Hartford Courant from Hartford, Connecticut on July 2, 1933 · 42
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Hartford Courant from Hartford, Connecticut · 42

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G D THE HARTFORD DAILY COURANT: SUNDAY, JULY 2, 1933. The World of Fiction, Fact and Fancy Book Reviews Book Reviews Book Reviews by Elizabeth N. Case Biography That Reveals Two Distant Peoples Story of Crevecoeur Is Moving: and Tragic Eighteenth Century Epic of Franco-American Relations Which Strikes Strangely Modern Note A Chapter in History of Ideas o L Cultivnteur Americain, Etude , study of the visit of Crevecoeur to sur 1'oeHvre de Saint John de Creve- J France from 1781 to 1783, his hero roeur. par Howard C Rice Pans. I jfi thfi one man wnQ expIajns Looming Money Problem Three Fascinating Books For Arm Chair Travelers Hendrik van Loon Tells How to See Holland; Andre Siegfried Gives His Impressions of. South America, and Mary Berenson pescribes a Modern Pilgrimage New Englander's 18th Century Study Wins High Honors His Letters Are Flashing Sketches Of South America Subject Of Three Studies Professor Frederick Soddy, Joel Carter Bonine and Professor Irving Fisher Approach Vexatious ' Question From Wridely Differing Angles in Timely Works if f nuc'Tl'"',': ine mix poim ii . i:u t" image, n miuuoi u. the French Eighteenth Century that Howard Rice confided to the writer ui iac uu ii posing a dook apoui wie me u works of one of the most interest ing characters of early American historv, the Franco-American farmer 9aint John de Crevecoeur, born Saint Jean de Crevecoeur in Normandy (1735 and known in America as "John Hector Saint-John. Tragedy Life. Three years of work and thought, research "in the National Library of Paris. British Museum. New York, Boston and Harvard libraries and some others, archives of the French Ministrv of Foreign Affairs, archives of the Saint-John family, and the book appeared; not only a clear and condensed biography, packed with tragedy, also a rich crop of interesting details about the life of the hero and his fellow-settlers, and the making of early American history. No romance; the latter grows naturally from the facts told in all their" original simplicity. Arrived In 1755. What could be more romantic than the life of this young French nobleman who comes at the age of twenty, in 1755, to join the French troops in Canada. Four years later, wounded, he leaves the army, and starts a life of travel and exploration through the American continent, from New Hampshire to Virginia, and from the Mississippi to the Great Lakes. At the age of 35 he marries an American girl, buys land near West Point, and farms for ten vears. Called to France to settle an estate and seeking .a ship, he is thrown, as suspect, into prison in New York. After several months in jail and nearlv two years of his life wasted, he finally reaches his native country, is introduced into the literary salons, among the writers and philosophers, is lionized as the strange new-comer from a mysterious country. After two years, made a consul of His French Majesty, he reaches New Yo:k on the eve of the triumphal entrance of George Washington, only to hear that his farm is burnt, his wife dead, and that his children have disappeared. Then begins a most active life devoted to his official duties until the French Revolution renders his position impossible, and the final return to France where he can reflect upon the deeds of his well-filled career and the foolishness and injustice of msn. until the time of the great final rest at the age of 78. A Book Full of Interest Mr. Rice's book is bound to interest the American lovers of history and more especially New Englanders who have the right to be proud of the author. Howard Rice is from Brattleboro, Vt. His book was rewarded by the Degree of Doctor of the University of Paris, "cum laude" and furthermore was adopted to take a place in the "Bibliotheque de Litterature Comparee," the interesting series directed by Professor Bal-densperger and Hazard which fact vouches for its historical value, and as soon as the author has retranslated his work in English, it will undoubtedly take an honorable place ; among Americana. Has Remarkable Qualities. The hook is written in French of I a remarkable quality, well composed, well balanced, full of interesting interpretation and personal ideas. Mr. Rice who is a linguist, knows not only his own country, but also England. France, and Germany, and therefore could adapt himself to his hero, the philosopher Crevecoeur, a French soldier snocked by the injustice of wars, a writer, farmer, artist, lover of nature and mankind. This seems to me an outstanding quality of the book, the identification of the author with his hero, the complete understanding by a young cosmopolitan writer of Brattleboro in 1933 of the cosmopolitan Franco-American farmer of 1780- who christened in Vermont the villages of Vergennes and Danville whieh should be really d'F.nville) and for whom the town of Saint Johnsbury was nand. More Than Biography. Mr. Rice's book is not intended to be a mere biographv. but a chapter in the history of idras. One uf the good qualities of the book is to nave i-onuensea me uioeraphv with out omitting any of the important ana moaern. mannsrrinis text, with bibliography, index and 7 plates. REVIEWED BY RENE CHERL'Y. Versailles. Trianon, Marie-Antoinette's Hermitage, the trees tinder