The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 26, 1953 · Page 12
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 12

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, June 26, 1953
Page 12
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BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEW! FRIDAY, JUNE 26, 1958 Opinion, Weather Farm Policy Factors Nation s Farmers Appear to be Edging Toward Trouble By OVID MARTIN and DON WHITEHEAD WASHINGTON (AP) — The two most unpredictable tlements in the battle over a new farm program are the weather and the now-silent voice of public opinion. Either could have a potent influence in the fight. They are factors which cannot i years—trouble he hasn't expcri- be ignored in any speculation about I cured since before World War II. exports have dropped from four* billion dollars to about three billion during the past year. Part of this is due to government cutbacks on its foreign aid programs. Foreign countries thus have fewer dollars to spend. When he testified recently be- j /"*-. n\/r\r*rt4-In »* fore a House group. Short save V* Q/7 f WCCfC/Ofl this outline of how his office will try to expand foreign sales: PHILADELPHIA ttV-The Mftho- "We plan .to put more conimod- dist church opened a worki-v/idr* ity marketing men abroad, in :in ! convocation on evangelism hen' to- Methodists Open Big the kind of farm program to be written by Congress when the present fixed high-support laws expire next year. So far, there's been little Indication that the general public, which consumes the farmers' products, is choosing up sides in the conflict over fiexd prices vs. flexible high-support farm price . props. But it could happen should people become aroused as they did against the potato support program a couple of years ago. More recently there has been some grumbling over heavy government buying of butter, cheese and dried milk to support prices of these products. Surplus* In the case of potatoes the federal government had this crop under acreage control. But farmers increased potato yields per acre to Farm prices are down,but farm costs have not declined correspond ingly. The farmer's share of tlu consumer dollar spent for food anc fiber is at the lowest level since 1941, just before the war boom lifted him into his greatest period of prosperity. . Not Deep Trouble He isn't yet in deep trouble, but the trend in that direction has been so steady as to sound alarms in Washington and in the farm country. Many people recall vividly the bleak days of the '30s that came after a farm depression. Secretary of Agriculture Benson thinks the way to reverse this trend is to use a flexible price support system to encourage crop production shifts. This would be tied in with efforts to find new farm markets, cut farm costs, and increase the purchasing power of the dollar. record-breaking heights through generous use of fertilizer. Then! Benson's opponents argue the an- they dumped the surplus on the .... . . * . government at a heavy cost to tax payers. Tha market couldn't absorb the ' supply. Tons spoiled. Neither law . makers nor farmers could argue effectively against the public's outcries, and the potato price support program was knocked in the head. The weather can go a long way to make or break the administration drive for a flexible system of price supports lor basic crops such ss wheat, corn, cotton, rice, tobacco and peanuts. These crops are now supported under law at 90 per cent of parity. Parity is a return estimated to be fair to both the farmer and consumer , Up to this time, the weather appears to be on the side of the Eisenhower administration's arguments against continued rigid high- price supports. The prospects are for good crop weather — which would mean more surpluses piled on surpluses carried over from last year's bumper crops. Wheat Mounts Up The Agricultural Department already is a bit frantic trying to fiod storage for wheat and corn surpluses on hand and in view. They are piled in bins, warehouses, old hangar sheds, and even ships. And in these .surpluses nve the eeeds of public discontent over the present farm program. The department has slightly more than three billion dollars tied. up in farm surpluses. This investment may well approach five billion by the end of the 1053 marketing year if crops turn out well. This would be nearly a billion dollars more then the previous peak reached shortly before the Korean War The larger the surpluses, the | greater is the danger of heavy lax- j payer-financed losses through deterioration and sale at less than cost. | A bad crop year would strength- ' en arguments for continued fixed ! high supports. In bad times, the nation would be fortunate in having surpluses for human and anunai consumption. ; "Reasonable" Surpluse ' (Editor's Note: Martin and Whitehead, writing their storj from "Washington, apparently became so engulfed in red tape they couldn't see the sun shining . .". the bright, hot sun which currently Is laying waste to untold thou- : sands of acres of cropland.) The present farm program was , designed to keep a reasonable sur- i plus of grains and other st.ornble products on hand in case of prolonged drought or war emergency. But some surpluses have