BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS Mississippi Valley Lwd.er BlythevtU« Herald TM DOMHAMT MIWITAR* OT ASKAKiXi AM) KOTBXA3T MISSOURI «r TOt, XLLX—NO. 87 BlyUieville Daily Hem BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Truce, Unrest Cited by Ike Sees New Troubles Behind Iron Curtain By ED CREAGH WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower said today unrest seems to be spreading like wildfire behind the Iron Curtain. This demonstrates that people who have known freedom are willing to sacrifice life itself to regain it, the President told a news conference. I 1 He ruled out, however, any active support by the United States for revolts in the satellite countries. Eisenhower also said he believes with very deep conviction that a satisfactory conclusion of the Ko• |"k rean War will be worked out. n PIYIW I III A He llL ' scnbed the present nego- i\l HIV ^UC tiations with South Korean Presi- I dent Syngman Rhee as a confused situation but said Americans should not be too discouraged. Eisenhower added quickly that these differences with Khee an very real. On other matters the President: 1. Said he believes Secretary o State Dulles can get out a clear directive making it plain wha' Red German Due For Slashes Was Useless In Recent Uprisings By DAN DE LUCE BERLIN (AP) — Communist East Germany today was reported slashing in half its 125,000-man army which so signally failed to put down the recent workers' revolt. The move appeared designed to free men and .money for the Reds' announced new program to placate the East Germans-with more consumer goods. Reporting this, the Socialist-edited West Berlin newspaper Tele- graf said over 60,000 of the Soviet- trained soldiers would be sent back to industrial jobs by July 15. The East zone army failed dis- .mally when it was sent into action against the June 17 revolt. After Russian armored forces intervened to put down the rebellion, German soldiers were put on police duty under Soviet command. The force reportedly slated to be cut in half is the Kasernierte Volks- polizei (KVP), an organization separate from the 100,000-man Volks- polizei or people's police. The KVP is completely militarized and has undergone infantry training since 1949. Reduced Armament A vast reduction in armament expenditures had been ordered by East Zone Premier Otto Grotewohl's regime on the eve of the uprising. The cutback apparently •will be carried out now despite the anti - Communist discontent still seething in East Germany. The Telegraf said miners, skilled craftsmen and trained apprentices will be the first troops to shed the Russian-style olive green uniforms. The government, in its new "butter instead of guns' policy, counts on taking the equivalent of 500 million dollars a year from rearmament funds and investing it in workers' housing and consumer industries. Several German soldiers have been executed and scores sentenced to long prison terms by Soviet military courts for disobedience during the revolt. A total of 467 troops and Red peoples' police deserted to West Berlin in June—an all-time record. East Germany's military chief of staff, Lt. Gen. vincenz Mueller, submitted a report to Soviet headquarters in East Rerlin admitting the "unreliability" of his combat units. Still Headache But East Germany still was a big headache to the Communists today, amid reports of other workers' outbreaks in Poland and Czechoslovakia. The Russians eased—but did not lift—martial law in East Berlin, and continued turning back provincial cities to civilian administration. Orotewohl's jittery Cabinet was not yet strong enough, however, to exercise national authority. In its efforts to appease millions of enemies, the government: 1. Released 15 Protestant clergymen from jail and took the sentences of 15 others under review, with prospects they soon will regain freedom. 2. Promised an overhaul of the judicial system to establish "democratic" legal rights of citizens. 3. Began a drastic shakeup in the state chain store system to get more goods on sale at lower prices. , 4. Spurred food deliveries to restive towns where supplies o! margarine, vegetables and other stap- • les have been exhausted. 