The Carroll Sentinel from Carroll, Iowa on January 4, 1895 · Page 6
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The Carroll Sentinel from Carroll, Iowa · Page 6

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Friday, January 4, 1895
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?\f> ^W^W^^ff^ V% DAILY AND WEEKLY. Uy POWJBliS A COLCLO. SUBSCRIPTIONS. Blush-oopy, an> mldtess, peryetU 1 , f! I tf l>:<i<l In iiifrnnce .1 K Tnn isSMTlKKi. IB a straight-out Democrat! MtM'htier working tor the advancement ot til terete ot tin; cause In Northwestern town Tbe circulation of THK Smmmiij fexoeedn tUi Ot »n> paper on the C. & N. W. Hallway west o darsballtowu. Our lists are open to anj adve, tlier. We have good lists In every town on a brunch roiuia, lists reaching the best farmer tnd bualneafl men In every commnnlty. Rates o •11 classes ot advertising reasonnble. Sche^ul ofratec f'irnlBlied on application to the offlcfc. COrresnondence desired on all topics of genera Interest. Be brief, write proper names plainly •nd have your letter reach us early as Wednes toy evening. Address, THE SENTINEL, Carroll. Iowa Rntere at the Carroll..Iowa, postoOlce, as se OBd class matter. Published weekly. FBIDAT, JANOAEY 4, 1895. (See preceding page for late telegraphic news New York city, for tbe first time in twenty yearr, hue a mayor that is not n Democrat. The new year bus jnet begun, bu good progress has nlrendy been made in breaking good resolutions. Up to data D B. Hill hue not, reaeivet any of the game ' shot by tb<s preeiden while ont on his last bunting trip. It looks like good old Republican days to see Addicks and Steve Elkins trying to buy their way into the United States senate.: : ' • John M. Thnraton, ot Omaha, has been .nominated by the Republican caucus of the Nebraska legislators for senator. Tburston has for years been a railroad and corporation attorney. Gov. Morton arrived nt Albany, N. Y. with bis wife, five daughters and eleven * aervents in time to be sworn into office The executive mansion is ''too email to accommodate the family and will be en Urged. , . ... ' . It is taken as a good indication to hear that Willie Breokenridge is not > making a bowling success in bis lecture tour and that the public is turning tbe cold shoulder to him. He should retire to 1 obscurity. Tbe bankers of New York city are now demanding that Carlisle be remove c from the cabinet. Tbe country is waiting to see it Cleveland will be willing to carry out their demands. We hardly think he will. Twenty-five millions ot gold have been , withdrawn from tbe United<8tates trees- 1 ury during tbe past twenty days. Less than ten millions of this was for expora- tion. The New York bankers are getting ready to make a raid for another issue ol , bonds. i Mrs. Bloomer,tbe lady who first introduced tbe garment bearing her name ' died at Council BInffe Sunday at the age ot 76. Mrs. Bloomer has built a monument out of flannel, the Chicago Times says, that will be more enduring ' than brsss._ In North Oarlina there are two senators to be elected. Tbe Republicans go in partnership with tbe People's party and each take a senator. In Iowa it is considered rank heresy for any party to foss with the"oontemptible Popnliste,"as tbo Republicans call them. Tbe reception given by. the president New Yeai's day was the greatest event that day in Washington. Mrs, Cleveland is said to have received every call that day with a kind word and a friendly hand shake. She is the most popular lady that ever presided over tbe white honse, . The Republican politicians of Chicago •M trying to down Shelby M. Oullom of Illinois, for the United States senate, bnt the old man will give the gang a few pointers on politics before ^long, H*» bis been a member ' of the American bouse of lords too long not to be able to •eoore a return from a Republican legis latnre. The price ot government bonds baa declined during tbe past few duye uud the syndicate has dissolved which pur phased tbe lust issue. 80 rapidly hue tbe gold been withdrawn from the treasury that it is feared that another issue will be made aud that the supply will decrease the demand aud tbe price of bonds decline still further, Practically nil the ports ot With the exception of the British are dosed against the iippoitotiou of Ameri- OAU cattle and beet products. Belgium WM *he last to close her parts against us. It WM doue ou the plea th«t pleura- pojimppla is prevalent in this country. It i« the opinion ot those best posted H»t Belgium has ouly followed the ex i»pU of Auetria, Oercauuy, Franca and plbjr Europeeu oouutriee in a retaliatorf •oMau ugalnet ue for the tariff duties jnj- pos«4 upon their sugar industries. 