Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on February 22, 1895 · Page 7
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 7

Logansport, Indiana
Issue Date:
Friday, February 22, 1895
Page 7
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SPLENDID WELL SIPHON. Sow In Ui« OD uTiveii-Condiictfld D»Iry Furm In Ohio. During a recent visit to the homo and farm of Mr. A. \V. Evans, some very interesting facts came up, well worthy bf mention. He is a common, practical .armer, but an air of thrift seems to pervade all the surroundings and efforts of this worthy Quaker and his wife. : A splendid herd of Jerseys that average in test 5.4 at the neighboring creamery, headed by a first-class, purebred St. Lambert bull, were ruminating lazily over the fields. A brand new silo, filled just recently, stood like a tall sentinel against the cow barn, as a manifesto that dairying had come to atay at that home. He was in the icehouse, still containing plenty of ice for use in preserving the milk over two days, thus saving a trip to the creamery except every other day, the distance being considerable. A well-balanced ration of the best grains is fed to these eowa the year round, and to a very good profit, too. My eve was attracted liy a 1° wheeled' truck, constructed from four wheels of two old mowing machines, i--in. 1, one pair higher than the other, similar to a common wagun. This truck was more used upon the , farm for most of I the hauling than the ordinary wagon, ' because of its broad tire and low plat form. The most attractive feature we have to speak of we found iri his cow stable, directly in front of his co'V;i. This was u watering device that is novel and useful. It is not possible for all to arrange such n. convc-nicnt contrivance, yet very many can, and hcnco 1 shull illustrate tho plan and describe it. The whole arrangement is nothing short of a siphon from his house wel to the barn, and it works like- a charm tho bottom of the well being some two feet higher than the point of delivery in the stable. A pipe one inch in d* Fli5. 2. ameter was inserted in the well within one foot of the bottom, elbowed at A, "Fig. 1, and connected with a horizontal pipe passing through wall into a trench two feet deep. About four feet from well wall n, T union was put-on. as indicated in Fig. 1, with an upright pipe extending one foot above ground. This pipe is used to fill up the pipe from bottom oC well to the stable, then plugged up with a tap screw, V,, put in pc'-fcctly airtight. ' The point C, Fig. 2, is an ordinary half-turn stopcock with a rod extending eighteen inches above ground or floor, passing through a six-inch box which lets on the How of water or cuts it off. At D is another half-turn stop- cook which nets as u drain pipo to keep frost froru freezing water in pipe at E. This stopcock is closed when water is to bo drawn for use. I omitted to state that a valve (V) is necessary at the bottom of pipe in well, while filling. This valve should bo .loosely pn't in with a wire (W) from FIO. 3. top attached, to draw it up. Fig. 3 shows this valve more clearly. After tho pipe is full the opening of the. cock starts the water to How a* a siplxou. and it will cont.iuvie to flow indefinitely, as long as the r.ir is excluded from the pipe, until the well is drained, but subject to the will of the operator in opening tho stopcock at C, or closing it. A device of this character, where possible) to operate it, is eqixil to a running spring and bettor than a windmill Persons once in possession of such watering conveniences in their stables arc loath to even think of doing without them. They become a practical part of their profitable operations and add hours of real pleasure to their daily labors.—Ohio Farmer. At the Circuit. ' Tho keeper was walking along by the elephant leading the kangaroo, and the elephant stopped blowiug&ist into the , tiger's cage in order to address a few remarks to the kangaroo. "Oh, I say!" he called to that marsupial, "what's that thing you've hitched onto yourself?" The "kangaroo looked at his tail a moment and then took a 'squint at tho elephant's trunk. "That's nil right," he chattered, "that's mytruuk: I wear it there so I won't tread on it," and the roval .Ken^al tiger rolled over and howled.