The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 26, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, June 26, 1953
Page 1
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BtYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTBCAOT ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 83 Blythevlllc Dally Newt Mlssinlppl Valley 1 Blythevilli Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JUNE 26, 1953 TWELVE PAGES Big Fight On EPT Looming Bruising House Floor Battle in Store WASHINGTON ( A P ) ) — Tilt Eisenhower administration headed today into a bruising House floor battle over extension of the excess profits tax — after triumphantly smashing a committee blockade against the bill.. Under strongest administration pressure, the House Rules Committee decided last night to bypass the tax writing House Ways and Means Committee and force an extension bill directly to the House floor. The voice vote was reported to have been 7 to 4, with Democrats solidly opposing the move. It was the first victory in a long, bitter fight by the administration to extend the tax — now due to expire Tuesday — for six more months. The rules committee acted in the face of cries from Chairman Daniel Reed (R-NY) of the ways and means committee that the 'move "was unconstitutional and unprecedented and was destroying "the very foundations of our legislative system." At one point, Reed voiced a veiled threat to resign from the House, in which he has served 35 years. But Republican Leader Halleck of .Indiana argued that Reed was frustrating the will of the President, the will of the House and the will of the people by calling off all ways and means committee meetings to block action. Only Way Left The admittedly drastic maneuver to bypass the tax committee was the only -way left to get acton, Halleck insisted. It was not clear immediately when the showdown in the House Would come. Speaker Joseph W. Martin (R-Mass) indicated it might Monday. The administration SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENT1 NAME WITHDRAWN — Violent opposition from senators killed President Eisenhower's nomination of Tom Lyon (above), 65, to head the U.S. Bureau of Mines. Secretary of Interior McKay asked the President to withdraw the name from the Senate after Lyon himself requested he no longer be considered for the job. (AP •Wirephoto) Inside Today's Courier News . . . Lions beat Shrine in Little League . . . Indians get another chance to make race of it. . . Sports . . . Pare 6. ... On Missco Farms by County Agent Keith Bilbrey . . . farm news . . . Page 9. .. Citizens in sad position on utility rate increases.. .editorials ...Page 8. Highway Group be braced for a storm of hot protests, even more against the procedure involved than against the tax itself. The first vote of the House will come on approving the procedure. Should the administration lose, the bill again would be blocked. House GOP leaders said they were confident that when the chips were down, they would win. Reed said he would not concede that a majority of the House "will endorse this unprecedented grab for power on the part of the rules committee." Normally, the rifles committee clears a bill for House action only after it has been approved by a legislative committee. Hnlleck insisted there were precedents for the bypassing, but this was sharply disputed by ways and means members. Reed said that since 1806 every revenue bill by law has had to be cleared and started through Congress by the committee he now heads. Rep. Jenkins <R-Ohio) told the rules committee that, un.S^r the procedure now adopted, "We won't need anybody else but you." May Wait Speaker Martin told reporters he still hoped the ways and means committee would decide itself to turn out a tax extension bill. He added he would be willing to wait until as late as Wednesday before forcing a floor test, if there were any signs the tax committee might ct. One influential Republican ways See TAXES on Page 5 To Decide If State Will Aid Crittenden In Salvage Fight By I.EON HATCH LITTLE ROCK t<B—The Arkansas Highway Commission probably will decide this afternoon on whether to aid Crittenden County in a legal fight over proposed dismantling of the old Harahan Bridge across the Mississippi Riv- r. Chairman Raymond Orr said the Commission also will discuss this afternoon a resolution asking that the Commission retreat from its policy of giving priority for construction to areas where rights- of-way are furnished without cost the state. The resolution was offered by the Arkansas County Judge Association. The Commission chairman made both statements to Crittenden County Judge W. K. Ingram, who is president of the County Judges Association. Ingram headed a delegation Asks Ike Get Tough With Foes Wiley Lashes Out at Policy Saboteurs NEW YORK (AP) — Sen Wiley (R-Wis.) today urged President Eisenhower to deal bluntly with Republical "saboteurs" of his foreign policies. The chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, in speech prepared for the United States Trade Mark Association, said he wants the GOP administration to encourage teamwork on foreign policy "rather than to idly permit and fail to discourage irresponsibility." Wiley said he wasn't suggesting that members of Congress follow the