The Evening Sun from Baltimore, Maryland on September 21, 1962 · 3
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The Evening Sun from Baltimore, Maryland · 3

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Baltimore, Maryland
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Friday, September 21, 1962
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3
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THE EVENING SUN, BALTIMORE, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1962 PAGE A 3 Won't Pay Cent Of Congo Bill, Soviet Union Says At U.N. Gromyko Assails Actions In Africa umtea nations, N.Y., Sept. 21 WV-In advance of an important policy address today to the Gen eral Assembly, Soviet Foreign Aiinister Gromyko served notice his Government will not nav cent to support the United Nations lorce in the Congo. Gromyko indicated he might deal with United Nations finances in his address, which is expected to range over a wide area of cold-war issues, including charges of United States aggressive designs on iUoa. His address, part of the 108-nation Assembly's general policy debate, is expected late today. At the morning sessions, Japanese Foreign Minister Masayoshi Ohira voiced hope that the disarmament, Berlin and Congo questions be solved soon, and Foreign Min ister Halvard Lange, of Norway, asked the Assembly to do nothing to impede the work of the Geneva Disarmament Conference which is to reconvene in November. Gromyko's views on United Nations financing clashed with those ot Ambassador Stevenson, who told the Assembly it should affirm "a policy of collective financial responsibility." Asked About Court Opinion Gromyko was asked if he expects the Assembly to approve the July 20 advisory opinion of the World Court that all United Nations members are obliged to pay for the special peacekeeping operations in the Congo and the Middle East. He replied: we are not going to pay for this not one penny. Why should we pay for the crimes they committed in the Congo . . the colonialists and their agents? Asked which crimes he meant, he mentioned the killing of former Premier Lumumba and the continued secession of Katanga. Stevenson had asked the Assem bly to devise a plan for financing all future peacekeeping operations so that the United Nations need not pass a cup "like a beggar in the street." He pointed out that the United Nations has a $150,000,000 deficit. 46 Million In Arrears The Soviet Union is one of more than 25 members who do not help pay for the United Nations force in the Middle East and only one of almost 55 that do not help pay for the United Nations force in the Congo, despite the fact that all members are assessed for botb operations. Up to the end of last month the Soviet Union owed $32,000,000 of the $81,000,000 that was due the United Nations on account of the Congo" and $14,000,000 of the $31,- 000,000 due on account of the Middle East. The Soviet argument is that only the Security Council has the right to levy such special assessments and that the Assembly's assessments are illegal. 4" t - s , r " f t CZZZD- ztLm 'fe4 m3m rr" r-rsr &5 Berlin Blockade Seen Possible IS ARGENTINA Smoke rises from barricade set afire by shell-fire at Olmos, Argentina, as forces loyal to Government battled oncoming rebel tanks in suburb of La Plata, about 35 miles away from Buenos Aires. Heavy fighting broke out today between rebels and Government forces 15 miles southwest of Buenos Aires as military chiefs refused President Guido's orders to resign. Israeli Banker Predicts Wave Of Immigration Cuban Missile Site May Peril Critical Navy Ship Lanes Washington, Sept. 21 Israel faces a new wave of immigration due to "the rise of the ugly threat of anti-Semitism in many countries of the world," David Horowitz, governor of the Bank of Israel said today. To meet this expected mass immigration, he said, economic development- that would normally take a half century will have to be telescoped into one decade. $66.5 Million Drive Horowitz joined in a plea for increasing sales of Israel bonds before some 500 United States and Canadian Jewish leaders attending a three-day national planning conference of the Israel Bond Organization. It will launch- the fall phase of the 1962 Israel bond drive, seeking a total of $66,500,000. In a speech at a luncheon session, Horowitz said Israel bond funds played a vital role in Israel's impressive economic growth and continued sale of bonds is indispensable for the further development of the country, particularly in view of the renewed large-scale immigration. Now some twelve years after initiation of Israel bonds, he said, "there is sufficient experience to evaluate the safety of such investment, $160,000,000 already have been repaid and the situation of Israel is today economically in comparably better than at the time of the inception of the bond campaign. Washington, Sept. 21 ( A new missile site on Cuba's northeast coast could menace important United States Navy shipping lanes. United States officials said (yesterday Russian technicians have set up a missile site near the town of Banes. They likened it to Soviet coastal defense installations and said it is believed designed for anti-shipping missiles. Such missiles would be in the surface-to-surface class. 