91^00)4 coogreei ubolieh this duty which 4ifWimlnat0« agaiust these countries, they would not be long iu returning to the conclusion that onr oattlo Were all right and the embargo would soon be raised. There can be but little doubt but. what there ia justice in their notion and congreBB will do well tp heed this warning, The most Bseuring el^ns that it will is in the fact that the pimkcra of tbifl country bnvp tnkpn np thu flght agiiifst the sugar (rust and bucked, as they will br, by the whole conntrj* the outoomd will surely be favorable. Banks Caught Iu Their Owii Trap. New York World. Since Deo. 5 the banks have drawn out ot the treasury $24,000,000 ot the gold so recently paid iu tor the new bonds. But only about $9,500,000 ot this gold has been shipped abroad. The other $15,500,000 has simply been called back in to the vaults of the banks. That is to say the banks, having made a good thing by lending to the government the money needed to keep up the gold'referve, have Bet to work to deplete the reserve again and thus compel the government to borrow Borne more ot their idle surplus. They bnve over reached themselves. By withdrawing gold for which they have DO use they have threatened the market with aoothef bond issue at nn early day. With this prospect ot an excessive supply/ the price ot bonds has declined until the syndicate has bad to dissolve, its members finding themselves loaded up with a heavy holding of bonds which they cannot sell at a profit. They are caught in their own trap. In their eagerness to repeat a profitable operation they have spoiled the market for the goods they hold and lost the profit on the transaction already made. They blame the treasurer for all this, but the fault really lies with their owu greed. But why should a great nation continue a financial system that renders all these jugglinge possible?. Why should we keep on trying to fill a sieve with water? Why do we not first stop up the holes ? ' iu Cold Weather. Wo observe that about this time of year many individuals benevolently disposed toward the human race are giving free advice to their fellow men about taking care of themselves In cold weather. Advice is perhaps tho only commodity we really enjoy giving away free. Perhaps that is why the self appointed doctors are so prqfuse and elaborate in their directions. One gem ue says you must never begin a journey until you have eaten yont breakfast. Then a liuo or two below this he says you must never under any circumstances take warm drinks before you go ont in tho cold. Shall we then drink ice water with our breakfast, 01 shall wo drink our ooflfeo stouo oold'i Which will be best? Don't loan your back up against anything that is cold, says the advisor. Keep your back well covered up; also your chest—that is to .say, you must take a section .of blanketing and out a hole iu the middle to put your head through. Let half of the thing hang down over your back, the other, half down over your chest, then put your clothes on over all this. It is true, you will look like Santa Clans or a stuffed paddy, but what's the odds?' Again,./ yon must never stand still in cold weather. When the thermometer registers freezing or thereabouts, driuk the.ioo water for breakfast, put on your padded blanket fore and aft and go ont. Cover your noso with a silk handkerchief. Then, with the padding on yon and tho ico water in yon, keep skipping about every second like a frisky young lauib or n floa. To bo still a moment is death. After you have taken exercise ol any iind, don't, aa yon value your life, ride in an open carriage or near tho open window of a oar. If you have a loud of lay to haul to market;, put a box all around it and then got into tho box, HO ;b»t you may not ride iu ou opou carriage. Mctautiiuo,-if iu spito of pudding yourself like a mutniny aud never going >ut aftor drinking anything warm and nailing yourself up iu a box every time rou go auywhoro after exorcising, you still got: cold and soro throat, as you will be oertam