administration "slavishly" but was calling for "a greater sense of teamwork." "It will do no good if the Republican party is simply listed in its policy statements and resolutions sn behalf of the administration's 'oreign policy if a sizeable group in that party is effectively toying lo sabotage those, policies," he declared. * Wiley mentioned no names in :his connection, but he said Eisenhower "knows saboteurs and malcontents and goldbricks when he sees them." "Superhuman" Effort He said he thinks Eisenhower is making "a superb, superhuman effort to try to bring differing viewpoints together and to create a greater sense of teamwork." "He does not want existing fric- :ions to grow still worse and ex- sting divisions to expand into wide open gulfs," Wiley, said, "he is seeking sound compromises whenever nece ry a.^d without jeopardizing principles." But he said the administration ught to ignore splits over foreign policy and ought nol to "regarc heir provokers complacently." Wiley cited Sen. Taft (R-Ohio) a« a man he said "will never be gagged" but who has made many aerifies ;-,i team pUy. *-"•"• The Wisconsin senator com. Crops Critical; Rain Unlikely Cotton, Beans Hard Hit by Long Dry Spell The weatherman held out his usual faint promise of rain today as- Mississippi County and the rest of central United States headed into a second drought in as many years. GIRL HURT IN WRECK HERE — Sharon Gill, this morning. Examined at Walls Hospital, she was 7, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James Gill of Blythe- found to have suffered a fracture of the left arm near ville, is shown as she was removed from a car which the shoulder and was sent to Campbell's Clinic in collided with a jeep at Ninth and Adams Streets late Memphis. Four Blytheville boys who were thrown from the Jeep when it overturned were being examined at Walls Hospital early this afternoon and no report on their injuries was expected until later today. Police identified the boys as Don Copeland ,14, son of Mr. and s. Fred Copeland; Thomas Shelton, 15, of 707 Jamison; Jack Renfro, 12, son of Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Renfro; and Bobbie Gordon, East Walnut Street. Officers J. R. Gunter and Bert Ross reported that a car driven by Mrs. Gill collided with a jeep driven by Don Copeland. Also in the car with Mrs. Gill was her niece, Carolyn Brittain. Neither. was hurt. The Gill car left the street and struck a corner of the home of Mr. and Mrs. Chester Johnston. The Johnstons are on vacation and no one was in the house, neighbors reported. Both the car and the jeep were heavily damaged. ilained that some of those riticized his opposition Jricker amendment to who to the restricl reaty-making powers had been verly violent. No Rush He said nobody is going to be ble to rush the Bricker proposal hrough the Senate. It has been pproved by the Senate Judiciary i Committee over the objections of the President and Secretary of State Dulles. Sen. Knowland (R- Calif), acting GOP leader, has said it will be taken up this session. Turning to international affairs, from his County seeking specific improvements and asked abou the status of the other two mat ters after he had finished the pres entation. Crittenden County, on one hand and the City of Memphis and the United States government, on the other, are involved in a legal dis pute over whether the old Kara han Bridge, no wreplaced by newer structure, should be re moved. The bridge spans the Mis sissippi River between Memphi; | and West Memphis, Ark. Wiley "quit called on U. cringing and B. allies to quit talking Agreement Made On Aid Measure By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower has endorsed a proposal by Sen. Taft (R-Ohio) to compromise a House move aimed at withholding a billion dollars in foreign aid until Western Europe agrees on a unified army. Taft has proposed that the President be given discretion to withhold these funds or spend them. Eisenhower was reported to have spoken up at a White House meeting yesterday in favor of this method. The House voted to tie down the aid funds until all six Western European nations affected ratify the European Defense Community (EDO treaties, which would create an international army. Only West Germany has voted ratification so far, with France among the five nations yet to approve. Supports Taft Observing that he couldn't go along with the House action. Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, the Democratic leader, said in an interview he intends to support the Taft compromise. "What Taft has proposed Is the intelligent thing to do," Johnson said. "I am sure most of the Democrats will back the Taft amendment." Senate leaders got a report on .the Korean truce crisis at yesterday's While House o 'fercnce, during which Elsenhower wa« re- ported to have expressed willingness to send any U. S. official to confer with South Korea's President Syngman Rhee on truce terms. No Visit Planned There was no indication the President was thinking of going himself to the Far East. Rather, speculation was that either Secretary of State Dulles or Vice President Nixon might be available for the role of peacemaker with Rhee. The 78-year-old Korean Leader has dramatized his opposition to terms of a proposed truce with the