which the queen used to play, and iu Keii in a ser.es j ana eniertflinms on its .smooth sur Of extreme v clear nnrt 'pU.h1,!.1,ri ! tu,.u ,i,,,n.. ... ... chapters a compu te view of the ! ironic force iu his closing para-jdeas of the tune, literary, philosopiu (graph Mr. White writes: "The hone ic economic and humanitarian, ! I see for the world is to simplify and of the characters of that j life; and the onlv wav I can think perioa. Turgot. Rousseau. Hamilton. ! of to simplify it is to put an e d Madame d Houdetoi. In addition. to the quick rewards of m.ricacv there is a clear index and rich Nature .whose course we aVe abo'it bibliography concerning books, an- i to nrevem her tmm .oi-il, T , papers and documents. This is a , on the surface that her infinite va-mine of information for the lover riety is baffling. At the core is a an outstand- i simple idea'.. You feel it when lvin" ing proof of the consioerab.e amount stretched out cn warm rocks let t nS of work such a book represents. the sun in. It is Ht Kible th"t 1 he Hero, 1735-1813. ;m our zea! to manufacture sun- We boast of our modern aetivtv ' lamPs at a profit, we have lost for-enlarged a hundrediold. it seems uv 1 ever.,lhe privilege of sitting in the our modern indentions. We 'are sun- "inu wiia i crevecoeur. not withstanding the tl'iiBPdieS r,f I Ma first half of his life, could accomplish in his time: horse, sleigh ra.'e and slow sailboats were his means of transportation: Ind.&ns wa's revolutions and political difficulties were the "milieu" where lie evolved but his "Leturs of an Ar;fn Farmpr" frp !r'jn!ar.H .... i all over Europe. He was "the first to introduce to America alfalfa. pVi tt( tne nrsi to estaOitsn a regular line of boats between France 'and the States. In addition he uansinid and published for either country anything that neemed of valu in "the rea.m of philosophy, international underrfanding cr agriculture. Timely and Universal A the author shows us by his ar.a sugar-oee:; ine :;rst to promote ",url ' r-Mein, announced lor the introduction of the potato plant ! '?nV"S publication. The present and Indian corn !n France. :h fnt 1 ilnin 'i'phv Is by Mr. T. D. French consul to the United States i Kpml)- Jr., a well known newspaper ! Amorira tn Fiirntv. anri makes real J a legendary country. But this friend ! of Franklin, Jefferson and Wash- j ington, this self-appointed ambassa j dor of good will among nations i faces the misunderstanding and dis trust of the governments and of his ! neighbors; suspicion from the loyal ists and insurgents as well. This is the Mwwd of u$ humanitarian , Qf ms early.Amwican i Simpiicity is labeled stinginess by a reoresentative of His French Majesty in charge of inspecting diplomats abroad. His efforts for mutual understanding between France and the young American governments are nullified by the blindness and blunders of Parisian bureaucrats. And this is one of the things which, to my eyes, makes the book so timely. Strangely Modern. A country seen from within does not apoear the same as it does to those who look at it from another angle. Human nature, though, does not seem to change. The same distrusts, the same errors, the same hatreds, caused mainly by the lack of understanding, reappear in the course of the centuries. In the clear light in which Mr. Rice has presented his book, we should have only to change a few names to apply it to current circumstances. This glimpse of the Eighteenth Century, especially when it deals with the realm of international relations, is, in parts, strangely modern. Mr. Rice's Academic Career. Editorial Note: Mr. Howard C. Rice is a Bachelor of Arts of Dartmouth College, Class of 1926. After post-graduate work at Harvard University, he taught for two jears at Loomis School, Windsor. Also he was secretary of an international summer trip of boys to the School of Chateau de Montcel. France, an enterprise for international understanding sponsored by the headmasters of Tabor Academy, Loomis and Kent schools. He was invite;! to teach English at Montcel and subsequently was appointed in 1931 "lecteur" at the Sorbonne, University of Paris, is in charge of practical work in the English language, translation, and English composition for post-graduate students. He was , graduated as Doctor of the University of Paris "with high distinction" in February, 1933. Book Notes In the June Golden Book appears the second instalment of Sir J. M. Barrie's "A Tillyloss Scandal," and a group of short stories by Mr. J. B. Cabell, Bret Harte. A. E. Coppard, the lamented Mr. Earl Derr Biggers, Mr. Edwin Granberry this being an original story, not a reprint Laf-cadio Hearn. and Mr. Harold Nicol-son. Mr. Nicolson's striking storv. "Arketail," is one of those included in Mr. Somerset Maugham's splendid collection of modern tales, novels, essays and poems, entitled "Traveller's Library." It is good to welcome to the pages of The Golden Book a reprinting of John Mase-field's brief historic drama. "The Sweeps of Ninety-Eitht," and it was a nappy chance of the editors to of- fer their readers the .Inlin Pavnn translation of Villon's ballade be- ginning "I die of thirst, although the spring's at hand." The de- paumeni mey say is SCllltlllat ing as ever, my own two favorites anions; the proffered nuggets of contemporary wisdom being the question lately asked by Mr. J. C. Wedgwood, the British Labor M. P. "Is it necessary to have the approval and concurrence of foreign countries when we do the right thing?" and Judge G. W. Martin's statement that "No woman is worth shooting. The penalty is too great." Three recent issues in The John Day Pamphlets are two studies. "The Farmer is Doomed." by Louis M. Hacker, "considerably modified" from an article which originally appeared in The Modern Monthly"; and "Work Camps for America: The German Experience and The American Opportunity," bv Messrs. Osgood Nichols and Comstock Glaser; and Mr. E. B. White's brilliant study "Alice Through the Cellophane," reprinted from The New Yorker. All these pamphlets are significant signs of the times, and will repav considered reading by thoimlufiil men &nd women. Mr. White's "Alice" is a li!llf ma;f prnirva r.t ; concentrated, scathing irony; bland i eranr rnmnii.tj n,.. i. "... 