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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF MORTHEAIT ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 86 BlytheviHe Courier Blythevffle Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevilla Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JUNE 30, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS U. S. - Korean Talks Renewed To Try to Work Out New Plan for Truce By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN SEOUL (AP) — The North Korean Red radio today promptly and coldly rejected the U. N. Command offer to sign an armistice now on terms already agreed upon at Pan- munjom. ——— * Shortly after, President Eisenhower's special emissary to South P|* TI_ Korea conceded that President Kl/1 I hfOO Syngman Rhee also persisted In VIVI I III CC his refusal to accept the truce. * Walter S. Robertson,. assistant secretary of state for Far Eastern affairs, told reporters after his fifth secret session with Rhee: "Obviously, there are points which need clarification in our negotiations. Otherwise there would be no need for these meetings. President Rhee and I are trying to work out a solution which will be acceptable to our two governments and, at the same time, sacrifice the principles of neither.' ' Opposal Swift Robertson's remarks contrasted with earlier expressions of optimism from himself and Rhee. He said he would meet again with Rhee Wednesday. He did not say how long he expected the conver- Three Meeting In'July? Suggestion Comes from Great Britain By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON (AP — A wide-ranging Big Three foreign ministers conference appears to be shaping up for some time in mid-July. Although billed as an informal session, there is every prospect critical cold war decisions may result from this American - British French meeting. Far Eastern problems, especially the wars in Korea and Indochina, undoubtedly will dominate the agenda, But, informed officials said today, such troublesome questions as Germany's future, the British Egyptian quarrel and North Atlantic defense problems undoubtedly will be reviewed also. Suggested The first inkling that a foreign ministers' meeting was being planned came yesterday when the acting British Prime Minister, Richard A. Butler, told the House of Commons Britain had suggested such a get-together. Butler said it was necessary to discuss urgent problems and to "maintain the impetus given to our foreign policy" by the plans for a later meeting between Prime Minister Churchill, President Eisenhower and French Premier Joseph Laniel at Bermuda. The State Department, somewhat surprised that Butler talked publicly about the plans, disclosed that Secretary Dulles has agreed to the suggestion that he meet here with Lord Salisbury, acting British foreign secretary. France has been notified, with the idea that the French would send Georges Bidault, the new French foreign minister. Reservations State Department officials, while publicly expressing the view that the conference would be "Very useful," appeared privately to have some reservations. One reason was an inevitable French request for more U. S. aid to fight Communist-led guerrillas In Indochina. Laniel's new French government came to power last week with a pledge to do something about the heavy French financia See BIG THREE on Page 18 sations to continue. Communist reaction to U. N. Commander Mark Clark's proposal for a truce now—irrespective of Rhee's opposition — was unexpectedly swift. The broadcast from Pyongyang, North Korean capital, charged that Clark's letter to Communist military leaders Monday lacked "sincerity" a nd was "inconsistent'' with the facts. It insisted there had been "connivance" between the UNC and South Korea in j Rhee's order releasing more than 27,000 anti-Communist North Korean war prisoners since June 18. "No Guarantee" Pyongyang added that Clark's letter—delivered at Panmunjom through liaison officers—gave "no guarantee" on the future conduct of the South Korean government and that, therefore, the Communists could not accept it. It also demanded again the return of all escaped prisoners. Clark had reminded the Red high command and the Panmun- jom negotiations were for a military armistice and that while he doesn't control -the South Korean government he does command its Army. The U. N. commander promised to do his best to get Rhoe's cooperation and pledged his command to enforce the terms of a truce. '- INSPECTS DROUGHT LAND — Secretary