Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois on September 16, 1939 · 1
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Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois · 1

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Saturday, September 16, 1939
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Sp) CENTS i PAY HQ MORE! Ef0 THE THE WORLD'S GREATEST NEWSPAPER VOLUIE XCVIII. NO. 222 C tBEG. D. S. PAT. OFFICE. COPYRIGHT 1939 BY THE CHICAGO TEXBUNE.l SATURDAY. SEPTEMBER 16. 1939. 28 PAGES tsISSS8 PRICE TWO CENTS j&TOtSs tSm SI lafffe Images as French Army Advances in Saar Valley GERMAN FLYERS DRIVEN BACK AS THEYSTRAFEFOE Fight Rages Over Heads of Troops. On Other Fronts GALENTO STOPS NOYA IN 14TH; BEARS WIN, 30-21 Tony Galento stopped Lou Nova in the 14th round of their scheduled 15 round fight in the Philadelphia Municipal stadium last night. The Chicago Bears won their opening National Professional Football league game from the Cleveland Rams, 30 to 21, last night in Soldiers' field. BERLIN Germans smash way into ring of forts around Brest-Litovsk; siege of Warsaw goes on. RIGA, Latvia Warsaw defenders fight German tanks with primitive fire bombs; Lwow defies Nazi demand to surrender. LONDON British claim navy has destroyed " a number " of German submarines; thousands of tons of contraband seized; new conscripts called. PARIS, Sept. 15 OP). French war-planes were reported tonight to have defeated an undisclosed number of German planes which were bombing and strafing French troops in an effort to halt their general advance on the western front. The French and German planes clashed so low over the lines, it was said, that advancing troops almost could distinguish the faces of the pilots. Text of Army Statement. Following the aerial battle the general staff issued this communique: M We consolidated the positions conquered during the preceding days and repulsed a counterattack, inflicting losses on the enemy. "There was strong reaction from enemy artillery and his aviation on part of the front. " Our pursuit planes repulsed enemy planes delivering an attack against our first lines at a low altitude." Dive Low on Advance Lines. From the brief description of the air fighting in the communique it was apparent that German planes dived low on the French advance lines, raking them with machine gun fire and forcing them to dig for cover. French pursuit planes roared out from airdromes behind France's Maginot line and fought off the German ships. Dispatches from the front indicated German forces were retreating slowly from advance positions all along the northern flank. The Germans were reported to be using the full force of their airforce and artillery in an attempt to stop the French. At least three full Nazi divisions were reported fighting to hold the strongest advance defenses of the German Siegfried line along a 12 mile front before the great industrial city of Saarbruecken and to the east of that city. Saarbruecken's defenses hold the key to the center of the active front. French Strength Not Announced. Although there was no official information, the French were assumed to have thrown as many if not more divisions Into the fighting in this sector. The only official indication yet given on French strength was a communique which announced a week ago that one division had taken part in the conquest of the Warndt forest area alone. The area lies west of Saarbruecken. The Germans were said to be fight ing a dogged rear guard action to cover their main forces falling back toward the Siegfried line. Local counterattacks held up the French for hours until reinforcements ar- rived. The attack was stopped and the announced forward march of the French was resumed. Made Through Shell Screen. The French were said to be advanc- ing through a screen of shells laid hv German artillery on a 40 mile sector extending from the Moselle river on the extreme north, where the front touches Luxemburg, to a point two " miles beyond Saar bruecken. Dispatches from Brussels, Belgium, said the Moselle valley fighting proceeded aU day with intense bombardments. Terrific gunfire was heard at the iMxemburg frontier, where inhabi tants were annoyed by fumes from exploding shells.l The communique from the general staff indicated the French line was moving steadily toward Saarbruecken, NEWS SUMMARY of The Tribune And Historical Scrap Book. Saturday, September 16. 