'Ac,olf Hitler and the Nazis" s number one in a series of Fiftv Minute Biographies. well printed pamphlets selling for 25 cents apiece, and published bv Rolx-rt C Coo,; m No Yo; k. Other biographies appearing m the series "are Benito Mussolini." enc -stalin and ; l"e fociHi Older.' with huwraiiiiii.t j a,mvav MacDonald. President !1.K''" w- Roosevelt, and Proles- snaot Em-r.on Books. Inc.. of New Yoik. issue an Emerson Booklet, entitled ' H.-.r-i : Menace to Mankind." a pamphif at 35 cpnus, and written by Mr. S.dney Wallach. This is a valuable reference book, covering the wnn npriod of the Nazi move- IT P n tn Wits 1 . i i : . 1 Candar ofHiUemrn:8 IT -'" " n Vh? hi t f ! 4 HOWARD C. RICE, JR. Lessons of the long ago, in form of a surprisingly interesting ana valuable biography, are still unlearned by mankind, author shows, which gives this history a strangely modern note. Minor Novels For Summer Reading KEPT MAN By Rosalind Wade; $2; BETTER TO MARRY By Ursula Bloom. $2; E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc., New York; DEATH WHISPERS By Joseph B. uarr; ine vimng tress, New York; $2; LAUGHTER ENDS By John Far- row; Harcourt, Brace & Co., New York; $2; CHANGE HERE FOR HAPPINESS By Berta Ruck: Dodd, Mead & Co., New York; $2. A quintet of minor novels. The title of Miss Rosalind Wade's sordid study, "Kept Man" is inaptly chosen, conveying, as it does, the impression tnat tne dock belongs in that con glomerate mass of pot-boiling fiction which is a recpnt result of the "new" literary freedom. Actually. "Kept Man" is a serious novel, by a very young writer, dealing with a group of people in present-dav London. We have the "kept man," the eager, ignorant, commonplace and appealing little girl with whom he finds a natural solace, the terrible London landlady, and all the rest of the expected types who fill in the Dackgrouna. Miss Wade has talent. and a sincere artistic conscience: less gifted than Miss Norah Hoult. she still belongs in her class, and her future work will be awaited with interest by discriminating and critical readers. Miss Ursula Bloom is a mediocre and exceedingly popular novelist who always gives ample, conscien tious value to her readers in terms of quantity. Miss Bloom's present lavishly detailed study o the contrasting backgrounds of a mother and daughter, a variant on the family-chronicle theme, is a novel measuring fully up to the accustomed specifications. Mr. Joseph Carr's "Death Whiskers" is a detective story and a first novel. The scene of "Death Whispers" is a Massachusetts coast town, not far from Marblehead, and the story is well told and absorbing. In "Laughter Ends" Mr. John Farrow offers a picturesque tale of Tahiti, with half-breeds, smouldering passions, and all the expected accessories jtf a story of this tvpe. "Chnnge Here For Hanpiness" is the thirty-ninth novel bvMiss Berta Ruck i Mrs. Oliver Onions) lusted opposite the title-page of the present volume. Always animated, competent, sparkling and entertaining. Miss Ruck gives her readers, in "Change Here For Happiness" a thoroughly characteristic example of her easy facility of stvle, and her unfailing ability to please. The interest of "Change Here For Happiness" contains, in a sweepstake ticket, and the dialogue, always a strong point with Miss Ruck, is especially crisp, convincing, and amusing. A Unique Study Of Arctic Life ARCTIC VILLAGE Bv Robert Marshall; Harrison Smith & Robert Haas. New York; $3. Mr. Robert Marshall, author of this remarkable social study, was born in 1901, While still 'in his boyhood he became known as the first person to have climbed all the high Adirondack peaks: he is an expert in forestry, and plant physi- j'K.v. Air. jviarsnnu s "Arctic Village." which he dedicates to "the people of the Koyukuk who have made for themselves the happiest civilization of which I have knowledge" is the result of a recent long sojourn in the far north, and is rii- divided into eight sections, severally entitled. The Background; The People; The Economic Life; The Communal Life; The Sexual Life; The Recreational Life; Koyukuk Philosophy. The book is written with immense gusto, and the illustrations. 