to do, thou stop talking at 01100. If wo talk while wo are horn-so, onr kind friend informs us we run the risk of f unimuoutly losing tho voice, go. f you are Jwttrno and wish to tell a man ils 'house is on fire, go and loom the leaf and dumb alphabet. Peace to Brazil. There in an unexpected guarantee of utorual poabe in the present condition if affairs iu Brazil Outgoing President 'itixoto really did behave himself aud live up liis place gracefully to incoming 'roaidont Moraoa. That of iteolf promised well for the future. President Pru- louto Moraos is described as A soriona, liguiflod mail, whose nature fits well bis Iret numo. Besides that, ho i« also de- oribod UH it uiau of liberal and oulight- sued viowa Tho presidents of moat Latiu-Aineri- oau republics have nn uupleawuit way tho heads off those wfco have pposod them or rebelled agaiuit Ihsw. aspiring Boutn American THE MEKAGEBIE HAS ITS PICTURE TAKEN. politicians have thus been disposed of untimely. But Moraes, to his credit he it said, has pardoned nearly all the Brazilians lately in rebellion except Hollo and Da Gam a. That was an excellent way to begin. If at the same time Moraes can manage to convoy through tho thi^ght atmosphere a message to all concerned that he ban take heads off and will do it quick on necessary provocation, theu perhans he will have peace. The best guarantee for permanent peace in Brazil, however, is. the fact that the Brazilian army and navy hate eaoh other like cold poison, and there is no chance of getting them together. | on SUOWSUOGB and with dogs and sledges. They have plenty of furs and woolens to keep them warm if the heat of the body can bo sustained without artificial means. If he gets back alive, Whitney will write a book. Ho will also have reason to congratulate himself. The upside down trolley is the name given to the new invention which places underground the electric wires that run trolley cars. . ii/u juaws. Various countries now have laws providing for the arbitration of disputes between employers aiJ*. employed. These laws mostly take shape of merely arranging for the method of procedure where arbitration has been agreed an or asked for. In England compulsory arbitration laws are pronounced a failure. But in the north of England the great iron and steel industry established for itself voluntarily a board of arbitration and conciliation. The board began operations 35 years ago. It constitutes a standing committee to settle grievances. One employer and ono workman from each establishment are represented therein, Tho employees elect their own representative annually in December. The Standing committee meets usually once a month. If its members fail to agree concerning any matter in dispute, a referee is called, whose decision is final. Before he makes it, however, he must summon witnesses from the works where the dispute is on and examine them. In 22 years this board of arbitration and conciliation has readjusted wages 60 times, always to the final satisfaction of those concerned. In the quarter of a century since it began operations nearly 000 disputes have been settled. The wage revisions were made in more than half the instances by arranging sliding scales. Franco two years ago put into effect an arbitration law. It is not compulsory, It did not begin to bo executed till Feb. 18, 1803, but by tho close of that year its application had been asked for in 109 instances, and 40 per cent of these disputes were satisfactorily settled at once. Under tho French arbitration law the authorities may intervene to end a labor dispute when- one or both parties to it ask for suoh interposition. The application is made to tho local justice of tho poaoo. He notifies both parties of the request. If they accept arbitration, then ho notifies both to Bond delegates to a council of conciliation. This is the first step, tho council of conciliation, Tf the council of conciliation fail to como to an agreement, the justice asks them to appoint a common arbitrator or more than ono. If the arbitrators fail, they themselves may choose an umpire and leave tho matter to him. This is final, If tho trouble goes so fur that a strike has already broken out, tho local justice may iuvito tho disputants to on arbitration party. Off For Frozen Caspar W. Whitney, who has started to explore tho freezing northern coast of