5. Continued to stump factory and .labor meetings, confessing past oppression of the workers and claiming the government's "new books should be stocked in the overseas information libraries maintained by the State Department. Dulles, course" ards. would raise living stand- he said, has called his attention to the law allowing these libraries to be set up and this law makes it plain the books in the libraries should be about American life and the American system of government. Wouldn't Bum Whodunits The President said he is per- : ectly clear In his own mind about the question of "purging." as a reporter put it, books from overseas libraries. As for the removal from some libraries of detective stories by Dashiell Hammett, a writer long identified with leftist causes, Eisenhower said he thinks some one got frightened. He added he himself wouldn't countenance the removal of Hammett's detective stories. The President said he did not recall saying at a recent news con- :erence that the State Department can do anything it pleases about disposing of books which advocate the overthrow of the U. S. government by force. 2. Described the central purpose the forthcoming Anglo-American-French foreign minister con- erence here as to increase understanding among the three powers variety of subjects including Korea, the Middle East, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Indo- China and world trade. He said he hopes the talks will be more or less Informal as the postponed Bermuda conference mong himself. Prime Minister Churchill and the French premier was scheduled to be. 3. Said he believes the Republi- :an party is gradually showing it an take over the responsibilities t inherited and can carry them mt. This comment was touched off iy a question as to whether he is atisfied with the treatment given iis program in Congress by the epublican majority. Progressive Program Plainly taken aback, the Presi- ent said he didn't think that was nuch of a question, adding it Is oo general to be answered. But went on to make his remarks bout the party's showing it can ake over its responsibilities. It is not as important that Con- ress should carry out all of his ecommendations, the President aid, as that it should bring before he people a progressive program f needed legislation. Eisenhower volunteered his com- lents on the disturbances behind the Iron Curtain at the beginning of this first meeting with newsmen in two weeks. He called attention to speeches by West German Chancellor Adenauer to the effect that the rum blings of discontent in the satellite nations disprove Red claims of a "workers paradise"" and demonstrate the repressions of tyranny that have been put on the people. The revolts seem to spread like wildfire with no advance planning, Eisenhower said. These incidents, he continued, re- enforce the idea that when a people have known freedom they rate it as of top importance and feel that life Itself is worth spending to regain freedom. The sternly repressed uprisings, Eisenhower said, must excite our pity as well as our admiration. A PAINFUL BUSINESS — Two-year-old Antonia Gurule of Rocky Ford, Colo., doesn't seem a bit happy to have her photograph taken while paying with her toys at Children' hospital at Denver, Colo. The child is recovering from an operation to correct natures error. Antonia was born with her internal organs outside her body. (AP Wlrephoto) Crop Surplus Use For Aid Attacked Russell Scores Plan Mapped For Fighting World Starvation By EDWIN B. HAAK1NSON WASHINGTON (AP) — Cries of "blank check" and "giveaway" foreshadowed rough going today for President Eisenhower's request for blanket authority to use government-owned farm surpluses to ' Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) sought gress yesterday, and termed it "a Want Controls On Rice Lifted WASHINGTON W)—Rice industry spokesmen are pressing for the grain to be relieved of export controls. The Commerce Department's Rice Industrial Advisory Committee made strong decontrol pleas yesterday to officials of that Department's Agricultural Products Division, which licenses rice exports, and to the Agriculture Department, which wts the allocations to foreign uscn. to attach the proposal in modified form to the Senate foreign aid authorization bill last night and was beaten down, 53-12, after Sen. Bussell <r>Ga)' -shouted,: '-• -.1 V "Her* we ar» "-•'. ,g ir. Ms bu&» : ness administration the Brannan Plan on an international scale." Sen. Knowland of California, the acting Republican leader, replied hat Eisenhower specified the farm commodities were to be used to meet "famine or other urgent relief requirements" in friendly na- .ions. Taking issue with Democrats who said the President was asking blank check authority to give away some, three billion dollars worth of government-held farm tocks, Knowland said Eisenhowei expected Congress to provide "ap- iropriate limitations." Hits at Authority But Russell insisted the Presl- lent's proposal was