The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 24, 1953 · Page 5
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 5

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, June 24, 1953
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WEDNESDAY, JUNE 9P. 1953 BLYTHEVi; LE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE PIVB Big Three Takes Lead in Farm War Farm Bureau, Farmers Union, Grange Struggle For Various Aid Plans By OVID MARTIN and DON WHITEHEAD • WASHINGTON (AP) — The nation's "Big Three' farm organizations are in the front lines.of the farm work civil war which today is raging over the federal government': role in aiding agriculture. the voices of They speak" with millions of farmers in a struggle to shape the kind of farm aid Congress will vote next year when the Present program expires. Although a final decision is farmers to the showdown fight in state, county and town meetings. Each group has a strong lobby in Washington. On the side of the Eisenhower administration stand the American Farm Bureau Federation—the biggest farm organization in the country—and the National Grange Their memberships total 2,922,000. In the opposing camp is the National Farmers Union, which h a potent voice in the Truman administration. Its membership is 189,600 farm families or 575,000 voting members. The Grange, oldest of the three, started in 1866 to help solve farmers' economic problems. It did *^ much to get. railroads and other utilities brought under government regulation. The farmers union was organized in Texas in 1902 to fight economic battles for low-income farmers. F.B. Come to Fore The Farm Bureau Federation developed out of the farm recession that followed World War I. Its sponsors said the older farm organizations were failing to provide effective leadership. The bureau was closely aligned with the Roosevelt administration during the '30s and early '40s Its leaders helped write and get through Congress legislation providing for crop controls, price supports and subsidies. However, the price supports of Roosevelt days were of the lower, "stop-loss" type advocated by the Eisenhower administration and the present farm bureau leadership. The federation and the Grange have thrown their influence into the administration drive to shift the farm program 'to less dependence on government subsidy. With relatively minor exceptions, these two groups see eye to eye on the farm problem. They support Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson's philosophy—which reflects the Eisenhower thinking-—that U. S. farmers must depend more on their own initiative and independent planning. They favor less federal control and the use of flexible price supports to encourage or discourage production of certain crops as the need may be. Basic Crops Supported Under present laws, expiring next 5'ear, the federal government is compelled to support such basic crops as wheat, corn, cotton, rice and peanuts at 90 per cent of parity. Parity is a price standard estimated to give the farmer a fair income in relation to i;he cost o things he must buy. Federation and Gangs leaders— and Benson—blame this high an( igid price support system for many farm ills, such as huge surpluses in wheat, corn and butter. And they believed it will lead directly to complete governmen dictation of the farm economy through controlled production and marketing. The National Farmers Union, on the other hand, is fighting not only to retain the high price suppori level but to extend it to other commodities. Its leaders argue that anything less than the present program will weaken the entire farm economy, bring further drops in prices, slash income, and create a program of scarcity in production. The union contends the American farmer is entitled to government subsidy just as much as airlines and railroads, and that the federal government should in fact take a more active role in aiding the farmers. The union contends the nation Is lucky to have surpluses as a safety reserve against drought and the possibility of war. It denies surpluses have resulted from high price supports. Watch Kline The men to watch in this .fight are Allan B. Kline, president of the American Farm Bureau Federation; Herschel D. Newsom, master Of the National Grange; and James G. Patton, president of the National Farmers Union. Of all the farm leaders, Kline appears to be closest to Eisenhower and has been a White House visitor more than once. His critics even claim that the federation Is "in control" of the Department of Agriculture. During the Truman regime Kline was , pretty much snubbed. Kline believes government market suiports should be flexible, ranging from 15 to 90 per cent of rteavy farm production, supports could he lowered to discourage big surpluses which tend to depress market prices. He speaks for those who favor a more competitive farm market. As all the farm leaders do, he supports more farmer education, nore research, and more aggressive export policy as sound means of promoting markets for farm production. Ajalnst Subsidies He has been outspoken against hose federal farm aid payments ne thinks are mere subsidies and do not actually promote better arming, such as paying farmers last few years. for putting lime on their land. Kline argues It has become normal practice in the Midwest to use lime because it increases production and enhances the value of the land. "When payment* are made for this kind of practice," Kline told congressmen, "we are simply making an appropriation out of the Federal Treasury for an income supplement, and we do not think that is the way to do that sort of thing. We think it is simply and purely a dangerous political principle." The Eisenhower administration is going along with Kline on the lime payments, having recommended that funds for conservation practices be cut to 140 million dollars for 1954'compared with 250 million made available by Congress in previous years. The