—Hamilton (Ont.) Times. . Subtle Distinction of Ethic* Wtoch Bared DMcoii flrnvrnvf* ' • . The most envied colore'd man among the negroes of all Curritnck was Felix Shaw. One night, while out hunting, he caught a female opossum with six fine young ones, nearly as big as rats. Ho brought them home and penned them up with a view to future 'possum bakes. One of them, however, escaped the fate of its mother and five brothers and sisters on account of its tameness, affection and playfulness, which so won upon old Felix that he was constrained to keep it as a pet- This was an exhibition of tenderness over appetite that fairly paralyzed the darkies of his acquaintance. Some declared that he was "conjured," others that he was "teched in de noggin, while many insisted that he was downright mad. There was consultation with "white folkses" as to the expediency of sending him to an insane asylum. They could not possibly understand how any sane person could have a nice, fat 'possum around without eating it. The creature would follow Felix about like a- clog, going with him to meeting, where it curled itself up m his lap and fell fast asleep; accompanied him to the old water mill, where he got his grist, and always was his companion upon his frequent fishing excursions. "Skcc/.icks." for such was the opossum's name, could take care of himself very wi-11. His teeth were very sharp, if not Ion* or large, as many an inquisitive negro discovered when resolved upon poldncr him in the ribs with a. view to guessing at the thickness of his layers of fat. Dogs were Ins special aversion, and he quickly thrashed all that en me in his way, the suddenness ami impi-tuosily of the attack frightening them out of their wits. The cynosure of all no-ro eyes wherever he'went Skcc/.icks bore his honors with becoming modesty. \Vhcn bVlix appeared the colored people gathered about the 'possum, gratefully sniffed the delicious perfume tho animal exhaled, and iinetuously smacked their lips, as memory trooped up fostivn scenes in which that creature graced the board nearly Homing in fat aud surrounded by dc.licions sugary sweet potatoes. Felix was perfectly acquainted with the weakness of his race and guarded his treasure as jealously as he did the apple of his eye. Skeexieks slept with him every night. A thousand attempts to steal tho amusing little fellow proved abortive, thanks to his own teeth and the eternal vigilance of his master. Alas, though/vigilance always relaxes, though it bo but for a moment. One night Skce/.icks was missing. Ills nearly heart-broken master searched all places and bribed a score of neighbors into interest with him; yet all unvailingly. Tho very next night Deacon .Sawney Elrider's daughter was married and a c-rcat juicy, fat 'possum was tho load- in- dish of the feast. This was in tho month of August, when 'possums, on account of their lean and "stringy" condition, arc- never bunted. Felix went over Lo Sawney's the day after the feast and charged him out and out with having stolen Skcczieks and served him hot to his guests. Althoiigli-Suwncy was a deacon ho was a remarkably silent man, who used no unnecessary words. The only reply he made to all the opprobious epithets and the serious charge was: "Proobo it, Bruh Felix." This he s::.id at the close of each attack of words, adding nothing to and taking nothing away, raged Felix declared, would prove the crime, goiu storm of wrath. Charges were formulated and Elder Biuford (V.I uc foot the negroes pronounced it) Nauglos called a church trial. When the time arrived the log mocting-houso was literally packed with tho brothers and sisters of the neighborhood, whoso duty it was to sit in judgment on the case. It was soon demonstrated that Felix was no mean antagonist, but a very active, energetic and persevering follow indeed. Ilia collection of evidence nnc presentation of it would have boon creditable in a practicing attorney. In short, the guilt was conclusive. A number of witnesses, none of whom were among tho deacon's guests at the marriage feast, gave most convincing testimony against the accused. One of them declared the deacon, after indulging in three or four largo drinks of "moonshine" whisky, had confessed to him the entire iniquity. Just here Elder "Bhwfoet," tho parson, arose and said with some feeling "Bruddcrn 'n' sistahs, eh, disser 'xainernation's gone fcr enough. Dar', sieh er ting cs tee-kin' 'n' sich cr mah- ter's stealin'. Ef hits cr tuckey, er rnebbe. er chicken, (ion dafs stealin' Some t'ings is deffrunt. Dar's p'ints •which colohed folks is weak-, 'n' dat'a tech in.' 2s ow do evidence done show dat Deacon Sawney tuck dat 'possum Ef dar's a niggah in dis yere house dat wouldn'er tuck him ef he gotten.a chainco, lot him 'n' her wotc guilty on Uisser charge. Mm 1 you," ho added raising his voice to its highest pitch "ef ho wouldn'er took it hisscl'! DC odors will wote not guilt}-."—Chicago Tribune. CJTThe administration has a tarin war on its hands, and it hardly know what to do with it. Had the reciproc ity svstcm TS^cn continued it wouh know*precisely how to handle it; but i threw away "the weapon of dcfens which it held, and now it is shaking before the bulldozing undertaking' o Germany and other countries. That i will submit is quite probable, and tha the continental countries, even if th differential sugar should be repealed will continue their differential war i also quite probable. All this comes o an incompetent congress andean tncom pctcnt administration,—Cincinnati Ga- te.tte. Finally the en- he could and oft iia a SINUATE PEAR BORER. 