America, himself has good prospect of freezing before ho gets baok. Peary has wintered in 11 north latitude, but he did not stir about izmob. Whitney, ou tho contrary, oxpoots to explore the eouut lino of northern British America during tho coldest mouths of tho year. Hu designs to hunt tho IUUSOJF ox, moouo uud caribou iu tho region beyond Great Slave lake. Hitherto exploration huj stopped at tho shoros of this lake, but Whituoy hopes to travel several hundred miles beyond this and reach tho shores of tho Avolio ooeuu. Thcmoe ho will strike off eastward to tho shores of Uud- sou bay nud homo. Whether ho goes for inouoy or for glory, young Whitney's return is at least problematical. There is no fuel in tho desolate frozen regions lie will traverse. The explorers will often bo unable to make a lire and then will have to eat tho raw flesh of tho game they shoot. They expect to live off .this gaine. They travel The fact that a Now York police captain will wear stripes in the penitentiary for three years nud nine months will do more to purify the municipal atmosphere of American cities than any other one agency. It shows that the era of reform is not a humbug. How about tho fate of that bill which has been introduced into the United States senate by Mr., Sherman, limiting the charges for sleeping and parlor oar gervioe? ' AOBIOULTOBAI, CHEMIHTBY. By tieo. Barclaj, The marvel of the present century, which will become a part of the history of this present age, will be tbe onward. progress of natural science, nor doee this progress exceed the sequent practical benefits. Geology has been the lever in raising agriculture and mining to their present high plane, and rolling from obscurity tbe vast bidden resources of our own country. Nor is agriculture ISM indebted to chemistry and zoology for aid in its development. It is a gratifying fact that a large number of onr farmers are cognizant of the good results we are reaping from tbe increase of stndy in science. Many see that from such investigation, stndy and research mast come, not only vast practical results, bnt also an increased stimulus towards a better mental culture and discipline, and best of all us there is sure to be a corresponding awakening and deepening ot tbe moral and religions character of onr people. Nearly every state in the nnion bu demonstrated its wisdom in liberally aiding study, research and investigation in geology, botany, chemistry and zoology, branches of natural science so internally connected with agriculture. Tbe general government has done a grand work and nation baa reaped a ten-fold reward for dispelling the mists ot indifference and Ignorance that enveloped agriculture half a century ago. Vast benefits have accrued to tbetoation from tbe noticing labors •nd close observation of those in charge of our experimental stations connected with our agricultural colleges and by individual investigation outside ot those institutions. We are deeply indebted to Pr. Harris, of MMsaohusette, for bis splendid work, "Insects injurious to vegetation ;" also to Dr. Fitcbe'a work on "Noxious Insects." Every tiller of tbe soil should learn something 'of the natural history and habits of insects. The earners also true ot chemistry and botany. By acquiring a habit of studying these brunches of natural science it will soon become a pleasant pastime, A store of valuable information will be garnered, an added charm will be given to our calling. • In presenting tbe subject of egrloalt- urtl chemistry, we should bear in mind that in this connection it bwi » two fold application. 1st. Chemical ansjysis of the soil, organic or inorganic, the process by which they are made veJusblr for plant food. 2d. Chemical analysis ot plants, grain, bones, muscle of animals, reveals tb» element* essential to their growth. Chemistry, the soieooe whioh shows tb* nature and properties ot bodies, plants or »oln»sl. Analysis ia tb* of « body or ol • subject into parts or lh» olttfiifloatlon of til matter WUbio the llwlts and ;«wj* of thi* paper we cannot nor do we purpose to go into the details of the subject, but simply call your attention to this mont interest' ing branch of soienee ( which is so intimately connected with and which bee dote so muoh for the advancement of agriculture, also to call your attention to the necessity of a better understanding of the