House, however, refused to back such a big cut. It voted 195 million. The Senate is expected to accept the House figure. Grange Master Newsom Is convinced too much emphasis has been put on the price support level as the key to the farm problem. "What I would like to emphasize," he said in an interview, "is parity in the market place." Eisenhower, campaigning for the presidency, also talked of full parity in the market place. While Eisenhower did not say how it could be achieved, the signs now point to efforts to boost farm income through research, sales promotion, improved marketing to cut costs, a drive to sell more produce abroad, and shifting production to avoid price-depressing surpluses. In this picture, Newsom is convinced that the real payoff for the farmer will come through his own ability and energy. He says there must be a drive to recapture markets overseas, combined with efforts to remove trade barriers. "Our greatest relief has to Be in expanded world trade," Newsom said. "Wreckers" Patton, the National Farmers Union chief, lumps Kline, Newsom Benson and their supporters under the uncomplimentary title of "the wreckers." He refers to his opposition as "the false economy,bloc." Where Kline and Newsom want ilexible price supports as a means to manage production, Patton has said: "If we were to extend high-level price supports to all farm products at a full parity level, we would not need to worry about overproduction. We would have no need for acreage allotments and marketing quotas, and no need for building up un- manageble reserves. "The economic reasoning under- .ying flexible support levels and Jie sliding scale is fallacious. If followed, it can only result in the development in this country of scarcity-oriented food and fiber program." Patton argues that taxpayer osses in farm price supports has een about one billion dollars since 933—or an average of 5G'/2 million . year. He compares this loss to irline subsidies of 219 million dol- ars a year, maritime subsidies of bout 18 million a year, and busi- ess reconversion payments of bout five billion a year for the astfew years. Not Too Much His argument is that this cost is cu it s . not too great to bviild up farm income and production to help 25 million people in agriculture and related industries, 10 million on the farms, six million producing for and eervicg farmers, and nine million processing and distributing farm products. The ideal solution, Patton argues, would be a world economic union "with a single currency and no trade or population migration barriers." He said: "Any nation that wil conduct free democratic elections and abide by the laws enacted by tht governing body of such a union would be eligible for membership." Within this sharp conflict of viewpoints on how the farm problem should be handled, the farm world 's civil war is being waged. The outcome will depend on & large measure on the ability of the farm leaders to lineup support for their views. D.E. Continued from Page 3 of real war. On this July 10, Sicily, the object of determined air attacks, was invaded by American, British and Canadian troops under direction of General Dwight D. Eisenhower. My outfit followed Pattern's troops and rebuilt bridges, searched out anti-personnel mines and ami-tank mines. "My first night was spent in receiving ammunition, and food which was unloaded by cranes and bulldozers and put on trucks to be sent to the front lines. We were within three miles of the front lines and the fh-ing was as audible as if we could reach out and touch it. A stupid event that happened that night is something that probably will never go down in history but I will never forget. "An air raid alarm sounded before we had gotten an all-clear signal. Twenty seven C-4Ts carrying American paratroopers flew over our beach area. Those on the ground hadn't received the all-clear signal, and thinking they were enemy planes, our boys shot down 13 of the 27 planes. "Some of the boys parachuted out, landing in trees. Our boys still thinking 1 they had shot down enemy planes, machine gunned our own men alter they had parachuted out of the falling planes. 'After three months we took oVer ports to take care of ships coming in with supplies. One good thing," D. E. said, "there was no shortage of food throughout the Sicily invasion. We . were well- stocked with K-rations, just in case, but seldom had to depend on them. "She had never heard of biscuits or seen any white flour. We told her how 10 go about it and she was ac proud of her flrst biscuits as an American bride. They bake everything in ovens set up in their yards. "Their houses are so . filthy we wouldn't have wanted biscuits or even Southern fried chicken if she had to cook them inside. She had "ON ONE occasion, that stands out in my mind," D. E. said, "there had been some ships wrecked and the first thing a soldier thinks about is to loot them for food. We weren't thinking of ;6ld and silver — no place to go and spend the money we already had. Food was the number one objective. We found a barrel of 'lour and carried it to a Sicilian lome near the base and had the woman there make us some bis- "ITALY IS one of the most beau tiful and interesting places, I guesf in the world," continued D. E "There was so much to see. but th natives were more of a curiosity to me than all the historic place to visit. I could just sit for hour watching them come and go. I was like Grand Central Station 01 big scale. We were at Naples foi four months, then sent back to North Africa for further amphibious training for the invasion o. Southern France. "We trained with a new division How you sove money 3 DODGE s with ALL THESE FEATURES AT NEW LOWER PRICES! Sharper turning! Dodge trucks turn shorter than other leading makes to save you time and money. Onflow shock absorbers on 1 A-, %- and 1-ton models for easier handling, smoother riding. 7 "Job-Rated" engines with 100 to 171 h.p. ... 