climbed beyond the point many consider reasonable and are embarrassing , the government and fanners alike. I The wheat surplus is around GOO j million bushels, the corn surplus ' about 800 million. Good growing ) weather will boost these totals, j But despite such bountiful farm '. production, the farmer has been • edging toward trouble for two i swer to the farm problem is not in cutting down on production or tampering with high-price supports. They see in surplus production a sign of healthy agriculture—and contend the nation should have surpluses as a backlog. They argue the cost of these surpluses .is not too great a price for Ihe taxpayer to pay for assurance of abundant food and fiber., They also argue that the factory worker is getting more food for one hour of labor today than he did in 1939, or in 1929 betore the inrm program started. A chart from the Department of Agriculture supports this argument. It shows one hour of factory labor in 1929 bought .4 loaves of bread—but now buys 10.4 loaves; 7.8 pints of milk against 13.8 pints now; 2.6 pounds of bacon today or exactly twice the amount it would have bought in 1929. Other comparisons between 1929 and 1953: Steak 1.2 pounds against. 1,5 sounds; 1.1 dozen eggs against doxen; 17.7 pounds of potatoes against 21.9 pounds; 1.3 oranges igainst 3.3 doxen. But the big problem facing Benson Is how to dispose of surpluses. Most farm and administration eaclers sec the foreign market as Jie logical outlet. Benson has set up an advisory group on this prob- em and has raised the department's foreign agriculture service ,o a ne\v position of- authority and Arkansan Heads Office This office is headed by Romeo E. Short, who has begun his work Facing Ihe fact Ihnt U. S. farm effort to open up, or keep open, our export markets. These men will inform foreign buyers about the special advantages of our improved commodities. They will endeavor to convince foreign officials of the need for making dollars available for U. S. products , . . "We shall explore the possibility of using more of our agricultural clay wi'-h a Uvo-fold purpose. First, to commemorate the #JOth ftnnlvt'iviiry of the birth of John W.'Jf'V, British born founder of she denomination; And M-rond, to launch a nation- wirip OwUi^fiistic campaign by : J( >m<- 40.00!) Me'hodist churches to win 250.000 ni""-v members. Some 5.000 Methodists from scat- surpluses abroad, where United j toird f-K-nons of the globe were on States agencies are now spending i h;: mi for the opening session. The dollars. • j mcctir.s \vill be climaxed by a mass "At the same time, we realize j rall - v ra F ™nklin Field Sunday, that foreign countries must have I riurm " whl( .' h . 1 - 000 Persons from an opportunity to earn dollars if j th<> f j »il»aplphia area will bf they are going to buy our commodities without foreign aid." There is considerable pressure, too, for the United Slates to adopt a two-price system for exports— one price on the domestic market, under price supports, and the other price seeking its level in world I competition on the export market, j coi^n^/Chu^chS of^risT'mlhe ! Some farm leaders think a more J u. P. A. ; G. Bromley Oxnaiii ofj determined effort must be made in! Washington; Arthur J. Moore of At- this direction in order to prevent j lanta, Ga., and Ivan Lee Holt of St. miueci into tiic church. Bishop W. Engie Smith of Oklahoma City will preside at Sunday's sesxidii. Sixty thousand Methodists are expertcd to be on hand. Among thf. 1 principal speakfir. will he. four prominent Methodist Bishops—William C. Martin of Dallas, France Must Name Premier PARIS (ft 1 )— Joseph Laniel went betore France's parliamentary lions den today, a.sking the National Assembly for permission to head his nation's I91h postwar government. Unlike his four predecessors, he .spoke briefly and offered no specific solutions to the mammoth problems facing the country. Because the Assembly already has turned down four would-be Premiers, Paris newspapers likened Laniel to the Biblical hero with the similar name. Following his speech, the Assembly adjourned for party meetings amid unofficial speculation that Laniel would receive parliamentary approval. It was generally conceded that at least 340 of the legislators finally would bow to the pressure of France's acute financial crisis, lack of progress in the Indochinese war and need for French representation at the impending Big Three Bermuda conference, and would vote for his confirmation. Only 314 votes are necessary for investiture. Soviet Russia and her Communist tellites from dominating the farm market in Europe. Controls Forming Unless surplus production is controlled by shifts in production, Benson says production and marketing controls are, the only way out. This would be an unpopular move with farmers in most commodity fields. Besides, Eisenhower's campaign Army Shuts Down More Insialafions WASHINGTON (/Pj—The economizing Army plans to have .seven fewer replacement training centers in , operntion by Jan. 1. pledge was to move away from I federal controls. U-announced yesterday that six will be closed and two more merged. Louis. Political leaders are waiting to see if Benson dares the political Training centers to be closed are those of the