1939. WAR SITUATION. Armistice ends Russian-Japanese war in far east; nonaggression pact expected. Page 1. French report defeat of German air fleet in battle. Page 1. Roosevelt may attempt to repeal entire neutrality law. Page 1. German officer calls war in Poland a massacre. Page 1. Britain claims number of successes against Nazi U-boats. Page 2. DOMESTIC. Lindbergh pleads for America to stay out of war. Page 1. Aquitania, bringing 1,633 from Europe, is two days late. Page 5. Louisiana boss and four aids sent to prison for fraud. Page 7. LOCAL. Former Senator Lawrence Y. Sherman of Illinois dies in Florida. Page 1. One killed, seven hurt as drill strikes dynamite in new city water tunnel. Page 1. Creating and equipping field army would help meet America's need for. artillery. Page 5. Mayer Kelly urges party to fight to keep America out of war. Page 5. Senator Lucas promises he'll fight to keep America out of war. Page 6. Additional bond deals in McGarry's court brought to grand jury's atten tion. Pate 7. Five robbers get $3,600 pay roll at Naperville factory. Page 9. Locker room episode mars Kenil- worth day at country club. Page 18. Deaths and obituaries. Page 18. SPORTS. Phils rout Dean, 9 to 6, then Cubs win, 6 to 1. Page 15. Athletics use home run to defeat White Sox, 3 to 2. Page 16. Van Horn upsets Wayne Sabin in tennis quarter-finals. Page 17. EDITORIALS. Just a Little Bit of War?; The Fallen Pound; A Significant Election. Page 8. FEATURES. Crossword puzzle. Page 2. Book reviews. Page 10. Movie reviews. Page 1L News of society. Page 11. Looking at Hollywood. Page 1L Front Views and Profiles. Page 1L Radio programs. Page 18. Day by Day on the Farm. Page 21.' COMMERCE AND FINANCE. R. H. Cabell retires as president of Armour & Co. and G. A. Eastwood succeeds him. Pare 19. Stocks spurt in last hour after de clines. Pare 19. Wheat futures lose early strength and close with small losses. Page 19. 1940 model Plymouth and De Soto automobiles out today. Page 19. Montgomery Ward attacks validity of wage and hour law. Page 21. Want Ad index. Page 22. Continued en page, 5, column 2,1 THE WEATHER SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1939. , Chicago daylight time. J Sunrise, 6:31; sunset, 6:58. Moon sets, 8:56 p. m. Mara, Jupiter, and Saturn are night luminaries. CHICAGO AND VICINITY : Fair and contin ued warm until lata Saturday, followed by snowers ana cooler, mostly moderate south to southwest winds Saturday; Sunday gen erally lair and considerably cooler. uulijnuis: Generally lair and continued warm Saturday, except showers and cooler northwest, and extreme north by afternoon or night; local showers Saturday night or by Sunday In south portion, generally fair aunaay in norm, considerably cooler. TEMPERATURES IN CHICAGO. For 24 hours ended 8 a. m. Sept. 16: IT OUGHT TO BE EASY FOR US, THEN I CAN KEEP OUT!" 3 a.m. 4 a.m. 5 a.m. 6 a.m. 7 a.m. 8 a.m. .78 ..76 ..75 ..74 t73 .74 9 a.m.., 80 10 a.m..85 11 a.m. .92 Noon... 95 1 p.m.. .98 2 p.m.. "99 3 p.m. . 4 p.m . 5 p.m., 6 p.m. . 7 p.m.. 8 p.m.. .96 .98 .92 .94 .89 .88 9 p.m.86 10 p.m..84 11 p.m. .83 Midn't.:82 1 a.m.. 81 2 a.m.. 80 Highest. Lowest. tUnofficlal 9 p.m.-2 a.m. For 24 hours ended 7 :30 p. m.. Sept. 15: Mean temperature, 86; normal, 66; Sept excess, 136 dee.; excess since Jan. 1, 743 deg. . . Preciptation, none. Sept. deficiency, 1.51 In. Total since Jan. 1, 23.40 ins. Deficiency since Jan. 1, .91 in. Relative hunudty at 7:30 a. m., 71: 1:30 p. m., 30; 7:30 p. m.. 46. Highest wind velocity, 10 miles an hour from the southwest, at 1:08 a. m. Detailed weather table an pace 21.1 Ragweed pollen count, 37 ganules per cu. yd, w ar AGREE TO HALT I'M ON BORDER OF fi , r Copyright. 1939. by The Chicago Tribune. Lawrence Y, Sherman, L. Y. Sherman, Former Illinois Senator, Dead Lawrence Yates Sherman, wartime United States senator from Illinois and one of the men who had a leading hand in de-f e a ting ratification of the Ver- s a i 1 1 e s peace treaty, died last night in Daytona 3each, Fla., where he had made his home in recent years. He was su years old. He had been in ill health for some time. The ex-senator was a political fig ure in Illinois and in the nation for many years, in 1316 he was the state's favorite son candidate for the Republican presidential nomination. Entered Senate In 1913. Mr. Sherman entered the United States senate in March, 1913, in the place of William Lorimer, who had been elected but was unseated. Sherman was elected for the full six year term in his own right in 1915. He scon established himself in the senate as a brilliant orator, with strong convictions and a flair for caustic epigrams. It was this ability as a parliamen tarian as well as his oratorical tal ents which enabled him to help befuddle administration followers of President Wilson on several import ant legislative matters. In March, 1919, he, Senator Rob ert La Follette of Wisconsin, and Senator Joseph France of Maryland, led ; a Jlibuster intended to keep President Wilson in America for an extra session of congress and thus prevent him from returning to the European peace conference. Wilson refused to call a special session. One of the effects of the-filibuster was to block army and navy appropria tion bills. Critic and Foe of Wilson. Mr. Sherman was , an admitted critic and foe of President , Wilson, He described the .President as an " autocrat," and a " usurper ' of au thority." To Wilson, Mr. Sherman became one of "that little group of willful men, representing no opinion but their own.' Probably Mr. Sherman, reached, his NORTHWEST WIND DUE LATE