Communists by turning loose thousands of anti-Red North Korean war piisoners. Furthermore, he, threatens to continue the fighting . It was not clear whether Walter S. Robertson, sent, to Korea '«s a special U. S. envoy to confer with Rhee, carried a message from Eisenhower proposing a high level discussion. But it was said by some of those present at the White House luncheon that Eisenhower believes such a meeting, if held, should take phce away from Korea, possibly Japan or Okinawa. I appeasement." He urged that they join in a series of demands on Russia. The foreign relations chairman said that rioting in East Berlin, Czechoslovakia. Poland and .elsewhere behind the Iron Curtain has given the Western Allies an opportunity to take advantage of Russian weakness. Wiley said the Allies should demand that Russia get out of Southeast Asia, withdraw from Germany, disband satellite armies, sign an Austrian peace, set Poland free and conclude an "irrevocable armistice" in Korea. Two Blythe vii!e Contractors Get Levee Contracts Truce Hopes Rise Following Session BJ[ J ROBEKT B. TUCKMAN : _ - .SBG.ULj Sillirday (AP S , — jKUident Eisenhower's truce trouble-shooter meets again this afternoon .with President Syngman Rhee after disclosing in secret what the stubborn South Korean executive called "good ideas" on the Korean truce crisis. -— .—.— _—— .—.—_ + India Wants U. N. Session on Korea By STANLEY JOHNSON UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — Ovtr strong U. S. opposition, India tried today to line up support from a majority of the 60 United Nations for an immediate U. N. General Assembly session on the Korean truce huddle. soldier's opinion is valuable, but he should not be asked to decide difficult political questions." Two Blythevillc le contractors have Indian Prime Minister Nehru :old newsmen in Cairo it was time for the U. N. to "make it perfectly clear that the U. N. Command is naster of the situation and nobody else — not President Syngman Rhee."» Many diplomats here agreed, however, that the U. S. opposition would prevent any Assembly meet- ng until the Americans are ready "or it. Some observers speculated that Nehru's call for the session, made n a cable yesterday to Assembly "•resident Lester B. Pearson of 'anada, was the Premier's way of pressuring Rhee to agree to a Ko- 'ean armistice. 2 U. N. Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold was flying to Ot- awa today and was to discuss Nehru's message with Pearson. An Assembly resolution in Apri received contracts for levee and directed Pearson to call the group drainage work in Mississippi Coun-1 ba ck into session after an armi- ty and in Carroll County, Tenn.. A contract in the amount of $106,500 was awarded S. J. Cohen Construction Co. by the Memphis District of the Corps of Engineers for about 480,000 cubic yards of levee enlargement near Huffman. Norman-Horn Constructioi. Co. received a contract for $15.000 for cleaning out Crooked Creek near i seeks. slice or whenever a majority of the nations agreed Korean developments required a meeting. Chief U. S. Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., told newsmen, however, he could imagine nothing more likely to prejudice current U. S. efforts toward an armistice than the Assembly meeting Nehru Huntingdon, Tenn. A $33,000 contract for placing 100,000 cubic yards of earthwork in levee enlargement near Carutners- ville went to Forcum-James Co. of Dyersburg. No Reds Bishop Soys PHILADELPHIA (/P) — Methodist Officials in Washington also said they did not feel an Assembly session would be useful at a time when the Korean situation was so fluid. The U. S., they added, does not concede the truce efforts have broken down. Britain's U. N. delegation said It felt nothing like a special session should occur until after President Eisenhower has had every opportunity to bring Rhee around or Bishop G. Bromley oxnam said the j otherwise work out the stalemated charge that the church has been nfiltrated by Communists "is the •efuge of scoundrels. "I challenge the critics of the ihurch," Oxnam declared, "to name me clergyman who holds a position if large responsibility In any Pro- estant church who Is a member of he Communist party." CL Index Up WASHINGTON — The government's "old" cost.-nf-living- Index, howed & slight increase today for >fay, not enough to bring a wage ncrease for 1,250,000 railway work- rs. The Increase wns three-tenths of ne per cent over Uie April lev*!. truce. The text of Nehru's cable was not made public, but India's chief U. N. delegate Rajeshwnr Dayal told newsmen his Premier messaged he thinks "the time Is ripe" for the Assembly to step In. In Cairo, where Nehru Is visiting Egyptian President Mohammed Nagulb on his way home from the coronation of Queen Elizabeth n, the Indian Prime Minister told a news conference that the questions raised by Rhee's actions constituted "too great a burden to be c»«t on the U. N. Command — they are soldiers after all." $8,000 Awarded In Road Suits County Ordered To Pay Number Nine Road Landowners Nine cases Involving payment for damages incurred during county acquirement of rights-of-way for construction and improvement on state roads last year were settled in a special Circuit Court hearing this week by Judge Charles Light