comparable, in an international scale, to the Jan advanced by former Secre- ary of Agriculture Charles F. Jrannan for dealing with surplus arm supplies. Congress spurned he Brannan Plan. Russell said Eisenhower was ask- ng for "absolute" authority to dis- Jose of the government-held sur- iluses at whatever price or in whatever way he wanted,.with the taxpayers committed to footing the bill. Sen. Gore (D-Tenn) attacked Humphrey's amendment as "the most monstrous giveaway" in the government's history. Gore said he didn't think former Vice President Henry Wallace "ever had as wild a dream." Chairman Aiken (R-vtl ol the Senate Agriculture Committee, who offered a separate bill to carry out the Eisenhower proposal opposed it as a rider to the ioreign aid bill, saying it needed full study. "Glad to See It" And he said of the plan in an interview: 'It's more or less like the Roosevelt and Truman programs. I'm glad to see the Democrats concerned after 15 years of similar programs." Aiken promised early hearings by the Senate agriculture group. Chairman Hope (R-Kan» of the House Agriculture Committee also introduced a bill to carry out the presidential request, sent to Con- very good approach to the matter. Hope said an effort would be made to pass the bill before scheduled adjournment of Congress by .W'~?4,, and he thought f</» .-access 5 ere good, despite position he foresaw. "There's no way to reconcile the fact that there are hungry people in the world, and at the same time we have surplusses of farm products," he said. "This plan brings the two together, for the benefit of all." Soda Pop Still Costs 5 Cents But Price Due To Rise Elsewhere While bottlers in some Arkansas towns yesterday were reporting increases in soft drink prices—probably with the end result of a six- cent retail price in affected areas— Blytheville bottlers appeared ready to hold the price line, with none contemplating time. price rises at this Polk, Montgomery, Pike Counties. The price increase first came to light in Hot Springs when a large bottler there announced the increase would go into immediate effect in Howard, Sevier, Hempstead, LaFayette and Earlier increases had affected Columbia, Ouachlta. Calhoun, Bradley, Dallas and Union Counties. The increase hit Ft. Smith, also, but other major Arkansas cities: Little Hock. Blytheville .Texarkana, Hot Springs and Pine Blufn were reported sticking with the traditional nickel drink. (See related story on Page 11.) Reds Reverse Attack SEOUL (/F)— A sudden onslaught by up to 2,000 Chinese Reds today overran 1,600-foot Lookout Mountain, throwing Into reverse a South Korean drive on the blazing East- Central Front. At the point of a bayonet, the South Koreans had driven the Chinese from Lookout in vicious night time fighting and were mopping up pockets of Reds when the counterattack came at daybreak. U.S. Said Ready for Showdown In Dealings with Korea's Rhee No Cuts Are Seen In Foreign Aid By JOE HALL WASHINGTON (AP) — Republican leaders kept the Senate working on a stepped-up schedule today in hopes of winning final approval of a $5,318,000,000 foreign aid program without a single cut voted on the floor. In two days of debate so far, not-fr ___ __ a single reduction in the total has even been proposed, something that has not happened in recent years in consideration of such measures. However, several senators have said they expect to try to slash heavily into the program when the actual money is up for debate later. The pending measure merely sets a ceiling in the new fiscal year which starts today. Burn Oil The House has passed a $4, 000.000 authorization bill. The Senate worked on the foreig id measure until midnight las night. Acting Majority Leade Knowland (H-Calif) said he woul DUsh for quick passage althoug 'our or five amendments remains .o be debated. One, by Sen. McClellan (D-Ark) would permit the Mutual Securit- Administration to take some of th unds intended for military equip ment purchases in. this countr and use them instead for buying surplus D. s. farm commoditie be delivered to foreign coun .ries. The recipients would pay fo hese goods in local currencies which would be sed to buy mill '.ary equipment abroad. The Senate got around to voting pn amendments last night afte wo days of speeches on the bill The Senate vote to give Presi dent Eisenhower considerable lee way in parceling out the fund: authorized, but it balked at author zing him to give away the huge of surplus farm commodities inquired by the government under «• price support program. Reject rian The Senate also rejected, 12-28 an amendment