condition and requirements of the soil and to maintain a high state of fertility, and not only that bnt to find ont the best methods of feeding stock. We may have nil the elements of plant food in tbe soil, aud tbe mechanical condition may be such as will cause a failure, The hooumulated fertility ot ngee, stored up in the soil has been by our past and present methods of farming exhausted or partially, so. We have drawn toojlong on nature's resources without making some returns. Tbe guano islands oC the sen, the plosphate rooks ot Europe ntd America the nitrate mines of China.and Pern, have been drawn upon to supply the farming world with their wealth of fertilizing material. Of Jthe nine substances or elements found'in the ash of all plants lime is the most essential and is indispensible to plant and animal growth, because a larger per cent of lime is found in them than any other element. We are told that neither salt, plaster nor lime are fertilizers. A plant food is considered to be anything that being contained in plants to a large extent, may be applied to the soil. Chemical analysis teaches us that ot the ash ot hay from 12 to 22 per cent is lime, clover 30 to 35 per cent. Wood ashes, so valuable on account of the potash in them, from 30 to 75 per cent is lime. Lime is absolutely necessary or eaorm- tLl to all plant growth, in some of its form ot carbonates or phosphates. Lime is also a very active chemical substance. If applied to any organic {natter for dead animals it will quickly decompose it and reduce it to its organic elements. Not only will lime decompose animal and vegetable matter bnt makes it valuable for plant food. It neutralizes injurious acids in tbe eoil that are fatal to plant lite. We are told that a complete manure or fertilizer coatains nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash. Yet salt, plaster/ and lime contain neither nitrogen, phosphoric acid nor potash. These last named ele menta of plant food are the ones moat generally found deficient in our soils and we believe with others, that they are tot the only substance that will increase the fertility of the soil. Lime makes tbe nitrogen and potash in onr soil more available. Tbe application of plaster to clover produces a marked effect. The The luiurient growth of the clover is surely produced by the plaster, still we are told that it is not a fertilizer. The same is also true ot salt when applied to wheat and cabbage shown by experiments we have made on different soils. We are aware 6f the fact that in claiming that salt, lime and Blaster contain ingredients of plant food sjbd stimulating properties to a marked degree, we may be treading on the "toes" of some scientist or ruthlessly , brushing aside some theory. The eastern farmer understands tbe value ot plaster and lime, even on laud well fertilized with barn yard manure. One of tbe most important lessons to be learned from tbe teaching <>C ch»iuii try it to know how to store up ',ml !i,; n, ,1.0 soil that all important i-lmm-ut of plant Food and sustenance of plant life—nitrogen. Four-fifths of the air i* •composed ot nitrogen aud will not support animal life. Much has been found out about tbe •ssiinllittion of free nitrogen by plants and numerous and extensive investigations have been curried on in order to ascertain what plants have tbe power to make use of free nitrogen. All the leguminous plants have beeu.-studied because of their power to enrich the soil tu nitrogen. Among all plants clover atuude the highest. Its power to gather uud fix iu the eoil free nitrogen, is so well known that we will say no more ou this part of the subject. Tbe question whether we ebuutd apply phosphoric acid aud nitrates to the soil in the form ot commercial fertilisers or develop them from tbe soil by the use ot green man- ares and tbe application ot salt, lime and plaster is ouly a question of dollars d oents. All elements of plaut food of whatever Sheriff's Sale, NoUoe It hereby alvoii llmt by virtue ot a tr» uwirtpiexeuuttoii.io uw direohxl ty ttio oiork of;iio dlblrlot uuurc of Oar roll cuuiiiv, lowu. luittiliut tUo uoocJtt, olmttuU, lumls, tgiiemunU eft,, of I Iruni Von Uiulou uud iltn. lllrum You liuuen, d«ft>iiduut«, In favor ot tiroen Hay Lumber uomtiuuy, iiluluUU, >i will offer »t public nftiu to 'tliB bistwH aud butt bidder furoft«b, ut thudoor