20 To 35 Mile Range Officials spoke of a probable range of 20 to 35 miles for the missiles. This would not be enough to reach Guantanamo, the United States naval base about 60 miles Stravinsky In Russia After 52 Years Away away on the other side of the is-lernment to build a naval base near land. Banes, which lies on a big bay. However, it would take missiles The report said several days ago 01 only slightly more power to that the Castro Government had threaten that base and the United 1 been removing families from a re- States warships that anchor in its harbor. Much Navy traffic passes along Cuba s north coast on routes lead- ing to Puerto Rico where the Navy and Marines maintain important bases. Limits Observed This traffic stays outside the 3-mile limit and could go farther out, if necessary to avoid danger. Pinpointing of the missile site near Banes tended to support Cuban underground reports of possible move by the Castro Gov- Curran Asks Probe Of Cuba Shipping Moscow, Sept. 21 IPi Igor Stravinsky, famed Russian-born American composer, returned to his native land today after 52 years' absence. The 80-year-old musician, accompanied by his wife, Vera, flew to Moscow for a three-week concert and sightseeing tour. "I am happy to be back on Russian soil," said the aging composer, after tottering through a crush of newsmen and Russians who greeted him as he stepped from his aircraft. A delegation of top Soviet musicians, conductors and composers of the Soviet Composers' Union. Greeted By Niece Nattily dressed in a light gray hat and blue serge overcoat, Stravinsky tenderly greeted his niece. Miss Aksenya Stravinskaya, daughter of his eldest brother. The composer and his niece have known one another only through correspondence. Stravinsky is to give a total of six concerts here and in Leningrad, the former Czarist capital of St. Petersburg where he was born. The first is scheduled for next Wednesday. Also accompanying the com poser was Robert Craft, a fellow conductor who will join Stravinsky in his concerts. The Soviet Composers Union in June invited Stravinsky to visit this country for a series of concerts. Sol Hurok, New York im-pressario, took part in making the arrangements. Feared Emotional Strain Stravinsky leaned heavily on his wooden cane at the airport. He was reported to have feared the return to his former homeland would be too much of an emotional strain. The Stravinsky concerts are expected to contain excerpts from his most famous works "Pe-trushka," "Firebird" and "Le Sacre du Printemps." These works were branded "bourgeois and corrupt" in Stalin's day, but Stravinsky has since been accepted by Soviet culture bosses, who are now apparently ready to hear his explanations of his modernistic music. Stravinsky has lived in the United States since 1939 and became a naturalized citizen in 1945. He left Russia in 1909 to live and study in Paris and returned briefly in 1914. He was in Paris when the Bolshevik Revolution broke out. Philadelphia, Sept, 21 Iff) The president of the National Mari time Union (AFL-CIO) called to- iday for a congressional investiga tion to expose what he termed the 'connection of American shipown ers with arms shipments to Cuba. Joseph Curran said the probe "should expose the international financial network through which American shipowners have had an interest in trade not only with Cuba, but with Red China and other Iron Curtain countries in spite of embargoes declared by our country." Liberian, Panamanian Curran's prepared remarks were for a symposium on automation at the coordinated transportation and cargo handling ex position. He noted that he had. already asked the International Transport Workers Federataion to call a world-wide boycott against the Today's Best From Europe I 1 J I NORWAY Arvid Andreaen AMD 9-xt "It's simple I'm paying for Mrs. Andersen and Mrs. Hill. Mrs. Gold is paying for herself and me and, Mrs. Briggs pays just for herself." loading and manning of ships carrying arms to Cuba. "Among these ships," he said, are many Amencan-owned Liberian and Panamanian flag vessels. "Furthermore, some of the companies which hold an interest in vessels which have been carry ing military cargoes to Cuba are among the owners of vessels which our Government has designated as 'under effective control' companies. But I have this on authority that cannot be ques-Uoned." Curran charged that both the Eisenhower and Kennedy Administrations had let "the big oil companies sell them this 'effective control' hoax." "This is a cheap and dangerous dodge," he said, "this business of pretending that we can count for our defense needs in an emergency on ships under Liberian and Panamanian flags and manned by foreign crews." Cuban Rebels Reported In Panama Key West, Fla., Sept. 21 lift-Havana radio quoted Red Chinese sources today as saying 1,500 Cuban counterrevolutionists are in the Panaman Canal Zone, preparing to attack Cuba. The broadcast said a dispatch from Peiping declared the Cubans, wearing United States uniforms, are confined to the "Yankee military zone." This, the radio quoted its Chinese source as saying, "proves that Panama is being used by the imperialist Kennedy as a trampoline for the new armed aggression he plans against Cuba." House Rules Unit Bars Cuba Warning Riders Continued From Page A 1 Union has stepped up arms deliv eries to Cuba. 65 To 75 Ships Since late July, officials said, 65 to 75 Soviet ships have arrived at Cuban ports, about half of them carrying cargoes that included military equipment and personnel. The number of Soviet military personnel now in Cuba was put at 4,200. These sources said the Castro regime has at least one late-type MIG jet fighter as well as 60 older ones. And, authorities here said, twelve short-range surface-to-air missile sites have been established in western Cuba, many on the Stigmata-Scene Convent Planned Konnersreuth, Germany, Sept. 21 WV-The Catholic Church announced today a devotional con vent for Carmelite nuns will be built near the home of Therese Neumann, who during lent year after year appeared to sutler the crucifixion agonies of Christ. She died Tuesday. Although thousands have called the apparent . stigmata a "miracle,"' the church never recognized it as such. The archbishop's office in Munich said: "The events in Konnersreuth cannot be adjudged as other than human credibility so long as the church has not made a decision on them." northern