt the overseas library program. Rev. Bearden To Speak At Joint Services The Rev. R. E. L. Bearden, Jr., superintendent of the Conway District of the North Arkansas Conference of the Methodist Church, will speak at union services to be conducted here at 8 p.m. Sunday by the First Christian. First Presbyterian, First Methodist, and St. Stephen's Episcopal churches. . The |oint services, being held monthly during the summer, will be conducted at the Presbyterian Church. The Rev. Mr. Bearden, whose father is a former pastor of the First Methodist Church here, will also deliver the regular Sunday morning sermon before that con gregation. St. Louis Buses Run ST. LOUIS (&) — Streetcars and buses ran again today after union officials ordered an end to a two- day "wildcat" strike of motormen and drivers. Some transit vehicles began operations just before the rush hour last night, but service was irregular as some operators failed to show for work. , Navy Plane Down in Sea KODTAK, Alaska (#) —- A twin- engined Navy patrol seaplane with 12 men aboard went down today in the Berin Sea near Adak in the Aleutian Islands. Hours later, search planes sighted only an oil slick and floating debris. Trash Fire Behind Bakery The BIytheville Pire Department answered an alarm to the site of ti trash fire behind Meyers Bakery yesterday. Fire Chief Roy ^ead reported ,he fire spread from a concrete block trash burner tit-hind thfi bak- try but tiiat no damagi resulted. ure late yesterday, knocked out of the bill a House provision which would add a seventh member to the Tariff Commission so as to give the Republicans n four - to three edge. This provision was put in originally to persuade key.JlqBublicans on the House Ways \titi ' Means Committee to let the measure go to the floor. Several of these Republicans favor higher protective tariffs. They are not expected to look kindly on the Senate's rejection of the plan to boost the commission size. EPT Afrain The ways nnd means committee has been embroiled in the bitter House fight over exiension of the excess profits tax. This misht contribute to a dispute on the Tariff Commission issue when the reciprocal trade bill goes to a Senate- House conference to iron out differences. Top-ranking members of the committee will serve as House conferees. However, a Senate Republican leader said privately he expected the House would accept the Senate version. Sen. Taft of Ohio, the Republican leader, has said it would be impossible to get a provision for a seven-member Tariff Commission through the Senate in the face of any united Democratic opposition. Both Southern nnd Northern Democrats have been strong for the reciprocal trade program since j a it Was first put through in 1934. The Tariff Commission has an important role in the program because it advises the President on all changes in import duties. It has had six members—three Republicans and three Democrats—since it was established in 1916. Expired The reciprocal trade law expired June 12 because of House delay in acting on extension, but this did not affect the 43 pacts negotiated under it. These agreements have resulted in extensive cuts in IT. S. tariffs. However, the administration is See CONGRESS Page 10 BVD WINNER GETS PRIZE — A. J. Vickery, (right) accepts his $50 as first place winner in yesterday's BVD drawing from Pat Corrigan, a participating businessman. Standing on the platform are Patricia Arm l.-edbetter, 4, who drew the winning cards, and .Deborah, Ann McWiUiams, 4, "Little Mist Ma- nila," who entertained with songs prior to the drawing. Winners of $10 each were Mrs. H. B. Joyner and Mrs. Jewell Ramey of BIytheville and Clifford Ray Mosely of Osceola. Winners of $5 were Hattie Maloney, D. H. Hardesty and Jack Hodge of BIytheville and Donna Simmons of Dell. (Courier News Photo) Rain Threatens Fourth Here But Nobody Is Complaining It looked today as if rain might spoil the Fourth of July week end in these parts -— but nobody was complaining. Rain drew a misty veil across Mississippi County late yesterday and last night, culminating in showers in widely scattered portions after sundown. Rhee Clinging To Demands Talks Seem Stalemated But They'll Continue By SAM SUMMERLIN SEOUL (AP) — U. S. — South Korean truce talks were stalemated today as President Syngman Rhee clung stubbornly to his demand for a unified Korea and declared hs "will never abandon the struggle halfway." In an impassioned Fourth of July*— „_ plea recorded by CBS, Rhee called on the American people to back him, \ f m I * ^" * Malm Given