TODAY TO ROUT RECORD HOT SPELL Showers and cooler winds were on the way last night from the northwest. Forecaster C A. Donnel predicted this relief would reach here late today, breaking the most severe September heat wave ever recorded in Chicago. He expects tomorrow to be much cooler. For the fourth successive day yes terday the mercury shattered records. It reached 99 degrees at 2 p. m, a record for Sept. 15 and for so late in the year. A wayward lake breeze, discernible only along the shore, prevented the mercury from going higher. Lack of appreciable rain since Aug. 23 has given northeastern Illinois a severe autumn drouth, damaging pastures, truck gardens, and stunting late corn. senatorial heights in his fight with other senators against ratification of the Versailles peace treaty because it embraced the covenant of the league of nations. The former senator was born in Miami county, 0 but moved to Illi nois with his parents in 1859. His early Illinois years were spent in and near Macomb. He began law practice there, and at 28 he became city attorney of Macomb. In 1897 he was elected to the state house of representa tives and was speaker from 1899 to 1903. In 1905 he was elected lieutenant governor. Resembled the Early Lincoln. During his early political years Mr. Sherman physically . resembled ... the beardless Abraham Lincoln of pre- civil war days, and he capitalized on his looks to the delight of newspaper cartoonists. He was . married twice. Both wives died. He left the senate in 1921 and moved to Florida in 1924. He engaged in the banking business in Daytona Beach from 1924 to 1933, when he re tired. From 1916 to 1924 he was Republican national committeeman from Illinois, and delegate at large to the national conventions of 1920 and 1924. Hit Dynamite in Tunnel; One Killed, 7 Hurt WAR PICTURES. ' Turn to the back page for the latest pictures of the German invasion of Poland. Most of them were brought to America by plane and sent to Chicago by Associated Press wirephoto. Also on the back page two diagrammatic sketches of a submarine. One worker was fatally injured and seven others were hurt seriously in a dynamite explosion early today in a water tunnel under construction 185 feet below the surface at Stewart ave nue and 90th street. Twenty-three men were in the shaft at the time. In addition to the eight who were taken to hospitals, several suffered minor cuts or shock, but did not require hospital aid. Anton Tro-her, 42 years old, 3005 South Spring field avenue, the foreman, died soon after the blast. The tunnel, a city project, is 14 to 18 feet in diameter, and runs south from 75th street. Drilling and blasting has been going on for some time. The tunnel entrance is at 85th street and Stewart avenue. Drill Strikes Explosive. There was a freak touch to the ex plosion. In some manner a stick of dynamite, used for blasting, fell into a section where drillers were working. John Benning, 38, colored, 3638 Ellis parkway, one of the drillers, struck the explosive with his drill. There was an Immediate blast that shook the tunnel, and hurled the work ers to the ground. Troher, nearest the dynamite, suffered most. Benning, next nearest, was protected by the heavy drill. Fortunately there was little inflam mable . material in the shaft. Other wise, according to firemen, the ex plosion might have resulted in heavy loss of life. There were no heavy loss of life. Summon Inhalator Squads. Workers ran to the entrance at 85th street, and called for help. Police ambulances and fire depart ment inhalator squads hurried to the scene, and removed the eight injured men. They were taken to St. George': and St. Bernard's hospitals; The Rev. William Gorman, fire department chaplain, administered extreme unc tion to those who appeared more dangerously hurt. : The injured are: Howard Parrish, 1754 North Washtenaw avenue; Ed ward Haas, 7355 South Morgan street; John Englic, 2522 South Trum bull, avenue; Otto Halbe, 10652 Ave nue B; John Crenshaw, colored, 538 East 41st street; John Thomason, 6548 South Peoria street, and the driller, Benning." Charles F. Harris, the junior engineer in charge of the shift at the time of the explosion, was not hurt. ANCHUUO Keep America PRESIDENT MAY Out of War, Is m.,m,m . ... LindberghPlea II" IU U NEUTRALITY ACT Chicago Tribune Press Service. Washington, D. C, Sept. 15. CoL Charles A. Lindbergh, noted flyer, to night broke a I long self-imposed Nonaggression Pact Expected Soon. MOSCOW. Sept. 15 (). Soviet Rus sia and Japan today agreed to an armistice in their vestpocket war on the Manchukuan outer Mongolian border. Diplomatic quarters saw the greement as a possible forerunner to a nonaggression pact. The agreement to end hostilities on the rrontier Detween Japanese dominated Manchukuo and sovietized outer Mongolia was announced by Tass, soviet official news agency. Jap-anese-Manchukuan and soviet-Mon golian forces have been fighting intermittently on the disputed frontier since May 11. Troops Hold Positions. The