50 original and exceedingly striking Dho- tographs. add immeasurably to the impression made by the text. Most remarkable of all the nhotoeraDhs is that facing page 172, with the explanatory line. "Laying in A Meat Supply; Al Retzlaf, with two sheep which he had just killed." "Blank spaces on mans." have, It appears, always fascinated Mr Marshall, so. when in the spring of 1929 he found he had a summer ahead with the chance to do anything he liked, he took his atlas, turned to the map of Alaska, found an uncharted space and went for it. He took great delight in his investigations, and has recorded them with a mixture of statistical exactitude and straightforward enthusiasm which make his narrative unique in its kind. While under the spell of "Arctic Village." the reader feels as if this remote center of life occupied the center of the world's stage, and this indeed forms the onlv fault of the book, that it tends 'o throw valuer out of focus, to confuse the reader in his sense of proportion. MONEY versus MAN: A Statement of the World Problem From tht Standpoint of the New Economics By Frederick Soddy, M. A., F. R. S., Dr. Lee's Professor of Qhemistry, University of Oxford, Nobel Prize Winner in Chemistry, 1921; E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc., New York; $1.25; MODERN MONEY By Joel Carter Bonine; The Stratford Co., Bos-J . 1 CA. STAMP SCRIP By Irving Fisher, IjIj.U., professor of Economics, Yale University; Assisted by Hans R. L.. Cohrssen and Herbert W. Fisher; Adelphi Co., New York; $1.50. Three studies, all dealing, from widely differing angles of approach. with the subject, and the looming problem, of money. Professor Soddy, one of the world's most eminent men of science, and an original and bril liant thinker along many lines, writes with a facile, powerful and caustic pen. The present reviewer. unversed in the -intricacies of mod ern economics, frankly confesses that there are certain technical passages in "Money versus Man" of which she is unable to grasp the full significance, but the message of the book in its entirety can be followed by any reader of normal intelligence, however ignorant he may be of the detail of financial economics, and that message Professor Soddy drives home with all the power of his fine gifts of sardonic irony, restrained invective, and clean cut assurance of style. Through our own determined blindness, through our insistent turning of our eyes from the light. we have landed ourselves in a fear ful mess, and the only way out is by a complete reversal of policy, and a full recognition of the fact that times have changed. That is the core and crux of Professor Soddv's argument, presented with vitriolic concentration in a volume of less than 120 pages. A representative example of Professor Soddy's clinching manner of presenting his views follows here, taken from his chapter on Practical Measures: "As for the banks their legitimate business is to lend not create money. Painful to them as the author's criticism must necessarily be, it is possible they. may in some future age put The Ingrahams A Dramatic Short Story By CHARLES J. McGlIRK (Continued from Page 4.) vance when the German plane came over. It flew low, raking the ground with machine gun fire, creating havoc among the moving troops. The American plane swooped down on him and out of the sun. The German pilot saw him and started to climb, headed back toward Germany. They met and circled each like angry hornets, spitting machine gun fire through their nose's. The American's first burst caught his opponent and the German turned and straightened out coming back toward them. The American followed, herding him toward capture. When he was directly over them the German began his fall. He came streaking earthward to the wail of tortured strut wires and crashed not fifteen yards from Amos' ieet. Amos got a glimpse of the pilot's face, a boy's white face with closed eyes. And then the flames belched from the wreckage. They swarmed about the boy. Amos saw him stiffen. Saw his hand clench and then open. Saw him shrivel before his eyes, like a waxen figure charring to cinders in the white heat. Amos took his trembling hands from his moist face. The mail Elane had disappeared, had proba-lv landed. He bent forward and whispered, as though young Michael was standing, invisible, above his grave. "That was the reason I didn't want you to fly, son," he said. "I remembered that boy in France. It wasn't, as they said, because I was an Ingraham father trying to break an Ingraham son. It was because I was afraid. I'd give anything," he sighed, "if I knew you understood that." He saw his son again as he appeared that dav in Amos' private ollice and told hiin of his ambition to fly. Looking like the athlete he was, his eves twinkling with uneasy laughter. But Amos hadn't seen him that day. He had seen, instead, the young German flyer crashing to fiery death at his feet. -No!" he shouted hoarsely in sudden terrified fury.-"I forbid you ever to put your foot in a plane! Do you hear me. Ever!" Young Michael's laugh died and his eves hardened. It was Amos' first klimpse of the Ingraham steel in him. "I'm sorry," he said quietly, "vou're taking it like this. Because fm going to fly. When I see you again I'll be a licensed pilot." But Amos never saw him again. Young Michael went barnstorming at airports all over the country as a parachute jumper to support him-relf and pav for his flying lessons. He was killed five months later w'hen his parachute failed to open at the Caldwell airport less than six miles from his home. It was time to go. He got up stiffly, heavy with sadness and an old remorse. Night was coming swiftly now. The robin was silent, head tucked under wing, asleep. The outlines of the trees and buildings were becoming blurred in the gathering darkness. Amos sighed and turned to leave the plot. And saw his father coming toward