Credit For Red Theory and promised that his people "will] keep fighting and dying" in the battle against Communism. "The Korean people will never swerve from the original objective of our common cause." he said. "We cannot afford to rest or halt until we consummate the one democratic world. Rhee's plea came after an hour- and-five-minute morning meeting with U. S. Envoy Walter S. Robertson—their seventh secret session. A high source said Robertson r jected Rhee's demand for more war if a post-armistice political conference doesn't agree within 90 days to unify Korea. After the conference Robertson •old newsmen: "Our discussions are continuing. expect to see President Rhee again," No time has been set for the next session. Even And few were sorry to note upon , east" Arkansas and Southeast Mis- arising this morning that an over-! souri: cast sky hinted at further showers today — some of which fell this morning. Best of all — there was no immediate sign of better weather, although prospects for an over-all general rain were not good at noon today. It appeared farmers would have ' to garner what cheer they could I from continued intermittent thun- I dershowers and light rains, And, with rain — real rain — coming to this area for the first time in weeks, Arkansas farm experts last night decided to demand that the federal government declare the entire state a drouth dis- area. Contracts Okayed Many Mississippi County planters could rest easily on at least one score after the Mexican Consul at Memphis said cotton growers in 21 East Arkansas counties could terminate their contracts with Mexican workers because drouth conditions have made it impossible for the growers to offer full time employment to the workers. A. Cano said the cotton crop in the 21 affected counties "was chopped within a short period." Shortly before noon today, a spot check revealed rain taking on this general pattern in North-' Caruthersvile — Rain started in mid-morning, appeared to cover area around Caruthersville, looked as if it might 1 continue. Stecle •— Light showers 15 to 20 minutes in duration this morning on heels of light showers last night. No "good" rain, but helped. Cooler — Light showers at first. Later grew heavier and area from here to state line evidently got best of what rain did fall on Fem- iscot. Armorel — A "good rain" fell jjerj this morning for about one hour, I w j n followed by misting rain. Dell — Brief showers last night followed by "good rain" at Victoria and some points this morning, but Dell was late in getting theirs .still waiting at mid-morning. Manila — Light rain lasted about one hour here, nnd sun was shining too quickly to .suit farm* ers afterward. May continue later. Luxora — A hard rain was giving Luoxra the best rain of this area at one point this morning, later lessened, but "helped a lot." Osceola — Slow rain falling in and around town at mid-morning. Farmers were hoping it would continue off and on, even if it wouldn't "come a good p un." Wilson — Rain here started lat- er than rest of county, still not going good at mid-morning, but cloudy and looking good. Seemed general. Vic Seixos Wimbledon Champion WIMBLEDON. England Wj—Vic, Selxas of Philadelphia overpowered i Denmark's Kurt Nielsen today to | the All England Men's singles tennis championship, 9-7, 6-,3 6-4. This was the sixth Wimbledon victory Tor an American player in the last seven years. The 29-year-old Sclxas, captain of the 1952 U. S. Davis Cup team, had never before won a major tennis title. He ramn close in I9.il, but lost in the American finals at Forest Hills, N. Y., to Frank Sedgnian of Australia. If Rhee and Robertson reach agreement, the U. N. must et the Communists to sign the truce. The Reds apparently were ready until Rhee freed 27,000 anti-Red Korean War prisoners about three weeks ago. Since then, they have balked stubbornly, demanding the almost- mpossible recapture of all the prisoners and. positive assurance of U. N. control over South Korea. AsK Quick Signing The U. N. answered the Red demands Monday and called for a quick signing of the preient armistice, but there has been no official Red reply, nor any indication when they would. However, unofficially, North Korea has expressed displeasure with the U. N. answer. In more than a week of "U. S.