of Paragould. Resulting In settlement of claims totaling some S8.350, all but one case concerned suits which followed condemnation proceedings prior to work on Number Nine road in September, 1952. One case, seeking payment .for right-of-way on State Highway T near Manila, resulted in judgment the amount of $2,133.40 for Charles Ratz, et al. Amounts Set The suits brought by landowners on Number Nine road, incorporated into a single decision, set the to! lowing amounts for damages; K. W. Chapman, et al, $1,237.00; Mrs. W A. Stickmon, et al, $1,806.58; Lettle Bdnch Ivy, $67.70; Huey Bunch, $633.30; Dee Bunch, $114.80; Dollle Bunch Mulllns, $304.85; D. B Abbott, et al, $707.08, and B. A. Bllgg, S756.12. The-county was ordered to paj interest of 6 per cent on the amounts, dating from last September. In other action prior to closing of the Circuit Court civil session here yesterday, a settlement was made In a dispute over the estate of Dr. W. A. Grlmmett. President Hits Zealots LOS ANGELES I/Pi — President Elsenhower, In a letter read today to the American Library Association criticized "zealots" who would deny "freedom's friends the opportunity of studyiiiR Communism "These tire hltth political fines- • in Its entirety — IU plausibilities, Uoiw," Nehru continued, "and tb« I iu lalsltlei, iu weaknessai," Their first face to face talk yes. terday—two hours and 45 minutes- produced hope for closing the deep U. s.-South Korea rift on armistice terms. Walter S. Robertson, assistant U. S. secretary of state, delivered secret message from ecretary of State John poster Dulles and personal word from Eisenhower, presumably disclosing new possibilities to ease South Korea's bitttr opposition to a truce. After the meeting Rhee said: "Mr. Robertson has brought good ideas and our mutual understanding ifi being greatly improved." Progress Robertson told newsmen: "We hope \ve are making progress in removing misunderstandings." The Korean Public Information Office quojed Rhee as saying the discussions had been "very good" and that an understanding might be reached. Beyond that, there were no Indication of how much they had eased the crisis created by Rhee's insistence on drastic revision of the armistice terms—all but signed by the U. N. Command and the Communists after nearly two years of hard bargaining. Robertson was accompanied to the Rhee talks by U. S. Ambassador to Korea Ellis O. Briggs. After leading him into a spacious conference room, Rhee said: "The Korean people are happy to welcome you . . . You are here at a very critical moment. I hope we could manage some ow to come to some agreeable arrangement while you are here. A hearty welcome to you, sir." Robertson responded: "It's a great pleasure to be here and I am honored to have the opportunity of meeting you. I i bringing greetings and messages from two of your very good friends in AMA—the President of the United States and Secretary of State, Mr. John Foster Dulles.' While the exchange ,of greetings was being recorded by television cameras , a news photographer asked Rhee and Robertson to stand closer together. "The closer we can get together the better," said Robertson. Rhee replied "Yes, we must stay close together." Just before the conference, Rhcfc released written replies to questions from the Associated Press. Asked lo list his "minimum con- See TRUCK on Pajre 5 The weatherman maintained that only scattered and local thundershowers, much the same as that which fell on Blytheville at noon today, are in store. And these, he said, will be few. County Agent Keith Bilbrey said this morning 20 per cent of the county's cotton acreage is normal, while 50 per cent is now five weeks late. Twenty more per cent Is very late, and 10 per cent of the cotton has never come up, he reported. Approximately half of that which has come up Is a "poor stand," Mr. Bilbrey said. Plantations in this area which have ordered and signed contracts with Mexican labor for chopping, anticipating record cotton acreage, now find May rains and the ensuing drought has reduced chopping needs to the lowest requirements many cnn remember. Prospects Poor "We now have the poorest prospects for total yield than We have ever had in this area," Mr. Bilbrey told the Courier News. There are still hopes, he said, that the year will better 1930, and that County apparently are worse than in that year. Conditions in South Mississippi County appaently are worse than in North Missco, it was reported. County Agent D. V. Maloch at Osceola said Wednesday that one third of the land in South Missco had no crop on it. Also, the county's 21,000 acre wheat crop has been harvested and no crop replanted. Drought is delaying plant growth and this may be worse than the same amount of dry weather would be at a later date, Mr. Bilbrey said. Any delaying action now is bad because the crop is so very late, he said. Beans Dying Soybeans are reported dying in light sand and "sand blows." A check on planters in the county has shown that many sharecroppers have left land due to the light crop. Some cutting off of "furnish" to workers has occurred also. A widespread outbreak of yellow striped army worms has contributed to the cut in cotton, corn and soybeans. Heavy decrease in numbers haJ been noted in the past few days by commercial