him. Daniel walked slowly as became his age. But he was not ponderous. About him hung that atmosphere of jaunt iness and defiance which Amos had always recognized as his chief characteristic. "I didn't know you ever came here, sir," he said formally as Daniel mari to step past him. "Why shouldn't I come here?" Daniel demanded belligerently. And as Am didn't answer. "I came." he paid more mildly, "to see how the Ingrahams look when they're all peacefully together. This Is the only O up a tablet to his memory ror help ing to deliver them irom their Sisyphean task. For their legitimate business, as indeed all legitimate business, cannot help being very greatly expanded u tne strangle hold of money over men were removed. This, on the other hand, will probably, antagonize the Labor Party to the whole proposal, for the thought of anyone making extra profit is painful to them. As. how ever, science literally threatens to destroy the world if it insists On remaining poor, their objections must be waived. For conscientious objectors to an age of plenty the monasteries would still be open" ;Again "But those in charge of our national destiny are not shortsighted. They are blind, as Nelson was, in one eye, capable of seeing only what they wish to see. Their eminence in affairs is due solely to their single-eyed devotion to the ruling passion, the problem of how, in these fecund days of science, fast enough to convert the wealth that perishes into debts that endure and bring in interest. Two-eyed people may well-tremble for the future of civilization at their hands." Mr. J. C. Bonine feels that his manual on "Modern Money" should be of value as a text book to be used hi high and preparatory schools, as well as for laymen. "Modern Money" is a clearly written, succinct yet comprehensive account of money, its evolution and its functioning, and the statistical data used in the preparation of the work was obtained from the statistical department of the United States Treasury. Professor Irving Fisher's "Stamp Scrip"' is essentially a plea for stamp scrip, although, as Professor Fisher expressly declares in the opening words of his first chapter "Stamp Scrip is not a panacea." "Stamp Scrip" is written with all its author's unfailing fluent buoyancy of style, and. for all that it is a study of a highly involved and technical problem, it holds the reader's sustained interest with the compelling force of an Edgar Wallace thriller. Six appendices present The Bankhead-Pettengill Bill; the author's plan for StamD Scrip and Barter Exchanges, and Suggested Forms; Stamp Scrip Adapted to an Emergency Situation in Reading, Pennsylvania, this by Mr. Hans R. j L. Cohrssen; Congressman Petten- eill's Speech; and A Bill in the" Pennsylvania Legislature. place you could ever find them that way in a graveyard. Have you been visiting your son again? It must be nice to be able to visit your son. Even if he's dead." "I didn't know you ever had any desire to visit your son," Amos told him stiffly. "I never had," Daniel admitted, malice in his tone, "but I might have if I'd killed him." Amos gasped and stepped toward his father his -clenched fist raised. "How dare you?" he breathed. "How dare you say that to me?" But Daniel's gaze was steady and a smile was trembling on his lips. "Amos," he said softly, "you're a damn iool. To think you had anything To do with Michael's death. And I know you do. You've aged twenty years since he died. Come in here. I want to show you something." He stepped past him into the plot. Amos followed. "Here." he said, waving a hand over the graves, "is a collection of men and their women as proud as Lucifer. The Ingrahams. Every one of them tried to mold their children's- lives. And every one of their children flouted them and did as they pleased. "My father, old Michael, defied Simeon, his father, to marry mv mother. Then he tried to force me to follow him in his sympathy for the South. I had nothing against the South, but I joined the Union army. I married your mother and when I found I couldn't break her to my will I drove her out." he paused and added softly, "the only woman I ever loved. "Then I. in my turn, disownea you when you married against my wishes. And you, when your time came, forbade your son to fly. If you hadn't been one of them you'd have known that the surest way of sending an Ingraham into any act was to forbid him doing it. "Well, here, they are, the Ingrahams. A proud and stiff-necked clan. And here we'll te. you and I berore long. I'd like to be buried here with the rest of us." "You shall, sir." "And. Amos," he turned and fated him. "I've been Icnesome for my son." Amos looked at him and saw that, suddenly, Daniel had become very old. He stretched out his hand. "I'm glad, dad." he said simply. "I'm very glad. I've been lonesome, too." And as his father's hand clasped his, embarrassment at this disnlav of sentiment seized him. "Will you," he asked, "have dinner with me tonight? Daniel smiled. "I don't know," he saTu with mock doubtfulness, T believe I said one time that if I ever darkened your door again I hoped I might wither and drop dead. Do you remember? "Yes." Amos admitted, "I re-m niber." "Well," Daniel said, "111 wither and die soon anyhow. And I don't know r.ny place I'd rather do it than in your house." So arm in arm, the last two of the Ingrahams walked out of the old burial ground together. A FINDING AND BROADENING COURSE IN PUBLIC SPEAKING By