'lewf or Prof. Smith, of tho »w Jer«ey Experiment Station.. In the spring of 1S94 I received complaints from some farmers near Irving,on, Essex county, X. J., of a borer that was injuring pear trees. Personal nvestigation showed tho presence of an insect theretofore entirely unknown to me, and of which I had not seen any notice in American literature. It was a beetle larva, and obviously belonged to a member of the genus Agrilns, an allay of the larva producing galls on blackberry and raspberry canes; but no member of the genus was known to attack fruit trees in the eastern United States. I found that in the entire Irvington and Hilton district, several miles in extent, all the pear trees were more or less infested and were sickly- evidently dying off. The bark on these .trees showed peculiar dark, somewhat depressed lines,' and was sometimes cracked. Slit-in"- oft a section down to the sap wood,"l found broad, shallow burrows or channels, partly in the bark aud partly in the wood, dry and brown in color, more or less tilled with sawdust and frass. These channels were very irregular, zigzagging from side to side, but not evenly; sometimes furm- ing a Ion? bond to or.c side and a short one to the other, or again reversing this. Sot only the trunks, but the branches were tlackt-d, and later I found that even nursery trees, or those jr.si set out, did not escape. Following the course of the burrow.- the culprit would be found in the shayc of a white, Ilal.toncu larva, varying from half an inch l:> ::n inch or more in lenr-lh, tin- uiiloriorsegmentvcryimicb enlarged, thu following two decidedly smaller, and beyond thai the joints were . butalM-aysstrongly mr.rkod, the last ending in a pair of little brown curved points o:-hooks. V. her- ever these larrai were numerous the, tree sickened from the interruption to. the How of sap, and in the course of time, as the' borings met, the girdling became-, complete, aitfl the tree died. Further investigation resulted in the discovery of the adult beetle, which is bronJ-.e-bvowti in color, very slender, and about one and one-third inch in length. This prcfrcrl eventually to be Agrilns sinnstus Olivier, a European species which had not been previously found Middl* flt*»N Forty Xmn Ago. . . . Forty-two years ago last New Year's day the last through United States .mail arrived by stage coach from Baltimore at Wheeling, W. Va., says the Baltimore Sun. John E. Eeeside. now a resident of Baltimore, was in charge of the stage wliich made the last trip, arriving in Wheeling New Year's day, 134S. Mr. Reeside's father, the late James EeesJde, was a pioneer in this travel. The son entered the same business •when about fifteen years old, and continued extending stage-coach lines westward until they reached the Pacific coast Railroads foDowed in the wake of the coach lines and took away their business of carrying passengers and mails. Probably the most interesting of Mr. Reeside's e-Tperiences were in connection with the national road, or "old pike," projected by the national government in 1800. This road extended from Cumberland, Md., westward over the AUeghanies to the Ohio river. It was the main artery of travel for passenger, mail and freight traffic until the Baltimore & OMo railroad took its place. From Baltimore to Cumberland tho turnpike was older, having boon constructed by private persons and companies. "The stage-coach headquarters in Baltimore," said Mr. Keeside, "were at_old liarnum's hotel and the Fountain inn, which stood on the site of thcCarrollton hotel. The coaches used were open at the front and sides, with seats for cloven passengers-besides (.ho driver. All scats faced the front of the vehicle. Saddlebags, which wore carried in that hung on tho posts supporting the lop of tho sta A small rock behind for trunks was seldom used. A tin lantern, with a tallow clip, plfiecJ over the driver was used at night. "Four .strong horses drew those coaches, with relays every ton or twelve miles at stages or stations, from which probably came tho name of the vehicle. The average rate of faro was six cents a mile. At first" travel was only in tho daytime, with stops over night at the Bumberous excellent inns or taverns which lined the road. "One of the great obstructions to travel along tho road were largo droves of cattle, sheep aud hogs being driven from western plains to eastern markets. The cattle especially, with their long horns pointed toward the oncoming coach, made a formidable obstruction. "The two hundred and seventy-two miles from Baltimore to Wheeling were first made in four days, with nightly stops. The best stage coach time was afterward reduced to fifty hours by tho old Eclipse line, established by James Reosido. 