Page 20 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA MAY 26, 1965 $1 biliion for improved Minuteman who cares? The Air Force now has a billion dollar program to replace the present Minuteman missiles with an improved model. So inured is the public to such asti-onomical expenditures that the announcement of tiiis colossal project causes no audible reaction whatsoever. Tills reflects an amazing confidence of laymen in the judgment of the scientific, industrial and militaiy community. Nobody bothers to raise questions, such as: —Why does tlie U. S. need an ICBM with more range? Minuteman I is billed as having enough reach to cover tai'gets in virtually all of Russia. —^\Vhy does Minuteman need to can-y more payload? The present model is billed as having a nuclear wai'head. To a layman that means it ought to be able to do its job. —Why doss the guidance system need to be Improved? The impression has been given that the Minuteman I knows how to find a target. —Why isn't the system of launching by controllers in underground rooms sufficient? Why is it necessai-y to now add the capability of launch on command from an airplane? For a billion dollars, at least four questions ought to be in order. Indeed, the asking and the answering would seem to be in line with the belief of Gen. Tom Power fonner chief of the Strategic Air Command, that half of the strategy of deterrence consists in letting Russia understand the capability of tlie U.S.A. No new dollar after all For quickly cancelling his absurd directive to the mint to coin 45 million silver dollars, Lyndon Johnson must be given credit. A stubborn President, bent on saving face, would have stuck with his original order. But Ml". Johnson certainly knew that the making of cai-twheels would be contrary to the public interest. There is no shortage of dollars in circulation, thanks to paper money. The dol- lai-s would have merely become souvenirs and something for speculators to deal in. On the other side of the equation, the mints need all of their capacity to make the denominations of coins that are in critically short supply. Also, the U.S. is nmning low on silver and has none of this precious metal to waste on unnecessary dollai's. Perhaps the purpose of Mr. Johnson's May 15 directive to the mint to make cai'twheels was to put up a balloon to make good on a promise to his Senate Majority Leader, Mike Mansfield, and let other members of Congress shoot it down. That's the way it worked. The voice of members of the coinage committees gave the President the political support neces- saz-y to cancel the directive. Now that we have had the foolishness, let's get on with the business of deciding how the United States government is going to provide enough coins for the needs of the nation. A drastic change is required — either reduction of silver in coins or its outright elimination. Whatever the decision, it's going to be a hard one to make. Rear seat belts, too Passed by the Assembly on Monday, AB 1593 would require new cars sold in California after January 1, 1967 to be factory equipped with two rear seat belts. This move is somewhat ahead of the prevailing attitude of California motorists. Many feel that the two seat belts which are now required in new cars are protection enough. "We don't use the back seat very much. Belts hardly seem necessary for occasional passengers," might be a typical expression. Yet, the Facts files of 1965 contain many accident reports which all raise the same question: "Would they have been thrown out . . . would they have been hurt or killed, if they had been using belts?" Usually it is the driver or the "co-pilot" who is involved because the front seat is the most used one. But there are a number of ti-agic stories that argue for the protection of those in the back seat, as well. Once belts are in a car and people become accustomed to using them, the apathy barrier is broken. Still, the history of seat belts in California is that it takes the Legislature to get most of them installed in the first place. Being prone to follow the line of least resistance, most of us won't order back seat belts on oiu- own initiative, but we will be content to pay for them with the price of a new car if the Legislature makes us. The Newsreel It's hard to convince the young people of today that back in the pioneer times baked our own bread and washed our own automobiles. Congressman Sludgepump is puzzled by the reports that underdeveloped countries are lacking in qualified persons