announcement said the armi stice would begin at 2 p. m. 16 a. m. Chicago daylight saving time tomor row. The respective forces, under the agreement, will maintain the po sitions they held at 1 p. m. today. A commission of two Japanese- Manchukuan and two soviet-Mongoli an representatives will be organized to establish a frontier line, The agreement was reached in ne- otiations between Shigenori Togo, Japanese ambassador to Moscow, and Vyacheslav Molotov, soviet premier and foreign commissar. Shortly after the agreement was made public the appointment of Con- stantin Smetanin as soviet ambassador to Tokio was announced. Sme tanin has been serving as charge d'etifaires in Tokio, where Russia has been without an ambassador since June 5, 1938, when Mikhail Mikhailo- vitch Slavutsky went back to Moscow, Nonaggression Pact Expected. One quarter, unofficial but usually reliable, expressed belief that a non aggression pact between the two na tions already had been signed and might be announced tomorrow. Ever since the signing of the Ger man-soviet nonaggression pact on Aug. 24, Germany has been trying to nromote a reconciliation between Moscow and Tokio. The signing of a nonaggression pact between Russia and Japan would be considered another diplomatic tri umph for Fuehrer Hitler. There have been intense efforts among Nazi officials to stave off what was feared might be British efforts toward some understanding with Japan. ' 1 . V May Be Blow to China, Patching up of the Russian-Jap anese auarrei nroDaDiy win nave a tremendous ' effect upon Japan's campaign in China. The Soviets have been more or less openly supporting the Chinese with materials. A Russo-Japanese agreement also is expected to deal a blow at the Brit ish foothold in Asia and might possi bly affect American interests in the far east, observers here said. . Japanese troops garrisoned in Man chukuo have had repeated border clashes with soviet-Mongolian troops along the winding 1,000 mile frontier. Rpnorts of these skirmishes have been vague except for occasional com muniques from Moscow or Tokio or dispatches from the isolated front by neutral correspondents. Some of the engagements were re ported so extensive that planes, tanks and mechanized forces took part Bombing raids were engaged in by both sides. . Soviet-Turkish Ties Improve. ISTANBUL, Turkey, Sept, 15. The uncertainty and anxiety in ' Ankara about the possible bearing the Rus- sian-German nonaggression pact might have on Turkish-soviet rela tions seem to have disappeared. It is believed the Russians informed the Turks they; are just as anxious as the Turks are to prevent, trouble in the Balkans and the Black sea area, and, . that if , aggression . took place against any Balkan nation they the Soviets would oppose it. rule of silence to make a plea that goun J Qut FOCS Of Col. Lindbergh. of war. If we enter fighting for democracy abroad, we may end by losing it I at h o m e," he warned. Although the n e u t r ality act was not mentioned specifically, Lindb ergh's speech, which was broadcast over the three major networks, was regarded as a strong appeal for its retention. He thereby set himself against1 the pol icies of President Roosevelt, who has summoned a special session of con gress for revision of neutrality legis lation. His Active Service Ended, r Lindbergh, who has inspected the armed machines of European powers, was recalled to active service here by the administration five months ago to publicize the national defense expansion program. Only yesterday he ended his active service and was relieved from duty by the war depart ment. He would not have been in a position to criticize the administra tion while still on active duty. It was the flyer's reports on the strength of the Nazi air force which surprised the world and led directly to the 300 million dollar air expan sion program in this country. If we take part successfully,' Lindbergh said, in pleading for strict neutrality, "we must throw the re sources of our entire nation into the conflict. Munitions alone will not be enough. We cannot count on victory merely by shipping abroad several thousand airplanes and cannon." Echoes Warning of Others. In those words he echoed the warn- Embargo Repeal. BY CHESLY MANLY. Chicago Tribune Press Service. Washington, D. C, Sept. 15. There are increasing indications in Wash ington that the Roosevelt administration has abandoned the so-called cash and carry scheme for revision of the embargo against shipment of arms to nations engaged in war and will seek outright repeal of the neu trality act when congress convenes in special session next Thursday. Such action not only would accom plish the administration's declared purpose of supplying munitions to the Anglo-French alliance but also would permit those countries to obtain credit for their purchases in the United States in circumvention of the Johnson act, which prohibits loans to war debtor nations. Faces Same Opposition. The neutrality and noninterven tion