3 engines all-new. And of the leading makes, only Dodge gives you floating oil intake, exhaust valve seat inserts, 2 fuel filters, water distributing tube, 4-ring pistons, on all models. More powerful 1'/4- and 2-ton trucks than other leading makes. Ad'.jnced dual-primary brakes in 1- through 4-ton trucks. Rivet- less Cyclebond brake linings. Independent parking brake on all models. Truck-o-matic transmission with fryrol Fluid Drive, for low-cost, shift-free driving, available in Viand %-ton trucks. Fluid Drive offered in ^-, %- and 1-ton models for smoother traction. Both are Dodge exclusives. More pick-up, express, qnd «tak« body sizes than other leading makes. New 116"wheelbase^-ton pick-up with 56-cu.-ft. level load. Better balanced weight distribution on all models for extra payload. Greater '/^-ton-panel poylood and cubic capacity. You save when you buy Dodge "Job-Rated" trucks, because Dodge gives you ail the extra features shown at the left, plus new lower prices. Dodge means extra value! You save when you operate Dodge You save with the good deals and trucks. Famous Dodge power and maneuverability save time . . . economical high-compression engines save gasoline . . . Dodge dependability saves upkeep. high trade-in allowances we're making this month. Start saving today! For a real top deal sec us ... or phone us and we'll see you! Act now! Pioneer and still leaner in thorp rvrn/ns for foil, meoty-fovmo operation) '/3-TON THROUGH 4-TON I See us or phone today for a good deal! TRUCKS BLYTHEVILLE MOTOR CO. a cow and plenty of butternuly but I couldn't have swallowed a drop of milk from her house. I forgot about it, However, when she took those biscuits out of the oven. We all agreed they were just like mother used to make. "She kept her cow in the house and chickens ran in and out of her kitchen, just like a bunch of children. Tomatoes and grapes are their main crops. When we came to her house, she was cooking a batch of tomato paste. Cotton is grown there but the tallest I saw wouldn't exceed 12 inches. "The first entertainment we had was brought to us by Bob Hope and Frances Langford. The boys all looked forward to having American entertainers visit us as they brought us a feeling of home. "THE CONQUEST of Sicily Was completed by the fall of Mesina on Aug. 17. Sicily then became a springboard for the invasion Italy. We stayed a month opera ing the ports at Palermo. Fro there we convoyed into Naples. A interesting episode occurred he when a boy in my outfit met h mother on the battlefield. "She was a WAG. They eac knew the outfit the other was but never dreamed they would ev> one another. Strange thing iiappen in war and I believe th was the strangest I encountered added D. E. "The son got permis sion from our commanding office to invite his mother's unit over I see us and eat with us. Naturall he granted the request and we go our first glimpse of American gtr since we had left the states. "We were eight miles out of Na pies. One night another strang event took place. I wandered the service club. I saw a WAG alone at one of the tables eating a ice cream cone. I walked over t her ,and introduced myself told her I was from Osceola, Ark The girl dropped her cone and wa speechless almost. She had a broth er, Jim Gentry, living in Osceola so we had a long chat. "I visited Pompeii, which ij the foot of Mt. Vesuvius. This wa an interesting city with its ol ruins. Over half of the site ha been excavated to see the remain of what at one time were beautifu buildings, and were still in a re markable state of preservation tha was almost fantastic. in preparation of the Invasion which took place in August of 1944, Southern France was different from what I had expected. It was more like being back home, the buildings were modern. We were there building bridges until the end of the war. We worked 24 hours a day trying to beat the others to Paris. Ours was the 7th Army ami we were really moving along." D. E.'.s service ribbons show seven battle stars, ana to my way of thinking that's about tops. Ili,s company left Bary, Wales, Oct. 11, and on Oct. 26 lie landed back in Osceola just minutes before tile homecoming game of 1945 was about to begin. That was the first tiling his family told him when they met him at the train. He didn't have time to go home and bathe. When ho .came through the gate at the football field, he was all but crowned, instead of the queen. Another boy had come home I.V THc, mree years and five months that D. E. served in Uncl Sam's Army, he acquired enough war stories to write a book. The year following D. E.'s return, his 40th Engineer Regiment began holding their annual reunions each Labor Day. Up to date, he has attended four .of them and is planning on taking his wife, the former Miss Flossie Williams of Blytheville. with him to Chippewa Falls, Wis. She went with him lo the one held in St. Louis in 1951. For foul years, D. E. has been treasurer of the Kiwanis club and has done outstanding work in promoting aid Walnut & Pint • Phon. 4422 Manila, Ark. ••••••••••••••••••••••• LAST TIMES TONITE KANSAS CITY CONFIDENTIAL John Payne Colleen Gray THURSDAY lOc & 15c NIGHT THERE'S A GIRL IN MY HEART With Lee Bowman Elyse K,nox Peggy Ryan Glorian Jean Lon Chancy FRIDAY GUEST WIFE Claudellc Colbert Don Ameche Richard Toran •••••••••••••••••••••••a MOX In West Blytheville Air Conditioned by Refrigeration Show Starts Weekdays 7:00 Sat. Sun 1:00 Always A Double Feature LAST TIMES TONITE —PLUS- FABULOUS SENORITA With Estilata Rodriquez Also Pete Smith Comedy THURS & FRI ^ A WARNER BIOS. RE-RELEASE MfflBONE-GIIYKIBBFE-WSimiM —PLUS— THE TOWN THE IAW FORGOT! Long Comedy for underprivileged children. He has three girls. The oldest one, five, was the bride In the recent Tom Thumb wedding in Osceola. When the second little girl came, he began thinking up names for the third abby—boy names, that it—but it was another girl. S. 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