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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI XLIX—NO. 88 filythevilla Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JULY 2, 1953 TEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENT3 Boost in AF Funds Be Attempted Today Democrats Will Ask Roll Call Vote WASHINGTON (AP) — House Republican leaders leaned heavily today on a direct appeal by President Eisenhower to beat back a Democratic attempt to boost the Air Force budget. And Democrats counted confidently on a public roll call vote to counterbalance the Eisenhower appeal. The showdown is due late today when the House votes finally on a bill to appropriate $34,434,140,500 in new funds for the Army, the Navy and the Air Force for the fiscal year which started yesterday. The big issue is w hether the House should add $1,175,000.000 to the $11,048.000,000 recommended by the appropriations committee for the Air Force. Said Minimum The extra money, provided in a series of amendments drafted by Rep. Mahon (D-Tex), is the amount Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, retired Air Force chief of staff, has said is the minimum needed to attain a goal of 143 Air Force wings by 1957. The committee and most House Republicans are supporting the Eisenhower-backed 120-wing Air Force. There are 30 to 75 planes in a wing. The committee cut 240 million dollars from the revised Eisenhower Air Force budget. The bill carries S5.030,000.000 less than was asked in the budget submitted last January by former President Truman. Gets Endorsement Eisenhower reiterated his personal endorsement of the Air Force budget in a letter yesterday to Rep. Sorivner <R-Kan), chairman o£ the appropriations subcommittee that wrote the bill. The President referred to " Se« DEMO'CRATS on'' Page Tax Income, Deficit Climbing Together By FRANK O'BRIEN WASHINGTON (AP) — The government collected more taxes in the last 12 months than in any other year in j the nation's history, but still ran up a deficit of $9,389,000,'000. " ' " * And it is going to start off the new fiscal year, which began yesterday, by borrowing 5'/2 to C billion dollars—the biggest new borrowing since the war. Sen. Byrd (D-Va), noting these figures, said in an interview today he doubts the Eisenhower administration will be able to make good on tax reduction promises next year without budget cuts deeper than now planned. Unless there are economies not now in sight, Byrd said, he fears this fiscal year's red ink entry will be nearly as large as last year's. "I just don't see how there can be any new tax reductions in the face of these tremendous deficits," the Virginia senator said. "The loss in revenue from the reductions automatically scheduled to take Detroit Said on Blacklist Poor Labor Is Cited by Pentagon DETROIT (AP) — The Detroit News said today that word has gone around the area for future defense con- Pentagon to shun the Detroit arer for future defense contracts because of "labor union abuses." The story, written by Will Muller of the News' Washington bureau, quotd an unidentified Air Force officer as saying the recent cancellation of a multi-million dollar plane contract with Kaiser Motors was due to "an indifferent labor force." Workers Bumped "the 10 AF Officers Inspect Base Five-Man TAG Group Check Installation "Five Eighteenth Air Force officers yesterday paid an inspection visit to the Blytheville Ait-base in another of a series of pre-activation checks being conducted by the Air Force. Col. R. W. Gray headed the delegation from the Eighteenth's Greenville, S. C., base of operations. The group conferred briefly with city officials on fire and police protection at the air base, and on the j Strategic-Tactics! puzzle on the base's eventual nature. Officers making the inspection were with the Tactical Air Command, which will handle re-activation construction, but said they did not know Washington's plans for the base's use. Last official word received here from Washington indicated that the base would be used by the Strategic Air Command. Osro Cobb, state Republican Muller said Air Force investigators, who surveyed conditions in Detroit area plants, reported experienced aircraft workers were being bumped off their . jobs by j auto workers, who lack experience 'in plale building but who have more seniority in the CIO United Auto Workers. There was no immediate comment from UAW or Kaiser officials. MullDr, referring to efiorts to have plane production resumed at the big Willow Run plant—with either Kaiser Motors or some other firm handling the contracts—said; "Lagging: Labor" "The story at the Pentagon now ip that if the C-123 ever is built it will be at a .smaller plant in a trouble-free labor area. The remainder nf the C-119 contract probably will be finished out at the plant of the major producer, Fairchild in Hagerstown, Md." The News said that Air Force Secretary Harold Talbott visited Willow Run two weeks ago, before the cancellation of the Kaiser contract, and that he found then that there