ul tha court JioiiKi', tu thv town of Carroll, comity of Carroll, lowu, on lUti 2nd duy of ruUruury, idW. between HID liour* o(0 o'clock a. in. uud 4 o'ulwii w, ou nit a day, «ii of ««td d«t«uu»uu iu, tltlu uini l/itowx Iu aud to thv foliolim d™ •wluodrwil twist*, iiuwtwl hi Carroll uountv. to-ttlt: Boutli half of noutuwwt uunrton of seotlon IWrtHwoIW towuWlp il«uWv«'{8?) Muwtblny-Iwur (W taC«nWuouutr Iowa. Bile IP couiaonoa at two uour of aOoWwMu.iu, «f wtlddny. w WtMNIMW URUdtbU 8u5 *V Pf T. V. Burlwo, ftUoruoy lot ii BUoriB UurrolT couufy iilulutlfl. name, must b« brotitftit hii>i and available-condition by tbe ohfebii notion of bent, air and moisture upoto them and Upon eaoh Oth3r, and indepett* dently of the fact whether flotoe ot Jhfr elements found by chemical analysis ib all plants are fertilizers or dot. Nn one will question their value. The richest pbnapbates are made from bones and potnsh, and are very essential to plant and animal life. Sulphate of ammonia,, muriate of potasb t enlphate of sods, in some ot these many dbemloal combinations, are found in all plants. We are impressed with the idea that perhaps electricity plays a most important part in the growth and development of the vegetable and animal kingdoms. I believe it to be one ot nature's most important agents in preparing and, making available other elements of plank food or its direct influence on the plant nud animal organs ot aesimulatiou, We know not what research and investigation on this line will develop in the future. This electric energy found everywhere and in everything, like some of the chemical elements we have nailed your attention to, are yet claimed by some as not possessing any fertilizing power within themselves. Electricity mar be more important in the economy of/the plant and animal kingdoms than we are at the present time aware of. . We now call your attention briefly to- the chemical elements ot animal food. We have tried to show yon what chemistry has taught us iu regard to the elements of plant food. That is one of the most fascinating and important brunches- of science the farmer can study. What is the nearest a perfect food to be found, among the cereals, containing all the essentials to make a perfect animal? Corn' is an incomplete or one-sided ration, having a too large a proportion ot carbonaceous matter. Chemistry tenches* ua to feed that which will produce the- most lean meat. We should, feed a ration which will cause the most rapid growth and development of the muscular parts and to supply enough ot the starchy or carbonaceous material to supply fuel or heat to the animal and pio- dnoe n moderate supply or amount of fat.. A mixture of oorn-meal,cil-meal,bran and hay will be found to be rich in porteia and 'the carbohydrates. Young stock and milch cows require less ot those foods- that are rich in carbonaceous matter and more of those rich in portein and the- carbohydrates. There is no truth that needs more or greater emphasis today than this that the farmer must do more than cultivate' the soil. He must cultivate and train his intellectual powers and he should study those branches of natural science* which are so intimately connected with his bnsineex ot farming and etookraising,. namely geology, chemistry, botany and zoology, Deo. 20. 1894. . Xr- George W* Benjamin, MlMOurl Good Advice Quicklyjollowed Cur«d of Rheumatism bjr Hood's Sarsaparllla. • "0.1, Hood ft Co., lowell, Haas.; H Iwo»takeii down with ruouraatlun over * year ago. I was slot for over »ls montbs. Often I would have such pains that I couV hardljrpndura them. A-Irlcnde ' jio to try 1 orda Jooa's Barta t a pot It, ij ** * Ivlsod i him at his word L uv« takou eight 1 It Haa Cured Me When tbe dootors pould do me no good WB*|> ev«. After bolug benefited BO muoh from tW» medicine I describe'Hood's BwMpMlU*, ssf< wonderful niodUtluo, I aUo aavue even oui who U troubled will! rueumat&niilwtS> bewlflC HoodV^Curei Mood's Pill* wt taxi n»d»,«o4 puts* Isipreporttea Md mpwm»>. 860, § box, Wanted A MAJUn every wo- VV ttUWU loBa * staple goods to deulorej no. peddling; periauos uuDepMearyj bent side Hoe. 875 00 « month. Salary ond expenses or large commission mads, Acldrsss with a two cent slump for smiled parllou- lure, Ollftou Boat) and Munufaoturtug Company. QliiolpnaU, Ohio.

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