for govex-nment jobs. "What's the matter?" he asks, "Haven't they ever heard of relatives?" Among smaller nations, about the only one that hasn't had a coup this spring is Disneyland. A friend, temporarily unemployed, suggests to his wife that there is no point in his advertising the fact to the neighbors by doing a lot of yai'dwork around the house. With a Grain Of Salt By Frank and Bill Moore After the Baldwin Hills dam broke in Los Angeles last year, some unkind words were said about men who build and supervise dams. This has made civil engineers skittish. They regard with misgivings any dam site that presents less than 100 per cent solid granite—bottom and sides— for anchorage. One of these is at the site of the Cedar Springs Reservoir of the Feather River Aqueduct. The location—as you look northwest from Redlands—is on about the line of Lake Arrowhead, but farther down tlie other side of the mountain. Recently the stage engineers wlio are planning the reservoir admitted that they are something less than overjoyed by the geology of the dam site. They are pausing to take a second look. Clearly, tliis presents a challenge to all Sidewalk Superintendents. .Answering the call to duty we drove the 37 miles Sunday by way of Crestline. In the small mountain settlement of Cedar Springs there are evidences that the upper reaches of the reservoir site are being cleared. Here you will see a cabin that is jacked up on a house-moving rig, ready to be hauled away. There you will see tlie stone foundation where a house used to stand. The small store is still operating. Nearby houses are undisturbed. The kids play in the yards. Life goes on. Inquiring of the natives we learned little about the reservoir which seems to be a touchy subject at the moment. We were referred to a state sign which gives the vital statistics of the project, as originally planned. The dam would be 280 feet high, 2.500 feet along the crest, holding 200,000 acre feet of water in a lake having a surface area of two and half square miles. Driving down the highway a mile or more we came to the dam site. Here the little mountain valley of Cedar Springs would be walled off by a ridge —a natural dam—separating it from the Mojave desert, if the stream had not cut a gateway. It is this opening that will be barricaded with a half-mile dike to form the reservoir. Since no one was around, we had to figure out the situation for ourselves. We soon ascertained that the engineers had surveyed a line across the gateway on the axis of the dam. Then they had drilled a series of test holes, some on the axis line, and some upstream from it and some downstream. AU of these holes would be under the dam v.'hen it was built. A typical hole, or "well", is 175 feet deep and has a 4-inch steel casing in it. As the drill goes down through different strata it brings up the "picture" of what is below. What the Xray is to the doctor studying a broken bone, the test hole is to the geologist. With consideration for us Sidewalk Superintendents, the surveyors had stuck laths in the ground by some of the test holes. On these were written with grease pencil a short hand account of what the drillers found. If our interpretation of these notations is right test hole No. 8 revealed, for example: from a depth of 24 to 56 feet, moderate fracture; 56-GS, fractured granite; 68-103, granite; 103-114, shear; 114-134, granite; 134-147, shear; 147 to bottom at 150, granite. After pondering these "X- rays", and much other data, it is for the engineers, geologists and seismologists to decide on the corrrct design for a dam in that location. Until they do, no bulldozers will appear to begin the vast job of moving earth. By 1972 the reservoir should be filled with Feather River water and releasing a flow through a tunnel through the mountains. Locally this water wiU come to San Bernardino, Colton, Red- Balancea View Lindsay still in difficult spot By Doris Fleeson Redlands Yesterdays FrVE YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 93, lowest 51. Preliminary 1960 census figures released today give Redlands a population of 26.634 which is 416 below state's population estimate made last year. Marina Seller, of West Berlin, first foreign exchange student to attend Redlands High, bids farewell to school friends. Provident Federal Savings and Loan association of Riverside reveals interest in locating a branch office in Redlands. TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 62, lowest 52. Straw ballot on a proposed freeway route sot for June 14. Legion and veteran interest to consult with City Council which is staring intently at cost factors of maintaining Veterans Affairs center in city hall. Claudelte Clock installed as president and Lois Friedman as vice president of Hi-Tri. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 84, lowest 50. Glenn Emmerson nominated for commander of American Legion Post 106. K-0 Minstrel show termed a big hit with audience its first night, and another 1,000 persons have reserved seats again tonight. University of Redlands classes end, and announcement made of graduating class numbering 250, largest in history. THREE FIRSTS NEW YORK (UPI) — In the three years since .MEDICO merged with care, three "firsts" were started — the first eye bank in Jordan, the first neurosurgical unit on the mainland of Malaysia, and the first orthopedic hospital in Tunisia. lands, Mentone and Yucaipa via the San Bernardino Valley Municipal Water District. The lake, itself, will attract thousands of people and most of them towing boats will make the trip by Cajon Pass. They will find a reservoir with a very irregular shore line, mostly brush covered. Situated at the edge of the desert it will often be windy and covered with white caps. In summer it is hke- ly to be very hot, but in Spring and Fall, pleasantly cool. TELEVISrON mm m WEDNESDAY NIGHT 5:00— 5—Shebang 7—News 9—Laurel and Hardy 11—Billy Barty 13—Lloyd Thaxton 5:30- 7—News 9—Mr. Magoo 11—Mickey Mouse Chib 5:45— 4, 7—News 6:00— 2—News 5—Forest Rangers 7—Movie 9—9th Street West 11—Paul Winchell 13—Ruff & Reddy (c) 6:30— 4—News 5—Leave It to Beaver 13—Peter Potamus (c) 7:00— 2—News 4—Death Valley Days 5—Rifleman 7—Bing Crosby 9—Ensign O'Toole 11—Bachelor Father 13—This Exciting World 7:30— 2—l\Ir. Ed 4—Virginian (c) 5—Danger Is My Business 7—Ozzie & Harriet 9—Travel '65 11—One Step Beyond 13—Islands in the Sun (c) 8:00— 2—My Living Doll 5—Wrestling 7—Patty Duke 11—77 Sunset Strip 13—Richard Boone 8:30— 2—Beverly Hillbillies 7—Shindig Music 9—Movie 9:00— 2—Dick Van Dyke 4—Movie 11—Sara Benedict 13—True—Jack Webb 9:30— 2—Our Private World 7—Burke's Law 13—Rebel 10:00— 2—Danny Kaye 5, 11—News 13—.Adventure Theatre 10:15— 9—News 10:30— 5—Richard Diamond 7—ABC Scope 9—Playhouse Nine 13—News and Sports 11:00— 2, 4, 7—News 5—Tom Duggan 9—Movie 11—Merv Griffin 13—Movie 11:15—4—Johnny Carson (c) 7—Nightlife—Variety 11:30— 2—Jlovie THURSDAY DAYTIME 9:00— 2—News 4—Truth or Consequences 5—Market Place 7—Pamela Mason 9—King and Odie 11—Jack La Lanne 13—News 9:15— 5—For Kids Only 9—Babysitter 13—Guideposts 9:30— 2—1 Love Lucy 4—What's This Song? 5—Romper Room H—Best of Grouclio 9:45—13—Guideposts 9:55— 4—News 10:00— 2—Andy Griffith 4—Concentration 7—Mike Douglas 9—Movie (c) 11—Movie 10:15—13—Movie 10:30— 2—McCoys 4—Jeopardy (c) 5—Movie 11:00— 2—Love of Life 4-Call My Bluff (c) 11:15—13—Assignment Education 11:25— 2—News 11:30— 2—Search for Tomorrow 4—I'll Bet 7—Price is Right 9—Spectrum 11—Lunch Brigade 13_Yoiir Star Showcase 11:45— 2—Guiding Light 11:55— 4—News 12:00— 2—Loretta Young 4—Let's Make a Deal (c) 5—World Adventures 7—Donna Reed 9—Drama '65 13—Robin Hood 12:25— 4—News 12:30— 2—As the World Turns 4—Moment of Truth 5—Topper 7—Father Knows Best 11—Movie 13—Letters to the Manager 12:45—13—News 1:00— 2—Password 4—Doctors 5—Ray Milland 7—Rebus 9—Movie 13—Movie 1:30— 2—House Party 4—Another World 5—Burns and Alien 7—Girl Talk 2:00— 2—To TcU the Truth 4—You Don't Say! (c) 5—Peter Gunn 7—Flame in the Wind 2:25— 2—News 2:30— 2—Edge of Night 4—Match Game 5—Thin Man 7—Day in Court 9—9 On The Line 2:55— 4, 7—News 3:00— 2—Secret Storm 4—Everytliing's Relative 5—Movie 7—General Hospital 13—Rocky (c) 3:15—13—Felix the Cat (c) 3:30— 2—Jack Benny 4—Movie (c) 7—Young Marrieds 9—King and Odie (c) 3:45— 9—Funny Company (c) 4:00— 2—Movie 7—Trailmaster 9—Jungle 11—Hobo Kelly (c) 13—Courageous Cat (c) 4:30— 5—News and Features 9—Astroboy 4:45—13—Rocky & His Friends NEW YORK-The third week of Rep. John V. Lindsay's campaign for Mayor of New York starts without a formal name for his ticket or Democrats of stature pledged to run with him. Controller Abraham D. Beame has been encouraged to reveal that he will run for somethmg he calls "independent controller" on the Democratic line and possibly on Lindsay's line if it is available. Lmdsay is con- sidermg it. Beame says he will support his fellow-Democrat, Mayor Robert Wagner, when he agrees with him and not support Wagner w-hen he disagrees with him. The