was "a lagging labor force." Stockmen File Suit LITTLE BOCK CAP) — A suit seeking to halt a public vote on a 1953 legislative act reducing the wholesale markup on liquor was filed in the Arkansas Supreme Court today by a group of stockmen. The plaintiffs charged that petitions to refer the act to the public! at the November, 1954, general e" place on Jan. 1 apparently is not going to be offset by reductions in spending." Personal income taxes are due to drop 10 per cent on Jan. 1. And the excess profits tax, which the administration wants extended, would expire then if Congress grants Eisenhower's request. Treasury Report Announcing details of government finances in the fiscal year which ended Tuesday, Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey said today that: 1. The government spent $74,607,420,232,16 from July 1, 1952, through June 30, 1953, compared with 866,145,240.957.62 in the previous 12 months. This was only 14 million dollars more—a minute difference in government accounting—than former President Truman had estimated in Januarj'. 2. The government's net income In fiscal 1953 was 565,218,336,562.73, some three billion dollars more than the previous record year in fiscal 1952, when net income was $62,128,606.579.52 but nearly 3'/ 2 billion dollars less than the $68,697,000.000 Truman estimated. 3. This meant a fiscal 1953 deficit of 59,389,083.069.43. more than double the $4,016.640,378.10 the government went in the red in the previous fiscal year and.nearly 3' 2 billion dollars more than the $5,896,000,000 deficit Truman estimated. Debt Rises 4. The public debt rose from $259.105,178,785.53 to $266,071,061,638.57. 5. The government's cash balance—the ready cash it keeps in banks around the country as a working fund to meet daily bills- sank during the year from $6.968,827,604.31 to $4,610,248,248.06. Only the fact the administration lowered the balance by 82.299,000,000 to pay bills instead of borrowing kept the debt from increasing that much more than it did. tUCK IS His SPECIALTY — T-Sgt. Edward J. Matus smiles happily as he relaxes in his Walls Hospital bed last night following treatment for shock and injuries received shortly after noon yesterday at Municipal Airport when a bolt of lightning struck a C-47 on -which he was locking controls, jumped a gap of several feet, and struck him as he stood on the concrete runway. (Courier News Photo) Sergeant Matus, flight engineer on the plane which yesterday brought officers of the 18th Air Force to Blytheville for a check on reactivation plans for the base here, only recently was dismissed from a service hospital after several months treatment and rest for injuries received in a C-47 crash in which he was the sole survivor. The accident here occurred as Sergeant Matus was standing at the tail of his C-47, putting control locks on the elevator to secure the plane while a brief storm was forming. "And when I saw it coming," he told the Courier News. "The bolt struck the plane's antenna and crackled. I jumped back from the tail and was not touching the plane while the bolt See AIRMAN on Page 10 Van Buren Bandits Captured by Posse One Man Is Still Missing After $19,000 Bank Robbery -PAYETTEVILLE, Ark. (AP) — A 20-year-old Kansan with moi'e than 819,000 on his person was captured by a posse searching for two bank robbers near here early this morning. The officers, looking fti"y*he t'ltf' armed bandits who held up a bank at Van Buren, Ark., yesterday, arrested Charles Daugherty of Wichita in a raid on ah Ozarfc Mountain farm house near West Fork. Henry McKeehan, owner of the j house, also was arrested. Both of the men were taken to Van Buren^ where they are being ncld without charge. Used Blood-hounds Sheriff Bruce Crider said a third man — identified as Henry McKeehan's son, Harold — fled when the posse closed in on the house. Officers, aided by bloodhounds from the state prison farm, pressed a search of the rugged countryside near Devil's Den State Park for the 23-year-old Harold, believed armed with a shotgun. Crider said, however, that McKeehan was believed to be clad only in a pair of blue jeans, and traveling barefooted. Crider credited a tip. from a witness to the robbery with leading police to the remote farm 'Wot*. «$$m .'3&e".bank' and disappeared'" A Vfln Buren high school girl, Suzannfl Sagely, seeing the commotion, quickly copied the plate num- t»ers and turned them over to police. Fape said. Efforts to Get Rhee OK On Truce Again Halted By SAM SUMERLIN SEOUL (AP) — President Syngman Rhee's price for an armistice — U. S. assurance of a unified Korea — temporarily stalled the U. S.