Eugene S. Briggs. President . of Southeastern Teachers College and Vocille M. Pratt; The Christopher Publishing Co., Boston; $1.25. An excellent textbook, unusual In plan, which should prove rich in suggestions for teachers of public sneaking, and diction in general. The classified bibliographies are of definite reference value, and the manual altogether strikes away from the conventional approach to its subject. )i J J 1 ' k "! ANDRE SIEGFRIED Professor Siegfried's "Impressions of South America" reveal all the arresting charm, powers of acute observation and sympathetic understanding which made his "America Comes of Age" a notable book. Maugham Selects Traveller's Library TRAVrr.LERS LIBRARY: Compiled and With Notes by W. Somerset Maugham; Doubleday, Dor-an & Co., Inc., Garden City, New York; $2.50. Here is the best book of its type ever to reach this department. In a stout volume of nearly 1700 pages Mr. Somerset Maugham has as sembled his own choice of reading for the traveller making a journey, either by land or sea, of a week or more in length of timejand who is able to take but one book along with him. There is not a weak spot in the entire collection, which includes full-length novels, long-and-short-stories, essays and poems. Usually, in a book of this sort, there are many tares among the wheat, but it is not so here. While, of course, no one reader is likely to respond w the appeal of evefv-item in Mr. Maugham's generous selection, no reader with an appreciation of the best in contemporary literature can fail to find many an established favorite, or to come upon many a literary treasure heretofore unknown to him. in Mr. Somerset Maugham's "Traveller's Library," and. while the range of the volume is wide, its general average of excellence is nothing less than extraordinary. In fiction Mr. Maugham offers one of the leading English novels of the century, Arnold Bennett's "The Old Wives' Tale," complete and unabridged; of shorter novels he gives us Mr. F. Swinnerton's "Nocturne." which has become an accepted classic, a sort of collector's piece; Mr. E. C. Bailey's famous "Trent's Last Case," a first-rate detective "story, which many critics reckon as among the picked best, if not the very best, of all detective stories; and Mr. David Garnett's greatly admired fantasy, "Lady Into Fox," . a tale which the present reviewer finds wholly detestable, but which ranks very nigh with the cognoscenti. Among the longer short stories Mr. Maugham gives us Joseph Conrad's magnificent "Youth," and his fine tale "An Outpost of Progress"; Miss Norah Hoult's brilliant study cf an evening in the life of a broken-down but still game old London street-walker, entitled "Mrs. Johnson"; and there are other short stories by Max Beerbohm, Percival Gibbon a writer it is pleasant to welcome here D. H. Lawrence, Al-dous Huxley. Arthur Machen. Oliver Onions, H. G. Wells, Neil Lyons, and E. M. Fcrster. Other short stories, some of them very brief, are by Michael Arlen, Katherine Mansfield, and by Messrs. Gsbert Sitwell. Martin Armstrong, Harold Nicolson, and "Saki." The essays form a highly distinguished group, led off by Mr. Lytton Strachey's fine study of Florence Nightingale, and including representative work by Sir Edmund Gosse. Virginia Woolf, and Messrs. Aldous and Julian Huxley, and Desmond MacCarthy. And then the poems! Among them is to be found some of the most exquisite of the verse of Walter de la Mare, of Mrs. Meynell, of John Masefield. Ralph Hodgson, W. H . Davies. Hillaire Belloc, Robert Bridges. Francis Thompsonr-Ru-pert Brooks, James Elroy Flecker I wish Mr. Maugham had included "The Dying Patriot," in his selections from this poet Siegfried Sas-soon, Frances Cornford, Rev Campbell, W. J. Turner, Joseph Plunkett, and Sacheverell Sitwell. And then, as a piquant sauce to this lavish feast, Mr. Somerset Maugham himself offers a General Introduction, and a series of special Notes on each section of his book, which add immensely to the effect of the selections themselves. Trenchant, witty, challenging, provocative and informing. Mr. Somerset Maugham's own critical comments comments with which no single reader will find himself in entire agreement, but which every intelligent reader will find filled with stimulating suggestion are a notable and distinguished feature of "Traveller's Library." Lucky the traveller, whether of the active or the arm-chair variety, who becomes possessed of a copy of this volume, ft is emphatically a book to own, to keep at hand, and to return to again and again. THE DAYS OF EIGHTY-NINE By Albert Fernandes: A True Story of the Northwestern Frontier. The Battle of Wounded Knee and the Sioux Indians; Meador Publishing Co., Boston; $1.50. A well told narrative having genuine historic value, and which is notable for giving the full text of a song which has deservedly become a contemporary classic of American folk-lore, the song with the irresistibly moving melody, "Home cn the Eange." "The Days of Eighty-Nine" is a modest contribution to Americana, but? it Is a book which the future historian will find to possess actual worth, for the sense of atmosphere which the author has been able to convey, and for its authenticity as a work of reference, AN INDISCREET ITINERARY or HOW THE UNCONVENTIONAL TRAVELER SHOULD SEE HOLLAND By One Who Was Actually Born There and Whose Name is Hendrik Willem van Loon; $1; IMPRESSIONS OF SOUTH AMERICA By Andre Siegfried; Translated