of .Agriculture Ezra Benson, in Texas to address the American Cotton Congress, made a personal tour of part of the drought area, examining the farm and pasture land. Here Benson gets the feel of the dry soil during inspection of land between the towns of Tahoka and Brownfield, Texas. (AP Wirephoto) Paths Are Cleared For Tax Extension Rebellion Is Stomped Out; Reed Oufmaneuvered in Bid for Stall By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON (AP) — The Eisenhower administration, after weeks of bitter bickering, appeared today to have cleared the legislative trail for a six-months extension | of the excess profits tax. ' : ; ( f Working desperately behind the 4^ .' . .—: I scenes, administration forces stamped out a stubborn rebellion in the House Ways ami Means j Committee, outmaneuvering Chairman Daniel A. Reed <R-NY>, who had raised a blockade against .ction on the bill. And thus they dramatically averted, literally at the last min! ute, ~"i expt ."Vi .''uivuowi: ""-lanst, 1 battle over a drastic move to bypass the proud old tax-writing committee. House leaders joined Republicans and Democrats on the committee today in voicing firm con-- viction the tax extension would. have relatively easy sailing now. The committee roadblock had been West Home Destroyed Fire Guts Residence Ridgway Returns PARIS Wl — Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, newly-appointed D. S. Army chief of staff, is going home six days early to take part in conferences in the United States. An announcement from his NATO headquarters near here said he would leave for Washington July 11 for that reason instead of July 17. Air Bag: 75 MIGs SEOUL lft— Sabre jet pilots today shot down 15 Communist MIGs and raised their June bag to 74, a record-smashing total up without the loss ol a single Sabre in air combat. An early morning lire of un- j known origin gutted the residence of Mrs. Georgia West at 2123 West Chickasawba today. The building, which housed Georgia's, Grocery, and' Mrs. West's four-room dwelling, caught fire shortly before 4 a.m. '!, Mrs. West said she and her two children, Gloria. 3, and Charles, the big obstacle; both the House j 5, were sleeping in a front bed- and Senate appeared likely to okay room when they were awakened an extension if it came to a vote, i by smoke. The levy expires at midnight, i They were able to get out of but it can be renewed retroactively, i the burning building, though her Reed still held out strong per-• K0n ' s nal1 ' was singed and he suf- sonal opposition. But his supporting j'fei'ed _a slight ^burn on his back, ranks had been shattered, even among Republican colleagues on his own committee. Reed Opposed Still Reed yielded only to the point of calling his group into session July 8. Previously he had canceled all committee meetings to block any action on the administration's tax proposal. His concession was enough. Key Republicans said 10 or 11 of the 15 GOP committee members will vote to bring the tax bill to the floor. Democrats said they would Mrs. West said. The blaze apparently broke out in the residence section of the building and spread to the grocery store owned by Mrs. West, though that part of the structure was not a total loss as was the dwelling. They were unable to remove any clothing or furnishings from the house, Mrs. West said. Disaster Areas Named WASHINGTON Iffi — President Eisenhower today formally desig- support the move almost solidly. n ated 152 drought-stricken counties Rep. Richard M. Simpson (R-1 in Texas and 40 others in'o'da- Pa). who evidently played a big , homa .as disaster areas, role in the settlement, said he This makes cattlemen aW Bto!k- "anticipates and hopes" Reed will | men In those counties eligible to agree to put the business prtitits | share in the eight million dollars tax on the committee agendas/or allocated yesterday by thin presl- the July 8 session, or another mfet- See TAX on Page 18 dent from his emergency.fund (or drought relief. Citizens SewerCommittee Asks Election on New Plan Martial Law Still Rules E. Germany More Than 1,300 New Arrests Are Made In Strike-Crippled Uranium, Steel Mines By DAN DE LUCE BERLIN (AP) — Soviet tank forces gradually pulled back today from leading East German provincial cities still in the grip of martial law. More than 1,300 new arrests by* the East German government's security agents were reported in the strike-crippled steel, uranium, coal fnd automobile industries. A sujtitage fire inflicted heavy damage to open pit installations in the