- Soulh Korean talks, Rhee has refused to temper his demand lor a guaranteed unification of North and South Korea. The U. S. has offered to work for unification by peaceful means, hut won't promise to go back to war if the political conference doesn't agree within 90 days, a high source said. Well-informed observers predicted Robertson will start his homeward flight to Washington within n few days—successful or not. The U. N. has indicated it will go ahead with an armistice despite any holdout by Rhee. (In New Delhi, close political associates said Prime Minister Nehru may urge (he U. S. to act "more decisively" unless Rhee comes into line by Monday.) Meanwhile, Robert Murphy, political adviser to U. N. Commander Gen. Mark Clark, flew back i to Tokyo after sitting in on the latest Rhee-Robertson meeting. He worked for a week with Robertson. Door Not Shut Even if Robertson leaves Without gaining Rhee's support, the U. S. has not shut the door on South Korea. Rhee may later have Ridgway Names Deputy SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, Allied Powers in Europe </P) — Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, supreme commander, announced today the appointment of U S. Gen. writing, the source noted. The U. S. Lauris Norstad as air deputy SHAPE. change of heart and certainly would be welcomed—even at the last minute—into the U. N. camp ! for an armistice. j But at the moment, an author- ( native source stressed that Rhee is holding out for nn American pledge that U. S. forces will hear arms again in Korea if the political conference fails to solve his nation's problems within 90 days. President Eisenhower cannot furnish this pledge to Rhee in he EI at | Senate would, have to ratify any See TRUCE Page 10 Rhee: Fierce Patriot with Own Type of Democracy (The following story on Republic , —"national father"—of the Bepub- of Komi President Synfrman lilice I lie of Korea (ROK). was written by Associated Press War Correspondent Forrest wards who arrived in Korea months Edwards has followed de- One hundred and T7 years ago tomorrow a handful of weakling American colonies, held together November. For more than seven by only the flimsiest of ties, proclaimed their unified independence velopmcnts in South Korea as (be } —went to war nnd won it. armistice talks resumed and lihee Today that nation—the world's intensified his opposition with hit- most powerful force for democracy ter statements, aroused riemonst i and freedom—is on the verge of lions and finally hy releasinit 27,0(10 I splitling with the slight, wrinkled, anti-Communist war prisoners, j old man who has fought all his Edward*, 37, is from North Dakota, I adult life for the unity and inde- and has worked in Associated Press j pendence of his own small country. bureaus in New Mexico, Kansas City and San Francisco.) By FORREST EDWARDS SEOUL P—When President Syng- msn Rhee was told Sir Winston Churchill, n man of his own nge, had denounced him in the British Parliament, the South Korean snorted: "That old man doesn't know the Opium War is over," hflt'a Synftman Rhee, outspoken, ^.year-old fighter and Jcook boo What Kind of Man? What kind of a man is this Syng- man Rhee, who has led his fledgling Republic of Korea to the brink of parting with America nfter three years of fighting together against a Communist aggressor? What prompts his thinking? His actions? His stubborn resistance to nn armistice that would halt three years of bloodshed? What is he like? As a lender? As a man? He Is one of the world's most stubborn men. No one, leatt of til American diplomats, dispute that. He is fiercely and honestly patriotic. Even those who oppose him the most concede that. M 0 He has been Imprisoned, tortured, exiled—but he has never wavered in his fight for an independent, unified Korea-first against the Korean monarchy, then against the Japanese conquerors, and now against the Communists. Koreans educated in American history sometimes refer to him as the George Washington of Korea, a comparison that only future writers of history will be able to evaluate. To the bulk of the Korean people, however, he is kook boo, "national father." In his 78 years he has been called many other things—a revolutionist, i radical, a reactionary, a dictator who has crushed wherever possible those who opposed him even when their motives were patriotically Inspired as his own. Own Brand of Dfrnwraf-y Hit brand ot democracy is Dot the brand Americans know. He believes in freedom of speech and freedom of the press only when it is not directed against him or his regime. Held "in protective custody," today in Seoul's ponderous, forbidding Westgate .Jail is Chough Pyong Ok, opposition party leader who dared two weeks ago u> brand as "unwise" Rhine's release of 27,000 anti-Communists prisoners