by H. H. Hemming Jk Doris Hemming; Drawings by lone Robinson; $2; Harcourt, Brace & Co., New York; A MODERN PILGRIMAGE By Mary Berenson; D. Appleton &, Co., New York and London; 3. Three completely out-of-the-com- mon travel books, Mr. van Loon's delightful "Indiscreet Itinerary" falling outside the strict category of books of travel, but being included in the present group, by reason of its charm and allure for the active or the arm-chair traveler. Mr. van Loon's "An Indiscreet Itinerary" developed into its present form through a suggestion made by The Netherlands Railways, maintaining an office in New York, that Mr. van Loon should write a folder "about six pages and a few of those funny little pictures" to be sent out as advertising publicity. But, fortunately for a great company of readers, Mr. van Loon, having started out to do this folder, found that he could net keep within limits, and the little book, as 1 we now have it, evolved itself for which fortunate happening let us be duly grateful. Probably there are undesirables among Dutchmen, and even among those Dutchmen who make their way to tho United States and become citizens of our country, but it would seem certain that they must form a negligible minority. Assuredly we may count ourselves fortunate in those Hoi-landers who have seen fit to settle here, and who have become prominent in their several ways. Such men. for shining examples, as the lamented Edward Bok, and the mighty Mr. van Loon himself. Here, in "An Indiscreet Itinerary," is a guide-book which is sheer joy throughout, with historic background, local color, ilkimlnating comment, intelligent, sympathetic companionship, ctIst humor, and solid, rewarding information, all mingled in exactly the right proportions, and with 40 of "thoie funny little pictures" not ail of them little, and manv of them not at all funny to illustrate the text, j whether or no you know Holland already, whether or no you hope or expect ever to visit that amazing little country, you will still do well to read Mr. van Loon's "Indiscreet Itinerary." It is literally impossible to resist the temptation to quote from thiv book, and here is a bit about what you may do while sojourning for a while at The Hague. "I would," writes Mr. van Loon "leave my hotel at about 10 o'clock. And I would first of all go to the Mauritshuis, the home of the last Dutch governor of Brazil and now one of the loveliest among the small museums of this or any other planet. It is exactly what a small museum should be.- It only shows the very best and it shows it under the most favorable conditions. By the way, if you happen to be traveling with others, whenever you get to a museum do not flock together like patient lambs, but each of ye go ye your own way, for no two people ever look at pictures in exactly tne same way. When you discover something that delights your souL you may call upon a kindred spirit and say, "Now there,' . . . But for the rest Just amble in stately loneliness. And when some-one bids you hurry, ask him politely to go to the Devil. For pictures, like music or good food or first-rate wine or conversation should be enjoyed slowly and leisurely." And I have to give the readers of this yview Mr. van Loon's following paragraph "I like the Mauritshuis because there are a lot of benches on which you can sit down and commune with the pictures. And there are windows th'at look out upon the old fish-pond of the baronial castle, which you will inspect in another moment, and the light on that miniature lake is apt to be very lovely. And if you are lucky you will then and there discover the secret of all Dutch painting. That secret was light. It was that ,incredible light that is only found hovering over this pancake of mud. floating on an ocean of water. Other nations could perhaps paint better faces or better figures oi more graceful women. But the light, my friends, the quivering light of a Rembrandt who painted not only the light in front of his figures but also the light be-nind them, there where you cannot even see it but can only sense it it is the light that does the trick. And the Mauritshuis, with its high windows, will show you that light better than any other museum with the possible exception of the Old Men's Home in Haarlem where they keep the work of Frans Hals. All the other galleries have been built by professors of architecture. That may be the reason why they are as gloomy as a Chicago railroad station on a rainy day." If "An Indiscreet Itinerary" wins the success it deserves, it will be a season's best-seller, and a book for which there will be a steady, continuing demand long after the first Hush of its popularity has waned. During a recent trip to South America Professor Andre Siegfried wrote a series of diary letters which, on his return, were circulated among his friends in France. Mr. and Mrs. Hemming have, as they tell us in their Translators' Note, persuaded Professor .Siegfried to permit them to translate these letters, which they feel "deserve a much wider public than he intended." The fact that Protessor Siegfried writes only of what he personally observed, adds to the value and importance of his comments. At the close of the chapters dealing with politics the translators have inserted a brief summary of the events which have taken place since 1931. Written with all the arresting charm, and displaying the same powers of acute observation and sympathetic