by Sen. Dirksen (R-I11) to permit the President to make available out of funds ear marked for the Far East up to 25 million dollars worth of the gove; ment-held farm surpluses. The Senate approved by voice vote an amendment, offered by Chairman Wiley (R-Wis) of the foreign relations committee, to authorize the President to shift around up to 15 per cent of many of the major items in the bill. As presented originally, the measure provided for only a 10 per cent transfer authority, but Wiley said that changing world conditions made it desirable to give Eisenhower greater flexibility. In another move to give the President greater discretion, the Senate voted to let him withhold one billion dollars from North Atlantic Treaty nations unless the proposed six-nation European De fense Community Is brought into being. The Senate rejected by a stand- ngr vote an amendment by Dirksen to require that half of the $2,179,000,000 in military aid to Europe provided in the bill be in the form of loans rather than grants. Work Stops At Osceola Plant OSCEOLA I/PI — Construction stopped on the Crompton-Shenandoah 1 textile plant here yesterday. The only statement came from Mayor Ben F. Butler, who said about 40 construction workers didn't show up because cf a dispute over a closed shop. There was no comment from workers or from the contractors, Ditmar, Dickmann. and Pickens Construction Company of Little Rock. City officials , and the Osceola Chamber of Commerce scheduled a meeting for today to see what could be done about the situation. Farm Leaders Heard on Acreage Inside Today's Courier News . .. New twists in PGA irk stay- at-home pros . , . Phillies only first division team to gain during; June . . . Sports Pages 6 and 7. . . . Britain s lands read} 1 .to lose a powerful leader . . . James Marlow . . . Page 11. . . . Guy Driver likes cooking, yachting . . . Osceola news . . . Page 2. . . . Things are really tough In Hollywood: Betty Grable turned loose by 20th Century , . . Page 10. . . . Television schedules . . . Page 15. Free Rabies Shots Ended Charge to Be Made in Arkansas For Serum Now The County Health Unit here, as well [is those throughout the state, will be prohibited from giving rabies inoculation serum without charge beginning today, Mrs. Annabel Pill, County Health Nurse, announced yesterday. A memorandum received by her office yesterday announced that the stati Board of Health will no longer provide rabies vaccine without cost. The directive stated in part: "Due to drastic reduction in funds for public health services in the state, it will no longer be possible for this department to furnish without, cost rabies vaccine to local health departments, physicians or individuals." 55 Treatment Cost of the vaccine for a series of 14 shots, a complete treatment is $5, Mrs. Fill said. This announcement came on the :iecls of reports of three more dog 3it.es in Blytheville this week, bring- the total for the year in North Mississippi County to 43. Mrs. Fill announced that begin- !ng the Fourth of July holiday Saturday, the local health unit will •emain clo.sed on Saturdays for an ndefinite period. Weekday office hours, which have >een from B a.m. to 4 p.m., will be extended to 5 p.m., she announced. Allies Plan to Sign Armistice with Reds By The Associated Press SEOUL (AP) — President Eisenhower's truce emissary postponed his sixth meeting with President Syngman Rhee today amid predictions that a showdown is coming soon on Rhee's stubborn refusal to accept a Korean armistice. ' * An authoritative source said the U. S, has made concessions in an effort to win Rhee over to a truce, but the defiant old statesman injected new demands after clearing "all my demands have been met." ages they could not battlefield. BFSL Pays Out $17,500 Dividend Approximately $17.500 has been laid out in distribution of the eleventh consecutive dividend at it rate 'f 3 percent of the Blytheville Fedral Savings and Loan Association, t was announced today by W. J. J ollard, secretary. Dividends have been paid twice 'early by the association since its rganizfition here in 1947, Mr Polard said. Savings account and in- estment share holders receive the ividend. Total assets of the association lave climbed to $1,436,732 from an rlginal mark of $75,100. First mort age loans account for almost 91 er cent of the total assets, accord- ng to Mr. Pollard. Other officers of the association re Eosco Crafton, president; R C , vice president; James Terry ice president, and directors; Dr E. Bcasley, W. ! hester Caldwell. L. Horner and By GORDON BROWN AF Special Washington