big coal field at Bltterfleld. in Saicony-Anhnlt, but no other serious flareup of resistance was confirmed in the Soviet zone. The 14-day siege following the June 17 workers' rebellion was reported ended in the cities of Chemnitz and Rostock. Large farming districts in Brandenburg and Mecklenburg had been turned back to civilian Communist control yesterday by Soviet command. Armor Rolls Back In Leipzig and several other centers of the rebellion, Soviet armor withdrew in an intimation that further lilting of martial law was in prospect. Many of the Red Army units patrolling East Berlin already have been recalled to their barracks. There were other overtures to the Easterners. The anti-Communist West Berlin intelligence organization, Information-Bureau West, reported the release from two Soviet military prisons of 52 German prisoners convicted five years ago on charges of espionage and other anti- Russian activities. " - '•; : Sentences Commuted The East German Supreme Court commuted to 15 years imprisonment the death sentences of two 18-year-old youths convicted of murdering a Red secret service agent during the revolt. With the relaxation of military controls, refugee traffic to West Berlin picked up. The refugee center reported 582 East Germans had applied over the week end for political asylum. The total, however, was considerably below pre- rebellion week ends. Weather Max Reid Reid to Head Bar Organization BlytheviHe Attorney Max Reid became Arkansas' first president of the Commercial Law League of America today when the group met to elect oflic'ers in its annual convention at Mnckinac Island, Mich. Mr. Reid also became the first ".small town" lawyer to hold the position and one of the few southerners. A member of the League since 1922, he has served during the past year as vice-president. The CLL has approximately 4,500 members who represent manufacturer:;, wholesalers, finance companies and commercial banks over the United States. It was organized in 1895. Mr. Reid was elected to the executive committee of the organization in 1949. As president, he succeeds C. J, Wagner of Minneapolis. A former (1946-47) president of the Arkansas Bar Association, Mr. Reid is currently president of Blytheville's school board, a position he has held for more than seven years. ARKANSAS—-Generally fair with temperatures rising to upper 30's in most of state today and tomorrow. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy southwest, fair elsewhere tonight and Wednesday with little change- in temperature; low tonight around | ~ ~ 751 high Wednesday generally in' t Rakosi Loses Job the 90s. Maximum y enter day—95. Minimum yesterday morning—78. Sunrise tomorrow—4:50. Sunset today—7:17. Mean temperature (midway between high and lav/—85.5. Normal mean for June—77.5. Preclp. last 24 hours (6:30 p.m. to 6:30 p.m.)—none. Preclp. Jan. 1 to date—30 42. This Date Last Year Minimum this morning—78. Maximum yesterday—107. Preclp. Jan. 1 to date—26.45. LONDON l/Pl—Budapest radio announced today the job of secretary general of the Communist party for Hungary has been abolished. The job was hnld by Premier Matyas Rasoki, long boss of the party. Rakosi still, apparently, held his position in the council of ministers, which runs the government under the direction of the Hungarians Workers (Communist) party. Finance Method Gets OK; Cut Of $300,000 Is Voted Blythfeville's long-standing sewer problem got another look yesterday when the BlytheviHe Citizen's Sewer Committee, with an eye to immediate action, voted to petition the City Council to call a special election to consider a §995,000 hond issue for a "modified" sewer improvement plan in lieu of a $1,300,000 program. Some 20 members of the citizen's* . committee, organized to study the I sewer problem when a seeming stalemate was reached in lengthy efforts to plan an adequate system to .replace Blytheville's outmoded network, took the following action in a City Hall meeting yesterday afternoon: 1) Voted that "In view of the general feeling that $1,300,000 is an excessive cost, a reduced program of sewer Improvements be started as quickly as possible, "The reduced program designed for the collection and treatment of all presently sewered and some unsewered areas with additional laterals in unsewered areas to be provided as fast as possible. "Laterals in unsewered areas are to be built where they appear to be economically justified." 2) Recommended that a 'city sewer commission be set up to handle the entire sewer improvement program." 