understanding which made his "America Comes of Age" one of the notable national studies of the past decade, these swift, flashing sketches of South America, her politics, her social life, her topography, the personality of her peoples, and her economic problems as they were revealed to Professor Siegfried two seasons ago, make up a thoroughly rewarding book. Miss lone Robinson's numerous striking drawings ?nnPhPlemented 'Bht fine pho! tographs of actual scenes in South America, photographs presented in the effective modern manner, each ShhSW1 JonninK an enure Page, without border. Mrs. Berenson, whose "A Modern Pilgrimage" forms the third in this trio of noteworthy books, is the wife 1 we)l known art critic, Bernard Berenson. nri tho ict- l?Je most distinguished of con- PeaTsha t ST;T.y "an i . ; -- i ciiotjii a pilmmaee" wa5 tn w .u ,V, : "l , , " t u 1 Bill LtJ which pilgrims have journeyed for close upon two thousand years, the S?r? W 0f, Chnstianity. 'The Tf, V1 Pilgrimage was made from Italy, and. in the opening to M hZ0pcne chaPr. IWly rhat rs- Berenson declares iSt . I have n turned froni our trip to Palestine and Svria with the travelers usual illusion that no one ttJ tr'P tefre, or appreciated as Kd' . AIlr thls- ln' a sews f hL pJra. Mrs" Benson makes her reader her welcome companion Mn,,lht6 JroceJ from Beirut to J"m( Carmel, to Jerusalem, to Transjordania, to Samaria and to Damai'Js. to Palmyra oJ u10 akia and Tripoli, and to Baalbee. Here is a travel record so sharply individual, so glowing with the author's stimulating in- beautifully cultivated powers of Imaginative observation, that no a ,f ,lts Peculiar charm can be indicated in a notice such as this. book Itself to realize all that it offers. A number of brief but interesting reference notes to each chapter add to the value of Mrs Berenson's personal record. Good Troilopeans will wish that in her notes to her chapters on Jerusalem and the excursions therefrom, Mrs Berenson had included a reference to the early chapters of one of Anthony Trcllope's least satisfying novels. "The Bertrams." for they contain a vivid picture of the Holy Sepulchre, and of the other points of supreme interest for the traveller in the Holy Land. Reviews in Brief The Modern Library of the World's Best Books: APHRODITE By Pierre Louys; Translated bv Lewis Galantiere; The Modern Librarv, Bennett A. Gerf, Donald S. Klop- fer. New Vnrlr OS fnt, Complete translations of accepted modern foreign classics are a feature of this admirable series, and M. Pierre Louys's "Aphrodite," here appearing in translation bv Mr. L. Galantiere. will be welcomed by many readers. THE FORBIDDEN TERRITORY By Denis Wheatlev; E. P. Dutton & Co., inc., New York; $2. A novel of romantic adventure and intrigue in present-day Russia. Good Oppenheira stuff, and plenty of it, but handled without the experienced skill of that veteran master of the craft. MAXIM GORKY: Writer and RevolutionistBy Moissave J. Olgin; International' Publishers, New York; 75 cents. An interesting study of the gifted Russian novelist, and of his activities as an upholder of the Russian revolution. THE NEW DENTISTRY: A Phase of Preventive Medicine; Six Lowell Lectures By Leroy Matthew Simpson Miner, D. M. D.. M. D., F. A. C. S., Dean of the Dental School and Professor of Clinical Oral Surgery in Harvard University; Harvard University Press, Cambridge; $2. A valuable volume of purely technical interest, beautifully printed by the famed Harvard Press. The Loeb Classical Librarv Edited by T. E. Page. Litt. D., E. Capps, Ph. D., LL. D., W. D. H. Rouse, Litt. D.; CICERO: DE NATURA DEORUM ACADEMICA; With an English Translation by H. Rack-ham, M. A., University Lecturer, and Fellow and Lecturer of Christ's College, Cambridge; ARISTOTLE: THE METAPHYSICS Books I-IX; With an English Translation by Hugh Tredennick, M. A Lecturer in Classics in the University of Sheffield; Vol. I; PAUSANIAS: DESCRIPTION OF GREECE; With an English Translation bv W. H. S. Jones. Litt. D., St. Catherine's College, Cambridge; Books VI-VIII iI-XXI); In Six Volumes; Vol. Ill; THE GEOGRAPHY OF STRABO; With an English Translation by Horace Leonard Jones, Ph. D.. LL. D.. Cornell University; in Eight Vols.; Vol. VIII; William Heine-raann. Ltd., London; G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York; Each vol. $2.50. ' Fcur recent issues in this invaluable series of English translations from the Greek and Latin classics. The Cicero volume is complete in itself. The, Aristotle is the ooening volume in the "Metaphys ics"; the Pausanias is the third oi six volumes of history; and the Strabo is the eighth and concluding volume of the "Geography." As in all the volumes of the Leob Classi the English translation faces the original Greek or Latin text, page by page. LOSE YOUR INNOCENCE ABROAD By Prentiss Payson; Meador Publishing Co., Boston; $1.50. Handicapped by a cheap, catchpenny title, this volume is actuauy a leisured guide-book to some of the conventional routes of European tourist travel, from which the discriminating reader may gain much realiy ureful information. THE PENDING CRISIS or How Shall We Settle the Liquor Question? By James H. Kirby, Ex-Representative; The Christopher Publishing House, Boston; $1. A timely discussion of how best to meet the various problems of the prerent situation regarding the sale of liQuor ln the United States. - . .

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