Signal Corps at Camp nsk of invoking such rigid controls San Lu ,., obj CMf Ql ,, rt! ,,._ over the 1954 wheat crop, which nU]s(e] . c Replacement Center he has said he must do if llus at FL Ln , v Chemical Corps at Ft, Mt-CIcUan, Ala.; Transportation Corps at Ft. Eustis, Va., Engineer Corps at Ft. Belvolr. Va.; Field Artillery at Ft. Sill, Okla. The military Police and Signal Training Centers at Camp Gordon. Ga.. nve in be consolidated. ' year's wheat crop looks as good on July 1 as it does now. Unless he finds a way out, present law would require him to invoke controls designed to cut the 1954 wheat crop by 20 to 30 per cent. He could sidestep the issue by setting aside the controls on the grounds of national interest. Or lie could support a change in farm law allowing larger reserves before controls are put into effect. As yet, Benson lias shown no Indication of backlrac*in K . L , . f Growers court reject r-overnm™, ^ . p quotas by a two-thirds vote in u I of „„, , f . „ '• national referendum. In this event, " government's price Camp Sun Luis Obispo is being Wheat Starts To Pakistan WASHINGTON (/P)—The first installment of a million-ton gift of wheat from the U. S. starts for Pakistan today. President Eisenhower yesterday signed into Jaw the bill making the Brant, out of surplus stocks bought by the government. He said, "our sincere hopes for peace and prosperity go with this grain." The "Anchorage Victory" sails from Baltimore today with about 9,600 tons of wheat, the first package of the amount authorized by the legislation—up to one million tons. Congress took only 15 days to complete action on the President's request for emergency supplies to avert famine in drought-stricken Pakistan. posed him. And that's the reason the ' support rate for wheat would drop from $2.20 a bushel to about $1.25 a bushel. This sort of price would wpather and public opinion may be )e no Republican asset in the j Ihe deciding issues in writing the j arm belt in next year's election. {forthcoming farm program. On the other hand the wheat j control issue and the further accumulation of surpluses with pool losses financed by taxpayers could—as it did in the case of Ihe potato program—whip up public opinion on Benson's shir- even though wheat fanners op. AMA Blasts Ad Policies CHICAGO UP) — The Journal of the American Medical Association throw ;\n editorial haymaker today at radio and television programs that f pat ure stethoscopes, white coats and medical claims in advertising. The Journal said It has received many complaining letters from phy- ficians and others who "assert this is a cheap attempt to mislead the audicnce-s into believing that the claims have been proven medically." LEADS RENCH FORCES— Lt.-Gen. Henri Navarre is the new Commander-in-Chief of French Union forces in Indo- China In the battle with the Viet-Minh Communists. The 55-year-old generaj was the leader of resistance forces'dur- ing the Nazi occupation of France, and had been serving as Chief of Staff to Marshal Juin at SHAPE headquarters. "Symphony In Mud" The Cristo Rey church, in Santa Fe, N.M., often Is referred to as "symphony in mud." It is claimed to be the largest adobe structure in the southwest and one of the largest in the world. SCHOOL PROPERTY FOR SALE Leachville School District No. 40 proposes to sell, to the highest bidder, for cash, certain school property as follows: The property known as the Box Elder School situated at N. W. corner of N. W. Vi of S. E. U Sec. 29-T16N-R9E of Miss. Co. consisting of 2 acres more or less and all buildings and improvements thereon. Sealed bids will be received until 7:30 p.m. July 7, 1953 at which time all bids will be opened in the Superintendents Office. All bids should be mailed or delivered to Leachville School District No. 40 in care of the Superintendents Office, Leachville, Ark. Envelopes should be marked "Bid For Box Elder Property." The Board ol Directors reserves the right to reject any or all bids. Leachville School District No. 40 By Norman Bailey, President Louis Weinberg, Secretary 8M 73 'Slim' Rhodes says: "I'll See You Soon with 'FROSTY'" Pay y o n r Courier News carrier boy to- ;-"/ morrow. 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FoHowmg is a Brief Description of the New low Cost- Hospital Plan for Groups & individuals. H-01 - M-02 - PHfiO FA ROOM AM) HOARD AND OTHER EXPENSE $10.00 1st diiy in hospital M.DO 2nd day in hospital M.OO 3rd day in hospital 11.00 .Ith day in hospital 1 1.00 5th day in hospital M.OO (ilh day in hospital 1-1.00 7lh day in hospital I'M'S A MINIMUM OF , SI0.00 per day | for next fl.'i days, a total of SI033 Room allowance for 100 days. 5103.00 Fii-sl week in hospital OTHER EXPENSE ?25.00 Ambulance 250.00 Surgical Benefits 20.00 Emergency Treatments 2500.00 Polio Benefits 900.00 Cash Advance 150.00 Maternity 60.00 Each additional child 150.00 Doctor calls Home, Office or Hospital 1. X-ttnYs, I.ahnralory. etc., Hospital IV.nolHs arc payable without beliiB u brd patlrnt. Z. Tiiys for surcer.v performed in Home, Doctors Office us \vrll as Hospital. S. Pays full bcnclil regardless of an.v other coverage, Incliulm^ Workman's Compensation and Employers Hcneflts. 4. 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