7 ' Mr. licesidc is probably the only surviving si-ngo coach contractor of national prominence. Ho is a native of Cumberland. Samuel Lurman, said to bo the oldest living stage coach driver, now lives in Cumberland. a. c A SEW PEST OF THE PE.IR, n, Agrllus stnu.-itus. ndull tjpsllo: b, full- fH-own larva: c, one of tuo »a:il liool;3 moro eniarffCil: J, pup:il cell In Hie solid wood. Tlic last unnravliw shows a sample of burrows In youii;: pcnv tree, froia :i pnoiosnpli. This is tho Ili-st pub'.tcuUon In Amcrlcn of olUiov tho description or-ill-jstracloa o! ibis serious post aiul llic rcraedy for It. in the United States. It is known in Franco and Germany as a serious pest to pear trees, and its life, history had been only recently made out in the latter country. Wo had to do then with an imported pest, ami I found later that it was brought over in pear stocks about ten years ago The beetle makes its appearance about tiro middle of May. iiics only in the hottest sunshine, and lays, its eggs in the bark some time in .Tune. Karly in July the very minute larva) may bo found in 'the sap-wood, and they feed until winter, becoming by that time about three-quarters of an inch in length. Food ing is resumed in spring and continues until September, when the larva is from one and one-quarter to one and one-half inches in length. It then bores into the solid wood about one-quarter of nn inch and forms a cell, in wliich it rests until Marcher April, when it changes to a pupa, anc soon afterward- to n beetle. Thus the larva feeds two years ia the trees, anc during that time forms channels from six to°eight inches in length. So fa/as I have been able to ascertain, the insect is still confined to eastern Now Jersey, not extending south below Elizabeth, but said to extent northward into Sew York state. 1 have no' evidence of its presence in the states of the central west, but pear- gvowors who have found it should so report. This is an insect that spreads slowly; but it will undoubtedly spread, aud ft behooves growers to be on the look-out for it ' • As to the remedies to be adopted, nothing very definite can be said. In, Europe slitting the bark is recommended, and this has been done with soiao success by some of the Xew Jersey growers. In France it is suggested that tho trees be protected by covering the trunks with straw, which is to be afterward coated with, coal tar. In Germany a mixture of cow dung and clay, formed into a paste and plastered on "the trunks, is advised, the mass to be kept in place by bandages of some cheap fabric. This is said to kill the larvro in their burrows, to stimulate tho bark. :lnd to facilitate the healing over of the burrows made by the insects. I am in hopes of getting a more simple and easily applied material to answer the same purpose, but am npt ready vet to make definite reccoromendaticns. ONIONS will stand more fertilizing than any other crop we know of. They are rank feedersand pay well for extra oare. They .do best on a loose, friable soil that will not buke after a rain, though any- land that will grow corn will produce a crop. TERRAPINS AS PETS. Easily T:imml ami 3!ny Bo Taught to Do Certain Trlclts. The latest fad in the way of domestic pets is tho diamond-backed terrapins. They can be found now in artists' studios, men's smoking-rooms, and even in the ladies' boudoirs, says the I-Tow York World. Tho terrapin is a most convenient pet so far as feeding him is concerned. You can train him to cat, almost anything in the way of meat, or if you do r.ot give him anything to eat at all for a year or so it does not appear to distress him to any great degree. It ^only increases his wakefuincss and activity. At first lib will only feed in water, and will cat nothing but, hard or sof I shell crabs aud clams. Uc is especially fond of tho former. After a time, however, as ho becomes more domesticated, ho will readily devour cooked beef or mutton chopped up fino, and will learn to take it out of j'our hand. Wbcn Crst introduced into the domicile the diamond-back is very restless. He seems to want to investigate every possible corner of the house. Bat as soon as he has taken the bearings of his quarters ho subsides into a- condition of quiet content imd will allow you to try to teach Mm tricks. Everybody who possesses a diamond-back speaks of the readiness with which they can be turned. A well-known New Yorker declares that ho has succeeded in teaching his terrapin to do the cianse du vcntre. But this cannot bo verified. EXTRAORDINARY VITALITY. The tongnvity of TwaiO nod rrnRH Said to Do SurpflHln^. became- dry, stiff n.nd almost friable, but a gradual heat brought thorn back to life. Vulpian observed a return of life in frogs and salamanders that had been poisoned with curate and "nicotine. In both cases the animals in question had been for several days in the condition of cadavers. Toads have been shut up in blocks of plaster, and then, having- beer, deprived of all air except what may penetrate- through the