Service WASHINGTON W)—Leaders of farm organizations took to Capitol Hill today their views on the controversial question of how and where to reduce cotton plantings next year if national acreage quotas are imposed as expected. ' The question is the subject of a West-South dispute now raging before the House and Senate Agriculture Committees. Slated as farm organization witnesses today before the Senate group arc Frank K. Wooley, legislative counsel, American Farm Bureaif Federation; John Baker, assistant to the president, National Farmers Union ;and J. counsel, T. Sanders, legislative National Grange. They followed to the stand a group of western witnesses who asked consideration for their proposal that present law be changed so the West won't have to take such a heavy slash in acreage If allotments are Imposed In 1954. Southerners oppose the western proposal elnce the more of the national acreage the west retained under uotas the less there would be for the South. The historic southern cotton-growing area regards the West »3 something of an interloper. The situation is thin: Bwnuse of a hefty cotton surplus, cotton acreage coutrolt ar« due to be Imposed in 1954. The national total could be set as low as 1TA million acres, compared with nearly 21 million acres planted last year and a somewhat similar total probably planted this year. Present law provides that this national total shall be divided among the states In proportion to their average plantings in the period 1M7 through 1052, with 1940 eliminated. Bills introduced by western senators »nd representatives would change thli base period to the years IDS!, 19.12 and 1953 with a further proviso that nn Mate could be out man (ban U pci coat. Sherry Asks Drought Aid LITTLE ROCK l/Pl—Oav Cherr; said yesterday that he had asked President Eisenhower and Secretary of Agriculture Benson to check dought conditions In Arkansas. He said, he thought at least some sections of Arkansas should be included In any drought area disaster relief. Eight million dollars were allotted by Mr. Eisenhower for dought relief In parts of Texas and Oklahoma. ' The governor also said he hod talked to Sen. McClellan and was told that even if a bill, which the senator sponsored for emergency drouth loans does not become law, previous acts would still allow the 1 than had'been reported durlii] loans to be grunted. Him pj^od last year. Texans Divided On Aid Some Like It, Some Say Funds Not Adequate AMARILLO, Tex. (AP) — Southwestern cattlemen, divided in their opinions of administration moves against the deadening'drought, faced further bad news from the Weather Bureau. A hottcr-than-nonna! July was forecast in Central and Western slates with dry conditions continuing from the Southwest into the Central plains. Four years of searing heat and sub-normal rain have so damaged the great southwestern livestock ranges the President declared .hem a disaster area. Livestock men's comments on administration plans to help them •anged from "a step in the right direction" to "a drop in the buck- To Buy Beef The government announced a 200 million pound beef buying program yesterday. It Is designed to support .sliding cattle prices. Other relief .measures: 1. President Eisenhower designated 152 counties in Texas and •10 In Oklahoma where stockmen are eligible to share In an eight million dollar drought relief fund. 2. T h e Interstate Commerce Commission yesterday gave rall- •oads authority to reduce freight •atcs on carload shipments of hay, feed and livestock to and from drought areas in Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, New Mexico and Kansas. The American Farm Bureau Federation in Chicago asked the President to include Colorado, New Mexico and Kansas drought areas in the disaster declaration. The Agriculture Department plan called for purchase of 10 million pounds of beef a week to process for the government school lunch program, the Army and export. Bitter On Aid Cliff Wimberly of Vega, Tex., director of the Texas Farm Credit Board, called the buying program Inadequate, something like "a millionaire giving 50 cents to the Red Cross." He said purchase of 350000 cattle would be "just a drop in the bucket." Vegas estimated at least three or four million head should be bought over a six-months period to stabilize the market. The National Livestock Board president, Jay Taylor of Amarillo called the plan "a step in the right direction." The secretary of the Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association Henry Bell of Port Worth, said the government program would "certainly help." Stockmen hoped the Weather Bureau would be a lew hundred miles in error eastward in Its 30- day forecast issued yesterday. The bureau predicted "substantial drought relieving rains from Cen- „, th . ,. „ tral Texas eastward to the Appala- , . S ' chians." Such rains would miss !.