-South Korea "little truce talks" today. * Neither Rhee nor President Eisenhower's envoy, Walter S. Robertson. would comment after their ? lxtn secre . t meeting this morning, Aid Due For New Reduction By JOE HALL WASHINGTON (AP) — The $5,318,000,000 foreign aid bill has emerged triumphant over budget cutters in its first Senate floor test, but Republican leaders practically invited some slashing on the second round. With Democrats providing the <f>———> > > bulk of the votes on the key test, the Senate leadership turned back all reductions before the body passed the authorization measure late yesterday. However, Senate Eepublican Leader Taft of Ohio and other top Republicans assured their colleagues they were perfectly free to vote to cut later when the foreign aid money bill comes up. The authorization bill merely fixes the ceiling for sums that can be apprppriated for the program in the fiscal year which began yesterday. However, the initial Senate action represented something of a victory for the Eisenhower administration. House Cuts Tnta! Change Made iqhfSfation Since spending during the year j house. He said the witness spotted came out within an eyelash of! the license number of a car parked estimates, it was the drop of re- j ncar l «e scene of the holdup, ceipts below calculations which boosted the deficit to its highest point since World War II. The license number was traced to McKeehan's mother. Unmasked gunmen staged a day- A Treasury spokesman said last I i'Rht robbery of the Van Buren year's steel strike, cutting into ! Citizens Bank and Trust Co., after corporation profits, was a factor, j pistol-whipping the bank's presi- chairman, told the Courier News j tion are invalid and asked that after a recent Pentagon visit that secretary of State C. O. Hall be the base would fall under control prohibited from certifying the peti- of the TAG. tions to the State Election Board. lelc . i Others, he said, were a substan-j dent and threatening employes. ial fall in personal income tax payments under predictions, and speeded-up return of tax overpayments. Mrs. Davis New X-Ray Chairman Mrs. Harrell C. Davis, 628 West Ash, has been appointed general j the chairman of the BlytheviLie chc.st X-ray clinic to be conducted here in August, according to Mrs. Frances Gammill, executive secretary of Mississippi County's Tuberculosis Association. Mrs. Davis will be responsioie for securing 35 volunteer registrars for, the seven-day clinic to be held Aug. i kh » kl clothing and one wearing « 10_18 long-visored baseball cap. entered The mobile X-ray unit will be lo-! lhe tar* about 20 minutes before One Man 2-18 Pickup at,st Add . The insurance-covered loss was fixed at $19,750.13 by Cashier Prank E. Pape. First, Federal Bureau of Investigation, police and bystander reports indicated that four men had participated in the robbery—two .standing guard at the entrance and two performing the holdup. However, Pape said last night that is now believed that only the two men who entered the bank were involved. Police and FBI officers refused to confirm or deny report. Condition Good Crawford County Hospital attendants described as "good" the condition of Bank President David T. Bryan, 72, beaten about the head when he refused to open the bank vault. Pape said the two men, clad in cated at Railroad and Walnut Streets on Courthouse Suare for the holdup. One asked Bryan about an automobile loan and the second asked W. R. Summervifle Is Named New Chief Inspector A new staff took over operation of the Arkansas Weight Station at the state-line north of Blytheville yesterday as the law passed by the 1953 General Assembly, transferring the Weights and Standards Division from the Arkansas Revenue Department to the State Police went into effect. W. R. Summerville, malarial control officer here for the past two years, is the new inspector in charge of the weight station, replacing Milton Yarbro of Blytheville. who had served nine years at the station, the past four as director. Others appointed to the four The President had submitted a $5,474,000,000 bill to Congress as a rock bottom figure. The measure passed by the Senate was only 156 million under this request. The house voted 320 millions less than the Senate, or $4,998,000,000. The differences now will be compromised in a conference between representatives of the two chambers. The administration itself had knocked more than two billions o/f the $7,600.000,00 program proposed for the year by former President Truman. The money carried in the bill will provide military and economic assistance for the free world nations.., . The proportion of aid. to Asiltic nations 'is doubled in comparison with last year. But the measure also puts emphasis on a buildup of North Atlantic Treaty Organization air strength in Western Europe. NATO commanders have described air power as the weakest link in the forces being assembled to resist possible Communist attacks. • Measure Rejected A proposed amendment — designed to prod Prance into moving faster toward independence for the Indochine.se states of Viet Nam, Cambodia and Laos — was rejected by a 84—17 rollcall vote. Three successive amendments were offered by Sen.Russell Long i'D—La) to cut the authorization bill as the three-day debate neared its close yesterday. The first two—for a 1 14 billion cut—lost by identical 48-34 votes. But the last, for a 320 million reduction to' take the total down to narrowly, beaten, 42-38. On