material, and of nil sources of food, resuscitated several years afterward. •• The question presents one of the most curious problems that biological science has boon called on to explain. The. longevity and vital resistance of toads are surprising. Ber- sides the experiments we have cited, nature sometimes presents some already made, and vastly more astonishing. LJOOD'S Sarsaparilla wins its way rl into the confidence of the people by the good it is doicg._ _Fair trials •-- permane r »- CU >•""*• for Infants and Children iHTRTT ywm' ob^rvatioa of Cg.torU with th* million, of p.r.011.. pormtt « to .p«*A of it witl«m« It i. M.qn«.tlon»lily th» bo»t remedy for Inftmt. m»A CMMr«» th. world k«. know*. It 1. ChiMr«m Hfc. it. K h«»lth. It will -™ I- H Mott.*. child'* mediclu*. Cartorift de»troy» Worm*; Ca.torU <JUy» reverUhnoM. C»«torU prevent, vomiting SonrCmj; CottorU cure* Pion-hoo* *nd Wind Cc-Mo. Coatoria relieve. Toothing TrouT>Ic». Caotorla euro. Con^pation and Flatulency. C^toria n*ntrali», t1.« «^t» of Castoria doo. not oontofax Ca.torl» the food, regulates tho Ktoj E ach_a E giving h«alttgjuia_patqrol sloop. Ca.torill, pnt np in onc-sizo bottle* only UIow any one that it i* ",p»t.» L g ood " Sea that you pet C-A-S-T-O-R-I-A, Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria. For Sale by W H Sorter •'A FAIR FACE MAY PROVE A FOUL BARGAIN." MARRY A PLAIN GIRL IF SHE USES Toads arc sakl to have been found in rocks. Such cases arc rare, but it would bo as unreasonable to doubt them a-s to believe in f,ome of the miraculous explanations that have been made of tho matter. The phenomenon i.s marvelous, it is true, but it is supported by evidence that we arc not ablo to contest; and skepticism, which is incompatible with science, will have to disappear if rigorous observation shall confirm it. liorrowInK In uiinyioniii. In ancient Babylonia, as in modern China the normal effect of a loan way supposed' to be beneficial to the borrower. In Egypt, judging from the form of the deeds, the idea was that. tho creditor asserted a claim upon the debtor, or the debtor acknowledged a liability to the man from whom he had ban-owed. In Babylonia, the personal question is scarcely considered: one person owes money to another—that is the commonest thing in the world- such loans are in a chronic state of be- in"- incurred and paid off; one man_s debt is another man's credit, and credit being tho road of commerce the loan is considered rather as part of the negotiable capital of the country than as a burden on the shoulders of one particular debtor.—Frioiitivc Civilizations— SimcOi. Koth at tfork. Mrs. Strongmind—llcre I'm working night a-nd day for the advancement of women, but I'd like to know what use you arc in the world. Mr. S.—lam working for the emancipation of man. "Eh! How?" "I am trying to make cotton cheaper." "The idea! What for?" "So that even the poorest man can afford enough to stop his ears with,"— 2?. Y. Weekly. • The Canadian minister of agriculture has ordered that all cattle entering any of the quarantine stations shall be subjected to the tuberculin test. One valuable bull was found to be affected with tuberculosis, and tho owner was given the alternative of having him slaughtered without compensation .or returning him to the United States, whence be came. Bounty for Pairjr Product*. The Dairv association of the province of Quebec is asking an annual grant of SiCO.OOO to enable the association to subsidize a line of steamers which would ;arry refrigerators for the i>iupment of butter,, cheese, bacon awi hams to Great Britain, which has an annual import of $117,000,000. Outdoor I'xv-rrlMN A brijflit woman doctor said the other clay: "£\vroiK> is the best remedy for that foe to age, corpulency: it. makes tfoo.1 jnu.sclc and iirm llesh, while )1 banishes fat. There can be no health, of the muscles without use of UiC muscles, and while physical culture exorcises, so'arranped «s to bring into use a.U the voluntary iui:.sclcs of the bo.-ly, • are indispensable to those who l-.-rul inactive lives, there are few who arc engaged in active work who would not be benefited by them. Mental influences also must receive great consideration would we grow young instead oT old for mental health is.the prime factor in physical health. The latter u nnt. oossibie without the former." - %*• nrrfiDC isafisssss» mf •§ •• • • 1C F d;w'«fie. I hn-d tPf** HOT SPRIliS wa« entirely cured— cared byS.S.S.wbcntbe world-renowned Hot r " WM. S. L.OOMJ3, Shreveport, La. A LADY'S TOILET Is not complete without an ideal POMPLEXiOi PGZZOff S ; Combines every clement of;'i beauty and purity. It is benuti- ' fvine, soothing, healine, heaith- ful, ai"l harmless, and when f rightly used is invisible. A most \_ delicate and desirable protection £ t« the face in this climate. y| Insist upon Itaving 1 tn« ge=ul=e. |

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