of War in defiance of United Nations attempts to secure an armistice. Twice in recent weeks Rhee has warned newsmen that his government will not tolerate stories unfavorable to his regime and will punish those responsible for such stories. So far_thc veiled threats have been Ineffectual against foreign correspondents in Korea. But certainly, under different circumstances any foreign correspondent who criticised Rhee would find himself In trouble. In .the spring o.' 1952, near the end of his first term »s tho first President of the new Republic of Korea, he threw 12 national assemblymen into jail in a reign of terror that forced the antl-Rhee Assembly to give up its constitutional right of electing the president. The Assembly transferred Its "elective power to the people and Rhee won an overwhelming victory at the polls in an election thnt United Nations observers deemed fair. Father Knows Best Rhee's democracy is a democracy of stern paternalism, of the father who, although fond of his children, always knows best and who expects them to obey him without question. Those who would condemn Rhee for his brand of democracy, however, must remember many things Rhce's lifelong fight for Korean Independence, his long years of exile, the 'torture he suffered in prison as a young man for his Sot RHEK r»ft 1» Scientist Says Genetics Rule Was Dictated By ROBERT E. GEIGER WASHINGTON (AP) — The man credited with establishing the Soviet theory of genetics, ridiculed outside tha Iron Curtain as political puppetry, now says the whole idea was Joseph Stalin's Prof. T. D. Lysenko labeled his statement a "eulogy" to the deceased Russian Premier. But the statement, published today by the magazine Science, might be interpreted In the West an attempt to get off tha scientific hook. It states that Stalin dictated to Lysenko how he was to present ;he theory that acquired characteristics of a plant or animal may ! passed on to offspring. Many American and other scientists denounced Lysenko as a tool of the Communist party and ridiculed his paper when it appeared in 1948. Nevertheless, It was adopted as doctrine by the CentraJ Committee of the Ail-Russian Communist party. Teaching System Changed As a result, many leading Us*. sian scientists who didn't go along with the theory were kicked out of high teaching posts in agricultural and other colleges. Then, under Stalin's direction, the whole system of teaching biology in Russia was changed to fit the theories approved by the ppli- ticians. Lysenko was their fair- haired boy, The theory that acquired characteristics of a plant or animal may be passed on to its offspring conflicts with Mendel's explanation ' of heredity, developed during more than 80 years of work by scientists ihroughout the world. The Mendel explanation is that characteristics are determined by genes, an element of germ plasma. This theory says changes in characteristics are created through breeding and the combining of various sets of genes which Individuals may possess, False Theory Americans who criticized Lysenko <:Md the Communists were trying to teach a false theory that plants and animals can be changed by exposing them to favorable environment, and that the desirable characteristics they acquire will be psssccl on to "their " offspring. Thus, changes might be produced much faster than by the long process of seed or animal selection used in conventional breeding methods. Lysenko's "eulogy" first was published by Pravda, official organ of the Communist party. It was sent, translated, to Science magazine by Ivan D. London of Brooklyn College who said American scientists would be interested in Sec STALIN on Page 10 Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy and continued warm this afternoon, tonight and Saturday. Widely scattered rhundershou-ers. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy to- nifiht east and extreme en.st Saturday; generally fair elsewhere Saturday; scattered thundershowera east, nnd north tonight; and extreme east Saturday morning, littla warmer southwest tonight anci west and south Saturday; low. tonight 65 northeast to 70-75 southwest; high Saturday 90 northeast to 90i eteen-hsrs. Maximum yesterday—100. Minimum yesterday morning—7fi. Sunrise- tomorrow—4:52. £>\inrt, today—7:1, Mean tempera turn (midway betwooa hlsh nnd low— St. Prcclp. lim 24 hours (8:30 p.iu, M 6:30 p.m.)—.30. Frcclp. Jan. 1 to dfilo—31.00. Tliis IHtr Last Year Minimum this morning—79. Mnxlmnm yrstrrdny—97. *n. I to <

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