„;' , ™"' u most of the worst drought areas , ee "/ hae U ' In the Western two thirds of Texas and Western Oklahoma. Crop saving rains that swept East and Central Texas Monday and yesterday, began to fade today. The Texas- Oklahoma outlook was for widely scattered light showers. Meanwhile, high officials both here and in Washington made it clear that the Allies will sign an armistice with the Communists even if South Korea refuses to cooperate. And Gen. Mark Clark, the UN. commander, called a secret conference of his top generals and admirals in Tokyo. Within 24 Hours? Washington sources indicated tha showdown with Rhee might come within 24 hours. The high official who talked with newsmen here.today .said Assistant Secretary of State Walter S. Robertson, Eisenhower's truce troubleshooter, agreed tentatively to a joint TJ. s.-Korean walkout from a post-armistice peace conference if the Reds attempt to win advant- win on th» "Stubborn" The source said that among th« advantages would be Red infiltra- South Korea during tion into truce. There also were reported that a proposed mutual defense pact to meet Rhee's No. 1 demand has been drafted, but there was no official confirmation. The source said, "when we came into Korea, President Rhee invoked free world unity. We in the U. S. laid a tremendous price. It was he who asked us to come In And casualties have mounted while the south Korean government held "Now," the source went on. Rhee .ml ', S ' U ^ bfornIv tu ™ in S "gainst the spun of free world unity " Secretary of State John Foster Dulles made it plain in Washington Tuesday that the U. S. intends to sign an armistice with the Communists even though Rhee may fuse to co-operate. And in S re- a high official declared' "We "a™ eoiag ahead with an armistice, undeterred." Gen. Mark W. Clark did not say why he summoned top air, naval and grouno; commanders to the secret conference In Tokyo His headquarters said, "There will he no announcement as to the subjects discussed " Observers agreed the deepening armistice crisis toppei unquestionably the agenda. And there was dmiials would map strategy If rouble flares as a result of Rhee's threats to fight on alone if a truce Is signed. Embarrassing- In Washington, Sen. Spnrkman ID-Ala) suggested that "we might be put in the embarrassing posi- uon of having to fight the South Koreans in behalf of tne Commu- on the BedS Rgr ° e '° " trucB And Charman H. Alexander Smith CR-NJ, of a Senate foreign relations subcommitt Walter Pope Named LITTLE ROCK (Jf) - Walter L. Pope will leave Washington, D. C. to return to Little Hock as attorney for the State Insurance Department. Pope, now legislative assistant to Sen. McCJcllan, will assume h I s new duties Aug. 1. The job, created by the 1953 legislature pays $5,000 a year. ee on the Far East expressed fear "the Communists might put us in a tremendous hole if they decided to sign the truce paper." Associated Press Correspondent £>am Summerlm quoted an author. itative source here as saying Rhee told Robertson, "All my demands have been met by President Eisenhower in the truce crisis" after Robertson "clarified" four points last Saturday. Rhee had asked for clarification of the U. s. position on: al security pact be- S. and South Korea. u. S. economic and military aid to South Korea. 3. A pledge that the U. s would See TRUCE on Page 5 2. Weatht Polio Rate Up LITTLE ROCK (/Pi — The State I lealtri Department said today that! 11 new cases of infantile paralysisj were reported in Arkansas iastj week. That brought the polio total so 'ar this year to 55 cases, IS more the ARKANSAS-Generally fair thli afternoon, tonight and Thursday Not. much change In temperatures MISSOURI - Scattered shower. likely northeast this afternoon- mostly fair tonight and Thursday with scattered showers likely northwest portion Thursday afternoon and night; low tonight in the 70s: hlfih Thursday In the 90s. Mftxlmum ycsterctfty—101. Minimum yesterday mornlne-—78 Sunrise tomorrow—1-51 " Sunset todfiy—7:17. Mrnn temperature (midway between hl'o'ti nncl low—so.5, Normal mean tor June—77 5 Preclp. last 24 hours (8:30 p m M (1:30 p.m.)—none, Preclp. Jan. I to dnto— 30.43. Thll,Dat« List Year Minimum Oil morning—76. Mu\lmum yesterday -'-ion. fracl;. JiQ 1 to a«t*-2t.tt.
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