that one, 24 Democrats, 17 Republicans and one independent joined to defeat it. Voting for it were 22 Republicans and 16 Democrats. Before this final test, Sen.Fer- guson (R-Mich) said, "No one should feel that because he votes for this bill he votes for the full amounts in it." Taft and Sen. Knowland (R- Calif), acting Senate leader while Taft nurses a hip ailment, joined i In stressing that the appropriations of Jonesboro, D. M. Duncan of Jonesboro and W. W. Watson of Blytheville. They replaced K. W. Chapman, T. L. Carnes. and L. M. Maxwell. The only major change In regulations in effect under the new law is the requirement that all gasoline brought into the state In trucks, regardless of the amount, be taxed by weight station officials at the rate of six and one- half cents per gallon, Mr. Summerville said. New supervisor of the Northeast Arkansas District of the Weights and Standards Division is Bob Smith of Pocahontas, 107 Fired In State Shakeup Cleanup Of Department Goes Ahead By HARRY SNYDER WASHINGTON (AP) — A House committee learned today that 107 State Department employes have been fired this year as a result of investigations concerning homo-sexuality or questionable security. The Information came from R.W. Scott McLeod, State Department security officer, in a letter to the House Government Operations Committee. It was made public by Rep. Brownson (R-Ind), who sought the report recently. McLeod also said— in reply to a direct inquiry— that the department does not have any records identifying the 57 persons who were referred to by Sen. McCarthy (B- Wis) as Communists in a February, 1950. speech. McLeod. said he realized his answer "is not completely responsive." But the fact was, he said, a search of all files has "failed to disclose such a list." No Identification "T might point out that Sen. McCarthy did not identify the individuals except by number in his speech," McLeod added. McLeod told the committee he was "reluctant" to come up with "ft categorical answer" to the question: "Are there any Communists now employed in the State Deportment?" "I must always presume," he wrote, "thnt the Soviets are attempting to penetrate an agency as sensitive as the State Department. and ... I may never conclude that their efforts have been unsuccessful. "I believe that It goes without saying that no Communists, known to the security officer as such, are on the rolls of the department at this time." Of 107 dismissals this year, 7-1 followed investigations of homosexuality, McLeod said, and involved some security question. He gave this breakdown: Dismissals for homosexuality— but a reliable source said the talks Robertson to Go Home, Agreement or Not SEOUL yp) — President Eisenhower's truce envoy will leave for home within two da.vs whether or not he Is successful In his efforts to win South Korea over to a truce, informed sources said today. 54 in 1950, 119 in 1351 and 134 in man staff were_Robert_F. Cooper] bill lo co , ne ajong , nter WQu , d actually determine the sums to he I 1352; dismissals for security rea- spent - sons—12 in 1950, 35 in 1351 and The administration was unable I TO in 1952. to defeat some amendments that Missco Girls After Crown MAP X-RAY PLANS — Shown above mapping plans for the seven- d«y chest X-ray clinic to be conducted here Aug. 10-18, are (left) Mrs. Frances aammill, executive secretary of the Misslssppl County Tuberculosis Association, and Mrs. Harrell C. Davis, newly appointed rf tfcU yew'i X-ray clinic. (C«ur!« N«*i Photo) recruited by Mrs. Davis from churches, civic organizations and sororities in Blytheville. The X-ray program here IK sponsored by the Mississippi County Tuberculosis Association, Arkansas State Health Department. Mississippi County Health Department nnri Mississippi County Medical M- •ocUUoo. the teller's cages. Refused Bryan emerged from a back room and refused to open the vault when given the order by the' bandits. He reached for a telephone, Instead, and was struck across the heart with a pistol. The robbers fled the building, jumped Into 4 oar parked about a j cool*. this afternoon and th<> finals of the Arkansas contest tonight, where they will compete, with approximately 15 other contestants, were Miss Dorl« Bean, "Miss Bls'thevllle of 1953," Miss Ann Hlnclman, runner-up to Miss Bean, Miss Laura Meachom, "Miss Manila of 1953," Miss Julia Cruse, "Miss J.eachvllle of 1853," Miss Dorothy Wilson and Mis» Jean Welborn, 'boiti of Os- it opposed. Deadlines 1955 One of these would fix July 1, 1965, for the closing down of the Mutual Security Administration and its power to contract for aid items. But an additional year would be given for the winding up of all spending on economic aid and two years on military items. Mutual Security Director Harold E. Stassen had asked an extension of the agency to 1958 and its spending authority to 1961. Under present law, it would die July 1, 1954. The spending deadline is a year later. Another change fought by the administration but accepted by the Senate wuild permit the Senate