Mayor swallowed this ambiguous dose without a chasei-. He said they were good friends. Beame's press has been conspicuously better than the mayor's. K New York citywido ticket also includes president of t h e City Council. Incumbent Paul R. Screvane, Democrat, is mute so far. He has less appeal for Lindsay than the fiscal conservative, Beame, who has described the Mayor's money plans as threats to "the credit and financial standing of the city." This apparent confusion will be clear to the city, wliich understands that the road winds uphill all the way to City Hall for a Republican but that candidates of proved independence have a chance. Beame's independent aspect rests upon his differences with Wagner, as he is a regular, not a reform. Democrat. Lindsay's press releases do not say "Republican," nor will his billboards. But he will need it for his voting line plus a name, still missing, to signalize his independence. The elation with which Repub licans hailed his candidacy as proof of their comeback is partly responsible for the wariness of Democrats toward him. National Chairman Ray Bliss, for example, claimed a role in encouraging Lindsay to make tha race, which is perhaps understandable but poor propaganda for New York City voters. Tliey are mad at Mayor Wagner or say they ai-e, not at President Johnson, and a national Republican hold on them is, to put it mildly, unproved. Not for nothing is New York called the cross Republicans have to beai- in a Presidential election. Lindsay also confronts the fact of an unusual legislative election this fall coincident with the mayorality poll. This wUl spur the majority Democrats to unusual efforts to maintain their present control of the legislature. In the city. Republicans cannot hope to profit as much. What could put Lindsay over is genuine disenchantment with the three-term Mayor. This is expressed in his own party in factional feuds, a reform Democratic movement, county leadership fights and seemingly endless private bickering in the city and at Albany. The Republican organization is too wealc to reap an advantage. Lindsay might, by tlie power of his personality. Whatever happens about the ticket and the organization problems, he will campaign for a fresh start at City HaU under Lindsay leadership. He could well seem even more of a lone wolf than Fiorello LaGuardia, wiio knew the political ropes thoroughly and was never suspected of being loved too much by the RepubUcan Party. (Copyright. 1965, by United Feature Sjmdicate, Inc.) THE DOCTOR SAYS Vifamins are essential to vital body functions By Dr. Wayne G. Brandstadt LIGHTER SIDE By DICK WEST Cheoting in high places "Queen Elizabeth took 10 days to 'da' Gemany-we did it in threel" WASHINGTON (UPI) — As the author of an uncompleted book titled, "How To Succeed at Bridge Without ReaUy Cheating," I feel a little guilty about the deplorable turn of events at the recent World Team Tournament in Buenos Aires. Had I been able to finish the book before those matches were held, it might have prevented the shocking situation which arose when two British players were accused of improperly exchanging information. The British partners, Terence Reese and Boris Schapiro, were alleged to have used hand signals to let each other know what cards they were holding. It so happens that this was one of the main points I had intended to discuss in my book. At present, bridge players may legally convey information to each other by means of bidding "conventions" such as Blackwood, the one-club opener, the unusual no-trump and the negative double. Before a match begins, each partnership makes known to its opponents what conventions it intends to employ. This system is all right as far as it goes, but it fails to take into account the fact that human bemgs can make some 700,000 different and meaningful gestures through body movements and facial expressions. The range is so great that it is virtually impossible to keep players from deliberately passing information by gesticulation if they are so inclined. They may even do it subconsciously. My wife, for example, employs what is known as the "unusual eyebrow" convention. Anytime her left eyebrow is tilted out of its normal position, I know that I have bid the wrong suit. I myself have rather immobile eyebrows, but I do have very expressive shoulders. Although vitamins have been known for more than 60 years, many people still think of them as a source of energy — which they are not. They regulate growth and other vital