coast opposite hte United States. The resolution before the House declares the United States will not tolerate a military force in Cuba capable of endangering United States security and will use force if necessary to resist any force used to advance communism in this hemisphere. The wording was worked out in an unusual three-way collaboration among the Senate Foreign Relations and Armed Services committees and the House Foreign Affairs Committee. YEAR-END SPECIAL! Air-Conditioned '62 BUICK INVICTA Company Executive Car fawn Mitt 4-dr. hardtop. Fully quipped, Including powtr ittir ing, power braktt, power win dowft, white-wall tiret and factory-lmtalled air conditioner. New car title and warranty. SAVE NOW! OTORS Maryland's Quality Bukk Dealer 5937 Btlair ltd. HA. 6-2737 AFTIR Wf SEll . . . Wl SERVI gion near Banes. It would be logical to emplace missiles to defend a naval base. Torpedo Boats The Cubans have been getting modern torpedo boats from the Russians, armed with missiles of estimated range of up to 17 miles. Operating from Bahia de Nipe, the bay on which Banes is located, these fast craft could roam the United States patrolled sea lanes. Navy authorities acknowledged the Russian-supply boats "could give us a nasty time." , American officials apparently still regard the Cuban build-up as defensive including the newly spotted site near Banes. That assessment might well change if the Cubans received not only defensive weapons such as MIG interceptors and anti-air craft missiles but ground-to ground missiles able to reach the United States. 2 U.S. Planes Harass: Cuba Key West, Fla.. Sept. 21 m-The Cuban Armed Forces Ministry charged today that two United States planes marauded over two Cuba-bound merchant vessels, violating international law. . The Havana newscast, monitored here, quoted the ministry note as saying that "a Yankee plane flew at a provocative low altitude over a merchant ship bound for a Cuban port on September 14. "Another North American plane," the note went on, "flew at a low level on a provocative espionage mission over a freighter headed for Cuba on September 15." The radio did not mention where the alleged violations took place, the destination of the ships or the nationality ot the Luba- bound vessels. " . Trade Declines Canberra, Australia, Sept. 21 (Reuters) Trade between Britain and Australia in both directions has declined since 1958-1959, it was reported. Bonn, Sept 21 MV-The highest ranking East German Army officer ever to escape to the West said today he believes West Berlin will be subjected to a blockade after the Russians sign a peace treaty with Communist East Ger many. "I have no concrete evidence that this will happen but I must make this assumption on the basis of conversations I had with higher ranking officers," Lt. Col. Martin Herbert Loeffler said at a news conference. "I do not expect that a military operation will be taken against West Berlin because there have been no preparations for it," Loeffler said. "However, all units stationed around Berlin are kept ready for battle at all times." Loeffler, a former regimental commander of the East German People's Army and a graduate of the Soviet Army's crack Frunze Officer Academy, fled to West Berlin September 8. He said the United States Army was described in an Army order by East German Defense Minister Gen. Karl-Heinz Hoffman as a "well trained, technically well-equipped and brutally fighting enemy." Contrary to constant claims by the Communists that their armies were only trained for defense roles, Loeffler said most of their training has had offensive character. Puerto Rico Seizes Sugar On Ship San Juan, Puerto Rico, Sept. 21 UTt A Puerto Rican court has at tached an $800,000 Cuban sugar cargo aboard a British freighter bound for the Soviet Union and both the Russians and British today were expected to fight the order. The Soviet-chartered Streatham Hill, which had called here for minor repairs, was ordered held and her 120,000-bag cargo unloaded after a representative of the Terry Kane Heavy Machinery Firm, of Miami, Fla., appealed to the Su perior Court in San Juan. The Dade county (Florida) court awarded Kane s firm $883,978 dam. ages on July 26, 1961, for nationali zation of its holdings in Cuba. To Fight Attachment Attorneys for the freighter said they will seek to lift the attachment, probably on grounds that the sugar was bought and paid for by the Soviet Union and is no longer Cuban property. Legal experts here expressed belief the Soviet Union also will fight the order through its Embassy in Washington. Isias Rodgriguez Moreano, who requested the attachment on behalf of the Kane firm, said he expected the Russians might claim title to the cargo. "In the meanwhile, we have the sugar and plan to fight for it, he said. Fire In Hold The disputed cargo nearly went up in smoke last night when fire of undetermined origin broke out in a hold of the freighter. Dozens of firemen brought the blaze under control, but the hold still was smoldering. The Puerto Rican court order will detain the vessel until the sugar is unloaded, then she will presumably be permitted to leave. The Streatham Hill's captain, Walter C. Whitting, said the Soviet Union had chartered the vessel for a year and the contract still has a month to go. Still In Drydock The freighter made port in San Juan last month after a hole was cut in her hull when she scraped a reef near Grand Turk Island while en route from Cuba to the Soviet Union. She is still in dry-dock. Rodriguez Moreano said he didn't learn about the ship's cargo until two days ago and went to court at once. The Streatham Hill is owned by the Acadia Overseas Freighters, Ltd. She has a crew of 44, of whom 11 are British and 33 Chinese with Hong Kong identification papers. J North Point Blvd. m

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