Appropriations Committee to earmark some ol the military aid money to buy surplus American farm commodities for distribution abroad. Local currencies would be received for the commodities and theoretically used to buy military equipment abroad. But administration spokesmen argued this would throw the program out of line. They said countries able It put up local funds for the commodities could not make military Items needed by NATO. Nevertheless, the amendment tiad strong backing of farm state senators worried about big surpluses of cotton, wheat and other product*. _____ I Two Youths Jailed Here House-Breaking Charge Investigated Two teen-age youths were being held in County Jail here today on Investigation of burglary charges the sheriff's office announced. The boys were being held in connection with a break-in at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Arlie Bryans. 601 Franklin Street, who are on va- ca'ion In California. Two lamps and a television set: were taken from the house some [ time during the past few tiay.s, the j sheriff's office reported. It was not; known whether anything else Is I missing. j Officers arrested the youths today after neighbors, who were keep- Ing an eye on the house for the Bryans notified them that the back door was open. Investigation revealed thnt the house had been entered through a window and the furnishings carried out the back door. The television set and lamps were recovered the sheriff's office reported. No charges had been died this morning. are stalled while both sides consider their stands. No time was set for the next meeting. Rhee apparently is demanding unification or more war, and the U. S. is holding out for unification by negotiation Wants War The aging South Korean leader maintains that it will take arms, not words, to unify Korea. South Korea's foreign minister, Pyun Yung Tai, decared his country has no faith in political conferences and will agree to take part in talks aimed at peaceful unification only if a time limit i« imposed. Pyun said Rhee "does not reject" Eisenhower's pledge that tha U. S. will work to unify North and South Korea in talks with the Co- munists. But Pyn stressed, Rhee wants to limit the time these talks can drag on. Rhee often has called tor a 90-day deadline with the war to resume if there is no solution. Pyun said in an interview "ws would welcome" peaceful unification, but added, "From our past experience we know no such unification can be achieved. That l» our conviction." ExpreaKi Hop* However, Pyun expressed hope the Rhee-Robertson talks may yet succeed. "We are still groping for common ground," he said. "There ll 3 need to be pessimistic." Meanwhile, Washington officials predicted a climax in the truca crisis wlthia hours, with a clear answer whether Rhee will accept the armistice terms agreed upon by the Allies and Reds or flaunt them and try to fight on alone. There were strong indications Ihe D. S. would go ahead with a truce even if Rhee doesn't agree, and a well-informed source said tie believes the Reds would accept on that basis. The Rhee-Robertson talks apar- ently have lasted longer than was anticipated and a solution is not yet in sight. A competent source revealed Wednesday that President Rhee last Saturday had told Robertson all his demands had been met by President Eisenhower. But the next day, Rhee produced new demands which Robertson quickly turned down. The source said one of these demands was a 90-day j limit on a posMruce political con- Iference. I Faced with Robertson's rejection Rhee said he would write "in his own hand" another version of his I stand. This was relayed to Robertson Wednesday night. Robertson undoubtedly discussed the message when he went to the presidential mansion for the latest meeting, which lastd an hour and 45 minuts. Nothing to Say Th envoy waved to newsmen waiting to see him outside the mansion gates. But his sedan did not stop and Robertson yelled that he had nothing to say. After most of his conversations with Rhee, Robertson has stopped and chatted briefly with reporters. In Washington, President Eisenhower told a press conference he believes a satisfactory truce eoiu- Iion is in the making, but he did not give a date. And Sen. Knowland <R-Calif) said on a radio panel discussion solution would be to unite See TKL'CE on Page 10 that Weather ARKANSAS — Generally fair thU afternoon, tonight and Friday; not much change in lemperaties. .MISSOURI — Partly cloudy to- nipht and Friday with scattered thumlershowers ea.st and south tonight and southeast Friday; cooler tonight and south and east central Friday; low tonight 65-70 nortn, 7075 south; high Friday 85-90 north, 90s extreme south. Maximum yesterday—39. Minimum yestprday.,mornlng—78. Sunrise tomorrow—*i:51. Sunset today—7:17. Mean temperature (midway between hlsh and low—83.5, Normal maun for Jims—77.5. Preclp. last U hours (6.30 p.m. to 6:30 p.m.)—.38. Preclp. Jan, 1 to date—30.70. This I).Hc Last Year Minimum tuts morning—77. M.ixlimim yesterday—103. Fred?. Jan. 1 to d»t»—tt.tf.