body functions and without them serious deficiencies will develop. But energy is supplied only by carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Vitamin A is found in milk, eggs, liver and yellow and leafy green vegetables. It is necessary for normal growth in children and at all ages for good vision, especially at night. A deficiency of this vitamin is rare in the United States but excessive amounts can cause poisoning. This is found chiefly in persons who eat the Uver of bears or seals. Vitamin B is found in lean meat, dried yeast and whole grain cereals. Because it has been found to be composed of many parts it is now spoken of as the vitamin B complex. Since all of its parts are soluble in water it is easily eliminated from the body and massive doses will not cause poisoning. The complex includes thiamine (B-1), riboflavin (B-2), pyridoxine (B-6), cobalamin (B-12), folic acid, pantothenic acid, niacin and biotin. Thiamine is necessary for the proper working of the heart and nervous system. A deficiency of this vitamin causes beriberi, a disease that is characterized by weakness and wa terlogging. Riboflavin is needed for healthy skin and it helps you tolerate bright light. A deficiency of this vitamin causes cracking of the skin, especially at the angles of the mouth, and Teletips TOP SHOW: — 9:00, Chan. 2. Dick Van Dyke. Buddy insists he can get a bargain in a fur coat for Laura. 7:00 — Chan. 4. Death Valley Days. "The Journey." Young .\rmy officer risks his life to achieve understanding with Indians. 7:30 — Chan. 9. Travels '65. "Germany Today." Therefore, I prefer the "Negative shrug" convention. Since cheating along this line is so easy to get away with, I was planning to propose in my book that the World Bridge Federation amend the rules to authorize pantomimic conventions. Before each tournament began, all the players would have to stipulate what gestures and expressions they intended to employ. Should a player committed to the wrinkled nose convention be detected curling his lip, the other team could call the judges and severe penalities would be imposed. This plan would go a long way toward eliminating secret codes of the type attributed to Reese and Schapiro. Too bad I didn't get it published in time. pain in the eyes on exposure to light. Pyridoxine is essential for healthy teeth, gums, blood vessels, red blood ceils and nerves. A lack of this vitamin is never seen in adults but in infants it results in jumpiness and convulsions. Cobalamin prevents pernicious anemia and is necessary for proper growth in children. It is valuable in the treatment of certain types of anemia. Pantothenic acid is required for the body's synthesis of adrenal hormines and the production of antibodies against germs and viruses. Niacin is necessary for the conversion of food to energy. Thus, although the vitamin furnishes no energy, you can go into a terrific slump without it. This is the vitamin that prevents pellagra. In doses that far exceed the body's needs it will reduce the blood cholesterol level. Biotin is essential for the health of the skin, mucous membranes, red blood cells and blood vessels. No cases of deficiency of this vitamm have been reported. THE ALMANAC Today is Wednesday, May 26, the 146th day of 1965 with 219 to follow. The moon is approaching its new phase. The morning star is Saturn. The evening star is Mars. Al Jolson, the American singer and comedian was born on this day in 1886. On this day in history: In 1868, President Andrew Jolmson was acquitted of impeachment charges.. .his opponents losing by one vote. In 1937, members of the Ford factory police attacked and beat Walter Reuther and Richard Frankensteen. The two officials of the United Automobile Workers Union were supervising the distribution of a pamphlet demanding the end of Ford's policy of guaranteeing an open shop. In 1945, U.S. B29 bombers hit Tokyo with 4,000 tons of fire bombs. In 1964, Indian Prime Minister Nehru died at the age of 74. A thought for the day: English Poet Robert Browning once wrote—"WTiat I aspired to be, and was not, comforts me." One Minute Pulpit Your sun shall no more go down, nor your moon withdraw itself; for the Lord will be your everlasting light, and your days of mourning shall be ended.— Isaiah 60:20. God governs in the affairs of man; and if a sparrow cannot fall to the ground without His notice, it is probable that an empire can rise without His aid? — Benjamin Franklin.
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