insecticide dealers and the county agent's office, it was re- Seo WEATHER' on Page 5 New Puppet Rulers For East Germany By TOM REEDY BERLIN (AP) — East Germany's Russian puppet regime set up what looked like a substitute government today to speed sweeping reforms obviously designed to forestall further workers' rebellion against communism. With apparent Soviet approval- perhaps given him as a last chance to survive—the East zone's satel- ite Prime Minister Otto Grotewohl announced formation of a special 'operative commission" with full lower to initiate and drive through measures designed to cool the tires of revolt by improving the lot of he common man. The commision's job—the Reds said its makeup and size were still being worked out—was in effect o spin East Germany's wretched iconomy hack towards capitalism. Preliminary plans made public by the Grotewohl Cabinet last night spelled the final collapse of ,he all-out communism drive that started last summer and rolled ahead relentlessly until it bumped squarely into the June 17 rebel- ion. Orders The Cabinet ordered the commission to: 1. Strip the government's re- ierve shelves bare of food and lothing, throwing everything avail- shelves. The Russians commandeered additional .supplies from the Soviet Union, Poland and Czechoslovakia to appease the Germans. Gen. Vincenz Mueller, former Nazi officer who now is chief of staff of the 125,000-man East German army, was reported to have confessed to the Russians that his force cnuld not be relied on In any serious future situation. Military Might The Russian army continued to impose its martial law in the East zone and in East Berlin with nightly curfews and Soviet military might in open profusion for an incipient rebel to see and ponder. Security Police Chief Wilhelm Zalsser totaled up the grim toll of June 17 and reported his men killed 18 rioters and two civilian bystanders during the riots. He said four of his men were murdered. His report—which far understated casualties already published in Communist newspapers—did not make clear whether these figures able onto the retail consumer I look in thc seven wounded who 13,000 Chinese In New Attack SEOUL UP) — At least 13,00 Chinese Reds hit Allied lines on both ends of the Korean battlefront today, but hnrd-fljjhtlnR South Koreans hurled back most of 10,000 Communists who attacked eight stiatenlc outposts in the west. U. s. Sabre Jets shot down two loinmunlsl MIO jcus and dnm^ed one In nlr battles over North. Korea this afternoon, I market. This wipes out the tra- itional Communist "state planning" system.' 2. Slush appropriations for war. potential heavy Industry by almost half, and use the recouped government money for workers' housing, health and welfare improvements. 3. Junk the crop, livestock and food quotas which have forced ninny farmers out of business, compelled some of the best of them to flee to the West and burned deep fires of resentment throughout the agricultural belt. Reductions on delivery of cattle, milk, eggs, potatoes and other farm products ranged up to 25 per cent, depending on the size of the farm. 4. Increase old age pensions and sick benefits. 5. Raise wages for workers who voluntarily hike their production, abolishing the speed-up tactics of the old compulsory work quotas. Party boss Walter ulbrlcht stuck to his Red doctrine of expediency even while bending all his energy to bring about a swing to thc right. He said Lenin did the same thing In the early days of the Soviet. Union when private enterprise wn.s needed to keep Russia from collapse. Farms Hestorerl . Lesser Communist officials escaped to West Berlin and died. At least 29 other Germans are known to have been executed by Soviet firing squads. Veterinarian Opens Office Here Dr. Michael Samuchln, graduate licensed veterinarian, announced today that he has set up offices at 1020 North Highway 61 and will conduct a practice in Blytheville and surrounding area. Both small and large animal practice will be included in services to be offered, according to Dr. Samuchin. Weather throughout the zone meanwhile made a modest start toward restoring farms to original owners, brutally dispossessed by collect!- vzaton methods. They also gave back a number of small plants to private enterprise. As an opening gambit In the drive to reach workers' hrough their long-denied stom ichs, the Reds threw 25,000 tons f meat, 54,000 tons of Hour nncl 9,000 tons of sugar onto the store ARKANSAS — Clear to partly cloudy and continued warm this afternoon, tonight and Saturday. Widely scattered ' afternoon and evening thundershowers. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy tonight and Saturday with scattered tlumdershowers southeast this afternoon or evening; continued cool tonight and turning warmer Saturday; low tonight 55 extreme northeast to 60s elsewhere; high Saturday 85-95. Maximum yesterday—97. Minimum ' yesterday morning— 16. Sunrise tomorrow—4:48. Sunset today—7:17. Me>m (mlriway between hlRl) and low)—86.5. Normal menn /or June—77.5. Precip. last 24 hour (fi:30 p.m, to hearts 6.30 p.m.1—none. I'reclp. Jim, 1 to rlnte— 30A3. Tills Date I..1SI. Year Minimum thin morning;—77, Maximum yesterday—102. Precip. J«n. 1 M <tot*~M.4». dtton

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