3) Recommended that the bond issue election be asked to authorize and issue ot "$995,000 based on the following construction: treatment plant, $290,000; s i x \\ft stations, $185,000; force mains, $107,448; trunk sewers, $185,659; engineering and contingencies, $76,900; lateral sewers, $137,230, and land for lift stations and treatment plant, $10,000—totaling $092,237." 4) Voted to present the revised sewer proposal to the City Council at its next regularly scheduled meeting (the council will continue an adjourned meeting July 7) on July 14, and at that time to ask the council to call a special election to authorize a bond issue of $995,000 for construction work in- ' volved in the new plan. Further, it was voted to recom- ; mend that the bond issue be fi- • minced by a sewer service charge I based on improvements as the property involved is affected. j The financing method approved by the group was a plan prev- j iously recommended by a Chamber of Commerce Sewer Commit- , tee under the chairmanship of! Subcommittee Action j Chairman Harvey Morris told the West Texas Gets Rains Inland Sweep Of Tropical Storms is Reason DALLAS, Tex. W—An Inland sweep of tropical storms today pushed showers toward West Texas and Oklahoma farm areas for which President Eisenhower mads available an eight-million dollar drought disaster fund. Downpours, as heavy as 6 Inches at Baytown, scattered over East and Central Texas yesterday in time to save pastures, cotton, peaches, late corn »nd vegetable* in many counties. Forecasters expected scattered rain to drift into dried-up West has so denuded the soil of plant Texas and Oklahoma. But in much of the area a four-year drought has BO denuded the soil of plant cover that rain would fall only on sandy wastes. Most of the West Texas wheat, crop and much of th« cotton is gone. Pastures are crisp and useless. The White House, announcement yesterday said relief funds would be allocated to 152 counties in Texas and 40 in Oklahoma. Tha counties were to be named in a formal Washington announcement today. Meanwhile, Gov. Edwin Mechem of New Mexico appealed to President Eisenhower for federal aid in New Mexico's drought crisis. He planned to fly to Washington today. In the Senate, Minority Leader Lyndon Johnson (D-Tex) and. 12 other senators introduced a bin to provide money and power to meet disasters such as the Southwest drought. The measure would authorize government loans to farmers and stockmen at 4 per cent interest. Sen. Johnson told senators citizens committee that the plan I he had consulted several govern- Sce SEWEBS on Page 18 Inside Today's Courier News . . . New flaff favorites: Cardinals and Indians . . . Hojran cured a hook , . . Little League news . . Sports . . . Page 6. . . . lioyle finds ocean floor is out of thfs world . . . Page 3. . . . Business experts say we never had it so good . . . Page 10. . . . Younp bandits serve neer and cheese while robbing victims . . . Page 2. nient agencies "and they do not know whether they have the author, ity to do the things that must be done." Secretary of Agriculture Benson, who returner 1 to Washington from a week-end inspection of the Texas drought area, said the first steps In the administration program would be aimed at speedng emergency iced to livestock growers. He said growers will get the feed "at a level somewhat below the support level" for the feeds involved. Peed will come from stocks of the, Commodity Credit Corporation with any losses made up from the President's emergency fund. Biggest BVD Day on Way As BlytheviHe Value Days moves into Its special big two-day event Equally impressive for the man of the house, and perhaps the boys, this week, participating stores! have lined up even better-than-ever bargains for customers in local business houses. One item that Junior may not think such a bargain'will probably impress economy-minded Morn anri Dad; a complete stock of lawnrnowers at 25 per cent off. Is the fashion-correct nylon mesh shoe shown In Picture No. 2 above, rtgular $14.95 per pair bargains going on sale for Just $9.95 per pair. Picture No. 3 should serve to remind the BVD shopper that bargains come from all directions on the special sale days featured by Blythe- viHe merchants; banana splits at 19 cents and sodas at 9 cents scrvt as a real summertime treat In the midst of a shopping tour. And even the home Isn't le/t out, as shown in Picture No 4. Stylish wallpapers will go at a 50 per cent reduction during the two- day, blgscbt-ot-the-summer BlytheviHe Value Day.