advocates in congress say they will oppose repeal of the whole neutrality act just as vigorously as they would oppose substitution of the cash, and carry scheme, for its embargo on shipments of arms, ammunition and implements of war to belligerents. .' Senator William E. Borah, LR. Ida ho, leader of the nonintervention-ists,. declared in a radio address last night that repeal of the law unde? the present circumstances would be unneutral and that repeal as part of an announced plan to supply arms to one side while withholding them from the other would constitute intervention in the European war. Senator Borah received more than 3,000 telegrams in response to his speech proclaiming that the only issue presented by President Roose velt's DroDOsal to rerteal the arms ing of nationally minded statesmen embarg0 whether the United States that revision of neutrality legislation is the first step toward America's en trance into war. In setting himself against the President, Lindbergh asserted that the people of this nation must not be misled by foreign propaganda into believing that our frontiers lie in Europe. This was interpreted as a direct reference to Mr. Roosevelt's purported declaration last spring at a ioint meeting with members of the senate and house military affairs committees that America's first line of defense is the Rhine. Calls Oceans Our Frontiers. One need only look at a map to see where our true frontiers lie, Lindbergh " continued. " What more could we ask than the Atlantic, on the east and the Pacific on the west? No, our interests in Europe need not be from the standpoint of defense Our own : natural frontiers are enough for that. . " If we extend them to the cen ter of Europe, we might as well ex tend them around the earth. An ocean is a formidable barrier, even for modern aircraft.' Lindbergh declared that the pres ent war in Europe is not one in which civilization is defending Itself, as propagandists would have American people believe, but simply one more of the age old quarrels arising within the European family of na tions, The latest struggle, he said, makes it necessary for America to make the . Continued on page 2, column 2. GERMANY JAILS SOAP HOARDER 18 MONTHS; . FIRST CONVICTION ' rt! mvragm met paid circulation AUGUST. 1 939 DAILY xcs ml 950,000 THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE BERLIN, Sept. 15 (ff). The first conviction under wartime regulations government. against ' hoarding of staples was re ported today from Hamburg. Tried in Summary court on charges of hoarding soap and other laundry articles valued at 70 marks about $28, .Gustav Schmidt,', 53 years, was sentenced to 18 months imprison ment. . . , is ready to enter the European war. Few Disagree with Him. The first 500 telegrams examined by the senator contained only three that were unfavorable to his stand. On this basis his office force estimated that the total of more than 3,000 were favorable in a ratio of more than 100 to L They came from all sections of the country, the south having the smallest representation. It was learned today that some of the congressional leaders of the nonintervention forces have been approached by administration emissaries and asked whether they would support outright repeal of the neu trality act, as an alternative to the cash and carry scheme proposed by the administration at the last session. ' Under the cash" and carry plan. American munitions would be sold to all warring nations which could pay cash for them provided they were not transported on American ships. If the neutrality act were repealed. American vessels could transport was munitions and the purchasing nations could make their own credit arrangements with the American manufacturers. Favor Britain and France. Administration supporters concede that either plan would f avo? Great Britain and France, since the British blockade would prevent any American munitions from reaching Germany. -.. Administration supporters argue, however, that a more plausible ap, pearance of neutrality can be maintained for outright repeal of the law. than for the cash and carry scheme, which they concede is designed patently for the benefit of the 'nations controlling the seas. Repeal of the law would permit circumvention of the Johnson: act because ' that statute applies only to loans by the United States govern- ment to nations that are in default on their debts to the United States ": RFC Could Lend Money. ' Jesse H. Jones, federal loan administrator, has asserted tha Johnson act would not prevent the Reco3-' struction Finance corporation or the ; Export Import ' bank from making loans to American manufacturers for the purpose of financing exports of tern, everv German receives one stick munitions or anything else. The loass of shaving . soap every five months he said, would be extend-and about miartpr-nound of laun-1 ed to the American manufacturers dry soap a month. - laaA not to the foreign governments

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